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Encyclopedia > Madonna (entertainer)
Madonna
Madonna
Madonna
Background information
Birth name Madonna Louise Ciccone
Also known as Madonna
Born August 16, 1958 (1958-08-16) (age 49)
Bay City, Michigan, United States
Origin New York City, United States
Genre(s) Pop
Dance
Electronica
New wave
R&B
Occupation(s) Singer-songwriter, record producer, film producer, film director, musician, fashion designer, dancer, author, actress
Instrument(s) Vocals, guitar, percussion
Years active 1982–present
Label(s) Artist Nation (2008),
Warner Bros. (1982-2008),
Maverick (1992-2004),
Sire (1982-1994)
Website www.madonna.com

Madonna Louise Ciccone Ritchie (born August 16, 1958), better known as Madonna, is an American pop singer-songwriter, dancer, record, film producer, actress and a fashion icon. She is a multiple Grammy and Golden Globe-award winner, known for her ambitious music videos, stage performances and use of political, sexual, and religious themes in her work. Madonna is commonly referred to as the "Queen of Pop" in the media. Look up Madonna in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Image File history File links Madonnact. ... is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Bay City is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan located near the base of the Saginaw Bay on Lake Huron. ... Official language(s) None (English, de-facto) Capital Lansing Largest city Detroit Largest metro area Metro Detroit Area  Ranked 11th  - Total 97,990 sq mi (253,793 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 491 miles (790 km)  - % water 41. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Pop music (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Electronica refers to a wide range of contemporary electronic music designed for a wide range of uses, including foreground listening, some forms of dancing, and background music for other activities; but unlike electronic dance music, is not specifically focused on the dance floor. ... New Wave was a rock music and pop genre and movement that existed during the late 1970s and the early-to-mid 1980s. ... Rhythm and blues (or R & B) is a musical marketing term introduced in the United States in the late 1940s by Billboard magazine. ... The term singer-songwriter refers to performers who both write and sing their own material. ... In the music industry, a record producer (or music producer) has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the musicians, organizing and scheduling production budget and resources, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes. ... The film director, on the right, gives last minute direction to the cast and crew, whilst filming a costume drama on location in London. ... “Instrumentalist” redirects here. ... Fashion design is the applied art dedicated to the design of clothing and lifestyle accessories created within the cultural and social influences of a specific time. ... For other uses, see Dance (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Author (disambiguation). ... Actors in period costume sharing a joke whilst waiting between takes during location filming. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... In music a singer or vocalist is a type of musician who sings, i. ... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... Percussion instruments are played by being struck, shaken, rubbed or scraped. ... In the music industry, a record label is a brand and a trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos. ... Live Nation NYSE: LYV is a concert company based in the United States of America. ... Warner Bros. ... Maverick Recording Company, is an American record label owned and operated by Warner Music Group, and distributed through Warner Bros. ... Sire Records Company is an American record label, owned by Warner Music Group and distributed through Warner Bros. ... is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Pop music (disambiguation). ... The term singer-songwriter refers to performers who both write and sing their own material. ... A contemporary dancer rehearsing in a dance studio Dance generally refers to human movement either used as a form of expression or presented in a social, spiritual or performance setting. ... In the music industry, a record producer (or music producer) has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the musicians, organizing and scheduling production budget and resources, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes. ... Actors in period costume sharing a joke whilst waiting between takes during location filming. ... Grammy Award statuette The Grammy Awards, presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music... The Golden Globe Awards are American awards for motion pictures and television programs, given out each year during a formal dinner. ... A music video is a short film or video that accompanies a complete piece of music, most commonly a song. ... Politics is the process by which decisions are made within groups. ... This article is about sexual practices (i. ... Religious is a term with both a technical definition and folk use. ...


Since her debut in 1982, Madonna has released many chart-topping albums and singles, and has become the best-selling female artist in popular music, selling more than 300 million records world-wide (200 million albums and 100 million singles). [1] Billboard reported that her 2006 Confessions Tour holds the record for the top-grossing concert tour by a female artist.[2] According to both the 2007 Guinness Book of Records,[3] and Billboard Magazine, she is the top earning female singer. Madonna is the richest female singer in the world, and one of the richest self-made women in the world, with an estimated net worth of over $850 million. On September 27, 2007, she was nominated for induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.[4] In 2001, the Guinness Book of World Records listed Madonna as the "World’s Most-successful Female Musician".[5] Popular music is music belonging to any of a number of musical styles that are accessible to the general public and are disseminated by one or more of the mass media. ... Billboard can refer to: Billboard magazine Billboard (advertising) Billboard antenna In 3D computer graphics, to billboard is to rotate an object so that it faces the viewer. ... For the live album of the tour, see The Confessions Tour (album). ... Billboard is a weekly American magazine devoted to the music industry. ... The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame at sunset. ... The Guinness Book of Records (or in recent editions Guinness World Records, and in previous US editions Guinness Book of World Records) is a book published annually, containing an internationally recognized collection of superlatives: both in terms of human achievement and the extrema of the natural world. ...

Contents

Life and music career

Early life and career

Madonna Louise Ciccone (her adopted Catholic confirmation name but not legal second middle name is Veronica) was born in Bay City, Michigan. She was the third of six children (her siblings are Martin, Anthony, Paula, Christopher, and Melanie)[6] born to Silvio "Tony" Ciccone, an Italian-American Chrysler engineer whose parents originated from Pacentro, and Madonna Louise Fortin, who was of French-Canadian descent. Bay City is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan located near the base of the Saginaw Bay on Lake Huron. ... Language(s) American English, Italian, Sicilian, Neapolitan, other (predominantly southern) Italian dialects and languages of Italian historical minorities Religion(s) Roman Catholic An Italian American is an American of Italian descent. ... For other uses, including the Chrysler Brand, see Chrysler (disambiguation). ... Pacentro is a comune of 1279 inhabitants of the province of LAquila in Abruzzo, Italy. ... “Canadiens” redirects here. ...


She was raised in a Catholic family in the Detroit suburbs of Pontiac and Avon Township (now Rochester Hills). Madonna's mother died of breast cancer at age 30 on December 1, 1963. Her father later married the family housekeeper, Joan Gustafson, and they had two children, Jennifer and Mario[7], together. Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... Rochester Hills is a city located in Oakland County, Michigan. ... Breast cancer is cancer of breast tissue. ... is the 335th day of the year (336th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A housekeeper is a person responsible for the cleaning and maintenance of (usually residential premises. ...


Madonna convinced her father to allow her to take ballet classes. Her ballet teacher, Christopher Flynn, exposed Madonna to gay discotheques. As a young girl, Madonna attended St. Frederick's Elementary School and St. Andrew's Elementary School (present day Holy Family Regional) and West Middle School. She attended Rochester Adams High School, where she was a straight-A student and a member of the cheerleading squad. Madonna received a dance scholarship to the University of Michigan after graduating from high school. [8] For other uses, see Ballet (disambiguation). ... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ... Discothèque redirects here. ... Rochester Adams High School (also called Adams) is a high school located in Rochester Hills, Michigan and is part of the Rochester Community Schools. ... Youth Cheerleaders during a football halftime show. ... The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (U of M, UM or simply Michigan) is a coeducational public research university in the state of Michigan, and one of the foremost universities in the United States. ...


After being convinced by her ballet teacher, she left the University of Michigan at the end of her sophomore year, in 1977, and moved to New York City to pursue a dance career. Madonna has said: The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (U of M, UM or simply Michigan) is a coeducational public research university in the state of Michigan, and one of the foremost universities in the United States. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...

"When I came to New York, it was the first time I'd ever taken a plane, the first time I'd ever gotten a taxi-cab, the first time for everything. And I came here with $35 in my pocket. It was the bravest thing I'd ever done."[9]

She had little money and for some time lived in squalor, working low-paying jobs including a stint at Dunkin' Donuts. She also worked as a nude model. She studied with Martha Graham and Pearl Lang, and later performed with several modern dance companies, including Alvin Ailey and the Walter Nicks dancers. Dunkin Donuts is an international coffee and donut retailer founded in 1950 in Quincy, Massachusetts, U.S. by William Rosenberg. ... For the supercentenarian, see Martha Graham (supercentenarian). ... Pearl Lang is a modern dance teacher and choreographer who worked with dance legend Martha Graham. ... Modern dance is often performed in bare feet. ... Alvin Ailey, Jr. ... Walter Nicks (Born July 26, 1925 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) is a renowned Africn American modern dancer, choreographer, and beloved teacher of jazz and modern dance. ...


While performing as a dancer for the French disco artist Patrick Hernandez, on his 1979 world tour,[10] Madonna became romantically involved with the musician Dan Gilroy, with whom she later formed her first rock band, the Breakfast Club, back in New York. In it, she sang and played drums and guitar before forming the band Emmy in 1980 with drummer and former boyfriend Stephen Bray. She and Bray wrote and produced dance songs that brought her local attention in New York dance clubs. DJ and record producer Mark Kamins was impressed by her demo recordings, so he brought them to the attention of Sire Records founder Seymour Stein. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Breakfast Club was a American dance-pop group. ... Stephen Bray is a successful songwriter, drummer and record producer from Detroit. ... For other meanings of DJ, see DJ (disambiguation). ... Mark Kamins is a New York club DJ. He is most famous for launching the career of Madonna (singer) by taking her to see Seymore Stein of Sire Records. ... For other uses, see demo. ... Sire Records Company is an American record label, owned by Warner Music Group and distributed through Warner Bros. ... Seymour Stein is an entrepreneur in the music industry whose career spans from the 50s onwards. ...


1982–1985: Rise to fame

Madonna in her first music video for 1982's "Everybody."

In 1982, Madonna signed a singles deal with Sire Records, a new wave label belonging to Warner Bros. Records, while the label's owner, Seymour Stein was in the hospital. He signed her from his hospital room. Her first release, on October 6, 1982, was "Everybody", a self-written song produced by Mark Kamins (the U.S. 12" single was released on April 24, 1982). It became a hit on the Billboard Hot Dance/Club Chart peaking at #3, but failed to chart on the Billboard Hot 100. Next was Burning Up in March of 1983, and it was also a success on the U.S. dance charts peaking at #3. These results convinced Sire Records to finance an entire album by Madonna. On May 5, 1983 a double A-sided promotional 7" single for "Physical Attraction" was released to U.S. radio but there was no chart activity. Image File history File links Evrybodym. ... Image File history File links Evrybodym. ... A music video is a short film or video that accompanies a complete piece of music, most commonly a song. ... Madonna track listing Physical Attraction (7) Everybody (8) Burning Up [12 version] (remastered edition) (9) You Can Dance track listing Holiday (2) Everybody (3) Physical Attraction (4) Everybody is the debut single by pop singer Madonna, released on October 6, 1982 by Sire Records. ... Sire Records Company is an American record label, owned by Warner Music Group and distributed through Warner Bros. ... Warner Bros. ... Seymour Stein is an entrepreneur in the music industry whose career spans from the 50s onwards. ... is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... Madonna track listing Physical Attraction (7) Everybody (8) Burning Up [12 version] (remastered edition) (9) You Can Dance track listing Holiday (2) Everybody (3) Physical Attraction (4) Everybody is the debut single by pop singer Madonna, released on October 6, 1982 by Sire Records. ... is the 114th day of the year (115th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... Madonna track listing Borderline (2) Burning Up (3) I Know It (4) Burning Up is a song and the second single by pop singer Madonna, released on March 9, 1983 by Sire Records. ...

"Like a Virgin" (1984), directed by Mary Lambert, was shot in Venice, Italy and featured Madonna dancing on a gondola in a wedding dress.
"Like a Virgin" (1984), directed by Mary Lambert, was shot in Venice, Italy and featured Madonna dancing on a gondola in a wedding dress.

Her debut album, Madonna, a collection of dance songs, was primarily produced by Reggie Lucas, who had also produced for several R&B singers including Stephanie Mills. Madonna felt Lucas would be the producer to get the best vocals from her as he had experience working with many established R&B singers. After finishing several songs, however, she was dissatisfied with the outcome. She felt her vocals were fine but was unpleased with Lucas' music tracks. Madonna took the finished product to her then-boyfriend John "Jellybean" Benitez, who remixed and rearranged them. He also added a song ("Holiday"). Once released, the album would see a slow start but eventually reached number eight on the U.S. albums chart[11] and contained three successful Billboard Hot 100 singles, "Holiday" (U.S. #16), "Borderline" (U.S. #10), and "Lucky Star" (U.S. #4). At the time of its release, Madonna sold two million copies worldwide, one million of those in the U.S. It has since been certified with current sales of eight million worldwide.[11] Image File history File links Likeavirginm. ... Image File history File links Likeavirginm. ... Like a Virgin is the second studio album by singer Madonna. ... Venice (Venetian: Venezsia, Italian: Venezia, Latin: Venetia) is the capital of region Veneto, and has a population of 271,663 (census estimate January 1, 2004). ... A debut album is the first released music album by an artist or a band. ... Madonna is the self-titled debut album by pop singer Madonna, released on July 27, 1983 by Sire Records. ... Reggie Lucas, is an American musician, songwriter and record producer. ... Stephanie Mills (born March 22, 1957 in Harlem, New York) is an African American R&B and soul singer and former Broadway star. ... John Benitez a. ... Madonna UK chronology Rescue Me (1991) Holiday (UK re-issue) (1991) This Used to Be My Playground (1992) Holiday is a song and the third single by pop singer Madonna, released on September 7, 1983 by Sire Records. ... Audio sample Info Borderline (help· info) Borderline is the fourth single by pop singer Madonna, released on February 15, 1984 by Sire Records. ... Madonna track listing Lucky Star (1) Borderline (2) The Immaculate Collection track listing Holiday (1) Lucky Star (2) Borderline (3) Alternate covers Second (and most common) cover of the UK 7 release of Lucky Star Original cover of the UK Lucky Star single, the 7 of which is one of...


Madonna's look and manner of dress, portrayed in photographs, live performances and music videos, became increasingly influential among young girls and women. Defined by lace tops, skirts over capri pants, fishnet stockings, jewelry bearing the Christian cross, and bleached hair, this distinctive style became an iconic female fashion trend in the 1980s.[12][13]


Her follow up album, Like a Virgin, became her first number one album on the U.S. albums chart.[14] Buoyed by the success of its title track, Like a Virgin, which reached number one in the U.S. with a six week stay at the top of the Billboard Hot 100 Singles Chart[10]. Other hits included "Material Girl" (U.S. #2, kept out of the number one spot by Phil Collins' single "One More Night"), Angel" (U.S. #5) and "Dress You Up" (U.S. #5). The album sold eight million copies in the US and another four million worldwide at its time of release. It currently stands at 17 million copies worldwide.[11] It also produced four top-five singles in the UK. She performed the title song at the first MTV Video Music Awards, during which she writhed on the stage, on top of a wedding cake, wearing a combination bustier/wedding gown, lacy stockings, garters, and her then-trademark "Boy Toy" belt.[15] Like a Virgin is the second studio album by singer Madonna. ... Audio sample Info Like a Virgin (help· info) Like a Virgin is the first single by pop singer Madonna from her second studio album, Like a Virgin. ... Audio sample Material Girl is a song written by Peter Brown and Robert Rans for American singer Madonnas second album, Like a Virgin. ... Angel is the third single from American singer Madonna released from her 1984 album, Like a Virgin. ... The MTV Video Music Awards were established in 1984 by MTV to celebrate the top music videos of the year. ...


In 1985, Madonna entered mainstream films, beginning with a brief appearance as a club singer in the film Vision Quest. The soundtrack to the film contained her second U.S. number one pop hit, the Grammy-nominated ballad "Crazy for You",[16] as well as the UK hit "Gambler". (Incidently, these songs were released by Geffen Records during the run of Madonna's "Like a Virgin" album. Sire Records stopped releasing material after the release of the singles "Like a Virgin" and "Material Girl" as not to overlap Geffen's releases from the soundtrack. After the Geffen songs had run their course, Sire would continue promotion on the album by releasing additional singles; "Angel" and "Dress You Up".) Later that year, she appeared in Desperately Seeking Susan. The film introduced the dance song "Into the Groove", which was released as the B-side of the U.S. 12" single "Angel", and became an international hit, her first number one in the UK.[17] This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Madonna UK singles chronology Justify My Love (Nov 1990) #2 Crazy for You (Remix) (Feb 1991) #2 Rescue Me (Apr 1991) #3 The Immaculate Collection track listing Material Girl (5) Crazy for You (6) Into the Groove (7) Something to Remember track listing Youll See (4) Crazy for You... Gambler is the second single American singer Madonna released from the 1985 soundtrack to the film Vision Quest. ... Desperately Seeking Susan is a 1985 film directed by Susan Seidelman and starring Rosanna Arquette and Madonna. ... Like a Virgin (non-US release) track listing Love Dont Live Here Anymore (5) Into the Groove (6) Dress You Up (7) You Can Dance track listing Over and Over (5) Into the Groove (6) Wheres the Party (7) The Immaculate Collection track listing Crazy for You (6... In recorded music, the terms A-side and B-side refer to the two sides of 7 inch vinyl records on which singles have been released since the 1950s. ... Angel is the third single from American singer Madonna released from her 1984 album, Like a Virgin. ...


Madonna embarked on her first concert tour in the U.S. in 1985 titled The Virgin Tour, with opening act The Beastie Boys. The Virgin Tour 1985, Madonnas first concert tour, included visits to major United States and Canadian cities. ... The Beastie Boys as depicted on the cover of their 1992 album Check Your Head. ...


In July 1985, Penthouse and Playboy magazines published a number of black and white nude photos of Madonna taken in the late 1970s. The publications caused public controversy. Madonna took legal action to try and block them from being published, but when that failed she became unapologetic and defiant.[18] Speaking to a global audience at the outdoor Live Aid charity concert at the height of the controversy, Madonna made a critical reference to the media and stated she would not take her jacket off, despite the heat, because "they might hold it against me ten years from now".[18] Madonna later appeared on the cover of the NY Post newspaper, quoted as saying about the photographs "I'm NOT ashamed."[citation needed] Penthouse, a mens magazine founded by Bob Guccione, combines urban lifestyle articles and soft-core pornographic pictorials that, in the 1990s, evolved into hardcore. ... Classic Playboy logo. ... Ethiopia, as its borders were in 1985. ...


1986–1991: Artistic development

Madonna in the European version of her song music video "True Blue".
Madonna in the European version of her song music video "True Blue".

Madonna's 1986 album True Blue prompted Rolling Stone to declare, "singing better than ever, Madonna stakes her claim as the pop poet of lower-middle-class America."[19] The album included the soulful ballad "Live to Tell", which she wrote for the film At Close Range, starring then-husband Sean Penn. The album was also the first to credit her as producer.[citation needed] She collaborated with composer Patrick Leonard, who would become a long-time collaborator and friend. True Blue reached #1 in various countries and sold over 24 million copies worldwide. [20] It spawned five successful singles, which all reached the top five on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 chart: “Live to Tell” (U.S. #1), “Papa Don't Preach” (U.S. #1), “Open Your Heart” (U.S. #1), “True Blue” (U.S. #3) and “La Isla Bonita” (U.S. #4).[11] Image File history File links Truebluem. ... Image File history File links Truebluem. ... True Blue is the third studio album by pop singer Madonna, released on June 30, 1986 by Sire Records. ... This article is about the magazine. ... True Blue track listing White Heat (3) Live to Tell (4) Wheres the Party (5) The Immaculate Collection track listing Into the Groove (7) Live to Tell (8) Papa Dont Preach (9) Something to Remember track listing This Used to Be My Playground (6) Live to Tell (7... At Close Range is based on the real life rural Pennsylvania crime family led by Bruce Johnston, Sr. ... Sean Penn (born August 17, 1960) is an Academy Award-winning American film actor and director best known for playing intense, often humorless and unsympathetic characters. ... Patrick Raymond Leonard (born 1955 or 1956) is an American songwriter, keyboardist and music producer, known for his longtime collaboration with Madonna on many different recordings. ... “Hot 100” redirects here. ... True Blue track listing White Heat (3) Live to Tell (4) Wheres the Party (5) The Immaculate Collection track listing Into the Groove (7) Live to Tell (8) Papa Dont Preach (9) Something to Remember track listing This Used to Be My Playground (6) Live to Tell (7... Papa Dont Preach is a song by Madonna and the second single from her third studio album True Blue (1986). ... True Blue track listing Papa Dont Preach (1) Open Your Heart (2) White Heat (3) The Immaculate Collection track listing Papa Dont Preach (9) Open Your Heart (10) La Isla Bonita (11) Open Your Heart is a song by Madonna. ... For the John Williamson song, see True Blue (John Williamson song). ... True Blue track listing The Immaculate Collection track listing La Isla Bonita (English: The Beautiful Island) is a 1987 single by Madonna. ...


The music videos for the album displayed Madonna’s continued interest in pushing the boundaries of the video medium to a cinematic level, including elaborate art direction, cinematography, and film devices such as character and plot. Though Madonna had already made videos expressing her sexuality, she added religious iconography, gender archetypes, and social issues to her oeuvre, and these concepts would carry through her work for years to come. One notable example was the "Open Your Heart" video, her first collaboration with French photographer Jean-Baptiste Mondino. The Academy Awards are the oldest awards ceremony for achievements in motion pictures. ... ‹ The template below is being considered for deletion. ... True Blue track listing Papa Dont Preach (1) Open Your Heart (2) White Heat (3) The Immaculate Collection track listing Papa Dont Preach (9) Open Your Heart (10) La Isla Bonita (11) Open Your Heart is a song by Madonna. ... Jean-Baptiste Mondino (born 1949) is an award-winning French fashion photographer and music video director. ...


In 1987, Madonna starred in Who's That Girl, and contributed four songs to its soundtrack, including the film's title track, which became Madonna's sixth #1 single in the U.S.[citation needed] The album's second single, "Causing a Commotion" peaked in the U.S. at #2 for 3 weeks.[11] Whos That Girl is the name of a film released on August 7, 1987 by Warner Bros. ... Whos That Girl (OST) track listing Whos That Girl (1) Causing a Commotion (2) Whos That Girl is a song by American singer Madonna for her 1987 movie Whos That Girl and on the subsequent, various artists soundtrack Whos That Girl. ... Whos That Girl (OST) track listing Causing a Commotion is a song by American singer Madonna for her 1987 movie Whos That Girl and on the subsequent, various artists soundtrack Whos That Girl. ...


Madonna embarked on the Who's That Girl World Tour the same year, at the time the highest-grossing tour in music history,[21] beginning her long association with backing vocalists and dancers Donna DeLory and Niki Haris, and moving closer to the more elaborately staged theater-inspired concert tour. It also marked her first run-in with the Vatican, with Pope John Paul II urging fans not to attend her performances in Italy.[22]Later that year, Madonna released a remix album of past hits, You Can Dance, which included one new song, "Spotlight." The album sold over one million copies in the U.S. and 5 million worldwide.[11] In 1988, city officials in the town of Pacentro, Italy,[23] planned to construct a 13 foot (4 m) statue of Madonna in a bustier. The statue was intended to commemorate the fact that some of Madonna's ancestors had lived in Pacentro. After Madonnas 1985 The Virgin Tour, which took her to the biggest cities in North America, the Whos That Girl World Tour 1987 was the performers first world tour, which had her visiting cities in Japan, North America, and Europe. ... Donna De Lory is a singer, dancer and songwriter. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Coat of Arms of Pope John Paul II. The Letter M is for Mary, the mother of Jesus, to whom he held strong devotion Pope John Paul II (Latin: , Italian: Giovanni Paolo II, Polish: Jan PaweÅ‚ II) born   []; 18 May 1920 – 2 April 2005) reigned as the 264th Pope of... You Can Dance is the first compilation album by pop singer Madonna, released on November 17, 1987 by Sire Records. ... You Can Dance track listing Spotlight is a 1988 single by pop singer Madonna on her 1987 remix album You Can Dance. ... A bustier is an article of clothing for women, which is form-fitting and can either be worn as lingerie or as an outer garment. ...

"Like a Prayer" (1989) caused controversy as it was condemned by the Vatican for its 'blasphemous' mixture of Catholic symbolism and eroticism.

Madonna's fourth album, Like a Prayer, released in 1989, was co-written and co-produced with Patrick Leonard and Stephen Bray[citation needed]. She teamed up with Prince on a duet, and he also played guitar on two songs. Like a Prayer garnered Madonna the strongest reviews of her career and attracted a more mature audience. All Music Guide described the album as "her best and most consistent",[24] while Rolling Stone hailed the album as "..as close to art as pop music gets".[25] Like a Prayer peaked at number one on the US album chart and sold 17 million copies worldwide, with 4 million copies alone sold in the U.S.[11] The album produced five hit singles: the title track, “Express Yourself" (U.S. #2), “Cherish" (U.S. #2), “Oh Father” and “Keep It Together" (U.S. #8). The title song hit number one and became her seventh #1 on the Billboard Hot 100.[26] In January of 1990, "Oh Father" peaked in the U.S. at #20 and broke Madonna's string of 17 consecutive Top 10 hits from "Borderline" (1984) to "Cherish" (1989). Image File history File links Likeaprayer. ... Image File history File links Likeaprayer. ... Like a Prayer track listing Like a Prayer (1) Express Yourself (2) The Immaculate Collection track listing La Isla Bonita (11) Like a Prayer (12) Express Yourself (13) This article is about the 1989 single by Madonna. ... For the black metal band, see Blasphemy (band). ... This article is about the album. ... Patrick Raymond Leonard (born 1955 or 1956) is an American songwriter, keyboardist and music producer, known for his longtime collaboration with Madonna on many different recordings. ... Stephen Bray is a successful songwriter, drummer and record producer from Detroit. ... For another person sometimes known as The Artist, see Michael Haynes III. Prince Rogers Nelson (born June 7, 1958 in Minneapolis, Minnesota) is an American funk musician. ... The All Music Guide (AMG) is a metadata database about music, owned by All Media Guide. ... This article is about the album. ... Like a Prayer track listing Like a Prayer (1) Express Yourself (2) The Immaculate Collection track listing La Isla Bonita (11) Like a Prayer (12) Express Yourself (13) This article is about the 1989 single by Madonna. ... This article is about the 1989 single by Madonna. ... Audio sample Cherish is a pop song written by American singer Madonna and Patrick Leonard for Madonnas fourth album Like a Prayer (1989). ... Like a Prayer track listing Dear Jessie (7) Oh Father (8) Keep It Together (9) Something to Remember track listing Rain (12) Oh Father (13) I Want You (orchestral) (14) Oh Father is a pop song written and produced by American singer Madonna and Patrick Leonard for Madonnas fourth... Keep It Together is a pop song written and produced by American singer Madonna and Stephen Bray for Madonnas fourth album Like a Prayer (1989). ... “Hot 100” redirects here. ...


In early 1989, Madonna signed an endorsement deal with soft drink manufacturer Pepsi. She appeared and debuted her new song, “Like a Prayer,” in a Pepsi commercial and also made a separate music video which was not related to Pepsi. Although the commercial itself was not controversial, the video for “Like a Prayer” caused an uproar[15].[citation needed] The video premiered on MTV and featured many Catholic symbols, such as stigmata,[15]. The video depicted a black man who comes to the aid of a white woman being murdered by white men but the black man is arrested for the crime. Madonna, who has witnessed the crime, secures his release. Although the video's intent was to denounce racism, Madonna was criticized for her use of burning crosses and "making out" with Jesus.[citation needed] Pepsi was bombarded with complaints and boycotts.[citation needed] Since the commercial and music video were nearly identical in visual terms, the soft drink manufacturer was unable to convince the public that their commercial actually had nothing that could be deemed inappropriate. Pepsi pulled the commercial and allowed Madonna to keep her five million dollar fee, as Pepsi had nullified the contract, not Madonna.[14] Pepsi Cola is a non-alcoholic carbonated beverage produced and manufactured by PepsiCo. ... This article is about the original U.S. music television channel. ... For other senses of this word, see stigma and stigmata (disambiguation). ... Manifestations Slavery Racial profiling Lynching Hate speech Hate crime Genocide (examples) Ethnocide Ethnic cleansing Pogrom Race war Religious persecution Gay bashing Blood libel Paternalism Police brutality Movements Policies Discriminatory Race / Religion / Sex segregation Apartheid Redlining Internment Anti-discriminatory Emancipation Civil rights Desegregation Integration Equal opportunity Counter-discriminatory Affirmative action Racial...


In 1990, Madonna starred as "Breathless" Mahoney in a film adaptation of the popular comic book series Dick Tracy.[27] To accompany the launching of the film, in May 1990 she released I'm Breathless, which included songs from and inspired by the film's 1930s setting. It featured her eighth U.S. #1 house music anthem "Vogue"[citation needed] (which was an homage to Hollywood stars), the Gershwin-esque "Something to Remember", and three songs by Stephen Sondheim, including "Sooner or Later", which won an Academy Award for 'Best Original Song',[28] I'm Breathless was a success in Europe, Australia and the United States, and sold 7 million copies worldwide (2x platinum in the U.S.).[11] The second single released from "I'm Breathless" was the saucy serving "Hanky Panky" which describes the pleasures of a nice spanky; the song would peak in the U.S. at #10. Dick Tracy is a 1990 film based upon the Dick Tracy comic strip character created by Chester Gould. ... Im Breathless: Music From and Inspired by the Film Dick Tracy (sometimes labelled as Dick Tracy: Im Breathless) is the fifth studio album, and seventh release, by singer Madonna. ... House music is a style of electronic dance music that was developed by dance club DJs in Chicago in the early to mid-1980s. ... For the song by KMFDM, see Vogue (single). ... Stephen Joshua Sondheim (b. ... Sooner or Later (I Always Get My Man) is a song recorded by American pop superstar Madonna and written by American composer Stephen Sondheim for the 1990 film Dick Tracy. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ...

Madonna during her Blond Ambition tour

From April until August 1990, Madonna toured Japan, North America, and Europe on her Blond Ambition World Tour[citation needed], which the singer likened to musical theatre. Featuring now familiar religious and sexual themes and symbolism, the tour drew controversy from Madonna's performance of "Like a Virgin", during which two male dancers caressed her body before she simulated masturbation.[22] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Blond Ambition Tour was a world concert tour by pop singer Madonna. ... Woman masturbating, 1913 drawing by Gustav Klimt. ...


In November 1990, Madonna released her first greatest hits compilation album, The Immaculate Collection, which included two new songs: “Justify My Love” and “Rescue Me.” Considering that Madonna did not want to release "Rescue Me" as a single, it became the highest-debuting single by a female artist in U.S. chart history, entering the U.S. charts at number 15 and eventually peaking at #9.[10] The music video for “Justify My Love,” again directed by Mondino, showed Madonna at the Royal Monceau Hotel in Paris, in suggestive scenes with her then-lover, model/actor Tony Ward, as well as scenes of S&M, bondage with gay and lesbian characters,[29] and brief nudity.[15] It was deemed too sexually explicit for MTV, and was subsequently banned from the station.[29] Warner Bros Records released the video as a video single — the first of its kind — and it became the highest-selling video single of all time.[citation needed] "Justify My Love" "curled" the toes of U.S. radio stations so to speak and became her ninth #1 single in the U.S.. The album to date has sold over fifteen million copies worldwide.[11] A greatest hits album (sometimes referred to as a best of album) is a compilation album of successful, previously released songs by a particular music artist or band. ... The Immaculate Collection is the second compilation by pop singer Madonna, released on November 13, 1990 by Sire Records. ... The Immaculate Collection track listing Vogue (15) Justify My Love (16) Rescue Me (17) Audio sample Justify My Love is a single released by Madonna in 1990. ... The Immaculate Collection track listing Justify My Love (16) Rescue Me (17) Rescue Me is the title of the second international single released from Madonnas first greatest hits compilation, The Immaculate Collection. ... Born Anthony Borden Ward on June 10, 1963 in Kansas, USA, Tony Ward has achieved both fame and infamy as an international male supermodel, as a porn star and artist and as Madonnas one-time boyfriend and star of her Justify My Love video in 1990. ... Flogging demonstration at Folsom Street Fair 2004. ... A model in bondage cuffs with a leg spreader In the context of BDSM, bondage involves people being tied up or otherwise restrained for pleasure. ... GAY can mean: Gay, a term referring to homosexual men or women The IATA code for Gaya Airport Category: ... This article is about same-sex desire and sexuality among women. ...


In 1991, Madonna starred in her first documentary film, Truth or Dare (also known as In Bed with Madonna outside North America), which chronicled her successful 1990 Blond Ambition Tour, as well as her personal life. The following year, she appeared in the baseball film A League of Their Own with a mostly critically praised (one of her few film honors) portrayal of Italian American Mae Mordabito[30] and recorded the film's theme song, "This Used to Be My Playground", which became her tenth #1 single in the United States. The Blond Ambition Tour was a world concert tour by pop singer Madonna. ... This article is about the sport. ... A League of Their Own is a 1992 film which tells a fictionalized account of the real-life All-American Girls Professional Baseball League (AAGPBL). ... Something to Remember track listing Crazy for You (5) This Used To Be My Playground (6) Live to Tell (7) This Used To Be My Playground is a song composed by Madonna and Shep Pettibone and performed by Madonna. ...


1992–1997: "Sex" controversy and "Evita"

The controversial music video for "Erotica" (1992) was aired only three times on MTV due to its highly charged sexual content.

Erotica, produced primarily with Shep Pettibone, featured three (out of fourteen) overtly sexual songs: "Erotica", "Where Life Begins", and "Did You Do It?". The album peaked at number two in the U.S.[31] and produced six singles, the most successful being its title track “Erotica” (U.S. #3). "Erotica" became the highest-debuting single in the history of the U.S. Hot 100 Airplay chart entering at #2 and it still holds this record to this day. The controversial music video that accompanied the song only aired three times on MTV due to its highly charged sexual content.[citation needed] Other singles released include "Deeper and Deeper" (U.S. #7), "Bad Girl" (U.S. #36) and "Rain" (U.S. #14). "Fever" and "Bye Bye Baby" went on to be Top 10 singles in other parts of the world. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Erotica track listing Erotica (1) Fever (2) GHV2 track listing Deeper and Deeper (7 edit) (1) Erotica (radio edit) (2) Human Nature (radio version) (3) Erotica was the first single from Madonnas 1992 album Erotica. ... This article is about the original U.S. music television channel. ... This article is about the album. ... Robert E. Pettibone, Jr. ... Erotica track listing Erotica (1) Fever (2) GHV2 track listing Deeper and Deeper (7 edit) (1) Erotica (radio edit) (2) Human Nature (radio version) (3) Erotica was the first single from Madonnas 1992 album Erotica. ... Erotica track listing Erotica (1) Fever (2) GHV2 track listing Deeper and Deeper (7 edit) (1) Erotica (radio edit) (2) Human Nature (radio version) (3) Erotica was the first single from Madonnas 1992 album Erotica. ... The Hot 100 Airplay is a chart released weekly by Billboard magazine in the United States. ... This article is about the original U.S. music television channel. ...


The Girlie Show World Tour in 1993 featured Madonna dressed as a whip-cracking dominatrix, surrounded by topless dancers, including Luca Tommassini and Carrie Ann Inaba. The controversy surrounding the tour continued when she caused an uproar in Puerto Rico by rubbing the island's flag between her legs on stage,[22] while Orthodox Jews protested against her first-ever show in Israel.[22] Madonna would later comment that this period of her life was designed to give the world every single morsel of what they seemed to be demanding in their invasion of her private life. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... French dominatrix Maîtresse Françoise. ... Carrie Ann Inaba (born January 5, 1968) is an American dancer, choreographer, actress, and singer. ... Orthodox Judaism is one of the three major branches of Judaism. ...

Credited as one of Madonna's most experimental videos, "Bedtime Story" (1995) directed by Mark Romanek featured images inspired by paintings by artists Frida Kahlo and Remedios Varo.

In the spring of 1994, after the backlash she received from the album Erotica and the coffee table book SEX, Madonna released the single "I'll Remember" (U.S. #2). She recorded the song for Alek Keshishian's film "With Honors" and put her back in good graces with American radio and the American buying public. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Bedtime Stories track listing Sanctuary (9) Bedtime Story (10) Take a Bow (11) GHV2 track listing Dont Cry for Me Argentina (radio edit) (5) Bedtime Story (edit) (6) The Power of Good-Bye (album version) (7) For the 1964 comedy film, see Bedtime Story (film). ... Mark Romanek (born September 18, 1959) is an award-winning American music video director who has also moved into directing theatrical films. ... Frida Kahlo[1](July 6, 1907 – July 13, 1954) was a Mexican painter, who has achieved great international popularity. ... Useless Science or the Alchemist, 1955 Remedios Varo Uranga (December 16, 1908 - October 8, 1963) was a surrealist painter. ...


Madonna released her sixth studio album Bedtime Stories in 1994, co-produced by Nellee Hooper and Dallas Austin. At the time, she was inspired by R&B/rock singer Joi's debut album Pendulum Vibe, and was so in love with it that she recruited producer Dallas Austin to help with her project. The album features Madonna turning to a more R&B-flavored sound. It was a success in Europe, Australia, and the United States, where it peaked at number three[11] and was nominated for a Grammy in the Best Pop Vocal Album category[32] With its title track partially written by Björk, the album gave a hint of what would come musically a few years later. It produced four singles - the lead off single "Secret" (U.S. #3), "Take a Bow" (Co-written and produced with Babyface), "Bedtime Story" and "Human Nature". "Take a Bow" was a success on the Billboard Hot 100, staying #1 for seven consecutive weeks,[33] but became the first Madonna song not to chart in the UK Top 10, peaking at number 16.[11] The Michael Haussman Spanish-themed video, meanwhile, would later help her win the lead role in Evita. With "Bedtime Story" peaking at #42 and "Human Nature" peaking at #46, this was the first time in the U.S. since 1983 that a Madonna single did not enter the Top 40 of the Billboard Hot 100. Bedtime Stories is the sixth studio album (and the tenth release) by singer Madonna, released in 1994 (see 1994 in music). ... Nellee Hooper is a British producer/remixer/composer best-known for his work with Björk, No Doubt, Madonna, Gwen Stefani, Garbage, U2, Sneaker Pimps, Soul II Soul and Massive Attack. ... Dallas Austin (born December 29, 1970 in Columbus, Georgia) is a Grammy-winning American songwriter, record producer, guitarist, and keyboardist. ... Joi Gilliam (born January 25, 1972) is an American R&B/Rock singer, record producer and songwriter associated with the Dungeon Family collective based in Atlanta, Georgia, and as such often performs with OutKast, the Organized Noise production team, and Goodie Mob (her ex-husband, Big Gipp, is a member... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Dallas Austin (born December 29, 1970 in Columbus, Georgia) is a Grammy-winning American songwriter, record producer, guitarist, and keyboardist. ... The Grammy Award for Best Pop Vocal Album was awarded in 1968 and since 1995. ... This article is about the musician. ... Secrecy is the condition of hiding information from others. ... For the song by Muse, see Black Holes and Revelations. ... Babyface redirects here. ... Bedtime Stories track listing Sanctuary (9) Bedtime Story (10) Take a Bow (11) GHV2 track listing Dont Cry for Me Argentina (radio edit) (5) Bedtime Story (edit) (6) The Power of Good-Bye (album version) (7) For the 1964 comedy film, see Bedtime Story (film). ... For other uses, see Human nature (disambiguation). ... For the song by Muse, see Black Holes and Revelations. ... Evita is the movie adaptation of Andrew Lloyd Webbers stage musical Evita, based on the life of Argentinas Eva Perón. ...


On 7 November 1995, Madonna released Something to Remember, a collection of her best ballads, which featured three new tracks, including a cover of the Marvin Gaye classic “I Want You,” which she recorded with the British band Massive Attack, and the top ten hit (U.S. #6) “You'll See.” The album just missed the top five on the U.S. charts;[11] it has since been certified triple platinum.[11] The second single from "Something to Remember" was "Love Don't Live Here Anymore" (U.S. #78) which is a song previously released on the album "Like a Virgin" (1984). is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Something to Remember is the third compilation album by pop singer Madonna, released on November 7, 1995 by Maverick Records. ... In popular music, a cover version, or simply cover, is a new rendition (performance or recording) of a previously recorded song. ... Marvin Gaye (born Marvin Pentz Gay, Jr. ... I Want You was a 1976 hit for American soul icon Marvin Gaye. ... Massive Attack are a trip hop band from Bristol, England. ... Something to Remember track listing Take a Bow (3) Youll See (4) Crazy for You (5) In the fall of 1995, Madonna released Youll See (Verás in Spanish-speaking countries), the lead single for Something to Remember, a collection of her most notable ballads. ...


In 1996, Madonna’s most critically successful film,[34], Evita, was released.[16] The film's soundtrack became her twelfth platinum album[35] and produced two hit singles, “Don't Cry for Me Argentina” - her version hit #8 in the U.S.[16], and “You Must Love Me” (U.S. #18), the latter of which was written by Madonna specifically for the film. “You Must Love Me” won an Academy Award and a Golden Globe for Best Original Song From a Motion Picture the following year. Madonna herself also won a Golden Globe award for Best Actress in a Musical or Comedy but failed to receive an Academy Award nomination. Evita is the movie adaptation of Andrew Lloyd Webbers stage musical Evita, based on the life of Argentinas Eva Perón. ... Evita, the soundtrack to the 1996 Motion Picture was released in two different formats; A 2-disc double album entitled Evita - The Motion Picture Music Soundtrack featured all the tracks from the film and a second release Evita - Music From The Motion Picture contained a selection of highlights from the... Dont Cry for Me Argentina is a song by American singer Madonna from the 1996 soundtrack Evita. ... Audio sample: You Must Love Me ( file info) — The song was specially written for the film version of Evita and won an Oscar for Best Original Song in a Film in 1997. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... The Golden Globe Awards are American awards for motion pictures and television programs, given out each year during a formal dinner. ...


1998–2002: Return to prominence

Madonna in "Ray of Light" video.
Madonna in "Ray of Light" video.

1998's Ray of Light blended personal and introspective lyrics with Eastern sounds, down-tempo, electronic instrumentation, strings by Craig Armstrong and a strong rave flavor. The album reached number two on the U.S. albums chart[11] and since its release has been certified 4x platinum.[11] It earned Madonna the strongest reviews of her career since Like a Prayer. After some errors in her pronunciation of Sanskrit shlokas on Ray of Light, the BBC, London, arranged for her to take telephonic lessons to learn the basic correct pronunciation of Sanskrit words from eminent scholar Dr B P T Vagish Shastri. She then made the necessary pronunciation corrections on the album.[36][37]Amazon.com described the album as "her richest, most accomplished record yet",[38] while Rolling Stone credited Madonna and her co-producer William Orbit for "creating the first mainstream pop album that successfully embraces techno", stating that musically Ray of Light is her "most adventurous record" yet.[39] Ray of Light produced five singles, including the European number one (and U.S. #2) "Frozen" .[citation needed] The album won three awards at the 1999 Grammy Awards[40] and has been ranked #363 on Rolling Stone's list of 500 Greatest Albums of All Time.[41] Microsoft used the Ray of Light title track in its 2001 advertising campaign Yes you can, to introduce Windows XP.[42] Other singles released include "Ray of Light" (U.S. #5), "The Power of Good-Bye" (U.S. #11), and "Nothing Really Matters" (U.S. #93). The song "Drowned World/Substitute For Love" went on to be a Top 10 hit in other parts of the world. Image File history File links Rayoflightm. ... Image File history File links Rayoflightm. ... Ray of Light is the second single by American singer Madonna from her 1998 album Ray of Light. ... For the Michael Wong album, see Ray of Light (Michael Wong album). ... Craig Armstrong (b. ... This article is about the album. ... Shloka is a verse, phrase, proverb or hymn of praise, usually composed in a specified meter. ... For the Michael Wong album, see Ray of Light (Michael Wong album). ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... Sanskrit ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... Vagish Shastri (also known as B P T Vagish Shastri) is an international Sanskrit grammarian, eminent linguist and yogi. ... William Orbit ( born on 15 December 1956 as William Mark Wainwright in Shoreditch, Hackney) is an English musician and record producer, perhaps best known to most for his work on Madonnas album Ray of Light, which received four Grammy Awards. ... Ray of Light track listing Shanti/Ashtangi (8) Frozen (9) The Power of Good-Bye (10) GHV2 track listing Beautiful Stranger (William Orbit radio edit) (8) Frozen (edit) (9) Take a Bow (edit) (10) Frozen is a pop song by American singer Madonna from her 1998 album Ray of Light. ... This article is about the magazine. ... The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time was the cover story of a special issue of Rolling Stone magazine published in November 2003. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... Windows XP is a line of operating systems developed by Microsoft for use on general-purpose computer systems, including home and business desktops, notebook computers, and media centers. ... Ray of Light is the second single by American singer Madonna from her 1998 album Ray of Light. ... Ray of Light track listing Frozen (9) The Power of Good-Bye (10) To Have and Not to Hold (11) GHV2 track listing Bedtime Story (edit) (6) The Power of Good-Bye (album version) (7) Beautiful Stranger (William Orbit radio edit) (8) The Power of Good-Bye is a pop... Ray of Light track listing Skin (5) Nothing Really Matters (6) Sky Fits Heaven (7) Nothing Really Matters is a pop-dance music song written by American singer Madonna and Patrick Leonard for Madonnas seventh album Ray of Light (1998). ...

Madonna in "Frozen" video.
Madonna in "Frozen" video.

In 1998, Madonna was signed to play the role of violin teacher Roberta Guaspari Demetras in the film Music of the Heart, but left the project before filming began, citing "creative differences" with director Wes Craven. She has already studied for many months to play the violin.[43] The children of Opus 118 - Harlem School of Music, led by Roberta Guaspari, performed with Madonna twice in 1998: "Frozen" at the Annual Rain Forest Benefit at Carnegie Hall, New York and at the 1998 VH1 Fashion Awards performing "The Power of Good-Bye". [44] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Ray of Light track listing Shanti/Ashtangi (8) Frozen (9) The Power of Good-Bye (10) GHV2 track listing Beautiful Stranger (William Orbit radio edit) (8) Frozen (edit) (9) Take a Bow (edit) (10) Frozen is a pop song by American singer Madonna from her 1998 album Ray of Light. ... Music of the Heart is a 1999 dramatic film. ... Wesley Earl Craven (born August 2, 1939 in Cleveland, Ohio) is an American film director and writer best known as the creator of many horror films, including the famed Nightmare on Elm Street series featuring the redoubtable Freddy Krueger character. ... VH1 (VH-1: Video Hits One until 1994) is an American cable television channel that was created in January 1985 by Warner-Amex Satellite Entertainment, at the time a division of Warner Communications and owners of MTV. VH1 and sister channel MTV are currently part of the MTV Networks division...


Madonna followed the success of Ray of Light with the top-twenty single (U.S. #19) "Beautiful Stranger",[11] a late 60s psyche-pop song she wrote with William Orbit and recorded for the Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me soundtrack (1999). In 2000, Madonna starred in The Next Best Thing, her first film since "Evita". Madonna contributed two songs to the film's soundtrack, "Time Stood Still" and the U.S. Top 40 (#29) / British chart-topper "American Pie", a cover version of the 1970s Don McLean single. Beautiful Stranger is a pop—dance music song written by American singer Madonna and William Orbit for the movie soundtrack Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me (1999). ... Austin Powers: the Spy Who Shagged Me is the second film in the Austin Powers series started with Austin Powers: International Man of Mystery and continued in Austin Powers in Goldmember. ... The Next Best Thing is a 2000 comedy/drama film starring Rupert Everett, Madonna and Benjamin Bratt. ... The cover of the 1979 American Broadway Original Cast Recording of Evita starring Patti Lupone as Eva Perón, Mandy Patinkin as Che Guevara, and Bob Gunton as Juan Peron. ... American Pie is a song by American singer Madonna from The Next Best Thing soundtrack. ... For other people with similar names see Don MacLean. ...

Madonna and Ali G in "Music" video.

Music, her eighth studio album, had Madonna getting back to the spirit of dance and house music. Despite this, she retained the moodiness of Ray of Light in "Paradise (Not for Me)" and introduced folk guitars in the top ten hit “Don't Tell Me” (U.S. #4) and the ballad “Gone.” Music debuted at number one on both the US and UK album charts[45]. It was her first US number one album since 1989's Like a Prayer[45]. Mainly co-written and produced with French house musician Mirwais Ahmadzai, the album produced three singles, including the title track, which made number one in 26 countries including the U.S.. The third single, “What It Feels Like for a Girl” (U.S. #23), featured a controversial music video, directed by Madonna's husband, Guy Ritchie. In 2001, Madonna embarked on the Drowned World Tour, her first tour in eight years. It was the subject of a television special in the US, and was released on DVD in November 2001 to coincide with the release of her second greatest hits album, GHV2. Image File history File links Musicscreencap1. ... Image File history File links Musicscreencap1. ... Ali G (Alistair Leslie Graham)1 is a satirical fictional character invented and played by English comedian Sacha Baron Cohen. ... It has been suggested that Music (Video) be merged into this article or section. ... Alternate cover One of the four special edition album covers Alternate cover The Australian Tour Edition album cover features a larger cover art Music is the eighth studio album and fourteenth recording by singer Madonna, released in 2000 (see 2000 in music). ... House music is a style of electronic dance music that was developed by dance club DJs in Chicago in the early to mid-1980s. ... Paradise (Not for Me) is a song by American singer Madonna from her 2000 album Music and Mirwais Ahmadzaïs album Production. ... Music track listing Nobodys Perfect (6) Dont Tell Me (7) What It Feels Like for a Girl (8) GHV2 track listing Ray of Light (radio edit) (11) Dont Tell Me (album version) (12) What It Feels Like for a Girl (album version) (13) Dont Tell Me... Alternate cover One of the four special edition album covers Alternate cover The Australian Tour Edition album cover features a larger cover art Music is the eighth studio album and fourteenth recording by singer Madonna, released in 2000 (see 2000 in music). ... This article is about the album. ... Mirwais Ahmadzai, more commonly known simply as Mirwais, is a Paris-based record producer and song writer. ... Music track listing Dont Tell Me (7) What It Feels Like for a Girl (8) Paradise (Not for Me) (9) GHV2 track listing Dont Tell Me (album version) (12) What It Feels Like for a Girl (album version) (13) Drowned World/Substitute for Love (album version) (14) What... Guy Ritchie (born 10th September 1968 in Hatfield, Hertfordshire[1]) is an English writer-director. ... The 2001 Drowned World Tour was Madonnas first world-tour in eight years, following her 1993 The Girlie Show Tour. ... DVD (also known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc) is a popular optical disc storage media format. ... GHV2 is Madonnas second greatest hits album and the follow-up to 1990s The Immaculate Collection. ...


GHV2 did not include new songs, although clubs did receive mega-mixes for promotional play.[citation needed] In 2002, Madonna starred in the film Swept Away. Later that year, she released the theme song to the James Bond film Die Another Day, which she also had a brief role in. It reached number eight on the Billboard Hot 100[11] and was nominated for both a Golden Globe for Best Original Song[46] and a Golden Raspberry for Worst Song.[47] Swept Away is a 2002 romantic comedy film. ... James Bond theme chronology The World Is Not Enough (1999) Die Another Day (2002) You Know My Name (2006) American Life track listing Mother and Father (9) Die Another Day (10) Easy Ride (11) Die Another Day was the theme to the James Bond film of the same name recorded... 007 redirects here. ... For the theme song of the same movie, performed by Madonna, see Die Another Day (song). ... The Golden Globe Award The Golden Globe Awards are American awards for motion pictures and television programs, given out each year during a formal dinner. ...


2003–present: Commercial ups and downs

Madonna released her ninth studio album, American Life, in April 2003. The lyrics were themed on the aspects of the American dream, fame, fortune and society. The record received mixed reviews.[48] The music video for the first single, "American Life", caused controversy, as it contained scenes depicting war, explosions, and blood. American Life is the ninth studio album by pop singer Madonna, released on April 22, 2003 by Maverick Records. ... Audio sample Info (help· info) American Life is a pop song written by American singer-songwriter Madonna and Mirwais Ahmadzaï for Madonnas ninth studio album American Life (2003). ...

Madonna in the original version of "American Life" video.
Madonna in the original version of "American Life" video.

The day before the video was to air on European television, Madonna pulled it and released an edited version, which showed her singing in front of flags from around the world. The song peaked at #37 on the Billboard Hot 100.[26] In the United Kingdom, it reached number two on the charts.[11] Having sold five million copies,[11] American Life became the lowest selling album of her career.[35] It produced three more singles, ("Hollywood", "Nothing Fails" and "Love Profusion") and all did not chart in the United States but charted in European countries.[citation needed] Image File history File links Americanlifem. ... Image File history File links Americanlifem. ... Audio sample Info (help· info) American Life is a pop song written by American singer-songwriter Madonna and Mirwais Ahmadzaï for Madonnas ninth studio album American Life (2003). ... “Hot 100” redirects here. ... American Life is the ninth studio album by pop singer Madonna, released on April 22, 2003 by Maverick Records. ...


Later that year, Madonna performed the song "Hollywood" with Britney Spears, Christina Aguilera and Missy Elliott at the MTV Video Music Awards. Madonna kissed Spears and Aguilera during the performance, resulting in tabloid press frenzy. That fall, Madonna provided guest vocals on Spears's single "Me Against the Music". American Life track listing American Life (1) Hollywood (2) Im So Stupid (3) Hollywood is the third single from Madonnas ninth album American Life, released in 2003. ... Britney Jean Spears (born December 2, 1981) is a Grammy Award-winning[1] American pop singer, dancer, actress, author and songwriter. ... This article is about the singer. ... Melissa Arnette Elliott (born July 1, 1971 in Portsmouth, Virginia), better known as Missy Elliott, is an American rapper, singer, songwriter, MC, and record producer. ... The MTV Video Music Awards were established in 1984 by MTV to celebrate the top music videos of the year. ... Madonna chronology Alternate cover Australia Limited Edition CD 2 Me Against the Music is a dance-pop song performed by Britney Spears featuring Madonna. ...


During the Christmas season of 2003, Madonna released Remixed & Revisited, a remix EP that included rock versions of songs from American Life, as well as "Your Honesty", a left-over from 1994's Bedtime Stories album. The collection did not chart in the Billboard top 100.[11] Remixed & Revisited is the 2nd remix EP by singer Madonna and 17th recording, released in 2003 (see 2003 in music). ... // Extended play (EP) is the name typically given to vinyl records or CDs which contain more than one single but are too short to qualify as albums. ... American Life is the ninth studio album by pop singer Madonna, released on April 22, 2003 by Maverick Records. ... Bedtime Stories is the sixth studio album (and the tenth release) by singer Madonna, released in 1994 (see 1994 in music). ...


In 2004, Madonna embarked on The Re-Invention World Tour, which featured fifty-six dates in the U.S., Canada, and Europe and became the highest-grossing tour of 2004, earning $125 million.[49] She made a documentary about the tour named I'm Going to Tell You a Secret, which debuted on MTV and was directed by Jonas Akerlund. Also in 2004, Madonna was involved in a brief legal battle with Warner Music Group, with whom she co-owned record label Maverick. The legal dispute ended with Warner Music Group buying Madonna's shares in the record label.[50] In 2004, Rolling Stone magazine ranked her #36 on their list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time.[51] Re-Invention Tour was a seven-country concert tour by Madonna starting in May 2004 which featured music from the beginning of her career to her 2003 album American Life. ... Im Going to Tell You a Secret is a documentary which followed Madonna on her successful Re-Invention Tour, from dancer auditions to rehearsals and opening night all the way through the final show and her visit to Israel in the fall of 2004. ... Jonas Ã…kerlund (born 1966) is a Swedish film director, most known for making music videos. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Maverick Recording Company, is an American record label owned and operated by Warner Music Group, and distributed through Warner Bros. ... This article is about the magazine. ...


In January 2005, Madonna performed a cover version of the John Lennon song "Imagine" on the televised U.S. aid concert "Tsunami Aid: A Concert of Hope", which raised money for the tsunami victims in Asia.[citation needed] John Winston Ono Lennon, MBE (October 9, 1940 – December 8, 1980), (born John Winston Lennon, known as John Ono Lennon) was an iconic English 20th century rock and roll songwriter and singer, best known as the founding member of The Beatles. ... Imagine is a utopian-themed song performed by John Lennon, which appears on his 1971 album, Imagine. ... Tsunami Aid: A Concert of Hope was a worldwide benefit held for the tsunami victims of the 2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake. ... The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, known by the scientific community as the Sumatra-Andaman earthquake,[1] was a great undersea earthquake that occurred at 00:58:53 UTC (07:58:53 local time) December 26, 2004 with an epicentre off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia. ...

Madonna in "Hung Up" video.

Madonna's tenth studio album, the Grammy-winning Confessions on a Dance Floor (2005) which sold more than 11 million copies,[52] was built on a continuous mix of dance songs, with musical elements borrowed from the '70s, and current dance music. The album received positive reviews[53] and was considered a return to form after the negative reception to American Life. It produced four singles: "Hung Up", became one of the most successful singles of all time [citation needed], reaching number one in a record breaking 45 countries - the song peaked at #7 in the U.S..[54] With "Hung Up" crossing over into the Top 10, Madonna had her 36th Top 10 hit and she is now tied with Elvis Presley for the most Top 10 singles by ANY artist in the U.S.. Madonna opened the 2006 Grammy Awards with "Hung Up", alongside the nominated computer-generated band, Gorillaz. "Sorry" then became Madonna's twelfth number one in the UK,[55] making her the female artist with the most #1 singles in the UK charts.[56] "Sorry" peaked at #58 in the U.S.. The third single, "Get Together", reached the UK Top 10 and became her thirty-sixth number one dance hit in the U.S. (the most for any artist in Billboard history),[citation needed] but did not chart on the Billboard Hot 100 charts.[26] The fourth and final single was "Jump", another U.S. Dance Chart #1 (this became her 37th #1 on that chart) and charted at number nine in the UK.[57] Image File history File links Hungupm. ... Image File history File links Hungupm. ... Audio sample Info (help· info) Hung Up is a pop-dance song written by American singer-songwriter Madonna, Stuart Price, Benny Andersson and Björn Ulvaeus, and produced by Madonna and Price. ... Confessions on a Dance Floor is the tenth studio album by pop singer Madonna, released on 15 November 2005 by Warner Bros. ... Audio sample Info (help· info) Hung Up is a pop-dance song written by American singer-songwriter Madonna, Stuart Price, Benny Andersson and Björn Ulvaeus, and produced by Madonna and Price. ... The 48th Annual Grammy Awards were held on Wednesday 8 February 2006 at the Staples Center in Los Angeles, California. ... For the Gorillazs self-titled debut album, see Gorillaz (album). ... Sorry is a pop-dance song written and produced by Madonna and Stuart Price for Madonnas tenth album Confessions on a Dance Floor (2005). ... Confessions on a Dance Floor track listing Get Together is a dance-pop song written by American singer Madonna, Stuart Price, Anders Bagge, and Peer Astrom for Madonnas tenth studio album Confessions on a Dance Floor (2005). ... Billboard is a weekly American magazine devoted to the music industry. ... Jump is the fourth and final single from Madonnas album, Confessions on a Dance Floor. ...

Madonna cosplaying Mello in "Jump" video.

In mid-2006, Madonna signed on to become the worldwide face of H&M.[58] Included in the deal was a specially designed track suit, created by Madonna. The next year M by Madonna, launched in the United States, and internationally.[59] In its first week, the line took in $15 million.[citation needed] The company has ordered a second and third line for late 2007.[60] Image File history File links Mad-jumpvid. ... Image File history File links Mad-jumpvid. ... Cosplayers Cosplay ), a contraction (or portmanteau) of the English words costume and play, is a Japanese subculture centered on dressing as characters from manga, anime, tokusatsu, and video games, and, less commonly, Japanese live action television shows, fantasy movies, or Japanese pop music bands. ... For the former railroad, see Hudson and Manhattan Railroad. ...


Madonna's Confessions Tour kicked off in late May 2006. The tour grossed a reported $260.1 million and was the top-grossing tour ever by a female artist in history, with a global audience of 1.2 million.[61] The tour sparked controversy when she used religious symbols such as the crucifix and crown of thorns in her performance of "Live to Tell". The tour ended its 60-date run on September 21, 2006, in Tokyo. A CD+DVD of "The Confessions Tour - Live from London" special was released on January 29, 2007 internationally and January 30, 2007 in the U.S. For the live album of the tour, see The Confessions Tour (album). ... True Blue track listing White Heat (3) Live to Tell (4) Wheres the Party (5) The Immaculate Collection track listing Into the Groove (7) Live to Tell (8) Papa Dont Preach (9) Something to Remember track listing This Used to Be My Playground (6) Live to Tell (7... is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... The Confessions Tour is the second live album by pop singer Madonna, released on January 26, 2007 by Warner Bros. ... is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


In October 2006, Madonna flew to Malawi to help build an orphanage, which she also funded, as part of the Raising Malawi initiative. While there, she took custody of a baby boy, named David, with the intent of adopting him. The effort created controversy and ran into legal obstacles.[62]


On May 16, 2007, a song was released by Madonna called "Hey You", released in anticipation of Live Earth.[63] Madonna performed 'Hey You' amongst other songs at the UK leg of Live Earth at Wembley Stadium, London on July 7, 2007.[64] Madonna directed her first film, Filth and Wisdom from May 14 to May 29, 2007 and has started production on her next album, which is expected to be released in early 2008. Madonna is also working on a documentary on the problems and difficulties faced by people in Malawi, called I Am Because We Are.[65] is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Hey You (song) redirects here. ... Live Earth was a series of worldwide concerts held on 7 July 2007, that initiated a three-year campaign to combat climate change. ... The Live Earth concert in the United Kingdom was held at Wembley Stadium, London, England on 7 July 2007. ... Live Earth was a series of worldwide concerts held on 7 July 2007, that initiated a three-year campaign to combat climate change. ... For the old stadium, see Wembley Stadium (1923). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... In May 2007, Madonna began directing her first short movie, Filth and Wisdom. ... May 14 is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 149th day of the year (150th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... The eleventh studio album by pop singer Madonna is anticipated to be released on March 11, 2008 by Warner Bros. ... I Am Because We Are is a 2008 documentary directed by Nathan Rissman and produced by Madonna. ...


Madonna was a guest vocalist on the song "Sing" on the Annie Lennox 2007 album Songs of Mass Destruction. The song involved twenty-three female artists joining Lennox for the collaboration. This "powerful feminist anthem" was born out of Lennox's involvement with Nelson Mandela’s 46664 and Treatment Action Campaign (TAC) – organisations fighting for human rights, education and health care for those affected by the HIV AIDS virus. 'Sing' will be released as a single in December 2007. Annie Lennox (born Ann Lennox on 25 December 1954) is a Scottish musician and vocalist. ... Songs of Mass Destruction is the title of the forthcoming fourth studio album by Annie Lennox. ... For other people named Mandela, or other uses, see Mandela. ... The Treatment Action Campaign is a South African grassroots pressure group which was founded by Zackie Achmat, an HIV-positive activist who refused anti-retroviral treatment (ARVs) until they were universally available. ...


In September 2007, Madonna was nominated for induction into the U.S. Rock 'n' Roll Hall of Fame.


On October 16, 2007, Madonna announced she was not renewing her recording contract with Warner Bros, and had entered a $120 million, 10-year contract with Live Nation Inc., and will become the founding artist in its new Artist Nation division. The deal consists of all future music and music-related businesses including albums, concert tours, merchandising, fan club/web site, DVDs, music-related television and film projects, and associated sponsorship agreements. Madonna releases a statement saying she signed the new deal because of the changes in the music business: "The paradigm in the music business has shifted and as an artist and a business woman, I have to move with that shift. For the first time in my career, the way that my music can reach my fans is unlimited. I've never wanted to think in a limited way and with this new partnership, the possibilities are endless." Under the terms of the deal, Madonna will receive a signing bonus of about $18 million and a roughly $17 million advance for each of three albums, and she is expected to do 4 concert tours within the 10-year period. is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Live Nation NYSE: LYV is a concert company based in the United States of America. ...


On October 18, 2007, Madonna's publicist Liz Rosenberg told Hollywood Insider that Madonna's forthcoming studio album could be released in early 2008 and a greatest hits package is slated for a release in late 2008 or early 2009. is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... The eleventh studio album by pop singer Madonna is anticipated to be released on March 11, 2008 by Warner Bros. ...


Influences

Religion, ethnicity, and family

Madonna has cited her Catholic and Italian background as major influences in her life and career. She has also noted on various occasions that her mother's premature death left a lasting emotional burden throughout her adolescence and adulthood. As an entertainer, Madonna has occasionally touched on these subjects in her song lyrics and visual presentation.


Madonna's Catholic background and relationship with her parents were reflected in the 1989 album Like a Prayer, which features songs about her parents and Catholic upbringing. The video for the title track contains Catholic symbolism, such as the stigmata. Madonna used the crucifix as a religious accessory in the setting of the video, and was also included in the stage design of her "Confessions" tour. "Promise to Try" tells of her sadness towards the memory of her mother, while "Oh Father" is of a strict father who elicits fear in his child. In the The Virgin Tour, she wore the rosary around her neck. In the music video for "La Isla Bonita", she prays to the rosary. Like a Prayer track listing Like a Prayer (1) Express Yourself (2) The Immaculate Collection track listing La Isla Bonita (11) Like a Prayer (12) Express Yourself (13) This article is about the 1989 single by Madonna. ... For other senses of this word, see stigma and stigmata (disambiguation). ... The Crucifix, a cross with corpus, a symbol used in Catholicism in contrast with some other Christian communions, which use only a cross. ... Like a Prayer track listing Dear Jessie (7) Oh Father (8) Keep It Together (9) Something to Remember track listing Rain (12) Oh Father (13) I Want You (orchestral) (14) Oh Father is a pop song written and produced by American singer Madonna and Patrick Leonard for Madonnas fourth... The Virgin Tour 1985, Madonnas first concert tour, included visits to major United States and Canadian cities. ... Our Lady of Lourdes - Mary appearing at Lourdes with Rosary beads. ... True Blue track listing The Immaculate Collection track listing La Isla Bonita (English: The Beautiful Island) is a 1987 single by Madonna. ...


She had described the name as being "very Italian", despite the fact that she was named after her French Canadian mother. The name "Madonna" is Catholic and has been referenced to The Virgin Mary, who, in the Roman Catholic Church, is often referred to as "The Madonna" and juxtaposes the two Italian words "ma", a variation on the Italian "mia" (the contextual form for the adjective "my"), and "donna", which literally translates to "my lady".[66] Gabriel delivering the Annunciation to Mary. ... Catholic Church redirects here. ... Virgin and Child Surrounded by Angels (c. ...


Madonna's Italian heritage has also been referenced in her work. The video for Like a Virgin, filmed in Venice, Italy, features her in Venetian settings. The "Open Your Heart" video sees her boss yelling at her in Italian. In the "Papa Don't Preach" video, Madonna wears a shirt with the slogan, "Italians Do It Better".[67] The 1988 video release of her Who's That Girl Tour, titled Ciao, Italia! - Live From Italy, was filmed mainly in Turin, Italy.[68] In it, Madonna performs the song Papa Don't Preach while a portrait of the Pope appears on the screen behind her. "Papa" is the Italian word for "Pope".[69] In her 2005 documentary I'm Going To Tell You a Secret, she has been quoted as jokingly stating that she has "big, fat, Italian thighs." Like a Virgin is the second studio album by singer Madonna. ... Venice (Venetian: Venezsia, Italian: Venezia, Latin: Venetia) is the capital of region Veneto, and has a population of 271,663 (census estimate January 1, 2004). ... True Blue track listing Papa Dont Preach (1) Open Your Heart (2) White Heat (3) The Immaculate Collection track listing Papa Dont Preach (9) Open Your Heart (10) La Isla Bonita (11) Open Your Heart is a song by Madonna. ... Papa Dont Preach is a song by Madonna and the second single from her third studio album True Blue (1986). ... After Madonnas 1985 The Virgin Tour, which took her to the biggest cities in North America, the Whos That Girl World Tour 1987 was the performers first world tour, which had her visiting cities in Japan, North America, and Europe. ... Ciao, Italia! - Live From Italy is a live music video title by singer Madonna. ... Location Region Piedmont Province Torino Area   – Total   – Water 130 km² (50 mi²) ##.# km² (#.# mi²) #.##% Population   – Total (2002)   – Density 857,433 6,596/km² Time zone CET: UTC+1 Latitude Longitude   45°04N 7°40E (##.#######, -##.#######)1. ... Papa Dont Preach is a song by Madonna and the second single from her third studio album True Blue (1986). ...


Musical influences

In 1985, Madonna commented that the first song to ever make a strong impression on her was "These Boots Are Made for Walkin'" by Nancy Sinatra and that it summed up her take-charge attitude.[70] As a young woman, she attempted to broaden her taste in literature, art, and music, and during this time became interested in classical music. She noted that her favorite style was baroque, and loved Chopin because she liked his "feminine quality". In a 1999 interview with Larry King, Madonna identified a wide range of musical influences that impacted her such as Karen Carpenter Debbie Harry and Chrissie Hynde saying they "paved the way" for her. Her song "Rain" is inspired by Karen Carpenter. In an interview with the Observer on October 29, 2006, Madonna professed a love for fellow Detroit natives The Raconteurs and The White Stripes, as well as New York band "The Jett Set". Madonna has also commented that she enjoys Frank Sinatra, and especially likes to sing, "My Way" in the shower. Yet the most influential person in her formative years was her younger brother Christopher who influenced in all aspects of her life and career, having dances and choreographed with in the early days then after traveling with her and advising her on everything from clothes to music, to home design, to boyfriends. Directed and designed her most influential critically acclaimed tours, The Blonde Abmition tour and The Girlie Show. These Boots Are Made for Walkin is a pop song composed by Lee Hazlewood and first recorded by Nancy Sinatra. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Baroque music describes an era and a set of styles of European classical music which were in widespread use between approximately 1600 and 1750. ... Chopin redirects here. ... Deborah Ann Harry (born July 1, 1945, in Miami, Florida) is a singer-songwriter and actress most famous for being the lead singer for the punk rock/new wave band Blondie. ... Chrissie Hynde (born Christine Ellen Hynde, 7 September 1951, Akron, Ohio) is an American rock musician, best known as the leader of the band The Pretenders. ... is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Raconteurs, also known as The Saboteurs in Australia, are a Grammy-nominated rock band, featuring four members previously known for other musical projects. ... This article is about the American duo. ... “Sinatra” redirects here. ...


Film stars

During her childhood, Madonna became fascinated by films and film stars, later saying, "I loved Carole Lombard and Judy Holliday and Marilyn Monroe. They were all incredibly funny...and I saw myself in them...my girlishness, my knowingness and my innocence".[71] Her "Material Girl" music video recreated Monroe's "Diamonds Are A Girl's Best Friend" number from the film Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, and she later studied the screwball comedies of the 1930s, particularly those of Lombard, in preparation for the Who's That Girl? film. The video for "Express Yourself" placed a femme fatale character alongside an androgynous figure in male attire, which was compared to Marlene Dietrich and was inspired by Fritz Lang's Metropolis movie. The video for "Vogue" recreated the style of Hollywood glamour photographers, in particular Horst P. Horst, and imitated the poses of Marlene Dietrich, Carole Lombard and Rita Hayworth, while the lyrics referenced many of the stars who had inspired her.[72] Among those mentioned was Bette Davis, described by Madonna in a Rolling Stone interview as an idol, along with Louise Brooks and Dita Parlo.[73] Carole Lombard (October 6, 1908 – January 16, 1942) was an American actress. ... Judy Holliday (June 21, 1921–June 7, 1965) was an Academy Award and Tony Award-winning American actress. ... Marilyn Monroe (born Norma Jeane Mortenson; June 1, 1926 – August 5, 1962), was a Golden Globe award winning American actress, model and sex symbol. ... Gentlemen Prefer Blondes is a novel written by Anita Loos that was published in 1925, a Broadway play produced in 1926, a Broadway musical produced in 1949, which Loos also wrote the book for, and two motion pictures. ... Marlene Dietrich IPA: ; (December 27, 1901 – May 6, 1992) was a German-born American actress, singer, and entertainer. ... Horst P. Horst, born Horst Paul Albert Bohrmann, (August 14, 1906 - November 18, 1999) was a photographer best known for his photographs of women and fashion taken while working for Vogue. ... Rita Hayworth (October 17, 1918 – May 14, 1987), was an American actress of Spanish and Anglo-Irish descent who reached fame during the 1940s as the eras leading sex symbol. ... For the singer, see Betty Davis, for the meteorologist, see Betty Davis (meteorologist). ... Louise Brooks (14 November 1906 – 8 August 1985) was an American dancer, showgirl, and silent film actress. ... Dita Parlo (September 4, 1906 - December 13, 1971) was a film actress. ...


Personal life

Relationships and family

Early relationships and first marriage

In the late 1970s and early 1980s, Madonna dated Dan Gilroy, with whom she formed the band Breakfast Club. In the early 1980s, she also dated musician Stephen Bray, who later co-produced songs such as "Into the Groove" and "Express Yourself", artist Jean-Michel Basquiat, DJ and record producer Mark Kamins, and musician Jellybean Benitez, who produced tracks and remixed her debut album Madonna. Breakfast Club was a American dance-pop group. ... Stephen Bray is a successful songwriter, drummer and record producer from Detroit. ... Like a Virgin (non-US release) track listing Love Dont Live Here Anymore (5) Into the Groove (6) Dress You Up (7) You Can Dance track listing Over and Over (5) Into the Groove (6) Wheres the Party (7) The Immaculate Collection track listing Crazy for You (6... Express Yourself was the second single from Madonnas multi-platinum selling 1989 album Like a Prayer. ... Publicity photo of Jean-Michel Basquiat by photographer William Coupon Jean-Michel Basquiat (IPA: ) (December 22, 1960, Brooklyn - August 12, 1988, New York, New York) was an American artist. ... Mark Kamins is a New York club DJ. He is most famous for launching the career of Madonna (singer) by taking her to see Seymore Stein of Sire Records. ... ... Madonna is the self-titled debut album by pop singer Madonna, released on July 27, 1983 by Sire Records. ...


While filming the music video for "Material Girl" in 1985, Madonna began dating actor Sean Penn. The two were married later that year on Madonna's twenty-seventh birthday[citation needed]. Their relationship was marred by Penn's frequent outbursts against the press, leading the couple to be dubbed the “Poison Penns.[citation needed]” After filing and withdrawing divorce papers in December 1987, Madonna and Penn separated on New Year's Eve of 1988, and were officially divorced in September 1989. Of her marriage to Penn, Madonna later told Tatler, "I was completely obsessed with my career and not ready to be generous in any shape or form."[74] A music video is a short film or video that accompanies a complete piece of music, most commonly a song. ... Audio sample Material Girl is a song written by Peter Brown and Robert Rans for American singer Madonnas second album, Like a Virgin. ... Sean Penn (born August 17, 1960) is an Academy Award-winning American film actor and director best known for playing intense, often humorless and unsympathetic characters. ... For other articles with similar names, see New Year (disambiguation). ... Richard Steele Tatler is a contemporary British society magazine published by Condé Nast Publications. ...


Post-divorce relationships, motherhood, and remarriage

After the divorce from Penn was made official in 1989, Madonna began a highly-publicized relationship with Warren Beatty while working on the film Dick Tracy early in 1989. Despite rumors that the two had become engaged in May 1990, the couple's relationship seemed to have ended by the summer. In a 1991 interview with Vanity Fair, Madonna said, "I'd go, 'Warren, did you really chase that girl for a year?!?' And he’d say, 'Nah, it's all lies.' I should have known better. I was unrealistic, but then, you always think you're going to be the one."[75] Henry Warren Beatty (born March 30, 1937), better known as Warren Beatty, is an Academy Award and Golden Globe-winning American actor, producer, screenwriter, and director. ... Dick Tracy is a long-running comic strip featuring a popular and familiar character in American pop culture. ... American actress Demi Moore, on a typical Vanity Fair cover (August, 1991) Vanity Fair is a glossy American glamour magazine monthly that offers a mixture of articles based on sensational exaggerations, jet-set and entertainment-business personalities, politics, and lies. ...


In late 1990, Madonna dated Tony Ward,[76] a young bisexual model and porn star who starred in her music videos for "Cherish" (1989) and "Justify My Love" (1990). Their relationship ended by early 1991,[75] and Madonna later began an eight-month relationship with rapper Vanilla Ice,[76] who appeared later in her Sex book.[76] Born Anthony Borden Ward on June 10, 1963 in Kansas, USA, Tony Ward has achieved both fame and infamy as an international male supermodel, as a porn star and artist and as Madonnas one-time boyfriend and star of her Justify My Love video in 1990. ... Audio sample Cherish is a pop song written by American singer Madonna and Patrick Leonard for Madonnas fourth album Like a Prayer (1989). ... The Immaculate Collection track listing Vogue (15) Justify My Love (16) Rescue Me (17) Audio sample Justify My Love is a single released by Madonna in 1990. ... Robert Matthew Van Winkle (born October 31, 1968), better known as Vanilla Ice, is a Grammy Award nominated, American Music Award winning American rapper and actor known mostly for the 1990 single Ice Ice Baby. ... Sex is the title of a highly-designed coffee table book written by Madonna with photographs by Steven Meisel Studio and film frames shot by Fabien Baron, released October 21, 1992 by Warner Books. ...


In 1992; Madonna dated actor John Enos, her bodyguard James Albright, and in 1994 went out with basketball player Dennis Rodman for four months.[77] Dennis Keith Rodman (born May 13, 1961, in Trenton, New Jersey) is an American professional basketball player best known for his fierce defensive and rebounding ability, leading the National Basketball Association in rebounds per game for a record seven consecutive years and earning NBA All-Defensive First Team honors seven...


In September 1994, while walking in Central Park, Madonna met fitness trainer Carlos Leon who became her personal trainer and lover. On October 14, 1996, Madonna gave birth to his child, Lourdes Maria Ciccone Leon in Los Angeles, California.[78] The couple ended their relationship in 1997.[79] Madonna then began dating Andy Bird, who sold his story to the newspapers in a tell-all about their eighteen-month relationship in late 2000/early 2001.[80] Central Park is a large public, urban park (843 acres, 3. ... Carlos Leon (born July 10, 1966 in Cuba) is a personal trainer-to-the-stars turned actor. ... is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ...


On August 11, 2000, Madonna gave birth to a son, Rocco John Ritchie in Los Angeles, California, with Guy Ritchie, whom she had met in 1999 through mutual friends Sting and his wife, Trudie Styler.[81] On December 22, 2000, Madonna and Ritchie were married in Scotland. As of 2007, Madonna resides in Marylebone, London and her country estate in Wiltshire, with Ritchie and their 3 children.[82] is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... Guy Ritchie (born 10th September 1968 in Hatfield, Hertfordshire[1]) is an English writer-director. ... This article is about the musician. ... Trudie Styler (born 6 January 1955 [1], in Birmingham, England) is an actor and producer. ... is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the country. ... Marylebone (sometimes written St. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Madonna and Guy Ritchie own Ashcombe House, on Cranborne Chase, near Salisbury. ... Wiltshire (abbreviated Wilts) is a large southern English county. ...


David Banda adoption

On October 10, 2006, Madonna filed adoption papers for a Malawian baby boy named David Brent, whom her family renamed David Banda Mwale Ciccone Ritchie,[83] born September 24, 2005,[84] during her trip to an orphanage in Malawi.[85] is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


After a passport and visa were issued for the child, Banda was flown out of Malawi on October 16.[86] The adoption raised public controversy about whether special treatment was given to Madonna considering the fact that Malawian law normally requires one year of residence for potential adoptive parents.[87] is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Madonna appeared on The Oprah Winfrey Show on October 25, 2006, to refute the allegations. During the half-hour interview, the singer claimed that there are no written adoption laws in Malawi that regulate foreign adoption and that she had been planning to adopt for two years. She also claimed that Banda had been in critical condition and was suffering from pneumonia after surviving malaria and tuberculosis when she had found him in the orphanage. In addition, Madonna blamed the media for "doing a great disservice to all the orphans of Africa, period, not just the orphans of Malawi", by discouraging people from adopting children from African nations. She stated, "I wanted to go into a Third World country—I wasn't sure where—and give a life to a child who might not otherwise have had one."[88] The Oprah Winfrey Show (also known as Oprah) is an American nationally syndicated talk show, hosted and produced by Oprah Winfrey and is the highest-rated talk show in American television history. ... is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about human pneumonia. ... Malaria is a vector-borne infectious disease caused by protozoan parasites. ... Tuberculosis (abbreviated as TB for tubercle bacillus or Tuberculosis) is a common and deadly infectious disease caused by mycobacteria, mainly Mycobacterium tuberculosis. ...


On October 22, 2006, it was reported that Yohane Banda, David Banda's birth father, did not understand what "adoption" meant and that he had not realized that he was giving up his son "for good." He had assumed that this arrangement was more like a fostering agreement. A few days later, after the Winfrey interview, he said, "These so-called human rights activists are harassing me every day, threatening me that I am not aware of what I am doing." He was also reported to say, "They want me to support their court case, a thing I cannot do for I know what I agreed with Madonna and her husband."[89] On November 1, 2006, Madonna responded to Banda's comments on an Dateline NBC interview with Meredith Vieira by saying that Yohane Banda had known what he was doing, having refused to accept her offer to financially support him and the child without adopting the child. is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Foster care is a system by which a certified, stand-in parent(s) cares for minor children or young people who have been removed from their biological parents or other custodial adults by state authority. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Dateline NBC, or Dateline, is a U.S. weekly television newsmagazine broadcast by NBC similar to ABCs 20/20 or CBSs 60 Minutes. ... Meredith Vieira (born December 30, 1953) is an Emmy Award-winning American television personality, game show hostess and journalist. ...


Because of Malawi laws, Madonna and Guy Ritchie remain David Banda's foster parents for the required eighteen-month period. Recent reports have come out that they have passed the inspection trial for adoption and are now planning to adopt a second child, a Malawian girl named Mercy.


Kabbalah Center

Since the late-1990s, Madonna has become a devotee of the Kabbalah Centre and a disciple of its controversial head Rabbi Philip Berg and his wife Karen. Madonna and husband Guy Ritchie attend Kabbalah classes and have been reported to have adopted a number of aspects of the movement associated with Judaism. The media has reported that Madonna has taken on the Biblical name of Esther and has donated millions of dollars to Kabbalah Centres in London, New York, and Los Angeles[citation needed]. She no longer performs on Friday nights because this is the time when the Jewish Shabbat begins. Madonna wears a red string and has visited Israel with members of the Kabbalah Centre to celebrate some of the Jewish holidays. She also studies personally with her own private-tutor, Rabbi Eitan Yardeni, whose wife Sarah Yardeni runs Madonna's favorite charitable project, "Spirituality for Kids", a subsidiary of the Kabbalah Centre.[90] Madonna reportedly donated $21 million towards a new Kabbalah school for children.[91] The Kabbalah Centre is a highly profitable worldwide [1] marketing organization with headquarters in Los Angeles, California that offers a number of products and courses online and through its local centres. ... For the town in Italy, see Rabbi, Italy. ... Philip Berg (original name Feivel Gruberger) is the leader and founder, together with his wife Karen Berg, of the modern Kabbalah Centre. ... This article is about traditional Jewish Kabbalah. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Esther (1865), by John Everett Millais Esther (Hebrew: , Standard  Tiberian ), born Hadassah, was a woman in the Hebrew Bible, the queen of Ahasuerus (commonly identified with either Xerxes I or Artaxerxes II), and heroine of the Biblical Book of Esther which is named after her. ... For other uses, see Jew (disambiguation). ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... Wearing a thin red string (as a type of talisman) is a superstition associated with Judaisms Kabbalah in order to ward off misfortune brought about by an evil eye (ayin hara in Hebrew). ... A Jewish holiday or Jewish Festival is a day or series of days observed by Jews as holy or secular commemorations of important events in Jewish history. ...


Controversy erupted again well before the release of her most recent album, Confessions on a Dance Floor. Many Israeli rabbis condemned Madonna and the forthcoming song "Isaac" (tenth on its track listing) because they believed the song to be a tribute to Rabbi Isaac Luria, also known as Yitzhak Luria (1534–1572), one of the greatest Kabbalists of all time, and claimed that Jewish law forbids using a holy rabbi's name for profit. In interviews, Madonna had called this song: "The Binding of Isaac" and rumors spread that it was based on the major episode in the life of the Hebrew patriarch Isaac. Despite continued accusations that the song is about Isaac Luria, Madonna has repeatedly denied such accusations, claiming she could not think of a title for the song and, therefore, named it after Yitzhak (Isaac) Sinwani. In the song, Madonna sings with Sinwani, an Israeli singer, who is chanting a Yemenite Jewish song. Said Madonna: "The album isn't even out, so how could Jewish scholars in Israel know what my song is about? I don't know enough about Isaac Luria to write a song, though I've learned a bit in my studies."[92] Confessions on a Dance Floor is the tenth studio album by pop singer Madonna, released on 15 November 2005 by Warner Bros. ... The grave of Isaac Luria in Safed Rabbi Isaac Luria (1534 – July 25, 1572) was a Jewish mystic in Safed. ... Abraham Sacrificing Isaac by Laurent de LaHire, 1650 Akedah or the Binding of Isaac (‎, Akedát Yitzhák) in Genesis 22, is narration from the Hebrew Bible, in which God asks Abraham to sacrifice his son Isaac on Mount Moriah. ... Sacrifice of Isaac, a detail from the sarcophagus of the Roman consul Junius Bassus, ca. ... Yemenite Jews (Hebrew: תֵּימָנִים, Standard Temanim Tiberian ; singular תֵּימָנִי, Standard Temani Tiberian ) are those Jews who live, or whose recent ancestors lived, in Yemen (תֵּימָן, Standard Teman Tiberian ; far south), on the southern tip of the Arabian peninsula. ...


Madonna has openly defended her Kabbalah studies by stating, for example:

I wouldn't say studying Kabbalah for eight years goes under the category or falls under the category of being a fad or a trend. Now there might be people who are interested in it because they think it's trendy, I certainly do, but I can assure you that studying Kabbalah is actually a very challenging thing to do. It requires a lot of work, a lot of reading, a lot of time, a lot of commitment and a lot of discipline.[93]

Political views

Madonna opposes United States President George W. Bush. She endorsed Wesley Clark's Democratic nomination for the 2004 United States presidential election in an impassioned letter to her fans, saying at the time that "the future I wish for my children is at risk."[94] In the autumn of 2006, she expressed her support for Hillary Clinton in the 2008 election.[95] Most recently, she stated that she would be behind Al Gore if he decided to run for the 2008 elections after seeing his documentary on global warming, An Inconvenient Truth. She also urged her fans to see Michael Moore's Fahrenheit 9/11.[96] George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Wesley Kanne Clark (born December 23, 1944) is a retired four-star general of the United States Army. ... Presidential election results map. ... REDIRECT Hillary Rodham Clinton   This is a redirect from a title with another method of capitalisation. ... The United States presidential election of 2008, scheduled to be held on November 4, 2008, will be the 55th consecutive quadrennial president and vice president of the United States. ... This article is about the former Vice President of the United States. ... An Inconvenient Truth is an American Academy Award-winning documentary film about climate change, specifically global warming, presented by former United States Vice President Al Gore and directed by Davis Guggenheim. ... Michael Francis Moore (born April 23, 1954) is an American political-activist, a film director, author, social commentator, and political humorist. ... Fahrenheit 9/11 is a controversial, award-winning documentary film by American left-wing filmmaker Michael Moore which presents a critical look at the presidency of George W. Bush, the War on Terrorism, and its coverage in the American news media. ...


Criticism

Madonna's lyrics have been panned as simple or even dull by some,[97] though several critics view Madonna as a talented artist.[98][99]


Moments of her career in which Madonna has been heavily criticized include her 1989 music video for "Like a Prayer", the publication of the book Sex and album Erotica in 1992, her 2003 album American Life, her 2006 performance of "Live to Tell" during the Confessions Tour, and her adoption of Malawian infant David Banda in 2006. Like a Prayer track listing Like a Prayer (1) Express Yourself (2) The Immaculate Collection track listing La Isla Bonita (11) Like a Prayer (12) Express Yourself (13) This article is about the 1989 single by Madonna. ... Sex is the title of a highly-designed coffee table book written by Madonna with photographs by Steven Meisel Studio and film frames shot by Fabien Baron, released October 21, 1992 by Warner Books. ... Erotica is the sixth album by singer Madonna, released in 1992 (see 1992 in music). ... American Life is the ninth studio album by pop singer Madonna, released on April 22, 2003 by Maverick Records. ... True Blue track listing White Heat (3) Live to Tell (4) Wheres the Party (5) The Immaculate Collection track listing Into the Groove (7) Live to Tell (8) Papa Dont Preach (9) Something to Remember track listing This Used to Be My Playground (6) Live to Tell (7... For the live album of the tour, see The Confessions Tour (album). ...


Much of her career has seen rebellion against the Roman Catholic Church, which has generated criticism in the past. In 1990, when Madonna toured Italy with the Blond Ambition Tour, the Pope encouraged citizens not to attend the concert.[100] The Pope accused Madonna of blasphemy against the Catholic Church (a crime in Italy). A private association of devout Roman Catholics, called Famiglia Domani, also boycotted the show for many of the same displays of sexual innuendos and eroticism the Pope had denounced.[101] Catholic Church redirects here. ... The Blond Ambition Tour was a world concert tour by pop singer Madonna. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The Pope (from Latin... For the black metal band, see Blasphemy (band). ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The Pope (from Latin...


In response, in a 1990 press conference in Italy, Madonna declared, "I am Italian American and proud of it." In an interview with Rolling Stone magazine, Madonna said that the Pope's reaction hurt, "because I'm Italian, you know", but in another interview the same year stated that she had ceased to practice Catholicism because the Church "completely frowns on sex... except for procreation".[102] In the summer of 2006, Madonna drew criticism from Vatican officials when she took her Confessions Tour to Rome. Vatican officials claimed that Madonna's performance while hanging off a cross and wearing a crown of thorns was an open attack on Catholicism and should not be performed in the same city as the pope's residence.[103] An Italian-American is an American of Italian descent either born in America or someone who has immigrated. ... This article is about the magazine. ...


In the documentary Italians in America - Our Contribution, author Gay Talese relates Madonna's rebellion against the Catholic Church to her Italian ancestry. Talese claims that Madonna's paternal ancestors come from a region of Southern Italy with a long tradition of rebellion against the Catholic Church.[104] Despite her alleged rebellion, Madonna had both of her biological children baptized in a Roman Catholic Church. Gay Talese Gay Talese (born February 7, 1932) is an American author. ... Southern Italy, often referred to in Italian as the Mezzogiorno (a term first used in 19th century in comparison with French Midi ) encompasses six of the countrys 20 regions: Basilicata Campania Calabria Puglia Sicilia Sardinia Sicilia although it is geographically and administratively included in Insular Italy, it has a...


Madonna has received criticism from animal rights groups for wearing fur coats[105][106] and in the past, was criticized for renting out her house for hunting parties. Animal liberation redirects here. ...


Discography

Main article: Madonna discography

The discography of American pop singer Madonna includes ten studio albums, five compilations, three full soundtracks, two live albums and numerous singles. ...

Filmography

Main article: List of Madonna films

// Madonnas success in acting has been mostly panned by critics. ...

Bibliography

Madonna promoting her childrens book in 2005 Madonnas first venture into the literary world came with the release of her 1992 coffee table book, SEX. The book proved to be a massive success, selling out its entire first edition. ...

Impact on science

In 2006 a new water bear species (Latin: Tardigrada), Echiniscus madonnae Michalczyk & Kaczmarek, 2006[107] was named after Madonna. It is the first and the only (so far) species named in honour of the artist. The paper with the description of E. madonnae was published in the international journal of animal taxonomy Zootaxa in March 2006 (Vol. 1154, pages: 1-36). The authors' justification for the name of the new species was: "We take great pleasure in dedicating this species to one of the most significant artists of our times, Madonna Louise Veronica Ritchie". The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) number of the species is 711164.[108] Classes Heterotardigrada Mesotardigrada Eutardigrada Tardigrades (Tardigrada), or water bears, are a phylum of small, segmented animals, similar and related to the Arthropods. ... Zootaxa is an international journal for animal taxonomists. ... Please note that the ITIS system URL has changed (25 September 2006). ...


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Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 137th day of the year (138th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 147th day of the year (148th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 147th day of the year (148th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Carrie Frances Fisher (born October 21, 1956) is an American actress, screenwriter and novelist. ... is the 138th day of the year (139th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article concerns the British newspaper. ... is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 217th day of the year (218th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 322nd day of the year (323rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 107th day of the year (108th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 168th day of the year (169th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 107th day of the year (108th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 148th day of the year (149th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Carrie Frances Fisher (born October 21, 1956) is an American actress, screenwriter and novelist. ... is the 225th day of the year (226th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 342nd day of the year (343rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 343rd day of the year (344th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

When Madonna appeared on The Late Show with David Letterman in March 1994, her coarse language, including thirteen uses of the word fuck, made the episode the most censored in American network television talk-show history; it also resulted in some of the highest ratings of Lettermans late-night... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Madonna (entertainer). ... MTV Video Music Awards and nominations for Madonna // 1984 Best New Artist- Borderline 1985 Best Female Video - Material Girl Best Choreography - Material Girl Best Cinematography - Like A Virgin Best Choreography - Like A Virgin Best Art Direction - Like A Virgin 1986 MTV Video Vanguard Award - WON Best Choreography - Dress You Up... // According to Guinness Book of World Records,[1] Madonna is the most successful female solo artist of all time, selling 120 million albums as of November 2000. In a 2005 press release, her record label, Warner Bros. ... The worlds best-selling music artists cannot be listed officially, as there is no organization that has recorded global music sales in the manner that the RIAA does in the United States. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This is a list of number-one hits in the United States by year from the Billboard Hot 100. ... This is a list of number-one albums in the United States by year from the Billboard Top 200 Albums starting from the year 1970. ... This is a list of best-selling albums in the United States according to the Recording Industry Association of America. ... The worlds best-selling album cannot be listed officially, since there is no international body to count global record sales. ... The Best Selling Singles Artists in the UK were revealed in a Channel 4 documentary in February 2004. ... This is a list of recording artists who have reached number one on Billboard magazines weekly pop singles chart(s). ... This is a list of number-one dance hits as recorded by Billboard Magazine’s Hot Dance Club Play chart — a weekly national survey of popular songs in U.S. dance clubs. ... This is a list of recording artists who have reached number one on Billboard magazines Hot Dance Club Play chart. ... This is an incomplete list of recording artists who have reached number one on the singles and albums chart in Republic of Ireland. ... This is a list of recording artists who have reached number one on Australias singles chart from 1956 to the present. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
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Madonna (entertainer)
  • Madonna (entertainer) at People.com
  • She's Madonna
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Awards
Preceded by
MC Hammer
for
Please Hammer Don't Hurt 'Em The Movie
Grammy Award for Best Long Form Music Video
1992
for Blond Ambition World Tour - Live
Succeeded by
Annie Lennox
for Diva
Preceded by
Nicole Kidman
for To Die For
Golden Globe Award for Best Actress - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1997
for Evita
Succeeded by
Helen Hunt
for As Good as It Gets
Preceded by
Janet Jackson
for Got 'Til It's Gone
Grammy Award for Best Short Form Music Video
1999
for Ray of Light
Succeeded by
Korn
for Freak on a Leash
Preceded by
James Taylor
for Hourglass
Grammy Award for Best Pop Vocal Album
1999
for Ray of Light
Succeeded by
Sting
for Brand New Day
Preceded by
Giorgio Moroder & Donna Summer
for Carry On
Grammy Award for Best Dance Recording
1999
for Ray of Light
Succeeded by
Cher
for Believe
Preceded by
James Horner & Will Jennings
for My Heart Will Go On
Grammy Award for Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media
2000
for Beautiful Stranger
Succeeded by
Randy Newman
for When She Loved Me
Preceded by
The Chemical Brothers
for Push the Button
Grammy Award for Best Electronic/Dance Album
2007
for Confessions on a Dance Floor
Succeeded by
TBD
Persondata
NAME Madonna
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Ciccone, Madonna Louise
SHORT DESCRIPTION musician, singer, songwriter, actress, author
DATE OF BIRTH August 16, 1958
PLACE OF BIRTH Bay City, Michigan, United States
DATE OF DEATH
PLACE OF DEATH

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... People is a weekly American magazine of celebrity and human interest stories, published by Time Inc. ... MC Hammer (born Stanley Kirk Burrell on March 30, 1962) is an American MC who was popular during the late 1980s and early 1990s, known for his dramatic rise to and fall from fame and fortune, his trademark Hammer pants, and for leaving a lasting influence on hip hop culture... Please Hammer Dont Hurt Em is the second album by MC Hammer, released in 1990 by Capitol Records. ... The Grammy Award for Best Long Form Music Video has been awarded since 1984. ... Blond Ambition World Tour - Live is a music video title by singer Madonna. ... Annie Lennox (born Ann Lennox on 25 December 1954) is a Scottish musician and vocalist. ... A diva is a great female opera singer, a prima donna. ... Nicole Mary Kidman AC (born June 20, 1967), is an Australian [1] actress. ... To Die For is a 1995 film written by Buck Henry, based on the novel of the same name by Joyce Maynard (ISBN 0595269397), and directed by Gus Van Sant. ... The Golden Globe Award for Best Actress - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy was first awarded by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association as a separate category in 1950. ... Evita is the movie adaptation of Andrew Lloyd Webbers stage musical Evita, based on the life of Argentinas Eva Perón. ... Helen Elizabeth Hunt (born June 15, 1963) is an Emmy, Golden Globe and Academy Award-winning American actress, perhaps most widely known for her role in the television sitcom Mad About You. ... As Good as It Gets is a 1997 film which tells the story of an obsessive-compulsive, cantankerous, and homophobic writer named Melvin Udall (Jack Nicholson) who, because of his anxiety disorder, lives in a world that has shrunk to about the size of his apartment and the books he... Janet Damita Jo Jackson (born May 16, 1966) is an American actress, singer, songwriter, record producer, dancer, activist, and pop icon. ... Got Til Its Gone is the first single from Janet Jacksons sixth studio album, The Velvet Rope. The song was released as the international first single for the album. ... The Grammy Award for Best Short Form Music Video has been awarded since 1984. ... For the Michael Wong album, see Ray of Light (Michael Wong album). ... This article is about the band. ... Follow the Leader track listing Its On! (13) Freak on a Leash (14) Got the Life (15) Freak on a Leash is a commercially successful song by the band Korn. ... James Vernon Taylor (born March 12, 1948) is an American singer-songwriter and guitarist, born in Belmont, Massachusetts. ... For other uses, see Hourglass (disambiguation). ... The Grammy Award for Best Pop Vocal Album was awarded in 1968 and since 1995. ... For the Michael Wong album, see Ray of Light (Michael Wong album). ... This article is about the musician. ... Brand New Day is Sting‘s sixth solo album. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Donna Summer (born LaDonna Adrian Gaines, on December 31, 1948) is a legendary American singer, songwriter, and artist, best known for a string of dance hits in the 1970s that earned her the title Queen of Disco and as one of the few disco-based artists to have longevity on... Carry On was a straight edge hardcore punk band from California. ... The Grammy Award for Best Dance Recording has been awarded since 1998. ... Ray of Light is the second single by American singer Madonna from her 1998 album Ray of Light. ... This article is about Cher, the entertainer. ... Believe is a Grammy Award winning Dance song which served as the world-wide lead single for American singer Chers studio album Believe. ... James Roy Horner (born August 14, 1953) is an American composer of orchestral and film music. ... Will Jennings (born 1944 in Kilgore, Texas) is a prolific and highly successful American songwriter. ... My Heart Will Go On is the theme song of the 1997 blockbuster film Titanic. ... The Grammy Award for Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media has been awarded since 1988. ... Beautiful Stranger is a pop—dance music song written by American singer Madonna and William Orbit for the movie soundtrack Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me (1999). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Push the Button may refer to: Push the Button (Money Mark album), 1998 album Push the Button (Chemical Brothers album), 2005 album Push the Button (song), 2005 song by the Sugababes Push the Button (The Teapacks song), 2007 Category: ... The Grammy Award for Best Electronic/Dance Album was first awarded in 2005. ... Confessions on a Dance Floor is the tenth studio album by pop singer Madonna, released on 15 November 2005 by Warner Bros. ... Madonna is the self-titled debut album by pop singer Madonna, released on July 27, 1983 by Sire Records. ... Like a Virgin is the second studio album by singer Madonna. ... True Blue is the third studio album by pop singer Madonna, released on June 30, 1986 by Sire Records. ... This article is about the album. ... This article is about the album. ... Bedtime Stories is the sixth studio album (and the tenth release) by singer Madonna, released in 1994 (see 1994 in music). ... For the Michael Wong album, see Ray of Light (Michael Wong album). ... Alternate cover One of the four special edition album covers Alternate cover The Australian Tour Edition album cover features a larger cover art Music is the eighth studio album and fourteenth recording by singer Madonna, released in 2000 (see 2000 in music). ... American Life is the ninth studio album by pop singer Madonna, released on April 22, 2003 by Maverick Records. ... Confessions on a Dance Floor is the tenth studio album by pop singer Madonna, released on 15 November 2005 by Warner Bros. ... The eleventh studio album by pop singer Madonna is anticipated to be released on March 11, 2008 by Warner Bros. ... You Can Dance is the first compilation album by pop singer Madonna, released on November 17, 1987 by Sire Records. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Immaculate Collection is the second compilation by pop singer Madonna, released on November 13, 1990 by Sire Records. ... Something to Remember is the third compilation album by pop singer Madonna, released on November 7, 1995 by Maverick Records. ... GHV2 is Madonnas second greatest hits album and the follow-up to 1990s The Immaculate Collection. ... Remixed & Revisited is the 2nd remix EP by singer Madonna and 17th recording, released in 2003 (see 2003 in music). ... Confessions Remixed was released on April 11, 2006, with a limited print of only 3,000 copies. ... Whos That Girl is the first soundtrack album, and fourth release, by singer Madonna. ... Im Breathless: Music From and Inspired by the Film Dick Tracy (sometimes labelled as Dick Tracy: Im Breathless) is the fifth studio album, and seventh release, by singer Madonna. ... Evita, the soundtrack to the 1996 Motion Picture was released in two different formats; A 2-disc double album entitled Evita - The Motion Picture Music Soundtrack featured all the tracks from the film and a second release Evita - Music From The Motion Picture contained a selection of highlights from the... The Next Best Thing: Music From The Motion Picture is the soundtrack including two songs by singer Madonna, released in 2000 (see 2000 in music). ... Im Going to Tell You a Secret is Madonnas first ever live album. ... The Confessions Tour is the second live album by pop singer Madonna, released on January 26, 2007 by Warner Bros. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Virgin Tour 1985, Madonnas first concert tour, included visits to major United States and Canadian cities. ... After Madonnas 1985 The Virgin Tour, which took her to the biggest cities in North America, the Whos That Girl World Tour 1987 was the performers first world tour, which had her visiting cities in Japan, North America, and Europe. ... The Blond Ambition Tour was a world concert tour by pop singer Madonna. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The 2001 Drowned World Tour was Madonnas first world-tour in eight years, following her 1993 The Girlie Show Tour. ... Re-Invention Tour was a seven-country concert tour by Madonna starting in May 2004 which featured music from the beginning of her career to her 2003 album American Life. ... For the live album of the tour, see The Confessions Tour (album). ... The discography of American pop singer Madonna includes ten studio albums, five compilations, three full soundtracks, two live albums and numerous singles. ... Madonna in a scene from Jump music video (2006). ... // Madonnas success in acting has been mostly panned by critics. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... Madonna promoting her childrens book in 2005 Madonnas first venture into the literary world came with the release of her 1992 coffee table book, SEX. The book proved to be a massive success, selling out its entire first edition. ... The following is a list of songs recorded by Madonna, but that were chosen not to be used on her Warner Bros. ... American entertainer Madonna has, during the past three decades come to be regarded as a highly controversial figure in popular culture. ... “Instrumentalist” redirects here. ... A songwriter is someone who writes the lyrics to songs, the musical composition or melody to songs, or both. ... Actors in period costume sharing a joke whilst waiting between takes during location filming. ... For other uses, see Author (disambiguation). ... is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Bay City is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan located near the base of the Saginaw Bay on Lake Huron. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Madonna (entertainer) - MSN Encarta (542 words)
Madonna (entertainer), born in 1958, American pop singer and actor whose successful career has been fueled by her deliberately outrageous image.
The showing of Madonna’s music videos on MTV (see Music Television), a cable television music channel, was a major factor in her tremendous success in the pop music scene over the next few years.
Madonna lives in England with her husband, her daughter Lourdes, born in 1996, and her son Rocco, born in 2000.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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