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Encyclopedia > Maid Marian
Robin Hood and Maid Marian (poster, ca. 1880)
Robin Hood and Maid Marian (poster, ca. 1880)

Maid Marian is the female companion to the legendary figure Robin Hood. Although stemming from another, older tradition, she became associated with Robin Hood only in the sixteenth century.[1] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Robin Hood memorial statue in Nottingham. ...

Contents

History

The earliest Medieval Robin Hood stories gave him no female companion. The Robin Hood character at this time was a rather brutish woodsman and a female companion would have been out of place.[2] The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times. ...


Maid Marian was originally a character in May Games festivities (held during May and early June, most commonly around Whitsun) (Knight pp.11-12) and is sometimes associated with the Queen or Lady of May of May Day. She became associated with Robin Hood in this context, as Robin Hood became a central figure in May Day, associated as it was with the forest and archery. Both Robin and Marian were certainly associated with May Day festivities in England (as was Friar Tuck); these were originally two distinct types of performance — Alexander Barclay, writing in c.1500, refers to "some merry fytte of Maid Marian or else of Robin Hood" — but the characters were brought together.[3] The word Whitsun is another name for Pentecost It has that meaning in the following: Whitsun, a poem by Sylvia Plath The Whitsun Weddings, a poem by Philip Larkin A Whitsun Ale (esp. ... May Day is May 1, and refers to any of several holidays celebrated on this day. ... Friar Tuck is a fictional character, a companion of Robin Hood, and one of his Merry Men. Although a common character in the modern Robin Hood legend, Tuck does not appear in the earliest surviving Robin Hood ballads, and only has one major appearance in the ballad tradition, a late...


Marian is likely derived from the French tradition of a shepherdess named Marion and her shepherd lover Robin (not Robin Hood). The best known example of this tradition is Adam de la Halle's Le Jeu de Robin et Marion, circa 1283.[4] Adam de la Halle (also known as Adam le Bossu (Adam the Hunchback) 1237?-1288) was a French-born trouvère, poet and musician, who broke with the long-established tradition of writing liturgical poetry and music to be an early founder of secular theater in France. ... The Jeu de Robin et Marion is reputedly the earliest French secular play with music, and is the most famous work of Adam de la Halle. ...


Marion, indeed, remained associated with such celebrations long after the fashion of Robin Hood faded again.[5]


Many early Robin Hood tales deal with Robin's devotion to the Virgin Mary (such as in Robin Hood and the Monk), but this aspect of the character vanishes as Maid Marian makes her way into the tales. This, combined with Marian's initial status as a virginal maid, suggests another possible origin for the character. The term Virgin Mary has several different meanings: Mary, the mother of Jesus, the historical and multi-denominational concept of Mary Blessed Virgin Mary, the Roman Catholic theological and doctrinal concept of Mary Marian apparitions shrines to the Virgin Mary Virgin Mary in Islam, the Islamic theological and doctrinal concept... Robin Hood and the Monk is Child ballad 119, and among the oldest existing ballads of Robin Hood, existing in manuscript from about 1450 AD. It may have been originally recited rather than sung; it refers to itself as a talking in its last verse: Thus endys the talkyng of...


Marian did not immediately gain the unquestioned role as Robin's love; in Robin Hood's Birth, Breeding, Valor and Marriage, his sweetheart is 'Clorinda the Queen of the Shepherdesses'.[6] Clorinda survives in some later stories as an alias of Marian.[7] Robin Hoods Birth, Breeding, Valor and Marriage is Child ballad 149. ...


Character

In narrative terms, Maid Marian was first attached to Robin Hood in the late sixteenth century as Robin was gentrified and given a virginal maid to pine after. Her biography and character have been highly variable over the centuries, being sometimes portrayed as a pagan or Saxon and other times as a high born Norman. (Marian's role was not entirely virginal in the early days. In 1592, Thomas Nashe described the Marian of the later May Games as being played by a male actor named Martin, and there are hints in the play of Robin Hood and the Friar that the female character in these plays had become a lewd parody.) The famous parade helmet found at Sutton Hoo, probably belonging to King Raedwald of East Anglia circa 625. ... Norman conquests in red. ...


In an Elizabethan play, Alexander Munday made her a pseudonym of Matilda Fitzwalter, the historical daughter of Robert Fitzwalter, who had to flee England because an attempt to assassinate King John. This was legendarily attributed to King John's attempts to seduce Matilda.[8] Robert Fitzwalter (d. ...


In the Victorian Era she reverted to her previous role as the dainty maid. This highborn woman appears in many movies, under various characters: in The Adventures of Robin Hood, she is a courageous and loyal woman, whose initial antagonism to Robin springs not from aristocratic disdain but out of dislike of robbery;[9] in The Story of Robin Hood and His Merrie Men, she, though a lady-in-waiting to Eleanor of Aquitaine during the Crusades, is a mischievous tomboy capable of escaping over the countryside disguised as a boy.[10] With the rise of modern feminism in the 20th century, the character has often been depicted as an adventurer again, sometimes as a crack archer herself. In modern times, a common ending for Robin Hood stories became that he married Maid Marian and left the woods for a civilized, aristocratic life. Queen Victoria (shown here on the morning of her accession to the Throne, 20 June 1837) gave her name to the historic era The Victorian era of the United Kingdom marked the height of the British Industrial Revolution and the apex of the British Empire. ... The Adventures of Robin Hood is a 1938 film based on the Robin Hood legend. ... The Story of Robin Hood and His Merrie Men is a live action Disney version of the Robin Hood story. ... Eleanor of Aquitaine Eleanor of Aquitaine (Aliénor dAquitaine in French), Duchess of Aquitaine and Gascony and Countess of Poitou (1122[1] –April 1, 1204) was one of the wealthiest and most powerful women in Europe during the High Middle Ages. ... The Siege of Antioch, from a medieval miniature painting, during the First Crusade. ... Feminism is a number of social, cultural and political movements, theories and moral philosophies that are concerned with cultural, political and economic practices and inequalities that discriminate against women. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... It has been suggested that Primitive Archery be merged into this article or section. ...


In yet another incarnation, Marion is depicted as an albino, who is part of an enclave of outcasts consiting of 'freaks' that have been thrown out of the city by the Sherriff, and provide Robin with the first few Merry Men.


Literature

Douglas Fairbanks as Robin Hood giving Enid Bennett as Maid Marian a dagger
Douglas Fairbanks as Robin Hood giving Enid Bennett as Maid Marian a dagger

There have been several books based on the fictional character: Image File history File links Size of this preview: 479 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (1223 × 1530 pixel, file size: 569 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Maid Marian ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 479 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (1223 × 1530 pixel, file size: 569 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Maid Marian ...

The coronation banquet for George IV 1821 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Thomas Love Peacock (October 18, 1785 - January 23, 1866) was an English satirist and author. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Elsa Watson is an American author. ... Jennifer Roberson is an author of fantasy and historical literature. ... Jennifer Roberson is an author of fantasy and historical literature. ... Theresa Tomlinson (or Thomlinson) (1946-) is a childrens author. ... The cover of Sonic the Hedgehog #1, published by Archie Comics Sonic the Hedgehog is an ongoing series of comic books published by Archie Comics, featuring Segas mascot video game character Sonic. ... This article is for minor characters that appear exclusively in the story lines of theSonic the Hedgehog TV Series and comic series of the same name. ... Anthropomorphism, also referred to as personification or prosopopeia, is the attribution of human characteristics to inanimate objects, animals, forces of nature, and others. ... Species Genus Tachyglossus    T. aculeatus Genus Zaglossus    Z. attenboroughi    Z. bruijnii    Z. bartoni    â€ Z. hacketti    â€ Z. robustus Genus †Megalibgwilia    â€ M. ramsayi    â€ M. robusta For other senses of this word, see echidna (disambiguation). ...

Television

  • In the BBC's 2006 version Robin Hood, Lucy Griffiths plays the role of Lady Marian, as opposed to Maid Marian. In this version of the tale, she is daughter of the old Sheriff of Nottingham. Head-strong and feisty, she is disgusted by the current Sheriff's schemes, and disguises herself as the Nightwatchman to deliver food to the poor. She is also shown as a talented archer. At one time Robin Hood's fiancee, their relationship is rocky after he returns from the crusades, and she is soon forced into an engagement with the Sheriff's second-in-command, Guy of Gisborne. She often feeds Robin information which helps him to outsmart and defeat the Sheriff's various plots.
  • Maid Marian was played by first by Bernadette O'Farrell, and then by Patricia Driscoll in The Adventures of Robin Hood.

Tony Robinson (born August 15, 1946) is an English actor, broadcaster and political campaigner, known for playing the part of Baldrick in the BBC TV series Blackadder and for hosting a number of shows on Channel 4, the most noteworthy being Time Team. ... Maid Marian and her Merry Men was a UK childrens television series created and written by Tony Robinson and directed by David Bell. ... The Merry Men are the group of outlaws who follow Robin Hood, according to English folklore. ... HTV Group plc is a television company, the ITV contractor of Wales and the West of England, owned by ITV plc. ... Robin of Sherwood, retitled Robin Hood in the US, was an acclaimed 1980s British television series, based on the legend of Robin Hood. ... Judi Trott (Born 11 November 1962, in Plymouth, England) is a British actress, best known for her portrayal of the Lady Marion of Leaford in the popular 1980s series Robin of Sherwood. ... Blackadder: Back & Forth (1999) was created for showing during 2000 in a cinema built near the Millennium Dome, by Sky Television and the BBC, with sponsorship from—among others—Tesco PLC. Spoiler warning: Blackadder is entertaining guests on New Years Eve, 1999. ... Brazilian supermodel Gisele Bündchen. ... Katherine Ann Moss (born January 16, 1974), known as Kate Moss, is an iconic English supermodel and fashion designer. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (920x691, 37 KB) Image captured from the end of the second episode of Robin_Hood (BBC TV series). ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (920x691, 37 KB) Image captured from the end of the second episode of Robin_Hood (BBC TV series). ... Lucy Griffiths (born 1987[1]) is an English actress. ... Robin Hood is a British television programme, produced by independent production company Tiger Aspect Productions for BBC One, with co-funding from the BBC America cable television channel in the United States. ... Lucy Griffiths (born 1987[1]) is an English actress. ... Sir Guy of Gisburne (also spelled Gisbourne, Gysborne or Gisborn) is a villain in the Robin Hood legends. ... Patricia Driscoll (born 17 December 1927) is an Irish actress who has appeared on both television and in films. ... The Adventures of Robin Hood was a popular, long-running British television series (143 half-hour, black and white episodes, 1955–1960) starring Richard Greene as Robin Hood. ...

Movies

Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Adventures of Robin Hood is the title of: a 1938 movie, starring Errol Flynn: see The Adventures of Robin Hood (movie) a television series of the 1950s, starring Richard Greene: see The Adventures of Robin Hood (series) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other... Olivia Mary de Havilland (born July 1, 1916) is a two-time Academy Award winning actress and is the last surviving principal cast member from Gone with the Wind. ... Disney may refer to: The Walt Disney Company and its divisions, including Walt Disney Pictures. ... Robin Hood is an animated film produced by the Walt Disney Studios, first released in the United States on November 8, 1973. ... Anthropomorphism, also referred to as personification or prosopopeia, is the attribution of human characteristics to inanimate objects, animals, forces of nature, and others. ... Vixen can refer to: A female fox, or A shrewish, ill-tempered or spiteful woman; a virago An attractive woman An all-female rock and roll band from the 1980s; see Vixen (band) Name for female performers in ECW. Another rock and roll band formed in 1982 featuring Marty Friedman. ... Monica Evans (born 1944) is a British actress best known for her portrayal of Cecily Pigeon in Neil Simons The Odd Couple. ... Requiem for a Dream is a 2000 film adaptation of a 1978 novel of the same name. ... Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves was a 1991 film directed by Kevin Reynolds. ... Mary Elizabeth Mastrantonio (born November 17, 1958 in Lombard, Illinois) is an American actress and singer of Italian descent. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... “Telefilm” redirects here. ... Robin Hood is a 1991 film starring Patrick Bergin and Uma Thurman. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, the lead section of this article may need to be expanded. ... Robin Hood: Men In Tights (1993) is a film parody of the story of Robin Hood, particularly parodying Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves. ... Amy Yasbeck Amy Yasbeck (born September 12, 1963, in Cincinnati, Ohio) is an American film and television actress. ... Year 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the 1976 Gregorian calendar. ... Robin and Marian is a 1976 film starring Sean Connery as Robin Hood, Audrey Hepburn as Maid Marian, Nicol Williamson as Little John, Robert Shaw as the Sheriff of Nottingham and Richard Harris as King Richard. ... Audrey Hepburn (May 4, 1929 – January 20, 1993) was an Academy Award-winning actress of film and theatre, Broadway stage performer, ballerina, fashion model, and humanitarian. ...

Music

  • In Page McConnell's solo album, Page McConnell, a song is entitled "Maid Marian", claiming that Page is "...not looking for Maid Marian".

Page Samuel McConnell (born May 17, 1963 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) is a pianist/organist/keyboardist most noted for his work with the rock band Phish. ...

References

  1. ^ Holt, J. C. Robin Hood p 37 (1982) Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-27541-6.
  2. ^ Jeffrey Richards, Swordsmen of the Screen: From Douglas Fairbanks to Michael York, p 190, Routledge & Kegan Paul, Lond, Henly and Boston, 1988
  3. ^ Jeffrey Richards, Swordsmen of the Screen: From Douglas Fairbanks to Michael York, p 190, Routledge & Kegan Paul, Lond, Henly and Boston, 1988
  4. ^ Ronald Hutton, The Stations of the Sun, p 270-1, ISBN 0-19-288045-4
  5. ^ Ronald Hutton, The Stations of the Sun, p 274, ISBN 0-19-288045-4
  6. ^ Holt, J. C. Robin Hood p 165 (1982) Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-27541-6.
  7. ^ Allen W. Wright, "A Beginner's Guide to Robin Hood"
  8. ^ Allen W. Wright, The Search for the Real Robin Hood
  9. ^ Jeffrey Richards, Swordsmen of the Screen: From Douglas Fairbanks to Michael York, p 200, Routledge & Kegan Paul, Lond, Henly and Boston, 1988
  10. ^ Jeffrey Richards, Swordsmen of the Screen: From Douglas Fairbanks to Michael York, p 201, Routledge & Kegan Paul, Lond, Henly and Boston, 1988
  • Knight, Stephen (2003) Robin Hood: A Mythic Biography. University of Cornell Press.

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Maid Marian - LoveToKnow 1911 (310 words)
MAID MARIAN, a personage incorporated in the English legend of Robin Hood.
219), which tells how Maid Marian sought Robin in the forest disguised as a page, and fought with him for an hour before she recognized him by his voice.
Their several histories were fused by the Elizabethan dramatists, and associated with the Maid Marian of the morris dance, who up to that time had probably only a vague connexion with Robin Hood.
Maid Marian ~ Elsa Watson ~ eBookMall ~ eBooks (748 words)
An orphan and heiress to a large country estate, Marian Fitzwater is wed at the age of five to an equally young nobleman, Lord Hugh of Sencaster, a union that joins her inheritance to his and vastly enriches his family.
Marian's fate lies in the hands of his mother, the formidable Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine, who will arrange her second marriage.
Marian is surprised to discover that the famed "prince of thieves" is not only helpful but handsome, likable, and sympathetic to her plight.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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