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Encyclopedia > Magical girl
Sakura Kinomoto of Cardcaptor Sakura, a typical magical girl.
Sakura Kinomoto of Cardcaptor Sakura, a typical magical girl.

Magical girls (魔法 少女 mahō shōjo?) belong to a sub-genre of Japanese shōjo manga. Image File history File links Sakura4. ... Image File history File links Sakura4. ... Sakura Kinomoto in Cardcaptor Sakura Sakura Kinomoto ) is a fictional character, the heroine of Clamps anime and manga series Cardcaptor Sakura. ... Serialized in Nakayoshi Original run 1996 – 2000 No. ... Shōjo or shoujo (少女 lit. ... This article is about the comics published in East Asian countries. ...


Most famously, magical-girl stories feature young girls with superhuman abilities who are forced to fight evil and protect the Earth, and generally possess a secret identity,[1] although it can just refer to young girls who follow a plotline involving magic and a transformation (such as Full Moon wo Sagashite). Magical girls are also known in Japan as majokko (魔女っ子?), literally "witch girl", though this term is generally not used to refer to modern magical girl anime. Most consider Sally, the Witch (Mahoutsukai Sally) in 1966 to be the first mahō shōjo anime.[1] In religion evil refers to anything against the will or law of the god(s). ... This article is about Earth as a planet. ... For other uses of this term, please see Secret identity (disambiguation). ... Full Moon, known in Japan as Full Moon o Sagashite (Searching for the Full Moon), is a Japanese manga and anime series by Arina Tanemura. ... Sally, the Witch, also known as Magical Witch Sally ) is an early magical girl (mahō shōjo) anime in Japan (although it isnt the kind about a transforming one, e. ...


Magical boys are much rarer, but easily identifiable as they are designed among similar lines (eg. D.N.Angel). A magical girl should not be confused with a catgirl or a magical girlfriend. Sometimes, the catgirl and magical girl character types cross over; the magical girl may have cat ears and tail as part of her costume or a catgirl could have some form of magical powers. Examples of these include Tokyo Mew Mew and Hyper Police. A magical girl and a magical girlfriend typically differ in that the magical girlfriend is not the protagonist, and she is paired with a dorky boyfriend and usually only uses her powers to assist him. The magical girl is usually the protagonist and if she is paired at all, she usually gets a cool boyfriend. Magical boy or Mahō shōnen (魔法少年, Japanese for magical boy) is used to refer to anime and manga that have magical boys in them. ... D•N•Angel is a manga by Yukiru Sugisaki ) which was later adapted into an anime and a PS2 game, subtitled Crimson Wings. Yukiru Sugisakis wildly popular D•N•Angel manga began its manga run in Japan in Asuka Magazine in 1997 and inspired a hit 26-episode anime... Felicia A catgirl is a female with cat ears, a cat tail, or other feline characteristics on an otherwise human-shaped body. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... This article is under construction. ... Hyper Police ) is the name of a manga and anime series created by Minoru Tachikawa under the pseudonym MEE. For many years, the only western language to have translations of the Hyper Police manga was Spanish. ...

Contents

General types of "magical girls"

  • A magical being, such as a witch or an angel, attempting to function in a mundane world. (eg. Sally Yumeno of Sally, the Witch; Meg Kanzaki of Majokko Megu-chan, Misha and Shia of Pita Ten, and Doremi Harukaze of Ojamajo Doremi ).
  • A mundane girl given power by a magical figure without the baggage of combat. One famous generic power is for the character to turn into an older version of herself (for example, a pop idol singer) and enjoy some of the freedom from awkward youth, which the audience identifies with. (eg. Fancy Lala, Creamy Mami, Akko-chan)
  • A mundane girl given power, or had her own already-existing power awakened, in order to fight malevolent forces (e.g. Sailor Moon; Kisaragi Honey from Cutie Honey). Although they are latecomers to anime and manga compared to the previous two,[2] this is the most famous type and has become the de facto definition of a magical girl, especially in the English-speaking world, where Sailor Moon was the first magical girl to achieve widespread popularity.

The Archangel Michael by Guido Reni wears a late Roman military outfit in this 17th century depiction An angel is a supernatural being found in many religions. ... Sally, the Witch, also known as Magical Witch Sally ) is an early magical girl (mahō shōjo) anime in Japan (although it isnt the kind about a transforming one, e. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Pita-Ten is a manga that was written by Koge-Donbo, and was adapted into an anime by Akemi Menda and Yasuko Kobayashi that aired on TV Tokyo. ... Ojamajo Doremi (おジャ魔女どれみ) is a magical girl anime series that has obtained wide popularity among young girls in Japan. ... Fancy Lala (Mahō no Stage Fancy Lala (魔法のステージ・ファンシーララ)) is a mahō shōjo (magical girl) anime series produced by Studio Pierrot, which originally aired April 4 - September 27, 1998. ... Magical Angel Creamy Mami ) is an anime television series from the 1980s that also had OVA adaptions. ... Himistu no Akko-chan Himistu no Akko-chan(ひみつのアッコちゃん) which translastes into english as (The) Secrets of Akko-chan or Akko-chans Secret and is sometimes referred to as simply Akko-chan is a magical girl manga and anime that ran in Japan during the 1960s. ... Sailor Moon , officially translated as Pretty Soldier Sailor Moon) is the title of a famous media franchise created by Japanese manga artist Naoko Takeuchi. ... Cutie Honey ) (also spelled Cutey Honey) is a Japanese media franchise created by Go Nagai. ...

Genre history

The Japanese dub of the American TV series Bewitched was most popular among young girls in the 1960s. This was in the formative years of Japanese animation as a genre, and animators wanted to create a series aimed at young girls; since Bewitched was popular with them, animators decided to make a series about a witch. This witch would not be a "witch" in the usual American sense of the word (ie. a haggard, cackling old woman who used her magic for evil purposes), but a "witch" of the same vein as Bewitched's Samantha: a "witch" who looked just like a normal person and used her magic for everyday tasks and for the good of others around her. This inspired Mitsuteru Yokoyama, best known in the US as the creator of Tetsujin 28-go (Gigantor), to create Sally, the Witch,[3] and the result was one of the most popular and longest-running animation series in Japanese history. This article is about an American television sitcom. ... Mitsuteru Yokoyama (横山 光輝; Yokoyama Mitsuteru) (June 18, 1934 Kobe, Japan - April 15, 2004 Tokyo, Japan) was a famous Japanese mangaka or comic artist. ... Gigantor (originally Tetsujin-nijūhachi-gō 鉄人28号, literally Iron Man #28) was a manga by Mitsuteru Yokoyama published in 1958 which was later made into several anime series, the first in 1963. ... Sally, the Witch, also known as Magical Witch Sally ) is an early magical girl (mahō shōjo) anime in Japan (although it isnt the kind about a transforming one, e. ...


Common themes and features

Magical girls generally obtain their powers from some sort of enchanted object such as a pendant, a wand, or a ribbon. By concentrating on this object, in addition to speaking a special phrase or command in some cases, a girl undergoes an intricate transformation sequence and changes to her fully powered form. A major theme of magical-girl stories is learning to harness these powers and develop them fully. Teams of magical girls often learn to combine their powers to perform massive, super-charged attacks. Powers or no powers, though, magical girls are rarely pushovers even in mundane form, as they tend to learn ordinary acrobatics, martial arts, or other offensive and/or defensive actions, to supplement their supernatural talents. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Henshin ) is the Japanese phrase for transformation. It is also a visual sequence for transformation prevalent in Japanese media, in both tokusatsu and anime. ... High wire act Acrobatics (from Greek Akros, high and bat, walking) is one of the performing arts, and is also practiced as a sport. ... Hawaiian State Grappling Championships. ...


Magical girls are not alone in their adventures. They occasionally receive the help of mysterious, magical boys. These boys sometimes disdain their female counterparts, but other times, they show romantic interest in one of the girls (or vice-versa). Another common ally is some sort of talking animal sidekick with magical powers of its own. These pets rarely participate in combat; instead, they offer advice and help train the girls in the use of their abilities. WPA poster by Kenneth Whitley, 1939 The talking animal or speaking animal term, in general, refers to any form of animal which can talk or conduct speech. ...


Magical girls' powers are usually ill-defined. While it is clear that their powers have a source behind them, the extent and exact nature of their powers are usually not known or left unclear. Thus, it is not uncommon for a magical girl to summon extraordinary new magical powers that she was previously not capable of in the last moments of an epic battle (typically to save her friends or the planet), and which serves as a deus ex machina to resolve the major conflict in a climactic fashion. Therefore, it differs from shounen in that shounen tends to specifically state what a hero's powers are and what the extent of those powers can be, whereas mahō shōjo tends to leave these factors ambiguous, and instead allows her powers to be more free-flowing and open to change based on the situation. // The phrase deus ex machina (literally god out of a machine) describes an unexpected, artificial, or improbable character, device, or event introduced suddenly in a work of fiction or drama to resolve a situation or untangle a plot (e. ... Shōnen (少年), commonly spelled shounen, is a Japanese word usually translated as young boy, although it is commonly used to refer to males of up to high-school age as well. ...


Much of the magical girls' time is spent trying to keep their powers and their mundane identities secret. The reasons for this vary; perhaps they wish to keep their friends and family hidden from their enemies, or maybe they enjoy the thrill and the freedom their secret identities grant them — traditional Japanese ideals of womanhood have little to do with running around fighting evil in usually skimpy outfits. Other times, magical girls may simply be too embarrassed, or sometimes even outright forbidden, to let their friends and family know about their secret powers; perhaps it is their fault that the evil they fight escaped into the world in the first place, or maybe they don't want anyone to see them in their costumes (or uniforms if they are part of a larger team). However, despite their best attempts to keep their normal and supernatural lives separate, strange events tend to occur to magical girls in mundane life with alarming regularity, forcing them to transform and fight. For other uses of this term, please see Secret identity (disambiguation). ... Mohandas K. Gandhi - Freedom can be achieved through inner sovereignty. ... In religion evil refers to anything against the will or law of the god(s). ...


Magical girl stories tend to be upbeat and cheerful. The characters fight for idealistic causes such as love, peace, hope, and beauty — never for revenge. By forming teams, the heroines learn the values of friendship and co-operation. Even the magical girls' enemies leave them alone most of the time; the girls are the ones who pursue the enemies and attempt to thwart their plans. The genre may seem silly at first glance, but it can be intriguing due to the contrasts and conflicts the magical girls represent, caught up as they are between the masculine and feminine, childish and mature, helpless and powerful. Love is any of a number of emotions and experiences related to a sense of strong affection or profound oneness. ... A peace dove, widely known as a symbol for peace, featuring an olive branch in the doves beak. ... [[Image:Spes or Hope. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Guðrún agitates her sons, Hamðir and Sörli, to avenge their sister. ... Friendship is a term used to denote co-operative and supportive behavior between two or more humans. ... Co-operation refers to the practice of people or greater entities working in common with commonly agreed-upon goals and possibly methods, instead of working separately in competition. ...


Mahō Shōjo in Japan

Until the appearance of Sailor Moon, the original term mahō shōjo in Japan referred exclusively to girls who did not transform themselves and used magic for acts of mercy and succor rather than heroism against evil (for example, Mako of Mahō no Mako-chan, one of the earliest examples of the genre). There were also magical girl series such as Himitsu no Akko-chan and Fushigi na Merumo in which the heroines were given the power to transform themselves into whatever they wished, not for the sake of fighting evil, but for the sake of adventure. However, the term is generally used in the West to refer only to evil-fighting magical girls, though this term is still predominantly used for the former case in Japan. Mahoutsukai Sally (aka Sally, the Witch) and Mahō no Princess Minky Momo (aka Magical Princess Gigi) are hardly known in the United States (although both series were successful in Europe and the latter was released in the US in a feature-length dub), though they are typical works of past mahō shōjo in Japan. Himistu no Akko-chan Himistu no Akko-chan(ひみつのアッコちゃん) which translastes into english as (The) Secrets of Akko-chan or Akko-chans Secret and is sometimes referred to as simply Akko-chan is a magical girl manga and anime that ran in Japan during the 1960s. ... Marvelous Melmo ) is a magical girl manga and anime by Osamu Tezuka. ... Sally, the Witch, also known as Magical Witch Sally ) is an early magical girl (mahō shōjo) anime in Japan (although it isnt the kind about a transforming one, e. ... It has been suggested that Magical Princess Minky Momo be merged into this article or section. ...


An example of a series that transcended these two cases was Akazukin Chacha, which was a Japanese mahō shōjo manga that portrayed adventures of the protagonist Chacha and her friends. When it was adapted to anime, Chacha became a "Magical Princess" in order to battle with villains. Another is Majokko Megu-chan (Toei, 1974-75), in which the heroine, Megu, uses her magic not only to fight villains but also in dealing with everyday situations (such as in teaching her younger brother to swim). Akazukin Chacha (or Red Riding Hood Chacha, 赤ずきんチャチャ) is a manga series created by Min Ayahana in 1991, which was serialized by Shueisha in Ribon Magazine in Japan between 1991 and 2000. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


List of magical girl anime and manga

Famous examples

The best-known magical girls in the western world are the Sailor Senshi (Sailor Scouts/Sailor Soldiers in the English dubs) of Sailor Moon, although that series also incorporated sentai elements (a team of warriors rather than one) that helped redefine the magical girl concept.[2][4] Cardcaptor Sakura, meanwhile, is closer to the original concept. The Sailor Team and Chibichibi. ... Sailor Moon , officially translated as Pretty Soldier Sailor Moon) is the title of a famous media franchise created by Japanese manga artist Naoko Takeuchi. ... Sentai is a Japanese word which roughly translates to task force. It is often use to refer to a specific type of fictional story, which stars a specially organized group of heroes; good examples of Sentai is the various Super Sentai live-action Japanese television programs which the American Power... Serialized in Nakayoshi Original run 1996 – 2000 No. ...

Akazukin Chacha (or Red Riding Hood Chacha, 赤ずきんチャチャ) is a manga series created by Min Ayahana in 1991, which was serialized by Shueisha in Ribon Magazine in Japan between 1991 and 2000. ... Alice 19th (ありす19th; Arisu NaintÄ«nsu) is a manga written by YÅ« Watase, creator of the popular manga series Ceres: Celestial Legend and Fushigi YÅ«gi, all three of which were serialized in the weekly manga magazine Shōjo Comic. ... Serialized in Nakayoshi Original run 1996 – 2000 No. ... Corrector Yui is a magical girl anime and manga, it was created by Kia Asamiya and written and drawn by Keiko Okamoto. ... Cutey Honey or Cutie Honey ) is a widely known anime and manga series created by Go Nagai in 1973. ... Demashita! Powerpuff Girls Z , roughly Theyre Here! Powerpuff Girls Z) is the name for a Japanese television anime based upon the American animated television series The Powerpuff Girls. ... Devil Hunter Yohko ) is an anime series created by Madhouse, produced by Toho (the company famous for the Godzilla franchise), and published in North America by ADV Films. ... Fancy Lala (Mahō no Stage Fancy Lala (魔法のステージ・ファンシーララ)) is a mahō shōjo (magical girl) anime series produced by Studio Pierrot, which originally aired April 4 - September 27, 1998. ... Full Moon, known in Japan as Full Moon o Sagashite (Searching for the Full Moon), is a Japanese manga and anime series by Arina Tanemura. ... Twin Princesses of the Wonder Planet ) is a Japanese magical girl anime series about twin princesses adventures set in Fushigi-boshi, a mysterious planet that is like a hollow earth. ... Marvelous Melmo ) is a magical girl manga and anime by Osamu Tezuka. ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Hime-chans Ribbon (姫ちゃんのリボン / Hime-chan no Ribon) is a magical girl manga series created by Megumi Mizusawa that was serialized in Ribon Magazine from August 1990 to January 1994. ... Himistu no Akko-chan Himistu no Akko-chan(ひみつのアッコちゃん) which translastes into english as (The) Secrets of Akko-chan or Akko-chans Secret and is sometimes referred to as simply Akko-chan is a magical girl manga and anime that ran in Japan during the 1960s. ... Serialized in Nakayoshi Yatta! Original run January 2003 – 2006 No. ... Serialized in Ribon Magazine Original run February 1998 – July 2000 No. ... Pretty Blossoms Kiset-suteki Hana (カードキャプターさくら Kisetsuteki Hana), also known as Pretty Blossoms, Kiset-Suteki, or K-Hana and often abbreviated as KSH, is a manga series by Sakura Yamamoto. ... Nurse Angel Ririka SOS, or Nurse Angel for short, is a magical girl series. ... It has been suggested that Pillar System be merged into this article or section. ... Pretty Sammy is an anime based on the magically transformed version of the Sasami character from the various Tenchi Muyo! series. ... Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha ) is a thirteen episode spin-off of the Triangle Heart series of games and OVAs that aired between October and December of 2004. ... Magical Princess Minky Momo ), also known as Magical Princess Gigi or Gigi (France), is the title of two different magical-girl anime. ... Magical Angel Creamy Mami ) is a magical girl anime series by Studio Pierrot from 1983. ... Magical Fairy Persia ) is a magical girl anime series by Studio Pierrot from 1984. ... Sally, the Witch (Mahoutsukai Sally) in 1966 Sally, the Witch, also known as Magical Witch Sally, and known in Japan as Mahōtsukai Sally (魔法使いサリー) is the first magical girl (mahō shōjo) anime and manga in Japan, and thus the... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Majokko Tickle (Majokko Chikkuru), also known as Magical Girl Tickle or Magical Girl Chickle, is a 1970s magical girl manga and anime by Go Nagai. ... Mermaid Melody Pichi Pichi Pitch ) is a shōjo manga and anime series created by Michiko Yokote ) with artwork by Pink Hanamori ). The manga was originally published in the monthly shōjo manga anthology Nakayoshi. ... Ojamajo Doremi (おジャ魔女どれみ) is a magical girl anime series that has obtained wide popularity among young girls in Japan. ... Petite Princess Yucie ) is an anime series, which was produced by Gainax, aired from 2002 to 2003, and ran for 26 episodes. ... Futari wa Pretty Cure (ふたりはプリキュア) (often shorted simply to Pretty Cure or PreCure) is a magical girl anime series, currently one of the most famous, running in Japan. ... Princess Tutu ) is an anime TV-series based on and around ballet and the art of storytelling and fairy tales, particularly those of a Germanic origin. ... Like Excel Saga, the Japanese anime serial Puni Puni Poemi (Japanese:ぷにぷに☆ぽえみぃ) is a wacky satirical parody. ... Sailor Moon , officially translated as Pretty Soldier Sailor Moon) is the title of a famous media franchise created by Japanese manga artist Naoko Takeuchi. ... Saint Tail, known in Japan as Kaitō Saint Tail ), is a magical girl manga and anime series. ... Sarutobi Ecchan ) was a magical girl manga series by Shotaro Ishinomori. ... Serialized in Nakayoshi Original run August 2003 – April 2007 No. ... Super Pig/Tonde Buurin Super Pig or Ai to Yuuki no Pig Girl Tonde Buurin (愛と勇気のピッグガール とんでぶーりん, The Pig Girl of Love and Courage Tonde Buurin) as the original Japanese version is known is an magical girl anime and manga to some extent it is a parody of the genre. ... This article is under construction. ... Serialized in Ribon Original run February, 2002 – January, 2004 No. ... Wedding Peach , lit. ... Prétear is an anime and manga series. ... Yes! PreCure 5 ), or Yes! Pretty Cure 5 is currently in production in Japan by Toei Animation as the fourth Pretty Cure series (the 5 in the title refers to the fact that this Pretty Cure team has 5 members). ...

References

  1. ^ a b Patrick Drazen, Anime Explosion!: The What? Why? & Wow! of Japanese Animation, p 123, ISBN 1-880656-72-8
  2. ^ a b Ross, Christina. Sailor Moon. THEM Anime Reviews 4.0. Retrieved on 2007-02-16.
  3. ^ Boren, James (September, 2003). "The Making of a Magical Girl". Animerica 11 (9): 31. Retrieved on 2007-01-26. 
  4. ^ McCarter, Charles. Public Interview with Takeuchi Naoko (Q & A Interview). EX:CLUSIVE. www.ex.org. Retrieved on 2006-11-30.

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