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Encyclopedia > Mack Sennett
Mack Sennett (1880 - 1960)

Mack Sennett (January 17, 1880November 5, 1960) was an innovator of slapstick comedy in film. During his lifetime he was known at times as the "King of Comedy." Image File history File links Mack_Sennett. ... Image File history File links Mack_Sennett. ... January 17 is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Slapstick is a type of comedy involving exaggerated physical violence. ... Film is a term that encompasses individual motion pictures, the field of film as an art form, and the motion picture industry. ...

Contents

Early life

Born Michael Sinnott in Danville, Quebec, Canada Sennett was a son of Irish Catholic immigrant farmers; his father was a blacksmith in the small Eastern Townships village. At age 17 his family moved to Connecticut. Danville is a town in the Canadian province of Quebec. ... Irish Catholics are persons of predominantly Irish descent who adhere to the Roman Catholic faith. ... The Eastern Townships (in French les Cantons de lest) is a region in south central Quebec, lying between the Saint Lawrence River and the US border. ... Official language(s) English Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport Largest metro area Hartford Area  Ranked 48th  - Total 5,543[2] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ...


The family lived for a time in the Massachusetts town of Northampton, where, according to his autobiography, Sennett first got the idea to go on stage after seeing a vaudeville show. He claimed that the most respected lawyer in town, sometime Northampton mayor and later president of the United States Calvin Coolidge, and Sennett's mother tried to talk him out of his theatrical ambitions. Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Hampshire County Settled 1654 Incorporated 1656 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Mary Clare Higgins Area  - City  35. ... John Calvin Coolidge, Jr. ...


In New York City, Sennett became a singer, dancer, clown, actor (mostly playing low comedy parts, usually oafish rural types), set designer and director for Biograph. New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... The American Mutoscope and Biograph Company, was a motion picture company founded in 1895 and active until 1928. ...


Keystone Studios

Keystone Studios

With financial backing from Adam Kessel and Charles O. Bauman of the New York Motion Picture Company, in 1912 Sennett founded Keystone Studios in Edendale, California, (which is now a part of Echo Park). The original main building, the first totally enclosed film stage and studio in history, is still there. Many important actors started their careers with Sennett, including Mabel Normand. Charlie Chaplin, Raymond Griffith, Gloria Swanson, Ford Sterling, Andy Clyde, The Keystone Kops, Bing Crosby, and W. C. Fields. Image File history File links Keystone_Studios. ... Image File history File links Keystone_Studios. ... The Keystone / Mack Sennett studios Keystone Studios was an early movie studio founded in Glendale, California in 1912 as the Keystone Pictures Studio by Mack Sennett with backing from Adam Kessel and Charles O. Bauman, owners of the New York Motion Picture Company. ... Edendale is a historical name for a district in Los Angeles, California, northwest of downtown, in what is known today as Echo Park and the eastern edge of Silver Lake. ... Mabel Normand Mabel Normand (November 10, 1892 - February 23, 1930) was a US film actress, who was a popular comedienne in silent films. ... Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin, Jr. ... Raymond Griffith (January 23, 1895 - November 25, 1957) one of the great silent movie comedians. ... Gloria Swanson (March 27, 1899 - April 4, 1983), was an Academy Award-nominated, Golden Globe-winning American Hollywood actress. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion, because: empty page If you disagree with its speedy deletion, please explain why on its talk page or at Wikipedia:Speedy deletions. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Keystone Kops in a typical pose. ... Harry Lillis Bing Crosby (May 3, 1903 – October 14, 1977) was an American singer and actor whose career lasted from 1926 until his death in 1977. ... W. C. Fields (January 29, 1880 – December 25, 1946) was an American juggler, comedian, and actor. ...


Sennett's slapstick comedies were noted for their wild car chases and custard pie warfare. His first comedienne was Mabel Normand, who became a major star (and with whom he embarked on a tumultuous personal relationship). His films featured a bevy of girls known as the Sennett Bathing Beauties which included Juanita Hansen and Phyllis Haver. Sennett also developed the Kid Comedies, a forerunner of the Our Gang films and in a short time his name became synonymous with screen comedy. In 1915 Keystone Studios became an autonomous production unit of the ambitious Triangle Pictures Corporation, as Sennett joined forces with movie bigwigs D. W. Griffith and Thomas Ince. Slapstick is a type of comedy involving exaggerated physical violence. ... A custard pie is a pie crust filled with a cooked custard. ... Mabel Normand Mabel Normand (November 10, 1892 - February 23, 1930) was a US film actress, who was a popular comedienne in silent films. ... Juanita Hansen Juanita Hansen (March 3, 1895 - September 26, 1961) was an American motion picture actress. ... Phyllis Haver Phyllis Haver (January 6, 1899 - November 19, 1960) was a popular American actress of the silent film era. ... A poster for the 1931 Our Gang comedy Love Business featuring depictions of (from left to right): Pete the Pup, Jackie Cooper, and Norman Chubby Chaney. ... David Llewelyn Wark D.W. Griffith (January 22, 1875 – July 23, 1948) was an American film director. ... Thomas Harper Ince (November 6, 1882–November 20, 1924) was an American film director. ...


In 1917 Sennett gave up the Keystone trademark and organized his own company, Mack Sennett Comedies Corporation, producing longer comedy short films and a few feature-length films. During the 1920s his short subjects were in much demand, with stars like Billy Bevan, Andy Clyde, Harry Gribbon, Vernon Dent, Alice Day, Ralph Graves, Charlie Murray, and Harry Langdon. He produced several features with his brightest stars, such as Ben Turpin and Mabel Normand. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Vernon Bruce Dent (born February 16th, 1895, in San Jose, CA; died November 5th, 1963, in Hollywood, CA) was a comic actor who co-starred in many short films for Columbia Pictures. ... This article is about Alice Day, the actor. ... Harry Langdon an American silent comedian who fared badly in sound films. ... Ben Turpin (1869-1940) Ben Turpin (center) with two Mack Sennett Studios bathing beauties Ben Turpin (September 19, 1869 - July 1, 1940) was a comedian, best remembered for his work in silent films. ...


Many of Sennett's films of the early 1920s were inherited by Warner Brothers when Warners merged with the original distributor, First National. Warner added music and commentary to several of these shorts, but eventually destroyed the original elements for storage space. As a result many Sennett films, especially those from his most productive and creative period, no longer exist. Warner Bros. ...


Move to Pathé

In the mid-1920s Sennett moved over to Pathé distribution. Pathé had a huge market share but made bad corporate decisions, such as attempting to sell too many comedies at once (including those of Sennett's main competitor, Hal Roach). In 1927 Paramount and MGM, Hollywood's two top studios, noting the profits being made by companies like Pathé and Educational, both re-entered the production and distribution of short subjects after several years. Roach signed with MGM but Sennett found himself and Pathé in hard times because the hundreds of exhibitors who had previously rented their shorts had switched to the new MGM or Paramount products. Pathé or Pathé Frères is the name of various businesses founded and originally run by the Pathé Brothers of France. ... Harold Eugene Roach, Sr. ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Paramount Pictures logo used from 1988 to 1989. ... MGM logo Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer or MGM, is a large media company, involved primarily in the production and distribution of cinema and television programs. ... Pathé or Pathé Frères is the name of various businesses founded and originally run by the Pathé Brothers of France. ...


Experiments, awards, and bankruptcy

Sennett made a reasonably smooth transition to sound films, releasing them through Earle Hammons's Educational Pictures. Sennett occasionally experimented with color and was the first to get a talkie short subject on the market, in 1928. In 1932 he was nominated for the Academy Award for Live Action Short Film in the comedy division for producing The Loud Mouth (with Matt McHugh, in the sports-heckler role later taken in Columbia Pictures remakes by Charley Chase and Shemp Howard), and he won in the novelty division for his film Wrestling Swordfish. Educational Pictures (or Educational Film Exchanges, Inc. ... This name for the Academy Award for Live Action Short Film was introduced in 1974. ... The Columbia Pictures logo from 1993 to the present Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc. ... Charley Chase (October 20, 1893-June 20, 1940) was an American comedian, screenwriter and film director, best known for his work in Hal Roach short film comedies. ... Samuel Shemp Howard / (Horwitz) (March 17, 1895 – November 22, 1955) was part of the Three Stooges comedy team. ...


Sennett often clung to outmoded techniques, making his early-1930s films seem dated and quaint. This doomed his attempt to re-enter the feature-film market with Hypnotized (starring blackface comedians Moran and Mack, "The Two Black Crows"). However, Sennett enjoyed great success with short comedies starring Bing Crosby; these films were probably instrumental in Sennett's product being picked up by a major studio, Paramount Pictures. W. C. Fields conceived and starred in four famous Sennett-Paramount comedies. The Two Black Crows was a blackface comedy act popular in the 1920s and 30s. ... Harry Lillis Bing Crosby (May 3, 1903 – October 14, 1977) was an American singer and actor whose career lasted from 1926 until his death in 1977. ... Information in this article or section has not been verified against sources and may not be reliable. ... W. C. Fields (January 29, 1880 – December 25, 1946) was an American juggler, comedian, and actor. ...


Sennett's studio did not survive the Depression; the Sennett-Paramount partnership lasted only one year, and Sennett was forced into bankruptcy in November 1933. He went into semi-retirement two years later at the age of 55, having produced more than a thousand silent films and several dozen talkies during a 25-year career. His studio property was purchased by Mascot Pictures (later part of Republic Pictures), and many of his former staffers found work at Columbia Pictures. A sound film (or talkie) is a motion picture with synchronized sound, as opposed to a silent movie. ... The Mascot Pictures Corporation was a film company of the 1920s and 1930s best known for producing a series of film serials and B-westerns. ... Republic Pictures Corporation (aka Republic Entertainment) is an independent film, television, and video distribution company that was originally a movie production-distribution corporation with studio facilities, best known for its specialization in quality B pictures, westerns and movie serials. ... The Columbia Pictures logo from 1993 to the present Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc. ...


Sennett's later work included directing Buster Keaton in Timid Young Man (1935), and appearing in Hollywood Cavalcade (1939), itself a thinly disguised version of the Mack Sennett-Mabel Normand romance. In 1949 he provided film footage for, and appeared in, the first full-length comedy compilation, Down Memory Lane (1949). He was profiled in the television series This is Your Life in 1956, and made a cameo appearance (for $1000) in Abbott and Costello Meet the Keystone Kops (1955). He contributed to the radio program Biography in Sound, broadcast February 28, 1956. Buster Keaton (born Joseph Frank Keaton, October 4, 1895 – February 1, 1966) was an American silent film comic actor and filmmaker. ... Mabel Normand Mabel Normand (November 10, 1892 - February 23, 1930) was a US film actress, who was a popular comedienne in silent films. ... This Is Your Life was a television documentary series hosted by its producer, Ralph Edwards. ... Abbott and Costello Meet the Keystone Kops is a 1955 film starring the comedy team of Abbott and Costello. ...


Death

He died in Woodland Hills, California at the age of 80 and was interred in the Holy Cross Cemetery in Culver City, California. Woodland Hills is a community within the City of Los Angeles. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Holy Cross Cemetery is located at 5835 W. Slauson Avenue in Culver City, California. ... Motto: The Heart of Screenland Location of Culver City in California Coordinates: Country United States of America State California County Los Angeles Incorporated (city) 1917-09-07 [2] Government  - City Manager Jerry Fulwood [1] Area  - City  5. ...


Legacy

In March 1938 Mack Sennett was presented with an Academy Honorary Award, The Academy Honorary Award is given irregularly by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to celebrate motion picture achievements that are not covered by existing Academy Awards. ...

For his lasting contribution to the comedy technique of the screen, the basic principles of which are as important today as when they were first put into practice, the Academy presents a special award to that master of fun, discoverer of stars, sympathetic, kindly, understanding comedy genius, Mack Sennett.

For his contribution to the motion picture industry Sennett was given a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6712 Hollywood Blvd. Also in 2004, he was inducted into Canada's Walk of Fame. Look up humour in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A band plays on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. ...


Today his name is still highly recognizable (even to those who have no contact with his films) and the term "Keystone Cops" has become part of the language, describing incompetent buffoons with supposed authority. Some historians even credit Sennett's films with having been responsible for municipal police forces across North America altering their uniforms to include military style officers' caps since by the 1920s tall, English-style hats had become so indelibly associated with slapstick comedy. The Keystone Cops in a typical pose. ...


Henry Mancini's score for the 1963 film, The Pink Panther, the original entry in the series, contains a segment called "Shades of Sennett". It is played on a silent film era style "honky tonk" piano, and accompanies a climactic scene in which the incompetent police detective Inspector Clouseau is involved in a multi-vehicle chase with the antagonists. Henry Mancini (April 16, 1924 – June 14, 1994), was an Academy Award winning American composer, conductor and arranger. ... Year 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Pink Panther, directed by Blake Edwards and co-written by Edwards and Maurice Richlin, is a 1963 comedy film, starring David Niven, Peter Sellers, and Robert Wagner. ... Honky tonk was originally the name of a type of bar common throughout the southern United States, also Honkatonk or Honkey-tonk. ... Inspector Jacques Clouseau is a bumbling fictional French detective who was a character in the Blake Edwardss Pink Panther series. ...


In 1974, Michael Stewart and Jerry Herman wrote the musical Mack & Mabel, chronicling the romance between Sennett and Mabel Normand. A blonde haired, very skilled worker with a 70s look. ... Michael Stewart (1924 New York City- 1987), Jewish-American playwright and librettist. ... Jerry Herman Jerry Herman (born Gerald Herman on July 10, 1933 in New York City) is an American composer/lyricist of the Broadway musical theater. ... Mack & Mabel is a Broadway musical play. ...


See also

Motion pictures have been a part of the Canadians. ...

External link


  Results from FactBites:
 
NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Mack Sennett (2846 words)
Sennett's slapstick comedies were noted for their wild car chases and custard pie warfare.
Mack Sennett (1880-1960), American motion-picture producer and director, who made a significant contribution to silent films in the United States with the frenetic slapstick comedy that he introduced and perfected.
Sennett was the film industry's first real producer, a versatile entrepreneur who recognized and encouraged talent and who created a systematic approach to production that yielded a large quantity of films.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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