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Encyclopedia > MacArthur Foundation

The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation is a major private grant-making foundation based in Chicago that has awarded more than US$3 billion since its inception in 1978. It is now one of the ten largest private philanthropies in the U.S. with an endowment of $5.5 billion. The foundation awards more than $200 million annually in grants and low-interest loans. A grant is money given to an individual or an organization that does not hold an obligation of repayment. ... A Foundation is a type of philanthropic organization set up by either individuals or institutions as a legal entity (either as a corporation or trust) with the purpose of distributing grants to support causes in line with the goals of the foundation. ... This article is about Illinois largest city. ... Philanthropy is the act of donating money, goods, time, or effort to support a charitable cause, usually over an extended period of time and in regard to a defined objective. ... For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). ... Endowment may refer to many things: Finance Financial endowment; relating to funds or property donated to institutions or individuals. ...


Its four major program areas are Global Security and Sustainability, Human and Community Development, General grant-making, and the MacArthur Fellows Program, also known as "genius grants." Topics of interest to the Foundation include international peace and security, conservation and sustainable development, population control, reproductive health, human rights, community development, affordable housing, and educational, juvenile justice, and mental health reform, public interest media, including public radio and independent documentary film. The Foundation also gives grants to arts and cultural institutions in the Chicago area. The MacArthur Fellows Program or MacArthur Fellowship (sometimes nicknamed the genius grant) is an award given by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation each year to typically 20 to 40 citizens or residents of the US, of any age and working in any field, who show exceptional merit... Peace on earth Peace is commonly understood to mean the Other definitions include freedom from disputes, silence, harmonious relations, or inner contentment and serenity, as the meaning of the word changes with context. ... Some conservation ecologists have been concerned about the Amazon rainforest. ... Sustainable Development is a collection of methods to create economic development which protects the environment, relieves poverty, and does not destroy natural capital in the short term at the expense of long term development. ... Population control is the practice of limiting population increase, usually by reducing the birth rate. ... Within the framework of WHOs definition of health[1] as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity, reproductive health addresses the reproductive processes, functions and system at all stages of life. ... Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ... Community Development, informally called community building, is a broad term applied to the practices and academic disciplines of civic leaders, activists, involved citizens and professionals to improve various aspects of local communities. ... Affordable housing is a dwelling where the total housing costs are affordable to those living in that housing unit. ... Juvenile courts or young offender courts are courts specifically created and given authority to try and pass judgments for crimes committed by persons who have not attained the age of majority. ... Mental health is a concept that refers to a human individuals emotional and psychological well-being. ... Reform can refer to: Reform (think tank) Reform, Alabama Reform Judaism Reform movement Reform of an individual, from conditions stemming from crime, drugs, or physical maladies. ... Public interest is a term used to denote political movements and organizations that are in the public interest—supporting general public and civic causes, in opposition of private and corporate ones (particularistic goals). ... Public broadcasting (also known as public service broadcasting or PSB) is the dominant form of broadcasting around the world, where radio, television, and potentially other electronic media outlets receive funding from the public. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


The MacArthur Fellows Program awards five-year, unrestricted fellowships, "to individuals across all ages and fields who show exceptional merit and promise of continued creative work." The amount of the award is currently $500,000, which is paid over five years, with no strings attached. The MacArthur Fellows Program or MacArthur Fellowship (sometimes nicknamed the genius grant) is an award given by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation each year to typically 20 to 40 citizens or residents of the US, of any age and working in any field, who show exceptional merit...


The Foundation's President is Jonathan F. Fanton, formerly President of the New School for Social Research. There are also overseas offices in Mexico, India, Nigeria, and Russia. New School University is an institute of higher learning in New York City. ...


The Foundation's founder, John D. MacArthur (1897-1978), founded and owned Bankers Life and Casualty and other businesses, as well as considerable property in Florida and New York. His wife Catherine T. MacArthur (1909-1981) held positions in many of these companies and served as a director of the Foundation. John Donald MacArthur (March 6, 1897 – January 6, 1978) was an American businessman and philanthropist who established the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, benefactor in the MacArthur Fellowships. ... Bankers Life and Casualty is primarily a health insurance company in the United States. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... NY redirects here. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Executive director is a title given to a person who is the head of an executive branch of an organization or company. ...


Over its history the Foundation has been in close collaboration with the Rockefeller Brothers Fund, the Carnegie Corporation and the Rockefeller Foundation; one case in point being the joint establishment in 2000 of The Partnership for Higher Education in Africa, to assist higher education institutions in 6 African countries. Another connection is that President Jonathan F. Fanton serves as an Advisory Trustee of the Rockefeller Brothers Fund. The Rockefeller Brothers Fund (RBF), (Philanthropy for an Interdependent World), is the principal philanthropic organisation created and run by members of the Rockefeller family. ... The Carnegie Corporation was founded by the will of Andrew Carnegie in 1911 to promote the advancement and diffusion of knowledge and understanding. ... The Rockefeller Foundation is a charitable organization based in New York City. ...

Contents

History

William T. Kirby, John MacArthur's attorney, along with Paul Doolen, MacArthur's CFO, suggested that the MacArthurs create a foundation to be endowed by their vast fortune. The legal document that created the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation was two pages long and written by Kirby in plain language. William T. Kirby (1911-1990), a founding member of the board of directors of the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, suggested that the MacArthur Foundation create the Fellows Program. ...


When John D. MacArthur died on January 6, 1978, he was worth in excess of $1 billion and was reportedly one of the three richest men in the United States. MacArthur left ninety-two percent of his estate to begin the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. The composition of the Foundation’s first Board of Directors, per John D. MacArthur’s will, also included Catherine T. MacArthur (his wife), J. Roderick MacArthur (a son from John D. MacArthur’s first marriage), two other officers of Bankers Life and Casualty, and Radio Commentator Paul Harvey. The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation is a private, independent grantmaking institution. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... J. Roderick MacArthur (1920-1984) was a U.S. businessman and philanthropist. ... John Donald MacArthur (March 6, 1897 – January 6, 1978) was an American businessman and philanthropist who established the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, benefactor in the MacArthur Fellowships. ... For the Stuckist artist, see Paul Harvey (artist). ...


Doolen was the first president of the foundation, serving from 1978 to 1980. Dr. John Corbally was the second president of the foundation, who served from 1980 until 1989. Adele Simmons was the third president of the foundation, serving from 1989 to 1999.


MacArthur Fellowship

William T. Kirby, a founding member of the board of directors and Chairman of the Board until his death, suggested that the MacArthur Foundation create the Fellows Program. He credited his doctor, Dr. George Burch of Tulane University, for bringing this idea to his attention.[1]. The philanthropist's son J. Roderick MacArthur was the chief implementer of the details of the Fellows Program, and its strongest supporter. William T. Kirby (1911-1990), a founding member of the board of directors of the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, suggested that the MacArthur Foundation create the Fellows Program. ... Tulane University is a private, nonsectarian, coeducational research university located in New Orleans, Louisiana. ... J. Roderick MacArthur (1920-1984) was a U.S. businessman and philanthropist. ...


The MacArthur Fellowship (sometimes nicknamed the "genius grant") is an award issued by the MacArthur Foundation each year, to typically 20 to 40 citizens or residents of the USA, of any age and working in any field, who "show exceptional merit and promise for continued and enhanced creative work." According to the Foundation website, "the fellowship is not a reward for past accomplishment, but rather an investment in a person's originality, insight, and potential." The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation is a private, independent grantmaking institution. ... // A nickname is a short, clever, cute, derogatory, or otherwise substitute name for a person or things real name (for example, Bob, Rob, Robby, Robbie, Robi, Bobby, Rab, Bert, Bertie, Butch, Bobbers, Bobert, Beto, Bobadito, and Robban (in Sweden), are all short for Robert). ...


The Foundation does not accept applications or grant interviews. The foundation relies on anonymous nominators, who submit recommendations to a small selection committee of about a dozen people. The committee then reviews every applicant and passes along their recommendations to the President and the board of directors. The entire process is anonymous and confidential. The first that a new MacArthur Fellow learns that he or she was even being considered is upon receiving a phone call telling him or her the good news.


See also

The Rockefeller Brothers Fund (RBF), (Philanthropy for an Interdependent World), is the principal philanthropic organisation created and run by members of the Rockefeller family. ... The Rockefeller Foundation is a charitable organization based in New York City. ... The Carnegie Corporation was founded by the will of Andrew Carnegie in 1911 to promote the advancement and diffusion of knowledge and understanding. ... // Denmark A.P. Møller og Hustru Chastine Mc-Kinney Møllers Fond til almene Formaal of Copenhagen ca DKK 9B (approx. ...

External links

  • MacArthur Foundation Website
  • MacArthur Fellows Program info page
  • MacArthur Fellows announcement
  • Pocantico Conference Center: Full list of 2005 Conferences Mentions collaborative effort in 2000 in The Partnership for Higher Education in Africa; and group executive annual meetings of 16 foundation presidents at Pocantico, including MacArthur.

  Results from FactBites:
 
MacArthur Foundation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (656 words)
The MacArthur Fellows Program awards five-year, unrestricted fellowships, "to individuals across all ages and fields who show exceptional merit and promise of continued creative work." The amount of the award is currently $500,000, which is paid over five years, with no strings attached.
MacArthur left ninety-two percent of his estate to begin the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.
Adele Simmons was the third president of the foundation, serving from 1989 to 1999.
General Douglas MacArthur (1880-1964) (1759 words)
In 1915 MacArthur was promoted to major and the following year became the Army's first public relations officer, performing so well that he is largely credited with selling the American people on the Selective Service Act of 1917, as the country moved ever closer to joining the war in Europe.
Although he antagonized many of the old guard, MacArthur made good on his mandate to drag the moribund Academy into the 20th century, enabling it to produce officers fit to lead the country in the type of modern war he had just experienced first hand.
MacArthur, despite the able assistance of top aide Dwight Eisenhower, would not have enough time or money to build a force capable of resisting the Japanese.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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