FACTOID # 19: Cheap sloppy joes: Looking for reduced-price lunches for schoolchildren? Head for Oklahoma!
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Madeira" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Madeira

Coordinates: 32°40′N, 16°45′W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Região Autónoma da Madeira
Madeira Autonomous Region
Flag Coat of arms
Motto"Das ilhas, as mais belas e livres"  (Portuguese)
"Of all islands, the most beautiful and free"
AnthemA Portuguesa  (national)
Hino da Região Autónoma da Madeira  (local)
Location of Madeira
Capital
(and largest city)
Funchal
32°39′N, 16°55′W
Official languages Portuguese
Government Autonomous region
 -  President Alberto João Jardim
Establishment
 -  Settled 1420 
 -  Autonomy July 1, 1976 
Area
 -  Total 828 km² (n/a)
320 sq mi 
Population
 -  2006 estimate 245,806 [1] 
 -  Density 295/km² (n/a)
195/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2003 estimate
 -  Total €4.6 billion [2] (n/a)
 -  Per capita 18,000 (n/a)
HDI (n/a) - (n/a) (n/a)
Currency Euro (€)1 (EUR)
Time zone WET
 -  Summer (DST) EST (UTC+1)
Internet TLD .pt
Calling code +351  spec. +351 291
1 Prior to 2002: Portuguese escudo

Madeira (pronounced [mɐdeiɾɐ] or [mɐˈdɐiʀɐ]) is a Portuguese archipelago in the north Atlantic Ocean that lies between 32°22.3′N, 16°16.5′W and 33°7.8′N, 17°16.65′W. It is one of the Autonomous regions of Portugal, with Madeira Island and Porto Santo Island being the only inhabited islands. Although it is part of the African Plate, some 650 km (400 mi) off coast Africa, it belongs politically and culturally to Europe, some 860 km (535 mi) from the mainland. Madeira mainly refers to the Madeira Islands in the Atlantic Ocean, an autonomous region of Portugal and a popular holiday destination from Europe. ... Image File history File links MadeiraFlag. ... Image File history File links Madeira_Portugal. ... Flag ratio: 2:3 The flag of the Madeira Islands consists of a blue-gold-blue vertical triband with a red-bordered white Cross of Christ in the centre. ... The Coat of arms of Madeira reads the most beautiful and free islands in Portuguese. ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a countrys government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... A Portuguesa (pron. ... The Hino da Região Autónoma da Madeira (English: ) is the official anthem of Madeira, in Portugal. ... Image File history File links LocationMadeira. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... Category: ... Funchal at night Funchal (pron. ... An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in the countries, states, and other territories. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Alberto João Cardoso Gonçalves Jardim, GCIH, pron. ... Alberto João Cardoso Gonçalves Jardim, GCIH, pron. ... Events May 21 - Treaty of Troyes. ... Self-governance is an abstract concept that refers to several scales of organization. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Population density by country, 2006 List of countries and dependencies by population density in inhabitants/km². The list includes sovereign states and self-governing dependent territories that are recognized by the United Nations. ... PPP of GDP for the countries of the world (2003). ... There are three lists of countries of the world sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP) (the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year). ... Per capita is a Latin phrase meaning for each head. ... This article includes two lists of countries of the world[1] sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP) at purchasing power parity (PPP) per capita, the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year divided by the average population for the same year. ... This page talks about Human Development Index, for other HDIs see HDI (disambiguation) World map indicating Human Development Index (2007). ... This talks about the countries in the Human Development Index, for information on the Human Development Index, please Click Here World map indicating Human Development Index (2007) (Colour-blind compliant map) For red-green color vision problems. ... For other uses, see Euro (disambiguation). ... ISO 4217 is the international standard describing three letter codes (also known as the currency code) to define the names of currencies established by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Western European Time (WET, UTC+0) is the time zone covering parts of western and northwestern Europe, including the following countries and regions: Canary Islands, since 1946 (rest of Spain is CET, i. ... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... European Summer Time is the daylight saving time practiced in Europe, the period during which clocks are reset by one hour in relation to the official time observed during the rest of the year. ... UTC redirects here. ... A country code top-level domain (ccTLD) is a top-level domain used and reserved for a country or a dependent territory. ... .pt is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Portugal and is managed by the Fundacao para a Computacao Cientifica Nacional (FCCN). ... This is a list of country calling codes defined by ITU-T recommendation E.164. ... Portugal changed to a closed numbering plan in 1999. ... The escudo was the official currency of Portugal prior to the introduction of the euro in 1 January 1999 (euro coins and notes were not introduced until 2002). ... The Mergui Archipelago The Archipelago Sea, situated between the Gulf of Bothnia and the Gulf of Finland, the largest archipelago in the world by the number of islands. ... Flag of the Azores Autonomous Region. ... Porto Santo Island is a Portuguese island 50 km northeast of Madeira Island in the North Atlantic Ocean. ... A small island in the Adriatic sea An island is any piece of land smaller than a continent and larger than a rock, that is completely surrounded by water. ...  The African plate, shown in pinkish-orange The African Plate is a tectonic plate covering the continent of Africa and extending westward to the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


Madeira, known originally to the Romans as the Purple Islands, was rediscovered, possibly accidentally, by Portuguese sailors some time between 1418 and 1420. The archipelago is considered to be the first discovery of the exploratory period initiated by Henry the Navigator of Portugal. It is a popular year-round resort, noted for its Madeira wine, flowers, and embroidery artisans, as well as its New Year's Eve celebrations that feature a spectacular fireworks show, which is the largest in the world according to the Guinness World Records.[1] Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... Infante Henrique of Portugal, Duke of Viseu KG (Porto, March 4, 1394 – Sagres, November 13, 1460); pron. ... Resorts combine a hotel and a variety of recreations, such as swimming pools. ... Madeira is a fortified wine made in the Madeira Islands of Portugal, which is prized equally for drinking and cooking; the latter use including the dessert plum in Madeira. ... A fireworks event (fireworks display, fireworks show) is a spectacular display of the effects produced by firework devices on various occasions. ... For other uses, see World (disambiguation). ... Guinness World Records 2008 edition. ...

Contents

History

Cathedral Sé of The Roman Catholic Diocese of Funchal
Cathedral Sé of The Roman Catholic Diocese of Funchal

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (600x800, 269 KB) Sé church in Funchal, Madeira. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (600x800, 269 KB) Sé church in Funchal, Madeira. ... For other uses, see Cathedral (disambiguation). ...

Pre-Portuguese times

Pliny mentions certain Purple Islands, the position of which with reference to the Fortunate Islands or Canaries might seem to indicate Madeira islands. Plutarch (Sertorius, 75 AD) referring to the military commander Quintus Sertorius (d. 72 BC), relates that after his return to Cadiz, "he met seamen recently arrived from Atlantic islands, two in number, divided from one another only by a narrow channel and distant from the coast of Africa 10,000 furlongs. They are called Isles of the Blest." The estimated distance from Africa, and the closeness of the two islands, seem to indicate Madeira and Porto Santo. Pliny the Elder: an imaginative 19th Century portrait. ... Fortunate Isles, also called Isles of the Blest (makarôn nêsoi). ... Anthem: Arrorró Capital Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Santa Cruz de Tenerife Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 13th  7,447 km²  1. ... Quintus Sertorius (died 72 BC), Roman statesman and general. ... This article is about the Spanish city. ... ‹ The template below (Unit of length) is being considered for deletion. ... Porto Santo Island is a Portuguese island 50 km northeast of Madeira Island in the North Atlantic Ocean. ...


There is a romantic tale about two lovers, Robert Machim and Anna d'Arfet in time of the King Edward III of England, fleeing from England to France in 1346, were driven off their course by a violent storm, and cast on the coast of Madeira at the place subsequently named Machico, in memory of one of them. On the evidence of a portolan dated 1351, preserved at Florence, Italy, it would appear that Madeira had been discovered long before that date by Portuguese vessels under Genoese captains. This article is about the King of England. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... // Events Serbian Empire was proclaimed in Skopje by Dusan Silni, occupying much of the South-Eastern Europe Foundation of the University of Valladolid Foundation of Pembroke College, University of Cambridge August 26 Battle of Crecy after which Edward the Black Prince honored the bravery of John I, Count of Luxemburg... Machico (pron. ... A portolan is an early modern European navigation chart, dating from the fourteenth century or later, in manuscript, usually with rhumb lines, shorelines and place names. ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Suko of Japan, third of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders Start of the reign of Emperor Go-Kogon of Japan, fourth of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders May 1 Zürich joins the Swiss Confederation. ... Florence (Italian, Firenze) is a city in the center of Tuscany, in central Italy, on the Arno River, with a population of around 400,000, plus a suburban population in excess of 200,000. ... For other uses, see Genoa (disambiguation). ...


Portuguese discovery

Statue of João Gonçalves Zarco, the first Portuguese to settle in Madeira
Statue of João Gonçalves Zarco, the first Portuguese to settle in Madeira

In 1419 two of the captains of Prince Henry the Navigator, João Gonçalves Zarco and Tristão Vaz Teixeira, were driven by a storm to the island called by them Porto Santo, or Holy Port, in gratitude for their rescue from shipwreck. The next year an expedition was sent to populate the island, and, Madeira being described, they made for it, and took possession on behalf of the Portuguese crown. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 591 pixelsFull resolution (5184 × 3828 pixel, file size: 5. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 591 pixelsFull resolution (5184 × 3828 pixel, file size: 5. ... João Gonçalves Zarco João Gonçalves Zarco (c. ... Infante Henrique of Portugal, Duke of Viseu KG (Porto, March 4, 1394 – Sagres, November 13, 1460); pron. ... João Gonçalves Zarco João Gonçalves Zarco (c. ... Tristão Vaz Teixeiras Coat of Arms Tristão Vaz Teixeira (c. ...


The islands started to be settled circa 1420 or 1425. In September 23, 1433, the name Ilha da Madeira (Madeira Island or "island of the wood") appears in a map, by the first time, in a document. is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1433 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ...


The three captain-donees had led, in the first trip, the respective families, a small group of people of the minor nobility, people of modest conditions and some old prisoners of the kingdom. To gain the minimum conditions for the development of agriculture, they had to rough-hew a part of the dense forest of laurisilva and to construct a large number of canals (levadas), since in some parts of the island, they had water in excess while in other parts water was scarce. In the earliest times, fish constituted about half of the settlers' diet, together with vegetables and fruit. The first local agricultural activity with some success was the raising of wheat. Initially, the colonists produced wheat for their own sustenance but, later began to export wheat to Portugal. Nobility is a traditional hereditary status (see hereditary titles) that exists today in many countries (mainly present or former monarchies). ... Laurisilva on in the National Park Garajonay on La Gomera Laurisilva on La Palma Laurisilva is a type of humid subtropical laurel forest found on several of the Macaronesian islands of the north Atlantic, namely the Azores, Madeira Islands, and the Canary Islands. ... Levada near Rabaçal For other uses, see Levada (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Fish (disambiguation). ... Species T. aestivum T. boeoticum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum T. timopheevii References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 Wheat Wheat For the indie rock group, see Wheat (band). ...


The discoveries of Porto Santo and Madeira were first described by Gomes Eannes de Azurara in Chronica da Descoberta e Conquista da Guiné. (Eng. version by Edgar Prestage in 2 vols. issued by the Hakluyt Society, London, 1896-1899: The Chronicle of Discovery and Conquest of Guinea.) Arkan Simaan relates these discoveries in French in his novel based on Azurara's Chronicle: L’Écuyer d’Henri le Navigateur, published by Éditions l’Harmattan, Paris. Gomes Eannes de Azurara (c. ... Arkan Simaan is a French historian of science and a novel writer. ...


Portuguese Madeira

However, in time grain production began to fall. To get past the ensuing crisis Henry decided to order the planting of sugarcane - rare in Europe and, therefore, considered a spice - promoting, for this, the introduction of Sicilian beets as the first specialized plant and the technology of its agriculture. Sugarcane production became a leading factor in the island's economy, and increased the demand for labour. Jewish, Genoese and Portuguese traders were attracted to the islands. Sugarcane cultivation and the sugar production industry developed until the 17th century. Infante Henrique of Portugal, Duke of Viseu KG (Porto, March 4, 1394 – Sagres, November 13, 1460); pron. ... Species Saccharum arundinaceum Saccharum bengalense Saccharum edule Saccharum officinarum Saccharum procerum Saccharum ravennae Saccharum robustum Saccharum sinense Saccharum spontaneum Sugarcane or Sugar cane (Saccharum) is a genus of 6 to 37 species (depending on taxonomic interpretation) of tall perennial grasses (family Poaceae, tribe Andropogoneae), native to warm temperate to tropical... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Spice (disambiguation). ... Sicily ( in Italian and Sicilian) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,708 km² (9,926 sq. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ...


Following the 17th century Madeira's most important product has been its wine, sugar production having since moved on to Brazil, São Tomé and Principe, and elsewhere. Madeira wine was perhaps the most popular luxury beverage in the colonial Western Hemisphere during the 17th and 18th centuries. The British Empire occupied Madeira as a result of the Napoleonic Wars, a friendly occupation which concluded in 1814 when the island was returned to Portugal,and the British did much to popularise Madeira wine. For other uses, see Wine (disambiguation). ... Look up São Tomé and Príncipe in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Government Assembleia Nacional de São Tomé e Príncipe official site São Tomé and Príncipe Government & Political Resources Page News allAfrica - São Tomé and Principe Overviews BBC News - Country Profile: Sao Tome and... The British Empire in 1897, marked in pink, the traditional colour for Imperial British dominions on maps. ...


When, after the death of Dom Joao VI of Portugal, the usurper Dom Miguel seized power from the rightful heir, his niece Maria II, and proclaimed himself 'Absolute King', Madeira held out for the Queen under the governor José Travassos Valdez until Miguel sent an expeditionary force and the defence of the island was overwhelmed by crushing force. Valdez was forced to flee to England under the protection of the Royal Navy (September 1828). John VI, King of Portugal, in Portuguese João (1769-1826), was born in Lisbon on May 13, 1769, and received the title of prince of Brazil in 1788. ... Miguel of Portugal (English: Michael), the Traditionalist (Port. ... Maria II, Queen of Portugal (April 4, 1819 - November 15, 1853). ... José Lúcio Travassos Valdez (1787-1862), sole Baron and first Count of Bonfim, Portuguese soldier and statesman. ...


In 1921, the last Austro-Hungarian Emperor Charles I was deported to Madeira, after an unsuccessful coup d'état. He died there one year later and is buried in Monte (Funchal). Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... Emperor Charles I of Austria The Blessed Charles I (Karl Franz Josef Ludwig Hubert Georg Maria von Habsburg-Lothringen) (17 August 1887 – 1 April 1922) (Hungarian: IV. Károly (Károly Ferenc József)) was (among other titles) the last Emperor of Austria, the last King of Hungary and Bohemia... Coup redirects here. ... Monte (Portuguese meaning mountain) is a parish in the district and a suburb of Funchal in the Madeira Islands. ...


In July 1, 1976, following the democratic revolution of 1974, Portugal granted political autonomy to Madeira. The region has now its own government and legislative assembly. is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Carnation Revolution (Portuguese, Revolução dos Cravos) was an almost bloodless, leftist, military-led coup détat, started on April 25, 1974, in Lisbon, Portugal, that effectively changed the Portuguese regime from an authoritarian dictatorship to a liberal democracy after two years of a transitional period known as PREC...


Geography and climate

The Autonomous Region of Madeira is composed of Madeira Island, Porto Santo Island, Desertas Islands and Savage Islands. Porto Santo Island is a Portuguese island 50 km northeast of Madeira Island in the North Atlantic Ocean. ... Image:3524-lg. ... Savage Island is also the former name of Niue in the Pacific Ocean. ...


Funchal, the capital of Madeira Island, is on the south coast of the principal island, in 32°37.75′N, 16°55.3′W. Other main cities are: Porto Santo Town (also known as Vila Baleira), Ribeira Brava, Machico, Câmara de Lobos, Santa Cruz and Santana. Funchal at night Funchal (pron. ... Porto Santo Island is a Portuguese island 50 km northeast of Madeira Island in the North Atlantic Ocean. ... Porto Santo Island is a Portuguese island 50 km northeast of Madeira Island in the North Atlantic Ocean. ... Ribeira Brava (Portuguese meaning the brave riviera) is a parish in the west-central part of Madeira. ... Machico (pron. ... Câmara de Lobos as seen from the Cabo Girao. ... Santa Cruz (pron. ... Santana (pron. ...


The archipelago lies about 360 miles from the coast of Africa, 535 miles from Lisbon, 230 miles from Gran Canaria, and 480 miles from Santa Maria, the nearest of the Azores. For other uses, see Lisbon (disambiguation). ... Gran Canaria, rarely Grand Canary (archaic), is the third largest island of the Canary Islands, an archipelago located in the Atlantic Ocean 210 km from the northwest coast of Africa and belonging to Spain. ... The island of Santa Maria (Portuguese for Saint Mary) is an island located in the southeastern part of the Azores and is the southernmost island in the Azores Islands. ... Motto (Portuguese for Rather die free than in peace subjugated) Anthem  (national)  (local) Capital Ponta Delgada1 Angra do Heroísmo2 Horta3 Largest city Ponta Delgada Official languages Portuguese Government Autonomous region  -  President Carlos César Establishment  -  Settled 1439   -  Autonomy 1976  Area  -  Total 2,333 km² (n/a) 911 sq mi...

Map of the islands.
Map of the islands.

Madeira Island is the largest island of the group with an area of 741 km², a length of 30 geographical miles (57 km), a breadth of 13 miles (22 km) at its widest point, and a coastline of 80 to 90 miles. Its longer axis lies east and west, along which lies a mountain chain with a mean altitude of 4,000 feet (1,220 metres), considered the backbone of the island from which many deep ravines radiate outward to the coast. Its most famous cliff, the Cabo Girão, is one of the biggest in Europe. The highest point on the island is Pico Ruivo, at 1,862 meters (6,107 feet).[2] Image File history File links Madeira_island. ... Image File history File links Madeira_island. ... Cabo Girão Cabo Girão is a steep cliff located in the southern part of the island of Madeira located less than 2 km near Câmara de Lobos. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... View of Pico Ruivo from Pico do Arieiro Its a peak located on the Madeira Islands, it can be reached from Pico do Arieiro (3rd highest) or from Santana. ...


In the south, there is very little left of the indigenous laurisilva subtropical rainforest which once covered the whole island (the original settlers set fire to the island to clear the land for farming) and gave it the name it now bears (Madeira means "wood" in Portuguese). However, in the north, the valleys contain native trees of fine growth. These laurisilva forests, notably the forests on the northern slopes of Madeira Island, are designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Laurisilva on in the National Park Garajonay on La Gomera Laurisilva on La Palma Laurisilva is a type of humid subtropical laurel forest found on several of the Macaronesian islands of the north Atlantic, namely the Azores, Madeira Islands, and the Canary Islands. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ...


A long, narrow, and comparatively low rocky promontory forms the eastern extremity of the island, on which lies a tract of calcareous sand known as the Fossil Bed. It contains land shells and numerous bodies resembling the roots of trees, probably produced by infiltration.


Madeira Island's geographical position and mountainous landscape result in a very pleasant climate which varies between the north side, south side, and smaller islands groups like Porto Santo and Savages. The mean annual average on the coast line can reach more than 20°C in the south. With its mild humidity, the weather of the island is classified as oceanic subtropical and with its low rain level, desertic on the Savages. Influenced by the Gulf Stream, sea water temperature varies between 26°C during the summer and 17°C in the winter. For the album by Ocean Colour Scene, see North Atlantic Drift (album) The Gulf Stream is orange and yellow in this representation of water temperatures of the Atlantic. ...


Economy

Madeira's Casino, Funchal
Madeira's Casino, Funchal
The busy port of Funchal
The busy port of Funchal

The setting-up of the Free Industrial Zone has led to the installation, under more favourable conditions, of infrastructure, production shops and essential services for small and medium-sized industrial enterprises. The Free Zone of Madeira, also called the Madeira International Business Centre, being a tax-privileged economic area, provides an incentive for companies, offering them financial and tax advantages via a whole range of activities exercised in the Industrial Free Zone, the Off-Shore Financial Centre, the International Shipping Register organisation, and the International Service Centre. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 729 KB) Summary Description: Casino in Funchal, Madeira; Architect Oscar Niemeyer Source: from author Author: Hannes Grobe Date: 2006-04-07 Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Oscar Niemeyer Funchal Metadata This file contains additional information... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 729 KB) Summary Description: Casino in Funchal, Madeira; Architect Oscar Niemeyer Source: from author Author: Hannes Grobe Date: 2006-04-07 Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Oscar Niemeyer Funchal Metadata This file contains additional information... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1224 × 1632 pixel, file size: 457 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The cruise ship AIDAblu in the harbor of Funchal, Madeira A helicopter is flying towards the AIDAblu. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1224 × 1632 pixel, file size: 457 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The cruise ship AIDAblu in the harbor of Funchal, Madeira A helicopter is flying towards the AIDAblu. ...


The services sector makes the largest contribution to the formation of the regional gross value added as opposed to the agricultural sector, for which the share has continuously declined in the regional economy. Farming, ploughing rice paddy, in Indonesia Agriculture is the process of producing food, feed, fiber and other desired products by cultivation of certain plants and the raising of domesticated animals (livestock). ...


Over the last few years, the regional economy has managed to open up and establish more internal and external competitiveness, so that its companies have become internationalised.


The largest industries are associated with the activities of food, beverages (and especially Madeira wine) and construction. The word drink is primarily a verb, meaning to ingest liquids, see Drinking. ... Madeira is a fortified wine made in the Madeira Islands of Portugal, which is prized equally for drinking and cooking; the latter use including the dessert plum in Madeira. ... For other uses, see Construction (disambiguation). ...


Tourism

Tourism is an important sector in the region's economy since it contributes 20% to the region's GDP, providing support throughout the year for commercial, transport and other activities and constituting a significant market for local products. The share in Gross Value Added of hotels and restaurants (9%) also highlights this phenomenon. The island of Porto Santo, with its 9 km long beach and its climate, is totally devoted to tourism. Over the past decade it has recorded a substantial increase in its hotel accommodation capacity. Tourist redirects here. ... GDP is an acronym which can stand for more than one thing: (in economics) an abbreviation for Gross Domestic Product. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A typical restaurant in uptown Manhattan A restaurant is an establishment that serves prepared food and beverages to be consumed on the premises. ... Porto Santo Island is a Portuguese island 50 km northeast of Madeira Island in the North Atlantic Ocean. ...

The Madeira has considerable potential since the necessary infrastructure has been established and adequate investment incentives introduced for expanding its hotel and catering structure in a controlled manner, without disturbing the socio-economic and environmental balance, and without neglecting the conservation of its nature, which is one of tourists' main reasons for visiting Madeira. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (800x620, 315 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Funchal ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (800x620, 315 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Funchal ... Funchal at night Funchal (pron. ... In physics, a potential may refer to the scalar potential or to the vector potential. ...


Visitors are from the European Union, with German, British, Scandinavian and Portuguese tourists providing the main contingents. The average annual occupancy rate was 57.4% in 2001, reaching its maximum in March and April, when it exceeds 70%. For other uses, see Scandinavia (disambiguation). ...

Transport

Main article: Transport in Madeira

The Islands have two airports, one in Santa Cruz (known as Funchal Airport (FNC)) on the Island of Madeira and the other in the city of Vila Baleira on Porto Santo Island. Flights to the islands are mostly made from Lisbon and Porto, but there are also direct flights from other major European cities and other countries, like Brazil, Venezuela and South Africa. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2240 × 1680 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2240 × 1680 pixel, file size: 2. ... Madeira Airport (IATA: FNC, ICAO: LPMA), also known as Funchal Airport and Santa Catarina Airport, is an international airport located near Funchal, Madeira. ... Santa Cruz (pron. ... Madeira Airport (IATA: FNC, ICAO: LPMA), also known as Funchal Airport and Santa Catarina Airport, is an international airport located near Funchal, Madeira. ... Porto Santo Island is a Portuguese island 50 km northeast of Madeira Island in the North Atlantic Ocean. ... Porto Santo Island (pron. ... For other uses, see Lisbon (disambiguation). ... Oporto redirects here. ...


In the past Funchal airport was infamous for its runway, which was short and was built on a high embankment but which fell away abruptly to the sea and was often troubled by difficult upwinds which tended to uplift aircraft when landing. In the past the largest airliners that were able to use the airport were the Airbus A320 and Boeing 737, but recently the runway has been realigned and extended to 2.7km, enabling almost any modern airliner to visit the island, including the Boeing 747-400, one of the biggest airliners today. The Airbus A320 family of short-to-medium range commercial passenger aircraft are manufactured by Airbus S.A.S.. Family members include the A318, A319, A320, and A321, as well as the ACJ business jet. ... The Boeing 737 is a short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body jet airliner. ... The Boeing 747-400 is the latest version of the Boeing 747 in service. ...


European Union citizens of the Schengen Treaty area can enter the islands freely, while those from other regions need identification. Schengen Treaty members are in dark blue, while signatories (where it is not yet implemented) are in light blue. ...


Transport between the two main islands is done by plane or by ferries, the latter also allowing for the transportation of vehicles. Visiting the interior of the islands is now very easy, due to major road developments, known as the Via Rapids, on the islands during Portugal's economic boom. Modern roads reach all points of interest on the islands. The old, curving mountain roads are still an excellent way to tour the island. Funchal has an extensive public transportation system. Bus companies, including Horarios do Funchal which has been operating for over one hundred years, have regularly scheduled routes to all points of interest on the island.


Culture and people

The islands are noted as the source of Madeira wine. The islands are also known for their exotic flowers, sub-tropical, tropical fruits and New Year's Eve celebrations with a spectacular fireworks show, considered the biggest in the world.[citation needed] Madeira is a fortified wine made in the Madeira Islands of Portugal, which is prized equally for drinking and cooking; the latter use including the dessert plum in Madeira. ... A fireworks event (fireworks display, fireworks show) is a spectacular display of the effects produced by firework devices on various occasions. ...


This island now produces also banana, mangoes, papaws, guyabas, pinneapple, sugar cane, avocados, passionflower, coffee and many other fruit and specialty crops. In their gardens, inhabitants also grow coconut palms (Cocos nucifera), rubber trees, and other "exotic" plants.


Traditional pastries in Madeira usually contain local ingredients, one of the most common being mel de cana, literally sugarcane honey - molasses. The traditional cake of Madeira is called "Bolo de mel", which translates as (Sugarcane) "Honey Cake" and according to custom is never cut with a knife but broken into pieces by hand. It is a rich and heavy cake. Visitors to the island will see plentiful examples of handicraft on sale in shops.


There are around 250,000 inhabitants (1991) in the two main islands, while only 4,800 live on Porto Santo Island. The population density is 337 inhabitants per square kilometre in Madeira and 112 in Porto Santo. Most of the early settlers were from the Portuguese regions of the Algarve and Minho. The islands have historical monuments, streets and plazas (praças) with many gardens and typical small towns. Algarve NUTS II region, and the district of Faro in Portugal. ... Miño/Minho designates both the river as well as an adjacent Portuguese region Miño/Minho River The river is the longest in Galicia with an extension of 340 km. ...


Geological origin and volcanism

Madeira Island
Elevation 1,862 m (6,109 ft)
Location Atlantic Ocean
Coordinates 32°44′N, 16°58′W
Type shield volcano
Age of rock over 5 million years
Last eruption 6,500 years ago

Madeira Island is the top of a massive shield volcano that rises about 6 km from the floor of the Atlantic Ocean, on a underwater mountain range called Tore, which stands on the African plate. The volcano formed atop an east-west rift in the oceanic crust. Construction of the bulk of the volcano began during the Miocene Epoch over 5 million years ago and continued into the Pleistocene until about 700,000 years ago. This was followed by extensive erosion, producing two large amphitheaters open to south in the central part of the island. A topographical summit is a point on a surface which is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Mountains can be characterized in several ways. ... Shield volcano A shield volcano is a large volcano with shallow-sloping side. ... Diagram of geological time scale. ... Cleveland Volcano in the Aleutian Islands of Alaska photographed from the International Space Station For other uses, see Volcano (disambiguation). ... Shield volcano A shield volcano is a large volcano with shallow-sloping side. ... In geology, a rift is a place where the Earths lithosphere is expanding. ... Age of oceanic crust Oceanic crust is the part of Earths lithosphere that surfaces in the ocean basins. ... The Miocene Epoch is a period of time that extends from about 23. ... The Pleistocene epoch (IPA: ) on the geologic timescale is the period from 1,808,000 to 11,550 years BP. The Pleistocene epoch had been intended to cover the worlds recent period of repeated glaciations. ... For morphological image processing operations, see Erosion (morphology). ...


Volcanic activity later resumed, producing scoria cones and lava flows atop the older eroded shield. The most recent volcanic eruptions were on the west-central part of the island only 6,500 years ago, creating more cinder cones and lava flows. Puʻu ʻŌʻō, a cinder-and-spatter cone on Kīlauea, Hawaiʻi Volcanic cones are among the simplest volcano formations in the world. ... In computer programming jargon, lava flow is a problem in which computer code, usually written under less than optimal conditions, is put into production and then built on when still in a developmental state. ... For peaks named Cinder Cone, see list of peaks named Cinder Cone. ...


Biodiversity

Typical Madeiran flowers
Typical Madeiran flowers

Madeira has three endemic birds: Zino's Petrel, the Trocaz pigeon and the Madeira Firecrest. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2362x2362, 1199 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Madeira Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2362x2362, 1199 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Madeira Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... This article is a parent page for a series of articles providing information about endemism among birds in the Worlds various zoogeographic zones. ... Binomial name Pterodroma madeira Mathews,, 1934 The Zinos Petrel (Pterodroma madeira) is a small seabird in the gadfly petrel genus. ... Binomial name Columba trocaz Heineken, 1829 The Trocaz Pigeon (Columba trocaz) is a member of the family Columbidae (doves and pigeons) which is endemic to Madeira. ... Binomial name Regulus madeirensis (Harcourt, 1851) The Madeira Firecrest Regulus madeirensis is a very small passerine bird in the kinglet family, closely allied to the Firecrest, and until recently considered a subspecies of it. ...


It is also of importance for other breeding seabirds, including the Madeiran Storm-petrel, North Atlantic Little Shearwater and Cory's Shearwater. The Sooty Tern is highly aerial and marine and will spend years flying at sea without returning to land. ... Genera Subfamily Oceanitinadae Oceanites Pelagodroma Fregatta Neofregatta Subfamily Hydrobatinae Garrodia Hydrobates Oceanodroma Halocyptena The storm-petrels are seabirds in the family Hydrobatidae, part of the order Procellariiformes. ... Binomial name Puffinus baroli Bonaparte, 1857 The North Atlantic Little Shearwater (Puffinus baroli), also known as the Macaronesian Shearwater, is a species of shearwater. ... Binomial name Calonectris diomedea (Scopoli, 1769) The Corys Shearwater (Calonectris diomedea) is a large shearwater in the seabird family Procellariidae. ...


The Macaronesia region harbours an important floral diversity. In fact, the archipelago's forest composition and maturity are quite similar to the forests found in the Tertiary period that covered Southern Europe and Northern Africa millions of years ago. Not to be confused with Micronesia. ... The Tertiary period is one of the major divisions of the geologic timescale, from the end of the Cretaceous period about 64 million years ago to the start of the Quaternary period about 1. ... The southern half of Europe is shown in shades of red. ... Categories: Africa geography stubs | North Africa ...


The great biodiversity of Madeira is phytogeographically linked to the Mediterranean region, Africa, America and Australia, and interest in this phytogeography has been increasing in recent years due to the discovery of some epiphytic bryophyte species with non-adjacent distribution. Madeira also has many endemic species of fauna–mostly invertebrates but also some vertebrates such as the native bat, some lizards species, and some birds as already mentioned. These islands have more than 200 species of land molluscs (snails and slugs), some with very unusual shell shape and colours. Rainforests are among the most biodiverse ecosystems on earth Biodiversity is the variation of taxonomic life forms within a given ecosystem, biome or for the entire Earth. ... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... World map showing the Americas CIA political map of the Americas in an equal-area projection The Americas are the lands of the New World, consisting of the continents of North America and South America with their associated islands and regions. ...


Levadas

Levadas provide a remarkable network of walking paths on Madeira
Levadas provide a remarkable network of walking paths on Madeira
Main article: Levada

The island of Madeira is wet in the northwest but dry in the southeast. In the 16th century the Portuguese started building levadas to carry water to the agricultural regions. The most recent was made in the 1940s. Madeira is very mountainous, and building the levadas was often difficult. Many are cut into the sides of mountains, and it was also necessary to dig 25 miles of tunnels. [1] File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Levada near Rabaçal For other uses, see Levada (disambiguation). ... Levada near Rabaçal For other uses, see Levada (disambiguation). ...


Today the levadas not only supply water to the southern parts of the island but provide hydro-electric power. There are over 1350 miles of levadas and they provide a remarkable network of walking paths. Some provide easy and relaxing walks through beautiful countryside, but others are narrow, crumbling ledges where a slip could result in serious injury or death. Hydroelectric dam diagram The waters of Llyn Stwlan, the upper reservoir of the Ffestiniog Pumped-Storage Scheme in north Wales, can just be glimpsed on the right. ...


Two of the most popular levadas to hike are the Levada do Caldeirão Verde and the Levada do Caldeirão do Inferno which should not be attempted by hikers prone to vertigo or without torches and helmets. The Levada do Caniçal is a much easier walk, running 7.1 miles from Maroços to the Caniçal Tunnel. It is known as the mimosa levada because mimosa trees are found all along the route. For other uses, see Mimosa (disambiguation). ...


Sport

Madeira has two football teams in the Portuguese Liga, Portugal's top league, Marítimo of Funchal and Nacional. The Manchester United and Portugal footballer Cristiano Ronaldo was born in Madeira and played for Nacional before going to Sporting Lisbon.[3] Marítimo has also nurtured other great players such as Pepe, now at Real Madrid, Tonel, now at Sporting and Manduca, who was transferred to Benfica. “Soccer” redirects here. ... The Portuguese Liga (pron. ... Club Sport Marítimo, commonly shortened to CS Marítimo, is a Portuguese football club that plays in the Estádio dos Barreiros in Funchal, Madeira Islands. ... Clube Desportivo Nacional, founded in 1910, is a Portuguese football club, that plays in Funchal, Madeira Islands. ... Manchester Uniteds emblem Manchester United F.C. (often abbreviated to Man United or just Man U, pronounced man-yoo) is an English football club based at Old Trafford in Greater Manchester. ... Cristiano Ronaldo dos Santos Aveiro, OIH (pron. ... Sporting Clube de Portugal, often known outside Portugal as Sporting Lisbon, is a sports club that is best known for having one of the best football teams in Portugal. ... For other uses, see Pepe (disambiguation). ... Real Madrid Club de Fútbol is a Spanish sports club most widely known for its professional football team based in Madrid. ... Antonio Leonel Vilar Nogueira Sousa, better known as Tonel, is a Portuguese defender. ... Manduca is a Genus of the Sphingidae family of moths. ... Benfica is a civil parish of the Portuguese capital, Lisboa (Lisbon). ...


Marítimo has also enjoyed various campaigns in the UEFA Cup having recorded famous results against teams such as Juventus, Leeds and Rangers. In 2003-04 Nacional has achieved 4th place in the Portuguese League, their best classification ever. For the current season, see UEFA Cup 2007-08. ... Juventus Football Club (Latin for Youth, pronounced yoo-VEHN-toos) is one of Italys oldest and most successful football clubs, based in Turin. ... Leeds United F.C. is the only professional association football club in Leeds. ... For other uses, see Rangers F.C. (disambiguation). ... The 2003-2004 football season in Portuguese football was clearly dominated by FC Porto. ...


In recent years Madeira has had a considerable amount of success in professional basketball, with CAB Madeira having won numerous titles, especially their female team. CAB are often seen competing in European competition such as the FIBA EuroCup, and former stars include Filipe da Silva and ex-Los Angeles Lakers player Ike Nwankwo. This article is about the sport. ... Club Name CAB Madeira Image Arena Pavilhão do CAB, Funchal, Madeira Portugal. ... The International Basketball Federation (French Fédération Internationale de Basketball) is an association of national organizations which governs international competitition in the sport. ... // ClanBase often abbreviated to CB by gamers is the largest electronic sports league in the world and one of the oldest online gaming leagues in the world. ... The Los Angeles Lakers are a National Basketball Association (NBA) team based in Los Angeles, California. ...


Madeira Andebol SAD, the island's only professional handball team is one of the most successful in the country, while rally car racing, fishing and golf are other popular sports played on the island. Club Name Madeira Andebol SAD Image Foundation 1998 Arena Pavilhão Desportivo do Funchal, Funchal, Madeira Portugal. ... Handball is the name of several different sports: Team handball, or Olympic/European Handball is a game somewhat similar to association football, but the ball is played with the hand, not the foot. ... Petter Solberg driving on gravel at the 2006 Cyprus Rally, a World Rally Championship event. ... Fishermen in the harbor of Kochi, India. ... This article is about the sport. ...


Rugby union is also played on the island to a minor degree.[citation needed] For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ...


Postage stamps

In 1868, Portugal issued postage stamps for Madeira, consisting of the current stamps of Portugal overprinted "MADEIRA". This continued until 1928, when a series for Madeira was issued; but this was the last to be produced until 1980 (stamps of Portugal having been valid in Madeira since 1898), when Portugal began issuing stamps inscribed "Portugal Madeira" that were valid in both Madeira and Continental Portugal, similar to those issued for the Azores. A selection of Hong Kong postage stamps A postage stamp is evidence of pre-paying a fee for postal services. ... An overprint is the addition of text (and sometimes graphics) to the face of a postage stamp after it has been printed. ... Motto (Portuguese for Rather die free than in peace subjugated) Anthem  (national)  (local) Capital Ponta Delgada1 Angra do Heroísmo2 Horta3 Largest city Ponta Delgada Official languages Portuguese Government Autonomous region  -  President Carlos César Establishment  -  Settled 1439   -  Autonomy 1976  Area  -  Total 2,333 km² (n/a) 911 sq mi...


Demographics

A 3D image from the east of the Island.
A 3D image from the east of the Island.

Just like the districts of mainland Portugal, Madeira is also further subdivided into 11 municipalities: Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Municipio (Spanish and Italian) and Município (Portuguese) are the terms used for the following subnational entities: Municipalities of Argentina Municipalities of Columbia Município (Brazil) Municipio (Italy) Municipalities of Mexico Municipalities of Portugal Municipio (Spain) Municipalities of Venezuela Note: The municipalities of Chile are not municipios but comunas. ...

Municipalities Population
(2006) [3]
Area (km²) Main city/town Freguesias
Funchal 100,847 75.7 Funchal 10
Câmara de Lobos 35,150 52.6 Câmara de Lobos 2
Santa Cruz 32,696 68.0 Santa Cruz 5
Machico 21,321 67.6 Machico 5
Ribeira Brava 12,523 64.9 Ribeira Brava 4
Calheta 11,856 110.3 Calheta 8
Santana 8,491  ?? 136.3 ?? Santana 2
Ponta do Sol 8,189 46.8 Ponta do Sol 3
São Vicente 6,063 80.8 São Vicente 3
Porto Santo (Island) 4,388 42.4 Vila Baleira 1
Porto Moniz 2,762 82.6 Porto Moniz 4
Total 244,286 768.0 Total 47

A freguesia is a secondary local administrative unit in Portugal and the former Portuguese overseas province of Macao. ... Funchal at night Funchal (pron. ... Funchal at night Funchal (pron. ... Câmara de Lobos as seen from the Cabo Girao. ... Câmara de Lobos as seen from the Cabo Girao. ... Santa Cruz (pron. ... Santa Cruz (pron. ... Machico (pron. ... Machico (pron. ... Ribeira Brava (pron. ... Ribeira Brava (pron. ... There are two parishes and two districts that have the name Calheta in two of the Portugals external territories/autonomous regions: Calheta, a parish and a district of the Azores Calheta, a parish and a district of Madeira Calheta de Nesquim, a parish in the district of Lajes do... There are two parishes and two districts that have the name Calheta in two of the Portugals external territories/autonomous regions: Calheta, a parish and a district of the Azores Calheta, a parish and a district of Madeira Calheta de Nesquim, a parish in the district of Lajes do... Santana (pron. ... Santana (pron. ... There is also Ponta da Sol in Cape Verde, see Ponta da Sol, Cape Verde Ponta do Sol (Portuguese meaning the point of the sun) is a municipality in the west-central part of Madeira. ... There is also Ponta da Sol in Cape Verde, see Ponta da Sol, Cape Verde Ponta do Sol (Portuguese meaning the point of the sun) is a municipality in the west-central part of Madeira. ... São Vicente (Portuguese meaning Saint Vincent) is a town located in the west northwestern part of the Madeira Islands. ... São Vicente (Portuguese meaning Saint Vincent) is a town located in the west northwestern part of the Madeira Islands. ... Porto Santo Island is a Portuguese island 50 km northeast of Madeira Island in the North Atlantic Ocean. ... Porto Santo Island is a Portuguese island 50 km northeast of Madeira Island in the North Atlantic Ocean. ... Porto Moniz (pron. ... Porto Moniz (pron. ...

Capital city

Today Funchal is a modern city with about 100,000 inhabitants. Funchal is located in a unique area; the natural geological features form an "amphitheatre" surrounding the city, which begins at the harbour and rises almost 1200 metres high on gentle slopes. This provides a natural shelter and was what attracted the first settlers. Funchal at night Funchal (pron. ... Funchal at night Funchal (pron. ... The Colosseum in Rome, Italy. ...


Madeira's capital for more than five centuries, Funchal is said to have been named as such because of the abundance of fennel (funcho in Portuguese) grew there. Not to be confused with capitol. ... Binomial name Foeniculum vulgare Mill. ...


The harbour and climate combined with an excellent geographical position allowed Funchal to have a rapid population growth.


Probably the most central point is the Sé Cathedral. Built between 1493 and 1514 by Pêro Annes in Manueline style it represents one of Madeira's numerous treasures. For other uses, see Cathedral (disambiguation). ... 1493 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1514 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... In architecture, manueline is the sumptuous, composite Portuguese style of architectural ornamentation of the first decades of the 16th century, incorporating maritime elements and discoveries brought from the voyages of Vasco da Gama and Pedro Álvares Cabral. ...


Notable Madeirans

Cristiano Ronaldo, world class football player.
Cristiano Ronaldo, world class football player.
Fátima Lopes, international fashion designer.
Fátima Lopes, international fashion designer.

The following people were either born or have lived part of their lives in Madeira: Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Cristiano Ronaldo dos Santos Aveiro, OIH (pron. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 400 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (500 × 750 pixel, file size: 323 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Fátima Lopes... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 400 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (500 × 750 pixel, file size: 323 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Fátima Lopes... Fátima Lopes. ...

Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos (1837-1880) was the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Goa. ... For other uses, see Goa (disambiguation). ... Alberto João Cardoso Gonçalves Jardim, GCIH, pron. ... António de Abreu was a Portuguese navigator and military (16th century, born in Madeira), participate with Afonso de Albuquerque in the conquest of Ormus in 1507 and Malacca in 1511, where stay injured. ... Artur de Sousa, known for his nickname Pinga (born July 30, 1909 in Funchal, Portugal) was a footballer and later coach who made his name in FC Porto, club he served until his death in 1963. ... Club Sport Marítimo commonly shortened to CS Marítimo and just Marítimo (pron. ... Futebol Clube do Porto (pron. ... Catarina Fagundes (born 8 April 1977) is a Portugal Olympic athlete for Mistral Windsurf in Atlanta 1996 Summer Olympics. ... The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ... Windsurfing in Essex, England Windsurfing (also called boardsailing) is a sport involving travel over water on a small 2-4. ... Christopher Columbus (1451 – May 20, 1506) was a navigator, colonizer, and explorer and one of the first Europeans to explore the Americas after the Vikings. ... Cristiano Ronaldo dos Santos Aveiro, OIH (pron. ... Manchester United Football Club are a world-famous English football club, based at the Old Trafford stadium in Trafford, Greater Manchester, and are one of the most popular sports clubs in the world, with over 50 million supporters worldwide. ... The Midfield in relation to the football positions In association football, a midfielder is a player whose position of play is midway between the attacking strikers and the defenders (highlighted in blue on the diagram). ... Pestana Group is currently the largest Portuguese tourism and leisure group, its hotel chain PH&R - Pestana Hotels and Resorts, has 38 hotels and more than 6. ... Fátima Lopes. ... Fabio Machado is a portuguese mandolin player. ... Jaime Ornelas Camacho, (born 1911), was the first President of the Regional Government of Madeira, Portugal, and a member of the Madeirense branch of the popular centre-right-wing Portuguese party PSD. In 1978, he was forced out of office and succeeded by Alberto João Jardim, the current President... An entrepreneur (a loanword from French introduced and first defined by the Irish economist Richard Cantillon) is a person who operates a new enterprise or venture and assumes some accountability for the inherent risks. ... Banco Comercial Português, or Portuguese Commercial Bank in English, and known internationally as BCP, is a major bank of Portugal. ... João Filipe Gaspar Rodrigues, better known as João Rodrigues, (born November 2, 1971 in Funchal, Madeira) is a Portuguese Olympic athlete for Windsurf. ... The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ... Windsurfing in Essex, England Windsurfing (also called boardsailing) is a sport involving travel over water on a small 2-4. ... José Berardo, born in 1944, in Madeira island, Portugal, is a Portuguese businessman and stock investor. ... José Lúcio Travassos Valdez José Lúcio Travassos Valdez (February 23, 1787-July 10, 1862), 1st and sole Baron and 1st Count do Bonfim (pron. ... José Vicente de Freitas José Vicente de Freitas, pron. ... Karl I, a. ... Luis Jardim (sometimes credited as Louis Jardim) is a Portuguese percussionist, born in the Madeira Island, best known for his work with producer Trevor Horn. ... The ukulele (Hawaiian: , pronounced ; Anglicised pronunciation usually IPA: ), sometimes spelled ukelele (particularly in the UK) or uke, is a chordophone classified as a plucked lute; it is a subset of the guitar family of instruments, generally with four strings or four courses of strings. ... Menasseh Ben Israel (1604-1657), Jewish rabbi, scholar, writer, diplomat, printer and publisher, founder of the first Hebrew printing press in Amsterdam in 1626. ... Painting of the Amsterdam Esnoga — considered the mother synagogue by the Portuguese and Spanish Jews — by Emanuel de Witte (ab. ... For the town in Italy, see Rabbi, Italy. ... A publisher is a person or entity which engages in the act of publishing. ... Moisés Mo Constantino Henriques (born February 1, 1987, Funchal, Portugal) is an Australian cricketer who has represented the NSW Blues and captained the Australian team at the U/19 cricket World Cup in 2005. ... // History The New South Wales Blues are an Australian first class cricket team based in Sydney, New South Wales. ... Nadia Almada (born January 28, 1977) is a Madeiran reality television star, best-known for being the first transsexual winner of Big Brother (UK series 5) in 2004. ... Big Brother 5 in 2004 was the fifth series of Big Brother in the UK, a reality television show shown on Channel 4 in which a number of contestants live in an isolated house trying to avoid being evicted by the public with the aim of winning a large cash... Paul Langerhans (1847 - 1888) was a famous German pathologist and biologist. ... A renal cell carcinoma (chromophobe type) viewed on a hematoxylin & eosin stained slide Pathologist redirects here. ... For the song by Girls Aloud see Biology (song) Biology studies the variety of life (clockwise from top-left) E. coli, tree fern, gazelle, Goliath beetle Biology (from Greek: βίος, bio, life; and λόγος, logos, speech lit. ... Rigo 23 - Photo by Tristan Savatier Rigo 23 (also known as Rigo <year>, for example, Rigo 95), born (1966) Ricardo Gouveia, is a Portuguese muralist, painter, and political artist residing in San Francisco, California. ... For other uses, see Cardinal (disambiguation). ... Catholic Church redirects here. ... Funchal at night Funchal (pron. ...

Islands and main Islets

The 9 km beach of Porto Santo island.

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 220 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) http://pt. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 220 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) http://pt. ... Porto Santo Island is a Portuguese island 50 km northeast of Madeira Island in the North Atlantic Ocean. ...

Madeira Islands

  1. Madeira Island
  2. Porto Santo Island

Porto Santo Island (pron. ...

Desertas Islands (Madeira)

  1. Deserta Grande Island
  2. Bugio Island
  3. Chão Islet

The Deserta Grande Island is the main island of the Desertas Islands, a small chain of islands in the archipelago of Madeira, located to the southeast of the island of Madeira. ... The Bugio Island is the one of the island of the Desertas Islands, a small chain of islands in the archipelago of Madeira, located to the southeast of the island of Madeira. ... The Chão Islet is a small islet in the Desertas Islands, a small chain of islands in the archipelago of Madeira, located to the southeast of the island of Madeira. ...

Selvagens Islands (Madeira)

Also known as the Dry Salvages.

  1. Selvagem Grande Island
  2. Selvagem Pequena Island
  3. Palheiro da Terra Islet
  4. Palheiro do Mar Islet
  5. Fora Islet
  6. Alto Islet
  7. Comprido Islet
  8. Redondo Islet
  9. Norte Islets

The Selvagem Grande Island. ... The Savage Islands. ...

Gallery

See also

Portugal Portal 

Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... Not to be confused with Micronesia. ... The Madeira Island Open is a mens professional golf tournament on the European Tour, played on the Madeira Islands in Portugal. ...

References

  1. ^ Madeira “largest firework display in the world”
  2. ^ MadeiraHelp.com
  3. ^ Cristiano Ronaldo

External links

Portugal Portal 
Find more about Madeira on Wikipedia's sister projects:
Dictionary definitions
Textbooks
Quotations
Source texts
Images and media
News stories
Learning resources
Portugal was the leading country in the European exploration of the world in the 15th century. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Madeira Island - Straight from Funchal, Madeira, Portugal - Welcome (0 words)
The Madeira Property Finder is a recently launched service for local advertisers to sell their real estate to a wider international audience.
If you are a parent moving to Madeira or are seeking a quality alternative to your child's current eduation at the moment do not hesitate to visit the "Escola Internacional da Madeira".
Madeira is surrounded by the Atlantic - the blue waves visible almost from anywhere on the island.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m