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Encyclopedia > Madrid Metro
A typical Madrid metro entrance, designed by Antonio Palacios, at Tribunal station
A modern metro train (type 8000) on line 8 at Colombia station
A modern metro train (type 8000) on line 8 at Colombia station

The Madrid Metro is the large metro subway system serving the city of Madrid. It is one of the largest metro systems in the world, which is especially remarkable considering Madrid's population of approximately 3.5 million (Madrid city) to 6 million (metropolitan area). In fact, it is among the top 10 longest metros in the world, and the second in Europe after London, though Madrid is approximately the twenty fifth most populous metropolitan area in the world. It is also one of many fast growing systems in the world, rivaled, among many others, by the Seoul Metro, Seoul, or the Beijing Subway, Beijing; the round of expansions completed in spring 2007 increased its length to 317 km, making it the third largest in the world after London and New York. [1]. The metro has 316 stations on 12 lines plus one branch line. An additional 44 km of metro lines are expected to be constructed by 2007, as well as 18.75 miles (30 km) of light rail lines that will serve the western region of the metropolitan area. Approximately 92% of the total track length is underground. Entrance to Tribunal station, Madrid metro, July 2002. ... Palacio de Comunicaciones in Madrid The Río de La Plata Bank in Madrid Antonio Palacios Ramilo (January 8, 1872–October 1945) was an Spanish architect, born in O Porriño, Galicia. ... A modern metro train (type 8000) on line 8 (at Colombia station) of Madrid Metro, July 2002. ... A rapid transit, underground, subway, tube, elevated, or metro(politan) system is a railway — usually in an urban area — with a high capacity and frequency of service, and grade separation from other traffic. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Motto: (Spanish for From Madrid to Heaven) Location Coordinates: , Country Spain Autonomous Community Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid Province Madrid Administrative Divisions 21 Neighborhoods 127 Founded 9th century Government  - Mayor Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón Jimémez (PP) Area  - Land 607 km² (234. ... System Map (click to enlarge) The Seoul Metropolitan Subway is one of the most heavily used subway systems in the world, with over 8 million trips daily on the systems nine lines (total figures for Seoul Metropolitan Subway Corporation, Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit Corporation & Korean National Railroad commuter lines). ... Seoul   is the capital of South Korea and is located on the Han River in the countrys northwest. ... The logo of Beijing Subway The Beijing Subway (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a rapid transit system that serves downtown Beijing and its various outlying suburbs. ... Beijing (Chinese: 北京; pinyin: BÄ›ijÄ«ng; IPA: ;  ), a metropolis in northern China, is the capital of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... This article is about light rail systems in general. ...

Contents

History

The first line of the Madrid metro opened on October 17, 1919 under the direction of the Compañía de Metro Alfonso XIII, with 8 stations and 3.5 km. It was constructed in a narrow section and the stations had 60 m platforms. The enlargement of this line and the construction of two others followed shortly after 1919. In 1936, the network had three lines and a branch line between Opera and Norte railway station. All these stations served as air raid shelters during the Spanish Civil War. is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... It has been suggested that Martyrs of the Spanish Civil War be merged into this article or section. ...


After the civil war the public works to extend the network went on little by little. In 1944 a fourth line was constructed and it absorbed the branch of line 2 between Goya and Diego de León in 1958, branch that was intended to be part of line 4 since its construction but was exploited as a branch of line 2 until the achieving of line 4.


In the sixties, a suburban railway was constructed between Plaza de España and Carabanchel, linked to lines 2 (in Noviciado station with a long aisle) and 3. A fifth metro line was constructed as well with narrow section but 90 m platforms. Shortly after opening the first section of line 5, the platforms in line 1 were enlarged from 60 to 90 m, closing Chamberí station since it was too close from Iglesia (less than 500 m). Chamberí has been closed ever after and it is planned to rearrange the station to install a Museum.


At the beginning of the seventies, the network was sequentially greatly expanded to cope with the influx of population and urban sprawl from Madrid's economic ascendancy. New lines were planned in large section with 115 m platforms. Lines 4 and 5 were enlarged as well. In 1979, a bad management led to a crisis, the works of enlargement already started were achieved during the eighties and all projects were abandoned. After all these enlargements of the underground train network, 100 km of rail track had been achieved, the suburban railway had disappeared since it had been enlarged to Alonso Martínez and converted to line 10. Urban sprawl (also: suburban sprawl) is the spreading out of a city and its suburbs over rural land at the fringe of an urban area. ...


At the beginning of the nineties, the control of the network was transferred to a public enterprise, Metro de Madrid, new projects of enlargement were presented and its expansion went on with enlargements of line 1, 4 and 7, and new line 11 towards the outlyings of Madrid, lines 8 and 10 were melted in a longer line 10, a new line 8 was constructed to expand the underground network towards the airport and the enlarged line 9 was the first to leave the town of Madrid to arrive to Rivas-Vaciamadrid and Arganda del Rey, two towns located on the south-east suburbs of Madrid.


A huge project in early 2000s installed approximately 31.25 miles (50 km) of new metro tunnels, including a direct connection between downtown Madrid (Nuevos Ministerios) and the airport, enlarging (line 8), and service to the outskirts with a huge 25 mile (40 km) loop called MetroSur serving Madrid's southern suburbs. The 2000s are the current decade, spanning from 2000 to 2009. ... A disused railway tunnel now converted to pedestrian and bicycle use, near Houyet, Belgium A tunnel is an underground passage. ... Line 8 of the Madrid Metro opened between Mar De Cristal and Campo de las Naciones on 24 June 1998. ...


MetroSur, the largest civil engineering project in Europe, opened on April 11, 2003. It includes 40 km of tunnel and 28 new stations, including an interchange station and an additional station on Line 10, which connects it to downtown and stations linking to the local train network. Its construction began in June 2000 and the whole loop was completed in less than three years. It connects Getafe, Móstoles, Alcorcón, Fuenlabrada, and Leganés, five towns located on the southern suburbs of Madrid. The Falkirk Wheel in Scotland. ... 2003 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December - → A timeline of events in the news for April 2003. ... Location Location of Getafe Coordinates : 40° 18’N , 3°43′0″W Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Getafe (Spanish) Spanish name Getafe Founded 1326 Postal code 28901-28909 Area code 34 (Spain) + 91 (Madrid) Website http://www. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Alcorcón is a city of the metropolitan area of Madrid which as of the first of January 2004 had a population of 156,592. ... Fuenlabrada is a city that is part of the Madrid metropolitan area in Spain. ... Leganés streets Leganés is a town in central Spain. ...


Most of the current efforts of Madrid provincial government are channeled towards the enlargement of the Metro network. Esperanza Aguirre has funded a multi-billion dollar project, which adds, joins, or extends almost all of the metro lines. The amplification project (2004-2007) includes the addition of 64.5 new miles of track (90 km) and the construction of 80 new stations. It will carry the underground railway to many districts that had never had a Metro line to travel to the town centre (Villaverde, Manoteras, Carabanchel Alto, La Elipa, Pinar de Chamartín) and to the eastern and northern outskirts as well (Coslada, San Fernando de Henares, Alcobendas, San Sebastián de los Reyes). It includes 3 light-rail lines to the western outskirts (Pozuelo de Alarcón, Boadilla del Monte), ML2 and ML3 (ML stands for Metro Ligero, light train) and to the new northern districts of Sanchinarro and Las Tablas. As a last-minute addition, an enlargement of line 8 will carry it to the new terminal, T4, of Madrid-Barajas Airport. Esperanza Aguirre Gil de Biedma (March 3, 1952, Madrid), Spanish politician, is the President of the autonomous community of Madrid since 2003. ...


Commuter train transfer

Madrid also has an extensive commuter train (Cercanías) network operated by Renfe, the national rail line, which is intermodal with the metro network. A Connex commuter train stands by the platform in Melbourne, Australia Regional rail systems, or commuter rail systems, usually provide a rail service through a central business district area into suburbs or other locations that draw large numbers of people on a daily basis. ... Cercanías Madrid is the commuter rail service who serves Madrid, the capital of Spain, and its metropolitan area. ... RENFE is Spains national railway operator. ...


There are 22 links to the Madrid Metro.

  • Atocha Renfe L1
  • Nuevos Ministerios L6-8-10
  • Chamartín L10-L1
  • Méndez Álvaro L6
  • Pirámides L5
  • Príncipe Pío L6-10-R
  • Pitis L7
  • Vallecas/Sierra de Guadalupe L1
  • Vicálvaro/Puerta de Arganda L9
  • Embajadores L3
  • Laguna L6
  • Aluche L5
  • Cuatro Vientos L10
  • Alcorcón/Alcorcón Central L12
  • Móstoles/Móstoles Central L12
  • Fuenlabrada/Fuenlabrada Central L12
  • Getafe Centro/Getafe Central L12
  • El Casar L12
  • Leganés/Leganés Central L12
  • Villaverde Alto L3
  • Coslada/Coslada Central L7
  • Aravaca/Estación de Aravaca ML2

Lines

Current network

Madrid's metro consists of the following lines with a total network of 229.9 km : (see also List of Madrid metro stations) Download high resolution version (800x1483, 107 KB)Madrid metro map. ... Download high resolution version (800x1483, 107 KB)Madrid metro map. ... This is a list of the stations of the metro system in Madrid, Spain (see Madrid Metro). ...

Line Length Stations Section Platform
1 Pinar de Chamartín – Valdecarros 23.8 km/14.7 miles 33 narrow 90 m
2 La Elipa – Cuatro Caminos 9.5 km/ 5.9 miles 16 narrow 60 m
3 Villaverde Alto – Moncloa 16.4 km/ 10.2 Miles 18 narrow 90 m
4 Argüelles – Pinar de Chamartín 16 km/ 9.9 miles 23 narrow 60 m
5 Alameda de Osuna – Casa de Campo 23.2 km/ 14.5 miles 32 narrow 90 m
6 Circular 23.5 km/ 14.6 miles 28 wide 115 m
7 Henares – Pitis 31.2 km/ 19.4 miles 29 wide 115 m
8 Nuevos Ministerios – Aeropuerto T4 16.4 km/ 10.2 miles 8 wide 115 m
9 Herrera Oria – Arganda del Rey 38 km/ 23.6 miles 26 wide 115 m
10 Hospital del Norte – Puerta del Sur 39.9 km/ 24.8 miles 31 wide 115 m
11 Plaza Elíptica – La Peseta 5.3 km/ 3.3 miles 6 wide 115 m
12 MetroSur 40.7 km/ 25.3 miles (Circular) 28 wide 115 m
R * Ópera – Príncipe Pío 1.1 km/ 0.7miles 2 narrow 60 m
Notes

* For Ramal, "branch"
Old stations are not accessible to people with disabilities but all new stations must be accessible by law. Line 1 of the Madrid Metro was first opened on 17th September 1919 between Cuatro Caminos and Sol. ... Line 2 of the Madrid Metro was opened on 1920 in a direct passage between La Elipa and Cuatro Caminos. ... Line 3 of the Madrid Metro was opened on 1935 and initially operated between Sol station and Embajadores station. ... Line 4 of the Madrid Metro was opened on 1932 and initially operated between Goya station and Diego de Leon station. ... Line 5 of the Madrid Metro origanilly opened between Callao and Aluche on the 5th June 1968, however the section from Carabanchel to aluche took over part of the original Line S. On the 2nd March 1970 the line was extended from Callao to Ciudad Lineal, however the section between... Line 6 of the Madrid Metro opened origanally between Cuatro Caminos and Pacifico. ... Line 7 of the Madrid Metro originally opened on the 17th July 1974 between Pueblo Nuevo and Las Musas. ... Line 8 of the Madrid Metro opened between Mar De Cristal and Campo de las Naciones on 24 June 1998. ... Line 9 of the Madrid Metro opened on the 31st January 1980 between Sainz de Baranda and Pavones. ... Line 10 of the Madrid Metro is in fact product of two lines, the former line 8 from Fuencarral to Nuevos Ministerios and the Former Suburbano [Also known as Line S] from Alonso Martínez to Aluche, this section being named line 10 in the 1980s. ... Line 11 opened between Plaza Elíptica and Pan Bendito on 16th November 1998. ... Line 12, also known as metro-Sur, Opened on 11th April 2003. ... The ramal has always been thought of as a branch of line 2, but its always been a seperate line. ...


Operators

The metro is operated by its own company, under the Department of Public Works, City Planning, and Transportation of the autonomous community of Madrid. The passage between Puerta de Arganda (Line 9) and Arganda del Rey (Line 9) is operated by Transportes Ferroviarios de Madrid (TFM). All of Madrid's rapid transit systems are members of the Consorcio Regional de Transportes, which sells monthly passes for unlimited use of the metro, bus and commuter train networks within the area covered by the pass. Capital Madrid Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 12th  8,030. ...


See also

Plaça de Catalunya station The Barcelona Metro, part of the mass transit public transport system of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain is an extensive network of electrified railways that run underground in central Barcelona and above ground into the citys suburbs. ... The contract for the underground metro system in Bilbao, Spain was awarded to architects Sir Norman Foster and partners in 1988 following an open competition as metro was decided to be the best method to improve congestion problems in the evolving and regenerating city. ... Lines 1 and 5 in Torrent Avinguda Station: here you can compare both trains from both lines Many stations have an artistic exhibit in the entrance hall. ... This is an alphabetical list of cities worldwide that have a metro rail system . ...

Notes

  1. ^ [1]

External links

  • Metro map updated for May 2007 new stations
  • Metro de Madrid (official site, in Spanish)
  • Madrid´s Metro Unofficial web page
  • UrbanRail.net/Madrid
  • Consorcio Regional de Transportes de Madrid
  • Expansion projects 2004-2007
  • Andén 1 - Association of friends of Madrid Metro
  • Real-distance map of the Madrid Metro network
  • ENGLISH User guide, ticket types, airport supplement and timings


  Results from FactBites:
 
Madrid Metro - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (523 words)
The metro has 190 stations on 12 lines (and one branch line.) An additional 44 km of metro lines are expected to be constructed by 2007, as well as 30 km of light rail lines that will serve the western region of the metropolitan area.
Madrid also has an extensive commuter train (Cercanías) network operated by Renfe, the national rail line, which is intermodal with the metro network.
All of Madrid's rapid transit systems are members of the Consorcio Regional de Transportes, which sells monthly passes for unlimited use of the metro, bus and commuter train networks within the area covered by the pass.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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