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Encyclopedia > Magdeburg
Magdeburg
View of Magdeburg and cathedral, from the tower of the Johanniskirche
Coat of arms of Magdeburg
Coordinates: 52° 8′ N, 11° 37′ E
Time zone: CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Administration
Country: Germany
State: Saxony-Anhalt
District: Urban district
City subdivisions: 40 borroughs
Lord Mayor: Lutz Trümper (SPD)
Basic Statistics
Area: 200.95 km² (78 sq.mi.)
Population: 229,980 (30 Nov. 2006)
 - Density: 1,144 /km² (2,964 /sq.mi.)
Elevation: 43 m  (141 ft)
Further Information
Postal codes: 39104-39130
Area code: 0391
Licence plate code: MD
Website: www.magdeburg.de
Magdeburg's center has numerous Stalinist neo-classicist buildings.
Magdeburg's center has numerous Stalinist neo-classicist buildings.

Magdeburg, the capital city of the Bundesland of Sachsen-Anhalt, Germany, lies on the Elbe river and was one of the most important medieval cities of Europe. Emperor Otto I lived during most of his reign in the town and was buried in the cathedral after his death. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Magdeburg may refer to: Magdeburg (Germany), the capital city of Saxony-Anhalt Cathedral of Magdeburg, a German Gothic cathedral Magdeburg (region), a German region Magdeburg Centuries, an ecclesiastical history Sack of Magdeburg, a siege in the Thirty Years War Magdeburg rights, a set of German town laws Magdeburg Water... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 141 KB) View of Magdeburg, Germany, from the tower of the Johanniskirche, showing the Cathedral of Magdeburg Picture taken by me -- Chris 73 Talk File links The following pages link to this file: Magdeburg Cathedral of Magdeburg Category talk:Geography... View of Magdeburg with the cathedral on the right. ... Image File history File links Wappen_Magdeburg. ... Image File history File links Karte_Deutschland. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Time zones of Europe: Pale colours indicate countries without daylight saving Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... This is an alphabetical list of countries of the world, including independent states (both those that are internationally recognised and generally unrecognised), inhabited dependent territories and areas of special sovereignty. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... With an area of 20,447 km² and a population of 2. ... There are 439 German districts (Kreise), administrative units in Germany. ... This is a list of urban districts in Germany. ... Councillor Patrick (Pat) John Stannard, Lord Mayor of Oxford (2004). ... SPD redirects here. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... German Postleitzahl map of the first two digits Postal codes in Germany, known as Postleitzahl (pl. ... see also Telephone numbering plan of Germany for further codes including service numbers, cell phones etc. ... German car number plates (Kfz-Kennzeichen) show the place where the car carrying them is registered. ... A website (or Web site) is a collection of web pages, images, videos and other digital assets and hosted on a particular domain or subdomain on the World Wide Web. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 1522 KB) Summary Neo-classicism in central Magdeburg. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 1522 KB) Summary Neo-classicism in central Magdeburg. ... Iosif (usually anglicized as Joseph) Vissarionovich Stalin (Russian: Иосиф Виссарионович Сталин), original name Ioseb Jughashvili (Georgian: იოსებ ჯუღაშვი&#4314... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... With an area of 20,447 km² and a population of 2. ... This article is about a river in Central Europe. ... Emperor Otto I Otto I the Great (November 23, 912 - May 7, 973), son of Henry I the Fowler, king of the Germans, and Matilda of Ringelheim, was Duke of Saxony, King of the Germans and arguably the first Holy Roman Emperor. ...

Contents

History

Although settlement on the site had existed for centuries, the city is first mentioned in the Diedenhof Capitulary as Magadoburg, dating to 805 AD, by which the emperor Charlemagne he secured the small fishing and trading town. In 919 King Henry I the Fowler fortified it against the Magyars and Slavs. In 929 the city went to Edward the Elder's daughter Edith (Editha, Eadgyth) through her marriage with Henry's son Otto I, as a Morgengabe - a Germanic customary gift received by the new bride from the groom and his family after the wedding night. Editha had a particular love for the town and often lived there, and was buried in the abbey church crypt at her death. In 937 it was the seat of a royal assembly; the emperor also continually returned to it: he granted to the Benedictine abbey of Saint Maurice (later the cathedral) the secular tithes payable by Slavs taking refuge in three other fortresses and transferred to this his favourite foundation the bannus and the castlework services owed by the inhabitants of the surrounding countryside, which were his by imperial right. Later he was also buried in the cathedral. Events Emperor Nicephorus I of Byzantium suffers a major defeat against the Saracens at Crasus. ... A portrait of Charlemagne by Albrecht Dürer that was painted several centuries after Charlemagnes death. ... Events King Edward I of England conquers Bedford. ... Henry I, the Fowler (German, Heinrich der Vogler) (876 - July 2, 936), was duke of Saxony from 912 and king of the Germans from 919 until his death in 936. ... Hungarians (Hungarian: ) or Magyars[5] are an ethnic group primarily associated with Hungary. ... Distribution of Slavic people by language The Slavic peoples (Greek: , Latin: , Arabic: ‎ Saqaliba, Old Church Slavonic: , Russian: , Polish: , Serbian: ), Croatian: , Bulgarian: ) are a linguistic and ethnic branch of Indo-European peoples, living mainly in Europe, where they constitute roughly a third of the population. ... Events Emir Abd-ar-rahman III of Cordoba declares himself caliph. ... Edward the Elder or Eadweard I (c. ... Eadgyth or Edith (910 - 26 January 946)was the daughter of Edward the Elder, King of England and Elfleda. ... Emperor Otto I Otto I the Great (November 23, 912 - May 7, 973), son of Henry I the Fowler, king of the Germans, and Matilda of Ringelheim, was Duke of Saxony, King of the Germans and arguably the first Holy Roman Emperor. ... The morgengab was a Germanic tradition, analogous to the dowry, in which the family of the groom paid an amount to that of the bride. ... Events Athelstan wins the Battle of Brunanburh September 21 - Magdeburg is now the capital of the Holy Roman Empire, after a Diet held by Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor Births Duke William IV of Aquitaine (d. ... A Benedictine is a person who follows the Rule of St Benedict. ... Saint-Maurice may refer to: Saint-Maurice, a former federal electoral district represented in the Canadian House of Commons, and located in the province of Quebec Saint-Maurice, VS (Roman Agaunum) is a commune and a district in the Valais, Switzerland. ...


The Archbishopric of Magdeburg was founded in 968 at the synod of Ravenna, Adalbert of Magdeburg receiving consecration as its first archbishop. It included the bishoprics of Havelberg, Brandenburg, Merseburg, Meissen, and Zeitz-Naumburg. The archbishops played a preeminent role in the task of German colonization of the Slavic lands east of the Elbe river. The Archbishopric of Magdeburg was a state of the Holy Roman Empire lying around Magdeburg along the Elbe River. ... Events Births Emperor Kazan of Japan Ethelred II of England Romanus Argyrus, later Romanus III of the Eastern Roman Empire. ... A synod (also known as a council) is a council of a church, usually a Christian church, convened to decide an issue of doctrine, administration or application. ... Ravenna is a city and commune in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy. ... Adalbert of Magdeburg ( d. ... Havelberg is a town in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. ...   (Lower Sorbian: Bramborska; Upper Sorbian: Braniborska) is one of Germanys sixteen Bundesländer (federal states). ... Merseburg is a city in the south of the German state of Saxony-Anhalt. ... Old town of Meißen. ... Zeitz is an old town in the south of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany, is situated on the river Weiße Elster in the middle of the triangle of the federal states Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia and Saxony. ... This article is about the town in Saxony-Anhalt; for Naumburg in Hesse, see Naumburg, Hesse. ... This article is about a river in Central Europe. ...


In 1035 Magdeburg received a patent giving the city the right to hold trade exhibits and conventions, the basis of the later family of city laws known as Magdeburg rights. Many visitors from many countries begin to trade in Magdeburg. In 1118 a fire almost destroyed it. Events Harthacanute becomes king of Denmark. ... The Magdeburg Rights (or Magdeburg law) were a set of city laws regulating the degree of internal autonomy within cities and villages granted with it by a local ruler. ... Events Knights Templar founded Baldwin of Le Bourg succeeds his cousin Baldwin I as king of Jerusalem John II Comnenus succeeds Alexius I as Byzantine emperor Gelasius II succeeds Paschal II as pope Births November 28 - Manuel I Comnenus, Byzantine Emperor (died 1180) Andronicus I Comnenus, Byzantine Emperor (died 1185...

Magdeburger Reiter.
Magdeburger Reiter.

In the 13th century Magdeburg became a member of the Hanseatic League. Together with Brussels, Antwerp, Cologne, Nuremberg, Lübeck, Padua, Mantua, Cremona, Verona, Piacenza, Milan, Genoa, Florence, Metz and Strasbourg, Magdeburg was one of the cities with more than 20,000 inhabitants in the Holy Roman Empire. The town had an active maritime commerce on the west (towards Flanders), with the countries of the Baltic Sea, and maintained traffic and communication with the interior (for example Brunswick). The city had an autonomous administration form, known as Magdeburger Recht (Magdeburg Right), that later was adopted by many cities of Eastern Europe. The citizens are constantly in struggle against the archbishop, becoming nearly independent from him by the end of the 15th century. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (620x1240, 67 KB) Beschreibung: Magdeburger Reiter auf dem Alten Markt in Magdeburg Quelle: selbst fotografiert Fotograf/Zeichner: Doris Antony, Berlin Datum der Aufnahme: 14. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (620x1240, 67 KB) Beschreibung: Magdeburger Reiter auf dem Alten Markt in Magdeburg Quelle: selbst fotografiert Fotograf/Zeichner: Doris Antony, Berlin Datum der Aufnahme: 14. ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... Carta marina of the Baltic Sea region (1539). ... Nickname: The Capital Of Europe, Comic City City of a 100 Museums[] Map showing the location of Brussels in Belgium Coordinates: Country Belgium Region Brussels-Capital Region Founded 979 Founded (Region) June 18, 1989  - Mayor (Municipality) Freddy Thielemans Area    - City 162 (Region) km²  (62. ... For other uses, see Antwerp (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Cologne (disambiguation). ... Nuremberg (German: Nürnberg, Polish: Norymberga) is a city in the German state of Bavaria, in the administrative region of Middle Franconia. ... The title of this article contains the character ü. Where it is unavailable or not desired, the name may be represented as Luebeck. ... Tronco Maestro Riviera: a pedestrian walk along a section of the inland waterway or naviglio interno of Padua. ... Mantua (in Italian Mantova, in the local dialect of Emiliano-Romagnolo language Mantua) is an important city in Lombardy, Italy and capital of the province with the same name. ... Cremona is a city in Northern Italy, situated in Lombardy, on the left shore of the Po river in the middle of the Pianura padana (Po valley). ... Verona is an ancient town, episcopal see, and province in Veneto, Northern Italy. ... Piacenza (Placentia in Latin and old-fashioned English, Piasëinsa in the local dialect of Emiliano-Romagnolo) is a city in the Emilia-Romagna region of northern Italy. ... Milan (Italian: ; Lombard: Milán (listen)) is one of the biggest cities in Italy, located in the plains of Lombardy. ... Genoa (Genova in Italian - Zena in Genoese) is a city and a seaport in northern Italy, the capital of the Province of Genoa and of the region of Liguria. ... Florence (Italian: ) is the capital city of the region of Tuscany, Italy. ... For other uses of Metz, see Metz (disambiguation) City motto: Si paix dedans, paix dehors (French: If peace inside, peace outside) City proper (commune) Région Lorraine Département Moselle (57) Mayor Jean-Marie Rausch Area 41. ... City flag City coat of arms Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country France Region Alsace Department Bas-Rhin (67) Intercommunality Urban Community of Strasbourg Mayor Fabienne Keller  (UMP) City Statistics Land area¹ 78. ... The extent of the Holy Roman Empire in c. ... Flanders (Dutch: ) has several main meanings: the social, cultural and linguistical, scientific and educational, economical and political community of the Flemings; generally called the Flemish community (others refer to this as the Flemish nation) which is, with over 6 million inhabitants, the majority of all Belgians; the constituent governing institution... The Baltic Sea is located in Northern Europe, from 53°N to 66°N latitude and from 20°E to 26°E longitude. ... Coordinates: Time zone: CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country: Germany State: Lower Saxony District: Urban district City subdivisions: 20 Boroughs Lord Mayor: Gert Hoffmann (CDU) Governing parties: CDU / FDP Basic Statistics Area: 192. ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ...


In 1524 Martin Luther was called to Magdeburg, where he preached and caused the city's defection from Catholicism. The Reformation had found speedy adherents in the city, where Luther had been a schoolboy. Emperor Charles V repeatedly outlawed the unruly town, which had joined the Alliance of Torgau and the Schmalkaldic League. Because it had not accepted the "Interim" (1548), the city, by the emperor's commands, was besieged (1550-1551) by the Elector Maurice of Saxony, but retained its independence. The rule of the Archbishop was replaced by that of various administrators, taken from Protestant dynasties. In the following years Magdeburg gained a reputation as a stronghold of Protestantism and becomes the first major city to publish the writings of Martin Luther. Matthias Flacius and his companions write their anti-Catholic pamphlets and the Magdeburg Centuries, in which they argued that the Roman Catholic Church had become the kingdom of Anti-Christ. Events March 1, 1524/5 - Giovanni da Verrazano lands near Cape Fear (approx. ... Martin Luther (November 10, 1483 – February 18, 1546) was a German monk,[1] priest, professor, theologian, and church reformer. ... Charles V (24 February 1500 - 21 September 1558) was ruler of the Burgundian territories (1506-1555), King of Spain (1516-1556), King of Naples and Sicily (1516-1554), Archduke of Austria (1519-1521), King of the Romans (or German King), (1519-1556 but did not formally abdicate until 1558) and... The Schmalkaldic League was a defensive league of Protestant princes in the Holy Roman Empire in the mid-16th century. ... Events Mary I of Scotland sent to France Births September 2 - Vincenzo Scamozzi, Italian architect (died 1616) September 29 - William V, Duke of Bavaria (died 1626) Francesco Andreini, Italian actor (died 1624) Giordano Bruno, Italian philosopher, astronomer, and occultist (burned at the stake) 1600 (died 1600) Honda Tadakatsu, Japanese general... Maurice of Saxony, born March 21, 1521, Freiberg, Saxony, died July 9, 1553, Sievershausen, Saxony Moritz von Sachsen Duke (1541–53) and later elector (1547–53) of Saxony, whose clever manipulation of alliances and disputes gained the Albertine branch of the Wettin dynasty extensive lands and the electoral... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Martin Luther (November 10, 1483 – February 18, 1546) was a German monk,[1] priest, professor, theologian, and church reformer. ... Matthias Flacius taught a strong view of what later theologians would call total depravity. ... The Magdeburg Centuries is a celebrated ecclesiastical history, divided into thirteen centuries, covering thirteen hundred years, ending in 1298; it was first published from 1559 to 1574. ... The Roman Catholic Church or Catholic Church (see terminology below) is the Christian Church in full communion with the Bishop of Rome, currently Pope Benedict XVI. It traces its origins to the original Christian community founded by Jesus Christ and led by the Twelve Apostles, in particular Saint Peter. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Antichrist. ...


In 1631, during the Thirty Years' War, imperial troops stormed the city and commit a massacre, killing about 20,000 inhabitants and burning the town in the sack of Magdeburg. The city had withstood a first siege in 1629 by Albrecht von Wallenstein. After the war only a population of 400 remained (see Sack of Magdeburg). According to the Peace of Westphalia (1648), Madgeburg was assigned to Brandenburg-Prussia after the death of the current administrator (a Saxon prince), as a semi-autonomous Duchy of Magdeburg. This occurred in 1680. // Events February 5 - Roger Williams emigrates to Boston. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The extent of the Holy Roman Empire in c. ... During the Thirty Years War the city of Magdeburg was besieged by the Holy Roman Empires Imperial Army from November 1630 to 20 May 1631 in the Sack of Magdeburg. ... Events March 4 - Massachusetts Bay Colony is granted a Royal charter. ... Albrecht von Wallenstein Albrecht Wenzel Eusebius von Wallenstein (also Waldstein, Czech: Albrecht Václav Eusebius z Valdštejna), September 24, 1583 – February 25, 1634) was a Bohemian soldier and politician who gave his services (an army of 30,000 to 100,000 men) during the Danish Period of the Thirty... During the Thirty Years War the city of Magdeburg was besieged by the Holy Roman Empires Imperial Army from November 1630 to 20 May 1631 in the Sack of Magdeburg. ... The Ratification of the Treaty of Münster by Gerard Terborch (1648) Banquet of the Amsterdam Civic Guard in Celebration of the Peace of Münster by Bartholomeus van der Helst, 1648 The Peace of Westphalia, also known as the Treaties of Münster and Osnabrück, refers to the... 1648 (MDCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Brandenburg-Prussian state was formed in 1618 when the Duchy of Prussia came under the control of the Elector of Brandenburg (part of the Holy Roman Empire of German Nation). ... Events First Portuguese governor was appointed to Macau The Swedish city Karlskrona was founded as the Royal Swedish Navy relocated there. ...

Interior of the Cathedral of Magdeburg, looking towards the Grave of Otto I.
Interior of the Cathedral of Magdeburg, looking towards the Grave of Otto I.
The cathedral's twin spires, seen from the courtyard.
The cathedral's twin spires, seen from the courtyard.
Unser Lieben Frauen Monastery.
Unser Lieben Frauen Monastery.

In the course of the Napoleonic Wars, the fortress surrendered to French troops in 1806. The city was annexed to the French-controlled Kingdom of Westphalia. King Jérôme appointed Count Heinrich von Blumenthal Mayor (his statue still to be seen in the Nordpark). In 1815, after the Napoleonic Wars, Magdeburg was made the capital of the new Prussian Province of Saxony. In 1912 the old fortress was dismantled. Download high resolution version (1171x1600, 379 KB)This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. ... Download high resolution version (1171x1600, 379 KB)This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1704x2272, 1418 KB) Summary Twin spires of Magdeburg Cathedral. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1704x2272, 1418 KB) Summary Twin spires of Magdeburg Cathedral. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (800x1066, 167 KB) Monastery Unser Lieben Frauen in Magdeburg, Germany. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (800x1066, 167 KB) Monastery Unser Lieben Frauen in Magdeburg, Germany. ... Combatants Allies: Austrian Empire[1] Kingdom of Portugal Kingdom of Prussia[1] Russian Empire[2] Kingdom of Spain[3] Kingdom of Sweden United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland[4] French Empire - Kingdom of Holland - Kingdom of Italy - Kingdom of Naples - Duchy of Warsaw - Kingdom of Bavaria[5] - Kingdom of... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Kingdom of Westphalia is a historical state in present-day Germany that existed from 1807-1813. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... Motto: Suum cuique Latin: To each his own Prussia at its peak, as leading state of the German Empire Capital Königsberg, later Berlin Political structure Duchy, Kingdom, Republic Duke1  - 1525–68 Albert I  - 1688–1701 Frederick III King1  - 1701–13 Frederick I  - 1888–1918 William II Prime Minister1,2... The Province of Saxony (German Provinz Sachsen) was a Prussian province between the Napoleonic Wars of 1815 and 1947. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Before the World War II Magdeburg was the seat of the German section of the Watchtower Society. During the war Magdeburg (then a city of about 340,000 inhabitants) suffered near total destruction from Allied firebombing. The very impressive Gründerzeit suburbs north of the city, called the Nordfront, were destroyed as well as the city's main street with its Baroque buildings. It was the second most devastated city in Germany; only Dresden suffered more. American and Soviet troops occupied the city; however, the Americans soon left, leaving the city under Soviet stewardship. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... A number of corporations are in use by Jehovahs Witnesses. ... For other uses, see Dresden (disambiguation). ...


In the postwar years, many of the remaining pre-World War II city buildings were destroyed, with only a few buildings near the Cathedral restored to their pre-war state. Prior to Reunification, many surviving Gründerzeit buildings were left uninhabited and, after years of degradation, waiting for demolition. From 1949 on until German reunification on 3 October 1990 Magdeburg belonged to the German Democratic Republic. October 3 is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... “East Germany” redirects here. ...


In 1990 Magdeburg became the capital of the new state of Saxony-Anhalt within reunified Germany. The city center was rebuilt almost exclusively in a modern style. With an area of 20,447 km² and a population of 2. ...


Main sights

Cathedral

Magdeburg's most impressive building, the Cathedral of Saints Catherine and Maurice, has a height of 104 m: the highest church building of eastern Germany. It is notable for its beautiful and unique sculptures, especially the "Twelve Virgins" at the Northern Gate, the depictions of Otto I the Great and his wife Editha as well as the statues of St Maurice and St Catherine. The statue of St Maurice (ca. 1250) is one of the few where Maurice is correctly displayed as a black man with African features holding a sword and wearing chainmail. It is in fact the oldest depiction of a black person in Europe. St Catherine is dressed like a young teenage girl from the time of the statue's creation would have been - the equivalent to a girl in jeans and T-Shirt today. (Quite a scandal then.) View of Magdeburg with the cathedral on the right. ... Look up Catherine in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Catherine is a womans given name, derived from a Greek word (katharos) meaning pure. It is one of the most common names given. ... Saint-Maurice may refer to: Saint-Maurice, a former federal electoral district represented in the Canadian House of Commons, and located in the province of Quebec Saint-Maurice, VS (Roman Agaunum) is a commune and a district in the Valais, Switzerland. ... Otto I at his victory over Berengar of Friuli Grave of Otto I in Magdeburg Otto I the Great ( November 23, 912 - May 7, 973), son of Henry I the Fowler, king of the Germans, and Matilda of Ringelheim, was Duke of Saxony, King of the Germans and arguably the... Ædgyth or Edith of England (910 - 26 January 946) was the daughter of Edward the Elder, King of England and Ælfflæd. ... Saint Maurice (also Moritz or Mauritius) was the leader of the legendary Roman Theban Legion in the 3rd century. ... There are five St. ... // April 30 - King Louis IX of France released by his Egyptian captors after paying a ransom of one million dinars and turning over the city of Damietta. ...


The predecessor of the cathedral was a church built in 937 within an abbey, called St. Maurice. Emperor Otto I the Great was buried here beside his wife in 973. St. Maurice burnt to ashes in 1207. The exact location of that church remained unknown for a long time. The foundations were rediscovered in May 2003, revealing a building 80 m long and 41 m wide. Events Stephen Langton consecrated Archbishop of Canterbury June 17 by Pope Innocent III Births September 8 - King Sancho II of Portugal October 1 - King Henry III of England (d. ...


The construction of the new church lasted 300 years. The cathedral of Saints Catherine and Maurice was the first Gothic church building of Germany. The completion of the steeples took place only in 1520. Gothic architecture is a style of architecture, particularly associated with cathedrals and other churches, which flourished in Europe during the high and late medieval period. ... mary elline m. ...


While the cathedral was virtually the only building to survive the massacres of the Thirty Years' War, it nevertheless suffered damage in World War II. But it was soon rebuilt and completed in 1955.


The place in front of the cathedral (sometimes called "new marketplace", Neuer Markt) was occupied by an imperial palace (Kaiserpfalz), which was destroyed in the fire of 1207. The stones of the ruin served for building the cathedral. The presumptive remains of the palace were excavated in the 1960s.


Other sights

  • Unser Lieben Frauen Monastery (Our Beloved Lady), 11th century, containing the church of St. Mary. Today a museum for Modern Art. Home of the National Collection of Small Art Statues of the GDR (Nationale Sammlung Kleinkunstplastiken der DDR).
  • The Magdeburger Reiter ("Magdeburg equestrian", 1240), the first equestrian sculpture north of the alps. It probably shows Emperor Otto I.
  • Town hall (1698). This building stood on the marketplace since the 13th century, but was destroyed in the Thirty Years' War; the new town hall was built in a Renaissance style influenced by Dutch architecture. It has ben renovated and reopened in Oct 2005.
  • Landtag; the seat of the government of Saxony-Anhalt is a Baroque palace built in 1724.
  • The city has monuments depicting emperor Otto I (old marketplace, 1240) and Otto von Guericke (1907).
  • Ruins of the greatest stronghold of the former kingdom of Prussia.
  • Rotehorn-Park.
  • Elbauenpark containing the highest wooden tower in the world.
  • Hundertwasser-Building, finished in 2005.
  • Johannischurch
  • The Magdeburg Water Bridge, Europe's longest water bridge

Magdeburg is one of the major towns along the Elbe Cycle Route (Elberadweg). Emperor Otto I Otto I the Great (November 23, 912 - May 7, 973), son of Henry I the Fowler, king of the Germans, and Matilda of Ringelheim, was Duke of Saxony, King of the Germans and arguably the first Holy Roman Emperor. ... Raphael was famous for depicting illustrious figures of the Classical past with the features of his Renaissance contemporaries. ... Block quote For other uses, see Baroque (disambiguation). ... Events January 14 - King Philip V of Spain abdicates the throne February 20 - The premiere of Giulio Cesare, an Italian opera by George Frideric Handel, takes place in London June 23 - Treaty of Constantinople signed. ... The Magdeburg Water Bridge as seen from the shores of the Elbe. ... The Elbe Cycle Route (Elberadweg in German) is part of an international network of cycling routes all over Europe. ...


Trivia

  • The Magdeburg hemispheres were a device created in 1654 by Otto von Guericke: it consisted in two hollow shells with rings for attaching ropes, put together with grease; the air was evacuted from within through a pump that he had invented some years before. Sixteen horses failed to pull the hemispheres apart.
  • SC Magdeburg is the only German handball club to have won the Champions-League.
  • 1. FC Magdeburg is the only East German football club to have won a European club football competition.
  • Georg Philipp Telemann, Otto von Guericke and SPD politician Erich Ollenhauer were from Magdeburg.
  • FDP politician Burkhard Hirsch is from Magdeburg.
  • One currency of Magdeburg is the local Urstromtaler (as well as the euro)[1]
  • In Eric Flint's 1632 series of novels, Magdeburg becomes the capital of the Confederated Principalities of Europe and later the United States of Europe, largely as a symbolic and morale building gesture after the city's destruction by Tilly and Pappenheim.

Gaspar Schotts sketch of Otto von Guerickes Magdeburg hemispheres experiment. ... Events April 5 - Signing of the Treaty of Westminster, ending the First Anglo-Dutch War. ... Otto von Guericke Otto von Guericke (originally spelled Gericke) [] (November 20, 1602 – May 11, 1686 (Julian calendar); November 30, 1602 – May 21, 1686 (Gregorian calendar)) was a German scientist, inventor, and politician. ... SC Magdeburg is a German sports club located in the city of Magdeburg, which offers athletics, canoeing, gymnastics, rowing, swimming and team handball. ... 1. ... Georg Philipp Telemann. ... Social Democratic Party of Germany Spectral Power Density ... Categories: Politics stubs | Liberal related stubs | German political parties | Liberal parties ... Urstromtaler is a regional currency being used in the East German town of Magdeburg side by side with Euro. ... For other uses, see Euro (disambiguation) or EUR (disambiguation). ... Eric Flint (born California, USA, 1947) is an American science fiction and fantasy author and editor. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... During the Thirty Years War the city of Magdeburg was besieged by the Holy Roman Empires Imperial Army from November 1630 to 20 May 1631 in the Sack of Magdeburg. ... Count Tilly on a portrait by van Dyck Bronze statue of Count Tilly in the Feldherrnhalle in Munich Johann Tserclaes, Count of Tilly (Nivelles,February 1559 - Ingolstadt, April 30, 1632) was a General (Field Marshal) who commanded the Imperial and Holy Roman Empires forces in the Thirty Years War... Gottfried Heinrich Graf zu Pappenheim Pappenheim Letter of Wallenstein, asking for help Gottfried Heinrich Graf zu Pappenheim (May 29, 1594 – November 17, 1632), imperial field marshal in the Thirty Years War, was born at the little town of Pappenheim on the Altmühl, in Bavaria, the seat of a free...

People

Otto von Guericke Otto von Guericke (originally spelled Gericke) [] (November 20, 1602 – May 11, 1686 (Julian calendar); November 30, 1602 – May 21, 1686 (Gregorian calendar)) was a German scientist, inventor, and politician. ... Manual pump used to obtain water A pump is a mechanical device used to move liquids or gases. ... The Otto von Guericke University of Magdeburg was founded 1993, and is one of the youngest universities in Germany. ... Georg Philipp Telemann. ... This article is about the American Revolutionary officer. ... Carl Gustav Friedrich Hasselbach (born March 21, 1809 in Stettin; died April 21, 1882 in Magdeburg) was a privy councillor, member of the Prussian House of Lords, and served as Lord Mayor of the City of Magdeburg from 1851 to 1881. ... Georg Kaiser (1878-1945) was a highly prolific German dramatist who wrote in a variety of styles, but is best known as an expressionist, most notably for The Citizens of Calais (1914), From Morn to Midnight (1916), and a trilogy, comprised of The Coral (1917), Gas (1918), Gas II(1920). ... Henning von Tresckow (January 10, 1901 in Magdeburg – July 21, 1944 in Ostrow near Białystok, Poland) was a Major General in the German Wehrmacht who is known for organizing German resistance against Hitler. ... Erich Ollenhauer (March 27, 1901 – December 14, 1963) was the leader of the Social Democratic Party of Germany 1952-1963. ... SPD redirects here. ... Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard (born October 20, 1942 in Magdeburg) is a German biologist who won the Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research in 1991 and the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1995, together with Eric Wieschaus and Edward B. Lewis, for their research on the genetic... Kurt Singer (May 12, 1886 - February 14, 1962) was a German philosopher. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

Twin towns

Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Coordinates: Time zone: CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country: Germany State: Lower Saxony District: Urban district City subdivisions: 20 Boroughs Lord Mayor: Gert Hoffmann (CDU) Governing parties: CDU / FDP Basic Statistics Area: 192. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bulgaria_(bordered). ... Pernik is situated 19 miles southwest of Sofia Pernik is a city in Bulgaria, on the Struma River, with a population of 92,627 (2005 census). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina. ... Nickname: Olympic City Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo) Coordinates: Country Bosnia and Herzegovina Entity Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina&Republika Srpska Canton Sarajevo Canton  - Mayor Semiha Borovac Area    - City 142 km²  (55. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... For other cities named Nashville, see Nashville (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) English Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Largest metro area Nashville Area  Ranked 36th  - Total 42,169 sq mi (109,247 km²)  - Width 120 miles (195 km)  - Length 440 miles (710 km)  - % water 2. ...

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Magdeburg
This article incorporates text from the public-domain Catholic Encyclopedia of 1913.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Magdeburg - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1419 words)
Magdeburg, the capital city of the Bundesland of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany, lies on the Elbe river.
973 Emperor Otto I dies and is buried in the cathedral of Magdeburg.
The sister cities of Magdeburg are Brunswick, Nashville, TN and Sarajevo.
Cathedral of Magdeburg - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2780 words)
The Cathedral of Magdeburg, officially called the Cathedral of Saints Catherine and Maurice (known as Magdeburger Dom in German) was the first Gothic cathedral in Germany and with a height of 104 m, it is the tallest cathedral in the former East Germany.
Magdeburg became a leader in the Protestant reformation, and was outlawed by the emperor.
However, during the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648) Magdeburg was raided, and only a small group of 4000 citizens survived the murdering, raping, and looting (known as the sack of Magdeburg) by seeking refuge in the cathedral.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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