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Encyclopedia > Mahmoud Asgari and Ayaz Marhoni

Mahmoud Asgari (Persian: محمود عسگري) and Ayaz Marhoni (Persian: عياض مرهوني) were Iranian teenagers from the province of Khuzestan who were publicly hanged in Edalat (Justice) Square in Mashhad, northeast Iran, on July 19, 2005. “Farsi” redirects here. ... “Farsi” redirects here. ... Map showing Khuzestan in Iran Domes like this are quite common in Khuzestan province. ... Hanging is the suspension of a person by a ligature, usually a cord wrapped around the neck, causing death. ... Mashhad (Persian: , literally the place of martyrdom) is the second largest city in Iran and one of the holiest cities in the Shiah world. ... is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The case attracted the attention of the international media on two grounds: firstly, due to the belief that the boys had been executed for engaging in consensual homosexual sex, while the Iranian judiciary assert it was for the forcible rape of a third boy; and secondly, due to the fact that the two were believed to have been juveniles at the time of the offense, and one believed to have been a juvenile at the time of his execution.[1] The facts of the case are still subject to heated debate. Sexual behavior is a form of physical intimacy that may be directed to reproduction (one possible goal of sexual intercourse) and/or to the enjoyment of activity involving sexual gratification. ... In law, a person who is not yet a legal adult is known as a minor (known in some places as an infant or juvenile). ...

A poster at the Iranian embassy in Paris protesting the execution

Contents

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Background

Under some interpretations, Shari'a (Islamic Law) permits the death penalty for homosexual acts, but the Convention on the Rights of the Child, of which Iran is a signatory, forbids the execution of juveniles. According to Asgari's lawyer, Rohollah Razaz Zadeh, "death sentences handed to children by Iranian courts are supposed to be commuted to five years in jail" [2], but the Supreme Court in Tehran upheld the death sentence. The ages of the boys remains unclear, with some sources claiming they were fourteen and sixteen at the time of their arrests and sixteen and eighteen when executed[citation needed]. By Iranian law, males are considered adult at age 15. Sharia (Arabic: transliteration: ) is the dynamic body of Islamic religious law. ... Capital punishment, or the death penalty, is the execution of a convicted criminal by the state as punishment for crimes known as capital crimes or capital offences. ... Convention on the Rights of the Child Opened for signature 20 November 1989 in - Entered into force September 2, 1990 Conditions for entry into force 20 ratifications or accessions (Article 49) Parties 193 (only 2 non-parties: USA and Somalia) The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child... In law, a person who is not yet a legal adult is known as a minor (known in some places as an infant or juvenile). ... The supreme court functions as a court of last resort whose rulings cannot be challenged, in some countries, provinces and states. ... For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ... Capital punishment, also referred to as the death penalty, is the judicially ordered execution of a prisoner as a punishment for a serious crime, often called a capital offense or a capital crime. ...


On July 19, 2005, the Iranian Students' News Agency posted an article claiming that two boys had been executed that day for participating in consensual homosexual sex.[1][3] The report was taken up by gay-rights group OutRage! and spread to other human rights groups and western news agencies from there. The next day, an Iranian opposition group, the National Council of Resistance released a press release about the executions, stating that: "The victims were charged with disrupting public order among other things".[4] No other charges were indicated. is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... ISNA – The First Students News Agency STUDENT NEWS AGENCY can be introduced in the category of STUDENT MEDIA. Iranian Student News Agency (ISNA,http://isna. ... LGBT rights Around the world · By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Persecution Violence OutRage! is a direct action campaigning group in the United Kingdom which was formed to fight for the rights of lesbian, gay and bisexual people. ... “MKO” redirects here. ...


International concern

On July 22, 2005, Amnesty International issued a news release saying: is the 203rd day of the year (204th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is a pressure group that promotes human rights. ...

"According to reports, they were convicted of sexual assault on a 13-year-old boy and had been detained 14 months ago. Prior to their execution, the two were also given 228 lashes each for drinking, disturbing the peace and theft."[5]

In Tehran, Nobel Peace laureate Shirin Ebadi decried the imposition of the death penalty on minors and discounted the government's allegation that the two had raped a younger boy in the northeastern part of the country. [6] Shirin Ebadi at a press conference in November 2005. ...


London-based gay rights campaigning group OutRage! disputed the allegations of rape, citing "clandestine gay and lesbian activists inside Iran, members of the democratic and left Iranian opposition, and the websites of pro-government news agencies in Iran" as sources. OutRage! member Peter Tatchell pointed to the executions of over four thousand Iranian lesbians and gay men since 1979, and stated the executions were "... just the latest barbarity by the Islamo-fascists in Iran."[citation needed] This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... The gay rights movement is a collection of loosely aligned civil rights groups, human rights groups, support groups and political activists seeking acceptance, tolerance and equality for non-heterosexual, (homosexual, bisexual), and transgender people - despite the fact that it is typically referred to as the gay rights movement, members also... LGBT rights Around the world · By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Persecution Violence OutRage! is a direct action campaigning group in the United Kingdom which was formed to fight for the rights of lesbian, gay and bisexual people. ... LGBT rights Around the world By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Discrimination Violence This box:      Peter Gary Tatchell (born 25 January 1952) is an Australian-British human rights activist, who is best known internationally for his attempts to perform a citizens... A lesbian is a woman who is romantically and sexually attracted only to other women. ... GAY can mean: Gay, a term referring to homosexual men or women The IATA code for Gaya Airport Category: ...


Both Sweden and The Netherlands responded to the executions by announcing that they will immediately halt extraditions of gays to Iran. The Dutch government also announced that its Ministry of Foreign Affairs would investigate the treatment of gays and lesbians in the Islamic state, and would immediately halt all extraditions of gay Iranian asylum-seekers. Civil rights groups in the US, United Kingdom and Russia have also called for the creation of similar policies.[7] Extradition is the official process by which one nation or state requests and obtains from another nation or state the surrender of a suspected or convicted criminal. ... A minister for foreign affairs, or foreign minister, is a governmental cabinet minister who helps form the foreign policy of a sovereign nation. ... Extradition is the official process by which one nation or state requests and obtains from another nation or state the surrender of a suspected or convicted criminal. ...


U.S. Congressman Tom Lantos (D-CA 12th) characterized the executions as violations of Iran's obligations under international law and a sign of bias against gays: Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... A Congressman or Congresswoman (generically, Congressperson) is a politician who is a member of a Congress. ... Thomas Peter Tom Lantos, Ph. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Map Californias 12th congressional district is one of 53 California Congressional Districts. ...

"This sickening episode shines a bright light on the severe shortcomings of the Iranian legal system. No matter what legal sources or traditions a country bases its law upon, there is no justification for whipping and executing people amid an angry mob — particularly not when the convicts committed offenses while they were minors, who are specifically protected under international law. And in this case, authorities apparently chose to play on deep-seated feelings of bigotry toward homosexuality."[8] An ochlocracy from The Simpsons Ochlocracy (Greek: οχλοκρατία or ohlokratía; Latin: ochlocratia) is government by mob or a mass of people, or the intimidation of constitutional authorities. ...

Controversy

Journalist Afdhere Jama interviewed numerous sources from Mashhad who maintain that Mahmoud Asgari, Ayaz Marhoni, and five other friends were originally accused of committing consensual homosexual acts on each other (Lavaat). One of the accusers is believed to be an older half-brother of Ayaz Marhoni.[9]


The seven boys were taken into police custody, and then examined by a doctor for signs of rectal scarring. Asgari, Marhoni, and a 13-year-old friend tested positive, while the other boys did not. As punishment, Asgari, Marhoni, and the 13-year-old received lashes administered by law enforcement officers.[9]


The father of the 13-year-old boy is said to be a senior Revolutionary Guards officer. Mashhad sources interviewed by Jama insist that the father’s position, one which deals largely with suppressing internal dissent, and defending the regime, grants him a very high social and political status. Sources believe this is why the typically unyielding Iranian government had so freely changed the 13-year-old’s account from consensual homosexual sex to rape. It also explains why Marhoni and Asgari, both minors, had received such harsh punishments.[9] This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Aftermath

Based on information available at the time, Paula Ettelbrick, executive director of the International Gay & Lesbian Human Rights Commission, said "It was not a gay case," taking issue with the Human Rights Campaign’s statement that was quick to condemn the execution as anti-gay. "We would welcome HRC’s involvement in demanding that our government speak out on human rights violations. It was just the wrong case,” she said.[10] Ettelbrick said she was also disturbed by the religiously charged language used by some gay rights groups to condemn the execution, such as when Peter Tatchell of Outrage! said in a statement, "This is just the latest barbarity by the Islamo-fascists in Iran."[11] . LGBT rights Around the world By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Discrimination Violence This box:      Peter Gary Tatchell (born 25 January 1952) is an Australian-British human rights activist, who is best known internationally for his attempts to perform a citizens... Islamofascism is a controversial neologism suggesting an association of the ideological or operational characteristics of certain modern Islamist movements with European fascist movements of the early 20th century, neofascist movements, or totalitarianism. ...


In March 2006 Dutch Immigration Minister Rita Verdonk ("Iron Rita") proposed an end to a moratorium on deporting gay asylum-seekers to Iran, stating that it was now clear "that there is no question of executions or death sentences based solely on the fact that a defendant is gay", adding that homosexuality was never the primary charge against people.[12]. Under parliamentary pressure she was forced to extend the moratorium on deportation for a further six months. [13] Drs. ...


The one year anniversary of the hangings in Mashhad was designated an International Day of Action Against Homophobic Persecution in Iran by OutRage! and IDAHO (the International Day Against Homophobia), with vigils planned for Amsterdam, Berlin, Brussels, Chicago, Fort Lauderdale, Frankfurt, London, Marseille, Mexico City, Moscow, New York, Sacramento, San Diego, San Francisco, Seattle, Stockholm, Tehran, Toronto, Vancouver, Vienna, Warsaw, and Washington, D.C., and with hearings planned in the British House of Commons.[14] LGBT rights Around the world · By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Persecution Violence OutRage! is a direct action campaigning group in the United Kingdom which was formed to fight for the rights of lesbian, gay and bisexual people. ... IDAHO (International Day Against Homophobia) is an event taking place on May 17 aimed at decreasing homophobia worldwide. ...


Cultural references

The album Fundamental by the British musical group Pet Shop Boys is "Dedicated to Mahmoud Asgari and Ayaz Marhoni". Fundamental will be the ninth studio album by British band Pet Shop Boys which is due for release on 22 May 2006. ... Pet Shop Boys are an English synthpop/pop music grammy-nominated duo, consisting of Neil Tennant who provides main vocals, keyboards and very occasionally guitar, and Chris Lowe on keyboards and occasionally on vocals. ...


See also

LGBT rights Around the world By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Discrimination Violence This box:      Since the Iranian Revolution of 1979, some LGBT and human rights groups have cited a lack of tolerance toward the gay community. ... For age-structured homosexuality, see Pederasty in the Middle East Islamic views on homosexuality are as varied as those of most other major religions and have changed throughout history. ... The current judicial system of Iran was implemented and established by Ali Akbar Davar and some of his contemporaries. ...

External links

References

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b Kim, R. (2005.) "Witness to an Execution". The Nation. Retrieved December 31, 2006.
  2. ^ http://www.nyblade.com/thelatest/thelatest.cfm?blog_id=1786
  3. ^ http://isna.ir/Main/NewsView.aspx?ID=News-556874 (in Persian)
  4. ^ http://www.ncr-iran.org/content/view/222/69/
  5. ^ http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGMDE130382005
  6. ^ http://www.365gay.com/newscon05/07/072505Iran.htm
  7. ^ http://www.365gay.com/newscon05/07/073105holland.htm
  8. ^ http://www.nyblade.com/thelatest/thelatest.cfm?blog_id=1786
  9. ^ a b c http://pglo.net/english/MASHHAD%20PLACE_OF_MARTYRDOM.pdf
  10. ^ [1]
  11. ^ [2]
  12. ^ [3]
  13. ^ [4]
  14. ^ [5]

Other Sources


  Results from FactBites:
 
Capital Defense Weekly: Mahmoud Asgari and Ayaz Marhoni: One year leater (380 words)
On July 19, 2005 Mahmoud Asgari and Ayaz Marhoni were executed in Edalat Square in Mashhad amidst accuasation of homosexuality.
While the teenagers were accused of raping a 13-year-old boy, several human rights groups believe they were really executed for admitting to having had gay sex and that the rape charge was merely trumped up.
Any information or links contained on this website should not be viewed as the furnishing of legal advice or as to any claim of specialization rather is given for informational puproses only and does not constitute the formation of an attorney-client relationship.
Mahmoud Asgari and Ayaz Marhoni - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography (1207 words)
Iranian youths Mahmoud Asgari and Ayaz Marhoni on the scaffold.
Mahmoud Asgari (Persian: محمود عسگري‎ ​;) and Ayaz Marhoni (Persian: عياض مرهوني‎ ​;) were Iranian teenagers from the province of Khuzestan who were hanged in Edalat (Justice) Square in Mashhad, northeast Iran, on July 19 2005.
According to Asgari's lawyer, Rohollah Razaz Zadeh, "death sentences handed to children by Iranian courts are supposed to be commuted to five years in jail," [1], but the Supreme Court in Tehran upheld the death sentence.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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