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Encyclopedia > Maharaja
Major-General H.H. Farzand-i-Dilband Rasikh- al-Iqtidad-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Raja-i-Rajagan, Maharaja Sir Jagatjit Singh, Bahadur, Maharaja of Kapurthala, GCSI , GCIE , GBE

The word Mahārāja (also spelled maharajah) is Sanskrit for "great king" or "high king" (a karmadharaya from mahānt "great" and rājan "king"). Due to Sanskrit's major influence on the vocabulary of most languages in India, the term 'maharaja' is common to many modern languages, such as Bengali, Hindi, Gujrati, etc. Its use is primarily for Hindu potentates (ruler or sovereign). The Maharajah was infamous for it's army of cat's. The female equivalent title Maharani (or Maharanee) denotes either the wife of a Mahārāja or, in the few states where that was allowed, a woman ruling in her own right. The term Maharaj denotes separate noble and religious offices, although the fact that in Hindi the suffix 'a' in Maharaja is silent makes the two titles near homophones. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 338 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (773 × 1369 pixel, file size: 981 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Sumit Walias private collection I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 338 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (773 × 1369 pixel, file size: 981 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Sumit Walias private collection I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms... The Sanskrit language ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... A high king is a king who holds a position of seniority over a group of other kings. ... A Karmadharaya is a type of compound in Sanskrit grammar, a subtype of the tatpurusha type (nominative-tatpurushas). The relation of the first member to the last is appositional, attributive or adverbial; this entails that if the members are dissolved, they will stand in the same case (meaning that there... A rajah translated means a king. ... Bengali or Bangla (IPA: ) is an Indo-Aryan language of the eastern Indian subcontinent, evolved from the Magadhi Prakrit, Pāli and Sanskrit languages. ... Hindi ( , Devanagari: or , IAST: , IPA: ), an Indo-European language spoken mainly in northern and central India, is the official language of the Union along with English. ... Gujarati may refer to: The Gujarati language, which is spoken in India mainly ahmedabad. ... A Hindu ( , Devanagari: हिन्दु), as per modern definition, is an adherent of the philosophies and scriptures of Hinduism, and the religious, philosophical and cultural system that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... Maharaj is a Hindu noble and religious title. ...

Contents

Indian subcontinent

Maharaja as a ruler's title

On the eve of independence in 1947, India (including present day Pakistan) contained more than 600 princely states (see that article for context), each with its own ruler, often styled Raja or Thakur (if the ruler were Hindu) or Nawab (if he was Muslim); there was a host of less current titles as well. A princely state is any state under the reign of a prince and is thus a principality taken in the broad sense. ... A Raja (Sanskrit ) is a king, or princely ruler from the Kshatriya / Rajput lineages. ... ... Hinduism (known as in modern Indian languages[1]) is a religious tradition[2] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... Nawab (Urdu: نواب ) was originally the subadar (provincial governor) or viceroy of a subah (province) or region of the Mughal empire. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ...


The British directly ruled 2/3rd of India, the rest was under indirect rule by the above mentioned princes under the considerable influence of British representatives, such as Residents, at their courts. Indirect rule is a type of European colonial policy as practiced in large parts of British India (see Princely states) and elsewhere in the British Empire (including Malaya), in which the traditional local power structure, or at least part of it, is incorporated into the colonial administrative structure. ... A Resident, or in full Resident Minister, is a state official of certain representative types, required to take up permanent residency abroad officially. ...


The word Maharaja may be understood simply to mean "king" (as in Jammu and Kashmir), in spite of its literal translation as "great king". This was because only a handful of the states were truly powerful and wealthy enough for their rulers to be considered 'great' monarchs; the remaining were minor princely states, sometimes little more than towns or groups of villages. The word, however, can also mean emperor in contemporary Indian usage. , Jammu and Kashmir (Kashmiri: جۄم تٕہ کٔشِیر, ज्वम त॒ कॅशीर, Urdu: جموں و کشمیر) (often abbreviated as Kashmir or J & K, is a disputed territory between India and Pakistan and lies mostly in the Himalayan mountains. ... A princely state is any state under the reign of a prince and is thus a principality taken in the broad sense. ...


The title of Maharaja was not as common before the gradual British colonization of India, upon and after which many Rajas and otherwise styled Hindu rulers were elevated to Maharajas, regardless of the fact that scores of these new Maharajas ruled small states, sometimes for some reason unrelated to the eminence of the state, for example support in World War I or World War II. Two Rajas who became Maharajas in the twentieth century were the Maharaja of Cochin and the legendary Maharaja Jagatjit Singh of Kapurthala. “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... , Kerala ( ; Malayalam: കേരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... Kapurthala (Punjabi: ) is a city in Punjab state of India. ...

  • Variations of this title include the following, each combining Maha- "great" with an alternative form of Raja 'king', so all meaning 'Great King': Maharana (as in Udaipur), Maharawal (as in Dungarpur/Jaisalmer), Maharawat (Pratapgarh), Maharao (as in Kotah, Bundi) and Maharaol (as in Baria).
  • "Maharajah" has taken on new spellings due to time change and migration. It has even been shortened to "Mahraj" and "Maraj" but the most common is, if course, "Maharajah" and "Maharaj."
  • Despite its literal meaning, unlike many other titles meaning Great King, neither Maharaja nor Rajadhiraja ('King of Kings'), nor even its equivalent amongst Maharajas, 'Maharajadhiraja', ever reached the standing required for imperial rank, as each was soon the object of title inflation. In stead, the only Hindu title which is commonly rendered as Emperor is Samraat or Samraj(a), a personal distinction achieved by a few rulers (mainly conquerors) of ancient dynasties, such as the Maurya and Gupta, and the first hereditary imperial title over India would be the Muslim Padshah (originally Sultan of Delhi) of the Mughal dynasty.

A Raja (Sanskrit ) is a king, or princely ruler from the Kshatriya / Rajput lineages. ... Maharana is a variation on the Indian (mainly Hindu) royal title Maharaja, also meaning Great king in Hindi. ... Udaipur   (उदयपुर) is a city and a municipal council in Udaipur district in the Indian state of Rajasthan. ... Dungarpur is a city in southern Rajasthan state of India. ... , Jaisalmer   (The Golden City) is a town in the Indian state of Rajasthan. ... This article is about the city and district in Uttar Pradesh. ... Maharao is a variation on the Indian (mainly Hindu) royal title Maharaja, also meaning Great king in Hindi. ... Kota, also known as Kotah, is a city in the northern Indian state of Rajasthan. ... Bundi is a city and a municipality of approximately 88,000 inhabitants (2001) in the Hadoti region of Rajasthan state in northwest India. ... Maharaol is a variation on the Indian (mainly Hindu) royal title Maharaja, also meaning Great king in Hindi. ... Myst franchise Games Myst Riven Myst III: Exile Myst IV: Revelation Myst V: End of Ages Uru: Ages Beyond Myst Ages of: Myst Riven Myst III: Exile Myst IV: Revelation Uru Novels Myst: The Book of Atrus   Tiana   Dni Comic Books #0   #1 Miscellaneous Dni Ages   The... King of Kings is a lofty title that has been used by several monarchies (usually empires in the informal sense of great powers) throughout history, and in many cases the literal title meaning King of Kings, i. ... An emperor is a (male) monarch, usually the sovereign ruler of an empire or another type of imperial realm. ... Samraat (Sanskrit samrãṭ) is an Ancient Indian title meaning Emperor. The title of empress is Samragyi (in Sanskrit, samrãjñī). Categories: | | ... Chandragupta Maurya (ruled 322–298 BC), known to the Greeks as Sandracottus, was the first emperor of the Mauryan empire. ... Gupta is a surname of Indian origin. ... Padishah, Badishah, or Badshah is a title sometimes applied to to a several historic monarchs, notably the rulers of Iran, the Ottoman Empire, and the Moghul Empire. ... The Mughal Empire (alternative spelling Mogul, which is the origin of the word Mogul) of India was founded by Babur in 1526, when he defeated Ibrahim Lodi, the last of the Delhi Sultans at the First Battle of Panipat. ...

Salute states in present India

The gun salutes (crucial in protocolary respect) enjoyed by the princely states that acceeded to the Dominion of India on 14th of August 1947, included more Maharajas than any other title, and in most of the classes, though predominantly in the higher ones: A salute is a gesture or other action used to indicate respect. ... A princely state is any state under the reign of a prince and is thus a principality taken in the broad sense. ...


Hereditary salutes of 21-guns:

  • H.H. the Maharaja (title of most major Hindu princes) of Mysore
  • H.H. the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir
  • H.H. the Maharaja Gaekwar (in certain states it became customary to add a unique word to the princely title, not indicating a rank but rather the dynasty or its past) of Baroda
  • H.H. the Maharaja Scindia (similar) of Gwalior

Hereditary salutes of 19-guns (21-guns local): H.H. the Maharaja Holkar (as above) of Indore , For other uses, see Mysore (disambiguation). ... Jammu   (Hindi: जम्मू, Urdu: جموں) is one of the three regions comprising the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. ... Kashmir (or Cashmere) may refer to: Kashmir region, the northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent India, Kashmir conflict, the territorial dispute between India, Pakistan, and the China over the Kashmir region. ... The Gaekwad or Gaekwar (once rendered as Guicowar) (Gujarati: ગાયકવાડ ; Marathi: गायकवाड) was a Maratha dynasty that ruled the princely state of Baroda in western India from the mid-eighteenth century until 1947. ... , Vadodara (Gujarati: વડોદરા,Marathi:बडोदा)  ), also known as Baroda, is the third most-populated town in the Indian state of Gujarat after Ahmedabad and Surat. ... Sir Madhavrao Shinde Alijabahaddar, Gwalior The Scindia, also spelled Sindhia, Sindia, or Shinde, are a prominent Maratha family in India. ... , Gwalior   is a city in Madhya Pradesh in India. ... ... , Indore (Hindi:इन्दौर / Marathi:इंदूर),   is the commercial capital of the Malwa region and the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. ...


Hereditary salutes of 19-guns:

Hereditary salutes of 17-guns (19-guns personal): only H.H. the Maharaja of Kotah Kolhapur   (Marathi:कोल्हापुर) is a city situated in the south west corner of Maharashtra, India. ... Flag for former princely state of Travancore Travancore or Thiruvithaamkoor (Malayalam: തിരുവിതാങ്കൂര്‍ [], തിരുവിതാംകൂര്‍ [], തിരുവിതാങ്കോട് []) was a princely state in India with its capital at Trivandrum (Thiruvananthapuram). ... Kota, also known as Kotah, is a city in the northern Indian state of Rajasthan. ...


Hereditary salutes of 17-guns (19-guns local):

  • H.H. the Maharaja of Bharatpur
  • H.H. the Maharaja of Bikaner
  • H.H. the Maharaja of Jaipur
  • H.H. the Maharaja of Jodhpur
  • H.H. the Maharaja of Patiala

Hereditary salutes of 17-guns: , Bharatpur (Hindi:भरतपुर) is a city in the Indian state of Rajasthan. ... , Bikaner is a city in the northwest of the state of Rajasthan in western India. ... , Jaipur   (Hindi: जयपुर), also popularly known as the Pink City, historically sometimes rendered as Jeypore, is the capital of Rajasthan state, India. ... , Jodhpur   (जोधपुर), is the second largest city in the Indian state of Rajasthan. ... , Patiala   (Punjabi: ਪਟਿਆਲਾ) is a city in the Punjab state of India. ...

Hereditary salutes of 15-guns (17-guns personal): only H.H. the Maharaja Rana of Dholpur It has been suggested that Gosree be merged into this article or section. ... Karauli (also Karoli or Kerowlee) is a town in Rajasthan state of India. ... Rewa is a city in northern Madhya Pradesh state, central India. ... Dholpur (also Dhaulpur) is a city in eastern Rajasthan state of India. ...


Hereditary salutes of 15-guns (17-guns local): only H.H. the Maharaja of Alwar Alwar is famous for its scenic landscape Alwar is a city in the Rajasthan state of western India. ...


Hereditary salutes of 15-guns:

  • H.H. the Maharaja of Datia
  • H.H. the Maharaja of Dewas Senior
  • H.H. the Maharaja of Dewas Junior
  • H.H. the Maharaja of Dhar
  • H.H. the Maharaja of Idar
  • H.H. the Maharaja of Jaisalmer
  • H.H. the Maharaja of Kishangarh
  • H.H. the Maharaja of Orchha
  • H.H. the Maharaja of Sikkim (in the Himalaya; remained independent at India's independence, later annexed unilaterally)

Hereditary salutes of 13-guns (15-guns personal and local): Datia is a city and district in northern Madhya Pradesh state, India. ... Dhar is a town in the Malwa region of western Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ... Idar is a town in the Sabarkantha district of Gujarat, India, located about 20 km north of Himatnagar and 25 km from Gujarats border with Rajasthan. ... , Jaisalmer   (The Golden City) is a town in the Indian state of Rajasthan. ... Kishangarh is the name of a town in the Indian state of Rajasthan. ... Orchha (or Urchha) is a town in Tikamgarh district of Madhya Pradesh state, India. ... , Sikkim (also Sikhim) (DevanāgarÄ«: सिक्किम  ) is a landlocked Indian state nestled in the Himalayas. ...

Hereditary salutes of 13-guns (15-guns local): Jind (Hindi: जींद) is a town in Jind District, Haryana state, India. ... Kapurthala (Punjabi: ) is a city in Punjab state of India. ...

Hereditary salutes of 13-guns: , VārāasÄ« ( , Hindi: , IPA: ), also known as Benares, Banaras, or Benaras ( , Hindi: , , IPA: ), or Kashi or Kasi ( , Hindi: , ), is a famous Hindu holy city situated on the banks of the river Ganges (Ganga) in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... , Bhavnagar (Gujarati: , Hindi: , ) is a city in the Indian state of Gujarat. ... Nabha is a city in north-western India and lies to the south-east of the state of Punjab. ... Jamnagar is a city in the western Indian state of Gujarat, and serves as the capital of the Jamnagar district. ... , Ratlam   (Hindi:रतलाम), known historically as Ratnapuri, is a city in the Malwa region in Madhya Pradesh state of central India. ...

  • H.H. the Maharaja of Cooch Behar
  • H.H. the Maharaja Raj Sahib of Dhrangadhra-Halvad
  • H.H. the Maharaj Rana of Jhalawar
  • H.H. the Maharaja Rana Sahib of Porbandar
  • H.H. the Maharaja of Rajpipla
  • H.H. the Maharaja of Tripura

Hereditary salutes of 11-guns: For other uses see Cooch Behar (disambiguation) Cooch Behar (Bengali: কোচবিহার Pronunciation: kOOch bÄ­här`) is the district headquarters and the largest town of Cooch Behar District of Indian state of West Bengal. ... Jhalawar(Hindi:झालावाड़) is a city in southeastern Rajasthan. ... Porbandar   is a coastal city in the Indian state of Gujarat, perhaps best known for being the birthplace of Mahatma Gandhi. ... Rajpipla is the headquarters of Narmada district in the state of Gujarat, in India. ... Tripura   (Bengali: ত্রিপুরা, Hindi: त्रिपुरा) is a state in North East India. ...

Hereditary salutes of 9-guns: [[Image:|thumb|right|300px|The Royal Flag of Ajaygarh]] Ajaigarh, or Adjygurh, is a former princely state of India, in Bundelkhand, under the Central India Agency. ... Bijawar, covering an area of 2520 sq km and currently a part of Madhya Pradesh state, was one of the Princely states of India during the period of the British Raj. ... Charkhari, covering an area of 745 sq mile and currently a part of Madhya Pradesh state, was one of the Princely states of India during the period of the British Raj. ... Chhatarpur is a city and a municipality in Chhatarpur district in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. ... Gondal is a town about 40 km south of the city of Rajkot in the Rajkot District of Gujarat. ... Morvi (also, Morbi) is a town in Rajkot district, Gujarat state, India. ... Narsinghgarh is a town of historical importance in Damoh district of Madhya Pradesh in India. ... Panna can refer to: Panna, India, a city in the state of Madhya Pradesh; Paññā is the Pāli equivalent of the Sanskrit prajñā, a term used in Buddhist philosophy. ... Tehri Garhwal District is a district of Uttaranchal state of northern India. ...

Bansda, covering an area of 557 sq km and currently a part of Gujrat state, was one of the Princely states of India during the period of the British Raj. ... Jawhar is a town and a hill station in the Thane District of Maharastra state. ... Kalahandi is a district of Orissa, India. ... Mayurbhanj is a district of Orissa, India that is situated in the northern part of the state of Orissa. ... , Paá¹­nā   (Hindi: पटना) is the capital of the Indian state of Bihar, and one of the oldest continuously inhabited places in the world. ... Sonepur is a district in Orissa, India. ...

Compound and dynastic ruler titles

  • Dharma-maharaja was the devout title (compare Rajadharma) of the rulers of the Ganga dynasty

In the Mughal empire it was quite common to award to various princes (hereditary or not) a series of lofty titles as a matter of protocollary rank. Many of these (see also above) elaborate explicitly on the title Maharaja, in the following descending order:

  • Maharajadhiraja Bahadur (or Maharajadhiraj Bahadur): Great Prince over Princes, a title of honour, one degree higher than Maharajadhiraja.
  • Maharajadhiraja (or Maharajadhiraj): Great Prince over Princes, a title of honour, one degree higher than Sawai Maharaja Bahadur.
  • Sawai Maharaja Bahadur: a title of honour, one degree higher than Sawai Maharaja. (the term bahadur, originally 'brave' in Mongolian, was often used for 'one degree' higher', and 'sawai' is 'one and a quarter higher', i.e. just a step above bahadur)
  • Sawai Maharaja: a title of honour one degree higher than Maharaja Bahadur.
  • Maharaja Bahadur: a title of honour, one degree higher than Maharaja.

Furthermore there were various compound titles simply including other princely styles, such as :

Certain Hindu dynasties even came to use a unique style, including a term which as such is not of princely rank, e.g. Maharaja Gaikwar of Baroda, Maharaja Scindia of Gwalior, Maharaja Holkar of Indore, three of the very highest ranking ruling houses Also Chatrapati, an honorific or title for a ruler. ... For the moth genus, see Satara (moth). ... Extent of the Maratha Confederacy ca. ... Jhalawar(Hindi:झालावाड़) is a city in southeastern Rajasthan. ... The word sena literally means army in many South Asian languages. ... , Nāgpur   (Marathi: नागपुर) Third largest city in the western Indian state of Maharashtra after Mumbai and Pune with a population of 2. ... Sahib (the female form is memsahib or sahiba) is a Hindi and Bengali word meaning sir, master or Lord. ... Sir Madhavrao Shinde Alijabahaddar, Gwalior The Scindia, also spelled Sindhia, Sindia, or Shinde, are a prominent Maratha family in India. ... ...


Nobiliary and Honorary use

Like Raja and various other titles, Maharaja was repeatedly awarded to notables without a princely state, such as zamindars Zamindar, also known as Zemindar, Zamindari, or the Zamindari System (Persian: زمیندار) were employed by the Mughals to collect taxes from peasants. ...

  • One Raja of Lambagraon, a Jagir (in Himachal Pradesh) who served in the colonial army was granted personally the non-hereditary title of Maharaja of Kangra-Lambagraon and a personal 11-guns salute, so neither honor passed on to his son and heir
  • In the major, Muslim realm of Hyderabad & Berar, there was a system of ennobling titles for the Nizam's court retainers, conferring a specific rank without any (e)state of their own, not unlike peerage titles without an actual fief in the UK, the highest titles for Hindu nobles being Maharaja Bahadur and Maharaja, above Vant, Raja Rai-i-Rayan Bahadur, Raja Rai Bahadur, Raja Bahadur, Raja and (the lowest) Rai; for their Muslim counterparts there were alternative titles, the highest being Jah and Umara; e.g. the Diwan (Prime Minister) Maharaja Sir Kishen Pershad, held such a Maharaja-title.

Kangra-Lambagraon was a princely estate in British India. ... A Jagir is a small territory granted by a ruler to an army chieftain (called a sardar in Marathi language) in recognition of his military service. ... , Himachal Pradesh   (Panjabi: ਹਿਮਾਚਲ ਪਰਦੇਸ਼,(Hindi: हिमाचल प्रदेश, IPA: ) is a state in the north-west of India. ... Hyderabad and Berar, 1903 Hyderābād was an autonomous princely state of south-central India from 1724 until 1948, ruled by a hereditary Nizam, and an Indian state from 1948 to 1956. ... Rai is a word with the following related meanings and derived and compound forms in the Indian continent: // Rai was a title of honour for certain rulers in Northern India. ... Jah (IPA: ) is the name commonly used for God in the Rastafari movement. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...

Derived style for princes of the blood

Maharaj Kumar (or Maharajkumar) means son of a Maharaja; the female equivalent is Maharaj Kumari (Maharajkumari): daughter of a Maharaja. Kumar (from Sanskrit meaning boy, (unmarried) youth) is an Indian title, given name or family name. ...


Malay world

Indonesia

As many Indonesian states started out when the archipelago was still predominantly Hindu (Bali still is) or Buddhist, some have been ruled by a Maharaja, such as Srivijaya and Kutai Karta Negara (until that kingdom converted to Islam in 1565, when the Muslim title of Sultan was adopted). Traditional titles remain in use for the other members of this dynasty, such as Pangeran Ratu for the heir. Bali is an Indonesian island located at , the westernmost of the Lesser Sunda Islands, lying between Java to the west and Lombok to the east. ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... Map of Southeast Asia at end of 12th century. ... Sultan (Arabic: سلطان) is an Islamic title, with several historical meanings. ... Pangeran Ratu (d. ...


Malaysia

In peninsular Malaysia:

  • Maharaja was the title of the Monarch of the peninsular Malay state of Johor(e) from 1873 to 1885. The Arabic, Muslim title Sultan, often considered of higher rank, was re-adopted later and remains in current usage.
  • the title Bendahara Seri Maharaja was used by the ruler of Pahang (1623 - 1853 in personal union with Johor, eventually becoming a fief of the Bendahara family), till on 6 August 1882 Tuanku Ahmad al-Muadzam Shah ibni al-Marhum Tun Ali adopted the title sultan

In northern Borneo, the title Maharajah of Sabah and Rajah of Gaya and Sandakan was used 29 December 1877 - 26 August 1881 by Alfred Dent (compare White Rajah) This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Sultan (Arabic: سلطان) is an Islamic title, with several historical meanings. ... State anthem: Pahang State Anthem Capital Kuantan Royal capital Pekan Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Sultan Sultan Ahmad Shah  - Menteri Besar Adnan Yaakob History    - Federated into FMS 1895   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 35,964 km² Population  - 2005 estimate 1,372,500  - Density 38. ... Bendahara is an administrative position within classical Malay kingdoms before the intervention of European powers during the 19th century. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Kalimantan. ... Gaya was a confederacy of chiefdoms that existed in the Nakdong River valley of Korea during the Three Kingdoms era. ... Location in Sabah and Malaysia Country Malaysia State Sandakan Establishment Government  - Council President Dr Yeo Boon Hai Area  - City 2,266 km²  (875 sq mi) Population (2006)  - City 427,200  - Density 184/km² (488/sq mi) Time zone MST (UTC+8)  - Summer (DST) Not observed (UTC) Website: http://www. ... The White Rajahs is a dynasty that ruled Sarawak from 1842 to 1946. ...


Philippines

In the Philippines, more specifically in Sulu, Maharaja (also spelled "Maharajah") was a title given to various subdivisional princes. Parts of the Philippines may have also been ruled by a Maharajah under the Srivijaya and Majapahit empires. Map of Southeast Asia at end of 12th century. ... The Majapahit Empire was based in eastern Java and ruled much of the southern Malay Peninsula, Borneo, Sumatra, and Bali from about 1293 to around 1500. ...


Compound titles

The word can also be part of titles used by Malay nobility This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

  • Maharaja Lela was the title of the ruler of the State of Naning (founded 1641), until it was annexed by the UK to Malacca in 1832

Most famous was Bendahara Seri Maharaja Tun Mutahir of Malacca (executed 1509) and Datuk Maharaja Lela Pandak Endut of Perak (executed 1876). Naning is an area in modern day Malacca, Malaysia and was founded in 1641. ... State motto: Bersatu Teguh State anthem: Melaka Maju Jaya Capital Malacca Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Yang di-Pertua Negeri Mohd Khalil Yaakob  - Ketua Menteri Mohd Ali Mohd Rustam History    - Malacca Sultanate 13th century   - Portuguese control 24 August 1511   - Dutch control 14 January 1641   - British control 17 March 1824   - Japanese occupation... Bendahara is an administrative position within classical Malay kingdoms before the intervention of European powers during the 19th century. ... The word Maharaja (also spelled maharajah) is Hindi as well as ancient Sanskrit for high king (a karmadharaya from maha great and rajan king). Its use is primarily for Hindu potentates (ruler or sovereign). ... State anthem: Allah Lanjutkan Usia Sultan Capital Ipoh Royal capital Kuala Kangsar Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Sultan Sultan Azlan Shah  - Menteri Besar Tajol Rosli Mohd Ghazali History    - Pangkor treaty 1874   - Federated into FMS 1895   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 21,006 km² Population  - 2005...


The palace marshal of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong (federal elective Paramount ruler) of modern Malaysia is called Datuk Maharaja Lela Penghulu Istana Negara. Flag of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan Agong, a Malay title usually translated as Supreme Ruler or Paramount Ruler, is the official title of the constitutional head of state of the federation of Malaysia. ...


Philippines

Sulu

The name Maharajah Adinda was given to one of the lineages of the Sulu Royal Family. And as a result, sultans under this lineage append "Maharajah Adinda" as a title to the beginning of their names. Sulu is an island province of the Philippines located in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). ...


Indonesia

Aceh

Maharaja was also part of the titles of the nobility in the Sumatran sultanate of Aceh. In the past the title of Maharaja is given to leader of the unreigning noble family and the Prime Minister Maharaja Mangkubumi. The last Prime Minister of Aceh who was installed to be the Maharaja Mangkubumi, Habib Abdurrahman el Zahir, also acted as the foreign affairs minister of Aceh but was deposed and exiled to Jeddah by the colonial Dutch east Indies authorities in October 1878. Aceh (IPA pronunciation: , pronounced approximately Ah-Cèh, but with [e], not [ei] at the end) is a special territory (daerah istimewa) of Indonesia, located on the northern tip of the island of Sumatra. ... Nickname: Location of Jeddah Coordinates: , Country Saudi Arabia Province Makkah (Mecca) Established 500+ BC Government  - Mayor Adil Faqeeh  - City Governor Mishal Al-Saud  - Province Governor Khalid Al-Faisal Area  - City 1,320 km²  (509. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


See also

Brahmanical See refers to the domain of certain Hindu leaders in the Indian subcontinent. ... Maharaj is a Hindu noble and religious title. ... Ouparath, also Ouparaja, or Uparaja, are titles for viceregal positions reserved for of the Buddhist dynasties in Laos, Siam, Burma and Cambodia, as well as some minor tributary kingdoms of these. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Sultan (Arabic: سلطان) is an Islamic title, with several historical meanings. ... A Raja (Sanskrit ) is a king, or princely ruler from the Kshatriya / Rajput lineages. ... Muhajir or Mohajir (Arabic: مهاجر) is an Arabic word meaning refugee or immigrant or emigrant. ...

Sources and references

  • WorldStatesmen Here India (most in Princely States A-J & K-Z); see also Indonesia, Malaysia etc.
  • Royal Ark select first present country, then state/dynasty
  • Indian Princely States- specialized site

  Results from FactBites:
 
RPGnet : Review of Maharaja (2602 words)
The object of Maharaja is to gain the favor of the Maharaja by building 7 mighty palaces to his glory.
Move the Maharaja: At the start of the round, the Maharaja moves to the city currently indicated by the governor at the bottom of the governor track (recall that each governor is associated with one city, as clearly noted on the gameboard).
Overall, Maharaja reminds me a lot of Mexica, as they're both in games in which you're constantly scuttling from one region to another in order to build up and maintain control of those regions; Maharaja is a little deeper thanks to the additional levels of complexity allowed for by the character cards.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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