FACTOID # 28: Austin, Texas has more people than Alaska.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Madhya Pradesh
  ?Madhya Pradesh
India
Coordinates: 23°10′N 77°13′E / 23.17, 77.21
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area 308,144 km² (118,975 sq mi)
Capital Bhopal
Largest city Indore
District(s) 48
Population
Density
60,385,118 (7th)
• 196/km² (508/sq mi)
Language(s) Hindi
Governor Balram Jakhar
Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan
Established 1956-11-01
Legislature (seats) Unicameral (231)
ISO abbreviation IN-MP
Website: www.mp.nic.in
Seal of Madhya Pradesh

Coordinates: 23°10′N 77°13′E / 23.17, 77.21 Image File history File links India_Madhya_Pradesh_locator_map. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Location of Mirzapur and the 82. ... The geography of India is diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, rainforests, hills, and plateaus. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here surface areas between 100,000 km² and 1,000,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh National Capital Territory of Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Andaman and Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra and Nagar... For other uses, see Bhopal (disambiguation). ... , Indore (Hindi:इन्दौर ,Marathi:इंदूर)  , a large city in the Malwa region of Central India is the commercial capital of the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. ... The divisions of a district. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh National Capital Territory of Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Andaman and Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra and Nagar... As a large and linguistically diverse country, India does not have a single official language. ... Hindi (DevanāgarÄ«: or , IAST: , IPA:  ), an Indo-European language spoken all over India in varying degrees and extensively in northern and central India, is one of the 22 official languages of India and is also used for central government administrative purposes , along with English. ... Governors of Madhya Pradesh See Also Madhya Pradesh Governors of India Links Categories: India-related stubs | Madhya Pradesh | Indian politicians | Office-holders | Government of India ... Dr Balram Jakhar Dr Balram Jakhar (b. ... Chief Ministers of Madhya Pradesh See Also Madhya Pradesh Chief Ministers of India Links Categories: India-related stubs | Madhya Pradesh | Indian politicians | Office-holders | Government of India ... Shivraj Singh Chauhan (b. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A car from 1956 Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Government of India (Hindi: भारत सरकार [1]Bhārat Sarkār), officially referred to as the Union Government, and commonly as Central Government, was established by the Constitution of India, and is the governing authority of a federal union of 28 states and 7 union territories, collectively called the Republic of... Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... ISO 3166-2 for India (ISO 3166-1 : IN) The purpose of this family of standards is to establish a worldwide series of short abbreviations for places, for use on package labels, containers and such. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


Madhya Pradesh (abbreviated as MP) pronunciation  (Hindī: मध्य प्रदेश, English: Middle State, IPA: [məd̪ʰjə prəd̪eːʃ]), often called the Heart of India, is a state in central India. Its capital is Bhopal. Madhya Pradesh was originally the largest state in India until November 1, 2000 when the state of Chhattisgarh was carved out. It borders the states Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Rajasthan. Image File history File links MadhyaPradesh. ... Hindi (DevanāgarÄ«: or , IAST: , IPA:  ), an Indo-European language spoken all over India in varying degrees and extensively in northern and central India, is one of the 22 official languages of India and is also used for central government administrative purposes , along with English. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... India is a federal republic comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. ... For other uses, see Bhopal (disambiguation). ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... , Chhattisgarh (Chhattisgarhi/Hindi: छत्तीसगढ़, IPA: )  , a state in central India, formed when the sixteen Chhattisgarhi-speaking southeastern districts of Madhya Pradesh gained statehood on November 1, 2000. ... , Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: , Urdu: , IPA:  , translation: Northern Province), [often referred to as U.P.], located in central-south Asia and northern India, is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Republic of India. ... , Chhattisgarh (Chhattisgarhi/Hindi: छत्तीसगढ़, IPA: )  , a state in central India, formed when the sixteen Chhattisgarhi-speaking southeastern districts of Madhya Pradesh gained statehood on November 1, 2000. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA:  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... This article is for the Indian state. ... , Rājasthān (DevanāgarÄ«: राजस्थान, IPA: )   is the largest state of the Republic of India in terms of area. ...

Contents

History

Ancient

The Sanchi stupa in Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh built by emperor Ashoka in the third century BC
The Sanchi stupa in Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh built by emperor Ashoka in the third century BC

The city of Ujjain (also known as Avanti) arose as a major center in the second wave of Indian urbanization in the sixth century BC, and served as the chief city of the kingdom of Malwa or Avanti. Further east, the kingdom of Chedi lie in Bundelkhand. Chandragupta Maurya united northern India c. 320 BCE, establishing the Maurya empire (321 to 185 BCE), which included all of modern-day Madhya Pradesh. King Ashoka's wife was said to come from Vidisha- a town north of today's Bhopal. The Maurya empire went into decline after the death of Asoka, and Central India was contested among the Sakas, Kushanas, and local dynasties during the 3rd to 1st centuries BCE. Ujjain emerged as the predominant commercial center of western India from the first century BCE, located on the trade routes between the Ganges plain and India's Arabian Sea ports. It was also an important Hindu and Buddhist center. The Satavahana dynasty of the northern Deccan and the Saka dynasty of the Western Satraps fought for the control of Madhya Pradesh during the 1st to 3rd centuries CE. Download high resolution version (866x578, 111 KB) Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (866x578, 111 KB) Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... , Sanchi is a small village in India, located 46 km north east of Bhopal, and 10 km from Besnagar and Vidisha in the central part of the state of Madhya Pradesh. ... , Ujjain   (Hindi:उज्जैन) (also known as Ujain, Ujjayini, Avanti, Avantikapuri) is an ancient city of central India, in the Malwa region of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, on the eastern bank of the Kshipra River. ... Malwa (Malvi:माळवा) is a region in western India occupying a plateau of volcanic origin in the western part of Madhya Pradesh state and the south-eastern part of Rajasthan. ... Chedi kingdom (चेदि) was one among the many kingdoms ruled during early periods by Paurava kings and later by Yadav kings in the central and western India. ... Allegiance: Maurya Dynasty Rank: Emperor Succeeded by: Bindusara Maurya Reign: 322 BC-298 BC Place of birth: Indian subcontinent Chandragupta Maurya (Sanskrit: चन्द्रगुप्त मौर्य; Romanized Greek: Sandrakottos), whilst often referred to as Sandrakottos outside India, is also known simply as Chandragupta (born c. ... A representation of the Lion Capital of Ashoka, which was erected around 250 BCE. It is the emblem of India. ... Vidisha or Besnagar or old name Bhelsa is a city in Madhya Pradesh,near its capital Bhopal, state of central India. ... This article is about Ashoka, the emperor. ... A cataphract-style parade armour of a Saka royal from the Issyk kurgan. ... Boundary of the Kushan empire, c. ... “Ganga” redirects here. ... The Arabian Sea (Arabic: بحر العرب; transliterated: Bahr al-Arab) is a region of the Indian Ocean bounded on the east by India, on the north by Pakistan and Iran, on the west by Arabian Peninsula, on the south, approximately, by a line between Cape Guardafui, the north-east point of Somalia... Bhavna says there are 300 million gods in Hinduism. ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... The Sātavāhanas (Marathi:सातवाहन Telugu:సాతవాహనులు), also known as the Andhras, were a dynasty which ruled from Junnar, Pune over Southern and Central India starting from around 230 BCE. Although there is some controversy about when the dynasty came to an end, the most liberal estimates suggest that it lasted... The Deccan Plateau is a vast plateau in India, encompassing most of Central and Southern India. ... The Western Satraps, or Western Kshatrapas (35-405) were Saka rulers of the western and central part of India (Saurashtra and Malwa: modern Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh states). ...


Northern India was conquered by the Gupta empire in the 4th and 5th centuries, which became known as India's "classical age". The Vakataka dynasty were the southern neighbors of the Guptas, ruling the northern Deccan plateau from the Arabian Sea to the Bay of Bengal. These empires collapsed towards the end of the 5th century. The Gupta Empire under Chandragupta II (ruled 375-415) The Gupta Empire was one of the largest political and military empires in the world. ... The Vakataka was an Indian dynasty. ... The Deccan Plateau is a vast plateau in India, encompassing most of Central and Southern India. ...


Medieval

The attacks of the Hephthalites or White Huns brought about the collapse of the Gupta empire, and India broke up into smaller states. A king Yasodharman of Malwa defeated the Huns in 528, ending their expansion. King Harsha of Thanesar reunited northern India for a few decades before his death in 647. The Medieval period saw the rise of the Rajput clans, including the Paramaras of Malwa and the Chandelas of Bundelkhand. The Paramara king Bhoj (c. 1010-1060) was a brilliant polymath and prolific writer. The Chandelas created the temple city of Khajuraho between c. 950 and c. 1050. Gond kingdoms emerged in Gondwana and Mahakoshal. Northern Madhya Pradesh was conquered by the Muslim Delhi Sultanate in the 13th century. After the collapse of the Delhi Sultanate at the end of the 14th century, independent regional kingdoms reemerged, including the Tomara Rajput kingdom of Gwalior and the Muslim Sultanate of Malwa, with its capital at Mandu. The Malwa Sultanate was conquered by the Sultanate of Gujarat in 1531. Common Era (CE)  Modern (SSR = Soviet Socialist Republic) Afghanistan  Azerbaijan  Bahrain  Iran  Iraq  Tajikistan  Uzbekistan  This box:      The Hephthalites (425 - 557 CE) (Persian: ‎ or هپتالیان) were a people of obscure origin who at certain periods played an important role in the history of Persia and India. ... Yasodharman was the king of Malwa, in central India, during the early part of the 6th century. ... Harsha or Harshavardhana (606-648) was an Indian emperor who ruled northern India as paramount monarch for over forty years. ... Thanesar is an old and historic town on the banks of the Ghaggar river in North India, located approximately 160 km northwest of Delhi. ... Rajput constitute one of the major Hindu Kshatriya groups from India. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Chandela or Chandel is a gotra found in Rajputs in India. ... Bhoj was a great philosopher king and polymath of medieval India. ... Leonardo da Vinci, a polymath, is seen as the epitome of the related term, Renaissance Man A polymath (Greek polymathÄ“s, πολυμαθής, having learned much)[1][2] is a person with encyclopedic, broad, or varied knowledge or learning. ... Khajuraho (Hindi खजुराहो) is a village in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, located in Chhatarpur District, about 385 miles (620 kilometres) southeast of Delhi, the capital city of India. ... Gondi refers to a people and their language in Central India. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... The Delhi Sultanate (دلی سلطنت), or Sulthanath-e-Hind (سلطنتِ ہند) / Sulthanath-e-Dilli (سلطنتِ دلی) refers to the various Muslim dynasties that ruled in India from 1210 to 1526. ... The Tomar or Tanwar is a northwestern Indian clan of the Chandravanshi Rajputs caste. ... , Gwalior   is a city in Madhya Pradesh in India. ... Mandu, or Mandogarh, is a ruined city in the Dhar District in the Malwa region of western Madhya Pradesh state, central India. ... This article is for the Indian state. ...


Modern

Most of Madhya Pradesh came under Mughal rule during the reign of the emperor Akbar (1556–1605). Gondwana and Mahakoshal remained under the control of Gond kings, who acknowledged Mughal supremacy but enjoyed virtual autonomy. After the death of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb in 1707 Mughal control began to weaken, and the Marathas began to expand from their base in central Maharashtra. Between 1720 and 1760 the Marathas took control of most of Madhya Pradesh, and Maratha clans were established semi-autonomous states under the nominal control of the Maratha Peshwa. The Holkars of Indore ruled much of Malwa, and the Bhonsles of Nagpur dominated Mahakoshal and Gondwana as well as Vidarbha in Maharashtra. Jhansi was founded by a Maratha general. Bhopal was ruled by a Muslim dynasty descended from the Afghan General Dost Mohammed Khan. Maratha expansion was checked at the Third Battle of Panipat in 1761. The Mughal Empire (alternative spelling Mogul, which is the origin of the word Mogul) of India was founded by Babur in 1526, when he defeated Ibrahim Lodi, the last of the Delhi Sultans at the First Battle of Panipat. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Aurangzeb (Persian: (full title Al-Sultan al-Azam wal Khaqan al-Mukarram Abdul Muzaffar Muhiuddin Muhammad Aurangzeb Bahadur Alamgir I, Padshah Ghazi) (November 3, 1618 – March 3, 1707), also known by his chosen Imperial title Alamgir I (Conqueror of the Universe) (Persian: ), was the ruler of the Mughal Empire from... The Marāthās (Marathi: , also Mahrattas) form an Indo Aryan group of Hindu warriors and peasants hailing mostly from the present-day state of Maharashtra, who created a the expansive Maratha Empire, covering a major part of India, in the late 17th and 18th centuries. ... The Maratha Empire at its peak in 1760 The Peshwa(Marathi:पेशवे or पेशवा) (also known in Marathi as Peshwe) were Brahmin Prime Ministers to the Maratha Chattrapatis (Kings), who began commanding Maratha armies and later became the hereditary rulers of the Maratha empire of central India from 1749 to 1818. ... Jaswant Rao Holkar 1798-1811 AD Holkar of Indore Silver, Nazrana Rupee Minted at Indore in 1807 AD (1222 AH) Weight: 14. ... , Indore (Hindi:इन्दौर ,Marathi:इंदूर)  , a large city in the Malwa region of Central India is the commercial capital of the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. ... The Bhonsle or Bhonsale were a prominent Maratha clan who served as rulers of several states in India . ... , Nāgpur   (Marathi: नागपुर) Third largest city in the western Indian state of Maharashtra after Mumbai and Pune with a population of 2. ... Mahakoshal (also Mahakaushal) is a region of central India. ... For other uses of Gondwana and Gondwanaland, see Gondwana (disambiguation). ... Map of the districts comprising the Vidarbha region. ... , Jhansi   झांसी is a city of Uttar Pradesh state of northern India. ... Dost Mahommed Khan (1793 - June 9, 1863) founded the Barakzai dynasty in Afghanistan. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


The British were expanding their Indian dominions from bases in Bengal, Bombay, and Madras, and the three Anglo-Maratha wars were fought between 1775 and 1818. The Third Anglo-Maratha War left the British supreme in India. Most of Madhya Pradesh, including the large states of Indore, Bhopal, Nagpur, Rewa, and dozens of smaller states, became princely states of British India, and the Mahakoshal region became a British province, the Saugor and Nerbudda Territories. In 1853 the British annexed the state of Nagpur, which included southeastern Madhya Pradesh, eastern Maharashtra and most of Chattisgarh, which were combined with the Saugor and Nerbudda Territories to form the Central Provinces in 1861. The princely states of northern Madhya Pradesh were governed by the Central India Agency. For other uses, see Bengal (disambiguation). ... This article or section should be merged with Mumbai Mumbai (previously known as Bombay) is the worlds most populous conurbation, and is the sixth most populous agglomeration in the world. ... Madras refers to: the Indian city of Chennai, formerly known as Madras, the former Indian state, now known as Tamil Nadu (Plural of Madra): Ancient people of Iranian affinites, who lived in northwest Panjab in the Uttarapatha division of ancient India. ... The Anglo-Maratha Wars were three wars fought in India between the Maratha Empire and the British East India Company. ... The Third Anglo-Maratha War (1817 - 1818) was a final and decisive conflict between Britain and the Maratha empire in India, which left Britain in control of most of India. ... Rewa is a city in northern Madhya Pradesh state, central India. ... A princely state is any state under the reign of a prince and is thus a principality taken in the broad sense. ... Anthem God Save The Queen/King British India, circa 1860 Capital Calcutta (1858-1912), New Delhi (1912-1947) Language(s) Hindi, Urdu, English and many others Government Monarchy Emperor of India  - 1877-1901 Victoria  - 1901-1910 Edward VII  - 1910-1936 George V  - January-December 1936 Edward VIII  - 1936-1947 George... The Saugor and Nerbudda Territories was a region of British India, located in central part of present-day Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ... , Nāgpur   (Marathi: नागपुर) Third largest city in the western Indian state of Maharashtra after Mumbai and Pune with a population of 2. ... Chhattisgarh (छत्तीसगढ़), a state in central India, formed when the sixteen southeastern districts of Madhya Pradesh gained statehood on November 1, 2000. ... A British Raj province comprising British conquests from the Mughals and Marathas in central India. ... The Central India Agency was a political unit of British India, which covered the northern half of present-day Madhya Pradesh state. ...


After Indian independence

Madhya Pradesh was created in 1950 from the former British Central Provinces and Berar and the princely states of Makrai and Chhattisgarh, with Nagpur as the capital of the state. The new states of Madhya Bharat, Vindhya Pradesh, and Bhopal were formed out of the Central India Agency. In 1956, the states of Madhya Bharat, Vindhya Pradesh, and Bhopal were merged into Madhya Pradesh, and the Marathi-speaking southern region Vidarbha, which included Nagpur, was ceded to Bombay state. Bhopal became the new capital of the state. In November 2000, as part of the Madhya Pradesh Reorganization Act, the southeastern portion of the state split off to form the new state of Chhattisgarh. The Central Provinces and Berar was a province of British India. ... A princely state or native state was a feudal monarchy in British India ruled by a hereditary ruler, who was nominally sovereign. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... , Nāgpur   (Marathi: नागपुर) Third largest city in the western Indian state of Maharashtra after Mumbai and Pune with a population of 2. ... Madhya Bharat is former state in west-central India. ... Vindhya Pradesh is a former state of India. ... Bhopal state was an independent state of 18th century India, a princely state of British India from 1818 to 1947, and an Indian state from 1949 to 1956. ... Marathi is one of the widely spoken languages of India, and has a long literary history. ... Map of the districts comprising the Vidarbha region. ... Bombay state is a former state of India. ... , Chhattisgarh (Chhattisgarhi/Hindi: छत्तीसगढ़, IPA: )  , a state in central India, formed when the sixteen Chhattisgarhi-speaking southeastern districts of Madhya Pradesh gained statehood on November 1, 2000. ...


Geography

Madhya Pradesh in Hindi can be translated to Central Province, and it is located in the geographic heart of India. The state straddles the Narmada River, which runs east and west between the Vindhya and Satpura ranges; these ranges and the Narmada are the traditional boundary between the north and south of India. The state is bordered on the west by Gujarat, on the northwest by Rajasthan, on the northeast by Uttar Pradesh, on the east by Chhattisgarh, and on the south by Maharashtra. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Satpura Range is a range of hills in central India. ... Pachmarhi is a hill station in Madhya Pradesh state of central India. ... The Narmada River in central India The Narmada (Gujarati: નર્મદા Devanagri: नर्मदा or Nerbudda (Narbada) is a river in central India in Indian subcontinent. ... The Vindhya Range is a range of hills in central India, which geographically separates The Indian subcontinent into northern India and Southern India. ... The Satpura Range is a range of hills in central India. ... This article is for the Indian state. ... , Rājasthān (DevanāgarÄ«: राजस्थान, IPA: )   is the largest state of the Republic of India in terms of area. ... , Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: , Urdu: , IPA:  , translation: Northern Province), [often referred to as U.P.], located in central-south Asia and northern India, is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Republic of India. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA:  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ...


Madhya Pradesh comprises several linguistically and culturally distinct regions, including:

  • Malwa: a plateau region in the northwest of the state, north of the Vindhya Range, with its distinct language and culture. Indore is the major city of the region, while Bhopal lies on the edge of Bundelkhand region. Ujjain is a town of historical importance.
  • Nimar (Nemar): the western portion of the Narmada River valley, lying south of the Vindhyas in the southwest portion of the state.
  • Bundelkhand: a region of rolling hills and fertile valleys in the northern part of the state, which slopes down toward the Indo-Gangetic plain to the north. Gwalior is an historic center of the region.
  • Chambal: the north-western region. A mountainous region rich in red, soft, and fragile sandstone. The climate is harsh, and the area is known for murderous pirates who were active in hundreds in the late 1900s.
  • Baghelkhand: a hilly region in the northeast of the state, which includes the eastern end of the Vindhya Range.
  • Mahakoshal (Mahakaushal): the southeastern portion of the state, which includes the eastern end of the Narmada river valley and the eastern Satpuras. Jabalpur is the most important city in the region.
  • Central Vindhya and Satpura region. Which has most of the central Narmada river valley and watershed, and has the highest point in the state - Dhupgarh in Pachmarhi.

Malwa (Malvi:माळवा) is a region in western India occupying a plateau of volcanic origin in the western part of Madhya Pradesh state and the south-eastern part of Rajasthan. ... , Indore (Hindi:इन्दौर ,Marathi:इंदूर)  , a large city in the Malwa region of Central India is the commercial capital of the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. ... , Ujjain   (Hindi:उज्जैन) (also known as Ujain, Ujjayini, Avanti, Avantikapuri) is an ancient city of central India, in the Malwa region of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, on the eastern bank of the Kshipra River. ... Nimar is the southwestern region of Madhya Pradesh state in west-central India. ... Bundelkhand is a geographic region of central India. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... , Gwalior   is a city in Madhya Pradesh in India. ... we compare prices of books across major online booksellers in real time. ... Bagelkhand (or Bagelkhand) is a region in central India, in northeastern Madhya Pradesh state. ... Mahakoshal (also Mahakaushal) is a region of central India. ... , Jabalpur (Hindi: जबलपुर) is a city in the state of Madhya Pradesh in India. ... The Vindhya Range is a range of hills in central India, which geographically separates The Indian subcontinent into northern India and Southern India. ... The Satpura Range is a range of hills in central India. ... Pachmarhi is a hill station in Madhya Pradesh state of central India. ...

Rivers of Madhya Pradesh

The Bansagar Dam on Sone River
The Bansagar Dam on Sone River

Madhya Pradesh represents great river basins and the watershed of a number of rivers. Catchments of many rivers of India lie in Madhya Pradesh. The Narmada (originating from Amarkantak) and Tapti (originating from Multai of Betul District) rivers and their basins divide the state in two, with the northern part draining largely into the Ganga basin and the southern part into the Godavari and Mahanadi systems. The Vindhyas form the southern boundary of the Ganga basin, with the western part of the Ganga basin draining into the Yamuna and the eastern part directly into the Ganga itself. All the rivers, which drain into the Ganga, flow from south to north, with the Chambal, Sipra, Kali Sind, Parbati, Kuno, Sind, Betwa, Dhasan and Ken rivers being the main tributaries of the Yamuna. The land drained by these rivers is agriculturally rich, with the natural vegetation largely consisting of grass and dry deciduous forest types, largely thorny. The eastern part of the Ganga basin consists of the Son, the Tons and the Rihand Rivers, with the Son being the major tributary. This is also the junction point of the Satpura and the Vindhya ranges, with the Maikal and Kaimur Hills being the fulcrum. The forests here are much richer than the thorn forests of the northwestern part of Madhya Pradesh. The Son is of great significance in that it is the largest tributary going into the Ganga on the south bank and arising out of the hills of Madhya Pradesh rather than from the Himalayas. This river and its tributaries contribute the bulk of the monsoon flow into Ganga, because the north bank tributaries are all snow fed. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (1500 × 1000 pixel, file size: 229 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Self created I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (1500 × 1000 pixel, file size: 229 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Self created I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU... View of Bansagar Dam at Deolond Bansagar or (बाणसागर) is a multipurpose river valley project on Son River in Madhya Pradesh, India envisaging both irrigation and hydroelectric power generation. ... The Son River or Sone of central India is the largest of the Ganges southern tributaries. ... A drainage basin is the area within the drainage basin divide (blue outline), and drains the surface runoff and river discharge (green lines) of a contiguous area. ... The Narmada River in central India The Narmada (Gujarati: નર્મદા Devanagri: नर्मदा or Nerbudda (Narbada) is a river in central India in Indian subcontinent. ... , Amarkantak (Devanagari: अमरकंटक) is a pilgrim town and a nagar panchayat in Anuppur District in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. ... The Tapti River (also Tapi River) is a river of central India. ... Multai is a town and a nagar panchayat in Betul district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. ... Betul district is one of the districts of Madhya Pradesh state of India, and Betul town is the district headquarters. ... This article is about the river. ... Godavari river map The Godavari River, adjacent to the town of Kovvur This article is about Godavari River in India. ... The Mahanadi River is a river of eastern India. ... The Vindhya range The Vindhya Range is a range of hills in central India, which geographically separates The Indian subcontinent into northern India and Southern India. ... Not to be confused with the nearby Jamuna River a tributary of the Meghna River, which is sometimes confused both in older historical literature, and by translations of the local dialects. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The Shipra, also known as the Kshipra, is a river in Madhya Pradesh state of central India. ... Kali Sindh is a river in the Malwa region of Madhya Pradesh, that joins the Chambal River at downstream of Sawai Madhopur in Rajasthan. ... Parbati River is a river in Madhya Pradesh, India that flows into the Chambal River. ... The Sindh is a river of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ... The Betwa (Vetravati) is a river in Northern India, and a tributary of the Yamuna. ... The Dhasan River is a tributary of the Betwa River. ... The Ken River is one the major rivers passing through the Banda district of Bundelkahnd, India. ... For other uses, see Grass (disambiguation). ... The tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forest biome is located at tropical and subtropical latitudes. ... The Ganga receives numerous tributaries from the Southern Uplands among which the Son is the largest and it joins ganga from the south along with Gandak, Gumti, Ghaghara, and sarda rivers. ... The Tons is present in India. ... The Rihand is a river in east-central India, a tributary of the Son River. ... The Satpura Range is a range of hills in central India. ... The Vindhya Range is a range of hills in central India, which geographically separates The Indian subcontinent into northern India and Southern India. ... For the movie Himalaya, see Himalaya (film). ...


The major tributary of the Ganga, the Son, arises in one of the most important watersheds in India, the Maikal hills around Amarkantak. Three of the great rivers of India, Narmada, Mahanadi and Son, are given birth to by these hills. This is also one of the few ranges in the State having a north south configuration. The Mahanadi itself, together with its tributaries such as Hasdeo, Mand and Kharun flows southeast into Orissa and converts that State into a green rice bowl. The upper Mahanadi catchment contains some of the finest forests in the State, ranging from mixed deciduous to teak, bamboo and Sal. Just as the Mahanadi flows east from the Maikal hills and the Son flows north, the mighty Narmada charts a westerly course from these very hills. The Narmada flows through a rift valley, with the Vindhyas marching along its northern bank and the Satpuras along the southern. Its tributaries include the Banjar, the Tawa, the Machna, the Denwa and the Sonbhardra rivers. Taken in combination with its parallel sister river, the Tapti, which also flows through a rift valley, the Narmada - Tapti systems carry and enormous volume of water and provide drainage for almost a quarter of the land area of Madhya Pradesh. , Amarkantak (Devanagari: अमरकंटक) is a pilgrim town and a nagar panchayat in Anuppur District in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. ... Mand is a village located in Jalandhar district in Punjab, India. ... , Orissa   (Oriya: ଓଡ଼ିଶା), is a state situated on the east coast of India. ... Species Tectona grandis Tectona hamiltoniana Tectona philippinensis Teak (Tectona), is a genus of tropical hardwood trees in the family Verbenaceae, native to the south and southeast of Asia, and is commonly found as a component of monsoon forest vegetation. ... For other uses, see Bamboo (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Roth Sal (Shorea robusta) is a species of tree native to southern Asia, ranging south of the Himalaya, from Myanmar in the east to India, Bangladesh, and Nepal. ... The Mahanadi River is a river of eastern India. ... A son is a male offspring; a boy, man, or male animal in relation to either or both of his parents. ... The Narmada River in central India The Narmada (Gujarati: નર્મદા Devanagri: नर्मदा or Nerbudda (Narbada) is a river in central India in Indian subcontinent. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The Tawa River is a tributary of the Narmada River of central India. ... The Tapti River is a river of central India. ...


The Satpuras, in the Gawligarh and Mahadeo Hills, also contain a watershed, which is south facing. The Indrawati, the Wainganga, the Wardha, the Pench, the Kanhan and Penganga rivers, discharge an enormous volume of water into the Godavari system. The Godavari is the lifeline of Andhra Pradesh, but the water which feeds it is a gift of the Central India watershed. Some of the finest sub-tropical, semi moist forests in India are to be found in the Godavari basin, mainly in the valley of the Indrawati. There are very few virgin forests left in the country, but very fine examples of these are to be found in Bastar area along the Indrawati and in the Kanger valley in Chhattisgarh. The Satpura Range is a range of hills in central India. ... The Indravati River is a tributary of the Godavari River, located in central India. ... The Wainganga is a river of India, which originates in the southern slopes of the Satpura Range, and flows south through Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra in a very winding course of approximatedly 360 miles. ... The Wardha river is one of the biggest rivers in Vidarbha region in India. ... Bhaskaracharya 03:51, 10 July 2007 (UTC)username Map:http://projecttiger. ... Godavari river map The Godavari River, adjacent to the town of Kovvur This article is about Godavari River in India. ... “Andhra” redirects here. ... The geography of India is extremely diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, hills and plateaus. ... Subtropical (or semitropical) areas are those adjacent to the tropics, usually roughly defined as the ranges 23. ... Bastar is a district of the state of Chhattisgarh, India. ...


The importance of Central India watershed was first noted by Captain Forsyth and remarked upon in his book, “The Highlands of Central India”, first published in 1889. This is what he has to state in the introductory chapter to his book, “Yet in the very center of India there exists a considerable region to which the term highlands — is strictly applicable; and in which are enormous peaks and ranges, for which the term mountain would, in any other country, be used. Several of the great rivers of India have their first source in this elevated region. And pour their water into the sea on either side of the peninsula – to the north the Son commingling with the Ganges, to the east the Mahanadi, flowing independently to the Bay of Bengal, to the south some of the principal feeders of the Godavari, and to the west the Narmada and the Tapti taking parallel courses to the Arabian Sea. A peninsula in Croatia A peninsula is a piece of land that is bordered on three or more sides by water. ... The Ganga receives numerous tributaries from the Southern Uplands among which the Son is the largest and it joins ganga from the south along with Gandak, Gumti, Ghaghara, and sarda rivers. ... “Ganga” redirects here. ... The Mahanadi River is a river of eastern India. ... Look up Bay of Bengal in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Godavari river map The Godavari River, adjacent to the town of Kovvur This article is about Godavari River in India. ... The Narmada River in central India The Narmada (Gujarati: નર્મદા Devanagri: नर्मदा or Nerbudda (Narbada) is a river in central India in Indian subcontinent. ... The Tapti River is a river of central India. ... The Arabian Sea (Arabic: بحر العرب; transliterated: Bahr al-Arab) is a region of the Indian Ocean bounded on the east by India, on the north by Pakistan and Iran, on the west by Arabian Peninsula, on the south, approximately, by a line between Cape Guardafui, the north-east point of Somalia...


There are many important multi-state irrigation projects in development, including Godavari River Basin Irrigation Projects. Dowleswaram Barrage Jalaput Balimela Reservoir Nizam Sagar Sriram Sagar ...


Climate

Madhya Pradesh has a subtropical climate. Like most of north India it has a hot dry summer(April-June) followed by monsoon rains (July-September) and a cool and relatively dry winter. The average rainfall is about 45'. It decreases from east to west. The south-eastern districts have the heaviest rainfall, some places receiving as much as 70', while the western and north-western districts receive 30' or less. Subtropical (or semitropical) areas are those adjacent to the tropics, usually roughly defined as the ranges 23. ... Dark green region marks the approximate extent of northern India while the regions marked as light green lies within the sphere of north Indian influence. ...


Economy

Macro-economic trend

Following is a table showing trend of gross state domestic product of Madhya Pradesh at market prices estimated by Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation with figures in millions of Indian Rupees.

Year Gross State Domestic Product
1980 77,880 [1]
1985 139,050 [1]
1990 304,720 [1]
1995 478,410
2000 737,150
  1. ^ a b c includes Chattisgarh

Madhya Pradesh's gross state domestic product for 2004 is estimated at $32 billion in current prices. After partition, the new Madhya Pradesh state produces about 70% of the output of the old Madhya Pradesh state - the rest is produced by Chattisgarh.


Agriculture

This is a chart of output of major commodities of Madhya Pradesh.

Commodity National Share
Soybeans 75%
Grams 36%
Oilseeds 25%
Pulses 24%
Food grains 8%

Binomial name Glycine max Soybeans (US) or soya beans (UK) (Glycine max) are a high-protein legume (Family Fabaceae) grown as food for both humans and livestock. ... Binomial name Lens culinaris Medikus Red lentils Lentils (Lens culinaris, Fabaceae) are lens-shaped pulses that grow on an annual, bushlike plant. ... Seeds which are grown for their oil. ... The Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) defines pulses as annual leguminous crops yielding from one to 12 grains or seeds of variable size, shape and colour within a pod. ...

Industry

Only one S&P CNX 500 conglomerate has its corporate office in Madhya Pradesh viz. Ruchi Soya Industries (2005 gross income Rs.49,661 million).Many Agricultural Industries and Engineering Industries.


Minor forest produce

MFP from the forests, such as Tendu leaves used to roll bidi's, Sal seed, teak seed and lak are a major contributor to the rural economy of the state. MFP-PARC (Minor Forest Produce - Processing & Research Centre) is located in the state capital - Bhopal. MFP-PARC [1] is a unit of M P Minor Forest Produce (Trading & Development) Co-operative Federation Limited. "Vindhya Herbals" is the brand of various ayurvedic, herbal & fruit products produced by M P MFP Federation. Apart from MFP-PARC, these products are also produced in Rehti (Sehore District), Barman (Narsinghpur District), Katni, Panna & Dewas in Madhya Pradesh. Some more processing centres are in the pipeline.


Government and politics

Madhya Pradesh has a 230-seat state Legislative Assembly. The state also sends 40 members to the Parliament of India: 29 are elected to the Lok Sabha (Lower House) and 11 to the Rajya Sabha (Upper House). A Legislative Assembly in some parts of the Commonwealth refers to a legislature, or a chamber of the legislature. ... Sansad Bhavan, The Parliament of India The Parliament of India (or Sansad) is bicameral. ... The Lok Sabhha (alternatively titled, the House of the People, by the Constitution of India) is the lower house in the Parliament of India. ... Executive President Vice-President Prime Minister Dy. ...


The dominant political parties in the state are the Bharatiya Janata Party and the Indian National Congress. Unlike many of its neighbours, Madhya Pradesh has largely a two-party system with small or regional parties not having had much success in recent elections. The Bharatiya Janata Party [BJP] (Hindi: , translation: Indian Peoples Party), created in 1980, is a major right wing Indian political party. ... Indian National Congress, (also known as the Congress Party and abbreviated INC) is a major political party in India. ...


In the November 2003 state elections, the BJP won an absolute majority of 173 seats, defeating the governing Congress who won just 38 seats. Other parties in the state legislature include the Samajwadi Party with 7 seats. The Bharatiya Janata Party [BJP] (Hindi: , translation: Indian Peoples Party), created in 1980, is a major right wing Indian political party. ... Indian National Congress, (also known as the Congress Party and abbreviated INC) is a major political party in India. ... Samajwadi Party flag Samajwadi Party (Socialist Party) is a political party in India. ...


The current chief minister is Shivraj Chauhan, who succeeded Babulal Gaur and Uma Bharti. Before the BJP won in 2003, the longtime Congress Chief Minister was Digvijay Singh. Shivraj Singh Chauhan (born 5 March 1959) is the current chief minister of Madhya Pradesh. ... Babulal Gaur (born June 2, 1930) is the Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh, India. ... Uma Bharti (born May 3, 1959, Madhya Pradesh, India) is an Indian politician from the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). ... Digvijay Singh is a senior Congress (I) politician in India and has been the Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh state for two five-year terms. ...


In the 2004 Indian General Election the BJP swept the state by winning 25 of the 29 seats, while the Congress won the remaining four. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


For a historical list of previous chief ministers see List of Chief Ministers of Madhya Pradesh Madhya Pradesh Chief Ministers of India Categories: | | ...


Divisions

Districts

Madhya Pradesh state is made up of 48 districts, which are grouped into eight divisions: Bhopal, Chambal, Gwalior, Indore, Jabalpur, Rewa, Sagar, and Ujjain. Madhya Pradesh state is made up of 46 districts, which are grouped into seven divisions. ... Bhopal division is an administrative geographical unit of Madhya Pradesh state of India. ... Chambal division is an administrative geographical unit of Madhya Pradesh state of India. ... Gwalior division is an administrative geographical unit of Madhya Pradesh state of India. ... Indore division is an administrative geographical unit of Madhya Pradesh state of India. ... Jabalpur division is an administrative geographical unit of Madhya Pradesh state of India. ... Rewa division is an administrative geographical unit of Madhya Pradesh state of India. ... Sagar division is an administrative geographical unit of Madhya Pradesh state of India. ... Ujjain division is an administrative geographical unit of Madhya Pradesh state of India. ...


Districts: Anuppur, Ashoknagar, Balaghat, Barwani, Betul, Bhind, Bhopal, Burhanpur, Chhatarpur, Chhindwara, Damoh, Datia, Dewas, Dhar, Dindori, Guna, Gwalior, Harda, Hoshangabad, Indore, Jabalpur, Jhabua, Katni, Khandwa, Khargone, Mandla, Mandsaur, Morena, Narsinghpur, Neemuch, Panna, Raisen, Rajgarh, Ratlam, Rewa, Sagar, Satna, Sehore, Seoni, Shahdol, Shajapur, Sheopur, Shivpuri, Sidhi, Tikamgarh, Ujjain, Umaria, Vidisha. Anuppur District is an administrative district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ... Ashoknagar District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ... Balaghat District a district of Madhya Pradesh state of central India. ... Barwani district is one of the districts of Madhya Pradesh state of India. ... Betul district is one of the districts of Madhya Pradesh state of India, and Betul town is the district headquarters. ... Bhind district is one of the districts of Madhya Pradesh state of India, and Bhind town is the district headquarters. ... Bhopal District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ... Burhanpur District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ... Chhatarpur District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state of central India. ... Chhindwara district is one of the districts of Madhya Pradesh state of India, and Chhindwara town is the district headquarters. ... Damoh District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ... Datia District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ... Dewas District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ... Dhar District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ... Dindori District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state of central India. ... Guna is a district of Madhya Pradesh, India. ... Gwalior District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ... Harda District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state of central India. ... Hoshangabad District is one of the districts of Madhya Pradesh state of India, and Hoshangabad town is the district headquarters. ... Indore District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ... Jabalpur District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ... Jhabua District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ... Katni District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state of India. ... Khandwa District, also known as East Nimar District, is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ... Khargone District, formerly known as West Nimar District, is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ... Mandla District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ... Mandsaur District is a District of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ... Morena district is the place and district of Madhya Pradesh state of India. ... Narsingpur District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ... Neemuch District is one of the districts of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ... Panna District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ... Raisen District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state of India. ... Rajgarh District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ... Ratlam District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ... Rewa District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ... Sagar District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ... Satna District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ... Sehore District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ... Seoni district is one of the districts of Madhya Pradesh state of India, and Seoni town is the district headquarters. ... Shahdol District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ... Shajapur District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state of central India. ... Sheopur district is one of the districts of Madhya Pradesh state of India. ... Shivpuri District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state of India. ... Sidhi district is one of the districts of Madhya Pradesh state of India. ... Tikamgarh District is one of the districts of Madhya Pradesh. ... Ujjain District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ... Umaria District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ... Vidisha District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ...


Agro-climatic zones

Madhya Pradesh is divided into following agro-climatic zones:

Kaimur is an administrative district in the state of Bihar in India. ... The Satpura Range is a range of hills in central India. ... The Vindhya Range is a range of hills in central India, which geographically separates The Indian subcontinent into northern India and Southern India. ... The Narmada River in central India The Narmada (Gujarati: નર્મદા Devanagri: नर्मदा or Nerbudda (Narbada) is a river in central India in Indian subcontinent. ... The Wainganga is a river of India, flowing through the central provinces in a very winding course of approximatedly 360 meters. ... Gird is a region of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ... , Gwalior   is a city in Madhya Pradesh in India. ... Bundelkhand is a geographic region of central India. ... The Satpura Range is a range of hills in central India. ... Malwa (Malvi:माळवा) is a region in western India occupying a plateau of volcanic origin in the western part of Madhya Pradesh state and the south-eastern part of Rajasthan. ... Nimar is the southwestern region of Madhya Pradesh state in west-central India. ... Jhabua is a town in western Madhya Pradesh state of central India. ...

Transport

Madhya Pradesh, being surrounded by land, has both Land and Air transport facilities. Buses and trains cover most of Madhya Pradesh. Recently State Government has withdrawn the State Road Transport called Rajya Parivahan Nigam.[2]Air Transport is at Indore , Bhopal, Jabalpur, Gwalior and Khajuraoo .


Demography

Madhya Pradesh is a medley of races and tribes, castes and communities. The people of Madhya Pradesh include primitive aborigines, as well as highly educated modern. They belong mainly to two racial groups. The people of northern area and Narmada Valley are mostly of the Aryan race, while a large portion of tribal people of south and east Madhya Pradesh. According to census of 2000, 91.1% followed Hindu religion while others are Muslim(6.40%), Jain(0.9%), Christians(0.30%), Sikhs(0.20%), Buddhists(0.30%). [3] The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes constitute a significant portion of the population of the State. The Scheduled Castes are 13.14% while Scheduled Tribes were 20.63%. [4] This article is about race as an intraspecies classification. ... This article is on the social structure. ... The word Caste is derived from the Portuguese word casta, meaning lineage, breed or race. ... Community is a set of people (or agents in a more abstract sense) with some shared element. ... This article is about race as an intraspecies classification. ... The Narmada or Nerbudda is a river in central India. ... Aryan (/eərjən/ or /ɑːrjən/, Sanskrit: ) is a Sanskrit and Avestan word meaning noble/spiritual one. ... Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... Bhavna says there are 300 million gods in Hinduism. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... JAIN is an activity within the Java Community Process, developing APIs for the creation of telephony (voice and data) services. ... This article is about the religous people known as Christians. ... A Sikh man wearing a turban The adherents of Sikhism are called Sikhs. ... Statues of Buddha such as this, the Tian Tan Buddha statue in Hong Kong, remind followers to practice right living. ... In South Asias caste system, an untouchable, dalit, or achuta is a person outside of the four castes, and considered below them. ... Tribal peoples in India comprise a substantial minority of the population of India. ... In South Asias caste system, an untouchable, dalit, or achuta is a person outside of the four castes, and considered below them. ... Tribal peoples in India comprise a substantial minority of the population of India. ...


Languages

The predominant language of the region is Hindi. Urdu is spoken in Burhanpur, the former princely state of Sironj (Tonk), Kurwai and areas with larger Muslim populations. In Old Bhopal, a unique style of very polite (Aap janab style of Bhopali Hindi-Urdu mixed language) is spoken. Hindi (DevanāgarÄ«: or , IAST: , IPA:  ), an Indo-European language spoken all over India in varying degrees and extensively in northern and central India, is one of the 22 official languages of India and is also used for central government administrative purposes , along with English. ... Urdu ( , , trans. ...


In addition to standard Hindi, several regional variants are spoken, which are considered by some to be dialects of Hindi, and by others to be distinct but related languages. Among these languages are Malvi in Malwa, Nimadi in Nimar, Bundeli in Bundelkhand, and Bagheli and Avadhi in Bagelkhand and the southeast. Each of these languages or dialects has dialects of its own. Other languages include Bhilodi (Bhili), Gondi, and Kalto (Nahali), all spoken by tribal groups. Due to rule of Marathas, Marathi is spoken by a substantial number of people. Malvi is an Indo-European language with over a million speakers spoken in Malwa. ... Malwa (Malvi:माळवा) is a region in western India occupying a plateau of volcanic origin in the western part of Madhya Pradesh state and the south-eastern part of Rajasthan. ... Nimar is the southwestern region of Madhya Pradesh state in west-central India. ... Bundeli is a dialect of Hindi spoken in the Bundelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh and Jhansi in Uttar Pradesh. ... Bundelkhand is a geographic region of central India. ... Bagheli is a dialect of the Baghelkhand region of central India. ... Awadhi is a dialect of Hindi, spoken in the Awadh (Oudh) region of Uttar Pradesh. ... Bagelkhand (or Bagelkhand) is a region in central India, in northeastern Madhya Pradesh state. ... Bhili is a Central Indo_Aryan language spoken in west_central India, in the region east of Ahmadabad. ... Gondi may refer to The Gondi people, an ethnic group of central India The Gondi language, the language of the Gondi people Gondi dumplings, a traditional Iranian Jewish food The French aristocratic de Gondi family whose most famous member was Jean François Paul de Gondi, cardinal de Retz. ... Kalto or Nahali is a language isolate spoken in west-central India (in Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra) by around 5,000 people. ... The Marāthās (Marathi: , also Mahrattas) form an Indo Aryan group of Hindu warriors and peasants hailing mostly from the present-day state of Maharashtra, who created a the expansive Maratha Empire, covering a major part of India, in the late 17th and 18th centuries. ... Marathi is one of the widely spoken languages of India, and has a long literary history. ...


Culture

Heritage and architecture

Several cities in Madhya Pradesh are extraordinary for their architecture and or scenic beauty. Three sites in Madhya Pradesh have been declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO: the Khajuraho Group of Monuments (1986) including Devi Jagadambi temple, Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi (1989) and the Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka (2003). Other architecturally significant or scenic sites include Ajaigarh, Amarkantak, Asirgarh,Bawangaja, Bhopal, Chanderi, Chitrakuta, Dhar, Gwalior, Indore, Maheshwar, Mandleshwar, Mandu, Omkareshwar, Orchha, Pachmarhi, Shivpuri, Sonagiri and Ujjain. MP being very large geographically, and the history being spread over several millennia, a developing a comprehensive picture of heritage and architecture is a monumental task. A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... Khajuraho (Hindi खजुराहो) is a village in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, located in Chhatarpur District, about 385 miles (620 kilometres) southeast of Delhi, the capital city of India. ... Devi Jagadambi temple or Jagadambi temple of a group of about 25 temples at Khajuraho, Madhya Pradesh, India. ... , Sanchi is a small village in India, located 46 km north east of Bhopal, and 10 km from Besnagar and Vidisha in the central part of the state of Madhya Pradesh. ... Bhimbetka rock painting Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka is an archaeological site in Madhya Pradesh where the earliest traces of human life in India were found. ... [[Image:|thumb|right|300px|The Royal Flag of Ajaygarh]] Ajaigarh, or Adjygurh, is a former princely state of India, in Bundelkhand, under the Central India Agency. ... , Amarkantak (Devanagari: अमरकंटक) is a pilgrim town and a nagar panchayat in Anuppur District in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. ... Asirgarh is an Indian fortress situated in the Satpura Range, about 20 km. ... Bawangaja is a famous Jain pilgrim centre in Barwani district of Madhya Pradesh in India. ... For other uses, see Bhopal (disambiguation). ... Chanderi is a town of historical importance in Ashoknagar District of Madhya Pradesh state in India. ... , Chitrakuta (IAST: ChitrakÅ«ta, sanskrit: चित्रकूट) (also spelt Chitrakoot) is a town and a nagar panchayat in Satna district in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. ... Dhar is a town in the Malwa region of western Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ... , Gwalior   is a city in Madhya Pradesh in India. ... , Indore (Hindi:इन्दौर ,Marathi:इंदूर)  , a large city in the Malwa region of Central India is the commercial capital of the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. ... Maheshwar is a town in Khargone district of Madhya Pradesh state, in central India. ... Mandleshwar is a town of historical and religious importance situated in Khargone district of Madhya Pradesh, India,on the banks of Narmada River at a distance of 5 km from Maheshwar. ... Mandu, or Mandogarh, is a ruined city in the Dhar District in the Malwa region of western Madhya Pradesh state, central India. ... Omkareshwar is a Hindu temple in Madhya Pradesh state in India. ... Orchha (or Urchha) is a town in Tikamgarh district of Madhya Pradesh state, India. ... Pachmarhi is a hill station in Madhya Pradesh state of central India. ... Shivpuri is a town and district place in Gwalior region in northwest Madhya Pradesh in India. ... Sonagiri is a town in Bhopal, India, in the BHEL township in the city of Bhopal. ... , Ujjain   (Hindi:उज्जैन) (also known as Ujain, Ujjayini, Avanti, Avantikapuri) is an ancient city of central India, in the Malwa region of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, on the eastern bank of the Kshipra River. ...


Flora and fauna

Main article: Flora and fauna of Madhya Pradesh

Forest Eco-system in Madhya Pradesh Madhya Pradesh is often called the Heart of India, is a state in central India. ...

The forests

Forest area

A Bhil tribe in Jhabua forests
A Bhil tribe in Jhabua forests

Madhya Pradesh is endowed with rich and diverse forest resources. Lying between lat. 21°04'N and long. 74°02' and 82°49' E, it is a reservoir of biodiversity. The geographical area of the state is 308,144 km² which constitutes 9.38% of the land area of the country. The forest area of the state is 95,221 km² constituting 31% of the geographical area of the state and 12.44% of the forest area of the country. Legally this area has been classified into "Reserved Forest, Protected Forest and Unclassified Forest", which constitute 61.7%, 37.4% and 0.9% of the forest area respectively. Per capita forest area is 2,400 m² as against the national average of 700 m² Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 555 pixelsFull resolution (1140 × 791 pixel, file size: 246 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Self created image of tribe in Jhabua I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 555 pixelsFull resolution (1140 × 791 pixel, file size: 246 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Self created image of tribe in Jhabua I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under... Bhils are a tribal people of central India. ... Rainforests are among the most biodiverse ecosystems on earth Biodiversity is the variation of taxonomic life forms within a given ecosystem, biome or for the entire Earth. ...


Forest composition

Central, eastern and southern parts of the state are rich, whereas northern and western parts are deficient in forest. Variability in climatic and edaphic conditions brings about significant difference in the forest types of the state. There are four important forest types viz. Tropical Moist, Tropical Dry, Tropical Thorn , Subtropical broadleaved Hill forests. The forest area can also be classified based on the composition of forest and terrain of the area. Based on composition, there are three important forest formations namely Teak forest , Sal forest and Miscellaneous Forests. Bamboo bearing areas are widely distributed in the state. To obviate pressure on the natural forests , plantations have been undertaken in forest and non forest areas to supplement the availability of fuel wood , small timber , fodder etc. MP lost a good amount of forest recently when Chattisgarh was carved out of it, as that region was the richest reserve of forrests in MP. Of or relating to soil, especially as it affects living organisms. ... Species Tectona grandis Tectona hamiltoniana Tectona philippinensis Teak (Tectona), is a genus of tropical hardwood trees in the family Verbenaceae, native to the south and southeast of Asia, and is commonly found as a component of monsoon forest vegetation. ... Binomial name Roth Sal (Shorea robusta) is a species of tree native to southern Asia, ranging south of the Himalaya, from Myanmar in the east to India, Bangladesh, and Nepal. ... For other uses, see Bamboo (disambiguation). ... A sugarcane plantation at Ribeirão Preto, Brazil, 2005 A plantation is a large tract of monoculture, as a tree plantation, a cotton plantation, a tea plantation or a tobacco plantation. ... Timber in storage for later processing at a sawmill Timber is a term used to describe wood, either standing or that has been processed for use—from the time trees are felled, to its end product as a material suitable for industrial use—as structural material for construction or wood... Fodder growing from barley In agriculture, fodder or animal feed is any foodstuff that is used specifically to feed domesticated livestock, including cattle, goats, sheep, horses, chickens and pigs. ...


Forest growing stock

The total growing stock (volume of timber / wood) is 50,000,000 m³ valued worth Rs 2.5 lakh Crores.


Natural areas

Madhya Pradesh is home to several National Parks, including Bandhavgarh National Park, Kanha National Park, Satpura National Park, Sanjay National Park, Madhav National Park, Van Vihar National Park, Mandla Plant Fossils National Park, Panna National Park, and Pench National Park, Madhya Pradesh. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Bandhavgarh National Park (Devanagari: बांधवगढ राष्ट्रीय उद्दान) is located in Umaria district of Madhya Pradesh state in India. ... This is a list of all national parks of India. ... Bandhavgarh National Park (Devanagari: बांधवगढ राष्ट्रीय उद्दान) is located in Umaria district of Madhya Pradesh state in India. ... Kanha National Park, part of Project Tiger, is located in Madhya Pradesh, India. ... Satpura National Park is located in district Hoshangabad of Madhya Pradesh in India. ... The Sanjay National Park is located in the Madhya Pradesh state of India. ... // Overview Madhav National Park is situated in Shivpuri district of Gwalior region in northwest Madhya Pradesh, India. ... A national park in India located 7 km from Bhopal, the capital city of Madhya Pradesh. ... Mandla Plant Fossils National Park is situated in Mandla district of Madhya Pradesh in India. ... national park located in the Chattarpur area of Madhya Pradesh in India. ... Pench National Park is situated in Seoni and Chhindwara districts of Madhya Pradesh in India. ...


There are also a number of natural preserves, including Amarkantak, Bagh Caves, Bhedaghat, Bori Natural Reserve, Ken Gharial, Ghatigaon, Kuno Palpur, Narwar, Chambal, Kukdeshwar, Narsinghgarh, Nora Dehi, Pachmarhi, Panpatha, Shikarganj, and Tamia. , Amarkantak (Devanagari: अमरकंटक) is a pilgrim town and a nagar panchayat in Anuppur District in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. ... Bagh Caves are situated at a distance of 97 km from Dhar in Madhya Pradesh,India. ... Bhedaghat is a town and a nagar panchayat in Jabalpur district in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. ... Narwar is a historic town and fort just east of the Kali Sindh River in district Shivpuri of Madhya Pradesh in India. ... we compare prices of books across major online booksellers in real time. ... Narsinghgarh is a town of historical importance in Damoh district of Madhya Pradesh in India. ... Pachmarhi is a hill station in Madhya Pradesh state of central India. ...


Tribals in Madhya Pradesh

Main article: Tribals in Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh is dominated by the Tribal population. The differences in the tribal community, spread over in various parts of the state, is clearly seen not only on the basis of their heredity, lifestyle and cultural traditions, but also from their social, economic structure, religious beliefs and their language and speech. Due to the different linguistic, cultural and geographical environment, and its peculiar complications, the diverse tribal world of Madhya Pradesh has not only been largely cut-off from the mainstream of development. Bhil tribal girls in Jhabua A Bhil tribe in Jhabua forests Tribals in Madhya Pradesh constitute a sizable population. ...


The population of Tribals in Madhya Pradesh is 122.33 lakh constituting 20.27% of the total population of Madhya Pradesh (603.85 Lakh), according to the 2001 census. There were 46 recognized Scheduled Tribes and three of them have been identified as “Special Primitive Tribal Groups” in the State. [5]


The main tribal groups in Madhya Pradesh are Gond, Bhil, Baiga, Korku, Bhariya, Halba, Kaul, Mariya, and Sahariya. Dhar, Jhabua and Mandla districts have more than 50 percent tribal population. In Khargone,Chhindwara, Seoni, Sidhi and Shahdol districts 30 to 50 percent population is of tribes. Maximum population is that of Gond tribes. Gondi refers to a people and their language in Central India. ... Bhils are a tribal people of central India. ... Baiga is a tribe found in Madhya Pradesh, India. ... Korku is a little known tribe of Madhya Pradesh in India. ... Bhadia or Bhariya (Hindi: भड़िया, IAST: ) is gotra (clan) of Jats found in Churu and Sikar districts of Rajasthan, India. ... Halbe is a small town in Brandenburg, Germany - eine Kreisstadt. ... // Kaul (also spelled as Koul, Kaula) is also a well-known surname of Kashmiri Hindus (also known as Kashmiri Pandits). ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Saharia is a little-known tribe in India. ... Dhar is a town in the Malwa region of western Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ... Jhabua is a town in western Madhya Pradesh state of central India. ... , Mandla (Hindi:मंडला) is a city and a municipality in Mandla district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. ... Khargone is a town in the Nimar region of Madhya Pradesh state in west-central India. ... Chhindwara (also spelt Chindawara or Chindwara) is a city in Madhya Pradesh state of central India. ... Seoni may refer to, Seoni (Madhya Pradesh), a city in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. ... Sidhi is a city in Madhya Pradesh state of central India. ... Shahdol is a city in Madhya Pradesh state of central India. ... Gondi refers to a people and their language in Central India. ...


Media

Dainik Bhaskar is the leading Hindi newspaper. Nai Duniya, Raj Express, Dainik Jagran and Nav Bharat are other prominent Hindi papers. Dainik Bhaskar is a Hindi-language daily newspaper of India. ... Dainik Jagran is a Hindi daily newspaper. ...


various local news paper are published from various cities.


In English, Hindustan Times Bhopal edition leads all other papers. Central Chronicle, Pioneer and Free Press have editions from Bhopal. Bhopal is a centre of Urdu journalism also and Nadeem, the oldest newspaper of the state, is published from here. Urdu Action and Haq-o-Insaf are also published. Farz, a Sindhi daily is published from Bhopal is the only Sindhi newspaper in State. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Sports

Cosco Cricket is one of the famous sport in Madhya Pradesh (most famous in sagar Division/District).


Apart from Cosco Cricket, People in Madhya Pradesh also like Football, Basket-Ball, Volley-Ball, Cycling, Swimming, Tracking, Badminton, Table-Tennis.


Below is the list of some traditional games:


1. Gulli Danda. 2. Pittu. 3. Gadha Paddh.


Further reading

  • Chishti, R̥ta Kapur, Martand Singh, and Amba Sanyal. Saris of India: Madhya Pradesh. New Delhi: Wiley Eastern & Amr Vastra Kosh, 1989. ISBN 8122401872
  • Gyanendra Singh. Farm Mechanization in Madhya Pradesh. Bhopal: Central Institute of Agricultural Engineering, 2000.
  • Madhya Pradesh (India). The Madhya Pradesh Human Development Report 2002: Using the Power of Democracy for Development. [Bhopal: Govt. of Madhya Pradesh, 2002.
  • Parmar, Shyam. Folk Tales of Madhya Pradesh. Folk tales of India series, 12". New Delhi: Sterling Publishers, 1973.
  • Rag, Pankaj, and O. P. Misra. Masterpieces of Madhya Pradesh. Bhopal: Directorate of Archaeology, Archives & Museums, Government of Madhya Pradesh, 2005.
  • Rag, Pankaj. Vintage, Madhya Pradesh: A Collection of Old Photographs. Bhopal: Madhya Pradesh Madhyam jointly with the Directorate of Archaeology, Archives, and Museums, 2005. ISBN 8190270273
  • Sampath, M. D., H. V. Trivedi, and Mandan Trivedi. Epigraphs of Madhya Pradesh. New Delhi: Archaeological Survey of India, 2001.
  • Sati, Vishwambhar Prasad. Madhya Pradesh, a Geo-Economic Appraisal. Delhi: Abhijeet, 2004. ISBN 8188683434
  • Shah, Shampa, and Aashi Manohar. Tribal Arts and Crafts of Madhya Pradesh. Living traditions of India. Ahmedabad: Mapin Pub./in Association with Vanya Prakashan, Bhopal, 1996. ISBN 0944142710
  • Shrivastava, Divya. The Development of Scheduled Tribes in Madhya Pradesh. New Delhi: Gyan Pub. House, 2000. ISBN 8121206987
  • Singh, R. V. Dairy Co-Operatives and Development: A Study of Tribal Dairy Co-Operatives in Madhya Pradesh. Delhi: Kalpaz Publications, 2006. ISBN 8178353318

Madhya Pradesh


References

  1. ^ a b c includes Chattisgarh
  2. ^ Dainik Bhaskar, Indore Edition, 31.12.2006
  3. ^ http://www.censusindia.net/religiondata/ 2001 Indian Census Data
  4. ^ Encyclopedia of India and her States, V.Grover and R. Arora(Eds), Vol 6, D&D Publishers, New Delhi, 1996.
  5. ^ Scheduled Castes & Scheduled Tribe Welfare Department, Government of Madhya Pradesh

Cyclopedia redirects here. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Madhya Pradesh travel guide - Wikitravel (708 words)
Madhya Pradesh is a state in the Plains of central India.
Madhya Pradesh is the richest state in India.
Before the Madhya Pradesh was divided the population was 60,385,118(India census 2001) with about fifty percent being men.
Madhya Pradesh (1693 words)
Madhya Pradesh in hindi can be translated to Central Province, and it is located in the geographic heart of India.
The state is bordered on the west by Gujarat, on the northwest by Rajasthan, on the northeast by Uttar Pradesh, on the east by Chhattisgarh, and on the south by Maharashtra.
The Son is of great significance in that it is the largest tributary going into the Ganga on the south bank and arising out of the hills of Madhya Pradesh rather than from the Himalayas.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m