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Encyclopedia > Major
Common Military Ranks
Land/Air Forces Naval Forces
This template attempts to order military ranks an everyday civilian might hear in many countries to aid in understanding which rank precedes which, excluding combinations of names such as Lieutenant Colonel. Please feel free to improve it.

Major is a military rank the use of which varies according to country. The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Marshal (also sometimes spelled marshall in American English, but not in British English) is a word used in several official titles of various branches of society. ... A General is an officer of high military rank. ... Colonel (IPA: or ) is a military rank of a commissioned officer, with the corresponding ranks existing in nearly every country in the world. ... Please see Captain for other uses of the term Captain is a military rank used in nearly every army and navy of the world. ... Lieutenant is a military, paramilitary, fire service or police officer rank. ... A Warrant Officer (WO) is a member of a military organization holding one of a specific group of ranks. ... Sergeant is a rank used in some form by most militaries, police forces, and other uniformed organisations around the world. ... Corporal is a rank in use in some form by most militaries, police forces or other uniformed organizations around the world. ... A private is a military soldier of the lowest military rank (equivalent to Nato Rank Grades OR-1 to OR-3 depending on the force served in). ... Admiral is the rank, or part of the name of the ranks, of the highest naval officers. ... Commodore is a military rank used in some navies for officers whose position exceeds that of a Captain, but is less than that of a Flag Officer. ... Please see Captain for other uses of the term Captain is a military rank used in nearly every army and navy of the world. ... Insignia of a United States Navy Commander Commander is a military rank used in many navies but not generally in armies or air forces. ... Lieutenant is a military, paramilitary, fire service or police officer rank. ... Ensign is a junior rank of commissioned officer in the militaries of some countries, normally in the infantry or navy. ... Chief Petty Officer is a noncommissioned officer or equivalent in many navies. ... A Petty Officer is a noncommissioned officer or equivalent in many navies. ... Leading Rating (or Leading Rate) is the most senior of the junior rates in the British Royal Navy. ... For other uses, see Seaman (disambiguation). ... In the U.S. Army, Air Force and Marine Corps, a lieutenant colonel is a commissioned officer superior to a major and inferior to a colonel. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ...


Major frequently denotes an officer of mid-level command status (usually immediately superior to the rank of Captain and immediately subordinate to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel). An officer is a member of a military service who holds a position of responsibility. ... This article concerns the rank and title of Captain. ... In the U.S. Army, Air Force and Marine Corps, a lieutenant colonel is a commissioned officer superior to a major and inferior to a colonel. ...


However in some armies major is essentially a senior sub-officer. This usage derives from "sergeant-major".

Contents

Early History

The rank of Major originated in English as a suffix to certain other military positions, usually to denote a more senior status than others of the same position. The most common usage of the word Major in a rank and the first recorded in English (1643), was in the term "Sergeant-Major", the third-in-command of a regiment. In several European navies, the rank of Major was used in the term "Pilot-Major" to denote the senior deck officer of a vessel in contrast to the Captain (or Captain General) who was typically an Army officer, with little naval knowledge, assigned to command the mission on which a vessel was embarked. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... It has been suggested that Company Sergeant Major be merged into this article or section. ... A regiment is a military unit, consisting of a group of battalions, usually four and commanded by a colonel. ... Navy is also:- shorthand for Navy Blue the nickname of the United States Naval Academy A navy is the branch of the armed forces of a nation that operates primarily on water. ... This article concerns the rank and title of Captain. ... Captain General is a rank and a title. ...


Officer rank

In most comparative military scales a Major is ranked as a "Level 4" (O-4) officer although some systems (among them the NATO rank codes) list a Major as a Level 3. The naval equivalent to a Major is, in some nations, the rank of Lieutenant Commander. Armies have military rank systems that are often used by other military services such as air forces or marines. ... In the Royal Navy, United States Navy and United States Coast Guard, a lieutenant commander (lieutenant-commander or Lt Cdr in the RN) is a commissioned officer superior to a lieutenant and inferior to a commander. ...


By the time of the English Civil War, Major had become its own rank and was assigned to mid-level officers on the battlefield and was most often used by those who served as aides to a superior General. The English Civil War was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations which took place between Parliamentarians and Royalists from 1642 until 1651. ... Battlefield may refer to: the location of a battle, the Battlefield televised documentary series, shown on the Discovery Channel, which explores battles of World War 2, the Battlefield Vietnam televised documentary series, shown on the Military Channel, which gives detail explanations of Vietnam War, (1945-1975), battles. ... Aide may refer to: A person who assists another. ... A General is an officer of high military rank. ...


The rank of Major General arose during the 18th century, and was a shortening of the rank Sergeant Major General. Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... ...


By the 19th century, the rank of Major was being used by nearly every English-speaking military, as well as some others. It quickly developed into a senior staff position and was seen as the first of the "command" or "field" ranks, in contrast to the rank of Captain and below which were viewed as "company ranks". Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article concerns the rank and title of Captain. ...


Non-commissioned rank

Use as a suffix

The rank of Major may still be found in its original form as a suffix (with or without a hyphen), to denote an officer more senior to the base rank. Examples as the ranks of Adjutant-Major, and Colonel-Major. It is also still commonly used in the rank of Sergeant Major, and is also used in ceremonial appointments such as Drum-Major and Pipe-Major. An adjutant (from the Latin adiutor, itself from the verb adiutare, to help) is an officer who assists a more senior officer. ... This article is about a military rank and position. ... The term drum major describes several similar appointments in marching bands, drum and bugle corps, and pipe bands. ... Pipe Major is the director of bagpipe music in a Scottish Highland pipe band or pipes and drums. ...


In Argentina, the armed forces all use the rank of sub-officer-major as the highest non-commissioned rank. The army and air force also use the officer rank of major. The army has a rank of colonel-major, but this is essentially an automatic promotion for long-serving colonels rather than a functional rank in its own right. The Argentine National Gendarmerie uses the rank of commandant-major, which is roughly equivalent to a colonel or chief superintendant in the commonwealth. The Argentine National Gendarmerie (Spanish: Gendarmería Nacional Argentina, also abbreviated to GNA) is the gendarmerie of Argentina. ... Colonel (IPA: or ) is a military rank of a commissioned officer, with the corresponding ranks existing in nearly every country in the world. ... A superintendent is an individual that has executive oversight and administration rights, usually within an educational entity or organization. ...


It is similarly still used as a prefix for the General officer rank of Major-General, which is similarly used in many other languages (e.g. Generaal-Majoor in Dutch). Major General or Major-General is a military rank used in many countries. ...


Links to Major ranks by country

Major is a rank of the Canadian Forces. ... Major (pronounced ) is a rank of the German military which dates back to the Middle Ages. ... Please see Major for other countries which use this rank Major is a military rank of the British Army which is used by both the British Army and Royal Marines. ... Insignia of a Major in the United States Military Major is a rank used in the United States Army, United States Air Force, and United States Marine Corps, and is the equivalent of a Lieutenant Commander in the United States Navy and United States Coast Guard. ... Category: ...

Links to ranks equivalent to Major by country

Commandant (shortened from Capitaine-commandant, i. ... Commandant is a military or police title or rank and can mean any of the following: The commander of certain military corps and services, such as the Commandant of the Marine Corps and the Commandant of the Coast Guard in the United States or the Commandant of the (now obsolete... Major is a military rank denoting an officer of mid-level command status. ... Major is a military rank denoting an officer of mid-level command status. ... Croatian military ranks are as follows: Military of Croatia Category: ... Sturmbannführer Collar Patch Sturmbannführer was a paramilitary rank of the Nazi Party which was used by both the Sturmabteilung (SA) and the Schutzstaffel (SS). ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... Tagmatarhis is used in the Greek language to mean Major. The name was used in ancient times to signify the commanding officer of a tagma (battalion). ...

See also

Comparative military ranks are a means of comparing military rank systems of different nations as a means of categorizing the hierarchy of an armed force compared to another. ... From medieval times, devices such as pennants and shield patterns through to the full development of heraldry had been used to identify very senior ranks such as the monarch or other leaders of armies. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with US Army. ... The lineup of Swedish rank insignia is normalized to reflect levels of responsibility, experience and seniority. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger,greater) is in modern times the title of the highest ranking municipal officer, who discharges certain judicial and administrative functions, in many systems an elected politician, who serves as chief executive and/or ceremonial official of many types of municipalities. ...

Sources and references

  • Etymology on line

  Results from FactBites:
 
PlanetMath: majorization (71 words)
Marshall and I. Olkin, Inequalities: Theory of Majorization and Its Applications, 1979, Acadamic Press, New York.
This is version 5 of majorization, born on 2004-07-28, modified 2006-11-11.
Object id is 6043, canonical name is Majorization.
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