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Encyclopedia > Mahabalipuram

Coordinates: 12.63° N 80.17° E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Mahabalipuram

Mahabalipuram
State
 - District(s)
Tamil Nadu
 - Kancheepuram
Coordinates 12.63° N 80.17° E
Area
 - Elevation

 - 12 m
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Population (2001)
 - Density
12,049
 - 
Codes
 - Postal
 - Telephone
 - Vehicle
 
 - 603104
 - +91-44
 - TN-21
 Shore Temple, rescued from the sea
Shore Temple, rescued from the sea

Mahabalipuram (Tamil:மகாபலிபுரம்) (also known as Mamallapuram) is a town in Kancheepuram district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is a 7th century port city of the South Indian dynasty of the Pallavas around 60 km south from the city of Chennai in Tamil Nadu. It is believed to have been named after the Pallava king Mamalla. It has various historic monuments built largely between the 7th and the 9th century, and has been classified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Image File history File links India-locator-map-blank. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... India is subdivided into twenty-eight states and seven union territories; the states and territories are themselves further subdivided. ... The divisions of a district. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... Kanchipuram District Kanchipuram, Kanchi, or Kancheepuram (also sometimes Conjeevaram) is a district is in the northeast of Tamil Nadu, adjacent to the Bay of Bengal. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Indian Standard Time (IST) is the time zone for India. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of the Volunteer The United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations Events January January 1 - A black monolith measuring approximately nine feet tall appears in Seattles Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... The Indian Postal services employ a 6 digit postal code known as a Postal Index Number (similar to the 5 digit ZIP Codes in USA) that is spanned and geopolitically ordered across the nation. ... Licence plates on the back of a taxi in Kolkata. ... Shore Temple, Mahabalipuram Photograph taken by a friend Ravi Krishna with Kodak digicam in 2001 and reproduced here with his permission. ... Shore Temple, Mahabalipuram Photograph taken by a friend Ravi Krishna with Kodak digicam in 2001 and reproduced here with his permission. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Main street in Bastrop, Texas, a small town A town is a residential community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ... Kanchipuram District Kanchipuram, Kanchi, or Kancheepuram (also sometimes Conjeevaram) is a district is in the northeast of Tamil Nadu, adjacent to the Bay of Bengal. ... India is subdivided into twenty-eight states and seven union territories; the states and territories are themselves further subdivided. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... The 7th century is the period from 601 - 700 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ... South India is a linguistic-cultural region of India that comprises the four Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu and the Union Territory of Pondicherry, whose inhabitants are collectively referred to as South Indians. ... The Pallava kingdom (Tamil: பல்லவர்) was an ancient South Indian kingdom. ... “Madras” redirects here. ... Narasimhavarman I was one of the most famous Pallava kings who ruled from A.D. 630 - 668. ... As a means of recording the passage of time the 9th century was that century that lasted from 801 to 900. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State...


The monuments are mostly rock-cut and monolithic, and constitute the early stages of Dravidian architecture wherein Buddhist elements of design are prominently visible. They are constituted by cave temples, monolithic rathas (chariots), sculpted reliefs and structural temples. The pillars are of the Dravidian order. The sculptures are excellent examples of Pallava art. Dravidian architecture, as unique and spectacular as any Greek, Roman or Egyptian architecture, spans many thousands of years. ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by...


It is believed by some that this area served as a school for young sculptors. The different sculptures, some half finished, may have been examples of different styles of architecture, probably demonstrated by instructors and practiced on by young students. This can be seen in the Pancha Rathas where each Ratha is sculpted in a different style.


Some important structures include:

  • Descent of the Ganges - a giant open-air bas relief
  • Arjuna's Penance - relief sculpture on a massive scale extolling an episode from the Hindu epic, The Mahabharata.
  • Varaha Cave Temple - a small rock-cut temple dating back to the 7th century.
  • The Shore Temple - a structural temple along the Bay of Bengal with the entrance from the western side away from the sea. Recent excavations have revealed new structures here. The temple was reconstructed stone by stone from the sea after being washed away in a cyclone.
  • Pancha Rathas (Five Chariots) - five monolithic pyramidal structures named after the Pandavas (Arjuna, Bhima, Yudhishtra, Nakula and Sahadeva) and Draupadi. An interesting aspect of the rathas is that, despite their sizes they are not assembled — each of these is carved from one single large piece of stone.

An ancient port city and parts of a temple built in the 7th century may have been uncovered by the tsunami that resulted from the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake. As the waves gradually receded, the force of the water removed sand deposits that had covered various rocky structures and revealed carvings of animals, which included an elaborately carved head of an elephant and a horse in flight. A small square-shaped niche with a carved statue of a deity could be seen above the head of the elephant. In another structure, there was a sculpture of a reclining lion. Bas relief - Descent of the Ganges Relief detail Descent of the Ganges at Mahabalipuram, in the Tamil Nadu state India, is one of a group of monuments that were designated as a World Heritage Site since 1984. ... Arjunas Penance is the name of a massive bas-relief dating from the 7th century CE located in the town of Mahabalipuram in Southern India. ... The Mahabharata (Devanagari: महाभारत, phonetically Mahābhārata - see note), sometimes just called Bharata, is one of the two major ancient Sanskrit epics of India, the other being the Ramayana. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Shore temple The Shore Temple is a structural temple, built with blocks of granites, dating from the 8th century AD build on a promontory sticking out into the Bay of Bengal at Mamallapuram, a tiny village south of Chennai in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. ... A map showing the location of the Bay of Bengal. ... A view of the Five Rathas at Mamallapuram Pancha Rathas an example of monolith Indian rock cut architecture dating from the late 7th century located at Mamallapuram, a tiny village south of Madras in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. ... In the Mahabharata, the Pandava are the five acknowledged sons of Pandu, by his two wives Kunti and Madri. ... Krishna to Arjuna: Behold My mystic opulence! Arjuna (Sanskrit: अर्जुन, arjuna) is one of the heroes of the Hindu epic Mahabharata. ... A motif depicting Bheema in the battle ready posture. ... ... In the Hindu epic Mahabharata, Nakula (Sanskrit: नकुल, naküla) was the son of king Pandu and queen Madri. ... Sahadeva (Sanskrit: सहदेव, sahadéva) is a character in the Mahabharata. ... Draupadi. ... The tsunami that struck Malé in the Maldives on December 26, 2004. ... Tsunami strikes Ao Nang, Thailand. ...

The rathas in Mahabalipuram
The rathas in Mahabalipuram
Front view of the Mahishasuramarthini cave temple at Mamallapuram, Tamilnadu India.
Front view of the Mahishasuramarthini cave temple at Mamallapuram, Tamilnadu India.

The use of these animal sculptures as decorations is consistent with other decorated walls and temples from the Pallava period in the 7th and 8th centuries. According to descriptions by early travel writers from Britain, the area near Mahabalipuram had seven pagodas by the sea. Accounts of Mahabalipuram were first written down by British traveller John Goldingham who was told of the "Seven Pagodas" when he visited in 1798. These structures could be part of the legendary pagodas. The Archaeological Survey of India sent divers to begin underwater excavations of the area on February 17, 2005. Image File history File links Rathas-Mahabalipuram. ... Image File history File links Rathas-Mahabalipuram. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... (7th century — 8th century — 9th century — other centuries) Events The Iberian peninsula is taken by Arab and Berber Muslims, thus ending the Visigothic rule, and starting almost 8 centuries of Muslim presence there. ... A pagoda at Sibu, Sarawak, Malaysia Nepalese Pagoda This article is about the building style. ... John Goldingham John Goldingham was the first official astronomer of the Madras Observatory, appointed in 1802. ... // [edit] The myth Nakula and Sahadevas Rathas, part of the Seven Pagodas complex, circa 1914. ... 1798 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Archaeological Survey of India is an Indian government agency under the Department of Culture that is responsible about archaeological studies and preservation of cultural monuments. ... February 17 is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Mahabalipuram has an average elevation of 12 metres (39 feet). The metre, or meter (U.S.), is a measure of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ...


As of 2001 India census,GRIndia Mahabalipuram had a population of 12,049. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Mahabalipuram has an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 82%, and female literacy is 66%. In Mahabalipuram, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age. 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of the Volunteer The United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations Events January January 1 - A black monolith measuring approximately nine feet tall appears in Seattles Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous... 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ...

See also

// [edit] The myth Nakula and Sahadevas Rathas, part of the Seven Pagodas complex, circa 1914. ...

External links and references


  Results from FactBites:
 
MAHABALIPURAM TRAVEL AND HOTEL GUIDE :: Travel made Easy (1073 words)
Mahabalipuram is a town in Kancheepuram district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Mahabalipuram, or Mamallapuram, was the chief seaport of the Pallavas who ruled over much of South India from as early as the first century B.C to the eighth century A.D., and it is now recognized as the site of some of the greatest architectural and sculptural achievements in India.
Krishna Mandapam :- The Krishna Temple is one of the earliest rock-cut temples of Mahabalipuram.
Mahabalipuram - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (605 words)
Mahabalipuram (also known as Mamallapuram) is a 7th century port city of the South Indian dynasty of the Pallavas around 60 km south from the city of Chennai in Tamil Nadu.
The use of these animal sculptures as decorations is consistent with other decorated walls and temples from the Pallava period in the seventh and eighth centuries.
According to descriptions by early travel writers from Britain, the area near Mahabalipuram had seven pagodas by the sea.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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