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Encyclopedia > Main
Main
The Main in Würzburg.
The Main in Würzburg.
Origin Upper Franconia
Mouth Rhine
Basin countries Germany
Length 529 km (329 miles)
Avg. discharge ±200 m³/s (7,000 ft³/s)
Basin area 27,292 km² (10,538 mi²)
Map showing the position of the Main in Germany
Map showing the position of the Main in Germany

The Main (pronounced in German (Mein) like the English word mine) is a river in Germany, 524 km (329 mile) long (including White Main, 574 km (357 mi)), and one of the more significant tributaries of the Rhine river. It flows through the German states of Bavaria, Baden-Württemberg (forming the border to Bavaria for some miles) and Hesse. Its catchment basin competes with the Danube for water; as a result, much of its boundaries are identical with those of the European Watershed. The Main is formed near Kulmbach by the joining of its two headstreams, the Red Main and the White Main. The former rises from the Frankish Alb, 50 km (30 mi) in length, and runs through Creussen and Bayreuth. The latter's source is located in the mountains of the Fichtelgebirge; it is 41 km (25 mi) long. Major tributaries of the Main are the Regnitz, the Fränkische Saale, the Tauber, and the Nidda River. Main can refer to any of the following: The Main river in Germany. ... Image File history File links Würzburg_Löwenbrücke. ... Würzburg Residenz. ... [[ == Headline text == This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Oberfranken (Upper Franconia) is one of the three administrative regions of Franconia in Bavaria, Germany. ... It has been suggested that River Rhine Pollution: November 1986 be merged into this article or section. ... A drainage basin is the area within the drainage basin divide (blue outline), and drains the surface runoff and river discharge (green lines) of a contiguous area. ... In hydrology, the discharge of a river is the volume of water transported by it in a certain amount of time. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1138x1174, 208 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Main ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1138x1174, 208 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Main ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... For other uses, see River (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that River Rhine Pollution: November 1986 be merged into this article or section. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... For other uses, see Bavaria (disambiguation). ... Location Coordinates , , Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DE1 Capital Stuttgart Minister-President Günther Oettinger (CDU) Governing parties CDU / FDP Votes in Bundesrat 6 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  35,752 km² (13,804 sq mi) Population 10,741,000 (11/2006)[1]  - Density... Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DE7 Capital Wiesbaden Largest city Frankfurt Minister-President Roland Koch (CDU) Governing party CDU Votes in Bundesrat 5 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  21,100 km² (8,147 sq mi) Population 6,077,000 (08/2006)[1]  - Density... This article is about the Danube River. ... The European Watershed is the line which divides the drainage basins of the major rivers of Germany; the Rhine river, which originates in the European Alps and empties into the North Sea via Holland, and the Danube River, which originates in the Black Forest and flows eastward emptying into the... Kulmbach is a town in Bavaria, capital of the district Kulmbach. ... For other uses, see Main (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Main (disambiguation). ... The Frankish Alb (German Fränkische Alb) is an upland in Bavaria, Germany. ... Creußen is a town in the district of Bayreuth, in Bavaria, Germany. ... Bayreuth [pronounced by-royt] is a town in northern Bavaria, Germany, on the Red Main river in a valley between the Frankish Alb and the Fichtelgebirge. ... The Fichtelgebirge is a mountain range in northeastern Bavaria, Germany. ... The Regnitz is a river in Bavaria, Germany. ... The Fränkische Saale (Franconian Saale) is a 136 km long river in Bavaria, Germany. ... Mr. ... The Nidda is a tributary of the Main river in Hesse. ...


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Navigation

Shipping on the Main, Frankfurt
Shipping on the Main, Frankfurt

The Main is navigable for river shipping from its mouth at the Rhine close to Mainz, via the Rhine-Main-Danube Canal and the highly regulated Altmühl river, all the way to the Danube. The river has been canalized with 34 large locks (300 m x 12 m, 984 feet by 39 feet) to allow CEMT class V (110 m x 11.45 m, 360 ft x 37.5 ft) vessels to navigate the total length of the river. The 16 locks in the adjacent Rhine-Main-Danube Canal are of the same dimensions, as are the locks on the Danube. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 1542 KB) Summary The TMS Julius Beckmann (86 meters long, 9. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 1542 KB) Summary The TMS Julius Beckmann (86 meters long, 9. ... Mainz is a city in Germany and the capital of the German federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate. ... the Rhine-Main Danube Canal (in the foreground) near Nuremberg The Rhine-Main-Danube Canal (also called Main-Danube Canal, RMD Canal or Europa Canal) connects the Main and Danube from Bamberg by Nuremberg to Regensburg. ... The Altmühl is a river in Bavaria, Germany. ... This article is about the Danube River. ...


The river's mouth is 1000 kilometers (600 mi) away from the junction with the Rhine-Main-Danube Canal. The winding course is the main reason for this considerable length; if the river was straight, it would be probably less than half its current length. Because the river is rather narrow for much of the upstream stretches, navigation with larger vessels and push convoys requires great skills.


The river has gained enormous importance as a vital part of European "Corridor VII", the inland waterway link from the North Sea to the Black Sea [1]. The ten Pan-European transport corridors were defined at the second Pan-European transport Conference in Crete, March 1994, as routes in Central and Eastern Europe that required major investment over the next ten to fifteen years. ...

confluence into the Rhine
confluence into the Rhine

Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1000x665, 627 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Main ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1000x665, 627 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Main ...

References

  • NoorderSoft Waterways Database
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Main (River)


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