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Encyclopedia > Mac OS X
Mac OS X

Screenshot of Mac OS X v10.5 "Leopard"
Website Apple - Mac OS X
Company/
developer
Apple Inc.
OS family Unix[1][2], Unix-like
Source model Closed source (with open source components)
Latest stable release 10.5.4 / June 30, 2008
Supported platforms x86, x86-64, PowerPC (32-bit & 64-bit), ARMv6 (for iPhone OS)
Kernel type Based on the Mach, hybrid kernel
Default user interface Aqua (GUI)
License Proprietary EULA
Working state Current

Mac OS X (pronounced /mæk oʊ ɛs tɛn/)[3] is a line of graphical operating systems developed, marketed, and sold by Apple Inc, the latest of which is pre-loaded on all currently shipping Macintosh computers. Mac OS X is the successor to the original Mac OS, which had been Apple's primary operating system since 1984. Unlike its predecessors, Mac OS X is a Unix-based operating system[4] built on technology that had been developed at NeXT through the second half of the 1980s until Apple purchased the company in early 1997. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Mac OS X version 10. ... A website (alternatively, web site or Web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or more web servers, usually accessible via the Internet. ... The term software company could be applied to: a) a company that produces software, distributes software from a third party, or provides services such as custom software development. ... For other uses, see Software developer (disambiguation). ... Apple Inc. ... Filiation of Unix and Unix-like systems Unix (officially trademarked as UNIX®, sometimes also written as or ® with small caps) is a computer operating system originally developed in 1969 by a group of AT&T employees at Bell Labs including Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie and Douglas McIlroy. ... Diagram of the relationships between several Unix-like systems A Unix-like operating system is one that behaves in a manner similar to a Unix system, while not necessarily conforming to or being certified to any version of the Single UNIX Specification. ... The text below is generated by a template, which has been proposed for deletion. ... The logo of the Open Source Initiative For other uses, see open source. ... Mac OS X version 10. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... Intel Pentium 4 (Northwood version), one example out of a huge number of x86 implementations from Intel, AMD, and others. ... The AMD64 or x86-64 is a 64-bit processor architecture invented by AMD. It is a superset of the x86 architecture, which it natively supports. ... PowerPC is a RISC microprocessor architecture created by the 1991 Apple–IBM–Motorola alliance, known as AIM. Originally intended for personal computers, PowerPC CPUs have since become popular embedded and high-performance processors as well. ... The ARM architecture (previously, the Advanced RISC Machine, and prior to that Acorn RISC Machine) is a 32-bit RISC processor architecture developed by ARM Limited that is widely used in a number of embedded designs. ... A kernel connects the application software to the hardware of a computer. ... Mach is an operating system kernel developed at Carnegie Mellon University to support operating system research, primarily distributed and parallel computation. ... Graphical overview of a hybrid kernel Hybrid kernel is a kernel architecture based on combining aspects of microkernel and monolithic kernel architectures used in computer operating systems. ... The user interface is the part of a system exposed to users. ... The Aqua GUI in its original version in the Public Beta of Apples Mac OS X operating system. ... GUI redirects here. ... A software license is a legal agreement which may take the form of a proprietary or gratuitous license as well as a memorandum of contract between a producer and a user of computer software. ... Proprietary software is software with restrictions on copying and modifying as enforced by the proprietor. ... A software license is a type of proprietary or gratiuitious license as well as a memorandum of contract between a producer and a user of computer software — sometimes called an End User License Agreement (EULA) — that specifies the perimeters of the permission granted by the owner to the user. ... An operating system (OS) is a software that manages computer resources and provides programmers with an interface used to access those resources. ... Apple Inc. ... For other uses, see Macintosh (disambiguation) and Mac. ... This article relates to both the original Classic Mac OS as well as Mac OS X, Apples more recent operating system. ... Filiation of Unix and Unix-like systems Unix (officially trademarked as UNIX®, sometimes also written as or ® with small caps) is a computer operating system originally developed in 1969 by a group of AT&T employees at Bell Labs including Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie and Douglas McIlroy. ... For other meanings, see Next. ...


The first version released was Mac OS X Server 1.0 in 1999, and a desktop-oriented version, Mac OS X version 10.0 followed in March 2001. Since then, five more distinct "end-user" and "server" versions have been released, most recently Mac OS X v10.5 in October 2007. Releases of Mac OS X are named after big cats, for example Mac OS X v10.5 is usually referred to by Apple and users as "Leopard". Mac OS X Server 1. ... Mac OS X version 10. ... Mac OS X version 10. ... This article is about large cat species. ...


The server edition, Mac OS X Server, is architecturally very similar to its desktop counterpart but includes workgroup management and administration software tools that provide simplified access to common network services, including a mail transfer agent, a Samba server, an LDAP server, a domain name server, and others. It is included with Apple's Xserve server hardware, but is designed to run on most of Apple's computer models. In information technology, a server is an application or device that performs services for connected clients as part of a client-server architecture. ... Mac OS X Server is the server-oriented version of Apples operating system, Mac OS X. Mac OS X, in both desktop and server versions, is a Unix operating system based on technology that Apple acquired from NeXT Computer. ... The software architecture of a program or computing system is the structure or structures of the system, which comprise software components, the externally visible properties of those components, and the relationships between them. ... Network services are the foundation of a networked computing environment. ... A mail transfer agent or MTA (also called a mail transport agent, mail server, or a mail exchanger in the context of the Domain Name System) is a computer program or software agent that transfers electronic mail messages from one computer to another. ... Samba logo. ... Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) is a protocol for accessing on-line directory services. ... The Domain Name System (DNS) associates various sorts of information with domain names; most importantly, it serves as the phone book for the Internet by translating human-readable computer hostnames, e. ... A small Xserve cluster with an Xserve RAID. Xserve is the name of Apple Computers Macintosh 1U rackmount line of server computers. ...


Apple also produces specialized versions of OS X for use on three of its consumer devices, the Apple TV,[5] the iPhone and the iPod touch.[6] Apple TV is a digital media receiver designed, marketed and sold by Apple. ... For the Internet appliance line, see Linksys iPhone. ... The iPod touch is a portable media player and Wi-Fi mobile platform designed and marketed by Apple Inc. ...

History

Main article: History of Mac OS X

Mac OS X is based on the Mach kernel and is derived from the Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) implementation of Unix in Nextstep. Nextstep was the object-oriented operating system developed by Steve Jobs' company "NeXT" after he left Apple in 1985.[7] While Jobs was away from Apple, Apple tried to create a "next-generation" OS through the Taligent and Copland projects, with little success. Mac OS X is the newest of Apple Computers Mac OS line of operating systems. ... Mach is an operating system kernel developed at Carnegie Mellon University to support operating system research, primarily distributed and parallel computation. ... BSD redirects here. ... Filiation of Unix and Unix-like systems Unix (officially trademarked as UNIX®, sometimes also written as or ® with small caps) is a computer operating system originally developed in 1969 by a group of AT&T employees at Bell Labs including Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie and Douglas McIlroy. ... NEXTSTEP is the original object-oriented, multitasking operating system that NeXT Computer, Inc. ... An object-oriented operating system is an operating system which internally uses object-oriented methodologies. ... Steven Paul Jobs (February 24, 1955) is the co-founder, chairman, and CEO of Apple Inc. ... For other meanings, see Next. ... Taligent was the name of an object-oriented operating system and the company dedicated to producing it. ... Copland was a project at Apple Computer to create an updated version of the Macintosh operating system. ...


Eventually, NeXT's OS—then called OPENSTEP—was selected to be the basis for Apple's next OS, and Apple purchased NeXT outright.[8] Steve Jobs returned to Apple as interim CEO, and later became CEO again, shepherding the transformation of the programmer-friendly Openstep into a system that would be adopted by Apple's primary market of home users and creative professionals. The project was first known as Rhapsody and was later renamed to Mac OS X.[9] OPENSTEP on Windows NT. OpenStep is an object-oriented API specification for an object-oriented operating system that uses any modern operating system as its core, principally developed by NeXT with Sun Microsystems. ... Rhapsody was the code name given to Apple Computers next-generation operating system during the period of its development between Apples purchase of NeXT in late 1996 and the announcement of Mac OS X in 1998. ...


With each new version, Mac OS X evolved away from a focus on backward compatibility with the earlier versions of Mac OS, toward an emphasis on "digital lifestyle" applications such as the iLife suite, enhanced business applications (iWork), and integrated home entertainment (the Front Row media center). Each version also included modifications to the general interface, such as the brushed metal appearance added in version 10.2, the non-pinstriped titlebar appearance in version 10.4, and in 10.5 the removal of the previous brushed metal styles in favor of the "Unified" gradient window style. In technology, especially computing (irrespective of platform), a product is said to be backward compatible (or upward compatible) when it is able to take the place of an older product, by interoperating with other products that were designed for the older product. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... iWork is a suite of applications created by Apple Inc. ... This article is about the Macintosh computer application. ... Mac OS X v10. ...


Description

Box artwork for Mac OS X. Left to right: Cheetah/Puma (1), Jaguar (2), Panther (3), Tiger (4), and Leopard (5).
Box artwork for Mac OS X. Left to right: Cheetah/Puma (1), Jaguar (2), Panther (3), Tiger (4), and Leopard (5).

Mac OS X's core is a Unix operating system (OS) built on top of the XNU kernel, with standard Unix facilities available from the command line interface (Apple released this core as a free and open source operating system named Darwin). Over this core, Apple layered a number of components, including the Aqua interface and the Finder, to complete the GUI-based operating system which is Mac OS X. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 185 pixelsFull resolution (849 × 196 pixel, file size: 128 KB, MIME type: image/png)Mac OS X, from oldest to newest. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 185 pixelsFull resolution (849 × 196 pixel, file size: 128 KB, MIME type: image/png)Mac OS X, from oldest to newest. ... Mac OS X version 10. ... Mac OS X version 10. ... Mac OS X version 10. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Mac OS X version 10. ... Mac OS X version 10. ... Filiation of Unix and Unix-like systems Unix (officially trademarked as UNIX®, sometimes also written as or ® with small caps) is a computer operating system originally developed in 1969 by a group of AT&T employees at Bell Labs including Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie and Douglas McIlroy. ... XNU is the name of the kernel that Apple acquired and developed for use in the Mac OS X operating system and released as open source as part of the Darwin operating system. ... A kernel connects the application software to the hardware of a computer. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Free software is software that can be used, studied, and modified without restriction, and which can be copied and redistributed in modified or unmodified form either without restriction, or with minimal restrictions only to ensure that further recipients can also do these things. ... The logo of the Open Source Initiative For other uses, see open source. ... Darwin is a free and open source, Unix-like operating system first released by Apple Inc. ... The Aqua GUI in its original version in the Public Beta of Apples Mac OS X operating system. ... The Finder is the default application program used on the Mac OS and Mac OS X operating systems that is responsible for the overall user-management of files, disks, network volumes and the launching of other applications. ... GUI redirects here. ...


Mac OS X introduced a number of new capabilities to provide a more stable and reliable platform than its predecessor, Mac OS 9. For example, pre-emptive multitasking and memory protection improved the system's ability to run multiple applications simultaneously without them interrupting or corrupting each other.[10] Many aspects of Mac OS X's architecture are derived from Openstep, which was designed to be portable—to ease the transition from one platform to another. For example, Nextstep was ported from the original 68k-based NeXT workstations to x86 and other architectures before NeXT was purchased by Apple, and OpenStep was later ported to the PowerPC architecture as part of the Rhapsody project. Sherlock 2 for Mac OS 9 with the new metallic appearance Mac OS 9 is the final major release of Apples Classic Mac OS. Introduced on October 23, 1999, Apple positioned it as The Best Internet Operating System Ever, highlighting Sherlock 2s Internet search capabilities, integration with Apple... Pre-emptive multitasking is a form of multitasking. ... Memory protection is a system that prevents one process from corrupting the memory of another process running on the same computer at the same time. ... The Motorola 680x0/0x0/m68k/68k/68K family of CISC microprocessor CPU chips were 32-bit from the start, and were the primary competition for the Intel x86 family of chips in personal computers of the 1980s and early 1990s. ... x86 or 80x86 is the generic name of a microprocessor architecture first developed and manufactured by Intel. ... PowerPC is a RISC microprocessor architecture created by the 1991 Apple–IBM–Motorola alliance, known as AIM. Originally intended for personal computers, PowerPC CPUs have since become popular embedded and high-performance processors as well. ... Rhapsody was the code name given to Apple Computers next-generation operating system during the period of its development between Apples purchase of NeXT in late 1996 and the announcement of Mac OS X in 1998. ...


The most visible change was the Aqua theme. The use of soft edges, translucent colors, and pinstripes—similar to the hardware design of the first iMacs—brought more texture and color to the user interface compared to OS 9's "Platinum" appearance had offered. Many users of the older versions of the operating system decried the new look as lacking professional polish.[11] But, others found Aqua to be a bold and innovative step forward in a time when user interfaces were seen as "dull and boring".[12] Despite the controversy, the look was different, third-party developers started producing skins for customizable applications for Mac and other operating systems which mimicked the Aqua appearance. To some extent, Apple has used the successful transition to this new design as leverage, at various times threatening legal action against people who make or distribute software with an interface the company claims is derived from its copyrighted design.[13] The Aqua GUI in its original version in the Public Beta of Apples Mac OS X operating system. ... The original Bondi Blue iMac G3 was introduced in 1998. ... The Platinum theme in Mac OS 9 Charcoal was the new default interface font in the Platinum theme, replacing Chicago from System 7 In Mac OS terminology, Platinum was the user interface theme that Mac OS 8 and Mac OS 9 used. ... In computing, skins and themes are custom graphical appearances (GUIs) that can be applied to certain software and websites in order to suit the different tastes of different users. ... This article is about law in society. ... Not to be confused with copywriting. ...


Mac OS X includes its own software development tools, most prominently an integrated development environment called Xcode. Xcode provides interfaces to compilers that support several programming languages including C, C++, Objective-C, and Java. For the Apple Intel Transition, it was modified so that developers could build their applications as a universal binary, which provides compatibility with both the Intel-based and PowerPC-based Macintosh lines. “Software development” redirects here. ... An integrated development environment (IDE), also known as integrated design environment and integrated debugging environment, is a programming environment that has been packaged as an application program,that assists computer programmers in developing software. ... Xcode is Apple Computers IDE for developing applications and other software for Mac OS X. It is shipped free with Mac OS X. First introduced on October 24, 2003 along with the release of Mac OS X v10. ... This article is about the computing term. ... A programming language is an artificial language that can be used to control the behavior of a machine, particularly a computer. ... In computing, C is a general-purpose, block structured, procedural, imperative computer programming language developed in 1972 by Dennis Ritchie at the Bell Telephone Laboratories for use with the Unix operating system. ... C++ (pronounced ) is a general-purpose programming language. ... Objective-C, often referred to as ObjC or more seldomly as Objective C or Obj-C, is an object oriented programming language implemented as an extension to C. It is used primarily on Mac OS X and GNUstep, two environments based on the OpenStep standard, and is the primary language... Java language redirects here. ... The Apple Intel transition was the process of changing the CPU of Macintosh computers from PowerPC processors to Intel x86 processors. ... Universal Binary Logo A Universal binary is — in Apple Computers parlance — an application bundle that runs natively on both PowerPC- and x86 (Intel)-based Macintosh computers. ...


Compatibility

Software

The APIs that Mac OS X inherited from OpenStep are not backward compatible with earlier versions of Mac OS. These APIs are now referred to by Apple as Cocoa. This heritage is highly visible for Cocoa developers, since most Cocoa class names begin with the "NS" prefix, standing variously for Nextstep, NeXT/Sun. Apple's Rhapsody project would have required all new development to use these APIs, causing much outcry among existing Mac developers. All Mac software that did not receive a complete rewrite to the new framework would run in the equivalent of the Classic environment. To permit a smooth transition from Mac OS 9 to Mac OS X, the Carbon Application Programming Interface (API) was created. Applications written with Carbon can be executed natively on both systems. OPENSTEP on Windows NT. OpenStep is an object-oriented API specification for an object-oriented operating system that uses any modern operating system as its core, principally developed by NeXT with Sun Microsystems. ... A Cocoa application being developed using Xcode. ... Classic, or Classic Environment, is a hardware and software abstraction layer in Mac OS X that allows applications compatible with Mac OS 9 to run on the OS X operating system. ... Carbon is the codename of Apple Computers API for the Macintosh operating system, which permits a good degree of forward and backward compatibility between source code written to run on the classic Mac OS, and the newer Mac OS X. The APIs are published and accessed in the form... API redirects here. ...


Mac OS X used to support the Java Platform as a "preferred software package"—in practice this means that applications written in Java fit as neatly into the operating system as possible while still being cross-platform compatible, and that graphical user interfaces written in Swing look almost exactly like native Cocoa interfaces. Traditionally, Cocoa programs have been mostly written in Objective-C, with Java as an alternative. However, on July 11, 2005, Apple announced that "features added to Cocoa in Mac OS X versions later than 10.4 will not be added to the Cocoa-Java programming interface."[14] The Java platform is the name for a bundle of related programs, or platform, from Sun Microsystems which allow for developing and running programs written in the Java programming language. ... A cross-platform (or platform independent) programming language, software application or hardware device works on more than one system platform (e. ... Example Swing widgets in Java 5. ... Objective-C, often referred to as ObjC or more seldomly as Objective C or Obj-C, is an object oriented programming language implemented as an extension to C. It is used primarily on Mac OS X and GNUstep, two environments based on the OpenStep standard, and is the primary language... is the 192nd day of the year (193rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Since Mac OS X is based on UNIX, most software packages written for BSD or Linux can be recompiled to run on it. Projects such as Fink, MacPorts and pkgsrc provide pre-compiled or pre-formatted packages. Since version 10.3, Mac OS X has included X11.app, Apple's version of the X Window System graphical interface for Unix applications, as an optional component during installation.[15] Up to and including Mac OS X v10.4 (Tiger), Apple's implementation was based on the X11 Licensed XFree86 4.3 and X11R6.6. All bundled versions of X11 feature a window manager which is similar to the Mac OS X look-and-feel and has fairly good integration with Mac OS X, also using the native Quartz rendering system. Earlier versions of Mac OS X (in which X11 has not been bundled) can also run X11 applications using XDarwin. BSD redirects here; for other uses see BSD (disambiguation). ... This article is about operating systems that use the Linux kernel. ... In computing, the Fink project is an effort to port Unix programs to Mac OS X. Fink uses dpkg and APT (Debians package management system), as well as its own frontend program, fink (which is implemented as a set of Perl modules). ... MacPorts, formerly called DarwinPorts,[1] is an open source project to simplify installation of other open source software on the Mac OS X and Darwin operating systems. ... pkgsrc (package source) is a package management system for Unix-like operating systems. ... X11. ... “X11” redirects here. ... Mac OS X version 10. ... The MIT License, originated at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, is a license for the use of certain types of computer software. ... XFree86 is an implementation of the X Window System . ... In computing, the X Window System (commonly X11 or X) is a windowing system for bitmap displays. ... Quartz is the marketing name of the proprietary graphics layer that sits on top of the open source Darwin core of Mac OS X. Quartz is part of the Core Graphics framework. ... XDarwin is an X11 server which runs on Mac OS X and Darwin. ...


Hardware

For the early releases of Mac OS X, the standard hardware platform supported was the full line of Macintosh computers (laptop, desktop, or server) based on PowerPC G3, G4, and G5 processors. Later versions discontinued support for some older hardware; for example, Panther does not support "beige" G3s, and Tiger does not support systems that pre-date Apple's introduction of FireWire ports.[16] The latest version of Mac OS X, Leopard, has dropped support for all PowerPC G3 processors and for PowerPC G4 processors with clockspeeds below 867 MHz. With the introduction of the MacBook Air, which lacks any FireWire ports, Leopard does not require a FireWire port. However, tools such as XPostFacto and patches applied to the installation disc have been developed by third parties to enable installation of newer versions of Mac OS X on systems not officially supported by Apple, including some pre-G3 systems. Except for features requiring specific hardware (e.g. graphics acceleration, DVD writing), the operating system offers the same functionality on all supported hardware. PowerPC is a RISC microprocessor architecture created by the 1991 Apple–IBM–Motorola alliance, known as AIM. Originally intended for personal computers, PowerPC CPUs have since become popular embedded and high-performance processors as well. ... The 6-pin and 4-pin FireWire 400 Connectors The alternative ethernet-style cabling used by 1394c FireWire is Apple Inc. ... XPostFacto is an open-source utility that enables the installation of versions of Mac OS X on some Apple Macintosh systems that are not officially supported for them by Apple. ...


PowerPC versions of Mac OS X prior to Leopard retain compatibility with older Mac OS applications by providing an emulation environment called Classic, which allows users to run Mac OS 9 as a process within Mac OS X, so that most older applications run as they would under the older operating system. Classic is not supported on Intel-based Macs or in Mac OS X v10.5 "Leopard". Classic, or Classic Environment, is a hardware and software abstraction layer in Mac OS X that allows applications compatible with Mac OS 9 to run on the OS X operating system. ... Sherlock 2 for Mac OS 9 with the new metallic appearance Mac OS 9 is the final major release of Apples Classic Mac OS. Introduced on October 23, 1999, Apple positioned it as The Best Internet Operating System Ever, highlighting Sherlock 2s Internet search capabilities, integration with Apple...


A few early adopters experienced a surprise: Mac OS X was supported on Mac OS machines that came with a G3 or later processor from the factory—not machines with third-party processor cards. For example, a Power Mac 7300 whose CPU chip failed could be easily upgraded with a G3 processor on a "daughter card," which often cost nearly the same as an exact replacement of the original chip. The user could then go to the same store and buy the Mac OS X upgrade on CD-ROM. This is not guaranteed to work, however.


Apple Intel transition

In April 2002, eWeek reported a rumor that Apple had a version of Mac OS X code-named Marklar which ran on Intel x86 processors. The idea behind Marklar was to keep Mac OS X running on an alternative platform should Apple become dissatisfied with the progress of the PowerPC platform.[17] These rumors subsided until late in May 2005, when various media outlets, such as the Wall Street Journal[18] and CNET,[19] reported that Apple would unveil Marklar in the coming months. The Apple Intel transition was the process of changing the CPU of Macintosh computers from PowerPC processors to Intel x86 processors. ... Marklar has several meanings: The Marklars are a Fictional race in South Park Marklar was the rumored code-name for the skunkworks version of Apples Mac OS X operating system that ran on the x86 architecture Marklar is the name of a band from Alkmaar, the Netherlands Category: ... x86 or 80x86 is the generic name of a microprocessor architecture first developed and manufactured by Intel. ... The Wall Street Journal is an influential international daily newspaper published in New York City, New York with an average daily circulation of 1,800,607 (2002). ... CNET Networks, Inc. ...


On June 6, 2005, Steve Jobs confirmed these rumors when he announced in his keynote address at the annual Apple Worldwide Developers Conference that Apple would be making the transition from PowerPC to Intel processors over the following two years, and that Mac OS X would support both platforms during the transition. Jobs also confirmed rumors that Apple has had versions of Mac OS X running on Intel processors for most of its developmental life. The last time that Apple switched CPU families—from the Motorola 68K CPU to the IBM/Motorola PowerPC—Apple included a Motorola 68K emulator in the new OS that made almost all 68K software work automatically on the new hardware. Apple has supported the 68K emulator for 11 years, but stopped supporting it during the transition to Intel CPUs. Included in the new OS for the Intel-based Macs is Rosetta, a binary translation layer which enables software compiled for PowerPC Mac OS X to run on Intel Mac OS X machines. However, Apple dropped support for Classic mode on the new Intel Macs. Third party emulation software such as Mini vMac, Basilisk II and SheepShaver provides support for some early versions of Mac OS. A new version of Xcode and the underlying command-line compilers support building universal binaries that will run on either architecture.[20] is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... WWDC 2005, at Moscone Center The Worldwide Developers Conference, commonly abbreviated WWDC, is an annual trade show for Apple developers. ... Intel Corporation (NASDAQ: INTC, SEHK: 4335), founded in 1968 as Integrated Electronics Corporation, is an American multinational corporation that is best known for designing and manufacturing microprocessors and specialized integrated circuits. ... Motorola Inc. ... For other uses, see IBM (disambiguation) and Big Blue. ... For other software named Rosetta, see Rosetta (disambiguation). ... In computing, binary translation is the emulation of one instruction set by another through translation of code. ... vMac is a Macintosh Plus emulator for the Macintosh platform, Windows, BeOS, NeXT and other platforms. ... History Basilisk II is an open source software emulator which emulates the 680x0-based Apple Macintosh computer on a variety of operating systems, including BeOS, Linux, Windows NT and Mac OS X. The last version of Mac OS that can be run within Basilisk II is Mac OS 8. ... SheepShaver is an open source PowerPC Apple Macintosh emulator originally designed for BeOS and Linux. ... Universal Binary Logo A Universal binary is — in Apple Computers parlance — an application bundle that runs natively on both PowerPC- and x86 (Intel)-based Macintosh computers. ...


Software that is available only for PowerPC is supported with Rosetta, though applications may have to be rewritten to run properly on the newer OS X for Intel. Apple encourages developers to produce universal binaries with support for both PowerPC and x86.[21] There is a performance penalty when PowerPC binaries run on Intel Macs through Rosetta. Moreover, some PowerPC software, such as kernel extensions and System Preferences plugins, are not supported on Intel Macs. Some PowerPC applications would not run on Intel OS X at all. Further, in order to continue booting from a PowerPC drive, it had to be reformatted. Plugins for Safari need to be compiled for the same platform as Safari, so when Safari is running on Intel it requires plug-ins that have been compiled as Intel-only or universal binaries, so PowerPC-only plug-ins will not work.[22] While Intel Macs will be able to run PowerPC, x86, and universal binaries, PowerPC Macs will support only universal and PowerPC builds.


Support for the PowerPC platform remains in Mac OS X version 10.5. Such cross-platform capability already existed in Mac OS X's lineage, as said earlier; Openstep was ported to many architectures, including x86, and Darwin included support for both PowerPC and x86. Although Apple stated that Mac OS X would not run on Intel-based personal computers aside from its own, a hacked version of the OS compatible with conventional x86 hardware has been developed by the OSx86 community. OSx86 is a collaborative hacking project to run the Mac OS X computer operating system on non-Apple personal computers with x86 architecture processors. ...


Prominent features

Dashboard allows for miniature programs called "Widgets" to be superimposed over the desktop. When activated, the Dashboard "flies" into view.
  • Aqua GUI – A fluid graphical user interface with water-like elements.
    • Anti-aliasing of widgets, text, graphics and window elements.
    • ColorSync color matching built into the core drawing engine, for print and multimedia professionals.
    • Drop shadows around window and isolated text elements to provide a sense of depth.
    • A Dock holding file/folder shortcuts as well as minimized windows.
    • Full-color, scalable icons up to 512x512 pixels
    • Human interface guidelines followed by almost all applications, giving them consistent user interface and keyboard shortcuts.
    • New interface elements including sheets (document modal dialog boxes attached to specific windows) and drawers.
    • OpenGL composites windows onto the screen to allow hardware-accelerated drawing. This technology (introduced in version 10.2) is called Quartz Extreme.
    • Quartz's internal imaging model correlates well with the Portable Document Format (PDF) imaging model, making it easy to output PDF to multiple devices. PDF viewing is built in.
When a widget is added to the dashboard, it appears with a ripple effect.
When a widget is added to the dashboard, it appears with a ripple effect.
  • Automator – an application designed to create an automatic workflow for different tasks (introduced in version 10.4).
  • Dashboard – A full-screen group of small applications called desktop widgets that can be called up and dismissed in one keystroke (introduced in version 10.4).
  • Exposé – A feature which includes three functions to help accessibility between windows and desktop. Its functions are to instantly display all open windows as thumbnails for easy navigation to different tasks, display all open windows as thumbnails from the current application, and hide all windows to access the desktop (introduced in version 10.3).
  • Finder – A file browser allowing quick access to all areas of the computer (modified throughout subsequent releases). (The Finder found in Mac OS X Jaguar had been criticized by John Siracusa for violating the concept of spatial interface.)
    • Quick Look allows dynamic previews of files (including videos and multi-page documents) without opening their parent applications (introduced in 10.5).
    • Spotlight search technology allows rapid real-time searches of data files, mail messages, photos, and other information, based on item properties (meta data) and/or content (introduced in version 10.4).
  • FileVault – Optional encryption of the user's files with Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) (128-bit keys introduced in version 10.3, 256-bit keys on version 10.5).
  • Front Row – A media viewer interface accessed by the Apple Remote (introduced in 10.4).
  • Global application services – spell checker, special characters palette, color picker, font chooser and dictionary.
  • Integrated Sync Services – A system which allows applications to access a centralized extensible database for various elements of user data, including calendar and contact items. The operating system manages conflicting edits and data consistency (introduced in version 10.4).
  • Spaces – Desktop organization tool which can create and manage multiple virtual desktops and display them in an Exposé-like interface (introduced in 10.5).
  • Cover Flow – is a three-dimensional graphical user interface included with iTunes, the Finder, and other Apple Inc. products for visually skimming through files and digital media libraries via cover artwork (introduced in 10.5).
  • Time Machine – Automatic backup technology that allows users to view and restore previous versions of files and application data (introduced in 10.5).
  • Screen Sharing – Mac OS X v10.5 has inbuilt screen sharing property which is very useful in networking

Image File history File links Dashboardanim. ... Image File history File links Dashboardanim. ... Dashboard is an application for Apples Mac OS X v10. ... In digital signal processing, anti-aliasing is the technique of minimizing the distortion artifacts known as aliasing when representing a high-resolution signal at a lower resolution. ... A widget (or control) is an interface component that a computer user interacts with, such as a window or a text box. ... ColorSync is Apples color management API for the Mac OS and Mac OS X. // Apple developed the original 1. ... For other uses, see Print. ... Look up Multimedia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A red rectangle casting a drop shadow over a wood-like background. ... Human Interface Guidelines (HIG) is a software development document which offers application developers a set of recommendations. ... Example of dialog box from Microsoft Windows Dialog boxes are special windows which are used by computer programs or by the operating system to display information to the user, or to get a response if needed. ... OpenGL (Open Graphics Library) is a standard specification defining a cross-language cross-platform API for writing applications that produce 2D and 3D computer graphics. ... Quartz Compositor is the window server in Mac OS X. It is responsible for presenting and maintaining rasterized, rendered graphics from the rest of the Core Graphics framework and other renderers in the Quartz technologies family. ... Quartz is the marketing name of the proprietary graphics layer that sits on top of the open source Darwin core of Mac OS X. Quartz is part of the Core Graphics framework. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... Automator is an application developed by Apple for Mac OS X that implements point-and-click (or drag-and-drop) creation of workflows for automating repetitive tasks. ... Dashboard is an application for Apples Mac OS X v10. ... In computer software, a widget engine is host software system for physically inspired applets on the desktop (desktop widgets). ... Mac OS X 10. ... The Finder is the default application program used on the Mac OS and Mac OS X operating systems that is responsible for the overall user-management of files, disks, network volumes and the launching of other applications. ... The Finder is the default application program used on the Mac OS and Mac OS X operating systems that is responsible for the overall user-management of files, disks, network volumes and the launching of other applications. ... Quick Look is a new preview feature in Mac OS X v10. ... Spotlight is an as-you-type, system-wide desktop search feature found in Mac OS X v10. ... FileVault in the System Preferences under Security FileVault is a system that protects files on a Macintosh computer. ... In cryptography, the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES), also known as Rijndael, is a block cipher adopted as an encryption standard by the U.S. government. ... This article is about the Macintosh computer application. ... The Apple Remote is a remote control made for use with Apple products with infrared capabilities released after October 2005. ... Spaces is a virtual desktop feature developed by Apple to be included in Mac OS X v10. ... For software that creates a virtualized environment between the computer platform and its operating system, see Virtual machine. ... Cover Flow is a three-dimensional graphical user interface for visually rummaging through ones digital music libraries via cover artwork. ... This article is about process of creating 3D computer graphics. ... This article is about the iTunes application. ... Apple Inc. ... For other uses, see Time Machine. ... Screen Sharing is a VNC client by Apple Inc. ...

Versions

The character X is the number ten (a Roman numeral), so it is always pronounced as such (IPA: /tɛn/).[3] It is the next release following the numbering of previous Macintosh operating systems such as Mac OS 8 and Mac OS 9. The system of Roman numerals is a numeral system originating in ancient Rome, and was adapted from Etruscan numerals. ... Mac OS 8 is a series of versions of the Mac OS that supported a transition through major changes in the Macintosh hardware platform. ... Sherlock 2 for Mac OS 9 with the new metallic appearance Mac OS 9 is the final major release of Apples Classic Mac OS. Introduced on October 23, 1999, Apple positioned it as The Best Internet Operating System Ever, highlighting Sherlock 2s Internet search capabilities, integration with Apple...


Mac OS X versions are named after big cats. Prior to its release, version 10.0 was code named "Cheetah" internally at Apple, and version 10.1 was code named internally as "Puma". After the immense buzz surrounding version 10.2, codenamed "Jaguar", Apple's product marketing began openly using the code names to promote the operating system. 10.3 was marketed as "Panther", and 10.4 as "Tiger". "Leopard" is the name for the current release, version 10.5. The forthcoming version 10.6 is named "Snow Leopard". "Panther", "Tiger" and "Leopard" are registered as trademarks of Apple, but "Cheetah", "Puma" and "Jaguar" have never been registered. Apple has also registered "Lynx" and "Cougar" as trademarks.[23] This article is about large cat species. ... Mac OS X version 10. ... A code name or cryptonym is a word or name used clandestinely to refer to another name or word. ... This article is about the animal. ... Mac OS X version 10. ... Species P. concolor P. yagouaroundi Puma is a Felidae genus that contains the Cougar (also known as the Puma, among other names) and the Jaguarundi. ... Mac OS X version 10. ... For other uses, see Jaguar (disambiguation). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A melanistic leopard, or black panther The black panther is the common name for a black specimen (a melanistic variant) of any of several species of cats. ... Mac OS X version 10. ... For other uses, see Tiger (disambiguation). ... This article is about the big cat. ... Mac OS X version 10. ... Binomial name (Schreber, 1775) Range map Synonyms Uncia uncia The Snow Leopard (Uncia uncia), sometimes known as the ounce, is a large cat native to the mountain ranges of Central Asia from Afghanistan to Lake Baikal and eastern Tibet. ... “(TM)” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Lynx (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Cougar (disambiguation), Puma (disambiguation), or Panther. ...


Computer retailer Tiger Direct sued Apple for its use of the name "Tiger". On May 16, 2005 a US federal court in the Southern District of Florida ruled that Apple's use does not infringe on Tiger Direct's trademark.[24] TigerDirect (also known as TigerDirect. ... is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ...

Mac OS X Public Beta

Mac OS X Public Beta
Mac OS X Public Beta
Main article: Mac OS X Public Beta

Apple released a "preview" version of its new operating system to the public on September 13, 2000 in order to gain feedback from users. It cost $29.95 and came with a t-shirt. The "PB" as it was known marked the first public availability of the Aqua interface and Apple made many changes to the UI based on customer feedback. Mac OS X Public Beta expired and ceased to function in Spring 2001. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 495 KB, MIME type: image/png) This is a screenshot of copyrighted computer software, and the copyright for its contents is most likely held by the author(s) or the company that... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 495 KB, MIME type: image/png) This is a screenshot of copyrighted computer software, and the copyright for its contents is most likely held by the author(s) or the company that... Mac OS X Public Beta cover The Mac OS X Public Beta was an early, beta version of Apple Computers Mac OS X operating system released to the public on September 13, 2000 for the price of $29. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ...

Mac OS X v10.0 (Cheetah)

Mac OS X version 10.0 "Cheetah"
Main article: Mac OS X v10.0

On March 24, 2001, Apple released Mac OS X v10.0 (internally codenamed Cheetah).[25] The initial version was slow, not feature complete, and had very few applications available at the time of its launch, mostly from independent developers. While many critics suggested that the operating system was not ready for mainstream adoption, they recognized the importance of its initial launch as a base on which to improve. Simply releasing Mac OS X was received by the Macintosh community as a great accomplishment, for attempts to completely overhaul the Mac OS had been underway since 1996, and delayed by countless setbacks. Following some bug fixes, kernel panics became much less frequent. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 462 KB, MIME type: image/png)http://web. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 462 KB, MIME type: image/png)http://web. ... Mac OS X version 10. ... is the 83rd day of the year (84th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Linux kernel panic under QEMU. Mac OS X kernel panic alert. ...

Mac OS X v10.1 (Puma)

Mac OS X version 10.1 "Puma"
Mac OS X version 10.1 "Puma"
Main article: Mac OS X v10.1

Later that year on September 25, 2001, Mac OS X v10.1 (internally codenamed Puma) was released.[26] It had better performance and provided missing features, such as DVD playback. Apple released 10.1 as a free upgrade CD for 10.0 users, in addition to the US$129 boxed version for people running only Mac OS 9. It was discovered that the upgrade CDs were actually full install CDs that could be used with Mac OS 9 systems by removing a specific file; Apple later re-released the CDs in an actual stripped-down format that did not facilitate installation on such systems. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (800x640, 624 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (800x640, 624 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Mac OS X version 10. ... is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... This article relates to both the original Classic Mac OS as well as Mac OS X, Apples more recent operating system. ... This article relates to both the original Classic Mac OS as well as Mac OS X, Apples more recent operating system. ...


On January 7, 2002, Apple announced that Mac OS X was to be the default operating system for all Macintosh products by the end of that month.[27] is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ...

Mac OS X v10.2 (Jaguar)

Mac OS X version 10.2 "Jaguar"
Main article: Mac OS X v10.2

On August 23, 2002,[28] Apple followed up with Mac OS X version 10.2 "Jaguar", the first release to use its code name as part of the branding.[29] It brought great performance enhancements, a sleeker look, and many powerful enhancements (over 150, according to Apple [30]), including Quartz Extreme for compositing graphics directly on an ATI Radeon or Nvidia GeForce2 MX AGP-based video card with at least 16 MB of VRAM, a system-wide repository for contact information in the new Address Book, and an instant messaging client named iChat.[31] Download high resolution version (1024x768, 165 KB) This is a screenshot of a copyrighted website, video game graphic, computer program graphic, television broadcast, or film. ... Download high resolution version (1024x768, 165 KB) This is a screenshot of a copyrighted website, video game graphic, computer program graphic, television broadcast, or film. ... Mac OS X version 10. ... {| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 235th day of the year (236th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Quartz Compositor is the window server in Mac OS X. It is responsible for presenting and maintaining rasterized, rendered graphics from the rest of the Core Graphics framework and other renderers in the Quartz technologies family. ... ATI may stand for: ATI Technologies Inc. ... ATI Radeon is a brand of graphics processing units (GPU) that has been manufactured by ATI Technologies since 2000 and the successor to their Rage line. ... The American multinational Nvidia Corporation (NASDAQ: NVDA) (pronounced ) specializes in the manufacture of graphics-processor technologies for workstations, desktop computers, and handheld devices. ... The GeForce 2 was the second in the line of GeForce graphics cards by NVIDIA Corporation. ... This article is about the software application made by Apple. ... This article is about the Mac software. ...


The Happy Mac which had appeared during the Mac OS startup sequence for almost 18 years was replaced with a large grey Apple logo with the introduction of Mac OS X v10.2. The Happy Mac icon The original Happy Mac icon A Happy Mac is the normal bootup (startup) icon of an Apple Macintosh computer running older versions of the Mac OS operating system. ...

Mac OS X v10.3 (Panther)

Mac OS X version 10.3 "Panther"
Mac OS X version 10.3 "Panther"
Main article: Mac OS X v10.3

Mac OS X version 10.3 "Panther" was released on October 24, 2003. In addition to providing much improved performance, it also incorporated the most extensive update yet to the user interface. Panther included as many or more new features as Jaguar had the year before, including an updated Finder, incorporating a brushed-metal interface, Fast User Switching, Exposé (Window manager), FileVault, Safari, iChat AV (which added video-conferencing features to iChat), improved Portable Document Format (PDF) rendering and much greater Microsoft Windows interoperability.[32] But, support for some early G3 computers such as "beige" Power Macs and "WallStreet" PowerBooks was discontinued. Download high resolution version (1024x768, 464 KB)Screenshot of Mac OS X v10. ... Download high resolution version (1024x768, 464 KB)Screenshot of Mac OS X v10. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Fast user switching is a feature on some modern multi-user operating systems such as Windows XP, Windows Vista, Mac OS X, OpenSUSE (linux), Ubuntu (linux) and Fedora (linux)[1]. It allows users to switch between user accounts on a single PC without quitting applications and logging out. ... Mac OS X 10. ... FileVault in the System Preferences under Security FileVault is a system that protects files on a Macintosh computer. ... Safari is a web browser developed by Apple Inc. ... Categories: Wikipedia cleanup | Groupware | Telecommunications stubs ... “PDF” redirects here. ... Windows redirects here. ...

Mac OS X v10.4 (Tiger)

Mac OS X version 10.4 "Tiger"
Mac OS X version 10.4 "Tiger"
Main article: Mac OS X v10.4

Mac OS X version 10.4 "Tiger" was released on April 29, 2005. Apple stated that Tiger contained more than 200 new features.[33] As with Panther, certain older machines were no longer supported; Tiger requires a Mac with a built-in FireWire port.[16] Among the new features, Tiger introduced Spotlight, Dashboard, Smart Folders, updated Mail program with Smart Mailboxes, QuickTime 7, Safari 2, Automator, VoiceOver, Core Image and Core Video. The initial release of the Apple TV used a modified version of Tiger with a different graphical interface and fewer applications and services. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Mac OS X version 10. ... is the 119th day of the year (120th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The 6-pin and 4-pin FireWire 400 Connectors The alternative ethernet-style cabling used by 1394c FireWire is Apple Inc. ... Spotlight is an as-you-type, system-wide desktop search feature found in Mac OS X v10. ... Dashboard is an application for Apples Mac OS X v10. ... In computing, a virtual folder generally denotes an organizing principle for files that is not dependent on their physical location in a folder. ... QuickTime is a multimedia framework developed by Apple Inc. ... Safari is a web browser developed by Apple Inc. ... Automator is an application developed by Apple for Mac OS X that implements point-and-click (or drag-and-drop) creation of workflows for automating repetitive tasks. ... VoiceOver is a feature built into Apple Computers Mac OS X v10. ... Core Image is a pixel-accurate, non-destructive image processing and rendering framework for Mac OS X. As part of the QuartzCore framework, it extends the rendering capabilities of Quartz with its plugin-based architecture for applying filters and effects. ... Core Video is a new pipeline model for digital video in Mac OS X. Partitioning the processing into discrete steps makes it simpler for developers to access and manipulate individual frames without having to worry about translating between data types (QuickTime, OpenGL, and so on) or display synchronization issues. ... Apple TV is a digital media receiver designed, marketed and sold by Apple. ...


On January 10, 2006, Apple released the first Intel-based Macs along with the 10.4.4 update to Tiger. This operating system functioned identically on the PowerPC-based Macs and the new Intel-based machines, with the exception of the Intel release dropping support for the Classic environment. [34] Because the implementation of the OS is built separately for the two processors, in implementation the PowerPC version and Intel versions are two separate installers (one cannot use the PowerPC installer to install the OS onto an Intel-based Mac). is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Mac OS X v10.5 (Leopard)

Mac OS X version 10.5 "Leopard"
Mac OS X version 10.5 "Leopard"
Main article: Mac OS X v10.5

Mac OS X version 10.5 "Leopard" was released on October 26, 2007. It was called by Apple "the largest update of Mac OS X". It brought more than 300 new features.[35] Leopard supports both PowerPC- and Intel x86-based Macintosh computers, however support for the G3 processor was dropped. The single DVD works for all supported Macs (including 64-bit machines). New features include a new look, an updated Finder, Time Machine, Spaces, Boot Camp pre-installed,[36] full support for 64-bit applications (including graphical applications), new features in Mail and iChat, and a number of new security features. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Mac OS X version 10. ... This article is about the big cat. ... is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... PowerPC is a RISC microprocessor architecture created by the 1991 Apple–IBM–Motorola alliance, known as AIM. Originally intended for personal computers, PowerPC CPUs have since become popular embedded and high-performance processors as well. ... x86 or 80x86 is the generic name of a microprocessor architecture first developed and manufactured by Intel. ... For other uses, see Time Machine. ... Spaces is a virtual desktop feature developed by Apple to be included in Mac OS X v10. ... For other uses, see boot camp. ... In computing, a 64-bit component is one in which data are processed or stored in 64-bit units (words). ... Mail (aka Mail. ... This article is about the Mac software. ...


Leopard is an Open Brand UNIX 03 registered product on the Intel platform. It is also the first BSD-based OS to receive the UNIX 03 certification.[37][38] The Single UNIX Specification (SUS) is the collective name of a family of standards for computer operating systems to qualify for the name Unix. The SUS is developed and maintained by the Austin Group, based on earlier work by the IEEE and The Open Group. ... BSD redirects here. ...

Mac OS X v10.6 (Snow Leopard)

Main article: Mac OS X v10.6
Mac OS X version 10.6 "Snow Leopard"

Mac OS X "Snow Leopard" was announced on June 9, 2008 at WWDC. Rather than delivering new functionality, Snow Leopard will focus on stability and performance improvements. It is expected to be released "about a year" from the announcement.[39] It will feature Microsoft Exchange Server support, new 64-bit technology capable of supporting greater amounts of RAM, QuickTime X, advanced GPU performance with OpenCL, better use of multi-core processors through Grand Central, and SquirrelFish JavaScript interpreter, improving the quality of Safari by 53%.[40] The Developer Preview released at WWDC has a version number of 10.6, and removes support for the PowerPC architecture and requires an Intel CPU.[41] is the 160th day of the year (161st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... The Worldwide Developers Conference is an annual trade show for Apple developers. ... Microsoft Exchange Server is a messaging and collaborative software product developed by Microsoft. ... In computing, a 64-bit component is one in which data are processed or stored in 64-bit units (words). ... Look up RAM, Ram, ram in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Genera Corniger Holocentrus Myripristis Neoniphon Ostichthys Plectrypops Pristilepis Sargocentron The Holocentridae is a family of ray-finned fish also known as squirrel or soldierfish. ... JavaScript is a scripting language most often used for client-side web development. ... Safari is a web browser developed by Apple Computer, Inc. ... PowerPC is a RISC microprocessor architecture created by the 1991 Apple–IBM–Motorola alliance, known as AIM. Originally intended for personal computers, PowerPC CPUs have since become popular embedded and high-performance processors as well. ...


Languages

Mac OS X is available in the following languages:

This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Traditional Chinese (Traditional Chinese: 正體字/繁體字, Simplified Chinese: 正体字/繁体字) refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... For other uses, see American English (disambiguation). ... Canadian French is an umbrella term for the dialects or varieties of French found in Canada [1] and areas of French Canadian settlement in the United States. ... Portuguese (  or língua portuguesa) is a Romance language that originated in what is now Galicia (Spain) and northern Portugal from the Latin spoken by romanized Celtiberians about 1000 years ago. ... Portuguese (  or língua portuguesa) is a Romance language that originated in what is now Galicia (Spain) and northern Portugal from the Latin spoken by romanized Celtiberians about 1000 years ago. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ...

Catalan localization

Mac OS X does not include a Catalan localization. A Catalonian Mac user group has campaigned for Apple to include one.[42]


Criticisms

The Finder

Main article: Finder (software)#Criticism

The Finder is the default application program used on the Mac OS and Mac OS X operating systems that is responsible for the overall user-management of files, disks, network volumes and the launching of other applications. ...

The Dock

Main article: Dock (Mac OS X)#Criticism

Permissions

In 2003, MacWorld's Ted Landau called misconfigured permissions "the most common frustration" in Mac OS X.[43] This can happen after installing a program. In 2005, MacWorld's Rob Griffiths suggested that users may even have to reset permissions for files and folders every day, depending on the amount of application installations and modifications take place. The result of misconfigured permissions is often being unable to change preferences in a program or open a document. Disk Utility can be used to repair permissions, a process which can take up to 15 minutes. [44] Disk Utility application icon Repairing disk permissions is a troubleshooting activity commonly associated with Apple Computers Mac OS X operating system. ...


More recently, MacWorld's Dan Frakes called the procedure of repairing permissions vastly overused. [45] He argues that Mac OS X typically handles permissions properly without user interference, and resetting permissions should be tried only when problems emerge. [46]


Usability Issues

Mac OS X introduced significant changes to the user interface from that of its predecessor, Mac OS 9, and some users (including Bruce Tognazzini, founder of the original Apple Human Interface Group) claimed that Mac OS X v10.0 represented a step backwards in usability.[47][48] Sherlock 2 for Mac OS 9 with the new metallic appearance Mac OS 9 is the final major release of Apples Classic Mac OS. Introduced on October 23, 1999, Apple positioned it as The Best Internet Operating System Ever, highlighting Sherlock 2s Internet search capabilities, integration with Apple... Bruce Tognazzini is a usability consultant in partnership with Donald Norman and Jakob Nielsen in the Nielsen Norman Group, which specializes in human computer interaction. ... Mac OS X version 10. ...


See also

Mac OS X is the culmination of Apple Computers search for an operating system to replace the original Mac OS that lasted over a decade. ... There are a number of Unix-like operating systems based on or descended from the Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) series of Unix variants. ... These tables compare general and technical information for a number of widely used and currently available operating systems. ... This is a list of the various technologies in Mac OS X. 0-9 A Activity Monitor Address Book Apple Filing Protocol (AFP) Apple Keychain Aqua Automator B BootX BOMArchiveHelper Bonjour (formerly Rendezvous) Bundle C Carbon Classic Cocoa Conflict Resolver Core Audio Core Data Core Foundation Core Image CoreServices Crash... // This list of Macintosh software reveals prominent Mac OS computer programs. ...

References

  1. ^ The Open Brand - Register of Certified Products
  2. ^ Apple page on UNIX
  3. ^ a b What is an operating system (OS)? (2004-07-15). Retrieved on 2006-12-20.
  4. ^ http://images.apple.com/macosx/pdf/MacOSX_UNIX_TB_v2.pdf
  5. ^ From PC to TV — via Apple. All Things Digital (2007-03-21). Retrieved on 2008-05-18.
  6. ^ Macworld Expo: Optimised OS X sits on 'versatile' flash. Retrieved on 2007-01-13.
  7. ^ Singh, Amit. Architecture of Mac OS X. What is Mac OS X?. Retrieved on 2006-04-07.
  8. ^ Markoff, John. "Why Apple Sees Next as a Match Made in Heaven", The New York Times, 23 December 1996, p. D1. 
  9. ^ Anguish, Scott (1998-07-09). Apple Renames Rhapsody, now Mac OS X Server. Retrieved on 2006-12-20.
  10. ^ Raymond, Eric Steven. The Elements of Operating-System Style.
  11. ^ Nick dePlume. "Aqua: A Collection of Reader Feedback", Think Secret, 18 January 2000. Retrieved on 2008-05-15. Archived from the original on 2006-11-11. 
  12. ^ Think Secret - January 2000. Think Secret (January 18, 2000). Archived from the original on 2006-11-11. Retrieved on 2006-12-20.
  13. ^ Apple lowers boom on Aqua 'skins'. ZDNet (mirrored from web.archive.org) (February 2, 2001). Retrieved on 2006-05-22.
  14. ^ Apple Computer. Introduction to Cocoa-Java Integration Guide. ADC Reference Library. Apple Developer Connection. Retrieved on 2006-04-08.
  15. ^ X11 for Mac OS X 1.0 (2003-10-28). Retrieved on 2006-12-20.
  16. ^ a b Mac OS X: System Requirements (2005-04-28). Retrieved on 2006-12-20.
  17. ^ Matthew Rothenberg and Nick dePlume (August 30, 2002). Apple Keeps x86 Torch Lit with 'Marklar'. eWeek.com. Retrieved on 2005-10-03.
  18. ^ Don Clark and Nick Wingfield (May 23, 2005). Apple Explores Use Of Chips From Intel For Macintosh Line. Wall Street Journal.
  19. ^ Michael Kanellos (May 23, 2005). Apple to Intel: Some advantage, lots of risk. CNet. Retrieved on 2006-04-28.
  20. ^ Apple Computer. "Apple to Use Intel Microprocessors Beginning in 2006", 6 June 2005. Retrieved on 2006-04-08. 
  21. ^ Adopting Universal Binaries (2006-01-31). Retrieved on 2006-12-20.
  22. ^ Ted Landau. "OS X First Aid", Macworld, May 2006. 
  23. ^ Trademark #78257226 for Panther, #78269988 for Tiger, #78270003 for Leopard, #78271630 for Cougar and #78271639 for Lynx, all registered in 2004 by Apple Computer, Inc. United States Patent and Trademark Office. Retrieved on 2006-12-20.
  24. ^ Jade, Kasper. Court sides with Apple over "Tiger" trademark dispute. AppleInsider. Retrieved on 2006-04-25.
  25. ^ Although the version is now called Cheetah by users, rare evidences can be found to prove that it was called so internally. For instance, a Q&A was created in 2005 which mentions it Technical Q&A (2005-10-04). Retrieved on 2006-12-20.
  26. ^ The name Puma can be found here Cross-Development (2006-11-07). Retrieved on 2006-12-20.
  27. ^ Apple Makes Mac OS X the Default Operating System on All Macs. Apple Website. Apple Computer (2002). Retrieved on 2006-12-03.
  28. ^ Jaguar “Unleashed” at 10:20 p.m. Tonight Apple Press Release
  29. ^ The headline of the press release mention "Jaguar", while the codename was not mentioned for earlier versions. See Jaguar press release, compared to Mac OS X v10.0 press release and Mac OS X v10.1 press release
  30. ^ Wayback Machine's Cache of the OS X 10.2 Product Information Page (2002-08-29). Retrieved on 2008-06-12.
  31. ^ Apple Previews “Jaguar,” the Next Major Release of Mac OS X (2002-05-06). Retrieved on 2006-12-20.
  32. ^ Apple Announces Mac OS X “Panther” (2003-10-24). Retrieved on 2007-01-11.
  33. ^ Apple Unleashes “Tiger” Friday at 6:00 p.m. (2005-04-28). Retrieved on 2007-01-11.
  34. ^ AppleInsider | Apple unveils Intel iMacs
  35. ^ Apple - Mac OS X Leopard - Features - 300+ New Features. Apple Website. Apple Computer (2008). Retrieved on 2008-06-13.
  36. ^ Apple - BootCamp. Apple Website. Apple Computer (2006). Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  37. ^ Mac OS X Leopard - Technology - UNIX. Leopard Technology Overview. Apple Inc.. Retrieved on 2007-10-26. “Leopard is now an Open Brand UNIX 03 Registered Product, conforming to the SUSv3 and POSIX 1003.1 specifications for the C API, Shell Utilities, and Threads.”
  38. ^ The Open Group. Mac OS X Version 10.5 Leopard on Intel-based Macintosh computers certification. Retrieved on 2007-06-12.
  39. ^ http://www.apple.com/pr/library/2008/06/09snowleopard.html
  40. ^ OS X Snow Leopard Hot News. Apple.com (2008-06-09). Retrieved on 2008-06-10.
  41. ^ Mac OS X Snow Leopard Drops PowerPC Support (2008-06-12). Retrieved on 2008-06-11.
  42. ^ Catalonians demand Catalan support in Mac OS X, Macworld UK, 24 January 2007
  43. ^ Landau, Ted (February 2003). Exterminate OS X Troubles. Macworld.
  44. ^ Griffiths, Rob (February 2005). Prevent Mac Disasters. Macworld.
  45. ^ Frakes, Dan (August 2006). Repairing permissions: what you need to know. Macworld.
  46. ^ Frakes, Dan (June 2008). Five Mac maintenance myths. Macworld.
  47. ^ Bruce Tognazzini, OS X: A First Look
  48. ^ Matthew Paul Thomas, My first 48 hours enduring Mac OS X

Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 196th day of the year (197th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 80th day of the year (81st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 138th day of the year (139th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... is the 357th day of the year (358th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Nicholas Ciarelli a. ... ThinkSecret. ... is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 142nd day of the year (143rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Apple Developer Connection is Apple Computers developer network. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 98th day of the year (99th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 98th day of the year (99th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... MacWorld magazine (April 2004) Macworld is a monthly computer magazine dedicated to Macintosh products. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the community of Macintosh rumor sites. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 337th day of the year (338th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 241st day of the year (242nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 126th day of the year (127th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 164th day of the year (165th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Apple Inc. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 160th day of the year (161st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

For other uses, see Macintosh (disambiguation) and Mac. ... An operating system (OS) is a software that manages computer resources and provides programmers with an interface used to access those resources. ... This article relates to both the original Classic Mac OS as well as Mac OS X, Apples more recent operating system. ... This article is about the Macintosh operating system version. ... For other uses, see System 7 (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see System 7 (disambiguation). ... Mac OS 8 is a series of versions of the Mac OS that supported a transition through major changes in the Macintosh hardware platform. ... Sherlock 2 for Mac OS 9 with the new metallic appearance Mac OS 9 is the final major release of Apples Classic Mac OS. Introduced on October 23, 1999, Apple positioned it as The Best Internet Operating System Ever, highlighting Sherlock 2s Internet search capabilities, integration with Apple... Mac OS X is the newest of Apple Computers Mac OS line of operating systems. ... Mac OS X Public Beta cover The Mac OS X Public Beta was an early, beta version of Apple Computers Mac OS X operating system released to the public on September 13, 2000 for the price of $29. ... Mac OS X version 10. ... Mac OS X version 10. ... Mac OS X version 10. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Mac OS X version 10. ... Mac OS X version 10. ... Mac OS X Server is the server-oriented version of Apples operating system, Mac OS X. Mac OS X, in both desktop and server versions, is a Unix operating system based on technology that Apple acquired from NeXT Computer. ... Rhapsody was the code name given to Apple Computers next-generation operating system during the period of its development between Apples purchase of NeXT in late 1996 and the announcement of Mac OS X in 1998. ... Mac OS X Server 1. ... Mac OS X Server is the server-oriented version of Apples operating system, Mac OS X. Mac OS X, in both desktop and server versions, is a Unix operating system based on technology that Apple acquired from NeXT Computer. ... A/UX (from Apple Unix) was Apple Computers implementation of the Unix operating system for some of their Macintosh computers. ... Taligent was the name of an object-oriented operating system and the company dedicated to producing it. ... Copland was a project at Apple Computer to create an updated version of the Macintosh operating system. ... MkLinux is an Open Source Software project, initiated by OSF Research Institute and Apple Computer, in order to port Linux to the PowerPC platform. ... Darwin is a free and open source, Unix-like operating system first released by Apple Inc. ... Automator is an application developed by Apple for Mac OS X that implements point-and-click (or drag-and-drop) creation of workflows for automating repetitive tasks. ... Chess is a chess game for Mac OS X, featuring a high quality graphical display and support for chess variants such as crazyhouse and suicide chess. ... Dashboard is an application for Apples Mac OS X v10. ... The Dictionary application, developed by Apple for its Macintosh computers, was introduced with Mac OS X v10. ... This page relates to Apple software. ... The Finder is the default application program used on the Mac OS and Mac OS X operating systems that is responsible for the overall user-management of files, disks, network volumes and the launching of other applications. ... Grapher is a software program bundled with Mac OS X v10. ... For the Tcl calendar package, see Ical (Unix). ... This article is about the Mac software. ... iSync 1. ... This article is about the iTunes application. ... Mail (aka Mail. ... Photo Booth is a small software application for taking photos with an iSight camera by Apple Inc. ... Preview is Mac OS Xs application for displaying images and Portable Document Format (PDF) documents. ... QuickTime is a multimedia framework developed by Apple Inc. ... Safari is a web browser developed by Apple Inc. ... Stickies is a Macintosh application for putting Post-it note-like windows on the screen, with short reminders, notes and other clippings. ... A screenshot of Apples TextEdit. ... Activity Monitor is the name of a utility for performing different tasks to a computer process in the Mac OS X operating system. ... The AirPort Utility (formerly AirPort Admin Utility until the release of Mac OS X 10. ... Archive Utility (BOMArchiveHelper until Mac OS X 10. ... The Audio MIDI Setup utility is a program that comes with the Mac OS X operating system for adjusting the computers audio input and output configuration settings and managing MIDI devices. ... Bluetooth File Exchange is an aptly-named utility that comes with the Mac OS X operating system, used to exchange files to or from a Bluetooth-enabled device. ... ColorSync Utility is an interface for Apples ColorSync specification on the Mac OS X operating system. ... DigitalColor Meter is a utility for measuring and displaying the colour values of pixels displayed on the screen of a Macintosh computer. ... Directory Access is a Mac OS X utility for connecting to network services. ... DiskImageMounter is the utility that handles mounting disk images in Mac OS X, starting with version 10. ... Disk Utility is the name of a utility created by Apple for performing disk-related tasks in Mac OS X. These tasks include: the creation of disk images; mounting, unmounting, and ejecting disks (including both hard disks, removable media and disk images); enabling or disabling journaling; verifying a disks... Apples Font Book includes fonts, and dividing them into groups. ... Grab is an application by Apple Computer used to make screenshots of the users computer. ... Image Capture, first introduced in Mac OS X version 10. ... Installer is an application included in Mac OS X which extracts and installs files out of . ... Keychain Access in Mac OS X serves to allow the user to configure keychain passwords - unlocking, locking and displaying passwords saved by the system which are dynamically linked to ones login password. ... Network Utility is a an application included with Mac OS X that provides a variety of computer network information. ... ODBC Administrator is a utility in the Mac OS X operating system for administering ODBC. Category: ... Screen Sharing is a VNC client by Apple Inc. ... System Preferences is the application used by Mac OS X to set user preferences. ... System Profiler is a software utility that has been bundled with Mac OS since Mac OS 7. ... Terminal is an application included with Apples Mac OS X operating system. ... Universal access to education is the ability of all people to have equal opportunity in education, regardless of their background or physical disabilities. ... VoiceOver is a feature built into Apple Computers Mac OS X v10. ... X11. ... The Command key The Command key, known as the open-Apple key in documentation previous to the Apple Macintosh family of computers, is a modifier key present on Apple Keyboards. ... The Option key The Option key, known to PC users as AltGr or Alt key, is a modifier key present on Apple Keyboards. ... The Apple menu in Mac OS X Tiger. ... AppleScript is a scripting language devised by Apple, Inc. ... The Aqua GUI in its original version in the Public Beta of Apples Mac OS X operating system. ... AU Lab, a developer application included on Mac OS Xs installer CD Audio Units (AU) are a system-level plug-in architecture provided by Core Audio, a set of application programming interface services provided by Apple Computers Mac OS X operating system. ... Bonjour, formerly Rendezvous, is Apple Inc. ... For other uses, see boot camp. ... Carbon is the codename of Apple Computers API for the Macintosh operating system, which permits a good degree of forward and backward compatibility between source code written to run on the classic Mac OS, and the newer Mac OS X. The APIs are published and accessed in the form... A Cocoa application being developed using Xcode. ... ColorSync is Apples color management API for the Mac OS and Mac OS X. // Apple developed the original 1. ... Core Animation is a data visualization API used by Mac OS X 10. ... Apples Core Audio interfaces Core Audio is a fairly low-level API for dealing with sound in Apples Mac OS X operating system. ... Core Data is part of the Cocoa API in Mac OS X, first introduced in Mac OS X 10. ... Core Foundation (also called CF) is a Mac OS X framework and API. CF provides: Primitive types for data (raw bytes, Unicode strings, numbers, calendar dates, UUIDs) and collections (arrays, sets, dictionaries) Application preferences management (CFPropertyList, Preferences Utilities) XML parsing Bundle handling File system I/O (CFReadStream, CFWriteStream, CFURL) Network... Core Image is a pixel-accurate, non-destructive image processing and rendering framework for Mac OS X. As part of the QuartzCore framework, it extends the rendering capabilities of Quartz with its plugin-based architecture for applying filters and effects. ... Core OpenGL, or CGL, is Apple Computers Macintosh Quartz windowing system interface to the Mac OS X implementation of the OpenGL specification. ... Core Text is part of the Cocoa API in Mac OS X, first introduced in Mac OS X 10. ... Core Video is a new pipeline model for digital video in Mac OS X. Partitioning the processing into discrete steps makes it simpler for developers to access and manipulate individual frames without having to worry about translating between data types (QuickTime, OpenGL, and so on) or display synchronization issues. ... The Common Unix Printing System (CUPS) is a modular computer printing system for Unix-like operating systems that allows a computer to act as a powerful print server. ... Darwin is a free and open source, Unix-like operating system first released by Apple Inc. ... Mac OS X 10. ... FileVault in the System Preferences under Security FileVault is a system that protects files on a Macintosh computer. ... The Apple Icon Image format is the icon format used in Apple Computers Mac OS X. It supports icons of 16×16, 32×32, 48×48 and 128×128 pixel icons, with both 1- and 8-bit alpha channels and multiple image states (example: open and closed folders). ... Inkwell, later renamed Ink, but still mostly referred to as Inkwell by Apple is the name of the handwriting recognition technology built into Apple Computers Mac OS X. It was introduced in version 10. ... The I/O Kit is an open-source framework in the XNU kernel that helps developers code device drivers for Darwin-enabled operating systems (one popularly known as Apples Mac OS X.) The I/O Kit framework was originally introduced at the release of Mac OS X along with... Linux kernel panic under QEMU. Mac OS X kernel panic alert. ... Keychain is Apple Computers password management system in Mac OS X and Mac OS 9. ... Mach-O, short for Mach object file format, is a file format for executables and object code. ... A Menu extra, menu item or status item in Mac OS X is a small icon or sometimes a word that appears at the right of the menu bar. ... Preference Pane icon A Preference Pane (often abbreviated as prefpane) is a special dynamically loaded plugin in Mac OS X. Introduced in Mac OS 10. ... In the Mac OS X Cocoa, NeXTSTEP, and GNUstep programming frameworks, property list files are files that store serialized objects. ... Quartz is the marketing name of the proprietary graphics layer that sits on top of the open source Darwin core of Mac OS X. Quartz is part of the Core Graphics framework. ... QuickTime is a multimedia framework developed by Apple Inc. ... Quick Look is a new preview feature in Mac OS X v10. ... In computing, a virtual folder generally denotes an organizing principle for files that is not dependent on their physical location in a folder. ... Spaces is a virtual desktop feature developed by Apple to be included in Mac OS X v10. ... The Speakable Items window, executing the Tell Me a Joke command. ... Spotlight is an as-you-type, system-wide desktop search feature found in Mac OS X v10. ... This page is about the Mac OS X software feature. ... For other uses, see Time Machine. ... A Uniform Type Identifier (UTI) is a string that uniquely identifies the type of a class of items. ... Universal Binary Logo A Universal binary is — in Apple Computers parlance — an application bundle that runs natively on both PowerPC- and x86 (Intel)-based Macintosh computers. ... WebKit is an application framework included with Mac OS X v10. ... In computers, Xgrid is software (Apple Computer, Inc. ... XNU is the name of the kernel that Apple acquired and developed for use in the Mac OS X operating system and released as open source as part of the Darwin operating system. ... For other uses, see ZFS (disambiguation). ... In computing, an operating system (OS) is the system software responsible for the direct control and management of hardware and basic system operations. ... Apple Inc. ... A/ROSE (the Apple Real-time Operating System Environment) was a small embedded operating system which ran on Apple Computers Macintosh Coprocessor Platform, an expansion card for the Apple Macintosh. ... A/UX (from Apple Unix) was Apple Computers implementation of the Unix operating system for some of their Macintosh computers. ... Beneath Apple DOS was a popular guide to Apple DOS. Apple DOS refers to operating systems for the Apple II series of microcomputers from 1978 through early 1983. ... SOS , which stands for the Sophisticated Operating System, was the computer operating system released in 1980 that was used by the ill-fated Apple III computer. ... Copland was a project at Apple Computer to create an updated version of the Macintosh operating system. ... Darwin is a free and open source, Unix-like operating system first released by Apple Inc. ... The Apple Lisa was a revolutionary personal computer designed at Apple Computer during the early 1980s. ... This article relates to both the original Classic Mac OS as well as Mac OS X, Apples more recent operating system. ... Mac OS X Server is the server-oriented version of Apples operating system, Mac OS X. Mac OS X, in both desktop and server versions, is a Unix operating system based on technology that Apple acquired from NeXT Computer. ... MkLinux is an Open Source Software project, initiated by OSF Research Institute and Apple Computer, in order to port Linux to the PowerPC platform. ... Rhapsody was the code name given to Apple Computers next-generation operating system during the period of its development between Apples purchase of NeXT in late 1996 and the announcement of Mac OS X in 1998. ... Taligent was the name of an object-oriented operating system and the company dedicated to producing it. ... Apple Inc. ... // This list of Macintosh software reveals prominent Mac OS computer programs. ... An operating system (OS) is a software that manages computer resources and provides programmers with an interface used to access those resources. ... This article relates to both the original Classic Mac OS as well as Mac OS X, Apples more recent operating system. ... This article is about the Macintosh operating system version. ... For other uses, see System 7 (disambiguation). ... Mac OS 8 is a series of versions of the Mac OS that supported a transition through major changes in the Macintosh hardware platform. ... Sherlock 2 for Mac OS 9 with the new metallic appearance Mac OS 9 is the final major release of Apples Classic Mac OS. Introduced on October 23, 1999, Apple positioned it as The Best Internet Operating System Ever, highlighting Sherlock 2s Internet search capabilities, integration with Apple... Mac OS X Public Beta cover The Mac OS X Public Beta was an early, beta version of Apple Computers Mac OS X operating system released to the public on September 13, 2000 for the price of $29. ... Mac OS X version 10. ... Mac OS X version 10. ... Mac OS X version 10. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Mac OS X version 10. ... Mac OS X version 10. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... iMovie is a video editing software application which allows users to edit their own home movies. ... iDVD is a DVD creation software application made by Apple Computer for Mac OS X. iDVD allows the user to add QuickTime Movies, MP3 music, and digital photos to a DVD that can then be played on a commercial DVD player. ... iPhoto is a software application made by Apple Inc. ... GarageBand is a software application that allows users to create music or podcasts. ... iWeb is a WYSIWYG template-based website creation tool made by Apple Inc. ... This article is about the iTunes application. ... iWork is a suite of applications created by Apple Inc. ... For Bering Strait album, see Pages (album). ... Numbers is a spreadsheet application developed by Apple Inc. ... Prosumer refers to one of two possible portmanteaus formed by contracting either the word producer or professional with the word consumer. ... Final Cut Express is a non linear video editing application created by Apple, Inc. ... Logic Express is a cut-down version of Logic Pro, a MIDI sequencer and digital audio workstation software application maintained by Apple that runs on the Mac OS X platform. ... Aperture is a software program for Mac OS X announced by Apple Inc at a New York media event on October 19, 2005, designed to assist professional photographers in post-production work. ... FileMaker Pro is a cross-platform database application from FileMaker Inc. ... Image:Fcstudio2 box. ... Logic Studio is a music production suite by Apple Inc. ... Shake is an image compositing package used in the post-production industry. ... This article is about the Mac software. ... Mail (aka Mail. ... Photo Booth is a small software application for taking photos with an iSight camera by Apple Inc. ... QuickTime is a multimedia framework developed by Apple Inc. ... Safari is a web browser developed by Apple Inc. ... A screenshot of Apples TextEdit. ... Apple Remote Desktop (ARD) is a Macintosh application produced by Apple Computer, first released on March 14, 2002, that replaced a similar product called Apple Network Assistant. ... Mac OS X Server is the server-oriented version of Apples operating system, Mac OS X. Mac OS X, in both desktop and server versions, is a Unix operating system based on technology that Apple acquired from NeXT Computer. ... WebObjects is a Java Web application server by Apple Computer. ... Xsan is Apple Inc. ... .Mac (pronounced Dot Mac) refers to a group of online services offered by Apple Inc. ... AppleWorks is an office suite of software applications sold by Apple Computer. ... HyperCard was an application program from Apple Computer that was among the first successful hypermedia systems before the World Wide Web. ... MacDraw was a vector-based drawing program made by Apple Computer for the early Macintosh computers; the software was later sold to Claris. ... MacPaint is a bitmap-based image editing computer program that was produced by Apple Computer for bundling with their Macintosh personal computer. ... MacProject was released by Apple Computers in 1984. ... MacTerminal was the first telecommunications and terminal emulation application software program available for Mac OS. MacTerminal enabled users to connect via modem or serial port to bulletin board systems and online services (e. ... MacWrite was a word processor application released along with the first Apple Macintosh systems in 1984. ... ResEdit version 2. ... Filiation of Unix and Unix-like systems Unix (officially trademarked as UNIX®, sometimes also written as or ® with small caps) is a computer operating system originally developed in 1969 by a group of AT&T employees at Bell Labs including Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie and Douglas McIlroy. ... Diagram of the relationships between several Unix-like systems A Unix-like operating system is one that behaves in a manner similar to a Unix system, while not necessarily conforming to or being certified to any version of the Single UNIX Specification. ... An operating system (OS) is a software that manages computer resources and provides programmers with an interface used to access those resources. ... AIX (Advanced Interactive eXecutive) is the name given to a series of proprietary operating systems sold by IBM for several of its computer system platforms, based on UNIX System V. Before the product was ever marketed, the acronym AIX originally stood for Advanced IBM UNIX. The latest scalable AIX 5L... BSD redirects here. ... DragonFly BSD is a free Unix-like operating system created as a fork of FreeBSD 4. ... FreeBSD is a Unix-like free operating system descended from AT&T UNIX via the Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) branch through the 386BSD and 4. ... GNU (pronounced ) is a computer operating system composed entirely of free software. ... HP-UX (Hewlett Packard UniX) is Hewlett-Packards proprietary implementation of the Unix operating system, based on System V (initially System III). ... IRIX is a computer operating system developed by Silicon Graphics, Inc. ... This article is about operating systems that use the Linux kernel. ... The LynxOS RTOS is a Unix-like real-time operating system from LynuxWorks (formerly Lynx Real-Time Systems). Sometimes known as the Lynx Operating System, LynxOS features POSIX compliance and, more recently, Linux compatibility. ... NetBSD is a freely redistributable, open source version of the Unix-like BSD computer operating system. ... OpenBSD is a Unix-like computer operating system descended from Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD), a Unix derivative developed at the University of California, Berkeley. ... Plan 9 from Bell Labs is a distributed operating system, primarily used as a research vehicle. ... QNX (pronounced either Q-N-X or Q-nix) is a commercial POSIX-compliant Unix-like real-time operating system, aimed primarily at the embedded systems market. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... SCO OpenServer, previously SCO UNIX and SCO ODT, is a Unix-like computer operating system developed by Santa Cruz Operation (SCO) and now maintained by the SCO Group. ... The Solaris Operating System, usually known simply as Solaris, is a free Unix-based operating system introduced by Sun Microsystems in 1992 as the successor to SunOS. Solaris is known for its scalability, especially on SPARC systems, as well for being the origin for many innovative features such as DTrace... AT&T UNIX System V was one of the versions of the UNIX operating system. ... Tru64 UNIX is HPs (formerly Compaq; formerly DEC) 64-bit Unix operating system for the DEC Alpha AXP platform. ... VxWorks is a Unix-like real-time operating system made and sold by Wind River Systems of Alameda, California, USA. Like most RTOSes, VxWorks includes a multitasking kernel with pre-emptive scheduling and fast interrupt response, extensive inter-process communications and synchronization facilities, and a file system. ... Apple Inc. ... Millard S. Drexler is a businessman, formerly CEO of Gap Inc, he joined the board of directors of Gap in November 1983 and left his position in October 2002. ... This article is about the former Vice President of the United States. ... Steven Paul Jobs (February 24, 1955) is the co-founder, chairman, and CEO of Apple Inc. ... Andrea Jung (鍾彬嫻, pinyin: Zhōng Bīnxián) (born 1959) is a Chinese-Amsdffgfdgfdgerican business executive born in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Arthur D. Levinson (born March 31, 1950 in Seattle, Washington) is President and Chief Executive Officer of Genentech. ... Eric Emerson Schmidt, Ph. ... Jerry York is an American businessman, he was the former CFO of IBM and Chrysler. ... Apple TV is a digital media receiver designed, marketed and sold by Apple. ... For the Internet appliance line, see Linksys iPhone. ... iPod is a brand of portable media players designed and marketed by Apple Inc. ... The iPod classic is the flagship iPod digital audio player designed and marketed by Apple Inc. ... The iPod nano is a portable media player designed and marketed by Apple Inc. ... iPod shuffle is an iPod digital audio player designed and marketed by Apple Inc. ... The iPod touch is a portable media player and Wi-Fi mobile platform designed and marketed by Apple Inc. ... For other uses, see Macintosh (disambiguation) and Mac. ... The original Bondi Blue iMac G3 was introduced in 1998. ... This article is about the Apple computer called MacBook. For the MacBook family as a whole, see MacBook family. ... The MacBook Pro is a line of Macintosh portable computers by Apple Inc. ... The Mac mini is the smallest desktop computer made by Apple Inc. ... The Mac Pro is a workstation computer manufactured by Apple Inc. ... A small Xserve cluster with an Xserve RAID. Xserve is the name of Apple Computers Macintosh 1U rackmount line of server computers. ... The following is a list of Apple Inc. ... Dual 30 Apple Cinema HD Displays Previous-generation Apple Studio Display (the Studio Display in an aspect ratio of 4:3 instead of 16:10) The Apple Cinema Display is a product line of widescreen flat panel monitors made by Apple Inc. ... Mighty Mouse The Mighty Mouse (code-named Houdini) is the first multi-button USB mouse ever manufactured and sold by Apple Computer. ... Aperture is a software program for Mac OS X announced by Apple Inc at a New York media event on October 19, 2005, designed to assist professional photographers in post-production work. ... FileMaker Pro is a cross-platform database application from FileMaker Inc. ... Image:Fcstudio2 box. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... This article is about the iTunes application. ... iWork is a suite of applications created by Apple Inc. ... Logic Studio is a music production suite by Apple Inc. ... Mac OS X Server is the server-oriented version of Apples operating system, Mac OS X. Mac OS X, in both desktop and server versions, is a Unix operating system based on technology that Apple acquired from NeXT Computer. ... QuickTime is a multimedia framework developed by Apple Inc. ... Safari is a web browser developed by Apple Inc. ... Xsan is Apple Inc. ... The Apple Developer Connection is Apple Computers developer network. ... AppleCare Protection plan box. ... Apple Specialist is an independent Apple Computer reseller which over time has demonstrated exceptional, consistent, and comprehensive knowledge of Apple technology, offers its entire line of hardware and software, offers complete service and support for branded products, and has been designated as Specialist by the manufacturer. ... This article is about the retail chain. ... Apple Online Store This page is about the online store. ... Apple certification programs are programs designed by Apple Inc. ... The Genius Bar is a station located inside every Apple Retail Store (see Apple Store (retail)) that offers help and support for Apple products. ... The iTunes Store is an online business run by Apple Inc. ... .Mac (pronounced Dot Mac) refers to a group of online services offered by Apple Inc. ... ProCare is a service offered by the Apple Store that provides additional services from the Genius Bar. ... ProCare is a service offered by the Apple Store that provides additional services from the Genius Bar. ... In the past two decades, Apple Inc. ... John Hodgman as PC and Justin Long as Mac The Get a Mac campaign is a current (2006–present) television advertising campaign created for Apple Inc. ... An example of the original style of silhouettes, on a billboard, located in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... This is a list of slogans that have been used by Apple Inc. ... Braeburn Capital is an asset management company based in Reno, Nevada and a subsidiary of Apple Computer, Inc. ... FileMaker Inc. ... This article is about the History of Apple, a Silicon Valley company based in Cupertino, California, whose core business is computer technologies. ... The following is a list of Apple Inc. ... From the 1980s to the present Apple Inc. ... This article, Typography of Apple Inc. ... USD redirects here. ... A fiscal year (or financial year or accounting reference date) is a 12-month period used for calculating annual (yearly) financial statements in businesses and other organizations. ... NASDAQ in Times Square, New York City. ... The Source by Greyworld, in the new LSE building Paternoster Square. ... The Frankfurt Stock Exchange (outside) The DAX chart (inside) The Frankfurt Stock Exchange (German: FWB® Frankfurter Wertpapierbörse) is a stock exchange located in Frankfurt, Germany. ... Apple Inc. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Mac OS X Hacks | O'Reilly Media (1091 words)
Mac OS X is a marvelous confluence of the user-friendly and highly customizable Macintosh of yesteryear and the power and flexibility of Unix under the hood.
Mac OS X Hacks provides direct, hands-on solutions that can be applied to the challenges facing both those meeting the Mac for the first time and long-time users delving into Mac OS X and its Unix underpinnings.
Mac OS X Hacks is the third in O'Reilly's new Hacks Serier which aims to begin reclaiming the term "hacking" for the good guys.
Mac OS X - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4760 words)
Mac OS X v10.2 was never officially referred to as Jaguar in the United Kingdom due to an agreement with the automobile manufacturer Jaguar, although boxes and CDs still bore the Jaguar-skin logo.
Mac OS X v10.3 "Panther" was released on October 24, 2003.
Mac OS X v10.5 "Leopard" was announced at the Worldwide Developers Conference on June 6, 2005, and was shown to developers for the first time at the 2006 Worldwide Developers Conference on August 7, 2006.
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