FACTOID # 8: Bookworms: Vermont has the highest number of high school teachers per capita and third highest number of librarians per capita.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Madrid" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Madrid
Madrid
Puerta de Alcalá at night with El Retiro gardens in the background.
Puerta de Alcalá at night with El Retiro gardens in the background.
Flag of Madrid
Flag
Coat of arms of Madrid
Coat of arms
Motto: De Madrid al Cielo (From Madrid to Heaven)
Location in the Community of Madrid, Spain
Coordinates: 40°23′N 3°43′W / 40.383, -3.717
Country Spain
Autonomous community Community of Madrid
Province Madrid
Administrative Divisions 21
Neighbourhoods 127
Founded 8th century
Government
 - Mayor Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón (PP)
Area
 - Land 607 km² (234.4 sq mi)
Elevation 667 m (2,188 ft)
Population (2005)
 - City 3,228,359
 - Density 5,198/km² (13,462.8/sq mi)
 - Metro 5,561,748
  population-ranking: 1st
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 28001-28080
Area code(s) 34 (Spain) + 91 (Madrid)
Website: www.munimadrid.es (Spanish)

Madrid (pronounced [ma'ð̞ɾið̞] or colloquially [ma'ð̞ɾiˑ] in Spanish, and [məˈdɹɪd] in English) is the capital and largest city of Spain.[1] Capital Madrid Official languages Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 12th  8,030. ... Madrid is the capital city of Spain. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Puerta de Alcalá is a monument in the Plaza de la Independencia (Independence Square) in Madrid (Spain), very close to the city centre and several metres away from the main entrance to the Parque del Buen Retiro. ... Monument to Alfonso XII Palacio de Cristal The statue of Fallen Angel The Parque del Buen Retiro named by Madrids king (Park of the Pleasant Retreat) is a large and popular, 1. ... Image File history File links Bandera_de_Madrid. ... Flag of the Community of Madrid Flag of the City of Madrid The autonomous community of Madrid and its capital city, Madrid, each have their own flags. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For other uses, see Country (disambiguation). ... Autonomous communities of Spain. ... Capital Madrid Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 12th  8,030. ... In addition to its autonomous communities, Spain is divided into fifty provinces. ... Capital Madrid Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 12th  8,030. ... Local government areas called districts are used, or have been used, in several countries. ... A neighbourhood or neighborhood (see spelling differences) is a geographically localised community located within a larger city, town or suburb. ... (7th century — 8th century — 9th century — other centuries) Events The Iberian peninsula is taken by Arab and Berber Muslims, thus ending the Visigothic rule, and starting almost 8 centuries of Muslim presence there. ... Alcalde is the Spanish title of the chief administrator of a town. ... Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón (born December 11, 1958) is a Spanish politician and currently mayor of Madrid. ... The Peoples Party (Spanish: Partido Popular, PP) is the largest right-wing political party in Spain. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... Postcodes are generally clearly visible outside Australia Post offices. ... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ...


The city is located on the river Manzanares both in the centre of the country and Community of Madrid (which comprises the city of Madrid, its subsequent conurbation and extended suburbs and villages); this commununity is bordered by the autonomous communities of Castile and León and Castile-La Mancha. As the capital city of Spain, seat of government, and residence of the Spanish monarch, Madrid is also the political center of Spain.[2] The current mayor is Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón from the center-right People's Party. He has been in office since 2003, when he left the Presidency of the Autonomous Community of Madrid and stood as the candidate to replace outgoing mayor José María Álvarez del Manzano, also from the PP. In the last local elections of 2007, Ruiz-Gallardón increased the PP majority in the City Council to 34 seats out of 57, taking 55.5% of the popular vote and winning in all but two districts. The Manzanares is a river in central Spain which passes through the countrys capital, Madrid. ... Capital Madrid Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 12th  8,030. ... Autonomous communities of Spain. ... Capital Valladolid Official language(s) Spanish/Castilian Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked  94,223 km²  18. ... Capital Toledo Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 3rd  79,463 km²  15. ... The seat of government is the location of the government for a political entity. ... Palacio Real de Madrid The Spanish royal sites (sitios reales) are a set of palaces, monasteries, and convents built for and under the patronage of the Spanish monarchy. ... Coat of Arms of the King of Spain King of Spain redirects here. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón (born December 11, 1958) is a Spanish politician and currently mayor of Madrid. ... The Peoples Party (Spanish: Partido Popular, PP) is the largest right-wing political party in Spain. ...


As the capital, Madrid is a city of cultural and political importance. It is also a major European economic centre, and its international airport at Barajas is the largest in Spain. Due to its economic output, standard of living, and market size, Madrid is considered the major financial center of the Iberian Peninsula; it hosts the head offices of the vast majority of the major Spanish companies, as well as the headquarters of three of the world's 100 largest companies (Telefónica, Repsol-YPF, Endesa).[3] ... Output in economics is the total value of all of the goods and services produced in an entitys economy. ... The standard of living refers to the quality and quantity of goods and services available to people and the way these services and goods are distributed within a population. ... In economics, a muppet is a theoretical model in which buyers and sellers interact to optimize certain variables such as utility or profit. ... The field of finance refers to the concepts of time, money and risk and how they are interelated. ... The Iberian Peninsula, or Iberia, is located in the extreme southwest of Europe, and includes modern day Spain, Portugal, Andorra and Gibraltar. ... Telefónica, S.A., (IBEX-35:TEF, Euronext: TEF, NYSE: TEF, LSE: TDE, FWB: TEF, TYO: 9481) is a Spanish telecommunications company. ... Repsol YPF, S.A., (IBEX-35:REP) is an integrated Spanish oil and gas company with operations in 29 countries, the bulk of its assets located in Spain and Argentina. ... Endesa is the acronym of . ...


While Madrid possesses a modern infrastructure, it has preserved the look and feel of many of its historic neighborhoods and streets. Its landmarks include the huge Royal Palace of Madrid; the Teatro Real (Royal theatre) with its restored 1850 Opera House; the Buen Retiro park, founded in 1631; the imposing 19th-century National Library building (founded in 1712) containing some of Spain's historical archives; an archaeological museum of international reputation; and three superb art museums: Prado Museum, which hosts one of the finest art collections in the world, the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, a museum of modern art, and the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum, housed in the renovated Villahermosa Palace.[4] Palacio Real redirects here. ... Teatro Real The Teatro Real (literally Royal Theater) or simply The Real (as it is known colloquialy), is an opera house located in Madrid, Spain. ... Monument to Alfonso XII Palacio de Cristal The statue of Fallen Angel The Parque del Buen Retiro named by Madrids king (Park of the Pleasant Retreat) is a large and popular, 1. ... Statue of Marcelino Menéndez y Pelayo in the lobby of the Biblioteca Nacional de España The Biblioteca Nacional de España (The National Library of Spain) is a major public library, the largest in Spain. ... The National Archaeological Museum (Spanish: Museo Arqueológico Nacional) of Spain is in Madrid, beside the Plaza de Colón (Columbus Square), sharing its building with the National Library. ... The Museo del Prado is a world class museum and art gallery located in Madrid, Spain. ... The main entrance The Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía (MNCARS) is the official name Spains national museum of 20th century art (informally shortened to the Museo Reina Sofía, Queen Sofia Museum, or simply The Sofia). ... The Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza is an art gallery in Madrid. ...


The population of the city is roughly 3.2 million (December 2005), while the estimated urban area population is 5.1 million. The entire population of the Madrid metropolitan area (urban area and suburbs) is calculated to be 5.84 million. The city spans a total of 607 km² (234 sq mi).[5] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...

Contents

Names of the city and origin of the current name

Monument to Alfonso XII at the Parque del Retiro
Monument to Alfonso XII at the Parque del Retiro
Metrópolis Building
Metrópolis Building

There are several theories regarding the origin of the name "Madrid". According to legend Madrid was founded by Ocno Bianor (son of King Tyrrhenius of Tuscany and Mantua) and was named "Metragirta" or "Mantua Carpetana". Others contend that the original name of the city was "Ursaria" ("land of bears" in Latin), due to the high number of these animals that were found in the adjacent forests, which, together with the strawberry tree ("madroño" in Spanish), have been the emblem of the city from the Middle Ages.[6] Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 181 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 181 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Palacio Real redirects here. ... Afonso XII Mausoleum Palacio de Cristal The Parque del Buen Retiro (Park of the Pleasant Retreat) is a large and popular, 140 hectare (350 acre) (1. ... For other uses, see Tuscany (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Mantua (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Latins and Latin (disambiguation). ... For other uses of Strawberry, see Strawberry (disambiguation). ...


Nevertheless,it is now commonly believed that the origin of the current name of the city comes from the 2nd Century B.C., the Roman Empire established a settlement on the banks of the Manzanares river. The name of this first village was "Matrice" (a reference to the river that crossed the settlement). Following the invasions of the Sueves, Vandals and Alans during the fifth Century A.D., the Roman Empire could not defend its territories on the Iberian Peninsula, and were therefore overrun by the Visigoths. The barbarian tribes subsequently took control of "Matrice". In the 7th Century the Islamic conquest of the Iberian Peninsula saw the name changed to "Mayrit", from the Arabic term "Mayra" (referencing water as a "trees" or "giver of life") and the Ibero-Roman suffix "it" that means "place". The modern "Madrid" evolved from the Mozarabic "Matrit", which is still in the Madrilenian gentilic.[7] For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... The Manzanares is a river in central Spain which passes through the countrys capital, Madrid. ... The Suebi or Suevi were a Germanic people whose origin was near the Baltic Sea . ... Vandal and Vandali redirect here. ... The Alans, Alani, Alauni or Halani were an Iranian nomadic group among the Sarmatian people, warlike nomadic pastoralists of varied backgrounds, who spoke an Iranian language and to a large extent shared a common culture. ... AD redirects here. ... A votive crown belonging to Reccesuinth (653–672) The Visigoths (Latin: ) were one of two main branches of the Goths, an East Germanic tribe, the Ostrogoths being the other. ... Age of the Caliphs The initial Islamic conquests (632-732) began with the death of Muhammad, were followed by a century of rapid Arab and Islamic expansion, and ended with the Battle of Tours—resulting in a vast Islamic empire and area of influence that stretched from India, across the... Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ... Mozarabic was a continuum of closely related Iberian Romance dialects spoken in Muslim dominated areas of the Iberian Peninsula during the early stages of Romance languages development in Iberia. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ...


History

Main article: History of Madrid

Prehistoric and Roman Time Archaeological findings exist that prove the existence of human population in the terraces of the Manzanares river from the Paleolític. ...

Middle Ages

Although the site of modern-day Madrid has been occupied since pre-historic times,[8] in the Roman era this territory belonged to the diocese of Complutum (present-day Alcalá de Henares). The origins of the modern city come from the 9th century, when Muhammad I ordered the construction of a small palace in the same place that is today occupied by the Palacio Real. Around this palace a small citadel, al-Mudaina, was built. Near that palace was the Manzanares, which the Muslims called al-Majrīṭ (Arabic: المجريط, "source of water"). From this came the naming of the site as Majerit, which later evolved into the modern-day spelling of Madrid. The citadel was conquered in 1085 by Alfonso VI of Castile in his advance towards Toledo. He reconsecrated the mosque as the church of the Virgin of Almudena (almudin, the garrison's granary). In 1329, the Cortes Generales first assembled in the city to advise Alfonso XI of Castile. Sephardi Jews and Moors continued to live in the city until they were expelled at the end of the 15th century.[6] After troubles and a large fire, Henry III of Castile (1379–1406) rebuilt the city and established himself safely fortified outside its walls in El Pardo. The grand entry of Ferdinand and Isabella to Madrid heralded the end of strife between Castile and Aragon.[6] Pope Pius XI blesses Bishop Stephen Alencastre as fifth Apostolic Vicar of the Hawaiian Islands in a Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace window. ... Alcalá de Henares is a Spanish city. ... As a means of recording the passage of time the 9th century was the century that lasted from 801 to 900. ... Muhammad I (Arabic: ) was the Umayyad Emir of Córdoba from 852 – 886 in the Al-Andalus (Moorish Iberia). ... The quintessential medieval European palace: Palais de la Cité, in Paris, the royal palace of France. ... Palacio Real de Madrid The Palacio Real de Madrid (Royal Palace of Madrid) is the official residence of the King of Spain, located in the Spanish capital of Madrid. ... This article is about a type of fortification. ... The Manzanares is a river in central Spain which passes through the countrys capital, Madrid. ... Arabic redirects here. ... Alfonso VI (before June 1040 – July 1, 1109), nicknamed the Brave, was King of León from 1065 to 1109 and King of Castile since 1072 after his brothers death. ... For other uses, see Toledo (disambiguation). ... The Masjid al-Haram in Mecca as it exists today A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ... For the architectural structure, see Church (building). ... For people named Garrison, see Garrison (disambiguation) Garrison House, built by William Damm in 1675 at Dover, New Hampshire Garrison (from the French garnison, itself from the verb garnir, to equip) is the collective term for the body of troops stationed in a particular location, originally to guard it, but... Granary at Thiruparaithurai, Kumbakonam (old temple town), built around 1600-1634 A granary is a storehouse for threshed grain or animal feed. ... The Cortes Generales (Spanish for General Courts) is the legislature of Spain. ... Alfonso XI of Castile (August 13, 1312 – March 26/27, 1350) was the king of Castile and León, the son of Ferdinand IV of Castile and his wife Constance of Portugal. ... Language(s) Hebrew, Ladino, Judæo-Portuguese, Catalanic, Shuadit, local languages Religion(s) Judaism Related ethnic groups Ashkenazi Jews, Mizrahi Jews, other Jewish ethnic divisions, Arabs, Spaniards, Portuguese. ... For other uses, see moor. ... Henry III (October 4, 1379 — 1406), sometimes known as Henry the Sufferer or Henry the Infirm (Spanish: Enrique el Doliente) was the son of John I and succeeded him as King of Castile and León in 1390. ... Palacio Real de El Pardo is a Spanish royal palace near Madrid. ... The Catholic monarchs (Spanish: Reyes Católicos) is the collective title used in history for Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon. ... The starting point of Crown of Castile can be considered when the union of the Kingdoms of Castile and Leon in 1230 or the later fusion of their Cortes (their Parlaments). ... Coat of arms of Aragon, 15th century The Crown of Aragon is a term used to refer to the permanent union of multiple titles and states in the hands of the King of Aragon. ...


Renaissance

The Kingdom of Castile, with its capital at Toledo, and the Crown of Aragon, with its capital at Zaragoza, were welded into modern Spain by the Catholic Monarchs (Queen Isabella of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon).[6] Coat of arms Kingdom of Castile in the 15th century. ... For other uses, see Toledo (disambiguation). ... Coat of arms of Aragon, 15th century The Crown of Aragon is a term used to refer to the permanent union of multiple titles and states in the hands of the King of Aragon. ... For other uses, see Zaragoza (disambiguation). ... Ferdinand on the left with Isabella on the right Coffins of the Catholic Monarchs at the Granada Cathedral The Catholic Monarchs (Spanish: los Reyes Católicos) is the collective title used in history for Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon. ... Isabella I of Castile (April 22, 1451 – November 26, 1504) was Queen regnant of Castile and Leon. ... Ferdinand V of Castile & II of Aragon the Catholic (Spanish: , Catalan: , Aragonese: ; March 10, 1452 – January 23, 1516) was king of Aragon (1479–1516), Castile, Sicily (1468–1516), Naples (1504–1516), Valencia, Sardinia and Navarre and Count of Barcelona. ...


Though their grandson Charles I of Spain (also known as Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor) favoured Seville, it was Charles' son, Philip II (1527–1598) who moved the court to Madrid in 1561. Although he made no official declaration, the seat of the court was the de facto capital. Seville continued to control commerce with Spain's colonies, but Madrid controlled Seville.[9] Charles (February 24, 1500 – September 21, 1558) was Holy Roman Emperor (as Charles V) from 1519-1558; he was also King of Spain from 1516_1556, officially as Charles I of Spain, although often referred to as Charles V (Carlos Quinto or Carlos V) in Spain and Latin America. ... For the Carlist claimant King Carlos V, see Infante Carlos, Count of Molina. ... Philip II (Spanish: ; Portuguese: ) (May 21, 1527 – September 13, 1598) was King of Spain from 1556 until 1598, King of Naples from 1554 until 1598, king consort of England (as husband of Mary I) from 1554 to 1558, Lord of the Seventeen Provinces (holding various titles for the individual territories... This article is about the city in Spain. ...


Aside from a brief period, 1601-1606, when Felipe III installed his court in Valladolid, Madrid's fortunes have closely mirrored those of Spain. During the Siglo de Oro (Golden Century), in the 16th/17th century, Madrid bore little resemblance to other European capitals, as the population of the city was economically dependent on the business of the court itself, and there was no other significant activity.[9] Philip III of Spain Philip III (Spanish: Felipe III) (April 14, 1578 – March 31, 1621) was the king of Spain and Portugal (as Philip II Portuguese: Filipe II), from 1598 until his death. ... For the city in Mexico, see Valladolid, Yucatán. ... The siglo de oro (a Spanish-language phrase meaning century of gold or golden century) is a term that refers to one of the following: The great age of Spanish wealth and power, roughly from the early-to-mid-16th century to early-to-mid-17th century. ...


From 19th century to present day

Petit Palace Alcalá Torre Hotel.
Petit Palace Alcalá Torre Hotel.

In the late 1800s, Isabel II could not suppress the political tension that would lead to yet another revolt, the First Spanish Republic. This was later followed by the return of the monarchy to Madrid, then the creation of the Second Spanish Republic, preceding the Spanish Civil War.[9] Image File history File linksMetadata PlazaCastillaMadrid. ... Image File history File linksMetadata PlazaCastillaMadrid. ... Puerta de Europa from Paseo de la Castellana, with the monument to Calvo-Sotelo in the center. ... Isabella II (October 10, 1830 – April 10, 1904), Isabel II in Spanish, was queen of Spain. ... Flag of the Spanish First Republic The First Spanish Republic lasted only two years, between 1873 and 1874. ... Anthem El Himno de Riego Capital Madrid Language(s) Spanish Government Republic President  - 1931–1936 Niceto Alcalá-Zamora  - 1936–1939 Manuel Azaña Legislature Congress of Deputies Historical era Interwar period  - Monarchy abolished April 14, 1931  - Spanish Civil War 1936–1939  - Republic in exile dissolved July 15, 1977 Currency Spanish... Not to be confused with the Spanish Civil War of 1820-1823. ...


Madrid was one of the most heavily affected cities of Spain by the Civil War (1936–1939). The city was a stronghold of the Republicans from July 1936. Its western suburbs were the scene of an all-out battle in November 1936 and it was during the Civil War that Madrid became the first city to be bombed by airplanes specifically targeting civilians in the history of warfare. (See Siege of Madrid (1936-39)).[9] There have been two Spanish Republics: First Spanish Republic (1873-1874) Second Spanish Republic (1931-1939) Franco declared Spain to be a monarchy, but did not permit a monarch until his death in 1975. ... Madrid during the Civil War The Siege of Madrid was a three year siege of the Spanish capital Madrid, during the Spanish Civil War of 1936-1939. ...


During the dictatorship of Francisco Franco, especially during the 1960s, the south of Madrid became very industrialized and there were massive migrations from rural areas of Spain into the city. Madrid's south-eastern periphery became an extensive working class settlement, which was the base for an active cultural and political reform.[9] Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A dictatorship is an autocratic form of government in which the government is ruled by a dictator. ... Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teódulo Franco y Bahamonde (December 4, 1892 - November 20, 1975), commonly known as Francisco Franco (pronounced ) or Francisco Franco y Bahamonde was leader of Spain from October 1936, as regent of Kingdom of Spain from 1947 until his death in 1975. ... Net migration rates for 2006: positive (blue), negative (orange) and stable (green). ...


After the death of Franco, emerging democratic parties (including those of left-wing and republican ideology) accepted Franco's wishes of being succeeded by Juan Carlos I - in order to secure stability and democracy. This led Spain to its current position as a constitutional monarchy, with Madrid as capital.[9] King Juan Carlos I His Majesty King Juan Carlos I (Juan Carlos Alfonso Víctor María de Borbón y Borbón), styled HM The King (born January 5, 1938), is the reigning King of Spain. ...


Benefiting from increasing prosperity in the 1980s and 1990's, the capital city of Spain has consolidated its position as the first economic, cultural, industrial, educational, and technological center on the Iberian peninsula.[9] The Iberian Peninsula, or Iberia, is located in the extreme southwest of Europe, and includes modern day Spain, Portugal, Andorra and Gibraltar. ...


On 11 March 2004, Madrid was hit by a terrorist attack consisting of a series of bombs placed on four commuter trains during the early morning rush hour. The attack occurred just three days before the 14 March 2004 elections.[10] This was the worst massacre in Spain since the end of the civil war in 1939. Madrid suffered another terrorist attack, on the part of ETA, 30 December 2006. A car bomb exploded in a carpark adjoining Terminal 4 of Madrid Barajas International Airport.[11] is the 70th day of the year (71st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The 2004 Madrid train bombings (also known as 11-M, 3/11, 11/3 and M-11) were a series of coordinated bombings against the commuter train system of Madrid, Spain on the morning of 11 March 2004, which killed 191 people and wounded over 1700. ... is the 73rd day of the year (74th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Police in the damaged parking building. ... For other uses, see ETA (disambiguation). ... is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Police in the damaged parking building. ... New Terminal 4 Interior Madrid Barajas International Airport (IATA: MAD, ICAO: LEMD), located northeast of Madrids city center, is the most important international and domestic gateway in Spain, the Iberian Peninsula and southern Europe. ...


Geography

Topography and climate

Climate chart for Madrid
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
37
 
10
3
 
 
35
 
12
4
 
 
26
 
16
6
 
 
47
 
18
7
 
 
48
 
21
11
 
 
25
 
27
15
 
 
15
 
31
18
 
 
10
 
31
18
 
 
28
 
26
15
 
 
49
 
19
10
 
 
56
 
13
6
 
 
56
 
10
4
temperatures in °Cprecipitation totals in mm

The region of Madrid has a temperate Mediterranean climate (Koppen Csa) with cool winters with temperatures that sometimes drop below 0 °C (32 °F). There are about 2 to 3 snowfalls each year. Summer tends to be hot with temperatures that consistently surpass 30 °C (86 °F) in July and that can often reach 40 °C (104 °F). Due to Madrid's high altitude and dry climate, nightly temperatures tend to be cooler, leading to a lower average in the summer months. These extremes give rise to the saying Nueve meses de invierno, tres meses de infierno (nine months of winter, three months of hell). Precipitation levels are low, but precipitation can be observed all throughout the year. Summer and winter are the driest seasons, with most rainfall occurring in the autumn and spring.[12]  Areas with Mediterranean climate A Mediterranean climate is one that resembles the climate of the lands in the Mediterranean Basin, which includes over half of the area with this climate type world-wide. ... The degree Celsius (°C) is a unit of temperature named after the Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius (1701–1744), who first proposed a similar system in 1742. ... Fahrenheit is a temperature scale named after the German physicist Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686–1736), who proposed it in 1724. ...


Water supply

Madrid derives almost 50 percent from dams and reservoirs built on the Lozoya River, such as the El Atazar Dam. This article is about structures for water impoundment. ... ... El Atazar Dam El Atazar Dam is an arch dam built near Madrid, Spain on the Lozoya River, very close to where it joins the Jarama. ...


Districts

Madrid is administratively divided into 21 districts, which are further subdivided into 128 wards (barrios):[13] Image File history File links Districts_of_Madrid. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 1. ... Palacio Real redirects here. ...

  1. Centro: Palacio, Embajadores, Cortes, Justicia, Universidad, Sol.
  2. Arganzuela: Paseo Imperial, Acacias, Chopera, Legazpi, Delicias, Palos de la Frontera, Atocha.
  3. Retiro: Pacífico, Adelfas, Estrella, Ibiza, Jerónimos, Niño Jesús.
  4. Salamanca: Recoletos, Goya, Fuente del Berro, Guindalera, Lista, Castellana.
  5. Chamartín: El Viso, Prosperidad, Ciudad Jardín, Hispanoamérica, Nueva España, Pza. Castilla.
  6. Tetuán: Bellas Vistas, Cuatro Caminos, Castillejos, Almenara, Valdeacederas, Berruguete.
  7. Chamberi: Gaztambide, Arapiles, Trafalgar, Almagro, Vallehermoso, Ríos Rosas.
  8. Fuencarral-El Pardo: El Pardo, Fuentelarreina, Peñagrande, Barrio del Pilar, La Paz, Valverde, Mirasierra, El Goloso.
  9. Moncloa-Aravaca: Casa de Campo, Argüelles, Ciudad Universitaria, Valdezarza, Valdemarín, El Plantío, Aravaca.
  10. Latina: Los Cármenes, Puerta del Ángel, Lucero, Aluche, Las Águilas, Campamento, Cuatro Vientos.
  11. Carabanchel: Comillas, Opañel, San Isidro, Vista Alegre, Puerta Bonita, Buenavista, Abrantes.
  12. Usera: Orcasitas, Orcasur, San Fermín, Almendrales, Moscardó, Zofio, Pradolongo.
  13. Puente de Vallecas: Entrevías, San Diego, Palomeras Bajas, Palomeras Sureste, Portazgo, Numancia.
  14. Moratalaz: Pavones, Horcajo, Marroquina, Media Legua, Fontarrón, Vinateros.
  15. Ciudad Lineal: Ventas, Pueblo Nuevo, Quintana, La Concepción, San Pascual, San Juan Bautista, Colina, Atalaya, Costillares.
  16. Hortaleza: Palomas, Valdefuentes, Canillas, Pinar del Rey, Apóstol Santiago, Piovera.
  17. Villaverde: San Andrés, San Cristóbal, Butarque, Los Rosales, Los Ángeles (Villaverde).
  18. Villa de Vallecas: Casco Histórico de Vallecas, Santa Eugenia.
  19. Vicálvaro: Casco Histórico de Vicálvaro, Ambroz.
  20. San Blas: Simancas, Hellín, Amposta, Arcos, Rosas, Rejas, Canillejas, Salvador.
  21. Barajas: Alameda de Osuna, Aeropuerto, Casco Histórico de Barajas, Timón, Corralejos.

// Historical data Centro is the old centre of the Villa, its core and from where the city expanded. ... Location of Palos de la Frontera Municipality Huelva Government  - Mayor Carmelo Romero Hernández Area  - City 50 km²  (19. ... Retiro is a district located at the southwest of the city centre of Madrid. ... // Historical Data Salamanca District is located at the northwest of the Historical centre of Madrid. ... Chamartín is an administrative district of Madrid, Spain and consists of the following neighborhoods: El Viso, Prosperidad, Ciudad Jardín, Hispanoamérica, Nueva España, and Pza. ... Tétouan (Arabic: تطوان (meaning eyes in the Berber language)) is the capital and cultural centre of the region Tanja (Tangier) in the north of Morocco, near the Mediterranean Sea. ... Chamberí is a district in Madrid, Spain. ... Peñagrande is a neighborhood at the north of Madrids city centre, in the district of Fuencarral-El Pardo. ... The Casa de Campo is a large urban park situated in Madrid (Spain), next to the Monte de El Pardo. ... Aravaca is a Madrid quarter, belonging to the Moncloa district. ... Latina is one of the districts of Madrid. ... Carabanchel is a neighbourhood in Madrid, Spain. ... Image from satellite of Ciudad Lineal Ciudad Lineal is a district in Madrid divided in areas, which are Ventas (151), Pueblo Nuevo (152), Quintana (153), Concepción (154), San Pascual (155), San Juan Bautista (156), Colina (157), Atalaya (158) y Costillares (159). ... Vallecas is a neighborhood of Madrid composed of two districts: Puente de Vallecas (population 240,917) and Villa de Vallecas (population 65,162). ... San Blas is a district at the east of Madrids city centre, administratively organized in the neighborhoods of Simancas, Hellín, Amposta, Arcos, Rosas, Rejas, Canillejas and Salvador. ... One of the neighborhoods of San Blas district in Madrid, it formerly composed Canillejas old town that was annexed to Madrid in 1949. ...

Architecture

Calle de Alcalá
Calle de Alcalá
Palacio de Comunicaciones
Palacio de Comunicaciones
The Cuatro Torres Business Area in February 2008
The Cuatro Torres Business Area in February 2008
Palacio de Cristal, on the grounds of the Parque del Buen Retiro
Palacio de Cristal, on the grounds of the Parque del Buen Retiro
Palace Hotel
Palace Hotel
Banco Español de Crédito
Banco Español de Crédito

Although the site of Madrid has been occupied since prehistoric times, the first historical data we have from the city is from the middle of the ninth Century, when Mohamed I ordered the construction of a small palace (site occupied now by the Palacio Real). Around this palace there was built a small citadel (al-Mudaina). The palace was built overlooking the River Manzanares, which the muslims called Mayrit meaning source of water (which in turn became Magerit, and then eventually Madrid). The citadel was conquered in 1085 by Alfonso VI in his advance towards Toledo. He reconsecrated the mosque as the church of the Virgin of Almudena (almudin, the garrison's granary), now the Catedral de la Almudena. In 1329 the Cortes first assembled in Madrid to advise Fernando IV. Jews and Moors continued to live in the city in their quarter, still known today as the "Moreria", until they were expelled. The Royal Palace of Madrid and the buildings and monuments of the Paseo del Prado (Salón del Prado and Alcalá Gate) deserve special mention. They were constructed in a sober Baroque international style, often mistaken for neoclassical, by the Bourbon kings Philip V and Charles III. The royal palaces of La Granja de San Ildefonso (in Segovia province) and Aranjuez (south of Madrid), are good examples of baroque integration of architecture and gardening. They have a noticeable French influence (La Granja is known as the "Spanish Versailles"), but with local spatial conceptions which in some ways display the heritage of the Moorish occupation. kljlkjlkj klj lkmkln;k jkl; jk;j l; jl Catedral de la Almudena yo mamas daddys llama Santa María la Real de La Almudena is a Catholic cathedral in Madrid, Spain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2304x1536, 823 KB) Summary Palacio de Correos, City:Madrid, Country:Spain, Autor:San Roman, Jorge E. Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Madrid Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2304x1536, 823 KB) Summary Palacio de Correos, City:Madrid, Country:Spain, Autor:San Roman, Jorge E. Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Madrid Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... The Spanish skyscraper complex, Cuatro Torres, in september 2006: The Torre Repsol (left), the Torre de Cristal (centre) and the Torre Espacio (right). ... Palacio de Cristal, in the Parque del Buen Retiro, Madrid, Spain; taken by Jkiang, June, 2001 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Palacio de Cristal, in the Parque del Buen Retiro, Madrid, Spain; taken by Jkiang, June, 2001 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Monument to Alfonso XII Palacio de Cristal The statue of Fallen Angel The Parque del Buen Retiro named by Madrids king (Park of the Pleasant Retreat) is a large and popular, 1. ... Interior plaza in old Atocha station Exterior of old Atocha station For other uses, see Atocha (disambiguation). ... kljlkjlkj klj lkmkln;k jkl; jk;j l; jl Catedral de la Almudena yo mamas daddys llama Santa María la Real de La Almudena is a Catholic cathedral in Madrid, Spain. ... Palacio Real redirects here. ... Paseo del Prado in Madrid is an important cultural and tourist spot. ... For other uses, see Baroque (disambiguation). ... Philip V can refer to a number of monarchs: Philip V of Macedon (221 BC-179 BC) Philip V of France (1293-1322) Philip V of Spain (1683-1746) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The name Charles III is used to refer to numerous persons in history: Kings: Charles III, Holy Roman Emperor Charles III of France Charles III of Spain Charles III of Hungary (also known as Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor) Charles III of Navarre Charles III of Savoy Charles III of...


Plans for the construction of a new cathedral for Madrid dedicated to the Virgin of Almudena began in the 16th century, but the slow construction did not begin until 1879. Francisco de Cubas, the Marquis of Cubas, was the architect who designed and directed the construction in a Gothic revival style. Construction ceased completely during the Spanish Civil War. The project was abandoned until 1950, when Fernando Chueca Goitia adapted the plans of de Cubas to a neoclassical style exterior to match the grey and white façade of the Palacio Real, which stands directly opposite. and was not completed until 1993, when the cathedral was consecrated by Pope John Paul II. (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... Year 1879 (MDCCCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Victoria Tower at the Palace of Westminster, London: Gothic details provided by A.W.N. Pugin The Gothic revival was a European architectural movement with origins in mid-18th century England. ... Not to be confused with the Spanish Civil War of 1820-1823. ... Late Baroque classicizing: G. P. Pannini assembles the canon of Roman ruins and Roman sculpture into one vast imaginary gallery (1756) Neoclassicism (sometimes rendered as Neo-Classicism or Neo-classicism) is the name given to quite distinct movements in the decorative and visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture that... Palacio Real de Madrid The Palacio Real de Madrid (Royal Palace of Madrid) is the official residence of the King of Spain, located in the Spanish capital of Madrid. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... To consecrate an inaminate object is to dedicate it in a ritual to a special purpose, usually religious. ... Pope John Paul II (Latin: , Italian: , Polish: ) born   IPA: ; 18 May 1920 – 2 April 2005) reigned as the 264th Pope of the Roman Catholic Church and Sovereign of the State of the Vatican City from 16 October 1978, until his death, almost 27 years later, making his the second-longest...


The financial district in downtown Madrid between the streets Raimundo Fernández Villaverde, Orense, General Perón and Paseo de la Castellana Its original conception (and its name) to the "Plan General de Ordenación Urbana de Madrid", approved in 1946. The purpose of this plan was to create a huge block of modern office buildings with metro and railway connections in the expansion area of northern Madrid, just in front of Real Madrid stadium (currently named the Santiago Bernabéu Stadium) and beside the brand new government complex of Nuevos Ministerios. A botanical garden, a library and an opera house were also included in the plans, but these were never built. Cuatro Torres Business Area is a business park currently under construction. The area will contain the tallest skyscrapers in Madrid and Spain (Torre Espacio, Torre de Cristal, Torre Sacyr Vallehermoso and Torre Caja Madrid). The buildings are expected to be finished by 2008/2009. Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Santiago Bernabéu is a football stadium in Madrid, Spain. ... The Spanish skyscraper complex, Cuatro Torres, in september 2006: The Torre Repsol (left), the Torre de Cristal (centre) and the Torre Espacio (right). ... A business park in Santa Barbara County, California A business park or business estate is an area of land in which many office buildings are grouped together. ... Taipei 101, the worlds tallest skyscraper by roof height on high rise. ... Torre Espacio under construction (November 2006). ... Torre de Cristal under construction (November 2006). ... Torre Sacyr Vallehermoso is a 52-floor 236 meter (774 foot) tall skyscraper completed in 2007 located in Madrid, Spain. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... 2009 (MMIX) will be a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Madrid Barajas International Airport Terminal 4, designed by Antonio Lamela and Richard Rogers (winning them the 2006 Stirling Prize), and TPS Engineers, (winning them the 2006 IStructE Award for Commercial Structures) was inaugurated on February 5, 2006. Terminal 4 is one of the world's largest terminal area, with an area of 760,000 square meters (8,180,572 square feet) in two separate terminals. Consisting of a main building, T4 (470,000 square meter), and satellite building, T4S (290,000 square meter), which are separated by approximately 2.5 km. Hong Kong International Airport still holds the title for the world's largest single terminal building (Terminal 1) at 570,000 square meter. The new Terminal 4 is meant to give passengers a stress-free start to their journey. This is managed through careful use of illumination, available by glass panes instead of walls and numerous domes in the roof which allow natural light to pass through. With the new addition, Barajas is designed to handle 70 million passengers annually. New Terminal 4 Interior Madrid Barajas International Airport (IATA: MAD, ICAO: LEMD), located northeast of Madrids city center, is the most important international and domestic gateway in Spain, the Iberian Peninsula and southern Europe. ... For the American composer, see Richard Rodgers. ... 30 St Mary Axe (London, England). ... is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square foot is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 foot (unit of length) long. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... Chek Lap Kok Airport Traditional Chinese: Simplified Chinese: Hong Kong International Airport (IATA: HKG, ICAO: VHHH) is the main airport in Hong Kong. ...


Environment

Madrid is full of green spaces and parkland, in central Madrid the largest park is Parque del Retiro, spreading out to the north-east of Atocha Railway station, which receives the high- speed AVE trains from the south and east as well as Cordoba and Seville. Afonso XII Mausoleum Palacio de Cristal The Parque del Buen Retiro (Park of the Pleasant Retreat) is a large and popular, 140 hectare (350 acre) (1. ...


Parque del Retiro, formerly the grounds of the palace built for Felipe IV, is Madrid’s most popular park. Its large lake in the middle once staged mini naval battles to amuse royalty, these days the more tranquil pastime of pleasure boating is popular. Inspired by London’s crystal palace, the palacio de cristal can be found at the south-eastern end of the park. Philip IV of Spain Philip IV ( Spanish: Felipe IV) ( April 8, 1605 – September 17, 1665) was the king of Spain, from 1621 until his death, and king of Portugal as Philip III ( Portuguese: Filipe III) until 1640. ...


In the Retiro Park is also the Forest of the Departed (Spanish Bosque de los Ausentes), a memorial monument to commemorate the 191 victims of the 11 March 2004 Madrid attacks. Forest of the Departed - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... The 11 March 2004 Madrid attacks (also known as 11/3, 3/11, M-11 and 11-M) were a series of coordinated terrorist bombings against the commuter train system of Madrid, Spain on the morning of 11 March 2004, which killed 191 people and wounded more than 1,800. ...


Atocha Railway Station is not only the city’s first and most central station but also home to a distinctive indoor garden with 4,000 square meters of tropical plants. Atocha station has become a hothouse destination in itself for plant lovers, with more than 500 species of plant life and ponds with turtle and goldfish in, as well as shops and cafes. It's a nice place to visit on a cold or wet day with its even temperature of 24 degrees Celsius, or even on a scorching summer day as a retreat from the heat. Interior plaza in old Atocha station Exterior of old Atocha station For other uses, see Atocha (disambiguation). ...


Casa de Campo is an enormous rural parkland to the west of the city, the largest of all Madrid’s green areas. It’s home to a fairground, zoo and an outdoor municipal pool, to enjoy a bird’s eye view of the park and city take a cable car trip above the tree tops.


The Botanic Garden or Real Jardin Botanico was an 18th century creation by Carlos III, it was used as a base for the plant species being collected across the globe. There is an important research facility that started life as a base to develop herbal remedies and to house the species collected from the new-world trips, today it is dedicated to maintaining Europe’s ecosystem.


The pioneering ecological theme park Faunia, is a natural history museum and zoo combined, aimed at being fun and educational for children. It comprises eight eco-systems from tropical rain forests to polar regions, and contains over 1,500 animals, some of which roam freely


Economy

Economy from Middle Ages to 20th century

In the Middle Ages, the village experienced a big development as a consequence of the establishment of the new capital of the Spanish Empire in Madrid. The administrative functions that it held since then, as well as the centralist character of the government found by the house of Bourbon ("Casa de Borbón" in Spanish) triggered the development of artisan activity, that turned into industrial since the middle of the 19th century, having its major expansion during the 20th century, especially after the Spanish Civil War, but never reaching levels of industrialization in other European capital cities. The economy of the city was then centered on diverse manufacturing industries such as those related to motor vehicles, aircraft, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, processed food, printed materials, and leather goods[14] An anachronous map of the overseas Spanish Empire (1492-1898) in red, and the Spanish Habsburg realms in Europe (1516-1714) in orange. ... Also see:  Early Modern France The House of Bourbon is an important European royal house, a branch of the Capetian dynasty. ... An artisan, also called a craftsman,[1] is a skilled manual worker who uses tools and machinery in a particular craft. ... Not to be confused with the Spanish Civil War of 1820-1823. ...


Economy from 1992 to 2006

Panoramic view of Madrid. In the image, the Barajas Airport and the skyline of the city.
Panoramic view of Madrid. In the image, the Barajas Airport and the skyline of the city.

Madrid is a major centre for international business and commerce. It is one of the largest centres for finance in Europe and the largest in Spain. Despite of the tendency of moving the production centers to industrial parks located in the outskirts of the metropolitan area, the city of Madrid remains as the second most important industrial center in the country, only exceeded by Barcelona. During this period, Madrid experienced a very significant growth in its tertiary activities. In this sense, the importance of the Barajas Airport for the city's economy is remarkable, adding to the administrative and financial functions associated with being the capital of Spain. Construction (housing and public works such as the ring structure of roads and trains system) has constituted a major pillar of the economy up to 2006. Nevertheless, Madrid, like the rest of the country, is lagging behind the rest of Europe in the introduction of new technologies.[15] In addition, inflation in Spain above European average over this period has made Madrid and the rest of the country lose competitiveness. Barajas International Airport in Madrid, Spain, is that countrys most important international and domestic getaway center. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal (City of Counts) Postal code 08001–08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... Barajas International Airport in Madrid, Spain, is that countrys most important international and domestic getaway center. ...


Nevertheless, regarding the city's Economic environment, it has also been stated that despite the growth of the economy of the country as a whole has been moderated compared to the last two quarters, the economy of the Autonomous Region of Madrid continued to grow in the second quarter of the year, above the rate for Spain as a whole, and for the EMU, reaching a year-on-year increase of 4.2%. The growth outlook for the city of Madrid points to a year-on-year increase of 4.0% in 2006[16] which makes Madrid one of the most dynamic and thriving cities in the European Union.[17] For the concept in general, see economic and monetary union. ...


Demographics

Year Total
municipality
Total
province
Percent
(%)
1897 542,739 730,807 74.27
1900 575,675 773,011 74.47
1910 614,322 831,254 73.90
1920 823,711 1.048.908 78.53
1930 1,041,767 1,290,445 80.73
1940 1,322,835 1,574,134 84.04
1950 1,553,338 1,823,418 85.19
1960 2,177,123 2,510,217 86.73
1970 3,120,941 3,761,348 82.97
1981 3,158,818 4,686,895 67.40
1991 3,010,492 4,647,555 64.78
2001 2,938,723 5,423,384 54.19
2005 3,155,359 5,964,143 52.90

The population of Madrid has been generally increasing ever since the city became the national capital several hundred years ago.


From around 1970 until the mid 1990s, the city's population dropped (see chart). This phenomenon, which also affected Barcelona and other European cities, was caused in part by the growth of satellite suburbs at the expense of the downtown. Another reason might have been the slowdown in the rate of growth of the European economy.


The demographic boom accelerated in the late 1990s and early 2000s due to international immigration, in response to a strong pick-up in Spanish economic growth. For example, according to census data, the population of the city grew by 271,856 between 2001 and 2005.[18][19] Theoretical Human population increase from 10,000 BC – AD 2000. ...


As the capital city of Spain, the city has attracted many immigrants from around the world. While more than 85% of the inhabitants are Spaniards of different backgrounds and ethnicities, there are many recent immigrants who come from Latin America, Europe, Asia, North Africa and West Africa. Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ...  Northern Africa (UN subregion)  geographic, including above North Africa or Northern Africa is the northernmost region of the African continent, separated by the Sahara from Sub-Saharan Africa. ...  Western Africa (UN subregion)  Maghreb[1] West Africa or Western Africa is the westernmost region of the African continent. ...


The largest immigrant groups include: Ecuadorian: 104,184, Romanian: 52,875, Colombian: 35,971, Peruvian: 34,083, Chinese: 21,666, and Moroccan: 12,498. There are also important communities of Guinean, Bolivian and Filipino people.[20] The Republic of Ecuador is a country in northwestern South America, bounded by Colombia on the north, by Peru on the east and south, and by the Pacific Ocean on the west. ... The Republic of Colombia is a country in north-western South America. ... The Kingdom of Morocco is a country in northwest Africa. ... Language(s) Filipino, Bikol, Cebuano, English, Hiligaynon, Ilokano, Kapampangan, Pangasinan, Tagalog, Tausug, Waray-Waray, and over 100 others Religion(s) Predominantly Roman Catholic Various smaller Christian denominations Significant Muslim minority, Buddhist, others Related ethnic groups Dayak, Indonesian, Malaysian, and all Non-Muslim Indo-Malays Filipinos are the citizens of the...


Government

Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón
Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón
See also: List of mayors of Madrid

The new democracy heralded a successful movement towards increased autonomy for the regions of Spain, considered as autonomous regions, under the umbrella of Spain. Madrid is administratively divided into twenty-one districts, that, at the same time, are divided into different neighborhoods (barrios):[1] Centro: Palacio, Embajadores, Cortes, Justicia, Universidad, Sol. ... This is a list of mayors (alcaldes) of Madrid since 1900. ... An autonomous (subnational) entity is a subnational entity that has a certain amount of autonomy. ... Autonomous communities of Spain. ...


The Municipal Corporation consists of 55 Concejales (councillors), one of them being the Alcalde (Mayor)- currently Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón Jiménez. Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón Jiménez (born December 11, 1958) is a Spanish politician and current mayor of Madrid. ...


The Plenary session, integrated by the Mayor and the Councillors, is the organ of political representation of the citizens in the municipal government. Some of its attributions are: fiscal matters, the election and destitution of the Mayor, the approval and modification of decrees and regulations, the approval of budgets, the agreements related to the limits and alteration of the municipal term, the services management, the participation in supramunicipal organizations, etc.[21]


Madrid has tended to be a stronghold of the People's Party, which has controlled the city's mayoralty since 1989. The Peoples Party (Spanish: Partido Popular, PP) is the largest right-wing political party in Spain. ...


Culture

Madrid is one of Spain's most popular destinations and is renowned for its large quantity of cultural attractions. Prose is writing distinguished from poetry by its greater variety of rhythm and its closer resemblance to everyday speech. ...


Galleries

Madrid is considered one of the top European destinations concerning art museums. Best known is the Golden Triangle of Art, located along the Paseo del Prado and comprising three museums. The most famous one is the Prado Museum, the most popular Golden Triangle of Art member known for such highlights as Diego Velázquez's Las Meninas and Francisco de Goya's La maja vestida and La maja desnuda. The other two museums are the Thyssen Bornemisza Museum, established from a mixed private collection, and the Reina Sofia Museum. This is where Pablo Picasso's Guernica hangs, after returning to Spain from New York more than two decades Paseo del Prado in Madrid is an important cultural and tourist spot. ... Bold text The Museo del Prado is a famous museum and art gallery located in Madrid; the capital of Spain. ... For others named Velázquez, see Velazquez (disambiguation). ... Las Meninas (also known as The Maids of Honour) is a painting by the Spanish artist Diego Velázquez. ... This article is about Francisco Goya, a Spanish painter. ... La Maja Vestida La Maja Vestida is a painting by Spanish painter Francisco de Goya in 1800–1805. ... La maja desnuda (The Nude Maja) is an oil painting on canvas by the master Spanish painter, Francisco de Goya, that portrays a nude woman reclining on a bed of pillows. ... The Museo Thyssen Bornemisza is an art gallery in Madrid. ... The Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía (MNCARS) is the official name Spains national museum of 20th century art (informally shortened to the Museo Reina Sofía or Queen Sofia Museum). ... Picasso redirects here. ... Guernica is a painting by Pablo Picasso, depicting the Nazi German bombing of Guernica, Spain, by twenty-eight bombers, on April 26, 1937 during the Spanish Civil War. ...

Museo del Prado, the world's largest collection of paintings.
Museo del Prado, the world's largest collection of paintings.
Museo Reina Sofía.
Museo Reina Sofía.
Museo Thyssen.
Museo Thyssen.

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 962 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Foto tomada por mí el 9 de noviembre de 2004 con una Canon Powershot A75 Pictures taken by me on November, nineth, 2004 with a... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 962 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Foto tomada por mí el 9 de noviembre de 2004 con una Canon Powershot A75 Pictures taken by me on November, nineth, 2004 with a... Bold text The Museo del Prado is a famous museum and art gallery located in Madrid; the capital of Spain. ...

Museums

Bold text The Museo del Prado is a famous museum and art gallery located in Madrid; the capital of Spain. ... The National Archaeological Museum (Spanish: Museo Arqueológico Nacional) of Spain is in Madrid, beside the Plaza de Colón (Columbus Square), sharing its building with the National Library. ... The main entrance The Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía (MNCARS) is the official name Spains national museum of 20th century art (informally shortened to the Museo Reina Sofía, Queen Sofia Museum, or simply The Sofia). ... The Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza is an art gallery in Madrid. ... This is Spains most prestigious art institution. ...

Art and literature study centers

Classical Music and Opera

  • The Spanish National Orchestra performs every Friday, Saturday and Sunday at the Auditorio Nacional de Musica.
  • The RTVE Symphony Orchestra performs on Thursdays and Fridays at the Teatro Monumental.
  • Teatro Real is the main Opera House.
  • Teatro de la Zarzuela is devoted mainly to Zarzuela and Operetta.
  • Other Orchestras and ensembles in Madrid: Orquesta Sinfonica de Madrid, Orquesta Sinfonica de la Comunidad de Madrid, Orquesta de Camara Reina Sofia.

The Orquesta Nacional de España (Spanish National Orchestra) is the largest symphonic orchestra in Madrid. ... The RTVE Symphony Orchestra (Orquesta Sinfónica de RadioTelevisiónEspañola or Orquesta Sinfónica de Radio Televisión Española), also known as the Spanish Radio and Television Symphony Orchestra or the Spanish Radio TV Symphony Orchestra) is a Spanish orchestra servicing RTVE, the Spanish national broadcasting network. ... Teatro Real The Teatro Real (literally Royal Theater) or simply The Real (as it is known colloquialy), is an opera house located in Madrid, Spain. ... New York State Theater, Lincoln Center, home of the New York City Opera Bolshoi Theatre. ... For other uses, see Zarzuela (disambiguation). ... Operetta is a genre of light opera, light in terms both of music and subject matter. ...

City attractions

Madrid view from Faro de Moncloa
Madrid view from Faro de Moncloa

Other nearby towns are popular as day trips from Madrid, including Toledo, Segovia, Ávila, Aranjuez, Alcalá de Henares, the monastery and palace complex of El Escorial, the former summer home of the royal family at Aranjuez, El Atazar Dam, El Pardo and Chinchón. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3072x2040, 4062 KB) Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Metropolis Madrid Global city Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3072x2040, 4062 KB) Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Metropolis Madrid Global city Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... Plaza Mayor with the Casa de la Panadería to the left The Plaza Mayor is a central plaza in the city of Madrid, Spain. ... Gran Via is an ornate and upscale shopping center in Madrid. ... History El Monasterio de las Descalzas Reales, literally the Monastery of Barefoot Royals, resides in the former palace of Carlos I and Isabel of Portugal. ... Palacio Real redirects here. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Temple of Debod. ... El Rastro is the most popular open air flea market in Madrid (Spain). ... Puerta del Sol, from left to right, the House of the Post Office, Calle Mayor and the statue of Charles III The Puerta del Sol (Spanish for Gate of the Sun) is one of the most well known and busiest places in Madrid. ... Monument to Alfonso XII Palacio de Cristal The statue of Fallen Angel The Parque del Buen Retiro named by Madrids king (Park of the Pleasant Retreat) is a large and popular, 1. ... Las Ventas bullring Las Ventas is a famous bullring in Madrid. ... Torre España communications tower Torre España is a 231-metre steel-and-concrete television tower in Madrid, Spain, in Quinta Fuente del Berro. ... The Faro de Moncloa is a 100 metre high transmission tower with an observation deck at the Plaza de Moncloa, Madrid, Spain. ... Puerta de Europa from Paseo de la Castellana, with the monument to Calvo-Sotelo in the center. ... The Puerta de Alcalá is a monument in the Plaza de la Independencia (Independence Square) in Madrid (Spain), very close to the city centre and several metres away from the main entrance to the Parque del Buen Retiro. ... AZCA from Paseo de la Castellana. ... Glorieta de Bilbao Glorieta de Bilbao is a star shaped roundabout located in Madrid, Spain; named after the city of Bilbao. ... The Santiago Bernabéu is a football stadium in Madrid, Spain. ... The Vicente Calderón Stadium (Spanish: Estadio Vicente Calderón) in Madrid, Spain, is the home stadium for Club Atlético de Madrid. ... Statue of Cybele in a chariot drawn by lions, in the Plaza de Cíbeles, Madrid The Plaza de Cibeles is an attractive square featuring a beautiful sculpture and fountains that have been adopted as a symbol for the city of Madrid, Spain. ... Teatro Real The Teatro Real (literally Royal Theater) or simply The Real (as it is known colloquialy), is an opera house located in Madrid, Spain. ... For other uses, see Toledo (disambiguation). ... The factual accuracy of part of this article is disputed. ... This article is about the Spanish city. ... Aranjuez is a town in the southern part of Autonomous Community of Madrid in central Spain and is the southernmost, and 48 km south of the city of Madrid. ... Location Location of Alcalá Coordinates : 40º28’N , 3º22’W Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Alcalá de Henares (Spanish) Spanish name Alcalá de Henares Founded Preromanian Postal code 28. ... // El Escorial, the Royal Monastery of San Lorenzo El Real (also known as the Monasterio de El Escorial or simply El Escorial) is located about 45 kilometres (28 miles) northwest of the Spanish capital, Madrid. ... Aranjuez is a town in the southern part of Autonomous Community of Madrid in central Spain and is the southernmost, and 48 km south of the city of Madrid. ... El Atazar Dam El Atazar Dam is an arch dam built near Madrid, Spain on the Lozoya River, very close to where it joins the Jarama. ... Palacio Real de El Pardo is a Spanish royal palace near Madrid. ... This article is about the Madrid town. ...


Nightlife

Madrid's emblem: el oso y el madroño, a favorite meeting place at Puerta del Sol
Madrid's emblem: el oso y el madroño, a favorite meeting place at Puerta del Sol

Madrid is notable for its nightlife and night clubs. On weekends, Madrilenian youth are famous for dancing all night long, stopping only to have some chocolate con churros at dawn, go home, take a shower, shave (or not), and go to work. What is also popular is the practice of meeting in parks or streets with friends and drinking alcohol together (this is called 'botellón', from 'botella', bottle), but in recent years, drinking in the street is punished with a fine and now young madrileños drink together all around the city instead of in more well known places. Many places host bands (concerts in Madrid[22]). Nightlife and young cultural awakening flourished after the death of Franco, especially during the 80s while Madrid's mayor Enrique Tierno Galván was in office. This new movement was called la movida and it initially gathered around Plaza del Dos de Mayo (Malasaña area). Some of the most popular night destinations include the neighbourhoods of: Bilbao, Tribunal, Alonso Martinez or Moncloa, together with Puerta del Sol area (including Opera and Gran Via, both adjacent to the popular square) and Huertas (barrio de Las Letras), destinations which are also filled with tourists day and night. The gay district of Chueca has also become a hot spot in the Madrilenian night life, not only for gay people but also for straight people looking for fun in their crowded clubs and popular discos. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (482x614, 94 KB) Summary madrid picture Licensing Template:Jortegag Template:Licensed File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (482x614, 94 KB) Summary madrid picture Licensing Template:Jortegag Template:Licensed File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Puerta del Sol, from left to right, the House of the Post Office, Calle Mayor and the statue of Charles III The Puerta del Sol (Spanish for Gate of the Sun) is one of the most well known and busiest places in Madrid. ... A churro is a sweet, fried pastry food, popular in Spain, Mexico, Brazil, and the Spanish doughnut or Mexican doughnut. ... Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teódulo Franco y Bahamonde (December 4, 1892 - November 20, 1975), commonly known as Francisco Franco (pronounced ) or Francisco Franco y Bahamonde was leader of Spain from October 1936, as regent of Kingdom of Spain from 1947 until his death in 1975. ... La Movida Madrileña (The Madrilene movement) is a sociocultural movement that took place in Madrid during the 1980s, triggered by an explosion of liberties after the death of Fascist dictator Francisco Franco, and the economic rise of Spain. ... The entrance to Chueca metro station in the Plaza de Chueca, during gay pride week Chueca is a neighbourhood in Madrid. ...

Bullfighting

Madrid hosts the largest Plaza de Toros (bullring) in Spain, Las Ventas, established in 1929. Las Ventas is considered by many to be the world center of bullfighting and has a seating capacity of almost 25,000. Madrid's bullfighting season begins in March and ends in October. Bullfights are held every day during the festivities of San Isidro (Madrid's patron saint) from the middle of March to the middle of June, and every Sunday, and public holiday, the rest of the season. The style of the plaza is Neomudéjar. Las Ventas also hosts music concerts and other events outside of the bullfighting season. Las Ventas bullring Las Ventas is a famous bullring in Madrid. ... Saint Isidore the Farmer (c1070 - May 15, 1130) is the Catholic patron Saint of farmers and of Madrid. ... Teruel: Tower of the Cathedral, one of ten Mudéjar monuments of Aragón that comprise the World Heritage Site The Courtyard of the Dolls in the Alcázar of Seville Tower of the Santa maría church in Calatayud Las Ventas, Madrids Neo-Mudéjar bullfighting ring Mud...


Local festivities

  • May 15, San Isidro Labrador (Madrid's patron saint).
  • June 13, San Antonio de la Florida.
  • July 16-25, Virgen del Carmen festivities (Patron saint of the sea).
  • August 6-15, Virgen de la Paloma festivities (Madrid's patron saint)
  • August 7, San Cayetano (Cascorro neighbourhood's patron saint).
  • August 10, San Lorenzo (Lavapiés neighbourhood's patron saint).
  • November 9, Virgen de la Almudena festivities (Madrid's patron saint).

is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 164th day of the year (165th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 197th day of the year (198th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 206th day of the year (207th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 218th day of the year (219th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the day of the year. ... is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Sports

Club Sport League Venue
Real Madrid Football La Liga Santiago Bernabéu
Atlético Madrid Football La Liga Vicente Calderón
Rayo Vallecano Football Segunda B Teresa Rivero
Real Madrid Baloncesto Basketball ACB league Palacio Vistalegre
MMT Estudiantes Basketball ACB league Madrid Arena

Madrid is home to Real Madrid, the world's most successful football club in the 20th Century (according to FIFA),[23][24] which plays in the Estadio Santiago Bernabéu. Its supporters are referred to as vikingos, vikings, or, more commonly, merengues, meringues. Its hometown rival, Atlético Madrid, is also well supported in the city, and its supporters are called los sufridores, the sufferers. The players are referred to as colchoneros, mattresses, in reference to the teams red & white jerseys having been determined by mattress material being the cheapest at the time of the club's formation. Madrid's contribution to the sport is further noticed by the fact that it hosted the 1982 FIFA World Cup final. Along with Barcelona, Glasgow, Lisbon and Istanbul, Madrid is one of five cities in Europe to contain two UEFA 5-star stadia: Real Madrid's Santiago Bernabéu and Atlético Madrid's Vicente Calderón both meet the criteria. Real Madrid redirects here. ... Soccer redirects here. ... (Professional Football League), commonly known as the Primera División or simply La Liga, is the top professional football league in Spain. ... The Santiago Bernabéu is a football stadium in Madrid, Spain. ... Club Atlético de Madrid is a Spanish football club based in Madrid. ... Soccer redirects here. ... (Professional Football League), commonly known as the Primera División or simply La Liga, is the top professional football league in Spain. ... The Vicente Calderón Stadium (Spanish: Estadio Vicente Calderón) in Madrid, Spain, is the home stadium of Atlético Madrid football club. ... Rayo Vallecano de Madrid, often abbreviated to Rayo, is a Spanish Segunda División B football club based in Vallecas, a neighborhood in South East Madrid. ... Soccer redirects here. ... Category: ... Real Madrid Baloncesto is a Spanish basketball team. ... This article is about the sport. ... The ACB (Asociación de Clubs de Baloncesto) is the premier professional basketball league in Spain. ... Vistalegre is an arena in Madrid, Spain. ... Club Name Club Baloncesto Estudiantes Image Founded 1948 Arena Madrid Arena Capacity 10. ... This article is about the sport. ... The ACB (Asociación de Clubs de Baloncesto) is the premier professional basketball league in Spain. ... This article needs to be wikified. ... Real Madrid redirects here. ... Soccer redirects here. ... This article is about the international association football organization. ... The Santiago Bernabéu is a football stadium in Madrid, Spain. ... Club Atlético de Madrid is a Spanish football club based in Madrid. ... The 1982 FIFA World Cup, the 12th staging of the World Cup, was held in Spain from June 13 to July 11. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal (City of Counts) Postal code 08001–08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... For other uses, see Glasgow (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Lisbon (disambiguation). ... Istanbul (Turkish: , Greek: , historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see other names) is Turkeys most populous city, and its cultural and financial center. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... The UEFA Stadia List is a ranking of football stadia compiled by UEFAs Stadia and Security Committee. ... Santiago Bernabéu Yeste was born June 8, 1895 in Almansa, province of Albacete, Spain and died June 2, 1978 in Madrid. ... The Vicente Calderón is the home stadium for Club Atletico de Madrid, it is located in the heart of Madrid by the banks of the River Manzanares. ...


The city is also host to two basketball teams in the Asociación de Clubs de Baloncesto (ACB league), and the Circuito Permanente Del Jarama, a motorsport race circuit which formerly hosted the Formula One Spanish Grand Prix. This article is about the sport. ... The ACB (Asociación de Clubs de Baloncesto) is the premier professional basketball league in Spain. ... The Circuito permanente del Jarama (Permanent circuit of the Jarama) is a 3. ... Auto racing (also known as automobile racing or autosport) is a sport involving racing automobiles. ... F1 redirects here. ... The Spanish Grand Prix (Gran Premio de España) is a Formula One race currently held at the Circuit de Catalunya in Barcelona, Spain as part of the annual Formula One championship season. ...


Historically, the city serves as the last stage of the Vuelta a España cyclist classic in the same way as Paris does in the Tour de France. The Vuelta a España bicycle race is one of the three Grand Tours of Europe. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... For other uses, see Tour de France (disambiguation). ...


Skiing is possible in the nearby mountains of the Sierra de Guadarrama, where the ski resorts of Valdesqui and Navacerrada are located. Cross-country skiing (skating style) in Einsiedeln, Switzerland. ... Satellite Map of the Sierra de Guadarrama. ... A ski area is a place where one goes to participate in the sports of skiing and snowboarding. ... View of the pistes from the base. ...


The city bid for hosting the 1972 and 2012 Summer Olympics, which were lost to Munich and London respectively. Nevertheless, Madrid is currently bidding to host the 2016 Summer Olympics. The 1972 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XX Olympiad, were held in Munich, West Germany, from 26 August to 11 September 1972. ... London 2012 redirects here. ... For other uses, see Munich (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... The 2016 Summer Olympics, officially the Games of the XXXI Olympiad, is a major international sports and cultural festival to be celebrated in the tradition of the Olympic Games as governed by the International Olympic Committee. ...


Education

Main article: Education in Spain

State Education in Spain is free and compulsory from 6 to 16 years. The current education system is called LOGSE (Ley de Ordenación General del Sistema Educativo).[25] This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Levels

  • From 3 to 6 years - Educación Infantil (Preparatory School)
  • From 6 to 12 years - Educación Primaria (Primary School) Years, 1º, 2º, 3º, 4º, 5º and 6º
  • From 12 to 16 years - Educación Secundaria Obligatoria (Compulsory Secondary School) Years, 1º, 2º, 3º, 4º
  • From 16 to 17 years - Bachillerato (Post-Compulsory School), years 1º, 2º

Children from 3 to 5 years old in Spain have the option of attending the infantil (popularly known as prescolar) or Pre-school stage, which is non-compulsory and free for all students. It is regarded as an integral part of the education system with infantil classes in almost every primary school. There are some separate Colegios Infantiles or nursery schools. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Day care. ...


Spanish students aged 6 to 16 undergo primary (Colegio) and secondary school (Instituto) education, which are compulsory and free of charge. Successful students are awarded a Secondary Education Certificate, which is necessary for entering further (optional) education as is Bachillerato for their University or Formacion Professional (Vocational Studies). Once students have finished their Bachillerato, they can take their University Entrance Exam (Pruebas de Acceso a la Universidad, popularly called Selectividad) which differs greatly from region to region. A primary school in Český Těšín, Czech Republic. ... Secondary school is a term used to describe an institution where the final stage of compulsory schooling, known as secondary education, takes place. ...


The secondary stage of education is normally referred to by their initials, eg. ESO or Educación Secundaria Obligatoria for secondary education.


Universities

Madrid is home to a large number of public and private universities. Some of them are among the oldest in the world.

Original building, Alcalá de Henares: The Complutense University was based here until 1836.
Original building, Alcalá de Henares: The Complutense University was based here until 1836.

The Complutense University of Madrid is one of the most prestigious, and the largest, university in Spain and one of the oldest universities in the world. It has 10,000 staff members and a student population of 117,000. Nearly all academic staff are Spanish. It is located on two campuses, in the university quarter Ciudad Universitaria at Moncloa in Madrid, and in Somosaguas.[26] The Complutense University of Madrid was founded in Alcala de Henares, old Complutum, by Cardinal Cisneros in 1499. Nevertherless, its real origin dates back from 1293, when King Sancho IV of Castile built the General Schools of Alcalá, which would give rise to Cisnero's Complutense University. During the course of 1509-1510 five schools were already operative: Artes y Filosofía (Arts & Philosophy), Teología (Theology), Derecho Canónico (Canonical Laws), Letras (Liberal Arts) and Medicina (Medicine). In 1836, during the reign of Isabel II, the University was moved to Madrid, where it took the name of Central University and was located at San Bernardo Street. Subsequently, in 1927, a new university area was planned to be built in the district of Moncloa-Aravaca, in lands handed over by the King Alfonso XIII to this purpose. The Spanish Civil War turned the "Ciudad Universitaria" into a war zone, causing the destruction of several schools in the area, as well as the loss of part of its rich scientific, artistic and bibliographic heritage. In 1970 the Government reformed the High Education, and the Central University became the Complutense University of Madrid. It was then when the new campus at Somosaguas was created in order to house the new School of Social Sciences. The old Alcala campus was reopened as the independent UAH. Compultense also serves to the population of students who select Madrid as their residency during their study abroad period. Students from the United States for example, might go to Madrid on a program like API (Academic Programs International) and study at Compultense for an intense immersion into the Spanish Language. The beautiful setting of the campus allows students living temporarily in Madrid to have access to all of the city's public features including Retiro Park, El Prado Museum, and much more. After studying at the University, students return home with a fluent senese of Spanish as well as culture and diversity. University of Alcalá in 1977.[27] Image File history File links Universidad_de_Alcala. ... Image File history File links Universidad_de_Alcala. ... UCM redirects here. ... Alcal de Henares is a Spanish city. ... Isabella II (October 10, 1830 – April 10, 1904), Isabel II in Spanish, was queen of Spain. ... Alfonso XIII of Spain (May 17, 1886 - February 28, 1941), King of Spain, posthumous son of Alfonso XII of Spain, was proclaimed King at his birth. ... Not to be confused with the Spanish Civil War of 1820-1823. ... The plateresque facade of the university. ...


Another important university is the Autonoma, perhaps Spain's best university for research along with Complutense, was instituted under the leadership of the famous physicist, Nicolás Cabrera. The Autonoma is widely recognised for its research strengths in theoretical physics. Known simply as la Autónoma in Madrid, its main site is the Cantoblanco Campus, situated 15 kilometers to the north of the capital (M-607) and close to the municipal areas of Madrid, namely Alcobendas, San Sebastián de los Reyes, Tres Cantos and Colmenar Viejo. Located on the main site are the Rectorate building and the Faculties of Science, Philosophy and Fine Arts, Law, Economic Science and Business Studies, Psychology, Higher School of Computing Science and Engineering, and the Faculty of Teacher Training and Education. The Medical School is sited outside the main site and beside the Hospital Universitario La Paz.[28] The Autonomous University of Madrid (Spanish: Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, UAM) came into being in 1968 when it had 5 main departments: Science; Political Science; Economics; Law; and Philosophy. ... Nicolás Cabrera (1913-1989), was Spanish scientist who did important work on the theories of crystal growth (specifically the Burton-Cabrera-Frank theory) and the oxidisation of metals. ... Alcobendas city of the Comunidad de Madrid (Spain). ... San Sebastián de los Reyes (usually called Sanse) is a city of the Comunidad de Madrid (Spain). ... Tres Cantos is a township and municipality located in the autonomous community of Madrid, Spain, some 22 km north of the capital city, Madrid. ... Colmenar Viejo is a town of about 40,000 inhabitants, located in the autonomous community of Madrid, Spain, 30 kilometers north of Madrid by highspeed road M-607. ...


Other local universities, among many others, are the Technical University of Madrid, as the result of merging the different Technical Schools of Engineering; the Universidad de Alcalá de Henares, rebuilt at Alcalá de Henares in 1975; the Carlos III, whose philosophy is to create responsible free-thinking people with a sensitivity to social problems and an involvement in the concept of progress based on freedom, justice and tolerance and the Universidad Pontificia Comillas, involved in a number of academic exchange programmes, work practice schemes and international projects with over 200 Higher Education Institutions in Europe, Latin America, North America and Asia. The Technical University of Madrid (Spanish: , UPM), is a Spanish university, located in Madrid. ... The University of Alcalá de Henares (Spanish: Universidad de Alcalá de Henares) is an institute of higher learning located in the city of Alcalá de Henares, to the east of Madrid in Spain. ... Location Location of Alcalá Coordinates : 40º28’N , 3º22’W Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Alcalá de Henares (Spanish) Spanish name Alcalá de Henares Founded Preromanian Postal code 28. ... Sabatini building in Leganes Campus Universidad Carlos III de Madrid is a public University built in Madrid, Spains municipalities Leganés,Colmenarejo and Getafe. ... The Comillas Pontifical University (Spanish: Universidad Pontificia Comillas) is one of the most distinguished academic institutions in Spain. ...


Other universities in Madrid: Rey Juan Carlos University (public), Universidad Alfonso X, Universidad Antonio de Nebrija, Universidad Camilo José Cela, Universidad Francisco de Vitoria, Universidad Europea de Madrid, Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca Campus de Madrid, Saint Louis University (Madrid Campus) and Universidad San Pablo CEU (all of them private). The Rey Juan Carlos University (Spanish: , URJC) is a public university located in Madrid (Spain), whose name refers to king Juan Carlos I of Spain. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...


Madrid is also home to the Escuela Superior de Música Reina Sofía, the Real Conservatorio Superior de Música de Madrid and many other private educational institutions. The Escuela Superior de Música Reina Sofía (The Reina Sofía School of Music) is a music college founded in Madrid in 1991 by Paloma OShea. ... Madrid Conservatory (in Spanish: Real Conservatorio Superior de Música de Madrid) is a music school in Madrid, Spain. ...


Transport

Air

Barajas Airport
Barajas Airport
Chamartín Metro Station
Chamartín Metro Station

Madrid is served by Barajas International Airport. Barajas is the main hub of Iberia Airlines. It consequently serves as the main gateway to the Iberian peninsula from Europe, America and the rest of the world. Current passenger volumes range upwards of 52 million passengers per year, putting it in the top 10 busiest airports in the world.[29] Given annual increases close to 10%, a new fourth terminal has been constructed. It has significantly reduced delays and doubled the capacity of the airport to more than 70 million passengers per year. Two additional runways have also been constructed, making Barajas a fully operational four-runway airport. Barajas International Airport, located in Madrid, is Spains most important international and domestic getaway center. ... Barajas International Airport, located in Madrid, is Spains most important international and domestic getaway center. ... An airline hub is an airport that an airline uses as a transfer point to get passengers to their intended destination. ... Airbus A319-100 McDonnell Douglas MD-88 Iberia Airlines or Iberia, full name Iberia Airlines of Spain (Spanish: ), (IBEX-35:IBLA) is the largest airline of Spain, based in Madrid and is the Spanish flag carrier. ... Worlds busiest airport is a claim that is fiercely fought over by the owners of the worlds largest airports. ...

Main article: Madrid´s future airports

The Councillor of Transports of the Madrid´s Community, Manuel Lamela, recently announced that the city will also be served by two new airports which are expected to be fully operative in 2016, first of them will be located in Campo Real, it will be initially be used for cargo flights, but also as hub for low-cost companies, and the second one, expected to be built between the two municipalities of El Álamo and Navalcarnero, which will only take over the routes operating in Cuatro Vientos aerodrome.


National Rail

Main article: Cercanías Madrid

Spain's railway system, the Red Nacional de Ferrocarriles Españoles (Renfe) operates the vast majority of Spain's railways. In Madrid, the main rail terminals are Atocha in the south and Chamartín in the north. Cercanías Madrid is the commuter rail service who serves Madrid, the capital of Spain, and its metropolitan area. ... Map of the Spanish rail network as it was in 2005, with colour-coded track types A new Cercanías Civia unit near Puerto Real (Cádiz) AVE Class 100 train at Cordoba station Renfe Operadora is the state-owned company which operates freight and passenger trains on the 1668... Interior plaza in old Atocha station Exterior of old Atocha station For other uses, see Atocha (disambiguation). ... Chamartín is an administrative district of Madrid, Spain and consists of the following neighborhoods: El Viso, Prosperidad, Ciudad Jardín, Hispanoamérica, Nueva España, and Pza. ...


The crown jewel of Spain's next decade of infrastructure construction is the Spanish high speed rail network, Alta Velocidad Española AVE. Currently, an ambitious plan includes the construction of a 7,000 kilometre (4,350 mi) network, centered on Madrid. The overall goal is to have all important provincial cities be no more than 4 hours away from Madrid, and no more than 6 hours away from Barcelona. As of 2008, AVE high-speed trains link Atocha station to Seville, Málaga and Toledo in the south and to Zaragoza, Tarragona and Barcelona in the east. AVE trains also arrive to Valladolid. For other uses, see AVE (disambiguation). ... “Miles” redirects here. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal (City of Counts) Postal code 08001–08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... For other uses, see AVE (disambiguation). ... TGV Réseau class, Marseille St-Charles station This page is about high speed rail in general. ... For other uses, see Seville (disambiguation). ... Location of Málaga Government  - Mayor Francisco de la Torre Prados Area  - Total 385. ... For other uses, see Toledo (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Zaragoza (disambiguation). ... Tarragona (IPA: in Catalan) is a city located in the south of Catalonia, northeastern Spain, by the Mediterranean Sea. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal (City of Counts) Postal code 08001–08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... For other uses, see AVE (disambiguation). ... For the city in Mexico, see Valladolid, Yucatán. ...


RENFE offers:

For other uses, see AVE (disambiguation). ... Alaris are commuter train networks that cover Madrid-Valencia and Valencia-Madrid. ... Altaria is the brand name of the regular rail service operated by the Spanish national railway company RENFE connecting Madrid to Algeciras, Alicante, Barcelona, Cádiz, Cartagena, Huelva, Irún, Logroño, Pamplona, and Vitoria. ... Tilting Amtrak Cascades passenger cars use the Talgo design. ...

Metro

Main article: Madrid metro
A modern metro train (type 8000).
A modern metro train (type 8000).

Serving a population of some four million, the Madrid Metro is one of the most extensive and fastest-growing metro networks in the world.[30] With the addition of a loop serving suburbs to Madrid's south-west "Metrosur", it is now the second largest metro system in Western Europe, second only to London's Underground. In 2007 Madrid's metro system was expanded and it currently runs over 322 kilometers (200 miles) of line. The province of Madrid is also served by an extensive commuter rail network called Cercanías. The Madrid Metro is the large metro subway system serving the city of Madrid. ... Image File history File links Red_de_metro_de_Madrid. ... Image File history File links Red_de_metro_de_Madrid. ... The Madrid Metro is the large metro subway system serving the city of Madrid. ... A modern metro train (type 8000) on line 8 (at Colombia station) of Madrid Metro, July 2002. ... A modern metro train (type 8000) on line 8 (at Colombia station) of Madrid Metro, July 2002. ... The Madrid Metro is the large metro subway system serving the city of Madrid. ... A rapid transit, underground, subway, tube, elevated, or metro(politan) system is a railway — usually in an urban area — with a high capacity and frequency of service, and grade separation from other traffic. ... A current understanding of Western Europe. ... The London Underground is a rapid transit system that serves a large part of Greater London and some neighbouring areas of Essex, Hertfordshire and Buckinghamshire. ... A Connex commuter train stands by the platform in Melbourne, Australia Regional rail systems, or commuter rail systems, usually provide a rail service through a central business district area into suburbs or other locations that draw large numbers of people on a daily basis. ... Cercanías are commuter train networks that cover major metropolitan areas in Spain. ...


See also

The 2004 Madrid train bombings (also known as 11-M, 3/11, 11/3 and M-11) were a series of coordinated bombings against the commuter train system of Madrid, Spain on the morning of 11 March 2004, which killed 191 people and wounded over 1700. ... Forest of the Departed - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... This is a list of mayors (alcaldes) of Madrid since 1900. ... The Large Cities Climate Leadership Group is a group of cities committed to the reduction of urban carbon emissions and adapting to climate change. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www.ine.es/ Instituto Nacional de Estadística (National Statistics Institute)
  2. ^ "Madrid", Tourismofspain.org, July 10, 2006. 
  3. ^ DeCarlo, Scott. "The World's 2000 Largest Public Companies", Forbes, 2006-03-30. Retrieved on 2007-01-16. 
  4. ^ "Madrid: mmmm", Easy expat, August 11, 2006. 
  5. ^ "Indicadores Socioeconómicos: Comunidad de Madrid", Ministerio de Administraciones Públicas, August 11, 2006. 
  6. ^ a b c d El Madrid Medieval (Medieval Madrid). Includes Pre-historic, roman and medieval up to the Catholic Monarchs times. (Spanish). History of Madrid.. José Manuel Castellanos. Retrieved on 2007-10-28.
  7. ^ "El origen del nombre.", JLL & JRP, August 16, 2006. 
  8. ^ http://elmadridmedieval.jmcastellanos.com/ Pre-historic times in Madrid (Spanish Only)
  9. ^ a b c d e f g Madrid, de territorio fronterizo a región metropolitana. Madrid, from being the "frontier" to become a Metropole. (Spanish). History of Madrid.. Luis Enrique Otero Carvajal (Profesor Titular de Historia Contemporánea. Universidad Complutense. Madrid). Retrieved on 2007-10-28.
  10. ^ http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/2004/madrid.bombing/ Madrid bombing CNN special
  11. ^ http://edition.cnn.com/2006/WORLD/europe/12/30/madrid.blast/ Barajas blast CNN World
  12. ^ http://www.wunderground.com./global/SP.html Wunderground Forecast for Spain
  13. ^ "División Administrativa de Madrid", Verdad-11M, July 9, 2006. 
  14. ^ "Overview: Economy of Madrid", EasyExpat, August 16, 2006. 
  15. ^ http://www.talesmag.com/rprweb/the_rprs/europe/realposts_madrid.shtml
  16. ^ "Economic Barometer", www.esmadrid.com, January 25, 2007. 
  17. ^ "economia madrileña", www.madrid.org, January 25, 2007. 
  18. ^ http://img.photobucket.com/albums/v200/maurice27/CensusMadridCommunity.jpg Census Madrid Community (PagePrint from the INE (National Statistics Institute)
  19. ^ http://img.photobucket.com/albums/v200/maurice27/CensusCityofMadrid.jpg Census City of Madrid (PagePrint from the INE (National Statistics Institute)
  20. ^ Foreign Population in the city of madrid. A study by the Dirección General de Estadística of the municipality of Madrid
  21. ^ Pleno de Madrid (Spanish Only)
  22. ^ Mondosonoro - Bandas en Madrid
  23. ^ Real Madrid stays at the top
  24. ^ Deloitte Football Money League
  25. ^ http://www.mec.es/educa/sistema-educativo/loe/sistema-educativo-loe.html Sistema Educativo LOE by the Spanish Ministry of Education(Spanish Only)
  26. ^ "Universidad Complutense", Missouri-St. Louis University, July 10, 2006. 
  27. ^ "Universidad Complutense de Madrid", UCM, July 10, 2006. 
  28. ^ "Universidad Autónoma", Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, July 10, 2006. 
  29. ^ http://www.airports.org/aci/aci/file/Press%20Releases/2007_PRs/PR060307_PrelimResults2006.pdf Preliminary Air Traffic Results for 2006 from Airports Council International
  30. ^ "Madrid Metro", Robert Schwandl, August 17, 2006. 

is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Forbes (disambiguation). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 89th day of the year (90th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Find more about Madrid on Wikipedia's sister projects:
Dictionary definitions
Textbooks
Quotations
Source texts
Images and media
News stories
Learning resources

Coordinates: 40°24′N, 3°41′W Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Nations. ... World Book Capital is a title bestowed by UNESCO to a city in recognition of the quality of its programs to promote books and reading and the dedication of all players in the book industry. ... This article is about the city in Egypt. ... , This article is about the capital city of India. ... For other uses, see Antwerp (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (well-being through harmony) Coordinates: , Country Province Region Montréal Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - City 365. ... Torino redirects here. ... Bogota redirects here. ... For other uses, see Amsterdam (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Lebanese city. ... The Madrid Metropolitan Area. ... Location Location of Alcalá Coordinates : 40º28’N , 3º22’W Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Alcalá de Henares (Spanish) Spanish name Alcalá de Henares Founded Preromanian Postal code 28. ... Alcobendas city of the Comunidad de Madrid (Spain). ... Alcorcón is a city of the metropolitan area of Madrid which as of the first of January 2004 had a population of 156,592. ... Aranjuez is a town in the southern part of Autonomous Community of Madrid in central Spain and is the southernmost, and 48 km south of the city of Madrid. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Brunete is a place outside Madrid, Spain. ... Ciempozuelos is a town in Spain. ... Cobeña is a small town of c. ... Collado Villalba is a municipality of Madrid, Spain. ... Colmenar Viejo is a town of about 40,000 inhabitants, located in the autonomous community of Madrid, Spain, 30 kilometers north of Madrid by highspeed road M-607. ... Coslada It is a city of autonomous community of Madrid. ... Fuenlabrada is a city that is part of the Madrid metropolitan area in Spain. ... Galapagar is a town northwest from Madrid, Spain. ... Location Location of Getafe Coordinates : 40° 18’N , 3°43′0″W Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Getafe (Spanish) Spanish name Getafe Founded 1326 Postal code 28901-28909 Area code 34 (Spain) + 91 (Madrid) Website http://www. ... Country      Spain Comunity autónoma      Community of Madrid Province Province of Madrid Postal code 28230 y 28290 Prefix telephone (+34) 91 Mayor Bonifacio de Santiago (Partido Popular) United with Zourouate y Villebon Length 3º 86 West Latitude 40º 47 North Altitude media : 718 m Area 59,14 km² Census 76. ... Leganés streets Leganés is a town in central Spain. ... Majadahonda is a municipality in Spain, situated 16 km northwest of Madrid, in the Community of Madrid. ... Mejorada del Campo is a town located about 20km from Madrid. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Location [[Image:=|250px]] Location of Parla Coordinates : 40° 14’N , 3°16′0″W Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Villa de Parla (Spanish) Spanish name Villa de Parla Founded 1326 Postal code 28980 Area code 34 (Spain) + 91 (Madrid) Website http://www. ... Pinto is a town at the south of Madrid External links Pinto City Hall ... Pozuelo de Alarcón is an over 75,000 inhabitants suburb near the city of Madrid, capital of Spain. ... San Sebastián de los Reyes (usually called Sanse) is a city of the Comunidad de Madrid (Spain). ... Town belonging to the urban area of Madrid In Spain. ... Tres Cantos is a township and municipality located in the autonomous community of Madrid, Spain, some 22 km north of the capital city, Madrid. ... Villanueva de la Cañada is a municipality in Spain, located 30 km north-east of Madrid. ... Villaviciosa de Odón is a township and municipality in the autonomous community of Madrid (Communidad de Madrid), Spain. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Community_of_Madrid. ... Capital Madrid Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 12th  8,030. ... Location Location of Alcalá Coordinates : 40º28’N , 3º22’W Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Alcalá de Henares (Spanish) Spanish name Alcalá de Henares Founded Preromanian Postal code 28. ... Alcobendas city of the Comunidad de Madrid (Spain). ... Alcorcón is a city of the metropolitan area of Madrid which as of the first of January 2004 had a population of 156,592. ... Aranjuez is a town in the southern part of Autonomous Community of Madrid in central Spain and is the southernmost, and 48 km south of the city of Madrid. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Batres is a small town in Spain. ... Brunete is a place outside Madrid, Spain. ... Camarma de Esteruelas is a Spanish village. ... Carabaña is a small municipality in the Comunidad de Madrid (Spain). ... This article is about the Madrid town. ... Ciempozuelos is a town in Spain. ... Collado Mediano is a town in Spain. ... Collado Villalba is a municipality of Madrid, Spain. ... Colmenar Viejo is a town of about 40,000 inhabitants, located in the autonomous community of Madrid, Spain, 30 kilometers north of Madrid by highspeed road M-607. ... Colmenarejo is a town in Spain. ... Coslada It is a city of autonomous community of Madrid. ... // El Escorial, the Royal Monastery of San Lorenzo El Real (also known as the Monasterio de El Escorial or simply El Escorial) is located about 45 kilometres (28 miles) northwest of the Spanish capital, Madrid. ... Fuenlabrada is a city that is part of the Madrid metropolitan area in Spain. ... Galapagar is a town northwest from Madrid, Spain. ... Location Location of Getafe Coordinates : 40° 18’N , 3°43′0″W Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Getafe (Spanish) Spanish name Getafe Founded 1326 Postal code 28901-28909 Area code 34 (Spain) + 91 (Madrid) Website http://www. ... Guadarrama is a town in the Community of Madrid in Spain. ... Leganés streets Leganés is a town in central Spain. ... Majadahonda is a municipality in Spain, situated 16 km northwest of Madrid, in the Community of Madrid. ... Manzanares el Real is a 6,140 inhabitant town in the northern area of the autonomous Comunidad de Madrid. ... For other uses, see MECO. Location Coordinates : Time Zone : General information Native name Meco (Spanish) Spanish name Villa de Meco Administration Country Autonomous Community Madrid Province Madrid Geography Land Area km² Altitude 673 m AMSL Population Population 10774 (2005) Density hab. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Miraflores de la Sierra (Spanish) Spanish name Miraflores de la Sierra Website http://www. ... Los Molinos is a census-designated place located in Tehama County, California. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Navalcarnero is a municipality in Madrid (province), (Spain). ... Location [[Image:=|250px]] Location of Parla Coordinates : 40° 14’N , 3°16′0″W Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Villa de Parla (Spanish) Spanish name Villa de Parla Founded 1326 Postal code 28980 Area code 34 (Spain) + 91 (Madrid) Website http://www. ... Pinto is a town at the south of Madrid External links Pinto City Hall ... Pozuelo de Alarcón is an over 75,000 inhabitants suburb near the city of Madrid, capital of Spain. ... Country      Spain Comunity autónoma      Community of Madrid Province Province of Madrid Postal code 28230 y 28290 Prefix telephone (+34) 91 Mayor Bonifacio de Santiago (Partido Popular) United with Zourouate y Villebon Length 3º 86 West Latitude 40º 47 North Altitude media : 718 m Area 59,14 km² Census 76. ... San Agustín del Guadalix is a town in Spain, located in the north of the Comunidad de Madrid near to the Sierra del Guadarrama. ... The facade of the chapel, in the baroque style of Jesuit churches, is integrated with the palatial facade El Escorial is an immense palace, monastery, museum, and library complex located at San Lorenzo de El Escorial (also San Lorenzo del Escorial), a town 45 kilometres northwest of Madrid in the... San Martín de Valdeiglesias is a town in Spain. ... San Sebastián de los Reyes (usually called Sanse) is a city of the Comunidad de Madrid (Spain). ... Sevilla la Nueva is a town in Spain. ... Somosierra is a mountain pass in the Sierra de Guadarrama north of Madrid in Spain. ... Soto del Real, whose former name was Chozas de la Sierra, is a 7,110 inhabitant town in the northern area of the autonomous Comunidad de Madrid. ... Tres Cantos is a township and municipality located in the autonomous community of Madrid, Spain, some 22 km north of the capital city, Madrid. ... Valdemorillo is a municipality in the province and autonomous community of Madrid, Spain. ... Villabilla is a town in Spain. ... Villanueva de la Cañada is a municipality in Spain, located 30 km north-east of Madrid. ... Villaviciosa de Odón is a township and municipality in the autonomous community of Madrid (Communidad de Madrid), Spain. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Community_of_Madrid. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...



  Results from FactBites:
 
Madrid - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4645 words)
Madrid is the capital and the largest city in Spain, as well as in the province and the autonomous community of the same name.
Madrid has also expressed its desire to become an Olympic city, and in that way it became a candidate for the 2012 games, which finally won London after Madrid was eliminated in the third round of the ballot.
Aravaca is an upper-class residential suburb in the northwest of Madrid.
Madrid, Spain (3191 words)
Madrid closed out the 19th century with the same feeling of defeat felt by the rest of Spain over the loss of the Philippines, Cuba and Puerto Rico, the last remaining colonies of the Spanish Empire.
In Madrid in fact, the only building representative of this movement is the Palacio de Longoria, currently the headquarters of the Sociedad General de Autores, and a good example of the changes taking place architecturally at the turn of the century.
Madrid slowly woke up from the post-war period and undertook an urban plan to try and repair a lot of the buildings affected by the war.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m