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Encyclopedia > Majles
مجلس شورای اسلامی -
The Majles; Iran's Parliament.

The Majlis (مجلس), which means "The parliament", was the lower house of the Iranian Legislature from 1906 to 1979. After the Islamic Revolution, when the Iranian Legislature became unicameral, the Majlis became the main legislative body. Majlis currently has 290 representatives, changed from the previous 270 seats since the February 18, 2000 election. Majlis File links The following pages link to this file: Majlis of Iran Categories: Images with unknown source ... Majlis File links The following pages link to this file: Majlis of Iran Categories: Images with unknown source ... 1906 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1979 is a common year starting on Monday. ... Protestors take to the street in support of Ayatollah Khomeini. ... February 18 is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


It was first created by a clause in the 1906 Iranian Constitution and soon gained power under the rule of the Pahlavi dynasty. Noteworthy bills passed by the Majlis under the Pahlavis include the Oil Nationalization Bill (March 15, 1951) and the Family Protection Law (1967), which gave women many basic rights such as custody of children in case of divorce. After the Iranian Revolution, the upper house (Senate) was dissolved and the lower level National Counsultative Assembly (مجلس شورای ملی) became the Islamic Counsultative Assembly (مجلس شورای اسلامی). Even though the Majlis has been known to voice opposition to both the Pahlavis and Islamic Republic policies, its power is not as great as that of the legislative bodies in the United States. The Pahlavi dynasty was the ruling dynasty of Iran from 1925 to 1979, from which two Shahs were drawn. ... March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (75th in Leap years). ... 1951 was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... 1967 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Protestors take to the street in support of Ayatollah Khomeini. ... The Pahlavi dynasty was the ruling dynasty of Iran from 1925 to 1979, from which two Shahs were drawn. ... An Islamic republic is a state under a particular theocratic form of government advocated by some Muslim religious leaders in the Middle East and Africa. ...


Women were not allowed to vote or be elected to the Majlis until 1963. This reform was opposed by some Islamic clerics, including Ayatollah Khomeini, who claimed that it was a plot to bring women to the public society, and out of the protection of the traditional family. The events led to a revolt on June 5, 1963 and the exile of Khomeini to Iraq. The twenty-first National Consultative Assembly, which included female representatives, opened on October 6, 1963. 1963 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Ayatollah Khomeini founded the first modern Islamic republic Ayatollah Seyyed Ruhollah Khomeini (آیت‌الله روح‌الله خمینی in Persian) (May 17, 1900 – June 3, 1989) was an Iranian Shia cleric and the political and spiritual leader of the 1979 revolution that overthrew Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the then Shah of Iran. ... June 5 is the 156th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (157th in leap years), with 209 days remaining. ... 1963 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... October 6 is the 279th day of the year (280th in Leap years). ... 1963 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Convention place

مجلس شورای اسلامی - The Iranian Parliament, first built in 1906.

From 1979, the Islamic Consultative Assembly had convened at the building that used to house the Iranian Senate, which is on Imam Khomeini Boulevard in central Tehran. A new building was built for the Assmebly near Baharestan Square in central Tehran, near the old Majlis building that was used from 1906 to 1979. The move was considered and approved on October 9, 2001. Some Majlis representatives of the time voted against moving there, protesting the very high expenses. But the move didn't happen during the sixth Islamic Assembly, because of technical problems, include some related to the audio system. Majlis Building File links The following pages link to this file: Majlis of Iran Categories: Images with unknown source ... Majlis Building File links The following pages link to this file: Majlis of Iran Categories: Images with unknown source ... 1979 is a common year starting on Monday. ... Tehran (also spelled Teheran, which more correctly reflects the Persian pronunciation) (تهران in Persian), population 9,000,000 (metropolitan: 14,000,000), and a land area of 254 square miles, is the capital of Iran and one of the major world cities. ... 1906 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1979 is a common year starting on Monday. ... October 9 is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in Leap years). ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The move was reconsidered by the representatives in the seventh Islamic Assembly, in a private session on November 2, 2004, with the majority fraction divided over the issue and Emad Afrough, a conservative representative, calling the new building "the Green Palace of Mu'awiyah" (hinting that it's too luxurious). But the move was finally approved with a good majority. The first session in new building was held on November 16, 2004. November 2 is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 59 days remaining. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Muawiyah I ( 602 - May 6, 680), early Muslim leader and founder of the great Umayyad Dynasty of caliphs. ... November 16 is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 45 days remaining. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


See also

Politics of Iran Categories: Stub | 2004 elections | Elections in Iran ...

External links

  • History of Iran: Constitutional Revolution (http://www.iranchamber.com/history/constitutional_revolution/constitutional_revolution.php), a history of Majlis from 1906 to 1953
  • The official website of the Majlis of Iran (http://majles.ir/mhtml/index.php?newlang=english)
  • Iranian Ministry of Interior on the history of elections in Iran (http://www.moi.gov.ir/AboutEllection/about.htm)
  • A report on moving the Majlis to Baharestan (http://isna.ir/news/NewsCont.asp?Lang=P&id=456190)

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In the latest election to the Majles those at the helm of Islamic Republic came to the edge of the precipice and were ... (1892 words)
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Although the “Agents” apparently have a majority in the 5th Majles the faction supported by the Association of Combatant Clergy obtained a decisive majority in Teheran.
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Majles - WikIran (536 words)
Before the Iranian Revolution, the Majles was the lower house of Parliament from 1906 to 1979, with the upper house being the Senate.
The Majles first came into being during the Constitutional Revolution and was officially created by a clause in the Constitution of 1906.
The Senate Majles was used during the Pahlavi II and Islamic Republic eras until 2004.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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