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Encyclopedia > Magnificat
The Visitation in the Book of Hours of the Duc of Berry
The Visitation in the Book of Hours of the Duc of Berry

The Magnificat (also known as the Song of Mary) is a canticle frequently sung (or said) liturgically in Christian church services. The canticle's use derives from its presence in the Gospel of Luke, where it appears (Luke 1:46-55) within the otherwise prose text. This canticle also appears in the Book of Odes, a liturgical collection of various odes drawn mainly from the Old Testament. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1144x1064, 254 KB) Les Très Riches Heures du duc de Berry, Folio 59v - The Visitation the Musée Condé, Chantilly. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1144x1064, 254 KB) Les Très Riches Heures du duc de Berry, Folio 59v - The Visitation the Musée Condé, Chantilly. ... An editor has expressed a concern that the subject of the article does not satisfy the notability guideline or one of the following guidelines for inclusion on Wikipedia: Biographies, Books, Companies, Fiction, Music, Neologisms, Numbers, Web content, or several proposals for new guidelines. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... A canticle is a hymn (strictly excluding the Psalms) taken from the Bible. ... The word leitourgia is derived from the two Greek words, leos and ergon. Leos, meaning the people of God and Ergon meaning the work. ... Christians believe that Jesus is the mediator of the New Covenant (see Hebrews 8:6). ... The Gospel of Luke is the third and longest of the four canonical Gospels of the New Testament, which tell the story of Jesus life, death, and resurrection. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Odes () is a book of the Bible found only in Eastern Orthodox Bibles and included or appended after Psalms in Alfred Rahlfs critical edition of the Septuagint. ...


According to the Bible, after the annunciation by which Mary is informed by the archangel Gabriel that she is pregnant with Jesus, Mary responded by visiting her cousin Elizabeth. In the narrative, after Mary greeted Elizabeth, Elizabeth's unborn child (the future John the Baptist) moved in her womb, and when this was noticed, she sang the Magnificat in response (scholars, ancient manuscripts, and English translations of the Bible, differ on whether it was Mary who sung it, or whether it was Elizabeth).[citation needed] A key piece of the Paleologan Mannerism - the Annunciation icon from Ohrid. ... According to the New Testament, Mary (Judeo-Aramaic מרים Maryām Bitter; Arabic مريم (Maryam); Septuagint Greek Μαριαμ, Mariam, Μαρια, Maria; Geez: ማሪያም, Māryām; Syriac: Mart, Maryam, Madonna), was the mother of Jesus of Nazareth, who at the time of his conception was the betrothed wife of Saint Joseph (cf. ... Gabriel delivering the Annunciation. ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... The Visitation is a Catholic feast day (2 July) commemorating the visit of the Virgin Mary to Elizabeth as recorded in the Gospel of Luke. ... Icon depiction of Jesus baptism by the hand of John, Jordan River, Jordan The excavated remains of the baptism site in Bethany beyond the Jordan John the Baptist (also called John the Baptiser, or Yahya the Baptiser) was a 1st century Jewish preacher and ascetic regarded as a prophet by... The efforts of translating the Bible from its original languages into over 2,000 others have spanned more than two millennia. ...


According to textual scholars, the text is simply an abbreviated version of the Song of Hannah, from the Books of Samuel. Textual criticism or lower criticism is a branch of philology or bibliography that is concerned with the identification and removal of errors from texts. ... The Song of Hannah is a poem interrupting the prose text of the Books of Samuel. ... The Books of Samuel (Hebrew: Sefer Shmuel ספר שמואל), are part of the Tanakh (part of Judaisms Hebrew Bible) and also of the Old Testament (of Christianity). ...

Contents

Text

Although like other New Testament texts the Magnificat was originally written in Greek, in the Western Church it is most often to be found in Latin or the vernacular. Its name comes from the first word of the Latin version (see incipit). John 21:1 Jesus Appears to His Disciples--Alessandro Mantovani: the Vatican, Rome. ... The term Great Schism refers to either of two splits in the history of Christianity: Most commonly, it refers to the great East-West Schism, the event that separated Eastern Orthodoxy and Western Roman Catholicism in the eleventh century (1054). ... Latin was the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... The incipit of a text, such as a poem, song, or book, is its first few words. ...


Greek:

Μεγαλύνει ἡ ψυχή μου τὸν Κύριον καὶ ἠγαλλίασε τὸ πνεῦμά μου ἐπὶ τῷ Θεῷ τῷ σωτῆρί μου,
ὅτι ἐπέβλεψεν ἐπὶ τὴν ταπείνωσιν τῆς δούλης αὐτοῦ. ἰδοὺ γὰρ ἀπὸ τοῦ νῦν μακαριοῦσί με πᾶσαι αἱ γενεαί.
ὅτι ἐποίησέ μοι μεγαλεῖα ὁ δυνατός καὶ ἅγιον τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ, καὶ τὸ ἔλεος αὐτοῦ εἰς γενεὰς γενεῶν τοῖς φοβουμένοις αὐτόν.
Ἐποίησε κράτος ἐν βραχίονι αὐτοῦ, διεσκόρπισεν ὑπερηφάνους διανοίᾳ καρδίας αὐτῶν·
καθεῖλε δυνάστας ἀπὸ θρόνων καὶ ὕψωσε ταπεινούς, πεινῶντας ἐνέπλησεν ἀγαθῶν καὶ πλουτοῦντας ἐξαπέστειλε κενούς.
ἀντελάβετο Ἰσραὴλ παιδὸς αὐτοῦ, μνησθῆναι ἐλέους, καθὼς ἐλάλησε πρὸς τοὺς πατέρας ἡμῶν, τῷ Ἀβραὰμ καὶ τῷ σπέρματι αὐτοῦ εἰς τὸν αἰῶνα.

Latin (Vulgate): The Vulgate Bible is an early 5th century translation of the Bible into Latin made by St. ...

Magnificat anima mea Dominum
Et exultavit spiritus meus in Deo salutari meo.
Quia respexit humilitatem ancillæ suæ: ecce enim ex hoc beatam me dicent omnes generationes.
Quia fecit mihi magna qui potens est, et sanctum nomen eius.
Et misericordia eius a progenie in progenies timentibus eum.
Fecit potentiam in bracchio suo, dispersit superbos mente cordis sui.
Deposuit potentes de sede et exaltavit humiles.
Esurientes implevit bonis et divites dimisit inanes,
Suscepit Israel puerum suum recordatus misericordiæ suæ,
Sicut locutus est ad patres nostros, Abraham et semini eius in sæcula.

English (Douay-Rheims): The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The Douai Bible, also known as the Rheims-Douai Bible or Douay-Rheims Bible, was a Roman Catholic translation of the Holy Bible from the Latin Vulgate into English. ...

My soul doth magnify the Lord. And my spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour.
Because he hath regarded the humility of his handmaid; for behold from henceforth all generations shall call me blessed.
Because he that is mighty, hath done great things to me; and holy is his name.
And his mercy is from generation unto generations, to them that fear him.
He hath shewed might in his arm: he hath scattered the proud in the conceit of their heart.
He hath put down the mighty from their seat, and hath exalted the humble.
He hath filled the hungry with good things; and the rich he hath sent empty away.
He hath received Israel his servant, being mindful of his mercy: As he spoke to our fathers, to Abraham and to his seed for ever.

English (Book of Common Prayer): For the novel by Joan Didion, see A Book of Common Prayer. ...

My soul doth magnify the Lord : and my spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour.
For he hath regarded : the lowliness of his handmaiden.
For behold, from henceforth : all generations shall call me blessed.
For he that is mighty hath magnified me : and holy is his name.
And his mercy is on them that fear him : throughout all generations.
He hath shewed strength with his arm : he hath scattered the proud in the imagination of their hearts.
He hath put down the mighty from their seat : and hath exalted the humble and meek.
He hath filled the hungry with good things : and the rich he hath sent empty away.
He remembering his mercy hath holpen his servant Israel : as he promised to our forefathers, Abraham and his seed, for ever.

English (Common Worship): Common Worship is a series of books of services and prayers, known as a liturgy, published by the Church of England. ...

My soul proclaims the greatness of the Lord, my spirit rejoices in God my Saviour;
he has looked with favour on his lowly servant.
From this day all generations will call me blessed;
the Almighty has done great things for me and holy is his name.
He has mercy on those who fear him,
from generation to generation.
He has shown strength with his arm
and has scattered the proud in their conceit,
Casting down the mighty from their thrones
and lifting up the lowly.
He has filled the hungry with good things
and sent the rich away empty.
He has come to the aid of his servant Israel,
to remember his promise of mercy,
The promise made to our ancestors,
to Abraham and his children for ever.

Liturgical Use

(Tonus VIII G in Liber usualis p.212[1])


The text forms a part of the daily office in the Catholic Vespers service and the Anglican services of Evening Prayer according to both the Book of Common Prayer and Common Worship (see Evening Prayer (Anglican)). In the BCP service it is paired with the Nunc dimittis, and in both Anglican services it is generally followed by the Gloria Patri. (Modern Anglican rubrics generally allow for a wider selection of canticles at Evening Prayer; but the Magnificat and Nunc dimittis remain the most popular.) It has accordingly been a popular text for many composers. Canonical hours are ancient divisions of time, developed by the Christian Church, serving as increments between the prescribed prayers of the daily round. ... Vespers is the evening prayer service in the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox liturgies of the canonical hours. ... The term Anglican describes those people and churches following the religious traditions of the Church of England, especially following the Reformation. ... For the novel by Joan Didion, see A Book of Common Prayer. ... Common Worship is a series of books of services and prayers, known as a liturgy, published by the Church of England. ... Evening Prayer is a liturgy used in the Anglican Communion (and other churches in the Anglican tradition, such as the Continuing Anglican Movement) used in the late afternoon or evening. ... Nunc Dimittis is the Latin name of the passage in the second chapter of Luke that is commonly called the Canticle of Simeon. ... Glory Be to the Father, also known as Gloria Patri, is a prayer of the Rosary, one of the central devotional practices in the Roman Catholic form of the Christian religion. ...


Perhaps the best known Magnificats are that from Vespers of 1610 composed by Claudio Monteverdi, those composed by Johann Sebastian Bach, BWV 243 or Charles Villiers Stanford who wrote a magnificat in every major key. In the same vein, many other "classical" composers (from Vivaldi to Rachmaninoff) have set extended versions for orchestra, chorus, and solos. However, most of these concerted settings were neither intended nor convenient for liturgical use; more often choirs will sing a shorter, simpler setting a capella or with only organ accompaniment. Several such settings from the Renaissance remain popular; and nearly every composer in the 19th and 20th century Anglican choral tradition has composed one or more settings of the "Mag and Nunc." Since these canticles are sung nearly every day at some Cathedrals and Oxbridge college chapels, there is a real need for multiple settings; at its extreme this led Herbert Howells, a noted composer of these canticles, to publish twenty settings of them over his career. More recently, an extended Magnificat setting was composed by John Rutter in 1990. This setting was inspired by certain aspects of J.S. Bach's setting.[1] Vespro della Beata Vergine 1610 (Vespers for the Blessed Virgin, 1610), or simply the Vespers of 1610, as it is commonly called, is a musical composition by Claudio Monteverdi. ... Portrait of Claudio Monteverdi in Venice, 1640, by Bernardo Strozzi. ... Johann Sebastian Bach (pronounced ) (21 March 1685 O.S. – 28 July 1750 N.S.) was a prolific German composer and organist whose sacred and secular works for choir, orchestra and solo instruments drew together the strands of the Baroque period and brought it to its ultimate maturity. ... The Magnificat in D major, BWV 243, is one of the major vocal works of Johann Sebastian Bach. ... Sir Charles Villiers Stanford (September 30, 1852 – 29 March 1924) was an Irish composer. ... Antonio Lucio Vivaldi (March 4, 1678 – July 28 or 27, 1741), nicknamed Il Prete Rosso (The Red Priest), was a Venetian priest and baroque music composer, as well as a famous violinist. ... Sergei Vasilievich Rachmaninoff (Russian: , Sergej Vasil’evič Rachmaninov, 1 April 1873 (N.S.) or 20 March 1873 (O.S.) – 28 March 1943) was a Russian composer, pianist, and conductor. ... A cappella music is vocal music or singing without instrumental accompaniment, or a piece intended to be performed in this way. ... This article or section should be merged with Pipe organ The Casavant pipe organ at Notre-Dame de Montréal Basilica, Montreal The organ is a type of keyboard musical instrument, distinctive because the sound is not produced by a percussion action, as on a piano or celesta, or by... Raphael was famous for depicting illustrious figures of the Classical past with the features of his Renaissance contemporaries. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... Anglican church music is music that is performed in Anglican church services. ... A Cathedral is a Christian church building, specifically of a denomination with an episcopal hierarchy, which serves as the central church of a bishopric. ... Oxbridge is a name used to refer to the universities of Oxford and Cambridge, the two oldest in the United Kingdom and the English-speaking world. ... Herbert Norman Howells CH (17 October 1892 – 23 February 1983) was an English composer, organist, and teacher. ... John Rutter (born September 24, 1945) is an English composer, choral conductor, editor, arranger and record producer. ...


In Eastern Orthodox worship, the Magnificat is usually sung during the Sunday Matins service before the irmos of the ninth ode of the canon. After each verse the troparion is sung: The Eastern Orthodox Church is a Christian body that views itself: as the historical continuation of the original Christian community established by Jesus and the Twelve Apostles. ... For the Anglican service of Mattins see Morning Prayer Matins is the early morning prayer service in the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox liturgies of the canonical hours. ... The irmos is the initial verse of each individual ode in a canon, sung by the choir; from the Greek verb to tie, meaning that it poetically connects the ode to the subject of the canon. ... A canon is a structured hymn used in a number of Eastern Orthodox services. ... Troparion (also tropar, plural: troparia) in Byzantine music and in the religious music of Eastern Orthodoxy is a short hymn of one stanza, or one of a series of stanzas (this may carry the further connotation of a hymn interpolated between psalm verses). ...

"More honorable than the Cherubim, and more glorious beyond compare than the Seraphim, without corruption thou gavest birth to God the Word: true Theotokos, we magnify thee."

A cherub (Hebrew כרוב, plural כרובים cherubim) is a supernatural entity mentioned several times in the Tanakh (the Hebrew Bible), and in the Book of Revelation (a New Testament text), as well as often being depicted in western art. ... A seraph (Hebrew שׂרף, plural שׂרפים Seraphim) is one of a class of celestial beings mentioned once in the Hebrew Bible (Tanakh or Old Testament), in Isaiah. ... Look up logos, λόγος in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Theotokos of Kazan Theotokos (Greek: , translit. ...

Controversy

During the 1980s, the dictators of Guatemala outlawed the public reading of the Magnificat because of its revolutionary tones.[2]


Trivia

In Nicaragua,the Magnificat is a favorite prayer among many peasants and is often carried as an amulet. During the Somoza years, campesinos were required to carry proof of having voted for Somoza and this document was mockingly refered to as the Magnificat.[3] Somoza was the name of an influential political dynasty in Nicaragua. ... Campesino means simple farmer in Spanish. ...


Notes

  1. ^ http://www.choirs.org.uk/prognotes/Rutter%20-%20Magnificat.htm
  2. ^ Amazing Grace: A Vocabulary of Faith, Kathleen Norris (New York: Riverhead Books, 1998) p. 117.
  3. ^ 'The Gospel in Solentiname', Ernesto Cardenal (Maryknoll: Orbis Books, 1978) p.25.

  Results from FactBites:
 
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Magnificat (1638 words)
The Magnificat is in many places very similar in thought and phrase to the Canticle of Anna (1 Samuel 2:1-10), and to various psalms (xxxiii, 3-5; xxxiv, 9; cxxxvii, 6; lxx, 19; cxxv, 2-3; cx, 9; xcvii, 1; cxvii, 16; xxxii, 10; cxii, 7; xxxii, 11; xcvii, 3; cxxxi, 11).
The "Magnificat" is assigned to Vespers, the "Benedictus" to Lauds, and the "Nunc Dimittis" to Compline.
At the intonation "Magnificat", all who are in the sanctuary arise, and the celebrant (having first removed his birretta "in honour of the canticles") goes with his assistants to the altar, where, with the customary reverences, etc., he blesses the incense and incenses the altar as at the beginning of solemn Mass.
Mary Woman of Faith Chapter of Magnificat, a Ministry to Catholic Women located in Birmingham, Al. USA (806 words)
The Magnificat is a hymn of praise that was recited or sung by the Blessed Mother at the time of her visit to her cousin Elizabeth, shortly after the Annunciation.
Magnificat is a private association of the faithful within the Catholic Church under the jurisdiction of the local ordinary.
Magnificat began October 7, 1981, the feast of the Holy Rosary, at the encouragement of Archbishop Phillip M. Hannan and Auxiliary Bishop Stanley J. Ott of the Archdiocese of New Orleans, Louisiana.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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