Aromanian (also known as Macedoromanian, Vlach or Wallachian; in Aromanian: Armâneashti or Vlăheşte) is a language in the eastern group of the Romance languages. It is considered to be either a Romaniandialect or a separate language.
The language is similar to Romanian, but it does exhibit some differences, especially in vocabulary. Aromanian is spoken by the Aromanian or Vlach minority in the Republic of Macedonia, but also in parts of Albania, Serbia, Bulgaria and Greece, as well as in Romania where there is minority of Aromanians which recently migrated from the Balkans.
Greek and Bulgarian influences are much stronger than in other East Romance languages, especially because Aromanian used Greek words to coin new words (neologisms), while Romanian based most of its neologisms on Italian and French.
Still the lexical composition remains mainly Romance. Just as in Romanian, the morphology is rather different from other descendants of Latin. For example, the article is appended to the end of the word, and both definite and indefinite articles can be declined. Nouns have common (or neuter) gender in addition to masculine and feminine genders. On the other hand, the sequence of tenses is absolutely absent.
The language is similar to Romanian and its greatest difference lies in the vocabulary.
Even before the incorporation of Aromanian-speaking territories into the Greek state, the language was subordinated to the national language, Greek, traditionally the Aromanians' language of education and religion.
The issue of Aromanian-language education is still a sensitive one, partly because of the painful memories of the bitter divisions the presence of the Romanian schools caused in the past.
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