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Encyclopedia > Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball
Sport Baseball
Founded 1876
No. of teams 30
Country(ies) Flag of the United States United States
Flag of Canada Canada
Most recent champion(s) Boston Red Sox
TV partner(s) FOX, ESPN, and TBS
Official website MLB.com

Major League Baseball (MLB) is the highest level of play in North American professional baseball. More specifically, Major League Baseball refers to the organization that operates North American professional baseball's two major leagues, the National League and the American League, by means of a joint organizational structure which has existed between them since 1903. Major League Baseball teams play a 162 game season. The American League operates under the Designated Hitter Rule, but the National League does not (inter-league, all-star and World Series game rules are determined by the home team's league rules). In 2000, the American and National Leagues were officially disbanded as separate legal entities with all rights and functions consolidated in the commissioner's office. MLB effectively operates as a single league and as such it constitutes one of the major professional sports leagues of North America. Major League may refer to: Major League Baseball, the highest level of play in professional baseball in the world Major Leagues, a song by Pavement from their 1999 album Terror Twilight Category: ... Major League Baseball logo, claiming fair use. ... This article is about the sport. ... See also: 1875 in sports, other events of 1876, 1877 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Baseball February 2 - The National League of Professional Baseball Clubs is formed in New York at the Grand Central Hotel in New York City. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 4, 8, 9, 27, 42 Name Boston Red Sox (1908–present) Boston Americans (1901-1907) Other nicknames The BoSox, The Olde Towne Team, The Sox Ballpark Fenway Park (1912–present) Huntington Avenue Baseball Grounds... Major League Baseball on FOX or MLB on FOX is a weekly presentation of Major League Baseball games on the Fox television network. ... ESPN Major League Baseball is a promotion of Major League Baseball on ESPN and ESPN2, with simulcasts on ESPNHD or ESPN2HD. Major League Baseball on ESPN debuted on April 15, 1990 with Sunday Night Baseball, ESPN Major League Baseball is guaranteed to remain on air until 2013. ... MLB on TBS is a broadcasting agreement between Major League Baseball and the Turner Broadcasting System to broadcast baseball via cable television nationwide, beginning as early as the 2006 playoffs. ... This article is about the sport. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... For other uses, see National League (disambiguation). ... The American League (or formally the American League of Professional Baseball Clubs) is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball in the United States of America and Canada. ... This article or section needs additional references or sources to improve its verifiability. ... The term major professional sports league is used to describe the most important and well regarded leagues in the biggest professional sports in a country or region. ...


Major League Baseball is controlled by an agreement that has undergone several incarnations since 1876, then called the NL Constitution, with the most recent revisions being made in 2005. Major League Baseball, under the direction of its Commissioner, Bud Selig, hires and maintains the sport's umpiring crews, and negotiates marketing, labor, and television contracts. As is the case for most North American sports leagues, the "closed shop" aspect of MLB effectively prevents the yearly promotion and relegation of teams into and out of the Major League by virtue of their performance. Major League Baseball is mostly funded by private enterprises, but also partially funded directly by public taxes. MLB maintains a unique, controlling relationship over the sport, including most aspects of minor league baseball. This is due in large part to a 1922 U.S. Supreme Court ruling in Federal Baseball Club v. National League which held that baseball is not interstate commerce and therefore not subject to federal antitrust law despite baseball's own references to itself as an "industry" rather than a "sport." This ruling has been weakened only slightly in subsequent years.[1] [2] The Major League Baseball Constitution is a document under which the day-to-day operation of Major League Baseball are conducted. ... The Commissioner of Baseball is the chief executive of Major League Baseball. ... Allan Huber Bud Selig, Jr. ... Home plate umpire Gary Darling signals that the last pitch was a strike In baseball, the umpire is the person charged with officiating the game, including beginning and ending the game, enforcing the rules of the game and the grounds, making judgment calls on plays, and meting out discipline. ... For the magazine, see Marketing (magazine). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... In many sports leagues around the world (with North American and Australian professional leagues being the most notable exceptions), relegation (or demotion) means the mandated transfer of the least successful team(s) of a higher division into a lower division at the end of the season. ... For the organization which many minor leagues belong to, see Minor League Baseball Part of the History of baseball series. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the... In Federal Baseball Club v. ... Article I, Section 8, Clause 3 of the United States Constitution empowers the United States Congress To regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian Tribes. The Commerce Clause has been the subject of intense constitutional and political disagreement centering on the extent to... This article is about anti-competitive business behavior. ...


The production/multimedia wing of MLB is New York-based MLB Advanced Media which oversees MLB.com and all 30 of the individual teams' websites. Its charter states that MLB Advanced Media holds editorial independence from the League itself, but it is indeed under the same ownership group and revenue-sharing plan. MLB Productions is a similarly-structured wing of the league, focusing on video and traditional broadcast media. Major League Baseball Advanced Media, L.P., is a subsidiary of Major League Baseball, and is the internet and interactive branch of the league. ... MLB.com is the official site of Major League Baseball. ... Freedom of the press (or press freedom) is the guarantee by a government of free public press for its citizens and their associations, extended to members of news gathering organizations, and their published reporting. ...

Contents

Current Major League Clubs

The Major League regular season runs from the first Monday in April (with one game the Sunday night before) until late September or early October. Players and teams prepare for the season in spring training, in Florida and Arizona, during February and March. Three rounds of playoffs follow the regular season, culminating in the World Series in late October. A Grapefruit League game at the LA Dodgers camp in Vero Beach, Florida In Major League Baseball, spring training is a series of exhibition games which precedes the regular season. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... For other events named World Series, see World Series (disambiguation). ...


National League

Division Team City/Area Stadium Capacity
East Atlanta Braves Atlanta, Georgia Turner Field 50,091
Florida Marlins Miami Gardens, Florida (Miami area) Dolphin Stadium1 36,331
New York Mets Flushing, New York (New York City) Shea Stadium² 55,601
Philadelphia Phillies Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Citizens Bank Park 43,647
Washington Nationals Washington, D.C. Nationals Park 41,222
Central Chicago Cubs Chicago, Illinois Wrigley Field 41,118
Cincinnati Reds Cincinnati, Ohio Great American Ball Park 42,059
Houston Astros Houston, Texas Minute Maid Park 40,950
Milwaukee Brewers Milwaukee, Wisconsin Miller Park 42,200
Pittsburgh Pirates Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania PNC Park 38,496
St. Louis Cardinals St. Louis, Missouri Busch Stadium 46,861
West Arizona Diamondbacks Phoenix, Arizona Chase Field 49,033
Colorado Rockies Denver, Colorado Coors Field 50,445
Los Angeles Dodgers Los Angeles, California Dodger Stadium 56,000
San Diego Padres San Diego, California PETCO Park 42,445
San Francisco Giants San Francisco, California AT&T Park 41,503
1 The Marlins will be forced to vacate the stadium after 2010.
² To be replaced in 2009 by a new stadium named "Citi Field"

The National League Yellow Division is one of Major League Baseballs six divisions. ... Major league affiliations National League (1876–present) East Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 21, 35, 41, 42, 44 Name Atlanta Braves (1966–present) Milwaukee Braves (1953-1965) Boston Braves (1941-1952) Boston Bees (1936-1940) Boston Braves (1912-1935) Boston Rustlers (1911) Boston Doves (1907-1910) Boston... Atlanta redirects here. ... View from the outfield Turner Field is a baseball stadium in Atlanta, Georgia. ... Major league affiliations National League (1993–present) East Division (1993–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 5, 42 Name Florida Marlins (1993–present) Other nicknames The Fish Ballpark Dolphin Stadium (1993–present) a. ... Location in Miami-Dade and the state of Florida. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... Miami redirects here. ... Interior of Dolphin Stadium, football configuration Dolphin Stadium (previously known as Joe Robbie Stadium, Pro Player Park, Pro Player Stadium[1], and Dolphins Stadium) is a football, lacrosse, soccer and baseball stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida, a suburb north of Miami. ... Major league affiliations National League (1962–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 14, 37, 41, 42 Name New York Mets (1962–present) Other nicknames The Amazin Mets, The Amazins, The Metropolitans, The Kings of Queens Ballpark Shea Stadium (1964–present) Polo Grounds (1962–1963) Major league... Several landmarks from two New York Worlds Fairs still stand in Flushing Meadows, including the US Steel Unisphere Flushing is an urban neighborhood in the northern part of the borough of Queens in New York City, New York. ... This article is about the state. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... William A. Shea Municipal Stadium, usually shortened to Shea Stadium, is an American baseball stadium in New York City. ... Major league affiliations National League (1883–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 14, 20, 32, 36, 42 Name Philadelphia Phillies (1884–present) Philadelphia Quakers (1883-1889) (Also referred to as Blue Jays 1943-1945 despite formal name remaining Phillies) Other nicknames The Phils, The Phightin Phils... For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Citizens Bank Park is a 43,647-seat baseball-only stadium in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania that opened on April 3, 2004 and hosted its first regular season baseball game on April 12 of that same year, as the tenants of the facility, the Philadelphia Phillies lost to the Cincinnati Reds, 4... Major league affiliations National League (1969–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 42 Name Washington Nationals (2005–present) Montreal Expos (1969-2004) Other nicknames The Nats Ballpark Nationals Ballpark (2008–present) RFK Stadium 2005-2007 Hiram Bithorn Stadium[3] (San Juan) (2003-2004) Olympic Stadium (Montreal) (1977... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... Nationals Ballpark (or Nationals Park) is the new ballpark for the Washington Nationals of Major League Baseball. ... The National League Central Division is one of Major League Baseballs six divisions. ... Major league affiliations National League (1876–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 10, 14, 23, 26, 42 Name Chicago Cubs (1902–present) Chicago Orphans (1898-1901) Chicago Colts (1890-1897) Chicago White Stockings (1870-1871, 1874-1889) (a. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City 234. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... For the former ballpark in Los Angeles, see Wrigley Field (Los Angeles). ... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 5, 8, 10, 13, 18, 20, 24, 42 Name Cincinnati Reds (1958–present) Cincinnati Redlegs (1953-1958) Cincinnati Reds (1882-1953) Cincinnati Red Stockings (1876-1882) Other nicknames The Redlegs, The Big Red Machine... Cincinnati redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Great American Ball Park is the home of the National Leagues Cincinnati Reds. ... Major league affiliations National League (1962–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 5, 24, 25, 32, 33, 34, 40, 42, 49 Name Houston Astros (1965–present) Houston Colt . ... Houston redirects here. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... Minute Maid Park (formerly Enron Field and Astros Field) is a baseball stadium in Houston, Texas, that opened in 2000 to house the Houston Astros. ... Major league affiliations National League (1998–present) Central Division (1998–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 4, 19, 34, 42, 44 Name Milwaukee Brewers (1970–present) Seattle Pilots (1969) Other nicknames True Blue Brew Crew, The Brew Crew, The Crew, Beermakers Ballpark Miller Park (2001–present) County Stadium (1970–2000) Sick... For other places with the same name, see Milwaukee (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) None Capital Madison Largest city Milwaukee Largest metro area Greater Milwaukee Area  Ranked 23rd  - Total 65,498 sq mi (169,790 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 310 miles (500 km)  - % water 17  - Latitude 42° 30′ N to 47° 05′ N  - Longitude 86° 46′ W to... Miller Park is a baseball stadium located in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. ... This article is about the baseball team. ... Pittsburgh redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... PNC Park is a baseball stadium located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... Major league affiliations National League (1892–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 2, 6, 9, 14, 17, 20, 42, 42, 45, 85 Name St. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Missouri Coordinates: , Country State County Independent City Government  - Mayor Francis G. Slay (D) Area  - City  66. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Busch Stadium (also referred to informally as New Busch Stadium or Busch Stadium III) is the new home for the St. ... In Major League Baseball, the National League Western Division, or NL West, is one of three subdivisions of the National League. ... Major league affiliations National League (1998–present) West Division (1998–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 42 Name Arizona Diamondbacks (1998–present) Other nicknames The D-backs, The Snakes Ballpark Chase Field (1998–present) a. ... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... Chase Field, also known as The BOB (after its original name, Bank One Ballpark), is a stadium located in Phoenix, Arizona. ... Major league affiliations National League (1993–present) West Division (1993–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 42 Name Colorado Rockies (1993–present) Other nicknames The Rocks, The Rox, Blake Street Bombers, Hurdles Heroes. ... Nickname: Location of Denver in Colorado Location of Colorado in the United States Coordinates: , Country State Founded [1] November 22, 1858 Incorporated November 7, 1861 Government  - Type Strong Mayor/Weak Council  - Mayor John Hickenlooper (D) Area [1]  - City & County  154. ... Official language(s) English Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... Coors Field, located in Denver, Colorado is the home field of the National Leagues Colorado Rockies. ... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 2, 4, 19, 20, 24, 32, 39, 42, 53 Name Los Angeles Dodgers (1958–present) Brooklyn Dodgers (1932-1957) Brooklyn Robins (1914-1931) Brooklyn Dodgers (1913) Brooklyn Trolley Dodgers (1911-1912) Brooklyn Superbas (1899... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Dodger Stadium is a large outdoor baseball stadium in Los Angeles, California at Chávez Ravine. ... Major league affiliations National League (1969–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 6, 19, 31, 35, 42 Name San Diego Padres (1969–present) Other nicknames The Pads, The Friars, The Fathers, The Dads Ballpark PETCO Park (2004–present) Qualcomm Stadium (1969-2003) a. ... San Diego redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... PETCO Park is an open-air stadium in downtown San Diego, California. ... Major league affiliations National League (1883–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers NY, NY, 3, 4, 11, 24, 27, 30, 36, 42, 44 Name San Francisco Giants (1958–present) New York Giants (1885–1957) New York Gothams (1883–1885) Other nicknames Jints, Gigantes, G-Men Ballpark AT... San Francisco redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... AT&T Park (also called China Basin) is an open-air baseball park, home to the San Francisco Giants of the Major League Baseball. ... Citi Field will be the new Major League Baseball stadium for the New York Mets that is being built in Willets Point in the New York City borough of Queens as a replacement for Shea Stadium, which was constructed in 1964 adjacent to the site of the 1964 Worlds...

American League

Division Team City/Area Stadium Capacity
East Baltimore Orioles Baltimore, Maryland Oriole Park at Camden Yards 48,876
Boston Red Sox Boston, Massachusetts Fenway Park 38,805
New York Yankees Bronx, New York (New York City) Yankee Stadium4,7 57,545
Tampa Bay Rays St. Petersburg, Florida Tropicana Field 38,437
Toronto Blue Jays Toronto, Ontario Rogers Centre 50,516
Central Chicago White Sox Chicago, Illinois U.S. Cellular Field 40,615
Cleveland Indians Cleveland, Ohio Jacobs Field 43,345
Detroit Tigers Detroit, Michigan Comerica Park 41,070
Kansas City Royals Kansas City, Missouri Kauffman Stadium 40,793
Minnesota Twins Minneapolis, Minnesota Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome5 46,564
West Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim Anaheim, California Angel Stadium 45,050
Oakland Athletics Oakland, California McAfee Coliseum6 34,077
Seattle Mariners Seattle, Washington Safeco Field 47,116
Texas Rangers Arlington, Texas (Dallas/Fort Worth area) Rangers Ballpark in Arlington 49,115
4 To be replaced in 2009 by a new stadium also named "Yankee Stadium"
5 To be replaced in 2010 by a new stadium currently named "Twins Ballpark"
6 To be replaced in 2010-2012 by a new stadium named "Cisco Field"
7 Hosting 2008 All Star Game.
A graph showing the historical performance of the 30 Major League Baseball franchises

The American League East Division is one of Major League Baseballs six divisions. ... This article is about the contemporary American major league baseball team. ... Baltimore redirects here. ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Largest metro area Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 101 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N... Oriole Park at Camden Yards is a baseball stadium located in Baltimore, Maryland, which was completed in 1992 to replace the aging Memorial Stadium. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 4, 8, 9, 27, 42 Name Boston Red Sox (1908–present) Boston Americans (1901-1907) Other nicknames The BoSox, The Olde Towne Team, The Sox Ballpark Fenway Park (1912–present) Huntington Avenue Baseball Grounds... Boston redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Fenway redirects here. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 23, 32, 37, 44, 49 Name New York Yankees (1913–present) New York Highlanders (1903-1912) Baltimore Orioles (1901-1902) (Also referred to as... For other uses, see The Bronx (disambiguation). ... This article is about the state. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... This is about the stadium the New York Yankees currently play in. ... Major league affiliations American League (1998–present) East Division (1998–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 12, 42 Name Tampa Bay Rays (2008–present) Tampa Bay Devil Rays (1998-2007) Other nicknames Ballpark Tropicana Field (1998–present) Major league titles World Series titles (0) none AL Pennants (0) none Division titles... For other uses, see St. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... Tropicana Field is a domed stadium in St. ... Major league affiliations American League (1977–present) East Division (1977–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 42 Name Toronto Blue Jays (1977–present) Other nicknames The Jays Ballpark Rogers Centre (1989–present) a. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor David C. Onley Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 107 Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area... Rogers Centre, formerly known as SkyDome,[2] is a multi-purpose stadium in Toronto, Ontario, situated next to the CN Tower near the shores of Lake Ontario. ... The American League Central Division is one of Major League Baseballs six divisions. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 2, 3, 4, 9, 11, 16, 19, 42, 72, Name Chicago White Sox (1904–present) Other nicknames The Sox, The South Siders, The ChiSox, The Pale Hose, The Good Guys, The Go-Go Sox, The... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City 234. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... U.S. Cellular Field a. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 5, 14, 18, 19, 21, 42, 455 Name Cleveland Indians (1915–present) Cleveland Naps (1905-1914) Cleveland Bronchos (1902-1904) Cleveland Blues (1901) Other nicknames The Tribe, The Wahoos Ballpark Jacobs Field (1994–present... Cleveland redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Jacobs Field (informally called The Jake) is a baseball stadium located in the middle of downtown Cleveland, Ohio. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1998–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 2, 5, 6, 16, 23, 42, Cobb Name Detroit Tigers (1901–present) Other nicknames The Motor City Kitties, The Bengals, The Tigs, The Bless You Boys Ballpark Comerica Park (2000–present) Tiger Stadium (1912-1999... Detroit redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Comerica Park is a baseball stadium located in downtown Detroit, Michigan. ... Major league affiliations American League (1969–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 5, 10, 20, 42 Name Kansas City Royals (1969–present) Other nicknames The Boys in Blue Ballpark Kauffman Stadium (1973–present) a. ... Nickname: Location in Jackson, Clay, Platte, and Cass Counties in the state of Missouri. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Ewing M. Kauffman Stadium (formerly Royals Stadium) is a Major League Baseball stadium located in Kansas City, Missouri, and home to the Kansas City Royals of the American League. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 6, 14, 29, 34, 42 Name Minnesota Twins (1961–present) Washington Nationals/Senators (1901-1960) Other nicknames The Twinkies Ballpark Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome 1982-present Metropolitan Stadium (1961-1981) Griffith Stadium (1911-1960... Minneapolis redirects here. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Area  Ranked 12th  - Total 87,014 sq mi (225,365 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 8. ... The entrance The Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome, usually simply called The Metrodome or The Dome, and often nicknamed the Homerdome (even though in reality it is no friendlier to the long ball than average[3]), is a domed sports stadium in downtown Minneapolis, Minnesota. ... The American League West Division is one of Major League Baseballs six divisions. ... Major league affiliations American League (1961–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 11, 26, 29, 30, 42, 50 Name Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim (2005–present) Anaheim Angels (1997-2004) California Angels (1965-1996) Los Angeles Angels (1961-1965) Other nicknames The Halos, The Wings, The Seraphs... Anaheim redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Angel Stadium, originally Anaheim Stadium and later Edison International Field, is a Major League Baseball stadium located in Anaheim, California, and home to the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim of the American League. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 9, 27, 34, 42, 43, (As) Name Oakland Athletics (1968–present) Kansas City Athletics (1955-1967) Philadelphia Athletics (1901-1954) (Referred to as As) Other nicknames The As, The White Elephants, The... Oakland redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For other uses, see Coliseum. ... Major league affiliations American League (1977–present) West Division (1977–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 42 Name Seattle Mariners (1977–present) Other nicknames The Ms Ballpark Safeco Field (1999–present) King County Domed Stadium (Kingdome) (1977-1999) Major league titles World Series titles (0) none AL Pennants (0) None... Seattle redirects here. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... Safeco Field, sometimes simply referred to as Safeco, is the home of the Seattle Mariners baseball club. ... Major league affiliations American League (1961–present) West Division (1972–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 26, 34, 42 Name Texas Rangers (1972–present) Washington Senators (1961-1971) Other nicknames None in common use Ballpark Rangers Ballpark in Arlington (1994–present) a. ... Arlington is a city in Tarrant County, Texas (USA) within the Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington metropolitan area. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... The Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington metropolitan area, a title designated by the U.S. Census as of 2003, encompasses 12 counties within the U.S. state of Texas. ... Rangers Ballpark in Arlington is a baseball stadium in Arlington, Texas, located between Dallas and Fort Worth, Texas. ... New Yankee Stadium is the working title for a new stadium for the New York Yankees, currently under construction. ... Twins Ballpark is the working title of the future stadium for the Minnesota Twins in Minneapolis, Minnesota. ... Cisco Field is a proposed baseball stadium in Fremont, California. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 413 pixelsFull resolution (1175 × 606 pixels, file size: 16 KB, MIME type: image/png) A graph that shows the historical performance of the 30 Major League Baseball franchises. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 413 pixelsFull resolution (1175 × 606 pixels, file size: 16 KB, MIME type: image/png) A graph that shows the historical performance of the 30 Major League Baseball franchises. ...

Teams and schedule

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (974x580, 31 KB) Summary Locations of w:Major League Baseball teams. ...

The Commissioner of baseball, Bud Selig, has often floated the idea of international expansion and realignment of the major leagues. At the moment, however, the two major leagues are each split into three divisions and structured as listed in the tables above. Major league affiliations National League (1876–present) East Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 21, 35, 41, 42, 44 Name Atlanta Braves (1966–present) Milwaukee Braves (1953-1965) Boston Braves (1941-1952) Boston Bees (1936-1940) Boston Braves (1912-1935) Boston Rustlers (1911) Boston Doves (1907-1910) Boston... Major league affiliations National League (1993–present) East Division (1993–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 5, 42 Name Florida Marlins (1993–present) Other nicknames The Fish Ballpark Dolphin Stadium (1993–present) a. ... Major league affiliations National League (1962–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 14, 37, 41, 42 Name New York Mets (1962–present) Other nicknames The Amazin Mets, The Amazins, The Metropolitans, The Kings of Queens Ballpark Shea Stadium (1964–present) Polo Grounds (1962–1963) Major league... Major league affiliations National League (1883–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 14, 20, 32, 36, 42 Name Philadelphia Phillies (1884–present) Philadelphia Quakers (1883-1889) (Also referred to as Blue Jays 1943-1945 despite formal name remaining Phillies) Other nicknames The Phils, The Phightin Phils... Major league affiliations National League (1969–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 42 Name Washington Nationals (2005–present) Montreal Expos (1969-2004) Other nicknames The Nats Ballpark Nationals Ballpark (2008–present) RFK Stadium 2005-2007 Hiram Bithorn Stadium[3] (San Juan) (2003-2004) Olympic Stadium (Montreal) (1977... Major league affiliations National League (1876–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 10, 14, 23, 26, 42 Name Chicago Cubs (1902–present) Chicago Orphans (1898-1901) Chicago Colts (1890-1897) Chicago White Stockings (1870-1871, 1874-1889) (a. ... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 5, 8, 10, 13, 18, 20, 24, 42 Name Cincinnati Reds (1958–present) Cincinnati Redlegs (1953-1958) Cincinnati Reds (1882-1953) Cincinnati Red Stockings (1876-1882) Other nicknames The Redlegs, The Big Red Machine... Major league affiliations National League (1962–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 5, 24, 25, 32, 33, 34, 40, 42, 49 Name Houston Astros (1965–present) Houston Colt . ... Major league affiliations National League (1998–present) Central Division (1998–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 4, 19, 34, 42, 44 Name Milwaukee Brewers (1970–present) Seattle Pilots (1969) Other nicknames True Blue Brew Crew, The Brew Crew, The Crew, Beermakers Ballpark Miller Park (2001–present) County Stadium (1970–2000) Sick... This article is about the baseball team. ... Major league affiliations National League (1892–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 2, 6, 9, 14, 17, 20, 42, 42, 45, 85 Name St. ... Major league affiliations National League (1998–present) West Division (1998–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 42 Name Arizona Diamondbacks (1998–present) Other nicknames The D-backs, The Snakes Ballpark Chase Field (1998–present) a. ... Major league affiliations National League (1993–present) West Division (1993–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 42 Name Colorado Rockies (1993–present) Other nicknames The Rocks, The Rox, Blake Street Bombers, Hurdles Heroes. ... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 2, 4, 19, 20, 24, 32, 39, 42, 53 Name Los Angeles Dodgers (1958–present) Brooklyn Dodgers (1932-1957) Brooklyn Robins (1914-1931) Brooklyn Dodgers (1913) Brooklyn Trolley Dodgers (1911-1912) Brooklyn Superbas (1899... Major league affiliations National League (1969–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 6, 19, 31, 35, 42 Name San Diego Padres (1969–present) Other nicknames The Pads, The Friars, The Fathers, The Dads Ballpark PETCO Park (2004–present) Qualcomm Stadium (1969-2003) a. ... Major league affiliations National League (1883–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers NY, NY, 3, 4, 11, 24, 27, 30, 36, 42, 44 Name San Francisco Giants (1958–present) New York Giants (1885–1957) New York Gothams (1883–1885) Other nicknames Jints, Gigantes, G-Men Ballpark AT... This article is about the contemporary American major league baseball team. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 4, 8, 9, 27, 42 Name Boston Red Sox (1908–present) Boston Americans (1901-1907) Other nicknames The BoSox, The Olde Towne Team, The Sox Ballpark Fenway Park (1912–present) Huntington Avenue Baseball Grounds... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 23, 32, 37, 44, 49 Name New York Yankees (1913–present) New York Highlanders (1903-1912) Baltimore Orioles (1901-1902) (Also referred to as... Major league affiliations American League (1998–present) East Division (1998–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 12, 42 Name Tampa Bay Rays (2008–present) Tampa Bay Devil Rays (1998-2007) Other nicknames Ballpark Tropicana Field (1998–present) Major league titles World Series titles (0) none AL Pennants (0) none Division titles... Major league affiliations American League (1977–present) East Division (1977–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 42 Name Toronto Blue Jays (1977–present) Other nicknames The Jays Ballpark Rogers Centre (1989–present) a. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 2, 3, 4, 9, 11, 16, 19, 42, 72, Name Chicago White Sox (1904–present) Other nicknames The Sox, The South Siders, The ChiSox, The Pale Hose, The Good Guys, The Go-Go Sox, The... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1998–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 2, 5, 6, 16, 23, 42, Cobb Name Detroit Tigers (1901–present) Other nicknames The Motor City Kitties, The Bengals, The Tigs, The Bless You Boys Ballpark Comerica Park (2000–present) Tiger Stadium (1912-1999... Major league affiliations American League (1969–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 5, 10, 20, 42 Name Kansas City Royals (1969–present) Other nicknames The Boys in Blue Ballpark Kauffman Stadium (1973–present) a. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 6, 14, 29, 34, 42 Name Minnesota Twins (1961–present) Washington Nationals/Senators (1901-1960) Other nicknames The Twinkies Ballpark Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome 1982-present Metropolitan Stadium (1961-1981) Griffith Stadium (1911-1960... Major league affiliations American League (1961–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 11, 26, 29, 30, 42, 50 Name Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim (2005–present) Anaheim Angels (1997-2004) California Angels (1965-1996) Los Angeles Angels (1961-1965) Other nicknames The Halos, The Wings, The Seraphs... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 9, 27, 34, 42, 43, (As) Name Oakland Athletics (1968–present) Kansas City Athletics (1955-1967) Philadelphia Athletics (1901-1954) (Referred to as As) Other nicknames The As, The White Elephants, The... Major league affiliations American League (1977–present) West Division (1977–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 42 Name Seattle Mariners (1977–present) Other nicknames The Ms Ballpark Safeco Field (1999–present) King County Domed Stadium (Kingdome) (1977-1999) Major league titles World Series titles (0) none AL Pennants (0) None... Major league affiliations American League (1961–present) West Division (1972–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 26, 34, 42 Name Texas Rangers (1972–present) Washington Senators (1961-1971) Other nicknames None in common use Ballpark Rangers Ballpark in Arlington (1994–present) a. ... Allan Huber Bud Selig, Jr. ...


In all, there are 30 teams in the two leagues: 16 in the older National League ("NL") and 14 in the American League ("AL"). The leagues do not have the same number of teams because an odd number of teams would force at least one team to be off every day, or play a team from the opposite league. Each has its teams split into three divisions grouped generally by geography. They are (number of teams in each division in parenthesis): NL East (5), NL Central (6), NL West (5), AL East (5), AL Central (5), and AL West (4). For other uses, see National League (disambiguation). ... The American League (or formally the American League of Professional Baseball Clubs) is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball in the United States of America and Canada. ... The National League Yellow Division is one of Major League Baseballs six divisions. ... The National League Central Division is one of Major League Baseballs six divisions. ... In Major League Baseball, the National League Western Division, or NL West, is one of three subdivisions of the National League. ... The American League East Division is one of Major League Baseballs six divisions. ... The American League Central Division is one of Major League Baseballs six divisions. ... The American League West Division is one of Major League Baseballs six divisions. ...


Each team's regular season consists of 162 games, a duration established in 1961 in the American League and 1962 in the National League. From 1904 into the early 1960s, except for 1919, a 154-game schedule was played in both leagues (7 opponents X 22 games apiece). Expansion from 8 to 10 teams in each league in the early 1960s resulted in a revised schedule of 162 games (9 opponents X 18 games apiece, initially) in their expansion years, for the American League in 1961 and the National League in 1962. Although the schedule remains at 162 games to this day, the layout of games played was changed when Divisional play began in 1969, so that teams played more games against opponents within their own division than against the other divisions or (beginning in 1997) the other league.

View of a night game at Yankee Stadium, between the New York Yankees and the Minnesota Twins.
View of a night game at Yankee Stadium, between the New York Yankees and the Minnesota Twins.

Unplanned shortened seasons were played in 1918 due to the United States entering World War I, and in 1972, 1981, 1994 and 1995 due to player strikes and lockouts. A 140-game schedule (7 X 20) was played in 1919, due to the influenza outbreak, and the schedule before 1904 varied from year to year. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 1463 KB) View of a night game at Yankee Stadium from the third teir I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 1463 KB) View of a night game at Yankee Stadium from the third teir I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... This is about the stadium the New York Yankees currently play in. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 23, 32, 37, 44, 49 Name New York Yankees (1913–present) New York Highlanders (1903-1912) Baltimore Orioles (1901-1902) (Also referred to as... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 6, 14, 29, 34, 42 Name Minnesota Twins (1961–present) Washington Nationals/Senators (1901-1960) Other nicknames The Twinkies Ballpark Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome 1982-present Metropolitan Stadium (1961-1981) Griffith Stadium (1911-1960... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... In baseball, a strike is a mark against a batter during a plate appearance. ...


Games are played predominantly against teams within each league through an unbalanced schedule which heavily favors intra-divisional play. In 1997, Major League Baseball introduced interleague play, which was criticized by the sport's purists but has since proven very lucrative to the franchises. [citation needed] The interleague games are confined to the mid-summer months. Typically many intra-division games are scheduled toward the end of the season, anticipating the possibility of close divisional races and heightened fan interest. Interleague Play Logo Interleague play is the term used to describe regular season Major League Baseball games played with teams in different leagues, introduced in 1997. ...


Each year in June, Major League Baseball conducts a draft for first-year players who have never signed a Major or Minor League contract. The Major League Baseball Draft is among the least followed of the professional sports drafts in the United States, possibly because other professional sports drafts feature players who will immediately start to play for the team they are drafted by that next year, whereas the MLB has an extensive minor league system to help players mature and hone their skills to be able to compete with those in the major leagues. The First-Year Player Draft is Major League Baseballs primary mechanism for assigning amateur baseball players, from high schools, colleges, and other amateur baseball clubs, to its teams. ... The First-Year Player Draft is Major League Baseballs primary mechanism for assigning amateur baseball players, from high schools, colleges, and other amateur baseball clubs, to its teams. ...


For a detailed history of the length of the regular season, see Major League Baseball season. The Major League Baseball season has been 162 games long for each team since the early 1960s. ...


Team names and colors

In American professional sports (and usually amateur sports as well), a generally standardized and marketing-oriented structure has evolved for the names and colors, and thus the identities of individual clubs. The structure involves three elements: a geographical designator, traditionally the name of the team's city, although in recent decades the team's state or region has sometimes been used; a nickname, usually connected with either a mascot, the team's colors, or a feature unique to the region or to the club; and team colors, a carryover from heraldry. This approach contrasts with some non-American sports, such as European soccer, in which team names need not necessarily follow a particular pattern, or Asian professional baseball, which generally follows a "corporate sponsor" name followed by a "nickname". The pattern began with early organized baseball clubs and has been extended from there to almost all U.S. professional clubs. Heraldry in its most general sense encompasses all matters relating to the duties and responsibilities of officers of arms. ...


Originally, gentlemen's athletic clubs were key movers in the development of organized baseball, so early prominent teams were simply named after the clubs that formed them: Athletic Club, Mutual Club, Olympic Club, Forest City Club, Kekionga Club, Atlantic Club, Western Club. By 1871, with the formation of the National Association, clubs no longer just competed with local rivals, but with the best clubs from other cities around the northeast. Thus, geographic designators were sometimes added, establishing the now familiar pattern (only reversed): Athletic of Philadelphia, Mutual of New York, Olympic of Washington, Forest City of Cleveland, Kekionga of Fort Wayne, Atlantic of Brooklyn, Western of Keokuk. The National Association of Professional Base Ball Players (NAPBBP), or simply the National Association (NA), was founded in 1871 and lasted through the 1875 season. ...


By 1876, when the National League entered play, baseball clubs were no longer primarily associated with gentlemen's athletic clubs, and most of the original teams were named after the one uniform feature that served to distinguish them on the field - the color of their stockings. Thus: Boston Red Stockings, Chicago White Stockings, Cincinnati Red Stockings, Hartford Dark Blues, Louisville Grays, St. Louis Brown Stockings. The 1876 New York and Philadelphia clubs still held over the traditional "Mutual" and "Athletic" names, and were usually so referenced in the standings. The plural usage seen sometimes, "Mutuals" or "Athletics", was equivalent to the "Chicagos" or the "Bostons". Modern historians have often retrofitted these names in the modern style, such as "New York Mutuals", which is technically incorrect. "Mutual" was the actual name of the team, and the club had separate "nicknames" that referred to the team colors in a given year, such as "Green Stockings". The Athletics name did persist, however, and the Philadelphia American League team would retain this name even through two relocations. Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 9, 27, 34, 42, 43, (As) Name Oakland Athletics (1968–present) Kansas City Athletics (1955-1967) Philadelphia Athletics (1901-1954) (Referred to as As) Other nicknames The As, The White Elephants, The...


Throughout this period, club nicknames were ad hoc, bestowed and used at will by sportswriters and fans. Nicknames became associated with particular cities, and fans tended to refer to the local team by this name, even if it was not associated in a corporate fashion with its predecessor. Thus, multiple, unassociated teams used names such as Boston Red Stockings, Chicago White Stockings, Cincinnati Red Stockings, St. Louis Brown Stockings, Louisville Grays, Baltimore Orioles, Milwaukee Brewers, and the like.


Early in the 20th century, the club nickname began to acquire a more important status, eventually an official status, being designated by the club ownership and ultimately used as part of the club's marketing efforts. Sometimes a club would change its nickname or adopt an official name that superseded one or more unofficial names in the past. An example would be the Boston Braves, who were tagged with various nicknames prior to officially adopting "Braves" as their name and mascot. Sometimes such a name change did not catch on with the press and public, which is why there is no longer a "Philadelphia Blue Jays" nor a "Boston Bees". The original Washington Senators were officially the "Washington Nationals" for many decades, but the alternate nickname "Senators" persisted, "Nationals" faded, and the team finally, officially became the "Senators" in the late 1950s. (With modern marketing strategies, such a fate is less likely to befall the current Washington Nationals.) Major league affiliations National League (1876–present) East Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 21, 35, 41, 42, 44 Name Atlanta Braves (1966–present) Milwaukee Braves (1953-1965) Boston Braves (1941-1952) Boston Bees (1936-1940) Boston Braves (1912-1935) Boston Rustlers (1911) Boston Doves (1907-1910) Boston... Major league affiliations National League (1883–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 14, 20, 32, 36, 42 Name Philadelphia Phillies (1884–present) Philadelphia Quakers (1883-1889) (Also referred to as Blue Jays 1943-1945 despite formal name remaining Phillies) Other nicknames The Phils, The Phightin Phils... Major league affiliations National League (1876–present) East Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3,21,35,41,42,44 Name Atlanta Braves (1966–present) Ballpark Turner Field (1997–present) Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium (1966-1996) Milwaukee County Stadium (Milwaukee) (1953-1965) Braves Field (Boston) (1915-1952) Fenway Park... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 6, 14, 29, 34, 42 Name Minnesota Twins (1961–present) Washington Nationals/Senators (1901-1960) Other nicknames The Twinkies Ballpark Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome 1982-present Metropolitan Stadium (1961-1981) Griffith Stadium (1911-1960... Major league affiliations National League (1969–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 42 Name Washington Nationals (2005–present) Montreal Expos (1969-2004) Other nicknames The Nats Ballpark Nationals Ballpark (2008–present) RFK Stadium 2005-2007 Hiram Bithorn Stadium[3] (San Juan) (2003-2004) Olympic Stadium (Montreal) (1977...


In contrast, the Brooklyn Dodgers began by adopting the old "Atlantic" designation, then were dubbed the "Bridegrooms" for a while, then the "Trolley Dodgers", then the "Superbas", then the "Robins" (for their manager, Wilbert Robinson), although the alternate nickname "Dodgers" persisted from the moment the team acquired that tag. The Dodgers did not actually put that name on their uniforms until the 1930s. Sometimes teams have changed their nicknames for marketing or other reasons. For example, the Houston Colt .45s became the Houston Astros (short for originally Astronauts) in 1965. Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 2, 4, 19, 20, 24, 32, 39, 42, 53 Name Los Angeles Dodgers (1958–present) Brooklyn Dodgers (1932-1957) Brooklyn Robins (1914-1931) Brooklyn Dodgers (1913) Brooklyn Trolley Dodgers (1911-1912) Brooklyn Superbas (1899... Major league affiliations National League (1962–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 5, 24, 25, 32, 33, 34, 40, 42, 49 Name Houston Astros (1965–present) Houston Colt . ...


Team colors are sometimes tied in with a team's name, and occasionally they are changed for marketing reasons. One of the most striking examples of the latter was in 1963, when flamboyant owner Charles O. Finley changed the Kansas City Athletics' uniforms from a traditional white/gray with blue and red trim to bright yellow with green trim, a move that sparked controversy, but also one that fit in with the new medium of color television. Before this, home uniforms in MLB were uniformly white with colored trim, while road uniforms were uniformly gray; afterwards many teams displayed a variety of color schemes, notably the Houston Astros and San Diego Padres. Charles Oscar Finley (February 22, 1918 - February 19, 1996), born in Ensley, Alabama, was an American businessman who is best remembered for his tenure as the flamboyant owner of the Oakland Athletics Major League Baseball team. ... The Oakland Athletics are a Major League Baseball team based in Oakland, California. ... See TV (disambiguation) for other uses and Television (band) for the rock band European networks National In much of Europe television broadcasting has historically been state dominated, rather than commercially organised, although commercial stations have grown in number recently. ... Major league affiliations National League (1962–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 5, 24, 25, 32, 33, 34, 40, 42, 49 Name Houston Astros (1965–present) Houston Colt . ... Major league affiliations National League (1969–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 6, 19, 31, 35, 42 Name San Diego Padres (1969–present) Other nicknames The Pads, The Friars, The Fathers, The Dads Ballpark PETCO Park (2004–present) Qualcomm Stadium (1969-2003) a. ...


The Chicago Cubs have periodically worn a bright blue top on the road since 1982, whereas the Chicago White Sox have changed colors many times during that interval, at one or another time wearing navy blue, red, royal blue, and white stockings. In recent years the team has worn black hosiery. Major league affiliations National League (1876–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 10, 14, 23, 26, 42 Name Chicago Cubs (1902–present) Chicago Orphans (1898-1901) Chicago Colts (1890-1897) Chicago White Stockings (1870-1871, 1874-1889) (a. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 2, 3, 4, 9, 11, 16, 19, 42, 72, Name Chicago White Sox (1904–present) Other nicknames The Sox, The South Siders, The ChiSox, The Pale Hose, The Good Guys, The Go-Go Sox, The...


Baseball teams names often bear resemblance or inspired the names of other sports teams, especially football teams. For example: New York Giants (baseball, now the San Francisco Giants) and the New York Giants (football); Chicago Cubs (baseball) and the Chicago Bears (football, supposedly because Bears owner George Halas reasoned football players were larger than baseball players); New York Mets (baseball), New York Jets (formerly the New York Titans), and New York Nets (now the New Jersey Nets), Dallas Cowboys (the Dallas Cowboys were originally named the Dallas Rangers but a local minor league baseball team took the name before the football club could make it official, so they changed their name to the Cowboys) and Texas Rangers (baseball, formerly the Washington Senators); Detroit Tigers (baseball) and Detroit Lions (football); New York Yankees (baseball) and New York Yanks (which became the Dallas Texans which became the Baltimore Colts); the Boston Braves (baseball, now the Atlanta Braves) and the Boston Redskins (now the Washington Redskins); Brooklyn Dodgers (baseball, now Los Angeles Dodgers) and Brooklyn Dodgers (football, now defunct); Houston Astros (baseball) and Houston Rockets (basketball); Baltimore Orioles (baseball) and Baltimore Ravens (football); and Miami Dolphins (football) and Florida Marlins (baseball). Major league affiliations National League (1883–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers NY, NY, 3, 4, 11, 24, 27, 30, 36, 42, 44 Name San Francisco Giants (1958–present) New York Giants (1885–1957) New York Gothams (1883–1885) Other nicknames Jints, Gigantes, G-Men Ballpark AT... This article is about the current National Football League team. ... Major league affiliations National League (1876–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 10, 14, 23, 26, 42 Name Chicago Cubs (1902–present) Chicago Orphans (1898-1901) Chicago Colts (1890-1897) Chicago White Stockings (1870-1871, 1874-1889) (a. ... City Chicago, Illinois Other nicknames Da Bears, The Monsters of the Midway Team colors Navy Blue and Orange Head Coach Lovie Smith Owner Virginia Halas McCaskey Chairman Michael McCaskey General manager Jerry Angelo Fight song Bear Down, Chicago Bears Mascot Staley Da Bear League/Conference affiliations Independent (1919) National Football... Major league affiliations National League (1962–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 14, 37, 41, 42 Name New York Mets (1962–present) Other nicknames The Amazin Mets, The Amazins, The Metropolitans, The Kings of Queens Ballpark Shea Stadium (1964–present) Polo Grounds (1962–1963) Major league... City East Rutherford, New Jersey Other nicknames Gang Green, the Green and White, Jersey Jets Team colors Hunter green and white Head Coach Eric Mangini Owner Woody Johnson General manager Mike Tannenbaum League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Eastern Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American... The New Jersey Nets are a professional basketball team based in East Rutherford, New Jersey. ... City Irving, Texas Other nicknames Americas Team, The Boys, The Pokes Team colors White, Silver, Silver-Green, Royal Blue, Navy Blue Head Coach Wade Phillips Owner Jerry Jones General manager Jerry Jones League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1960–present) Western Conference (1960) Eastern Conference (1961-1969) Capitol Division... Major league affiliations American League (1961–present) West Division (1972–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 26, 34, 42 Name Texas Rangers (1972–present) Washington Senators (1961-1971) Other nicknames None in common use Ballpark Rangers Ballpark in Arlington (1994–present) a. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1998–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 2, 5, 6, 16, 23, 42, Cobb Name Detroit Tigers (1901–present) Other nicknames The Motor City Kitties, The Bengals, The Tigs, The Bless You Boys Ballpark Comerica Park (2000–present) Tiger Stadium (1912-1999... City Detroit, Michigan Team colors Honolulu Blue, Silver, and Black Head Coach Rod Marinelli Owner William Clay Ford, Sr. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 23, 32, 37, 44, 49 Name New York Yankees (1913–present) New York Highlanders (1903-1912) Baltimore Orioles (1901-1902) (Also referred to as... The New York Yanks started life as the Boston Yanks in the National Football League in 1944. ... Major league affiliations National League (1876–present) East Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 21, 35, 41, 42, 44 Name Atlanta Braves (1966–present) Milwaukee Braves (1953-1965) Boston Braves (1941-1952) Boston Bees (1936-1940) Boston Braves (1912-1935) Boston Rustlers (1911) Boston Doves (1907-1910) Boston... For other uses, see Redskins (disambiguation). ... The Brooklyn Dodgers were a Major League Baseball team that played from 1890-1957. ... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 2, 4, 19, 20, 24, 32, 39, 42, 53 Name Los Angeles Dodgers (1958–present) Brooklyn Dodgers (1932-1957) Brooklyn Robins (1914-1931) Brooklyn Dodgers (1913) Brooklyn Trolley Dodgers (1911-1912) Brooklyn Superbas (1899... Major league affiliations National League (1962–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 5, 24, 25, 32, 33, 34, 40, 42, 49 Name Houston Astros (1965–present) Houston Colt . ... The Houston Rockets are an American professional basketball team based in Houston, Texas. ... This article is about the contemporary American major league baseball team. ... City Baltimore, Maryland Team colors Purple, Black, and Gold Head Coach Brian Billick Owner Steve Bisciotti General manager Ozzie Newsome Mascot The Ravens: Edgar, Allan, & Poe League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1996–present) American Football Conference (1996-present) AFC Central (1996-2001) AFC North (2002-present) Team history Baltimore... City Miami Gardens, Florida Other nicknames The Fins Team colors Aqua, Coral, White and Navy Head Coach liljimjim Owner Wayne Huizenga General manager Randy Mueller Mascot T.D. League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1966-1969) Eastern Division (1966-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970-present... Major league affiliations National League (1993–present) East Division (1993–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 5, 42 Name Florida Marlins (1993–present) Other nicknames The Fish Ballpark Dolphin Stadium (1993–present) a. ...


Interestingly, the St. Louis Cardinals (baseball) once played in the same city as the St. Louis Cardinals (football, now the Arizona Cardinals), but the teams were not named for each other. The St. Louis Cardinals baseball club always played in St. Louis and were originally the St. Louis Brown Stockings (not to be confused with the St. Louis Browns in the American League), while the former St. Louis Cardinals football club (now the Arizona Cardinals) are the oldest American football team still in existence, were first known as the Racine Normals, then Racine Cardinals, then the Chicago Cardinals. Major league affiliations National League (1892–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 2, 6, 9, 14, 17, 20, 42, 42, 45, 85 Name St. ... City Glendale, Arizona Other nicknames The Cards, The Birds, Big Red, The Buzzsaw Team colors Cardinal Red, Black, and White Head Coach Ken Whisenhunt Owner Bill Bidwill General manager Rod Graves Mascot Big Red League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1920–present) Western Division (1933-1949) American Conference (1950-1952... This article is about the contemporary American major league baseball team. ... The American League (or formally the American League of Professional Baseball Clubs) is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball in the United States of America and Canada. ...


Final 2007 Season Standings

American League East Division

AL East W L Pct. GB
Boston Red Sox 96 66 .593
y-New York Yankees 94 68 .580 2
Toronto Blue Jays 83 79 .512 13
Baltimore Orioles 69 93 .426 27
Tampa Bay Devil Rays 66 96 .407 30

The American League East Division is one of Major League Baseballs six divisions. ... Location Fenway Park (Since 1912) Boston, Massachusetts (Since 1901) 2007 Information Owner(s) John Henry Tom Werner Larry Lucchino General Manager(s) {{{genmanagers}}} Manager(s) Terry Francona Local television New England Sports Network Local radio WRKO WEEI WROL (Spanish) The Boston Red Sox 2007 season began with the Boston, Massachusetts... Location Yankee Stadium (Since 1923) New York, New York (Since 1903) 2007 Information Owner(s) George Steinbrenner Manager(s) Joe Torre Local television YES Network WWOR (My 9) Local radio WCBS (AM) WQBU-FM (Spanish) The New York Yankees 2007 season was the Yankees 105th in New York and their... Major league affiliations American League (Since 1977) Eastern Division (Since 1977) 2007 Uniform Location Rogers Centre (Since 1989) Toronto, Ontario (Since 1977) 2007 Information Owner(s) Manager(s) Local Television Local Radio The Toronto Blue Jays 2007 season will see the Blue Jays trying to improve on their 87 win... Location Oriole Park at Camden Yards (Since 1992) Baltimore, Maryland (Since 1954) 2007 Information Owner(s) Peter Angelos Manager(s) Sam Perlozzo (until 06/18) Dave Trembley Local television MASN WJZ-TV (CBS 13) Local radio WHFS The Baltimore Orioles 2007 season will involve the Orioles trying to improve on... Major league affiliations American League (Since 1998) Eastern Division (Since 1998) 2007 Uniform Location Tropicana Field (Since 1998) St. ...

American League Central Division

AL Central W L Pct. GB
Cleveland Indians 96 66 .593 --
Detroit Tigers 88 74 .543 8
Minnesota Twins 79 83 .488 17
Chicago White Sox 72 90 .444 24
Kansas City Royals 69 93 .426 27

The American League Central Division is one of Major League Baseballs six divisions. ... Major league affiliations American League (Since 1901) Central Division (Since 1994) 2007 Uniform Location Jacobs Field (Since 1994) Cleveland, Ohio (Since 1901) 2007 Information Owner(s) Larry Dolan Manager(s) Eric Wedge Local television SportsTime Ohio WKYC (NBC 3) Local radio WTAM The Cleveland Indians 2007 season has started off... Major league affiliations American League (Since 1901) Central Division (Since 1998) 2007 Uniform Location Comerica Park (Since 2000) Detroit, Michigan (Since 1901) 2007 Information Owner(s) Manager(s) Local Television Local Radio The Detroit Tigers 2007 season will start off with the Tigers trying to win the AL Central Division... Major league affiliations American League (Since 1901) Central Division (Since 1994) 2007 Uniform Location Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome (Since 1982) Minneapolis, Minnesota (Since 1961) 2007 Information Owner(s) Carl Pohlad Manager(s) Ron Gardenhire Local Television FSN North/My29 WFTC Local Radio AM 1500 KSTP The Minnesota Twins 2007 season... Major league affiliations American League (Since 1901) American League Central (Since 1994) 2007 Uniform Location U.S. Cellular Field (Since 1991) Chicago, Illinois (Since 1900) 2007 Information Owner(s) Jerry Reinsdorf Manager(s) Ozzie Guillén Local Television Comcast SportsNet WGN-TV WCIU-TV Local Radio WSCR The Chicago White... Location Kauffman Stadium (Since 1973) Kansas City, Missouri (Since 1969) 2007 Information Owner(s) David Glass Manager(s) Buddy Bell Local television KMCI Metro Sports FSN Midwest Local radio WHB 810AM KCXM 97. ...

American League West Division

AL West W L Pct. GB
Los Angeles Angels 94 68 .580 --
Seattle Mariners 88 74 .543 6
Oakland Athletics 76 86 .469 18
Texas Rangers 75 87 .463 19

The American League West Division is one of Major League Baseballs six divisions. ... Location Angel Stadium of Anaheim (Since 1966) Anaheim, California (Since 1966) 2007 Information Owner(s) Arte Moreno Manager(s) Mike Scioscia Local television FSN West KCOP (My 13) Local radio KSPN KLAA (Spanish) Stats ESPN.com BB-reference The Los Angeles Angels of Anaheims 2007 season started with the... Major league affiliations American League (Since 1977) Western Division (Since 1977) 2007 Uniform Location Safeco Field (Since 1999) Seattle, Washington (Since 1977) 2007 Information Owner(s) Nintendo of America CEO Howard Lincoln Manager(s) Mike Hargrove Local Television FSN Northwest Local Radio KOMO The Seattle Mariners 2007 season will start... Major league affiliations American League (Since 1901) Western Division (Since 1969) 2007 Uniform Location McAfee Coliseum (Since 1968) Oakland, California (Since 1968) 2007 Information Owner(s) Lewis Wolff Manager(s) Bob Geren Local Television FSN Bay Area Local Radio KYCY KNTS KIFR The Oakland Athletics 2007 season is their first... Major league affiliations American League (Since 1961) Western Division (Since 1972) 2007 Uniform Location Ameriquest Field in Arlington (Since 1994) Arlington, Texas (Since 1972) 2007 Information Owner(s) Tom Hicks Manager(s) Ron Washington Local Television FSN Southwest Local Radio KRLD The Texas Rangers 2007 season will begin with the...

American League Wild Card

AL Wild Card W L Pct. GB
y-New York Yankees 94 68 .580 --
Detroit Tigers 88 74 .543 6
Seattle Mariners 88 74 .543 6
Toronto Blue Jays 83 79 .512 11
Minnesota Twins 79 83 .488 15
Oakland Athletics 76 86 .469 18
Texas Rangers 75 87 .463 19
Chicago White Sox 72 90 .444 22
Baltimore Orioles 69 93 .426 25
Kansas City Royals 69 93 .426 25
Tampa Bay Devil Rays 66 96 .407 28

y-Wild Card team The American League (or formally the American League of Professional Baseball Clubs) is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball in the United States of America and Canada. ... Location Yankee Stadium (Since 1923) New York, New York (Since 1903) 2007 Information Owner(s) George Steinbrenner Manager(s) Joe Torre Local television YES Network WWOR (My 9) Local radio WCBS (AM) WQBU-FM (Spanish) The New York Yankees 2007 season was the Yankees 105th in New York and their... Major league affiliations American League (Since 1901) Central Division (Since 1998) 2007 Uniform Location Comerica Park (Since 2000) Detroit, Michigan (Since 1901) 2007 Information Owner(s) Manager(s) Local Television Local Radio The Detroit Tigers 2007 season will start off with the Tigers trying to win the AL Central Division... Major league affiliations American League (Since 1977) Western Division (Since 1977) 2007 Uniform Location Safeco Field (Since 1999) Seattle, Washington (Since 1977) 2007 Information Owner(s) Nintendo of America CEO Howard Lincoln Manager(s) Mike Hargrove Local Television FSN Northwest Local Radio KOMO The Seattle Mariners 2007 season will start... Major league affiliations American League (Since 1977) Eastern Division (Since 1977) 2007 Uniform Location Rogers Centre (Since 1989) Toronto, Ontario (Since 1977) 2007 Information Owner(s) Manager(s) Local Television Local Radio The Toronto Blue Jays 2007 season will see the Blue Jays trying to improve on their 87 win... Major league affiliations American League (Since 1901) Central Division (Since 1994) 2007 Uniform Location Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome (Since 1982) Minneapolis, Minnesota (Since 1961) 2007 Information Owner(s) Carl Pohlad Manager(s) Ron Gardenhire Local Television FSN North/My29 WFTC Local Radio AM 1500 KSTP The Minnesota Twins 2007 season... Major league affiliations American League (Since 1901) Western Division (Since 1969) 2007 Uniform Location McAfee Coliseum (Since 1968) Oakland, California (Since 1968) 2007 Information Owner(s) Lewis Wolff Manager(s) Bob Geren Local Television FSN Bay Area Local Radio KYCY KNTS KIFR The Oakland Athletics 2007 season is their first... Major league affiliations American League (Since 1961) Western Division (Since 1972) 2007 Uniform Location Ameriquest Field in Arlington (Since 1994) Arlington, Texas (Since 1972) 2007 Information Owner(s) Tom Hicks Manager(s) Ron Washington Local Television FSN Southwest Local Radio KRLD The Texas Rangers 2007 season will begin with the... Major league affiliations American League (Since 1901) American League Central (Since 1994) 2007 Uniform Location U.S. Cellular Field (Since 1991) Chicago, Illinois (Since 1900) 2007 Information Owner(s) Jerry Reinsdorf Manager(s) Ozzie Guillén Local Television Comcast SportsNet WGN-TV WCIU-TV Local Radio WSCR The Chicago White... Location Oriole Park at Camden Yards (Since 1992) Baltimore, Maryland (Since 1954) 2007 Information Owner(s) Peter Angelos Manager(s) Sam Perlozzo (until 06/18) Dave Trembley Local television MASN WJZ-TV (CBS 13) Local radio WHFS The Baltimore Orioles 2007 season will involve the Orioles trying to improve on... Location Kauffman Stadium (Since 1973) Kansas City, Missouri (Since 1969) 2007 Information Owner(s) David Glass Manager(s) Buddy Bell Local television KMCI Metro Sports FSN Midwest Local radio WHB 810AM KCXM 97. ... Major league affiliations American League (Since 1998) Eastern Division (Since 1998) 2007 Uniform Location Tropicana Field (Since 1998) St. ...

National League East Division

NL East W L Pct. GB
Philadelphia Phillies 89 73 .549 --
New York Mets 88 74 .543 1
Atlanta Braves 84 78 .519 5
Washington Nationals 73 89 .451 16
Florida Marlins 71 91 .438 18

The National League Yellow Division is one of Major League Baseballs six divisions. ... Location Citizens Bank Park (Since 2004) Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (Since 1883) 2007 Information Owner(s) Bill Giles Manager(s) Charlie Manuel Local television Comcast Sports Net CN8 WPSG-TV (CW 57) KYW-TV Local radio WPHT 1210 AM WDAS-AM 1480 AM (Spanish) The Philadelphia Phillies 2007 season has started off... Location Shea Stadium (Since 1964) New York, New York (Since 1962) 2007 Information Owner(s) Fred Wilpon Manager(s) Willie Randolph Local television SportsNet New York WPIX (CW 11) Local radio WFAN WADO (Spanish) The New York Mets 2007 season was the 46th regular season for the Mets. ... Location Turner Field (Since 1997) Atlanta, Georgia (Since 1966) 2007 Information Owner(s) Liberty Media John Malone Manager(s) Bobby Cox Local television FSN South SportSouth TBS Local radio WGST WUBL The Atlanta Braves 2007 season began with the Braves attempting to recapture the NL East title, which they relinquished... Major league affiliations National League (Since 1969) Eastern Division (Since 1969) 2007 Uniform Location Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Stadium (Since 2005) Washington, D.C. (Since 2005) 2007 Information Owner(s) Ted Lerner Manager(s) Manny Acta Local Television MASN, WDCA Local Radio WTWP The Washington Nationals 2007 season will begin... Major league affiliations National League (Since 1993) Eastern Division (Since 1993) 2007 Uniform Location Dolphin Stadium (Since 1993) Miami Gardens, Florida (Since 1993) 2007 Information Owner(s) Jeffrey Loria Manager(s) Fredi Gonzalez Local Television FSN Florida Local Radio WQAM The Florida Marlins 2007 season will start with the team...

National League Central Division

NL Central W L Pct. GB
Chicago Cubs 85 77 .525 --
Milwaukee Brewers 83 79 .512 2
St. Louis Cardinals 78 84 .481 7
Houston Astros 73 89 .451 12
Cincinnati Reds 72 90 .444 13
Pittsburgh Pirates 68 94 .420 17

The National League Central Division is one of Major League Baseballs six divisions. ... Location Wrigley Field (Since 1916) Chicago, Illinois (Since 1876) 2007 Information Owner(s) Tribune Company (Final Season) Manager(s) Lou Piniella Local television CSN Chicago Superstation WGN WCIU-TV Local radio WGN (AM) 720 Stats ESPN.com BB-reference The Chicago Cubs 2007 season began with the Cubs trying to... Location Miller Park (Since 2001) Milwaukee, Wisconsin (Since 1970) 2007 Information Owner(s) Mark Attanasio Manager(s) Ned Yost Local television WMLW FSN Wisconsin Local radio 620 WTMJ Stats ESPN.com BB-reference The 2007 Milwaukee Brewers season marked the 25th anniversary of the Milwaukee Brewers winning the American League... Major league affiliations National League (Since 1892) Central Division (Since 1994) 2007 Uniform Location Busch Stadium (Since 2006) St. ... Location Minute Maid Park (Since 2000) Houston, Texas (Since 1962) 2007 Information Owner(s) Drayton McLane, Jr. ... Major league affiliations National League (Since 1890) Central Division (Since 1994) 2007 Uniform Location Great American Ball Park (Since 2003) Cincinnati, Ohio (Since 1876) 2007 Information Owner(s) Manager(s) Local Television Local Radio The Cincinnati Reds 2007 season will start off with the Cincinnati Reds trying to win the... Major league affiliations National League (Since 1887) Central Division (Since 1994) 2007 Uniform Location PNC Park (Since 2001) Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (Since 1882) 2007 Information Owner(s) Robert Nutting/Kevin McClatchy Manager(s) Jim Tracy Local television FSN Pittsburgh Local radio WPGB-FM The Pittsburgh Pirates 2007 season has the Pittsburgh...

National League West Division

NL West W L Pct. GB
Arizona Diamondbacks 90 72 .555 --
y-Colorado Rockies 90 73 .552 ½
San Diego Padres 89 74 .546
Los Angeles Dodgers 82 80 .506 8
San Francisco Giants 71 91 .438 19

y-Wild Card team
In Major League Baseball, the National League Western Division, or NL West, is one of three subdivisions of the National League. ... Location Chase Field (Since 1998) Phoenix, Arizona (Since 1998) 2007 Information Owner(s) Ken Kendrick Jeff Moorad Manager(s) Bob Melvin Local television FSN Arizona KTVK (3TV) Local radio KTAR (620 AM) KSUN (Spanish) Stats ESPN.com BB-reference The Arizona Diamondbacks 2007 season has started with the Diamondbacks attempting... Location Coors Field (Since 1995) Denver, Colorado (Since 1993) 2007 Information Owner(s) Manager(s) Clint Hurdle Local television FSN Rocky Mountain KTVD (My 20) Local radio KOA AM The Colorado Rockies 2007 season started off with the Colorado Rockies trying to improve on their 2006 record and win the... Major league affiliations National League (Since 1969) Western Division (Since 1969) 2007 Uniform Location PETCO Park (Since 2004) San Diego, California (Since 1969) 2007 Information Owner(s) Manager(s) Local Television Local Radio The San Diego Padres 2007 season will be the Padres attempt to win a 3rd consecutive NL... Major league affiliations National League (Since 1890) Western Division (Since 1969) 2007 Uniform Location Dodger Stadium (Since 1962) Los Angeles, California (Since 1958) 2007 Information Owner(s) Frank McCourt Manager(s) Grady Little Local television FSN Prime Ticket KCAL (9) Local radio KFWB KWKW (Spanish) The Los Angeles Dodgers 2007... Major league affiliations National League (Since 1883) National League West (Since 1969) 2007 Uniform Location AT&T Park (Since 2000) San Francisco (Since 1958) 2007 Information Owner(s) Peter Magowan Manager(s) Bruce Bochy Local Television KTVU, FSN Bay Area Local Radio KNBR 680AM The San Francisco Giants 2007 season...


National League Wild Card

NL Wild Card W L Pct. GB
y-Colorado Rockies 90 73 .552 -
San Diego Padres 89 74 .546 1
New York Mets 88 74 .543
Atlanta Braves 84 78 .519
Milwaukee Brewers 83 79 .512
Los Angeles Dodgers 82 80 .506
St. Louis Cardinals 78 84 .481 11½
Washington Nationals 73 89 .451 16½
Houston Astros 73 89 .451 16½
Cincinnati Reds 72 90 .444 17½
San Francisco Giants 71 91 .438 18½
Florida Marlins 71 91 .438 18½
Pittsburgh Pirates 68 94 .420 21½

*Colorado and San Diego played a one-game playoff on October 1 to determine the winner of the National League Wild Card For other uses, see National League (disambiguation). ... Location Coors Field (Since 1995) Denver, Colorado (Since 1993) 2007 Information Owner(s) Manager(s) Clint Hurdle Local television FSN Rocky Mountain KTVD (My 20) Local radio KOA AM The Colorado Rockies 2007 season started off with the Colorado Rockies trying to improve on their 2006 record and win the... Major league affiliations National League (Since 1969) Western Division (Since 1969) 2007 Uniform Location PETCO Park (Since 2004) San Diego, California (Since 1969) 2007 Information Owner(s) Manager(s) Local Television Local Radio The San Diego Padres 2007 season will be the Padres attempt to win a 3rd consecutive NL... Location Shea Stadium (Since 1964) New York, New York (Since 1962) 2007 Information Owner(s) Fred Wilpon Manager(s) Willie Randolph Local television SportsNet New York WPIX (CW 11) Local radio WFAN WADO (Spanish) The New York Mets 2007 season was the 46th regular season for the Mets. ... Location Turner Field (Since 1997) Atlanta, Georgia (Since 1966) 2007 Information Owner(s) Liberty Media John Malone Manager(s) Bobby Cox Local television FSN South SportSouth TBS Local radio WGST WUBL The Atlanta Braves 2007 season began with the Braves attempting to recapture the NL East title, which they relinquished... Location Miller Park (Since 2001) Milwaukee, Wisconsin (Since 1970) 2007 Information Owner(s) Mark Attanasio Manager(s) Ned Yost Local television WMLW FSN Wisconsin Local radio 620 WTMJ Stats ESPN.com BB-reference The 2007 Milwaukee Brewers season marked the 25th anniversary of the Milwaukee Brewers winning the American League... Major league affiliations National League (Since 1890) Western Division (Since 1969) 2007 Uniform Location Dodger Stadium (Since 1962) Los Angeles, California (Since 1958) 2007 Information Owner(s) Frank McCourt Manager(s) Grady Little Local television FSN Prime Ticket KCAL (9) Local radio KFWB KWKW (Spanish) The Los Angeles Dodgers 2007... Major league affiliations National League (Since 1892) Central Division (Since 1994) 2007 Uniform Location Busch Stadium (Since 2006) St. ... Major league affiliations National League (Since 1969) Eastern Division (Since 1969) 2007 Uniform Location Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Stadium (Since 2005) Washington, D.C. (Since 2005) 2007 Information Owner(s) Ted Lerner Manager(s) Manny Acta Local Television MASN, WDCA Local Radio WTWP The Washington Nationals 2007 season will begin... Location Minute Maid Park (Since 2000) Houston, Texas (Since 1962) 2007 Information Owner(s) Drayton McLane, Jr. ... Major league affiliations National League (Since 1890) Central Division (Since 1994) 2007 Uniform Location Great American Ball Park (Since 2003) Cincinnati, Ohio (Since 1876) 2007 Information Owner(s) Manager(s) Local Television Local Radio The Cincinnati Reds 2007 season will start off with the Cincinnati Reds trying to win the... Major league affiliations National League (Since 1883) National League West (Since 1969) 2007 Uniform Location AT&T Park (Since 2000) San Francisco (Since 1958) 2007 Information Owner(s) Peter Magowan Manager(s) Bruce Bochy Local Television KTVU, FSN Bay Area Local Radio KNBR 680AM The San Francisco Giants 2007 season... Major league affiliations National League (Since 1993) Eastern Division (Since 1993) 2007 Uniform Location Dolphin Stadium (Since 1993) Miami Gardens, Florida (Since 1993) 2007 Information Owner(s) Jeffrey Loria Manager(s) Fredi Gonzalez Local Television FSN Florida Local Radio WQAM The Florida Marlins 2007 season will start with the team... Major league affiliations National League (Since 1887) Central Division (Since 1994) 2007 Uniform Location PNC Park (Since 2001) Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (Since 1882) 2007 Information Owner(s) Robert Nutting/Kevin McClatchy Manager(s) Jim Tracy Local television FSN Pittsburgh Local radio WPGB-FM The Pittsburgh Pirates 2007 season has the Pittsburgh... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Major League Baseball uniforms

Official playing ball of the MLB
Official playing ball of the MLB

The official rules of Major League Baseball require that all players on a team wear matching uniforms, although this rule was not in force in the early days. Originally, teams were primarily distinguished by the colors of their stockings and the success of the Cincinnati Red Stockings popularized the adoption of sock color as the explicit identity of the club. The 1876 Chicago White Stockings actually wore caps of different colors. In 1882, the National League assigned stocking colors to the member clubs: red for Boston, white for Chicago, grey for Buffalo, blue for Worcester, gold for Detroit, green for Troy, and so on. That year, the league also assigned jersey and cap colors, but by player position rather than by club. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (3008 × 2000 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (3008 × 2000 pixel, file size: 1. ... Major league affiliations National League (1876–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 10, 14, 23, 26, 42 Name Chicago Cubs (1902–present) Chicago Orphans (1898-1901) Chicago Colts (1890-1897) Chicago White Stockings (1870-1871, 1874-1889) (a. ... Major league affiliations National League (1876–present) East Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 21, 35, 41, 42, 44 Name Atlanta Braves (1966–present) Milwaukee Braves (1953-1965) Boston Braves (1941-1952) Boston Bees (1936-1940) Boston Braves (1912-1935) Boston Rustlers (1911) Boston Doves (1907-1910) Boston...


Traditionally, when playing at home, teams wore uniforms that were mostly white with trim in team colors and when playing away, they wore uniforms that were mostly gray with trim in team colors. Aside from the obvious need to distinguish one team from the other, conventional wisdom held that it was more difficult to properly launder uniforms while on a road trip, thus the "road grays" helped to hide accumulated soil. This convention continued well after its original premise was nullified by the issuance of multiple uniforms and the growth of the laundromat industry. Starting in the 1970s, with the advent of synthetic fabrics, teams began using more color in their uniforms, notably the Kansas City Athletics in 1963, the San Diego Padres unusual brown and yellow scheme beginning in 1969, and the Houston Astros' rainbow stripes in the mid-1970s. In the late 1970s, the Pittsburgh Pirates began a trend of multiple combinations of differently colored jerseys and trousers and caps (with the options of black, yellow, and white with pin stripes). At one point in the 1970s, the Cleveland Indians had an all-red uniform. A laundromat in California powered by solar panels on the roof. ... The Oakland Athletics are a Major League Baseball team based in Oakland, California. ... Major league affiliations National League (1969–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 6, 19, 31, 35, 42 Name San Diego Padres (1969–present) Other nicknames The Pads, The Friars, The Fathers, The Dads Ballpark PETCO Park (2004–present) Qualcomm Stadium (1969-2003) a. ... The Rainbow Guts uniform or the popsicle uniform is a nickname for a series of uniform styles worn by the Houston Astros Major League Baseball club from 1975 to 1993. ... This article is about the baseball team. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 5, 14, 18, 19, 21, 42, 455 Name Cleveland Indians (1915–present) Cleveland Naps (1905-1914) Cleveland Bronchos (1902-1904) Cleveland Blues (1901) Other nicknames The Tribe, The Wahoos Ballpark Jacobs Field (1994–present...


Starting in the 1990s, MLB clubs began heavily marketing licensed goods, such as caps and uniform jerseys to the public and this has resulted in a wide array of uniforms for each team. Now, some teams have not only a basic home uniform and away uniform, but also special "Sunday game" uniforms and uniforms that are worn only during batting practice and uniforms worn on singular events. From time to time, individual MLB teams have held "Turn Back the Clock Day", regularly-scheduled games in which teams donned uniforms in styles their predecessors wore generations earlier (sometimes called "throwback" uniforms), or other antique-style uniforms such as those of Negro League clubs. In addition, in 1999, MLB staged "Turn Ahead the Clock Day," in which teams wore futuristic, somewhat strange-looking uniforms, including futuristic or science fiction references, such as the New York Mets being referred to as the "Mercury Mets." The 5950 is currently the official hat of Major League Baseball. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... Major league affiliations National League (1962–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 14, 37, 41, 42 Name New York Mets (1962–present) Other nicknames The Amazin Mets, The Amazins, The Metropolitans, The Kings of Queens Ballpark Shea Stadium (1964–present) Polo Grounds (1962–1963) Major league... [[Link titleBold text // ]] This article is about the planet. ...


The result is that it is now often difficult to say which uniform is a team's "official" one. For example, the Cincinnati Reds used to wear a variety of caps: all red, red crown and black bill, black crown and red bill, and all black, until 2007, when only the all-red and red crown/black bill was brought back. In contrast from the pre-1990s era, in which there usually was just one home uniform and one road uniform (with certain exceptions, such as Oakland and Pittsburgh's complex combinations), today choices of what combination of uniform elements are worn are now sometimes left up to players. In some cases, aspects of the uniform that are considered official are now rarely worn, such as the New York Mets' all-blue home cap, which is rarely seen on the field today in favor of an "alternate" black-and-blue cap. The New York Yankees, Detroit Tigers, Philadelphia Phillies, St. Louis Cardinals, San Francisco Giants, Los Angeles Dodgers, and Chicago Cubs are the only teams that don't wear alternate uniforms. Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 5, 8, 10, 13, 18, 20, 24, 42 Name Cincinnati Reds (1958–present) Cincinnati Redlegs (1953-1958) Cincinnati Reds (1882-1953) Cincinnati Red Stockings (1876-1882) Other nicknames The Redlegs, The Big Red Machine... Major league affiliations National League (1962–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 14, 37, 41, 42 Name New York Mets (1962–present) Other nicknames The Amazin Mets, The Amazins, The Metropolitans, The Kings of Queens Ballpark Shea Stadium (1964–present) Polo Grounds (1962–1963) Major league...


The official rules state that:

  • All players on a team must wear identical uniforms during a single game.
  • Numbers: All players must wear their uniform numbers on the back of the uniform
  • Undershirt: If the undershirt is exposed then all the players on the team must wear matching ones. Numbers or other devices may be worn on the sleeve of the undershirt (for example, if it is worn with a sleeveless jersey), except that pitchers may not have such devices on their undershirt sleeves.
  • The league office might require that each team have a single uniform for all games or requires that each team have a single, white home uniform and a single, non-white away uniform. With the elimination of the separate American League and National League administrations, it is unknown what the effectiveness of this rule now is.
  • Sleeve length: The rules allow for minor variation in sleeve length, but they must be "approximately the same length" and the sleeves may not be "ragged, frayed or slit."
  • No attachments: Tape or other attachments of non-matching color may not be used on uniforms.
Milwaukee Brewers logo (1978-1993) used apparently in violation of MLB rules (violation was no "pattern that imitates or suggests the shape of a baseball")
  • No images of baseballs: No "pattern that imitates or suggests the shape of a baseball" may be used on uniforms. Notably, in apparent violation of this rule, the Milwaukee Brewers, Florida Marlins and Philadelphia Phillies for many years had logos that incorporated the image of a baseball. However, while the Philadelphia cap logo clearly depicted the baseball, the logo worn on the uniform jersey did not feature the image of the stylized stitching indicating the image of a baseball. The Brewers logo made a comeback in 2006 on the hats of the Brewers' Sunday home uniforms and is now the Brewers' Friday home uniform. Also, many teams such as the Giants, Nationals, Rangers and the Mariners use uniform logos that clearly depict a baseball, so it may be that the rule is not enforced, at least for caps. (The purpose of this rule is to prevent one team from deceiving the other. The National Football League has a similar rule, which states that no pattern that imitates or suggests the shape of a football).
  • No glass buttons or polished metal
  • No commercial advertisements on uniforms. This rule is in variance with other professional sports, such as the Arena Football League in the United States, but especially outside the US (notably soccer), in which it is customary for uniforms to prominently display the logo of a sponsoring company. However, when the New York Yankees and Tampa Bay Devil Rays opened the season in Japan in 2004, an ad for Ricoh was clearly visible on the batters' helmets.
  • Names: "A league may provide that the uniforms of its member teams include the names of its players on their backs. Any name other than the last name of the player must be approved by the League President. If adopted, all uniforms for a team must have the names of its players." Again, with the elimination of separate administrations for the American and National leagues, it is unknown what the provenance of this rule is. (Currently, Ichiro Suzuki of the Seattle Mariners is the only player to have his given name rather than his family name displayed on the back his uniform. Vida Blue also used his first name on the back of his uniform when he played for the San Francisco Giants in the mid-1980s). As of 2007, the New York Yankees, Boston Red Sox and San Francisco Giants do not display their players' names on their home uniforms; the Yankees also do not display them on their road uniforms. The New York Mets used alternate home uniforms without last names for the 1999 season. The names were returned the next season. The Chicago Cubs did not have names on their home or alternate jerseys for the 2005 and 2006 seasons. The names are now back on both jerseys. The Los Angeles Dodgers did not have names on the back of their home and road jerseys for the 2005 and 2006 seasons. Names have returned on both jerseys for 2007.

Another apparent violation of the concept of a "uniform" is that some players on a team will wear the traditional knee-breeches or "knickers" while other teammates are wearing the more-recent ankle-length, closely-cut trousers. Many clubs do this at both major and minor league level, with no apparent objections. Image File history File links Brewers1978logo. ... Image File history File links Brewers1978logo. ... Major league affiliations National League (1998–present) Central Division (1998–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 4, 19, 34, 42, 44 Name Milwaukee Brewers (1970–present) Seattle Pilots (1969) Other nicknames True Blue Brew Crew, The Brew Crew, The Crew, Beermakers Ballpark Miller Park (2001–present) County Stadium (1970–2000) Sick... Major league affiliations National League (1993–present) East Division (1993–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 5, 42 Name Florida Marlins (1993–present) Other nicknames The Fish Ballpark Dolphin Stadium (1993–present) a. ... Major league affiliations National League (1883–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 14, 20, 32, 36, 42 Name Philadelphia Phillies (1884–present) Philadelphia Quakers (1883-1889) (Also referred to as Blue Jays 1943-1945 despite formal name remaining Phillies) Other nicknames The Phils, The Phightin Phils... NFL redirects here. ... The Arena Football League (AFL) was founded in 1987 as an American football indoor league. ... Soccer redirects here. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 23, 32, 37, 44, 49 Name New York Yankees (1913–present) New York Highlanders (1903-1912) Baltimore Orioles (1901-1902) (Also referred to as... Major league affiliations American League (1998–present) East Division (1998–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 12, 42 Name Tampa Bay Devil Rays (1998–present) Other nicknames The D-Rays, The Rays Ballpark Tropicana Field (1998–present) Major league titles World Series titles (0) none AL Pennants (0) none Division titles... Ricoh Company, Ltd. ... Ichiro Suzuki ), often known simply as Ichiro ), is a Japanese outfielder for the Seattle Mariners Major League Baseball team. ... Major league affiliations American League (1977–present) West Division (1977–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 42 Name Seattle Mariners (1977–present) Other nicknames The Ms Ballpark Safeco Field (1999–present) King County Domed Stadium (Kingdome) (1977-1999) Major league titles World Series titles (0) none AL Pennants (0) None... Vida Rochelle Blue Jr. ... Major league affiliations National League (1883–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers NY, NY, 3, 4, 11, 24, 27, 30, 36, 42, 44 Name San Francisco Giants (1958–present) New York Giants (1885–1957) New York Gothams (1883–1885) Other nicknames Jints, Gigantes, G-Men Ballpark AT... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 23, 32, 37, 44, 49 Name New York Yankees (1913–present) New York Highlanders (1903-1912) Baltimore Orioles (1901-1902) (Also referred to as... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 4, 8, 9, 27, 42 Name Boston Red Sox (1908–present) Boston Americans (1901-1907) Other nicknames The BoSox, The Olde Towne Team, The Sox Ballpark Fenway Park (1912–present) Huntington Avenue Baseball Grounds... Major league affiliations National League (1883–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers NY, NY, 3, 4, 11, 24, 27, 30, 36, 42, 44 Name San Francisco Giants (1958–present) New York Giants (1885–1957) New York Gothams (1883–1885) Other nicknames Jints, Gigantes, G-Men Ballpark AT... Major league affiliations National League (1962–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 14, 37, 41, 42 Name New York Mets (1962–present) Other nicknames The Amazin Mets, The Amazins, The Metropolitans, The Kings of Queens Ballpark Shea Stadium (1964–present) Polo Grounds (1962–1963) Major league... Major league affiliations National League (1876–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 10, 14, 23, 26, 42 Name Chicago Cubs (1902–present) Chicago Orphans (1898-1901) Chicago Colts (1890-1897) Chicago White Stockings (1870-1871, 1874-1889) (a. ...


On game days that do not require a special uniform (either by team or MLB request) it is generally (but not always) the starting pitcher for a team that chooses the uniform to be worn for that day's game.


In his comedy routine "Baseball & Football," George Carlin observes that in baseball, as compared to football, the manager is required to wear the same uniform the players do. However, this was actually not true in the early years of the game. Player-managers were common, but non-playing managers whose realm was strictly the dugout often wore business suits, a common occurrence at the time. Retired players who became managers were more likely to continue to wear a baseball uniform (John McGraw, for example), especially if they were also active on the coaching lines; managers often doubled as third-base coach. By the late 1940s, nearly all managers were wearing baseball uniforms. Connie Mack was the last major league manager to wear a suit in the dugout until his retirement in the early 1950s; however, in contrast to the uniform-wearing managers, Mack rarely if ever stepped onto the field during a game; instead he sent uniformed coaches onto the field when a managerial presence outside the dugout was required. George Denis Patrick Carlin[15] (born May 12, 1937) is a Grammy-winning American stand-up comedian, actor, and author. ... Observational comedy is a brand of humor based on making remarks about various facets of daily life. ... New York Yankees manager Joe Torre returning to the dugout (September 2005) In baseball, the head coach of a team is called the manager (or more formally, the field manager); this individual controls matters of team batting order to more closely communicate with baserunners, but most managers delegate this responsibility... John Joseph McGraw (April 7, 1873–February 25, 1934), nicknamed Little Napoleon and Muggsy, was a Major League Baseball player and manager. ... Connie Mack baseball card, 1910 Cornelius Alexander Mack (December 22, 1862 – February 8, 1956), born Cornelius Alexander McGillicuddy, was an American professional baseball player, manager, and team owner. ...


All-Star Game

Early July marks the midway point of the season, during which a three day break is taken when the Major League Baseball All-Star Game is staged. The All-Star game pits players from the NL, headed up by the manager of the previous NL World Series team, against players from the AL, similarly managed, in an exhibition game. The 2002 contest ended in an 11-inning tie because both teams were out of pitchers, a result which proved highly unpopular with the fans. As a result, for a two-year trial in 2003 and 2004, the league which won the game received the benefit of home-field advantage in the World Series (four of the seven games taking place at their home park). That practice has since been extended indefinitely, since it has become popular with fans. The practice has upset purists over the previous format of the two leagues alternating home-field advantage for the World Series. The Boston Red Sox and Chicago White Sox took some advantage of the rule in 2004 and 2005 respectively, as each team started the Series with two home victories, giving them good momentum for a sweep. However, the rule did not help the Yankees in 2003, as they lost the Series to Florida in 6 games, or the Detroit Tigers in 2006, as they lost to the St. Louis Cardinals in 5 games. The Major League Baseball All-Star Game, also popularly known as the Midsummer Classic, is an annual baseball game between players from the National League and the American League, currently selected by fan vote for the starting position players and by the respective managers (from the previous years World... For other events named World Series, see World Series (disambiguation). ...


Since 1970, the eight position players for each team who take the field initially have been voted into the game by fans; MLB and Gillette entered into an agreement wherein fans would vote on pre-printed punch cards for their choices, with a spot reserved for write-in votes (indeed, that first year, Atlanta outfielder Rico Carty, who led the National League in batting average, was voted into the starting lineup as a write-in candidate). The fan voting had been cancelled since 1957 as a result of the Cincinnati ballot-box-stuffing scandal (a local newspaper had printed pre-voted ballots for fans to send in, resulting in seven of the eight positions going to Cincinnati players). The league overruled the vote, adding St. Louis' Stan Musial and Milwaukee's Henry Aaron to the team, and fan voting was eliminated until the 1970 season. In more recent years, internet voting has been allowed.


The remaining position players and all of the pitchers on each league's roster were, for a large number of years, solely at the discretion of that team's manager. In 2004, however, MLB instituted a system where some reserves and pitchers were selected by a vote of MLB players, and some were selected by the manager after consulting with the Commissioner's Office. Each person is allowed to vote 25 times. By MLB regulation, every team in the majors must have at least one designated all-star player, regardless of voting. This rule exists so that fans of every team have a player to watch for in the All-Star Game.


Post-season

Total World Series Championships
Rank Team Titles
1st New York Yankees 26
2nd St. Louis Cardinals 10
3rd Oakland Athletics 9
4th Boston Red Sox 7
5th Los Angeles Dodgers 6
T-6th Cincinnati Reds 5
T-6th Pittsburgh Pirates 5
T-6th San Francisco Giants 5
9th Detroit Tigers 4
T-10th Atlanta Braves 3
T-10th Baltimore Orioles 3
T-10th Chicago White Sox 3
T-10th Minnesota Twins 3
T-14th Toronto Blue Jays 2
T-14th New York Mets 2
T-14th Cleveland Indians 2
T-14th Florida Marlins 2
T-14th Chicago Cubs 2
T-19th Arizona Diamondbacks 1
T-19th Kansas City Royals 1
T-19th Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim 1
T-19th Philadelphia Phillies 1
Further information:
World Series

When the regular season ends after the first Sunday in October (or the last Sunday in September), eight teams enter the post-season playoffs. Six teams are division champions; the remaining two "wild-card" spots are filled by the team in each league that has the best record but is not a division champion (best second-place team). Three rounds of series of games are played to determine the champion: Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 23, 32, 37, 44, 49 Name New York Yankees (1913–present) New York Highlanders (1903-1912) Baltimore Orioles (1901-1902) (Also referred to as... Major league affiliations National League (1892–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 2, 6, 9, 14, 17, 20, 42, 42, 45, 85 Name St. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 9, 27, 34, 42, 43, (As) Name Oakland Athletics (1968–present) Kansas City Athletics (1955-1967) Philadelphia Athletics (1901-1954) (Referred to as As) Other nicknames The As, The White Elephants, The... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 4, 8, 9, 27, 42 Name Boston Red Sox (1908–present) Boston Americans (1901-1907) Other nicknames The BoSox, The Olde Towne Team, The Sox Ballpark Fenway Park (1912–present) Huntington Avenue Baseball Grounds... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 2, 4, 19, 20, 24, 32, 39, 42, 53 Name Los Angeles Dodgers (1958–present) Brooklyn Dodgers (1932-1957) Brooklyn Robins (1914-1931) Brooklyn Dodgers (1913) Brooklyn Trolley Dodgers (1911-1912) Brooklyn Superbas (1899... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 5, 8, 10, 13, 18, 20, 24, 42 Name Cincinnati Reds (1958–present) Cincinnati Redlegs (1953-1958) Cincinnati Reds (1882-1953) Cincinnati Red Stockings (1876-1882) Other nicknames The Redlegs, The Big Red Machine... This article is about the baseball team. ... Major league affiliations National League (1883–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers NY, NY, 3, 4, 11, 24, 27, 30, 36, 42, 44 Name San Francisco Giants (1958–present) New York Giants (1885–1957) New York Gothams (1883–1885) Other nicknames Jints, Gigantes, G-Men Ballpark AT... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1998–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 2, 5, 6, 16, 23, 42, Cobb Name Detroit Tigers (1901–present) Other nicknames The Motor City Kitties, The Bengals, The Tigs, The Bless You Boys Ballpark Comerica Park (2000–present) Tiger Stadium (1912-1999... Major league affiliations National League (1876–present) East Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 21, 35, 41, 42, 44 Name Atlanta Braves (1966–present) Milwaukee Braves (1953-1965) Boston Braves (1941-1952) Boston Bees (1936-1940) Boston Braves (1912-1935) Boston Rustlers (1911) Boston Doves (1907-1910) Boston... This article is about the contemporary American major league baseball team. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 2, 3, 4, 9, 11, 16, 19, 42, 72, Name Chicago White Sox (1904–present) Other nicknames The Sox, The South Siders, The ChiSox, The Pale Hose, The Good Guys, The Go-Go Sox, The... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 6, 14, 29, 34, 42 Name Minnesota Twins (1961–present) Washington Nationals/Senators (1901-1960) Other nicknames The Twinkies Ballpark Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome 1982-present Metropolitan Stadium (1961-1981) Griffith Stadium (1911-1960... Major league affiliations American League (1977–present) East Division (1977–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 42 Name Toronto Blue Jays (1977–present) Other nicknames The Jays Ballpark Rogers Centre (1989–present) a. ... Major league affiliations National League (1962–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 14, 37, 41, 42 Name New York Mets (1962–present) Other nicknames The Amazin Mets, The Amazins, The Metropolitans, The Kings of Queens Ballpark Shea Stadium (1964–present) Polo Grounds (1962–1963) Major league... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 5, 14, 18, 19, 21, 42, 455 Name Cleveland Indians (1915–present) Cleveland Naps (1905-1914) Cleveland Bronchos (1902-1904) Cleveland Blues (1901) Other nicknames The Tribe, The Wahoos Ballpark Jacobs Field (1994–present... Major league affiliations National League (1993–present) East Division (1993–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 5, 42 Name Florida Marlins (1993–present) Other nicknames The Fish Ballpark Dolphin Stadium (1993–present) a. ... Major league affiliations National League (1876–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 10, 14, 23, 26, 42 Name Chicago Cubs (1902–present) Chicago Orphans (1898-1901) Chicago Colts (1890-1897) Chicago White Stockings (1870-1871, 1874-1889) (a. ... Major league affiliations National League (1998–present) West Division (1998–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 42 Name Arizona Diamondbacks (1998–present) Other nicknames The D-backs, The Snakes Ballpark Chase Field (1998–present) a. ... Major league affiliations American League (1969–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 5, 10, 20, 42 Name Kansas City Royals (1969–present) Other nicknames The Boys in Blue Ballpark Kauffman Stadium (1973–present) a. ... Major league affiliations American League (1961–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 11, 26, 29, 30, 42, 50 Name Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim (2005–present) Anaheim Angels (1997-2004) California Angels (1965-1996) Los Angeles Angels (1961-1965) Other nicknames The Halos, The Wings, The Seraphs... Major league affiliations National League (1883–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 14, 20, 32, 36, 42 Name Philadelphia Phillies (1884–present) Philadelphia Quakers (1883-1889) (Also referred to as Blue Jays 1943-1945 despite formal name remaining Phillies) Other nicknames The Phils, The Phightin Phils... For other events named World Series, see World Series (disambiguation). ...

  1. American League Division Series and National League Division Series, each a best-of-five game series;
  2. American League Championship Series and National League Championship Series, each a best-of-seven game series played between the surviving teams from the ALDS and NLDS; and
  3. World Series, a best-of-seven game series played between the champions of each league.

The division winners are seeded 1-3 based on record. The wild-card team is the 4 seed, regardless of its record. The matchup for the first round of the playoffs is usually 1 seed vs. 4 seed and 2 seed vs. 3 seed, unless the wild-card team is from the same division as the 1 seed, in which case the matchup is 1 seed vs. 3 seed and 2 seed vs. 4 seed, as teams from the same division cannot meet in the 1st round. In the first and second round of the playoffs, the better seeded team has home-field advantage, regardless of record. In Major League Baseball, the American League Division Series (ALDS) determines which two teams from the American League will advance to the American League Championship Series. ... In Major League Baseball, the National League Division Series (NLDS) determine which two teams from the National League will advance to the National League Championship Series. ... ALCS redirects here. ... In Major League Baseball, the National League Championship Series (NLCS) determines who wins the National League pennant and advances to baseballs championship, the World Series, facing the winner of the American League Championship Series. ... For other events named World Series, see World Series (disambiguation). ...


In the event of a tie in the standings at the close of the regular season, league rules provide for a one-game playoff (with the home field determined by head-to-head record) to determine which of two teams participate in the Division Series. If three teams are involved in a tie, a two-game playoff may be played. If two teams are tied, but a tiebreaker would result in both participating in the Division Series anyway (due to one being division champion and the other being wild card), then no playoff is played and seedings are determined by head-to-head record.


The team belonging to the league that won the mid-season All-Star Game receives home-field advantage in the World Series.


Stadiums

Unlike some other sports, the exact dimensions of a baseball stadium, other than the configuration of the infield, is not strictly uniform. Baseball parks, therefore, affect both the general ambience as well as the play of the game itself to a greater degree than with any other major sport. Certain parks, such as Wrigley Field, Fenway Park and the newer Oriole Park at Camden Yards are known for their nostalgic aura. Certain parks with deeper dimensions and prevailing wind patterns blowing toward home plate favor pitchers, while smaller parks or parks with prevailing winds blowing out to left field favor batters. Asymmetrical dimensions in some parks may affect fielding, batting and strategy. Some parks are known for short home runs near the foul poles, others for allowing long-hit balls to center field to be caught for outs. Some, the most extreme example being the old Polo Grounds in upper Manhattan, were known for both. The following is a list of current and former Major League Baseball stadiums. ... For the former ballpark in Los Angeles, see Wrigley Field (Los Angeles). ... Fenway redirects here. ... Oriole Park at Camden Yards is a baseball stadium located in Baltimore, Maryland, which was completed in 1992 to replace the aging Memorial Stadium. ... The Polo Grounds was the name given to four different stadiums in Manhattan, New York City used by baseballs New York Giants from 1883 until 1957, New York Metropolitans from 1883 until 1885, the New York Yankees from 1912 until 1922, and by the New York Mets in their... For other uses, see Manhattan (disambiguation). ...


Professional baseball in the United States began in the mid-19th century when entrepreneurs and baseball enthusiasts found that people will pay to watch the game played at a high level, requiring the construction of stadiums with grandstands to control attendance. For most of the 19th century, baseball stadiums were generally wooden grandstands constructed quickly over the course of a single offseason. Parks were generally fully owned by the club or the club's owner and investors. As such, they were built not directly within the central business district of a city, but generally a few miles outside of it where land was cheaper and more plentiful. Being an era before strict building codes, stringent liability and emphasis on safety, fires and disasters associated with these stadiums happened frequently.


Philadelphia's Baker Bowl was rebuilt after such a fire in 1895 as the first baseball park constructed primarily of steel and concrete rather than wood, spurring a construction boom within MLB. By 1915, the 16 teams then existing all played in steel and concrete stadiums known today as the Jewel Box stadiums, and, with few exceptions, would remain in them until the last half of the 20th century. Two Jewel Boxes, Fenway Park and Wrigley Field, are still in use today substantially as they were originally built. The last Jewel Box to be built, 1923's Yankee Stadium, was completely reconstructed in the mid-1970s but remains classified as a Jewel Box by most students of baseball history as its general appearance was not substantially changed other than that necessary for modernization. Jewel Boxes were without exception asymmetrical parks, usually built within the confines of a city block or two in a residential neighborhood a few miles from the city center. Since Jewel Boxes (except for Yankee Stadium) were built during the dead-ball era, most originally featured deep fences and emphasized speed rather than power.[citation needed] As the home run became more central to strategy after 1920, most teams pulled fences in to accommodate the power game and its growing popularity with fans over the next several decades. Baker Bowl was the popular name of a baseball park that formerly stood in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Jewel Box is a term sometimes used in reference to the group of Major League Baseball parks built (or re-built) after the wooden ballpark era and before the modern multipurpose stadium era, during about 1908-1923. ... This is about the stadium the New York Yankees currently play in. ... Ebbets Field in 1913 The dead-ball era is a baseball term used to describe the period between 1900 (though some date it to the beginning of baseball) and the emergence of Babe Ruth as a power hitter in 1920. ... Homerun redirects here. ...


Government officials began to realize the value of professional sports and built stadiums throughout the 20th century which would be leased to a team. The first such stadium was the massive Cleveland Stadium which began MLB use in 1932. It was also the first park built within the central business district of its home city. More importantly, Cleveland Stadium was the first multi-purpose stadium, built with American football as well as baseball in mind. Cleveland Stadium under construction in 1931 Cleveland Stadium (also known as Lakefront Stadium, Cleveland Municipal Stadium, and The Mistake By The Lake) was a baseball and American football stadium located in Cleveland, Ohio. ...


In the 1960s and 1970s, virtually all new parks built were multipurpose stadiums whose design was a compromise between the needs of baseball and those of football, with the result of not being ideal for either. The first indoor MLB stadium, the Astrodome, was opened in Houston in 1965 with a semitransparent roof and a grass field. The glare off of the roof made fielding fly balls nearly impossible and the roof was quickly painted and a new synthetic surface, Astroturf, was installed to replace the grass, which wilted without sunlight. Stadium officials nationwide, both at domed and open-air facilities, enjoyed the maintenance benefits of synthetic turf, even as athletes complained about its unnatural, play-affecting and injury-causing properties. As the once-upscale neighborhoods around the old Jewel Box stadiums began to decay, their replacements were generally multipurpose stadiums built in both suburban locations and the central business district. Most of the '60s and '70s multipurpose stadiums shared similar looks and features and are referred to pejoratively as cookie cutter stadiums. Few baseball-specific stadiums were built in this era, but those that were have outlived their multipurpose brethren. The Reliant Astrodome, formerly just the Astrodome, is a domed sports stadium in Houston, Texas, and is part of the Reliant Park complex. ... Houston redirects here. ... This article is about artificial grass. ... RFK Stadium in Washington, D.C., a typical cookie cutter stadium. ...


The SkyDome (now Rogers Centre) opened in Toronto for the 1989 season and featured the first working retractable roof, allowing play no matter what weather conditions existed as in a dome but also allowing for open-air baseball in fair weather. A retractable roof has since become preferred over pure domed stadiums for those locations where weather cancellations are common, since most players, fans and officials prefer the game to be played outdoors. Rogers Centre, formerly known as SkyDome,[2] is a multi-purpose stadium in Toronto, Ontario, situated next to the CN Tower near the shores of Lake Ontario. ...


Most of the multipurpose-era parks, despite their modern conveniences, were almost universally criticized for being "sterile." The perception of new parks lacking charm changed radically with the 1992 opening and resounding success of the retro-styled Oriole Park at Camden Yards in Baltimore. Soon, almost all new parks were designed similarly as baseball-specific parks built in similar appearance and function to Jewel Box parks but with modern revenue-enhancing features such as additional luxury boxes and improved concessions and facilities. Most of these new parks are built in a central business district, reversing the suburban trend begun in the 1960s. Unlike many of the Jewel Boxes, most modern MLB parks feature shorter fences near the corners, [citation needed] allowing for more home runs and decreasing the importance of offensive speed.


The building of new stadiums can be controversial, with factors such as cost, tax breaks, and public subsidies playing roles in the debate. Some owners have also been accused of threatening to move to other cities if their demands for a more modern stadium at government expense are not met.


MLB steroid policy

Over most of the course of Major League Baseball, steroid testing was never a major issue. However, after the BALCO steroid scandal, which involved allegations that top baseball players had used illegal performance-enhancing drugs, Major League Baseball finally decided to issue harsher penalties for steroid users. The policy, which was accepted by Major League Baseball players and owners, was issued at the start of the 2005 season and went as follows: The Bay Area Laboratory Co-operative (BALCO) is a controversial sports nutrition center in Burlingame, California, USA. The company achieved fame due to a long investigation in accusations that the lab provided anabolic steroids and other banned performance enhancing drugs to athletes, many famous. ... Crystal structure of human sex hormone-binding globulin, transporting 5-alpha-dihydrotestosterone. ...


A first positive test resulted in a suspension of 10 games, a second positive test resulted in a suspension of 30 games, the third positive test resulted in a suspension of 60 games, the fourth positive test resulted in a suspension of one full year, and a fifth positive test resulted in a penalty at the commissioner’s discretion. Players were tested at least once per year, with the chance that several players could be tested many times per year. (See: List of Major League Baseball players suspended for steroids) Major League Baseball announced a new steroid policy which included random, offseason testing and 10-day suspensions for first-time offenders, 30-days for second-time offenders, 60-days for third-time offenders, and one year for fourth-time offenders. ...


This program replaced the previous steroid testing program under which, for example, no player was even suspended in 2004. Under the old policy, which was established in 2002, a first-time offense would only result in treatment for the player, and the player would not even be named. The 2005 agreement changed this rule so that first-time offenders were named and suspended.


In November 2005, MLB owners and players approved even tougher penalties for positive tests than the ones in place during the 2005 season. Under the new rules, a first positive test would result in a 50-game suspension, a second positive test would result in a 100-game suspension, and a third positive test would result in a lifetime suspension from MLB.


These new penalties are much harsher than the previous ones. The new steroid policy finally brings MLB closer in line with international rules, as well as with the NFL, which has long taken a tough stance on those caught using steroids. NFL logo For other uses of the abbreviation NFL, see NFL (disambiguation). ...


MLB's previous reluctance to take a hard line on drugs (as many other sports featured far stricter testing and penalties) was widely seen as one of the main reasons why baseball has been dropped from the Olympics, effective in 2012. The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ... London 2012 redirects here. ...


On March 30, 2006, Bud Selig launched an investigation on the alleged steroid use by players such as Barry Bonds, Jason Giambi, Mark McGwire and Gary Sheffield as the weight of books like Game of Shadows emerged. The inquiry into steroids' use in baseball is expected to go back no further than 2002, when the MLB started testing players for performance-enhancing drugs. is the 89th day of the year (90th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Allan Huber Bud Selig, Jr. ... Barry Lamar Bonds (born July 24, 1964 in Riverside, California) is currently a left fielder for the San Francisco Giants of Major League Baseball. ... Jason Gilbert Giambi (born January 8, 1971) is a Major League Baseball player who is the 1st baseman and designated hitter for the New York Yankees. ... Mark David McGwire (born October 1, 1963 in Pomona, California) is a former professional baseball player who played the majority of his major league career with the Oakland Athletics before finishing his career with the St. ... For other persons named Gary Sheffield, see Gary Sheffield (disambiguation). ... Game of Shadows is a book published on March 23, 2006 and was written by Mark Fainaru-Wada and Lance Williams, reporters for the San Francisco Chronicle. ...


Major League race and origin

At the start of the 2006 season, there were 744 players on opening rosters, of which were:

At the start of the 2007 season, there were 750 players on opening rosters, of which were: For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... The term white American (often used interchangeably and incorrectly with Caucasian American[2] and within the United States simply white[3]) is an umbrella term that refers to people of European descent residing in the United States. ... Hispanic Americans (Spanish: Hispano Americano) are Americans of Hispanic ethnicity who largely identify themselves with the Hispanic cultural heritage. ... For the Brazilian pop singer, see Latino (singer). ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ...

For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... The term white American (often used interchangeably and incorrectly with Caucasian American[2] and within the United States simply white[3]) is an umbrella term that refers to people of European descent residing in the United States. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... Hispanic Americans (Spanish: Hispano Americano) are Americans of Hispanic ethnicity who largely identify themselves with the Hispanic cultural heritage. ... For the Brazilian pop singer, see Latino (singer). ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ...

MLB blackout policy

MLB Blackout map
MLB Blackout map

Major League Baseball has several blackout rules. Games are blacked out based on two criteria: Image File history File links Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3300 × 2550 pixel, file size: 208 KB, MIME type: image/png) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3300 × 2550 pixel, file size: 208 KB, MIME type: image/png) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ...

  • A local broadcaster has priority to televise games from the team in their market over national broadcasters. For example, TBS shows many Atlanta Braves games nationally and internationally in Canada. Fox Sports Net (FSN) also shows many games in other areas. If the Braves play a team that FSN or another local broadcaster shows, the local station has the rights for their own local market, TBS will be blacked out for the duration of the game for everyone in the zip code of the market of the team playing against the Braves. A market that has a local team playing in a weekday ESPN or ESPN2 game and is shown on a local station will see ESPNEWS, or, in the past, another game scheduled on ESPN or ESPN2 at the same time (if ESPN or ESPN2 operates a regional coverage broadcasting and operates a game choice), or will be subject to an alternative programming feed. MLB's streaming internet video service is also subject to the same blackout rules.
  • FOX has certain rights for afternoon MLB games on Saturdays, and ESPN has the same rights for night games on Sundays. Broadcasters cannot show games of in-market teams regardless of if the game is home or away if the game of the local team has a certain start time (usually there are no other games scheduled at these times). This, at least theoretically, is to make people watch the out of market game on ESPN or FOX. The reasoning is that since people will not be able to watch their favorite team, they may be willing to settle for some baseball, even if it involves teams they are not as excited about. This results in higher ratings for the national broadcaster by pulling baseball fans away from watching their own team. Many baseball fans feel this practice is unfair.

All of the Continental United States, except for some small, remote, isolated patches, are within at least one team's blackout territory. Some areas may lie within the territories of two or more. As the accompanying map shows, teams generally have exclusive territorial rights only over their home cities' immediate area, but even then there are exceptions; for example all of Texas, including the Houston metropolitan area as well as the Dallas/Ft. Worth Metroplex, as well as the entire state of Louisiana, is within both the Astros' and Rangers' blackout areas. Outside of the immediate area, several teams may exercise blackout rights within the same territory. The entire state of Iowa, for example, is within the blackout areas of the Cubs, White Sox, Brewers, Twins, Cardinals and Royals. Southern Nevada likewise lies within six MLB teams' territories. Areas of far western Kansas, although being closer to Denver than Kansas City, is still included in the blackout territory for the Royals, and not the Rockies. TBS also stands for Tokyo Broadcasting System, a Japanese television network. ... Major league affiliations National League (1876–present) East Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 21, 35, 41, 42, 44 Name Atlanta Braves (1966–present) Milwaukee Braves (1953-1965) Boston Braves (1941-1952) Boston Bees (1936-1940) Boston Braves (1912-1935) Boston Rustlers (1911) Boston Doves (1907-1910) Boston... Fox Sports Net headquarters in Los Angeles. ... ESPN, formerly an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network, is an American cable television network dedicated to broadcasting and producing sports-related programming 24 hours a day. ... ESPN2 debuted on October 1, 1993, as a sister station of ESPN. Nicknamed the deuce, ESPN2 was to be branded as a network for a younger generation of sports fans featuring edgier graphics as well as extreme sports like motocross, snowboarding, and BMX racing. ... ESPNEWS (word origin: grammatical blend of ESPN and news), launched on November 1, 1996, is a 24-hour-a-day sports news television channel produced by the sports network ESPN. It airs news, highlights, press conferences, and commentary by analysts all in relation to sports. ... FOX redirects here. ... ESPN, formerly an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network, is an American cable television network dedicated to broadcasting and producing sports-related programming 24 hours a day. ... The continental United States is a term referring to the United States situated on the North American continent. ... Houston redirects here. ... The Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington metropolitan area, a title designated by the U.S. Census as of 2003, encompasses 12 counties within the U.S. state of Texas. ... Official language(s) English Capital Des Moines Largest city Des Moines Largest metro area Des Moines metropolitan area Area  Ranked 26th  - Total 56,272 sq mi (145,743 km²)  - Width 310 miles (500 km)  - Length 199 miles (320 km)  - % water 0. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Nevada. ... Nickname: Location of Denver in Colorado Location of Colorado in the United States Coordinates: , Country State Founded [1] November 22, 1858 Incorporated November 7, 1861 Government  - Type Strong Mayor/Weak Council  - Mayor John Hickenlooper (D) Area [1]  - City & County  154. ...

Canadian Blackout map. Click to read legend.

The Toronto Blue Jays' blackout territory includes all of Canada. However, they must share British Columbia and Alberta with the Seattle Mariners, Saskatchewan and Manitoba with the Minnesota Twins, and New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island with the Boston Red Sox. In the past, the province of Quebec was not included in Toronto's territory, as it belonged to the Montreal Expos exclusively. Toronto and Montreal shared all territory outside of Ontario and Quebec, along with the aforementioned exceptions. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Motto: Splendor sine occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Steven Point Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 36 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th Total 944... For other uses, see Alberta (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... Motto: Gloriosus et Liber (Latin: Glorious and free) Capital Winnipeg Largest city Winnipeg Official languages English French (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor John Harvard Premier Gary Doer (NDP) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 14 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 15, 1870 (5th) Area  Ranked 8th Total 647,797... This article is about the Canadian province. ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Regional Municipality Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 11 Senate seats 10 Confederation July 1, 1867... This article is about the Canadian province. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... The Montreal Expos (French: Les Expos de Montréal) were a Major League Baseball team located in Montreal, Quebec, Canada from 1969 until 2004. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor David C. Onley Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 107 Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area...


Consumer devices that enable television subscribers to transmit their home television feed outside their host area to a remote location over the internet, a practice called placeshifting, have drawn the ire of MLB. MLB's position is that subscribers who wish to watch MLB telecasts while traveling either settle for the local telecasts available or subscribe to MLB's own broadcasts for an additional fee. Consumer advocates insist the practice is legal, since the remoted content is already purchased and is merely placeshifted by the subscriber; they claim MLB is asking fans to pay twice for the same content. MLB counters that travelers utilizing placeshifting technology are undercutting the blackout rights MLB grants to local and national broadcasters, as well as MLB's own internet service. [3]


Radio blackouts

In MLB there are no radio blackouts, although ESPN Radio has exclusive rights to the World Series and only the flagship stations of the two participating ballclubs can originate coverage, though their broadcasts are also available on XM Satellite Radio. All other network affiliates of the two clubs must carry the ESPN Radio feed, and they may not even be able to do so if they compete with an ESPN Radio affiliate in the same market. The two flagships must broadcast ESPN Radio national commercials (though they can run live commercial reads during broadcasts and sell ads during typically extended pre/post-game shows). In broadcasting, a flagship station is the broadcast station which originates a broadcast network, or a particular radio show or TV show. ... “XM” redirects here. ...


Additionally, radio stations (including flagships) may not include MLB games in the live Internet streams of their station programming. (MLB makes its own streams of the team networks available for a fee.) Some stations will replace the game with a recorded message explaining why the game cannot be heard on their stream. Others will simply stream the station's regularly scheduled programming that is being preempted by the game. Streaming media is multimedia that is continuously received by, and normally displayed to, the end-user while it is being delivered by the provider. ...


References

  • MLB Owners, Players Reach Deal on Steroid Testing
  • Baseball Officials Announce Tougher Steroids Policy
  • MLB Steroid Policy Outlined

National broadcasts

Major League Baseball is in the transition to a new set of television contracts. The league has three current broadcast partners for the 2007 season and beyond. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


It was announced on July 11, 2006 that FOX Sports will remain with MLB through 2013 and broadcast FOX Saturday Baseball throughout the entire season, rather than the current May to September format. FOX will also hold rights to the All-Star Game each season. FOX will also alternate League Championship Series broadcasts, broadcasting the American League Championship Series in odd-numbered years and the National League Championship Series in even-numbered years as part of the new contract. FOX will continue to broadcast all games of the World Series, which will begin on a Tuesday evening rather than the current Saturday evening format. is the 192nd day of the year (193rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Fox Sports logo used from 1999 to the present. ... Major League Baseball on FOX is the de facto brand name for a weekly presentation of Major League Baseball games on the Fox television network. ... The Major League Baseball All-Star Game, also popularly known as the Midsummer Classic, is an annual baseball game between players from the National League and the American League, currently selected by fan vote for the starting position players and by the respective managers (from the previous years World... ALCS redirects here. ... In mathematics, the parity of an object refers to whether it is even or odd. ... In Major League Baseball, the National League Championship Series (NLCS) determines who wins the National League pennant and advances to baseballs championship, the World Series, facing the winner of the American League Championship Series. ... In mathematics, the parity of an object refers to whether it is even or odd. ... For other events named World Series, see World Series (disambiguation). ...


ESPN will continue to broadcast Major League Baseball through 2013 as well, beginning with national Opening Day coverage. ESPN will continue to broadcast Sunday Night Baseball, Baseball Tonight, and Monday Night Baseball. ESPN also has rights to the Home Run Derby at the All-Star Game each July. ESPN, formerly an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network, is an American cable television network dedicated to broadcasting and producing sports-related programming 24 hours a day. ... Sunday Night Baseball is the Major League Baseball game of the week that is televised Sunday nights at 8 p. ... Baseball Tonight is a Sports Emmy Award-winning program that airs on ESPN, and is the only nightly highlight show devoted to Major League Baseball. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Home Run Derby is an event played prior to the Major League Baseball All-Star Game. ...


TBS will air Sunday afternoon regular season games (non-exclusive) nationally from 2008 to 2013. Starting in 2007, TBS has exclusive rights to any tiebreaker games that determine division or wild card champions at the end of each regular season in the event of a tie with one playoff spot remaining, as well as exclusive coverage of the Division Series round of the playoffs. TBS carries the League Championship Series that are not included under FOX's television agreement; TBS shows the National League Championship Series in odd-numbered years and the American League Championship Series in even-numbered years as part of the new contract through 2013. Many baseball fans are displeased with the exceedingly poor quality of the broadcasts on TBS. Major League Baseball on TBS is a broadcasting agreement between Major League Baseball and Turner Sports to broadcast baseball via cable television nationwide, beginning in 2007. ... In baseball, the Division Series is the official name for the first round of the Major League Baseball playoffs. ... The League Championship Series is the official name for a round of playoffs in Major League Baseball. ... In Major League Baseball, the National League Championship Series (NLCS) determines who wins the National League pennant and advances to baseballs championship, the World Series, facing the winner of the American League Championship Series. ... In mathematics, the parity of an object refers to whether it is even or odd. ... ALCS redirects here. ... In mathematics, the parity of an object refers to whether it is even or odd. ...


References

International Broadcasting of Major League Baseball

  • Major League Baseball produces its own in-house telecasts of the World Series, which are distributed to its international audience. There is a single video feed and broadcasts in several languages.

Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... ESPN Deportes is an cable television network dedicated to broadcasting sports-related programming 24 hours a day. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... Five, launched in 1997, is the fifth and final national terrestrial analogue television channel to launch in the United Kingdom. ... The Major League Baseball All-Star Game, also popularly known as the Midsummer Classic, is an annual baseball game between players from the National League and the American League, currently selected by fan vote for the starting position players and by the respective managers (from the previous years World... Major League Baseball (MLB) is the highest level of play in professional baseball in North America. ... A Grapefruit League game at the LA Dodgers camp in Vero Beach, Florida In Major League Baseball, spring training is a series of exhibition games which precedes the regular season. ... BST may be one of the following: British Summer Time Bovine Somatotropin Binary Search Tree This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Jonny on the set of Brainteaser Jonathan Gould (born 1961 in Kenya), often known as Jonny Gould, is a British television presenter. ... Josh in the GB dugout Josh Chetwynd is the baseball analyst for Five a UK TV channel where he works with Jonny Gould on MLB on Five. ... MLB on Five is a sports television programme featuring live and as live coverage of Major League Baseball games. ... NASN, (North American Sports Network), is a television channel available in Ireland and the UK, and now across Europe. ... For other uses, see Scandinavia (disambiguation). ... A current understanding of Western Europe. ... Coaxial cable is often used to transmit cable television into the house. ... Satellite television is television delivered by way of communications satellites, as compared to conventional terrestrial television and cable television. ... The Sports Network (commonly known as TSN) is a Canadian English language cable television specialty channel and is Canadas leading English language sports television channel. ... “Sportsnet” redirects here. ... Radio-Canada redirects here. ... ESPN, formerly an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network, is an American cable television network dedicated to broadcasting and producing sports-related programming 24 hours a day. ... Sunday Night Baseball is the Major League Baseball game of the week that is televised Sunday nights at 8 p. ... For other events named World Series, see World Series (disambiguation). ... FSN Northwest is a sports television channel available in Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Montana, parts of Wyoming, and parts of northern Nevada. ... Fuji Television Network, Inc. ... Image:Tokyo Broadcasting System(年末瑞穂第一小学校) in Akasaka . ... NHK Broadcasting Center in Shibuya, Tokyo NHK (, Nippon Hōsō Kyōkai), or the Japan Broadcasting Corporation, is Japans public broadcaster. ... Nippon Broadcasting System, Incorporated (株式会社ニッポン放送, Kabushiki Gaisha Nippon Hōsō) (TYO: 4660) is a Japanese radio station in Tokyo. ...

Historical major leagues

In 1969, the official centennial of professional baseball, the Special Baseball Records Committee appointed by Major League Baseball recognized six "major leagues" in history, four defunct and two still in operation.

Some researchers contend that some other leagues deserve "major league" status, too. For other uses, see National League (disambiguation). ... The American Association (AA) was a baseball major league from 1882 to 1891. ... The Union Association was a league in Major League Baseball which lasted only for one season in 1884. ... The Players League, also known as The Brotherhood, was an attempt to establish a third major baseball league in 1890. ... The American League (or formally the American League of Professional Baseball Clubs) is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball in the United States of America and Canada. ... The Federal League was the last major attempt to establish an independent major league in baseball in the United States in direct competition with and opposition to the established National and American Leagues in 1914 and 1915. ...

Indeed, the Official Encyclopedia of Baseball published in 1951 and revised since then recognized the NA as a major league. But a new Baseball Encyclopedia project made possible by the digital computer promised publication of far more detailed playing records. The National Association of Professional Base Ball Players (NAPBBP), or simply the National Association (NA), was founded in 1871 and lasted through the 1875 season. ... Bud Fowler, the first professional black baseball player with one of his teams, Western of Keokuk, Iowa The Negro Leagues were American professional baseball leagues comprising predominantly African-American teams. ... Whether to cover the National Association as a major league is a recurring and crucial matter of difference in historical work on American baseball —that is, among historians, encyclopedists, database builders, and others who work on the facts of baseball history on the playing field. ...

  • 1900 Western League. Many of its players were former National League players and future American League players, so some historians have argued that the American league should be recongized from 1900 rather than 1901.

In general, the SBRC ruled that the other leagues kept playing records inconsistently or lacked significant direct impact on the major leagues.


Specifically, the following can be said of these leagues:

  • The National Association was the direct precursor of the NL, six of whose eight charter members came from the NA of 1875, and it is generally considered the first professional league. The standard position is that it was a "transitional" organization not quite up to major league standards. The NL was a wholly new entity that took the best of the NA and imposed a discipline that was lacking in the failed NA.
  • The AL of 1900 was located in only four of the eight cities it would occupy in the following year. It accepted minor status and did not conduct raids on major league rosters. That changed in 1901.
  • The Negro Leagues are the toughest call. Some historians have labeled their time the era of "shadow ball," a segregated parallel to the (all-white) major leagues. The fact that many young players were able to enter MLB in the late 1940s and early 1950s, and have immediate impact, would seem to argue for major status. On the other hand, it may be argued that the Negro Leagues were closer in quality of play to the highest levels of minor league ball such as the Pacific Coast League. It is a debate that has no clear resolution, which is why most historians are content to simply regard them as a category unto themselves.

At the same time, some historians question whether the Union Association of 1884 should be considered "major," because it had only one major-league caliber team (St. Louis) and several clubs failed during the season mid-season, others taking their places. Aside from the official MLB recognition which the Unions enjoy as a matter of fact, any argument for major status rests chiefly on the Union Association's direct impact on the other majors, due to roster-raiding. None of the "non-major" other leagues listed here could make that claim. The Pacific Coast League (PCL) is a minor league baseball league operating in the West and Midwest of the United States. ... The Union Association was a league in Major League Baseball which lasted only for one season in 1884. ...


The Sporting News, a weekly established in 1886 and later an important publisher of books, did not recognize the Federal League of 1914-1915 for almost ninety years. The Sporting News (TSN) is an American-based sports newspaper. ... The Federal League was the last major attempt to establish an independent major league in baseball in the United States in direct competition with and opposition to the established National and American Leagues in 1914 and 1915. ...


Other major baseball leagues

Numerous major professional baseball leagues exist throughout the world. The most prominent of these and the most directly comparable to Major League Baseball in real terms (number of teams, organization, funding and caliber of play) are the Central League and Pacific League of Nippon Professional Baseball. Many Japanese baseball teams have played and continue to play exhibition games against their American counterparts, and a number of players have career numbers in both the Japan Professional Baseball League and Major League Baseball. Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... See also: Central League (football) The Central League (セントラル・リーグ Sentoraru Riigu) is one of Japans two major professional baseball leagues (the other is the Pacific League). ... The Pacific League (パシフィック・リーグ Pashifikku Riigu) is one of Japans two major professional baseball leagues (the other is the Central League). ... Part of the History of baseball series. ... An exhibition game is the North American term for a sporting event in which there is no gain or loss from whether the competitors are victorious or not in the competition. ...


See also

Further information: Category:Years in baseball

Girls playing pesäpallo in Siilinjärvi Pesäpallo (Swedish: Boboll, also referred to as Finnish baseball) is a fast-moving ball sport thats quite often referred to as the national sport of Finland and has some presence in other countries, such as Germany, Sweden, Switzerland, Australia, and Northern... Wikipedia has a number of articles about the history of baseball: Origins of baseball History of baseball in the United States History of baseball outside the United States Baseball in the United Kingdom 1845 to 1868 in baseball Pre-1850s in baseball London Tecumsehs (and origins of baseball in Canada... (x) = club option for 2007 (m) = mutual option for 2007 (y) = player option for 2007 Color Code Key // (Player listed under the last organization that he played for in 2006 and/or the team he signed, or will sign, with in 2007) (Player listed under the last organization that he... The 1994 baseball strike resulted in the cancellation of the World Series for the first time in 90 years. ... The 1981 baseball strike was the fifth work stoppage since 1972. ... The 1972 baseball strike was the first players strike in Major League Baseball history. ... For the organization which many minor leagues belong to, see Minor League Baseball Part of the History of baseball series. ... Bud Fowler, the first professional black baseball player with one of his teams, Western of Keokuk, Iowa The Negro Leagues were American professional baseball leagues comprising predominantly African-American teams. ... The Continental League (or formally the Continental League of Professional Baseball Clubs) was a proposed third major league for baseball, announced in 1959 and scheduled to begin play in the 1961 season. ... William Alfred Bill Shea (June 21, 1907 – October 2, 1991) was a lawyer who is best known for his part in the return of National League professional baseball to New York City after the departure of the Brooklyn Dodgers and New York Giants after the 1957 season, and for the... The following is a list of United States Major League Baseball teams that played in the National League in the 19th century. ... // Sidney Ponson Jason Bay Derek Barnett Erik Bedard Rheal Cormier Jesse Crain Ryan Dempster Jeff Francis Éric Gagné Rich Harden Corey Koskie Pete Laforest Adam Loewen Justin Morneau Pete Orr Paul Quantrill Chris Reitsma Matt Stairs Adam Stern Simon Pond Mark Teahen Stubby Clapp Danny Klassen Orlando Cabrera Edgar Renter... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Major League Baseball transactions are changes made to the roster of a major league team during or after the season. ... This is a List of Major League Baseball rivalries. ... The First-Year Player Draft is Major League Baseballs primary mechanism for assigning amateur baseball players, from high schools, colleges, and other amateur baseball clubs, to its teams. ... In 1999, MasterCard sponsored the Major League Baseball All-Century Team. ... The Major League Baseball All-Time Team were chosen in 1997 to comprise the top manager and top player in each of thirteen positional categories across Major League Baseball history. ... There have been many dramatic on-field moments in the 130+ years of Major League Baseball. ... Major professional sports league, or simply major league, is the term used in North America to refer to the highest professional division in any team sport. ... This is a list of seasons of the Major League Baseball league. ... The following a list of current Major League Baseball announcers for each individual team. ...

Players, ownership, ballparks and officials

In 1920, the owners of Major League Baseball, in order to reestablish confidence of fans in the sport following the Black Sox Scandal, established the office of Commissioner of Baseball. ... // The following chart lists the Major League Baseball players who have earned the greatest total salary over their career (through the end of 2006 and not including bonuses). ... This list consists of Major League Baseball players, both past and current, who have a biographic article (members of the Baseball Hall of Fame are noted with a β). For a list of other players for whom an article does not yet exist, see: Wikipedia:Requested articles/sports. ... Current Major League Baseball team owners: External links 2005 Forbes MLB Team Valuations Categories: | | | ... The following is a list of current and former Major League Baseball stadiums. ... In 1929, the New York Yankees and the Cleveland Indians began using uniform numbers so fans and scorekeepers could tell who was who on the field. ... This is a list of the 30 Major League Baseball teams from the 2006 season, ranked by total team salary. ... This list is ranked by Nielsen media markets in the United States. ...

Statistics, milestones and records

Home Runs Hits Batting Average Runs Batted In (RBI) Runs Wins Earned Run Average (ERA) Strikeouts Saves ... Statistics are very important to baseball, perhaps as much as they are for cricket, and more than almost any other sport. ... Batting average is a statistic in both cricket and baseball measuring the performance of cricket batsmen and baseball hitters, respectively. ... In baseball statistics, earned run average (ERA) is the mean of earned runs given up by a pitcher per nine innings pitched. ... The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, located at 62 Main Street in Cooperstown, New York, is a semi-official museum operated by private interests serving as the central point for the study of the history of baseball in the United States and beyond, the display of baseball-related... The 30-30 club is a grouping of Major League Baseball, USA, players who have reached the 30 stolen base and 30 home run plateaus in the same season. ... The 40-40 club is a term coined by sportswriters to distinguish Major League Baseball players who accumulate a total of both 40 home runs and 40 stolen bases in a single season. ... The 20-20-20 club is a term coined by sportswriters that describes a fairly exclusive group of Major League Baseball players: those who have reached the 20 double, 20 triple, and 20 home run plateaus in the same season. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A batting title, in baseball, is said to have been reached when a player has the highest average in his league, while still having had 3. ... Insert non-formatted text hereThe following is a list of notable individual streaks achieved in Major League Baseball. ... In baseball, a hitting streak refers to the consecutive number of official games in which a player gets at least one base hit. ... In Major League Baseball, the 50 home run club is an informal term applied to the group of players who have hit 50 or more home runs in a single season. ... The 50-50 Club in the context of Major League Baseball refers to the group of players who achieve 50 stolen bases and 50 doubles in one season. ... The following is a chronology of the top ten leaders in lifetime home runs in Major League Baseball. ... In Major League Baseball, the 500 Home Run Club is an informal term applied to the group of players who have hit 500 or more career home runs. ... Below is the list of Major League Baseball players who have reached the 2,000 hit milestone. ... In Major League Baseball, the 3,000 hit club is an informal term applied to the group of players who have made 3,000 or more career base hits. ... In Major League Baseball, the 300 win club is an informal term applied to the group of pitchers who have won 300 or more games in their careers. ... In Major League Baseball, the 3000 strikeout club is an informal term applied to the group of pitchers who have struck out 3000 or more batters in their careers. ... In Major League Baseball, the 300 Wins-3000 Ks club is an informal term applied to the group of pitchers who have won 300 or more games and struck out 3000 batters or more in their careers. ... This is a list of Major League Baseball franchise post-season and World Series droughts (spells of not winning). ... Pitcher David Cone (left) of the New York Yankees reacting to the completion of his perfect game with catcher Joe Girardi on July 18, 1999. ... Bill Wambsganss completing his unassisted triple play in Game 5 of the 1920 World Series In baseball, an unassisted triple play occurs when a defensive player makes all three putouts by himself in one continuous play, without any teammates touching the ball (assist). ... In baseball, the Triple Crown refers to: A batter who (at seasons end) leads the league in three major categories -- home runs, runs batted in, and batting average. ... Eric Davis hit for the cycle in 1989 In baseball, a player hits for the cycle when he hits a single, a double, a triple and a home run in the same game, though not necessarily in that order. ... At the end of each Major League Baseball season, the league leaders of various statistical categories are announced. ... At the end of each Major League Baseball season, the league leaders of various statistical categories are announced. ... This chart shows each Major League Baseball teams highest season total in paid attendance for home games. ... Twenty-two Major League Baseball players have reached 500 home runs in their careers: Five players have reached 600 home runs in their career: Three players have reached 700 home runs in their career: Category: ... The following players have played or pitched in the most regular season Major League Baseball games without appearing in the World Series. ... This is a list of most common Major League Baseball post-season matchups. ... This is a list of no-hitters in Major League Baseball history. ... Trivia Twenty-four of these rookies hit their home run on the first major league pitch they ever saw. ... Home run in final at-bat ... Connie Mack baseball card, 1910. ... The table below lists domestic professional sports leagues from around the world by total attendances for the last completed season for which data is available. ...

Post-season awards

The MLB Comeback Player of the Year Award is the newest annual award officially sponsored by Major League Baseball. ... The Cy Young Award of the American League, 1983. ... Rawlings is an American company that manufactures sports equipment. ... In American baseball, the Rawlings Gold Glove Award, usually referred to simply as the Gold Glove, is the award annually given to the Major League player judged to be the most superior individual fielding performance at each position (in each league), as voted by the managers and coaches in each... The Hank Aaron Award is an annual award in Major League Baseball awarded to the top hitter in each league. ... In Major League Baseball, the Manager of the Year Award is an honor given annually to the best managers in the American and National Leagues. ... In the game of baseball, both amateur and professional, it is tradition to annually recognize the one player in the league who has contributed the most to the success of the players team. ... The Sporting News Reliever of the Year Award was established in 1960 by The Sporting News (TSN) as TSN Fireman of the Year Award. ... In Major League Baseball, the Rolaids Relief Man of the Year Award, first awarded in 1976, is a distinction given to the top relief pitcher in each league at the end of each season. ... In Major League Baseball, the Rookie of the Year Award is given to the best first-year players in the American and National Leagues. ... Silver Slugger Award In Major League Baseball, the Louisville Silver Slugger award is given annually to the best offensive player at each position in each league. ... The Edgar Martinez Award is an award granted annually since 1973 to the most outstanding Designated Hitter in Major League Baseball. ...

In-season awards

The Player of the Month award is a Major League Baseball award named by each league every month of the regular season. ... MLB awards a player of the week award every week for outstanding performance. ...

Exhibition and playoffs

A Grapefruit League game at the LA Dodgers camp in Vero Beach, Florida In Major League Baseball, spring training is a series of exhibition games which precedes the regular season. ... The World Baseball Classic, sometimes abbreviated WBC, is an international baseball tournament, first held in March 2006. ... The Major League Baseball All-Star Game, also popularly known as the Midsummer Classic, is an annual baseball game between players from the National League and the American League, currently selected by fan vote for the starting position players and by the respective managers (from the previous years World... In Major League Baseball`s American League, these are the details regarding the winners of the wildcard position. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... In Major League Baseball (and in the National Football League in the past), if two or more teams finish the regular season with identical records atop a division or wild card, one game playoffs are instituted as a tiebreaker. ... National League Champions 1876-1900 1876 Chicago White Stockings 1877 Boston Red Stockings 1878 Boston Red Stockings 1879 Providence Grays 1880 Chicago White Stockings 1881 Chicago White Stockings 1882 Chicago White Stockings 1883 Boston Beaneaters 1884 Providence Grays 1885 Chicago White Stockings 1886 Chicago White Stockings 1887 Detroit Wolverines 1888... The American League (AL) is one of the two leagues of Major League Baseball. ... The National League (NL) is one of the two leagues of Major League Baseball. ... Four division alignment Six division alignment Wild Card Titles Categories: Baseball playoffs and champions ... In Major League Baseball, the American League Division Series (ALDS) determines which two teams from the American League will advance to the American League Championship Series. ... In Major League Baseball, the National League Division Series (NLDS) determine which two teams from the National League will advance to the National League Championship Series. ... ALCS redirects here. ... In Major League Baseball, the National League Championship Series (NLCS) determines who wins the National League pennant and advances to baseballs championship, the World Series, facing the winner of the American League Championship Series. ... For other events named World Series, see World Series (disambiguation). ...

References

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External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Major League Baseball - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4839 words)
Major League Baseball is governed by the Major League Baseball Constitution, an agreement that has undergone several incarnations since 1876 then called the NL Constitution, with the most recent revisions being made in 2005.
The MLB Draft is among the least followed of the professional sports drafts in the United States.
MLB's previous reluctance to take a hard line on drugs (as many other sports featured far stricter testing and penalties) was widely seen as one of the main reasons why baseball has been dropped from the Olympics, effective in 2012.
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