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Encyclopedia > Madre de Dios region

Madre de Dios is a region in southeastern Peru, bordering Brazil, Bolivia and the Peruvian regions of Puno, Cusco and Ucayali. Its capital is the city of Puerto Maldonado. The name of the region is a very common Spanish-language designation for the Virgin Mary, literally meaning Mother of God. The Political division of Peru has changed from time to time, beginning during the time after the nation obtained independence from Spain, until the present-day country. ... Puno is a department in Peru. ... See other Peruvian regions President Carlos R. Cuaresma Capital Cusco Area 71,986. ... Categories: Stub | Departments of Peru ... Puerto Maldonado is a city in the southern parts of Peru, founded originally for the collection of wild rubber. ... This article is about the international language known as Spanish. ... A traditional Catholic image of the Blessed Virgin Mary, displaying her Immaculate Heart The Blessed Virgin Mary, sometimes shortened to The Blessed Virgin, is a traditional title specifically used by Roman and Eastern Catholics, Anglo-Catholics, Eastern Orthodox and others to describe Mary, the mother of Jesus. ...

Región Madre de Dios
Coat of arms of the Madre de Dios region, Peru
Location of the Madre de Dios region in Peru
See other Peruvian regions
President Rafael Ríos
Capital Puerto Maldonado
Area 85,300.54 km²
Population
  - Total
  - Density

99 452 (2002 estimate)
1.2/km²
Subdivisions 3 provinces and 10 districts
Elevation
  - Lowest
  - Highest

183 m (Puerto Maldonado)
500 m (Mouth of Manu River)
Latitude
Longitude
9º55'33" S to 88883º2004" S
68º39'27" W to 77º22'27" W
Main resources Cotton, coffee, sugar cane, cacao beans, Brazil nuts, palm oil, gold, rice, coconut, wood.
Poverty rate 36.7%
Percentage of country's GDP 0.37%
Dialing code 082
ISO 3166-2 PE-MDD
Official website: www.regionmadrededios.gob.pe
Lake Sandoval
Lake Sandoval

Contents

Image File history File links Madre_de_Dios_region_coat_of_arms. ... Image File history File links Location_of_Madre_de_Dios_region. ... The Political division of Peru has changed from time to time, beginning during the time after the nation obtained independence from Spain, until the present-day country. ... Abraham Lincoln, 16th President of the United States (1861-1865) The majority of this article is about heads of states. ... In politics, a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has a second meaning based on an alternative sense of capital) is the principal city or town associated with a countrys government. ... Puerto Maldonado is a city in the southern parts of Peru, founded originally for the collection of wild rubber. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... The Manu is a river in southeastern Peru. ... Latitude, usually denoted symbolically by the Greek letter φ, gives the location of a place on Earth north or south of the Equator. ... Longitude, sometimes denoted by the Greek letter λ, describes the location of a place on Earth east or west of a north-south line called the Prime Meridian. ... Natural resources are naturally occuring substances that are considered valuable in their relatively unmodified (natural) form. ... Cotton ready for harvest. ... A cup of coffee // Coffee is one of the most widely consumed beverages in the world. ... Species Ref: ITIS 42058 as of 2004-05-05 Sugarcane is one of six species of a tall tropical southeast Asian grass (Family Poaceae) having stout fibrous jointed stalks whose sap at one time was the primary source of sugar. ... Binomial name Theobroma cacao L. For the town in French Guiana, see Cacao, French Guiana. ... Binomial name Bertholletia excelsa Humb. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Atomic mass 196. ... Species Oryza glaberrima Oryza sativa Rice is two species (Oryza sativa and Oryza glaberrima) of grass, native to tropical and subtropical southern & southeastern Asia and to Africa, which together provide more than one fifth of the calories consumed by humans[1]. (The term wild rice can refer to wild species... Binomial name Cocos nucifera L. The Coconut Palm (Cocos nucifera) is a member of the Family Arecaceae (palm family). ... Trunks A tree trunk as found at the Veluwe, The Netherlands Wood is derived from woody plants, notably trees but also shrubs. ... A boy from an East Cipinang trash dump slum in Jakarta, Indonesia shows his find. ... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... Image File history File links Sandoval_Lake. ... Image File history File links Sandoval_Lake. ...

Geography

The region is almost entirely low-lying Amazonian rainforest. The climate is warm and damp, with average temperatures around 26º C (max. 34º C, min 21º C). The rainy season is from December to March, when torrential rainfall causes rivers to swell and often burst their banks. Annual precipitation can be as much as 3 metres. River in the Brazilian Amazon Rainforest The Amazon Rainforest (in Portuguese, Floresta Amazônica or Amazônia — and in Spanish, Selva Amazónica) is a moist broadleaf forest in the Amazon Basin of South America. ... Rainforests are forests characterized by high rainfall, with definitions setting minimum normal annual rainfall between 1750 mm and 2000 mm. ...


The south-western boundary with the Cusco Region is known as the Isthmus of Fitzcarrald, a series of small mountains that separate the Madre de Dios River and the Urubamba River. See other Peruvian regions President Carlos R. Cuaresma Capital Cusco Area 71,986. ... The Madre de Dios River, homonymous to the Peruvian region it runs through, then becomes the Beni River in Bolivia and then turns northward into Brazil, where it is called the Madeira River. ... The Urubamba River in Peru, a partially navigable headwater of the River Amazon, rises in the Andes to the south-east of Cuzco near the Puno region border (where it is called the Vilcanota) and flows north-north-west for 724 Kilometers before coalescing with the Apurimac River to form...


The most important rivers are those in the Madre de Dios River watershed: The Madre de Dios River, homonymous to the Peruvian region it runs through, then becomes the Beni River in Bolivia and then turns northward into Brazil, where it is called the Madeira River. ... A drainage basin is the area within the drainage basin divide (yellow outline), and drains the surface runoff and river discharge (blue lines) of a contiguous area. ...

Due to the vast size of the area and its low population density, rivers provide the best way of getting from one town to another. Human activity is invariably confined to riverbanks. A number of explorers have searched for the lost city of Paititi in the jungle within the region The Manu is a river in southeastern Peru. ... The Heath River, which runs from the Andes surrounding Lake Titicaca northwards to the Madre de Dios River, marks the natural border between Peru and Bolivia. ... The Acre River is a 650km long river in central South America. ... Paititi refers to the legendary lost city said to lie east of the Andes, hidden somewhere within the remote rain forests of southeast Peru, northern Bolivia, and southwest Brazil. ...


The only road of note is between Puerto Maldonado and the city of Cuzco (530 km away). However, it is in very poor condition and flights between Cuzco and Puerto Maldonado remain the most common and reliable method of transport between the two. From Puerto Maldonado there is a road to the mining town of Laberinto ("Labyrinth") (about 50 km long). There is also a road between Cuzco and the town of Atalaya. It is roughly 300 km long, and impassable in the rainy season. Cuzco (often spelled Cusco, less frequently Qosqo or Qusqu) is a city in southeastern Peru, near the Urubamba Valley (Sacred Valley) of the Andes mountain range. ...


Economy, Natural Resources and Environment

Madre de Dios depends heavily on natural products and raw materials for its economy. There is virtually no manufacturing industry. The main agricultural products are:

  1. Cotton
  2. Coffee
  3. Sugarcane
  4. Cacao beans
  5. Brazil nuts
  6. Palm oil

Gold mining is the only other large industry of the region, confined mainly to the beaches of the Inambari and Madre de Dios Rivers. While this presented a minor environmental problem in the past due to the use of mercury without proper precautions, these issues have largely been eliminated. Few gold miners continue to use mercury and those who do exercise great care, although this is due to the very expensive cost of mercury rather than a respect for the enviroment. Education and better handling practices have been credited with recent testing results that have indicated mercury levels in the Inambari and Madre de Dios rivers have dropped to near zero. Cotton ready for harvest. ... A cup of coffee // Coffee is one of the most widely consumed beverages in the world. ... Species Saccharum arundinaceum Saccharum bengalense Saccharum edule Saccharum officinarum Saccharum procerum Saccharum ravennae Saccharum robustum Saccharum sinense Saccharum spontaneum Sugarcane or Sugar cane (Saccharum) is a genus of 6 to 37 species (depending on taxonomic interpretation) of tall grasses (family Poaceae, tribe Andropogoneae), native to warm temperate to tropical regions... Binomial name Theobroma cacao L. For the town in French Guiana, see Cacao, French Guiana. ... Binomial name Bertholletia excelsa Humb. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Atomic mass 196. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... The Madre de Dios River, homonymous to the Peruvian region it runs through, then becomes the Beni River in Bolivia and then turns northward into Brazil, where it is called the Madeira River. ... General Name, Symbol, Number mercury, Hg, 80 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 12, 6, d Appearance silvery white Atomic mass 200. ... General Name, Symbol, Number mercury, Hg, 80 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 12, 6, d Appearance silvery white Atomic mass 200. ... General Name, Symbol, Number mercury, Hg, 80 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 12, 6, d Appearance silvery white Atomic mass 200. ... General Name, Symbol, Number mercury, Hg, 80 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 12, 6, d Appearance silvery white Atomic mass 200. ... The Madre de Dios River, homonymous to the Peruvian region it runs through, then becomes the Beni River in Bolivia and then turns northward into Brazil, where it is called the Madeira River. ...


Other serious environmental problems in the region include loss of forest cover for agriculture, illegal selective logging (particularly for mahogany) and illegal poaching of endangered species (particularly the Giant River Otter, Amazonian turtles, caimans, and monkeys and macaws as pets). Loggers on break, c. ... The name mahogany was first used for wood of Swietenia mahagoni, later also for the wood of the closely related Swietenia macrophylla. ... For other uses, see Poaching (disambiguation). ... An endangered species is a species whose population is so small that it is in danger of becoming extinct. ... Genera Alligator Caiman Melanosuchus Paleosuchus Alligators and caimans are reptiles closely related to the crocodiles and forming the family Alligatoridae (sometimes regarded instead as the subfamily Alligatorinae). ... For other uses, see Monkey (disambiguation). ... Genera Ara Anodorhynchus Cyanopsitta Propyrrhura Orthopsittaca Diopsittaca Macaws are large colorful New World parrots, classified into six of the many Psittacidae genera: Ara, Anodorhynchus, Cyanopsitta, Propyrrhura, Orthopsittaca, and Diopsittaca. ...


The national bird of Peru, the near-extinct Cock-of-the-rocks, is also found in Madre de Dios and suffers from poaching and habitat disturbance. Species Rupicola rupicola Rupicola peruviana The Cock-of-the-rock, genus Rupicola, is a South American cotingid bird. ...


Political division

Map of the Madre de Dios Region
Map of the Madre de Dios Region

The region is divided into three provinces (provincias, singular: provincia), which are composed of 10 districts (distritos, singular: distrito). The provinces, with their capitals in parenthesis, are: Image File history File links Map_of_Madre_de_Dios_Region. ... Image File history File links Map_of_Madre_de_Dios_Region. ... A province is a territorial unit, almost always a country subdivision. ... Local government areas called districts are used, or have been used, in several countries. ...

Puerto Maldonado is a city in the southern parts of Peru, founded originally for the collection of wild rubber. ...

External links

Political division of Peru

Amazonas | Ancash | Apurímac | Arequipa | Ayacucho | Cajamarca | Callao | Cusco | Huancavelica | Huánuco | Ica | Junín | La Libertad | Lambayeque | Lima | Loreto | Madre de Dios | Moquegua | Pasco | Piura | Puno | San Martín | Tacna | Tumbes | Ucayali The Political division of Peru has changed from time to time, beginning during the time after the nation obtained independence from Spain, until the present-day country. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Peru_(state). ... Amazonas is a region in northern Peru. ... See other Peruvian regions President Ricardo Narváez Soto Capital Huaraz Largest city Chimbote Area 35,039. ... See other Peruvian regions President Luis Barra Capital Abancay Area 20,895. ... See other Peruvian regions President Daniel Vera Capital Arequipa Largest city Area 63,345. ... Ayacucho is a region of Peru, located in the south-central Andes of the country. ... Cajamarca is a department in Peru. ... Categories: Departments of Peru ... See other Peruvian regions President Carlos R. Cuaresma Capital Cusco Area 71,986. ... Huancavelica is a department in Peru. ... Huánuco is a region in central Peru. ... Ica is a region in Peru. ... Junín is a region in the central highlands of Peru. ... La Libertad is a region in northwestern Peru. ... Lambayeque is a region in northwestern Peru, known for its rich Chimú and Moche historical past. ... The Lima Region, also known as Lima Provincias, is one of twenty-five regions in Peru. ... Loreto is Perus northernmost region. ... Moquegua is one of the 25 regions of Peru. ... Pasco is a department in Peru. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Puno is a department in Peru. ... San Martín is a region in Peru. ... Tacna is Perus southernmost region. ... Tumbes is a coastal region in northwestern Peru. ... Categories: Stub | Departments of Peru ...

The Lima Province is not part of any of the twenty-five regions.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Madre de Dios Region - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (502 words)
Madre de Dios is a region in southeastern Peru, bordering Brazil, Bolivia and the Peruvian regions of Puno, Cusco and Ucayali.
The south-western boundary with the Cusco Region is known as the Isthmus of Fitzcarrald, a series of small mountains that separate the Madre de Dios River and the Urubamba River.
The region is divided into three provinces (provincias, singular: provincia), which are composed of 10 districts (distritos, singular: distrito).
WWF | WWF in Action | AREAS Project | Freshwater Research | Details (690 words)
The steep slopes of the target Madre de Dios headwaters and the region's lack of commercial fishermen have made this effort difficult.
Therefore, assuming that migratory catfish in the Madre de Dios Basin spawn at the same approximate altitudes as populations in the Ucayali Basin, we will apply the extensive local natural history knowledge of commercial fishermen in the Ucayali to help establish spawning altitudes in the Andes.
As the aguajales in the Madre de Dios region appear to be filled mostly by rainforest stream water, their waters are usually acidic and ecologically strikingly different than the alkaline and turbid main river.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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