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Encyclopedia > Majlis of Iran
Image:DSC--Majlis5323.JPG
Majlis of Iran is located in Baharestan district in Tehran

The Majlis of Iran (Persian:مجلس, lit. "assembly"), also called Iranian parliament, is a legislative body of Iran. The Majlis currently has 290 representatives, changed from the previous 270 seats since the February 18, 2000 election. The official name for the body means Islamic Consultative Assembly. Baharestan is a place in the city of Tehran, capital of Iran. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Persian (Local names: فارسی Fârsi or پارسی Pârsi)* is an Indo-European language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan as well as by minorities in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, India, Pakistan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ... A deliberative assembly is an organization, comprised of members, that uses a parliamentary procedure for making decisions. ... February 18 is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The current speaker of parliament is Gholam Ali Haddad-Adel, with first deputy speaker Mohammad Reza Bahonar and second deputy speaker Mohammad Hassan Aboutorabi-Fard. The presiding board member is Mousa Qorbani. Haddad-Adel Gholam Ali Haddad-Adel (غلامعلی حداد عادل in Persian) born in 1945 in Tehran, Iran, is the chairman of the Iranian Parliament. ... Mohammad Reza Bahonar (محمدرضا باهنر in Persian) is the conservative First Vice Speaker of the Parliament of Iran. ... Hojjatol-Islam Mousa Qorbani is a fundamentalist mullah who serves (as of 2007) as the presiding board member in the Islamic Consultative Assembly in the Islamic Republic of Iran. ...

Members of the First Majlis (October 7, 1906June 23, 1908).

Contents

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 343 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (561 × 981 pixel, file size: 562 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Members of the First Majlis (Iranian Parliament), October 7, 1906 — June 23, 1908. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 343 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (561 × 981 pixel, file size: 562 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Members of the First Majlis (Iranian Parliament), October 7, 1906 — June 23, 1908. ... October 7 is the 280th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (281st in leap years). ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ...

Under the Shahs

Iran

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The original Majlis building as it appeared in the winter of 1956
The original Majlis building as it appeared in the winter of 1956
See also: Iranian Constitutional Revolution

Before the Islamic Revolution, Majlis was also the name of the lower house of the Iranian Legislature from 1906 to 1979, the upper house being the Senate. The Assembly of Experts (also Assembly of Experts for the Leadership) of Iran (Persian: مجلس خبرگان رهبری, Majles-e-Khobregan), is a congressional body for selecting the Supreme Leader and supervising his activities. ... Ayatollah Ali Meshkini is an Iranian cleric and politician. ... The post of Supreme Leader (Persian: ولی فقیه or رهبر, Rahbar, literally leader) was created in the constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran as the highest ranking political authority of the nation (see Guardianship of the jurists (doctrine)). Other Persian terms include the Valiye-Faqih (sometimes shortened to Faqih) or the Jurisprudent... Grand Âyatollâh   (Persian: آیت‌الله سید علی حسینی کس ننه ای Ä€yatollāh Seyyed `AlÄ« ḤoseynÄ« KhāmeneÄ«) (born 17 July 1939), also known as Seyyed Ali Khamenei,[1] is the current Supreme Leader of Iran and was the president of Iran from 1981 to 1989. ... The President of Iran holds a very important office in Irans political establishment. ...   (Persian: ‎ ​, IPA: ), transcribed into English as Mahmud or Mahmood, Ahmadinezhad, Ahmadi-Nejad, Ahmadi Nejad, Ahmady Nejad) (born October 28, 1956) is the current president of the Islamic Republic of Iran. ... Vice President of Iran is defined by article 124 of the Iranian constitution, as anyone appointed by the President to lead an organization related to the Presidential affairs. ... Parviz Davoodi (born 1952 in Tehran) is the current First Vice President of Iran (since September 11, 2005). ... Haddad-Adel Gholam Ali Haddad-Adel (غلامعلی حداد عادل in Persian) born in 1945 in Tehran, Iran, is the chairman of the Iranian Parliament. ... Supreme National Security Council is a body within the Islamic Republic of Iran the secretary whereof is Ali Larijani. ... Ali Larijani while lecturing for his presidential campaign at Sharif University of Technology in March, 2005. ... The Guardian Council of the Constitution[1] (Persian: شورای نگهبان قانون اساسی) is a high chamber within the constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran. ... Ahmad Jannati (born in Esfahan in 1926) (Persian: ‎ ​) is an Iranian ayatollah and political figure. ... The Expediency Discernment Council of the System [1](Persian: مجمع تشخیص مصلحت نظام), is an unelected[2] establishment in the Constitution of Islamic Republic of Iran created on 6 February 1988[3]. Its purpose is to resolve differences or conflicts between the Majlis and the Council of Guardians, and also to serve as a... President Rafsanjani Akbar Hashemi Bahramani kharkosteh (Persian: اکبر هاشمی بهرمانی), famously known as Hashemi Rafsanjani (هاشمی رفسنجانی) (born August 25, 1934) is one of the most... City and Village Councils (full title is: Provincial, City, District and Village Councils) are local councils which are elected by public vote in all cities and villages throughout Iran. ... Iranian soldiers The military forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran include three regular armed forces; the Army, Navy, Air Force, and a fourth armed force, the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution. ... The new Defence Minister, Mostafa Mohammad Najjar, 49, is a veteran of the Revolutionary Guards since the establishment of the body in 1980, where he served as in charge of the Middle East Department, with Palestine, Lebanon and the Persian Gulf as places of particular attention. ... The current judicial system of Iran was implemented and established by Ali Akbar Davar and some of his contemporaries. ... Ayatollah Seyyed Mahmoud Hashemi Shahroudi (آیت‌الله سید محمود هاشمی شاهرودی) (Born 1948 in Najaf, Iraq) is an Iranian politician and Shia cleric. ... The Ministry of Intelligence and National Security (وزارت اطلاعات), is the primary intelligence agency of Iran. ... Gholam-Hossein Mohseni-Ejeie is the current head of the Ministry of Intelligence in Iran, also known as SVAMA and was appointed by the current president of Iran, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, on August 24, 2005. ... Bank Markazi, Tehran, Iran Bank Markazi Iran or Bank Markazi Jomhouri Islami Iran (Persian: بانک مرکزی جمهوری اسلامی ايران) is the Central bank of Iran. ... Ebrahim Sheibani is an Iranian economist currently governing the Central Bank of Iran. ... The Iranian constitution prohibits the granting of petroleum rights on a concessionary basis or direct equity stake. ... Kazem vaziri Mahane is the current minister of petroleum in Iran. ... The National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC), under the direction of the Ministry of Petroleum of Iran, is an oil and natural gas producer and distributor headquartered in Tehran. ... Map of Irans major crops, circa 1978. ... Mohammad Reza Eskandari is the Minister of Agriculture of the Islamic Republic of Iran. ... Politics of Iran Categories: Election related stubs | Elections in Iran ... The Iranian Assembly of Experts election of 2006 is planned to take place on December 15, 2006. ... The Iranian City and Village Councils election of 2006 is planned to take place on December 15, 2006. ... Iran consists of 30 provinces: Provinces are governed from a local center, mostly the largest local city. ... The provinces of Iran are divided into counties or shahrestānhā (Persian: شهرستان, singular shahrestān), and each shahrestan is subdivided into districts or bakhshānhā (Persian: بخش, singular bakhsh). ... Political parties in Iran lists political parties in Iran. ... // Darvazeh-e-Bagh-e-Melli: The main gates to Irans Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Tehran. ... Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Iranian Constitutional Revolution (also Persian Constitutional Revolution and Constitutional Revolution of Iran) took place between 1905 and 1911. ... 1980 Iranian stamp commemorating the Islamic Revolution After Islamic Conquest  Modern (SSR = Soviet Socialist Republic) Afghanistan  Azerbaijan  Bahrain  Iran  Iraq  Tajikistan  Uzbekistan  This box:      The Iranian Revolution (also known as the Islamic Revolution,[1][2][3][4][5][6] Persian: انقلاب اسلامی, Enghelābe Eslāmi) was the revolution that transformed Iran... A lower house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the upper house. ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... An upper house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the lower house. ... The Senate of Iran (Majles-e Sena) was a legislative chamber that was disbanded after the Islamic Revolution in 1979 in Iran. ...


It was created by the Iran Constitution of 1906 and first convened on 1906-10-06 (iranian calendar: 1285-Mehr-13, islamic calendar: 17 Sha'ban 1324 AH[1]), soon gaining power under the rule of the Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. Noteworthy bills passed by the Majlis under Pahlavi include the Oil Nationalization Bill (March 15, 1951) and the Family Protection Law (1967), which gave women many basic rights such as custody of children in case of divorce. After the Iranian Revolution in 1979, the Senate was abolished and in 1989 revision of the constitution, the National Consultative Assembly (مجلس شورای ملی) became the Islamic Consultative Assembly (مجلس شورای اسلامی). The last session of the Pahlavi-era Majlis, during its twenty-first round, was held on 1979-02-07 (18 Bahman 1357 AP[1]). Wikisource has original text related to this article: Iran Constitution of 1906 This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... October 6 is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years). ... The Iranian calendar (Persian: ‎) also known as Persian calendar or the Jalāli Calendar is a solar calendar currently used in Iran and Afghanistan. ... The Islamic calendar or Muslim calendar (Arabic: التقويم الهجري; at-taqwÄ«m al-hijrÄ«; Persian: گاه‌شماری هجري قمری ‎ Gāhshomāri-ye hejri-ye qamari; also called the Hijri calendar) is the calendar used to date events in many predominantly Muslim countries, and used by Muslims everywhere to determine the proper day on which to... Shaaban (Arabic: شعبان ) is the eighth month of the Islamic calendar. ... The Islamic calendar or Muslim calendar (Arabic: التقويم الهجري; at-taqwÄ«m al-hijrÄ«; Persian: گاه‌شماری هجري قمری ‎ Gāhshomāri-ye hejri-ye qamari; also called the Hijri calendar) is the calendar used to date events in many predominantly Muslim countries, and used by Muslims everywhere to determine the proper day on which to... Shah or Shahzad is a Persian term for a monarch (ruler) that has been adopted in many other languages. ... Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran (Persian: ‎ Moḥammad Rez̤ā PahlavÄ«) (October 26, 1919, Tehran – July 27, 1980, Cairo), styled His Imperial Majesty, and holding the imperial titles of Shāhanshāh (King of Kings), and Aryamehr (Light of the Aryans), was the monarchial ruler of Iran from September 16... March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (75th in leap years). ... 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... 1980 Iranian stamp commemorating the Islamic Revolution After Islamic Conquest  Modern (SSR = Soviet Socialist Republic) Afghanistan  Azerbaijan  Bahrain  Iran  Iraq  Tajikistan  Uzbekistan  This box:      The Iranian Revolution (also known as the Islamic Revolution,[1][2][3][4][5][6] Persian: انقلاب اسلامی, Enghelābe Eslāmi) was the revolution that transformed Iran... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... February 7 is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Bahman is the name of 11th month in Iranian calendar. ... The Iranian calendar (Persian: ‎) also known as Persian calendar or the Jalāli Calendar is a solar calendar currently used in Iran and Afghanistan. ...


Women were not allowed to vote or be elected to the Majlis until 1963, as part of reforms under Shah's "White Revolution". The reforms were regarded as dangerous, Westernizing trends by traditionalists, especially by the powerful Shia religious leaders, including Ayatollah Khomeini. The events led to a revolt on June 5, 1963 and the exile of Khomeini to Iraq. The twenty-first National Consultative Assembly, which included female representatives, opened on October 6, 1963. After the Islamic revolution, women continued to have the same voting rights. Year 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The White Revolution was a far-reaching series of reform programs launched in 1963 by the last Shah of Iran, His Imperial Majesty Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. ... Shiʻa Islam (Arabic شيعى follower; English has traditionally used Shiite) makes up the second largest sect of believers in Islam, constituting about 30%–35% of all Muslim. ... Grand Ayatollah Seyyed Ruhollah Khomeini ( ) (Persian: روح الله موسوی خمینی RÅ«ollāh MÅ«savÄ« KhomeynÄ« (May 17, 1900[1] – June 3, 1989) was a Shi`i Muslim cleric and marja (religious authority), and the political leader of the 1979 Iranian Revolution which saw the overthrow of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the last Shah of... June 5 is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... October 6 is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years). ... Year 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Even though the Majlis has been known to voice opposition to both the Pahlavis and Islamic Republic policies, it is not as powerful as the legislative bodies in, for example, the United States. The Pahlavi dynasty (in Persian: دودمان پهلوی) of Iran began with the crowning of Reza Shah Pahlavi in 1925 and ended with the Iranian Revolution of 1979, and the subsequent collapse of the ancient tradition of Iranian monarchy. ... ‹ The template below has been proposed for deletion. ...


Islamic Republic

After the Iranian Revolution, the Iranian legislature became unicameral. 1980 Iranian stamp commemorating the Islamic Revolution After Islamic Conquest  Modern (SSR = Soviet Socialist Republic) Afghanistan  Azerbaijan  Bahrain  Iran  Iraq  Tajikistan  Uzbekistan  This box:      The Iranian Revolution (also known as the Islamic Revolution,[1][2][3][4][5][6] Persian: انقلاب اسلامی, Enghelābe Eslāmi) was the revolution that transformed Iran... Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ...


From 1979, the Majlis had convened at the building that used to house the Iranian Senate, which is on Imam Khomeini Boulevard in central Tehran. A new building was built for the Assembly near Baharestan Square in central Tehran, near the old Majlis building that was used from 1906 to 1979. The move was considered and approved on October 9, 2001. Some parliament representatives of the time voted against moving there, protesting the very high expenses. But the move didn't happen during the sixth Islamic Assembly, because of technical problems, including some related to the audio system. Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... The Iranian Senate was a legislative chamber that was disbanded after the Islamic Revolution in 1979 in Iran. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... October 9 is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The move was reconsidered by the representatives in the seventh Islamic Assembly, in a private session on November 2, 2004, with the majority fraction divided over the issue and Emad Afrough, a conservative representative, calling the new building "the Green Palace of Mu'awiyah" (hinting that it was too luxurious). But the move was finally approved with a strong majority. The first session in new building was held on November 16, 2004. November 2 is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 59 days remaining. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Emad Afroogh (born 1956) is an Iranian sociologist and politician. ... Muawiyah I ( 602 - May 6, 680), early Muslim leader and founder of the great Umayyad Dynasty of caliphs. ... November 16 is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 45 days remaining. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

[discuss] – [edit]
Summary of the 20 February and 7 May 2004 Majlis of Iran election results
Orientiation of candidates Votes % Seats % of Seats
Conservatives 156 54%
Reformists 39 13%
Independents 31 11%
Elected in second round 59 20%
Armenians recognized minority religion 2
Chaldean and Assyrian Catholic recognized minority religion 1
Jewish recognized minority religion 1
Zoroastrian recognized minority religion 1
Total (Turnout around 50 %) 290
Source: IPU

See also

Strategic Majlis Research Center (Persian: مرکز پژوهش‌های مجلس شورای اسلامی) is one of the most important centers for Iranian Studies. ...

Notes and references

  1. ^ a b Mohammad Modarresi (2005). An Introduction to the history of the Legislative Assembly In Iran: The First Parliament of the National Consultative Assembly (آشنایی با تاریخ مجالس قانونگذاری در ایران: دوره اول مجلس شورای ملی) (Persian) (PDF). The Research Center of Islamic Consultative Assembly (مرکز پژوهش‌های مجلس شورای اسلامی).

External links

  • History of Iran: Constitutional Revolution, a history of Majlis from 1906 to 1953
  • The official website of the Majlis of Iran
  • Iranian Ministry of Interior on the history of elections in Iran
  • A report on moving the Majles to Baharestan
  • The Council of Guardians, Official website.
  • The Majles, Iran's parliament news service.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Majlis of Iran - Biocrawler (498 words)
The Majlis (مجلس), which means "The parliament", was the lower house of the Iranian Legislature from 1906 to 1979.
Majlis currently has 290 representatives, changed from the previous 270 seats since the February 18, 2000 election.
Even though the Majlis has been known to voice opposition to both the Pahlavis and Islamic Republic policies, its power is not as great as that of the legislative bodies in the United States.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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