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Encyclopedia > Mahmoud Abbas
محمود عباس
Mahmoud Abbas
Mahmoud Abbas

Incumbent
Assumed office 
15 January 2005
Prime Minister Ahmad Qurei
Nabil Shaath
Ahmad Qurei
Ismail Haniyeh
Salam Fayyad
Preceded by Rauhi Fattouh

In office
19 March 2003 – 06 September 2003
President Yasser Arafat
Preceded by Office created
Succeeded by Ahmad Qurei

Born 26 March 1935 (1935-03-26) (age 72)
British Mandate of Palestine Safed, British Mandate of Palestine
Nationality Palestinian
Political party Fatah
Spouse Amina

Mahmoud Abbas (Arabic: محمود عباس) (born March 26, 1935), also known by the kunya Abu Mazen (ابو مازن), was elected President of the Palestinian National Authority (PNA) on January 9, 2005, and took office on January 15, 2005.[1] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The President of the Palestinian National Authority is the highest-ranking political position (equivalent to head of state) in the Palestinian National Authority (PNA). ... Open seat redirects here. ... is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ahmed Ali Mohammed Qurei (or Qureia), also known as Abu Alaa, was the Speaker of the Palestinian Legislative Council and is currently Prime Minister and holds the security portfolio of the Palestinian Authority. ... Nabil Shaath (also spelled Shaath, born 1938), a senior Palestinian official, has held the following titles: Palestinian chief negotiator Palestinian cabinet minister Palestinian International Co-operation Minister Planning Minister for the Palestinian National Authority Acting Prime Minister of the PNA Shaath served as Palestines first ever foreign minister... Ahmed Ali Mohammed Qurei (or Qureia), also known as Abu Alaa, was the Speaker of the Palestinian Legislative Council and is currently Prime Minister and holds the security portfolio of the Palestinian Authority. ... Ismail Haniyeh (Arabic: إسماعيل هنية; sometimes transliterated as Ismail Haniya or Ismail Haniyah); born January 1963) is a senior political leader of Hamas and former Prime Minister of the Palestinian National Authority. ... Dr. Salam Fayyad (Arabic: ; b. ... Rawhi Fattuh (روحي فتوح, also transliterated as Rauhi Fattouh) (born 1953) was the interim President of the Palestinian Authority, following the death of Yasser Arafat on November 11, 2004 until January 15, 2005. ... The Prime Minister of the Palestinian National Authority is the head of government of the Palestinian government. ... is the 78th day of the year (79th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 6 is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years). ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Not to be confused with Yasir Arafat (cricketer). ... Ahmed Ali Mohammed Qurei (or Qureia), also known as Abu Alaa, was the Speaker of the Palestinian Legislative Council and is currently Prime Minister and holds the security portfolio of the Palestinian Authority. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year (86th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... Image File history File links Palestine-Mandate-Ensign-1927-1948. ... Safed (Hebrew: צְפַת, Tiberian: , Israeli: Tsfat, Ashkenazi: Tzfas; Arabic: صفد ; KJV English: Zephath) is a city in the North District in Israel. ... Flag The approximate borders of the British Mandate circa 1922. ... Not to be confused with Fatah Revolutionary Council or Fatah al-Islam. ... Arabic redirects here. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year (86th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... A kunya (Arabic: ) is an honorific widely used in place of given names through the Arab world. ... The 2005 Palestinian presidential election — the first to be held since 1996 — took place on January 9, 2005 in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. ... The President of the Palestinian Authority is the highest-ranking political position (equivalent to head of state) in the Palestinian National Authority (PNA). ... “Palestinian government” redirects here. ... is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Abbas is a leading politician in Fatah. He served as the first Prime Minister of the Palestinian Authority from March to October 2003 when he resigned citing lack of support from Israel and the United States as well as "internal incitement" against his government. [2] Before being named Prime Minister, Abbas led the PLO's Negotiations Affairs Department. He has served as Chairman of the PLO Executive Committee since November 11, 2004, after Yasser Arafat's death. Abbas is frequently portrayed by Israel and the West as the face of Palestinian moderation. Not to be confused with Fatah Revolutionary Council or Fatah al-Islam. ... Prime Ministers of the Palestinian Authority List of Prime Ministers 2003-03-19 - 2003-09-06: Mahmoud Abbas 2003-10-07 - present, Ahmad Qurei Categories: Government stubs ... is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Not to be confused with Yasir Arafat (cricketer). ...

Contents

Childhood and education

Mahmoud Ridha Abbas was born in 1935 in Safed, then part of the British Mandate of Palestine. His family became refugees during the war of 1948 and settled in Syria. In Syria he attended school and graduated from the University of Damascus before going to Egypt where he studied law. Subsequently, Abbas entered graduate studies at the Institute of Oriental Studies in Moscow, where he earned a Ph.D. His thesis completed in 1982 was called The Secret Connection between the Nazis and the Leaders of the Zionist Movement.[3][4] In 1984, a book based on Abbas's doctoral dissertation was published in Arabic by Dar Ibn Rushd publishers in Amman, Jordan. His doctoral thesis later became a book, The Other Side: the Secret Relationship Between Nazism and Zionism, which, following his appointment as Palestinian Prime Minister in 2003, was heavily criticized as an example of Holocaust denial. In his book, Abbas wrote: Safed (Hebrew: צְפַת, Tiberian: , Israeli: Tsfat, Ashkenazi: Tzfas; Arabic: صفد ; KJV English: Zephath) is a city in the North District in Israel. ... Flag The approximate borders of the British Mandate circa 1922. ... Damascus University is the largest and oldest university in Syria. ... For other uses, see Law (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... Arabic redirects here. ... For other meanings, see Amman (disambiguation) and Ammann. ... Nazism in history Nazi ideology Nazism and race Outside Germany Related subjects Lists Politics Portal         Nazism or National Socialism (German: Nationalsozialismus), refers primarily to the ideology and practices of the Nazi Party (National Socialist German Workers Party, German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) under Adolf Hitler. ... This article is about Zionism as a movement, not the History of Israel. ... Richard Harwoods Did Six Million Really Die? Holocaust denial is the claim that the mainstream historical version of the Holocaust is either highly exaggerated or completely falsified. ...

"It seems that the interest of the Zionist movement, however, is to inflate this figure [of Holocaust deaths] so that their gains will be greater. This led them to emphasize this figure [six million] in order to gain the solidarity of international public opinion with Zionism. Many scholars have debated the figure of six million and reached stunning conclusions—fixing the number of Jewish victims at only a few hundred thousand." [5][6][7] For other uses, see Holocaust (disambiguation) and Shoah (disambiguation). ...

In his May 2003 interview with Haaretz, Abbas stated: Haaretz (Hebrew: (help· info), The Land) is an Israeli newspaper, founded in 1919. ...

"I wrote in detail about the Holocaust and said I did not want to discuss numbers. I quoted an argument between historians in which various numbers of casualties were mentioned. One wrote there were 12 million victims and another wrote there were 800,000. I have no desire to argue with the figures. The Holocaust was a terrible, unforgivable crime against the Jewish nation, a crime against humanity that cannot be accepted by humankind. The Holocaust was a terrible thing and nobody can claim I denied it." [8]

Involvement with politics

Abbas, President of the United States George W. Bush, and then-Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon at the Red Sea Summit in Aqaba, Jordan on June 4, 2003.
Abbas, President of the United States George W. Bush, and then-Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon at the Red Sea Summit in Aqaba, Jordan on June 4, 2003.

In the mid-1950s Abbas became heavily involved in underground Palestinian politics, joining a number of exiled Palestinians in Qatar, where he was Director of Personnel in the emirate's Civil Service. While there, he recruited a number of people who would become key figures in the Palestine Liberation Organization, and was one of the founding members of Fatah in 1957. Yasser Arafat was among other key members. http://www. ... http://www. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... The Prime Minister of Israel (Hebrew: ראש הממשלה, Rosh HaMemshala, lit. ...   (Hebrew: , also known by his diminutive Arik אָרִיק) (born February 27, 1928) is a former Israeli politician and general. ... Aqaba (Arabic: العقبة al-Ê»Aqabah) is a coastal town with a population of 101,290 (2000) and 2% of Jordans population in the far south of Jordan (). It is the capital of Aqaba Governorate. ... is the 155th day of the year (156th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) (Arabic: ;   or Munazzamat al-Tahrir al-Filastiniyyah) is a multi-party confederation and is the organization regarded since 1974 as the sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people. ... Not to be confused with Fatah Revolutionary Council or Fatah al-Islam. ... Not to be confused with Yasir Arafat (cricketer). ...


Throughout the 1960s, 70s, and 80s, Abbas traveled with Arafat and the rest of the PLO leadership in exile to Jordan, Lebanon and Tunisia (see article on Yasser Arafat for details). Though he garnered little attention, particularly in the Western media, Abbas is said to have had a powerful behind-the-scenes influence on the PLO. He is regarded as an intellectual pragmatist by some commentators. Abbas began to argue for the recognition of Israel at the times when such position was unpopular in the PLO; Dennis Ross recounts Abbas' words that he was "swimming against the stream" in the 70s trying to move the Fatah towards recognizing Israel. [9] He is credited with initiating secretive contacts with left-wing and pacifist Jewish groups during the 1970s and 80s, and is considered by many to be a major architect of the 1993 Oslo peace accords (evidenced in part by the fact that he traveled with Arafat to the White House to sign the accords). Not to be confused with Yasir Arafat (cricketer). ... Ambassador Dennis Ross speaking at Emory University Dennis B. Ross is an American author and political figure who served as the director for policy planning in the State Department under President George H.W. Bush and special Middle East coordinator under President Bill Clinton. ... Not to be confused with Fatah Revolutionary Council or Fatah al-Islam. ... For other uses, see White House (disambiguation). ...


At the same time he has performed diplomatic duties, presenting a moderating face for PLO policies. Abbas was the first PLO official to visit Saudi Arabia after the Gulf War in January 1993 to mend fences with the Gulf countries for the PLO's opposition to the US attack on Iraq during the crisis. At the 1993 peace accord with Israel, Abbas was the signatory for the PLO on September 13, 1993. He published a memoir, Through Secret Channels: The Road to Oslo (1995). For other uses, see Iraq war (disambiguation). ...


1972 Olympic Massacre

The Munich massacre occurred at the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, Germany, when members of the Israeli Olympic team were taken hostage by the Palestinian terrorist organization Black September, assumed to be an operational cover for Yasser Arafat's Fatah group[citation needed]. The attack led directly to the deaths of 11 Israeli athletes, five of the eight kidnappers, and one German police officer. The Munich massacre occurred during the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, West Germany, when members of the Israeli Olympic team were taken hostage by the Palestinian terrorist group Black September, a group with ties to Yasser Arafat’s Fatah organization. ... The 1972 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XX Olympiad, were held in Munich, West Germany, from 26 August to 11 September 1972. ... For other uses, see Munich (disambiguation). ... The term Palestinian has other usages, for which see definitions of Palestinian. ... A Black September terrorist on a balcony in the Olympic Village in September 1972, during what became known as the Munich Massacre, in which 11 Israeli athletes were kidnapped and killed. ... Not to be confused with Yasir Arafat (cricketer). ...


Abu Daoud, one of those believed to have planned or executed the Munich attack, alleged that Mahmoud Abbas was responsible for funding the operation in his autobiography, Memoirs of a Palestinian Terrorist (ISBN 1-55970-429-2). This allegation has not been confirmed by any other former members or affiliates of Black September, nor has it been verified by any historical studies. Mohammad Oudeh, commonly known as Abu Daoud, is the leader of the Black September, the Palestine Liberation Organisation splinter group that carried out the 1972 Munich massacre. ...


Term as Prime Minister

Bush, center, discusses the Middle East peace process with Sharon and Abbas in Aqaba, Jordan, June 4, 2003.
Bush, center, discusses the Middle East peace process with Sharon and Abbas in Aqaba, Jordan, June 4, 2003.

By early 2003, as both Israel and the United States had indicated their refusal to negotiate with Yasser Arafat, Abbas began to emerge as a candidate for a more visible leadership role. As one of the few remaining founding members of Fatah, he had some degree of credibility within the Palestinian cause, and his candidacy was bolstered by the fact that other high-profile Palestinians were for various reasons not suitable (the most notable, Marwan Bargouti, was under arrest in an Israeli jail). Abbas's reputation as a pragmatist garnered him favor with the West and certain elements of the Palestinian legislature, and pressure was soon brought on Arafat to appoint him Prime Minister. Arafat did so on March 19, 2003; initially Arafat attempted to undermine the post of Prime Minister, but eventually was forced to give Abbas some degree of power. President George W. Bush, center, discusses the Middle East peace process with Prime Minister Ariel Sharon of Israel, left, and Palestinian Prime Minister Mahmoud Abbas in Aqaba, Jordan, Wednesday, June 4, 2003. ... President George W. Bush, center, discusses the Middle East peace process with Prime Minister Ariel Sharon of Israel, left, and Palestinian Prime Minister Mahmoud Abbas in Aqaba, Jordan, Wednesday, June 4, 2003. ... The UN Partition Plan Map of the State of Israel today The Peace process in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict has taken shape over the years, despite the ongoing violence in the Middle East. ... Aqaba (Arabic: العقبة al-ʻAqabah) is a coastal town with a population of 101,290 (2000) and 2% of Jordans population in the far south of Jordan (). It is the capital of Aqaba Governorate. ... is the 155th day of the year (156th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Marwan Barghouti (born June 6, 1959) is a Palestinian leader from the West Bank and a leader of the Fatah movement that forms the backbone of the Palestinian Authority and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO). ... is the 78th day of the year (79th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Mahmoud Abbas meets with Condoleezza Rice and Ehud Olmert
Mahmoud Abbas meets with Condoleezza Rice and Ehud Olmert

However, the rest of Abbas's term as Prime Minister continued to be characterized by numerous conflicts between him and Arafat over the distribution of power between the two. Abbas had often hinted he would resign if not given more control over the PA's administration. In early September 2003 he confronted the PA parliament over this issue. The United States and Israel accused Arafat of constantly undermining Abbas and his government. Image File history File links Rice_Olmert_Abbas_2007. ... Image File history File links Rice_Olmert_Abbas_2007. ... Condoleezza Rice (born November 14, 1954) is the 66th United States Secretary of State, and the second in the administration of President George W. Bush to hold the office. ... Ehud Olmert (IPA ; Hebrew:אהוד אולמרט; born September 30, 1945) is the 12th and current Prime Minister of Israel. ...

President of the United States George W. Bush meets with President Mahmoud Abbas of the Palestinian Authority during their trip to New York City for the United Nations General Assembly.

In addition, Abbas came into conflict with Palestinian militant groups, notably Islamic Jihad and Hamas; his moderate pragmatic policies were diametrically opposed to their hard-line approach. Initially he pledged not to use force against the militants, in the interest of avoiding a civil war, and instead attempted negotiation. This was partially successful, resulting in a pledge from the two groups to honor a unilateral Palestinian cease-fire. However, continuing violence and Israeli "target killings" of known leaders forced Abbas to pledge a crackdown in order to uphold the Palestinian Authority's side of the Road Map for Peace. This led to a power struggle with Arafat over control of the Palestinian security services; Arafat refused to release control to Abbas, thus preventing him from using them in a crackdown on militants. Image File history File linksMetadata BUSHABBAS1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata BUSHABBAS1. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... The West Bank The Palestinian National Authority (PNA or PA) is a semi-autonomous state institution nominally governing the bulk of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip (which it calls the Palestinian Territories). It was established as a part of Oslo accords between the PLO and Israel. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... The United Nations General Assembly (GA, UNGA) is one of the five principal organs of the United Nations and the only one in which all member nations have equal representation. ... The term Palestinian terrorism is commonly used to describe acts of political violence committed by Palestinian individuals or groups against Israelis, Jews, and nationals of other countries. ... The emblem of the Palestinian Islamic Jihad shows a map of the land they claim as Palestine (roughly, present-day Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip) superimposed on the images of the Dome of the Rock, two fists and two rifles. ... Hamas (; acronym: , or Harakat al-Muqawama al-Islamiyya or Islamic Resistance Movement,[1]) is a Palestinian Islamic militant organization and political party. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Abbas resigned from the post of Prime Minister in October 2003, citing lack of support from Israel and the United States as well as "internal incitement" against his government. [10]


2005 presidential election

Part of Israeli-Palestinian conflict
and Arab-Israeli conflict series
Israeli-Palestinian peace process
      Israel
      The West Bank, the Gaza Strip and the Golan Heights1
Negotiating parties
Palestinians
Israel
History of the peace process

Camp David Accords Madrid Conference Oslo Accords Oslo II Hebron Agreement Wye River Memorandum Sharm e-Sheikh memorandum • Camp David 2000 Summit Taba Summit Road map Annapolis Conference Israel, with the West Bank, Gaza Strip and Golan Heights The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is an ongoing dispute between the State of Israel and Arab Palestinians. ... Combatants Arab nations Israel Arab-Israeli conflict series History of the Arab-Israeli conflict Views of the Arab-Israeli conflict International law and the Arab-Israeli conflict Arab-Israeli conflict facts, figures, and statistics Participants Israeli-Palestinian conflict · Israel-Lebanon conflict · Arab League · Soviet Union / Russia · Israel, Palestine and the... The UN Partition Plan Map of the State of Israel today The Peace process in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict has taken shape over the years, despite the ongoing violence in the Middle East. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 374 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1428 × 2289 pixel, file size: 259 KB, MIME type: image/png) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... The Golan Heights (‎ Ramat HaGolan, Arabic: Habat al-Å«lān) or Golan is a mountainous area in northeastern Israel[1] on the border of Syria, Lebanon, and Jordan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Palestine. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Israel. ... The Palestinian flag, adopted in 1948, is a widely recognized modern symbol of the Palestinian people. ... Celebrating the signing of the Camp David Accords: Menachem Begin, Jimmy Carter, Anwar Al Sadat. ... The Madrid Conference of 1991 was an early attempt by the international community to start a peace process through negotiations with Israel and the Palestinians. ... Yitzhak Rabin, Bill Clinton, and Yasser Arafat during the Oslo Accords on September 13, 1993. ... The Interim Agreement on the West Bank and the Gaza Strip or Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement, or simply the Interim Agreement, also known as Oslo 2 (or Oslo II), and alternately known as Taba, was a key and complex agreement about the future of the Gaza Strip and the West... Protocol Concerning the Redeployment in Hebron, also known as The Hebron Protocol or Hebron Agreement, began January 7 and was concluded from January 15 to January 17, 1997 between Israel, represented by Prime Minister of Israel Benjamin Netanyahu, and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), represented by PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat... The Wye River Memorandum was a political agreement negotiated to implement the earlier Interim Agreement of 28 September, 1995 brokered by the United States between Israel and the Palestine Authority completed on October 23, 1998. ... The Sharm el-Sheikh Memorandum, full name: The Sharm el Sheikh Memorandum on Implementation Timeline of Outstanding Commitments of Agreements Signed and the Resumption of Permanent Status Negotiations was a memorandum signed on September 4, 1999 by Prime Minister of Israel Ehud Barak and PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat at Sharm... The Middle East Peace Summit at Camp David of July 2000 took place between United States President Bill Clinton, Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak, and Palestinian Authority Chairman Yasser Arafat. ... The Taba summit (or: Taba Summit; Taba Talks; Taba Conference; Taba), also known as the permanent status talks at Taba between Israel and the Palestinian Authority, held from January 21 to January 27, 2001 at Taba in the Sinai peninsula, were peace talks aimed at reaching the final status negotiations... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Annapolis Conference is being held on November 27, 2007 at the United States Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland, United States. ...

Primary negotiation concerns

Antisemitic incitements East Jerusalem Israeli settlements Israeli West Bank barrier Jewish state Palestinian political violence Palestinian refugees Palestinian state Places of worship This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... East Jerusalem is that part of Jerusalem which was held by Jordan from the 1948 Arab-Israeli War until the Six-Day War in 1967. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Israeli settlement. ... The barrier route as of July 2006. ... The book Der Judenstaat (The Jewish State, 1896) by Theodor Herzl. ... Palestinian terrorism refers to acts of violence committed for political reasons by Palestinians or Palestinian militant groups. ... In the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, a Palestinian refugee is a refugee from Palestine created by the Palestinian Exodus, which Palestinians call the Nakba (نكبة, meaning disaster). History Most of the refugees had already fled by the time the neighboring Arab states intervened on the side of Palestinians... It has been suggested that State of Palestine be merged into this article or section. ...

Palestinian flag     Current Leaders      Flag of Israel

Mahmoud Abbas Salam Fayyad Image File history File links Flag_of_Palestine. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Israel. ... Dr. Salam Fayyad (Arabic: ; b. ...

Ehud Olmert Tzipi Livni Ehud Olmert (IPA ; Hebrew:אהוד אולמרט; born September 30, 1945) is the 12th and current Prime Minister of Israel. ... U.S. Vice President Dick Cheney meets with Israeli Minister of Foreign Affairs, Tzipi Livni, at the White House. ...

International brokers

Diplomatic Quartet  · Egypt
Flag of the United Nations Flag of Europe Flag of Russia Flag of the United States Flag of Egypt The Quartet on the Middle East, sometimes called the Diplomatic Quartet or simply the Quartet, is a foursome of nations and international entities involved in mediating the peace process between Israel and the Palestinian People. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Nations. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Egypt. ...

Other proposals

Beirut Summit Elon Peace Plan Lieberman Plan Geneva Accord Hudna Israel's unilateral disengagement plan and Realignment plan Projects working for peace Israel and the Occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip are at the center of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. ... The Elon Peace Plan is a solution for the Arab-Israeli conflict proposed in 2002 by Rabbi Binyamin Elon, who was the Israeli tourism minister at the time he put forward his proposal. ... // The Lieberman Plan is named after Avigdor Lieberman, the leader of the Israeli political party Yisrael Beytenu. ... This article is about the proposal for peace between Israel and Palestine. ... Hudna (هدنة) is an Arabic term meaning truce or armistice as well as calm or quiet, in order to rearm for the next battle, although the latter part of the definition is often lost in the media. ... Israels unilateral disengagement plan (Hebrew: תוכנית ההתנתקות Tokhnit HaHitnatkut or תכנית ההינתקות Tokhnit HaHinatkut in the Disengagement Plan Implementation Law), also known as the Disengagement plan, Gaza Pull-Out plan, and Hitnatkut) was a proposal by Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, adopted by the government and enacted in August 2005, to remove all... The realignment plan (Hebrew: ) (originally known as the convergence plan) is a plan that was formulated and introduced to the Israeli public by prime minister Ehud Olmert, in a number of media interviews during the election campaign for the 17th Knesset in 2006. ... Projects that work to foster peaceful and productive co-existence between Israelis and Arabs (including Palestinians) fall into various categories. ...


1 The Golan Heights are not part of Israeli-Palestinian track The Golan Heights (‎ Ramat HaGolan, Arabic: Habat al-ūlān) or Golan is a mountainous area in northeastern Israel[1] on the border of Syria, Lebanon, and Jordan. ...


v  d  e

After Yasser Arafat's death Mahmoud Abbas was seen, at least by Fatah, as his natural successor.


On November 25, Abbas was endorsed by Fatah's Revolutionary Council as its preferred candidate for the Palestinian presidential election, scheduled for January 9, 2005. is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The 2005 Palestinian presidential election — the first to be held since 1996 — took place on January 9, 2005 in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. ... is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


On December 14, Abbas called for an end to violence in the Al-Aqsa Intifada and a return to peaceful resistance. Abbas told the Asharq al-Awsat newspaper that "the use of arms has been damaging and should end". However, he refused to disarm Palestinian militants and use force to act against groups that Israel, the United States, and the European Union designated as "terrorist organizations". is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see al-Aqsa (disambiguation). ... Asharq Al-Awsat is a major pan-Arab daily newspaper, printed simultaneously on four continents in 12 cities. ...


With Israeli forces arresting and restricting the movement of his running mates, Hamas's boycott of the election, and his campaign being given 94% of Palestine TV electoral campaign coverage, Abbas' election was virtually ensured,[11] and on January 9 Abbas was elected with 62% of the vote as the new president of the Palestinian Authority. (See Palestinian presidential election, 2005 for election statistics.) is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The 2005 Palestinian presidential election — the first to be held since 1996 — took place on January 9, 2005 in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. ...


In his speech, he addressed a crowd of supporters chanting "a million shahids", stating: "I present this victory to the soul of Yasser Arafat and present it to our people, to our martyrs and to 11,000 prisoners". He also called for Palestinian groups to end the use of arms against Israelis.[12][13] Historically, a martyr is a person who dies for his or her religious faith. ...


Post 2005 presidential election

Vladimir Putin and Mahmoud Abbas during Putin's visit to the West Bank

Despite Abbas' call for a peaceful solution, attacks by militant groups continued after his election, in a direct challenge to his authority. Islamic Jihad launched a raid in Gaza on January 12, killing one and wounding three military personnel in Gaza. On January 13, Palestinians from Fatah's al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades, Hamas, and the Popular Resistance Committees launched a suicide attack on the Karni crossing, killing six Israelis. As a result, Israel shut down the damaged terminal and broke off relations with Abbas and the Palestinian Authority, stating that Abbas must now show a gesture of peace by attempting to stop such attacks. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Prose is writing distinguished from poetry by its greater variety of rhythm and its closer resemblance to everyday speech. ... Image File history File links Putin_and_Abu_Mazen. ... Image File history File links Putin_and_Abu_Mazen. ... Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (Russian: ) (born October 7, 1952) is the current President of the Russian Federation. ... Islamic Jihad (Arabic: ‎, Harakat al-Jihad al-Islami) is a terrorist Islamist group based in the Syrian capital, Damascus. ... is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Not to be confused with Fatah Revolutionary Council or Fatah al-Islam. ... For other uses, see al-Aqsa (disambiguation). ... Hamas (; acronym: , or Harakat al-Muqawama al-Islamiyya or Islamic Resistance Movement,[1]) is a Palestinian Islamic militant organization and political party. ... The Popular Resistance Committees (PRC) are a Palestinian militant network which operates in the Gaza Strip. ... The Karni Crossing is a cargo terminal in the Israeli Gaza Strip barrier. ...


Abbas was formally sworn in as the President of the Palestinian National Authority in a ceremony held on January 15 in the West Bank town of Ramallah. The President of the Palestinian National Authority is the highest-ranking political position (equivalent to head of state) in the Palestinian National Authority (PNA). ... is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Arabic رام الله Founded in 16th century Government City (from 1995) Governorate Ramallah & Al-Bireh Population 23,347 (2006) Jurisdiction 16,344 dunams (16. ...


On January 23, 2005, Israeli radio reported that Abbas had secured a 30-day ceasefire from Hamas and Islamic Jihad. On February 12, lone Palestinians attacked Israel settlements and Abbas quickly fired some of his security officers for not stopping the attacks in a ceasefire. is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...


On April 9, 2005, Abbas said that the killing of three Palestinians in southern Gaza by Israeli soldiers is a deliberate violation of the declared ceasefire deal. "This violation is made on purpose," Abbas said in a written statement sent to reporters in the West Bank city of Ramallah. Abbas made the statement shortly after three Palestinian teenage boys were shot dead by Israeli troops in the southern Gaza town of Rafah. Israel claimed they thought the boys were attempting to smuggle weapons, while Palestinians claimed a group of boys were playing soccer and three of them went to retrieve the ball near the border fence. [14] is the 99th day of the year (100th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


"The Palestinian National Authority will not turn a blind eye to the shedding of the blood of our people and our children. We can never accept opening fire at our children who pose no danger at all," said Abbas. Abbas said the Palestinian children "are as precious to their parents as the Israeli children to their parents." Condemning the Israeli shooting as "unjustified", Abbas urged Israel to take serious actions to show commitment to the truce.


In May of 2005, Abbas travelled to the White House and met with President George W. Bush of the United States. Bush, in return for Abbas' crackdown on terrorists, pledged $50 million in aid to the Palestinian Authority and reiterated the U.S. pledge for a free Palestinian state. It was the first direct aid the United States has given to them, as previous donations have gone through non-governmental organizations. The next day Prime Minister Paul Martin of Canada pledged $9.5 million in new aid for judicial reform and housing projects, monitors for the coming Palestinian elections, border management and scholarships for Palestinian refugee women in Lebanon. [15] For other uses, see White House (disambiguation). ... President is a title held by many leaders of organizations, companies, trade unions, universities, and countries. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... The West Bank The Palestinian National Authority (PNA or PA) is a semi-autonomous state institution nominally governing the bulk of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip (which it calls the Palestinian Territories). It was established as a part of Oslo accords between the PLO and Israel. ... For other uses, see Paul Martin (disambiguation). ...


On July 25, 2005 he announced that he will move his office to Gaza until the complete withdrawal of Israeli troops. He will also be co-ordinating the Palestinian side of the withdrawal, and to mediate between the different factions. [16] is the 206th day of the year (207th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


On August 9, 2005 he announced that Palestinian legislative elections, originally scheduled for July 17, will take place in January of 2006. On January 15, 2006 he declared that despite unrest in Gaza, he would not change the set date of the elections (January 25), unless Israel decided to prevent Palestinians in East Jerusalem from voting.[17] Hamas won a majority of votes in the PA legislature in this vote.[18] is the 221st day of the year (222nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... East Jerusalem is that part of Jerusalem which was held by Jordan from the 1948 Arab-Israeli War until the Six-Day War in 1967. ...


Fatah-Hamas conflict and Gaza crisis

On January 16, 2006 he said that he would not run for office again at the end of his current term. [19] is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


On May 25, Abbas gave Hamas a 10 day deadline to accept the 1967 cease-fire lines. is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


On June 2, Abbas again announced that if Hamas did not approve the prisoner's document - which calls for a two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict according to the 1967 borders - within two days, he would present the initiative as a referendum. This deadline was subsequently extended until June the 10th 2006. Hamas spokesmen stated that a change in their stance would not occur, and that Abbas is not constitutionally permitted to call a referendum, especially so soon after the January elections. is the 153rd day of the year (154th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... It has been suggested that National Conciliation Document of the Prisoners be merged into this article or section. ...


Mahmoud Abbas warned Hamas on October 8, 2006 that he would call new legislative elections if it does not accept a coalition government. To recognize Israel was a condition he has presented for a coalition. But it was not clear if Abbas had the power to call new elections.[18] Hamas (; acronym: , or Harakat al-Muqawama al-Islamiyya or Islamic Resistance Movement,[1]) is a Palestinian Islamic militant organization and political party. ... is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


On December 16, 2006 Abbas called for new legislative elections, to bring an end to the parliamentary stalemate between Fatah and Hamas in forming a national unity government. [20] is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


On March 17, 2007 a Palestinian unity government was formed incorporating members of both Hamas and Fatah, with Ismail Haniyeh as Prime Minister and independent politicians taking many key portfolios. is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... This is the list of members of the Palestine cabinet that was formed by Ismail Haniya on March 17, 2007. ... Ismail Haniyeh (Arabic: إسماعيل هنية; sometimes transliterated as Ismail Haniya or Ismail Haniyah); born January 1963) is a senior political leader of Hamas and former Prime Minister of the Palestinian National Authority. ...


On June 14, 2007 Abbas dissolved the Hamas-led unity government and declared a state of emergency in response to the increased violence in the Gaza strip. Afterwards, Hamas fighters have claimed to be in control of Abbas' presidential compound. [21] On June 18, hours after the EU promised to resume direct aid to the Palestinians, Abbas dissolved the National Security Council, a sticking point in the defunct unity government with Hamas. [22] That same day, the United States decided to end its 15-month embargo on the Palestinian Authority and resume aid, attempting to strengthen Abbas's West Bank government. [23] One day later, the Fatah Central Committee cut off all ties and dialogue with Hamas, pending the return of Gaza. [24] is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


References

  1. ^ Abu Mazen translates as "Father of Mazen"; Mazen is the name of Abbas's first-born son.
  2. ^ Palestinian prime minister Abbas resigns (CNN)
  3. ^ Was Abu Mazen a Holocaust Denier? By Brynn Malone (History News Network)
  4. ^ Abu Mazen: A Political Profile. Zionism and Holocaust Denial by Yael Yehoshua (MEMRI) April 29, 2003
  5. ^ A Holocaust-Denier as Prime Minister of "Palestine"? by Dr. Rafael Medoff (The David S. Wyman Institute for Holocaust Studies)
  6. ^ Abu Mazen and the Holocaust by Tom Gross
  7. ^ PA Holocaust Denial by Itamar Marcus (Palestinian Media Watch)
  8. ^ Interview with Mahmoud Abbas by Akiva Eldar, Haaretz. May 2003
  9. ^ Abbas Keeps His Eyes on the Big Picture, by Dennis Ross, Los Angeles Times, July 14, 2003. http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/templateC06.php?CID=552
  10. ^ Palestinian prime minister Abbas resigns (CNN)
  11. ^ Final Report on Monitoring the Presidential Palestinian Elections (Ibn Khaldun Center for Development Studies) January 1, 2005
  12. ^ Abbas achieves landslide poll win BBC. January 10, 2005
  13. ^ Abu Mazen: Little Jihad is Over, Big Jihad Starts (Israel National News) January 10, 2005
  14. ^ Israeli troops kill Palestinian teenagers (Aljazeera) April 10, 2005
  15. ^ Canada pledges aid to Abbas (Aljazeera) 28 May 2005
  16. ^ Abbas moves to Gaza for pullout (BBC) July 25, 2005
  17. ^ Abbas: Palestinian polls on schedule (Aljazeera) January 15, 2006
  18. ^ a b Abbas Threatens Hamas With New Elections (INN) October 08, 2006
  19. ^ Abbas 'will not be leader again' (BBC) January 16, 2006
  20. ^ Palestinian president calls for early elections (CNN) December 16, 2006
  21. ^ Hamas controls Gaza, says it will stay in power (June 14, 2007).
  22. ^ The Associated Press (2007-06-18). Abbas dissolves Palestinian National Security Council, rallying international support. International Herald Tribune.
  23. ^ U.S. ends embargo on Palestinian Authority in move to bolster Fatah (International Herald Tribune) June 19, 2007
  24. ^ Fatah's leadership decides to cut off all contacts with Hamas (IHT/AP) June 19, 2007

The Middle East Media Research Institute (German name identical, Hebrew name המכון לחקר התקשורת המזרח התיכון, abbreviated ממרי), or MEMRI for short, is a organization... Haaretz (Hebrew: (help· info), The Land) is an Israeli newspaper, founded in 1919. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Quotes

  • "There is absolutely no substitution for dialogue." (2003)
  • "The little jihad is over, and now we have the bigger jihad - the bigger battle is achieving security and economic growth" (2005) [1]
  • "From here [the Gaza withdrawal], our people begin the march towards establishing an independent Palestinian state with Jerusalem as its capital" [2]
  • "Today we are visitors to the airport (referring to Yaser Arafat International Airport), tomorrow we will come here as travellers." (19 August 2005) [3]
  • “His Holiness was moved to receive this accolade from the people of Bethlehem and paid special attention to the message of the passport.” On giving the Bethlehem Passport to His Holiness Pope Benedict XVI. The citation refers to "all people who uphold a just and open society." [4]
  • "I renew my commitment to continuing the road he [Arafat] began and for which he made a lot of sacrifices, until the Palestinian flag flies from the walls, minarets and churches of Jerusalem." (2005) [5]

Yasser Arafat International Airport (Arabic: ‎; transliterated: Matar Yasir Arafat ad-Dowaly) (IATA: GZA, ICAO: LVGZ), formerly Gaza International Airport and Dahaniya International Airport, is located in the Gaza Strip, in Rafah close to the Egyptian border. ... is the 231st day of the year (232nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article, image, template or category belongs in one or more categories. ... Papal Arms of Pope Benedict XVI. The papal tiara was replaced with a bishops mitre, and pallium of the Pope was added beneath the coat of arms. ...

External links

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Mahmoud Abbas
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Mahmoud Abbas
Preceded by
Office Created
Prime Minister of the Palestinian Authority
March 19, 2003 - September 6, 2003
Succeeded by
Ahmed Qurei
Preceded by
Yasser Arafat
Chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization
2004 – present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Rawhi Fattuh
President of the Palestinian Authority
January 15, 2005 – present
Incumbent

  Results from FactBites:
 
Mahmoud Abbas (613 words)
Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen) was born in 1935 in Safad in northern Israel, at that time part of the British Mandate.
Mahmoud Abbas was a founding member of the Palestinian National Liberation Movement (Fatah) present, along with Yasser Arafat, in the 1964 beginnings of the terrorist organization dedicated to the destruction of Israel.
In March 2003 Abbas was appointed as Prime Minister of the Palestinian Authority by Arafat, to placate American demands that "new leadership" emerge to bring the Palestinian Arabs into the Road Map peace process.
MidEast Web - Biography - Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen) -General Secretary of the Palestine Liberation Organization (0 words)
Mahmoud Abbas, also known as Abu Mazen, was born in Safad, in the Galilee (Palestine) in 1935.
Abbas has headed the PLO Department for National and International Relations since 1980 and was elected by the PLO Executive Committee to replace Abu Jihad, who was assassinated, as chairman of the portfolio on the Occupied Territories in May 1988.
Abbas headed the Central Election Commission for the Palestine Legislative Council elections in Jan.1996 and was elected as a representative for Qalqilya.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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