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Mahavidyas (Great Wisdoms) are aspects of Devi in Hinduism. The Ten Mahavidyas are known as Wisdom Goddesses. The spectrum of these ten goddesses covers the whole range of feminine divinity, encompassing horrific goddesses at one end, to the ravishingly beautiful at the other. The name Mahavidyas comes from the roots maha (great) and vidya (revelation, manifestation, knowledge, wisdom). It has been suggested that Shri Vidya be merged into this article or section. ... Hinduism (known as in modern Indian languages)[1] is a religious tradition[2] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ...


In the Tantric tradition, these are identified as:

  1. Kali
  2. Tara
  3. Tripura Sundari
  4. Bhuvaneshvari
  5. Bhairavi
  6. Chhinnamasta
  7. Dhumavati
  8. Bagalamukhi
  9. Matangi
  10. Kamalatmika

The Mahabhagavata-purana and Brhaddharma-purana provide a slightly different list of the Mahavidyas: Kali, Tara, Chinnamasta, Bhuvanesvari, Bagala, Dumavati, Kamala, Matangi, Sodasi, and Bhairavi. This article or section includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... This article is about the Hindu goddess. ... Tripura Sundari is one of the mahavidyas. ... Bhuvaneshvari is a Hindu goddess. ... Bhairavi is a fierce and terrifying aspect of the Goddess virtually indistinguishable from Kali, except for her particular identification as the consort of the Wrathful Shiva. ... Chhinnamasta as depicted on a book cover In Hinduism, Chinnamasta (also called Chinnamastaka, is one of the mahavidyas, and an aspect of Devi. ... In Hinduism, Dhumavati is one the of mahavidyas (Great Wisdoms); she is one of the many aspects of Devi. ... Bagalmukhi In Hinduism, Bagalamukhi is one of the Ten mahavidyas. ... This article or section includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Kamalatmika is the Goddess in the fullness of her graceful aspect. ...


The Guhyatiguyha-tantra associates the Mahavidyas with the ten avatars of Vishnu, and states that the Mahavidyas are the source from which the avatars of Vishnu arose. See Avatar (disambiguation) for other meanings. ... Vishnu (IAST , Devanagari ), (honorific: Sri Vishnu) also known as Narayana is the Supreme Being (i. ...


All ten forms of the Goddess, whether gentle or terrifying, are worshiped as the universal Mother.


Birth of Das Mahavidyas

Once during their numerous love games, things got out of hand between Shiva and Parvati. What had started in jest turned into a serious matter with an incensed Shiva threatening to walk out on Parvati. No amount of coaxing or cajoling by Parvati could reverse matters. Left with no choice, Parvati multiplied herself into ten different forms for each of the ten directions. Thus however hard Shiva might try to escape from his beloved Parvati, he would find her standing as a guardian, guarding all escape routes. For other uses, see Shiva (disambiguation). ... For the Harry Potter character, see Parvati Patil. ...


Each of the Devi's manifested forms made Shiva realize essential truths, made him aware of the eternal nature of their mutual love and most significantly established for always in the canon of Indian thought the Goddess's superiority over her male counterpart. Not that Shiva in any way felt belittled by this awareness, only spiritually awakened. This is true as much for this Great Lord as for us ordinary mortals. Befittingly thus they are referred to as the Great Goddesses of Wisdom, known in Sanskrit as the Mahavidyas. Indeed in the process of spiritual learning the Goddess is the muse who guides and inspires us. She is the high priestess who unfolds the inner truths. For other uses, see Shiva (disambiguation). ... Sanskrit ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ...


Another story (told in several of the puranas) involves an argument between Shiva and Sati (Dakshayani), an earlier incarnation of Parvati. When Shiva and Sati were wed, Sati's father Daksha disapproved of the match and organized a great sacrifice to which he invited everyone except for the newlywed couple. Sati, incensed, insisted on attending the sacrifice, which Shiva forbade until Sati transformed herself into a terrible appearance and multipled into the ten Mahavidyas, whereby she subdued Shiva's resistance and attended the sacrifice. For other uses, see Shiva (disambiguation). ... In the Hindu religion, Satī (Devanagari: सती, the feminine of sat true) or Dākshāyani is the Goddess of marital felicity and longevity; she is worshipped particularly by ladies to seek the long life of their husbands. ... In Hinduism, Daksha, the skilled one, is an ancient creator god, one of the Prajapatis, the Rishis and the Adityas, and a son of Aditi and Brahma. ...


Worship of Das Mahavidyas

In their strong associations with death, violence, ritual pollution, and despised marginal social roles, they call into question such normative social "goods" as worldly comfort, security, respect, and honor. The worship of these goddesses suggests that the devotee experiences a refreshing and liberating spirituality in all that is forbidden by established social orders.


The central aim here is to stretch one's consciousness beyond the conventional, to break away from approved social norms, roles, and expectations. By subverting, mocking, or rejecting conventional social norms, the adept seeks to liberate her or his consciousness from the inherited, imposed, and probably inhibiting categories of proper and improper, good and bad, polluted and pure. Living one's life according to rules of purity and pollution and caste and class that dictate how, where, and exactly in what manner every bodily function may be exercised, and which people one may, or may not, interact with socially, can create a sense of imprisonment from which one might long to escape. Perhaps the more marginal, bizarre, "outsider" goddesses among the Mahavidyas facilitate this escape. By identifying with the forbidden or the marginalized, an adept may acquire a new and refreshing perspective on the cage of respectability and predictability. Indeed a mystical adventure, without the experience of which, any spiritual quest would remain incomplete.


Note:Atma in Dasa Maha Vidyas is called as Mother with 10 diferent names with 10 types of Major dimensions. Shiva being in Yoga Nidra appears with his energy like a Beautiful Mother(nature). When one's illusion surrenders to the Mother by following any one of 10 Maha Vidyas, will realize that she is none other than shiva. Example:If you see Golden ornament beauty, you are seeing Mother if you go deep in to the ornament you find only Gold moulded as ornament. In the same way Shiva externally appears as Mother but internal is Siva. This is the secret meaning of all Maha Vidyas. It is also important to understand that one who follow these vidyas should have the mind with the meaning beyond the Sex and Infatuation. One who follows these vidyas have the feeling that every object they understand with senses and mind as Mother so they are beyond the ignorance and illusion of Sex.


See also

  • Hindu mythology
  • Hindu deities
  • List of Hindu deities
  • List of Hinduism-related articles
  • History of India
  • Hindu scriptures

  Results from FactBites:
 
Wisdom Goddesses - Mahavidyas and the Assertion of Femininity in Indian Thought (3127 words)
Iconographically this Goddess is shown seated on a lotus that rests on the supine body of Lord Shiva, who in turn lies on a throne whose legs are the gods Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva, and Rudra.
This is a direct and hard-hitting portrayal of the Goddess dominating the important male deities of the Hindu pantheon, a central belief of the Mahavidya ideology.
More than any other Mahavidya with the exception of Kamala (mentioned later), Bhuvaneshvari is associated and identified with the energy underlying creation.
Abstract for Tantric Visions of the Divine Feminine (218 words)
Distinctive characteristics or themes emerge as central in Mahavidya theology and iconography.
The book interprets the Mahavidyas as "awakeners," as spriritual "devices" that tantric adepts might employ to stretch their categories or expand their awareness beyond the conventional.
The Mahavidyas have the potential to deconstruct accepted moral, religious, and social paradigms by elevating for reverence goddesses that embody the forbidden, polluted, and marginal elements of Hindu culture.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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