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Encyclopedia > Magnetic flux
Electromagnetism
Electricity · Magnetism
Electrostatics
Electric charge
Coulomb's law
Electric field
Gauss's law
Electric potential
Electric dipole moment
Magnetostatics
Ampère's Circuital law
Magnetic field
Magnetic flux
Biot-Savart law
Magnetic dipole moment
Electrodynamics
Electric current
Lorentz force law
Electromotive force
(EM) Electromagnetic induction
Faraday-Lenz law
Displacement current
Maxwell's equations
(EMF) Electromagnetic field
(EM) Electromagnetic radiation
Electrical Network
Electrical conduction
Electrical resistance
Capacitance
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Magnetic flux, represented by the Greek letter Φ (phi), is a measure of quantity of magnetism, taking account of the strength and the extent of a magnetic field. The SI unit of magnetic flux is the weber (in derived units: volt-seconds), and the unit of magnetic field intensity is the weber per square meter, or tesla. Image File history File links Solenoid. ... Electromagnetism is the physics of the electromagnetic field: a field which exerts a force on particles that possess the property of electric charge, and is in turn affected by the presence and motion of those particles. ... Lightning strikes during a night-time thunderstorm. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with magnet. ... Electrostatics (also known as Static Electricity) is the branch of physics that deals with the forces exerted by a static (i. ... Electric charge is a fundamental conserved property of some subatomic particles, which determines their electromagnetic interaction. ... Coulombs torsion balance In physics, Coulombs law is an inverse-square law indicating the magnitude and direction of electrostatic force that one stationary, electrically charged object of small dimensions (ideally, a point source) exerts on another. ... It has been suggested that optical field be merged into this article or section. ... In physics and mathematical analysis, Gausss law is the electrostatic application of the generalized Gausss theorem giving the equivalence relation between any flux, e. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... In physics, the electric dipole moment is a measure of the polarity of a system of electric charges. ... Magnetostatics is the study of static magnetic fields. ... In physics, Ampères Circuital law, discovered by André-Marie Ampère, relates the circulating magnetic field in a closed loop to the electric current passing through the loop. ... This template is misplaced. ... The Biot-Savart law is a physical law with applications in both electromagnetics and fluid dynamics. ... A bar magnet. ... Classical electrodynamics (or classical electromagnetism) is a theory of electromagnetism that was developed over the course of the 19th century, most prominently by James Clerk Maxwell. ... Electric current is the flow (movement) of electric charge. ... Lorentz force. ... Electromotive force (emf) is the amount of energy gained per unit charge that passes through a device in the opposite direction to the electric field existing across that device. ... Electromagnetic induction is the production of an electrical potential difference (or voltage) across a conductor situated in a changing magnetic flux. ... Faradays law of induction (more generally, the law of electromagnetic induction) states that the induced emf (electromotive force) in a closed loop equals the negative of the time rate of change of magnetic flux through the loop. ... Displacement current is a quantity related to a changing electric field. ... In electromagnetism, Maxwells equations are a set of equations first presented as a distinct group in the later half of the nineteenth century by James Clerk Maxwell. ... The electromagnetic field is a physical field that is produced by electrically charged objects and which affects the behaviour of charged objects in the vicinity of the field. ... Electromagnetic waves can be imagined as a self-propagating transverse oscillating wave of electric and magnetic fields. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Electrical conduction is the movement of electrically charged particles through a transmission medium (electrical conductor). ... Electrical resistance is a measure of the degree to which an electrical component opposes the passage of current. ... Capacitance is a measure of the amount of electric charge stored (or separated) for a given electric potential. ... Inductance (or electric inductance) is a measure of the amount of magnetic flux produced for a given electric current. ... Electrical impedance, or simply impedance, is a measure of opposition to a sinusoidal alternating electric current. ... A resonator is a device or part that vibrates (or oscillates) with waves. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Waveguide (optics). ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with magnet. ... This template is misplaced. ... Look up si, Si, SI in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Measurement is the determination of the size or magnitude of something. ... This article is in need of attention. ... SI unit. ...


Description

The flux through an element of area perpendicular to the direction of magnetic field is given by the product of the magnetic field and the area element. More generally, magnetic flux is defined by a scalar product of the magnetic field and the area element vector. Gauss's law for magnetism, which is one of the four Maxwell's equations, states that the total magnetic flux through a closed surface is zero. This law is a consequence of the empirical observation that magnetic monopoles do not exist or are not measurable. flux in science and mathematics. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Fig. ... This template is misplaced. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... In mathematics, the dot product (also known as the scalar product and the inner product) is a function (·) : V × V → F, where V is a vector space and F its underlying field. ... In electromagnetism, Maxwells equations are a set of equations first presented as a distinct group in the later half of the nineteenth century by James Clerk Maxwell. ... In physics, a magnetic monopole is a hypothetical particle that may be loosely described as a magnet with only one pole (see electromagnetic theory for more on magnetic poles). ...


The magnetic flux is defined as the integral of the magnetic field over an area: In calculus, the integral of a function is an extension of the concept of a sum. ...

Phi_m = int !!! int mathbf{B} cdot dmathbf S,

where

Phi_m is the magnetic flux
B is the magnetic field
S is the area.

We know from Gauss's law for magnetism that

nabla cdot mathbf{B}=0.,

The volume integral of this equation, in combination with the divergence theorem, provides the following result: In mathematics — in particular, in multivariable calculus — a volume integral refers to an integral over a 3-dimensional domain. ... In vector calculus, the divergence theorem, also known as Gauss theorem, Ostrogradskys theorem, or Ostrogradsky–Gauss theorem is a result that links the divergence of a vector field to the value of surface integrals of the flow defined by the field. ...

int !!! int !!! int_V nabla cdot mathbf{B} , dtau = oint !!! oint_{partial V} mathbf{B} cdot dmathbf{S}=0.

In other words, the magnetic flux through any closed surface must be zero; there are no "magnetic charges".


By way of contrast, Gauss's law for electric fields, another of Maxwell's equations, is In physics and mathematical analysis, Gausss law is the electrostatic application of the generalized Gausss theorem giving the equivalence relation between any flux, e. ... In electromagnetism, Maxwells equations are a set of equations first presented as a distinct group in the later half of the nineteenth century by James Clerk Maxwell. ...

nabla cdot mathbf{E} = {rho over epsilon_0},

where

E is the electric field,
ρ is the free electric charge density, (not including dipole charges bound in a material),
ε0 is the permittivity of free space.

Note that this indicates the presence of electric monopoles, that is, free positive or negative charges. It has been suggested that optical field be merged into this article or section. ... Permittivity is a physical quantity that describes how an electric field affects and is affected by a dielectric medium and is determined by the ability of a material to polarize in response to an applied electric field, and thereby to cancel, partially, the field inside the material. ...


The direction of the magnetic field vector mathbf{B} is by definition from the south to the north pole of a magnet (within the magnet). Outside of the magnet, the field lines will go from north to south.


A change of magnetic flux through a loop of conductive wire will cause an emf, and therefore an electric current, in the loop. The relationship is given by Faraday's law: Faradays law of induction (more generally, the law of electromagnetic induction) states that the induced emf (electromotive force) in a closed loop equals the negative of the time rate of change of magnetic flux through the loop. ...

mathcal{E} = oint mathbf{E} cdot dmathbf{s} = -{dPhi_m over dt}.

This is the principle behind an electrical generator. “Dynamo” redirects here. ...


See also

Electronics Portal
  • Magnetic field
  • Maxwell's equations (sometimes called the Maxwell equations) are the set of four equations, attributed to James Clerk Maxwell, that describe the behavior of both the electric and magnetic fields, as well as their interactions with matter.
  • Gauss's law gives the relation between the electric flux flowing out a closed surface and the electric charge enclosed in the surface.
  • Magnetic monopole is a hypothetical particle that may be loosely described as "a magnet with only one pole".
  • Magnetic flux quantum is the quantum of magnetic flux passing through a superconductor.
  • Karl Friedrich Gauss developed a fruitful collaboration with the physics professor Wilhelm Weber; it led to new knowledge in the field of magnetism.
  • James Clerk Maxwell demonstrated that electric and magnetic forces are two complementary aspects of electromagnetism.

Image File history File links Nuvola_apps_ksim. ... This template is misplaced. ... In electromagnetism, Maxwells equations are a set of equations first presented as a distinct group in the later half of the nineteenth century by James Clerk Maxwell. ... In physics and mathematical analysis, Gausss law is the electrostatic application of the generalized Gausss theorem giving the equivalence relation between any flux, e. ... In physics, a magnetic monopole is a hypothetical particle that may be loosely described as a magnet with only one pole (see electromagnetic theory for more on magnetic poles). ... The magnetic flux quantum Φ0 is the quantum of magnetic flux passing through a superconductor. ... Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss (Gauß) (April 30, 1777 - February 23, 1855) was a legendary German mathematician, astronomer and physicist with a very wide range of contributions; he is considered to be one of the greatest mathematicians of all time. ... James Clerk Maxwell (13 June 1831 – 5 November 1879) was a Scottish mathematician and theoretical physicist. ...

External articles

Patents
  • Vicci, U.S. Patent 6,720,855 , Magnetic-flux conduits

  Results from FactBites:
 
Magnetic flux - definition of Magnetic flux in Encyclopedia (247 words)
Magnetic flux, usually denoted by Greek letter Φ, is a measure of quantity of magnetism, taking account of the strength and the extent of a magnetic field.
The SI unit of magnetic flux is the weber.
The direction or vector of the magnetic flux is by definition from the south to the north pole of a magnet (within the magnet).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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