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Encyclopedia > Magnavox Odyssey
Image:Magnavox_odyssey_logo.gif
Magnavox Odyssey
Manufacturer Magnavox
Type Video game console
Generation First generation
First available United States May, 1972
1975
CPU None
Media Cartridge
Successor Magnavox Odyssey²

The Magnavox Odyssey was the world's first commercially sold video game console. It was released in May, 1972, predating the Atari Pong home consoles by roughly three and a half years. The Odyssey was designed by Ralph Baer, who had a working prototype finished by 1968. This prototype is affectionately known as the "Brown Box" to video game collectors. While many collecters consider the Odyssey analog rather than digital (because of the addition of analog circuitry for the output, game control, and the use of discrete components), Baer has said he considers the console to be digital.[1] The games and logic itself are implemented in DTL, a common pre-TTL digital design component using discrete transistors and diodes. Unlike any conventional console today, the system was powered by batteries. The Odyssey lacks sound capability, something that was corrected with the "Pong systems" of several years later, including Magnavox's own Odyssey-labled Pong consoles. Image File history File links Magnavox_odyssey_logo. ... This work is copyrighted. ... A console manufacturer is a company that manufactures and distributes video game consoles. ... The Atari 2600, Sony PSOne, Nintendo Gamecube, and Xbox 360 A video game console is an interactive entertainment computer. ... Home video-game systems became popular during the 1970s and 80s. ... This article deals with the history of the first generation video game consoles. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... Look up May in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan_(bordered). ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... CPU redirects here. ... In various types of electronic equipment, a cartridge can refer one method of adding different functionality or content (e. ... Magnavox Odyssey² video game console The Magnavox Odyssey², known in Europe as the Philips Videopac G7000, in Brazil as the Philips Odyssey, and also by many other names, is a video game console released in 1978. ... The Atari 2600, Sony PSOne, Nintendo Gamecube, and Xbox 360 A video game console is an interactive entertainment computer. ... Look up May in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Pong helped bring computerized video games into everyday life. ... Ralph H. Baer (born 1922) is a German-born American inventor, noted for his many contributions to games and the video game industry. ... Prototypes or prototypical instances combine the most representative attributes of a category. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... Namcos Pac-Man was a hit, and became a cultural phenomenon. ... A page from the Bombardiers Information File (BIF) that describes the components and controls of the Norden bombsight. ... A digital system is one that uses discrete numbers, especially binary numbers, or non-numeric symbols such as letters or icons, for input, processing, transmission, storage, or display, rather than a continuous spectrum of values (an analog system). ... Diode-transistor logic (DTL) is a class of digital circuits built from bipolar junction transistors (BJT), diodes and resistors; it is the direct ancestor of transistor-transistor logic. ... A Motorola 68000-based computer with various TTL chips. ... Outrun (1986) is an arcade game with an integral soundtrack. ... Pong helped bring computerized video games into everyday life. ...


The Odyssey uses a type of removable circuit card that inserts into a slot similar to a cartridge slot; these do not contain any components but have a series of jumpers between pins of the card connector. These jumpers interconnect different analog signal generators to produce the screen output. The system was sold with translucent plastic overlays that gamers could put on their TV screen to simulate color graphics, though only two TV sizes were supported*. Some of these overlays could even be used with the same cartridges, though with different rules for playing. It was also sold with plastic game tokens and score sheets to help keep score, much like traditional board games. Close-up photo of one side of a motherboard PCB, showing conductive traces, vias and solder points for through-hole components on the opposite side. ... In various types of electronic equipment, a cartridge can refer one method of adding different functionality or content (e. ... Braun HF 1, Germany, 1958 OT-1471 Belweder, Poland, 1957 Television is a telecommunication system for broadcasting and receiving moving pictures and sound over a distance. ... A board game is a game played with counters or pieces that are placed on, removed from, or moved across a board (a premarked surface, usually specific to that game). ...


The Odyssey was released in May 1972. Sales of the console were hurt by poor marketing by Magnavox retail stores. Many consumers were led to believe that the Odyssey would work only on Magnavox televisions. Magnavox won a court case against Nolan Bushnell for patent infringement in Bushnell's design of Pong, as it resembled the tennis game for the Odyssey. Look up May in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Magnavox (Latin for loud voice) is a consumer electronics company that is now part of Philips Consumer Electronics. ... In economics, consumers are individuals or households that consume goods and services generated within the economy. ... Nolan K. Bushnell (born February 5, 1943 in Clearfield, Utah) is an American electrical engineer and entrepreneur who founded both Atari, Inc. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Pong helped bring computerized video games into everyday life. ... A tennis net Tennis is a game played between either two players (singles) or two teams of two players (doubles). Players use a stringed racquet to strike a hollow rubber ball covered with felt over a net into the opponents court. ...


The Odyssey was also designed to support an add-on peripheral, the first-ever commercial "light gun" called the Shooting Gallery. This detected light from the TV screen, however pointing the gun at a nearby light bulb also registered as a "hit". A peripheral is a type of computer hardware that is added to a host computer in order to expand its abilities. ... A light gun is a pointing device for computers and a control device for arcade and video games. ... Shooting is the act of causing a gun to fire at a target. ...


Ralph Baer went on to invent the classic electronic game Simon for Mattel in 1978. Magnavox later released several other Pong-like consoles based on the name Odyssey (which did not use cartridges or game cards), and at one point a truly programmable, cartridge based console, the Odyssey², in 1978. Formally, a computer game is a game composed of a computer-controlled virtual universe that players may interact with in order to achieve a goal (or set of goals). ... A modern version of Simon. ... Mattel Inc. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... Pong helped bring computerized video games into everyday life. ... Magnavox Odyssey² video game console The Magnavox Odyssey², known in Europe as the Philips Videopac G7000, in Brazil as the Philips Odyssey, and also by many other names, is a video game console released in 1978. ...


Nintendo's first venture in the electronic gaming world was the distribution of the Magnavox Odyssey in Japan in 1975, before the company introduced its own consoles. Nintendo Company, Limited (任天堂 or ニンテンドー Nintendō; NASDAQ: NTDOY, TYO: 7974 usually referred to as simply Nintendo, or Big N ) is a multinational corporation founded on September 23, 1889[1] in Kyoto, Japan by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce handmade hanafuda cards. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ...


References

  • The story of the Magnavox Odyssey
  • Magnavox Odyssey FAQ

See also

v  d  e
Selected home game consoles
First generation
Magnavox OdysseyPongColeco Telstar
Early second generation
Channel FAtari 2600Odyssey²Intellivision
Later second generation
Atari 5200ColecoVisionVectrex • SG-1000
Third generation (compare)
NESMaster SystemAtari 7800
Fourth generation (compare)
TurboGrafx-16Mega Drive/GenesisNeo GeoSNES
Fifth generation (compare)
3DOJaguarSaturnPlayStationN64
Sixth generation (compare)
DreamcastPlayStation 2GameCubeXbox
Seventh generation (compare)
Xbox 360 - PlayStation 3 - Wii

This is a list of video game consoles by the era they appeared in. ... The first generation of video game consoles lasted from 1972 until 1979. ... Pong helped bring computerized video games into everyday life. ... The Telstar is a video game console produced by Coleco which first went on sale in 1976. ... This article deals with the history of the second generation video game consoles. ... The Fairchild Channel F is the worlds second cartridge-based video game console, after the Magnavox Odyssey. ... The Atari 2600, released in October 1977, was the first successful video game console to use plug-in cartridges instead of having one or more games built in. ... Magnavox Odyssey² video game console The Magnavox Odyssey², known in Europe as the Philips Videopac G7000, in Brazil as the Philips Odyssey, and also by many other names, is a video game console released in 1978. ... The Intellivision is a video game console released by Mattel in 1980; development of the console began in 1978 (less than a year after the introduction of its main competitor, the legendary Atari 2600). ... This article deals with the history of the second generation video game consoles. ... The Atari 5200 is a video game console introduced in 1982 by Atari. ... The ColecoVision was Coleco Industries second generation home video game console, released in August, 1982. ... The Vectrex is an 8-bit video game console developed by General Consumer Electric (GCE) and later bought by Milton Bradley Company. ... The SG-1000, which stands for Sega Game 1000, is a cartridge-based video game console manufactured by Sega. ... In the history of video games, the 8-bit era was the third generation of video game consoles, but the first after the video game crash of 1983 and considered by some to be the first modern era of console gaming. ... This is a comparison of the features of various third-generation videogame consoles. ... It has been suggested that NES Zapper be merged into this article or section. ... The Sega Master System (SMS for short) is an 8-bit cartridge-based gaming console that was manufactured by Sega. ... The Atari 7800 is a video game console released by Atari in 1986 (a test market occurred in June 1984). ... In the history of video games, the 16-bit era was the fourth generation of video game consoles. ... This is a comparison of the features of various fourth-generation videogame consoles. ... For information on the Japanese version of this console, see PC Engine The TurboGrafx 16 is a video game console released by NEC in 1989, for the North American market. ... The Sega Mega Drive ) was a 16-bit video game console released by Sega in Japan (1988), Europe (1990) and most of the rest of the world. ... Neo-Geo is the name of a cartridge-based arcade and home video game system released in 1990 by Japanese game company SNK. The system offered comparatively colorful 2D graphics and high-quality sound. ... The Super Nintendo Entertainment System, also known as Super Nintendo, Super NES or SNES, is a 16-bit video game console released by Nintendo in North America, Brazil, Europe, and Australia. ... In the history of computer and video games, the 32-bit / 64-bit era was the fifth generation of video game consoles. ... This is a comparison of the features of various fifth-generation videogame consoles. ... 3DO Interactive Multiplayer (most commonly referred to as the 3DO) was a line of video game consoles released in 1993 and 1994 by Panasonic, Sanyo and Goldstar, among other companies. ... The Atari Jaguar was a video game console introduced to the U.S. market in November 1993 against the Sega Genesis and the Super Nintendo Entertainment System as a powerful next generation platform. ... The Sega Saturn ) is a 32-bit video game console, first released on November 22, 1994 in Japan, May 11, 1995 in North America and July 8, 1995 in Europe. ... The Sony PlayStation ) is a video game console of the 32/64-bit era, first produced by Sony Computer Entertainment in the mid-1990s. ... The Nintendo 64 ) is Nintendos third home video game console for the international market. ... The sixth-generation era (sometimes referred to as the 128-bit era; see Number of bits below) refers to the computer and video games, video game consoles, and video game handhelds available at the turn of the 21st century. ... This is a comparison of the features of various sixth-generation videogame consoles. ... The Sega Dreamcast (Japanese: ドリームキャスト; code-named Dural and Katana during development) was Segas fifth and final video game console and the successor to the Sega Saturn. ... The PlayStation 2 (PS2) ) is Sonys second video game console, the successor to the PlayStation and the predecessor to the PlayStation 3. ... The Nintendo GameCube , GCN) is Nintendos fourth home video game console, belonging to the sixth generation era. ... Xbox is a sixth generation era video game console produced by Microsoft. ... The seventh generation is an era in the history of computer and video games that began November 21, 2004 with the release of the Nintendo DS. The console portion of the generation began with the release of the Microsoft Xbox 360 on November 22, 2005 and continued a year later... This is a comparison of the features of various seventh-generation videogame consoles. ... The Xbox 360 is the successor to Microsofts Xbox video game console, developed in cooperation with IBM, ATI, Samsung and SiS. Information on the console first came through viral marketing campaigns and it was officially unveiled on MTV on May 12, 2005, with detailed launch and game information divulged... The PlayStation 3 , trademarked PLAYSTATION 3,[6] unofficially abbreviated PS3) is Sonys seventh generation era video game console, third in the PlayStation series. ... The Wii (pronounced as the pronoun we, IPA: ) is Nintendos seventh-generation video game console. ... Shooting is the act of causing a gun to fire at a target. ...

External links

  • Magnavox Odyssey The online Odyssey museum
  • Ralph Baer's story of the development of the Odyssey
  • The Dot Eaters entry on the history of the Odyssey

 
 

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