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Encyclopedia > Madonna and Child
In Jörg Breu the Younger's painting, the Madonna and Child fix the spectator with a gaze that invites the pious to contemplation and prayer
In Jörg Breu the Younger's painting, the Madonna and Child fix the spectator with a gaze that invites the pious to contemplation and prayer

The Madonna and Child is one of the central icons of Christianity. After some initial resistance and controversy, the formula "Mother of God" (Theotokos) was adopted officially by the Christian Church at the Council of Ephesus, 431. The earliest representations of Mother and Child were developed in the Eastern Empire. where despite an iconoclastic strain in culture that rejected physical representations as "idols", respect for venerated images was expressed in the repetition of a narrow range of highly conventionalized types, the repeated images familiar as icons (Greek "image"). The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... Madonna with child, oil on wood (larch-tree), 0. ... The Savior (1410s, by Andrei Rublev) For other senses of this word, see icon (disambiguation). ... Christianity is a monotheistic religion centered on the life, teachings, and actions of Jesus, the Christ, as recounted in the New Testament. ... Theotokos of Kazan Theotokos (Greek Θεοτόκος) is a title of Mary, the mother of Jesus. ... The Council of Ephesus was held in Ephesus, Asia Minor in 431 under Emperor Theodosius II, grandson of Theodosius the Great. ... Illustration of the Beeldenstorm during the Dutch reformation Literally, iconoclasm is the destruction of religious icons and other symbols or monuments, usually for religious or political motives. ... The neutrality of this article is disputed. ... The Savior (1410s, by Andrei Rublev) For other senses of this word, see icon (disambiguation). ...


In the West, hieratic Byzantine models were closely followed in the Early Middle Ages, but with the increased importance of the cult of the Virgin in the 12th and 13th centuries a wide variety of types developed to satisfy a flood of more intensely personal forms of piety. In the usual Gothic and Renaissance formulas the Virgin Mary sits with the Infant Jesus on her lap, or enfolded in her arms. In earlier representations the Virgin is enthroned, and the Child may be fully aware, raising his hand to offer blessing. In a 15th century Italian variation, a baby John the Baptist looks on. Saint Mary and Saint Mary the Virgin both redirect here. ... Jacopo Bellinis Madonna and Child Blessing depicts the infant Jesus in the act of blessing the viewer The Child Jesus is a religious archetypal symbol based on the activities of Jesus as an infant up to the age of twelve that recurs throughout history starting from around the 3rd... The Baptism of Christ, by Piero della Francesca, 1449 John the Baptist (also called John the Baptizer or Yahya the Baptizer) is regarded as a prophet by at least three religions: Christianity, Islam, and Mandaeanism. ...


Late Gothic sculptures of the Virgin and Child may show a standing virgin with the child in her arms. Iconography varies between public images and private images supplied on a smaller scale and meant for personal devotion in the chamber: the Virgin suckling the Child (such as the Madonna Litta) is an image largely confined to private devotional icons. Iconography is the study and interpretation of images in art. ... A breastfeeding infant Kittens nursing. ... The Madonna Litta is one of the great paintings by Leonardo da Vinci. ...

Madonna and Child (also known as the Stroclet Madonna or Stroganoff Madonna) is a panel painting by Italian Renaissance artist Duccio di Buoninsegna. ... Maestà (Madonna with Angels and Saints) (1308-11) Tempera on wood, 214 x 412 cm Museo dellOpera del Duomo, Siena Duccio di Buoninsegna (1255, Siena - 1319, Siena) was the most influential Sienese artist of his time and one of the key figures in the development of European painting. ... Events Beginning of the Renaissance. ... The Doge Leonardo Loredan Giovanni Bellini (c. ... Events and Trends battle of Avenches 1476 Prominent Persons Nicolaus Copernicus, Polish astronomer and mathematician A map of Europe in the 1470s. ... The Virgin and Child with St. ... Leonardo da Vinci (Vinci, Italy, April 15, 1452 – May 2, 1519, Cloux, France) was an Italian Renaissance polymath: an architect, musician, anatomist, inventor, engineer, sculptor, geometer, and painter. ... The Benois Madonna Madonna and Child with Flowers, otherwise known as the Benois Madonna, could be one of two Madonnas started by Leonardo da Vinci, as he remarked himself, in October 1478. ...

External link

  • Metroplitan Museum: The cult of the Virgin Mary in the Middle Ages

  Results from FactBites:
 
ArtLex on Madonnas (1224 words)
Madonna with Saints, 1505, altar painting: oil on wood, transferred to canvas, 158 1/2 x 102 1/2 inches (402 x 273 cm), church of St. Zaccaria, Venice.
Madonna with saints and members of the Pesaro family, 1519-26, altar-painting: oil on canvas, 188 1/8 x 104 3/4 inches (478 x 266 cm), Church of Sta Maria dei Frari, Venice.
Is this a Madonna or an analogy to a Madonna?
Madonna and child - The Madonna interview - MSNBC.com (1514 words)
Madonna: With all the chaos, pain and suffering in the world, the fact that my adoption of a child from who was living in an orphanage, you know, was the number one story for a week in the world.  To me, that says more about our inability to focus on the real problems.
Madonna: I said, “Well, does that mean that you can adopt a child if there’s a living parent?”  And they said as long as you get a written consent.  And even then, I was a little bit freaked out about it.  Like, “I don’t wanna take anybody’s child away from them,” you know.
Madonna says she believes part of the reason she came under such heavy criticism was because of the color of David’s skin.
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