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Encyclopedia > Maastricht
Maastricht
Official flag of Maastricht
Flag
Coordinates: 50°51′″N 5°41′″E / Expression error: Unexpected / operator, Expression error: Unexpected / operator
Country Netherlands
Province Limburg
Area (2006)
 - Municipality 60.06 km²  (23.2 sq mi)
 - Land 56.80 km² (21.9 sq mi)
 - Water 3.26 km² (1.3 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2007)
 - Municipality 119,147
 - Density 2,098/km² (5,433.8/sq mi)
  Source: CBS, Statline.
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

Coordinates: 50°51′N, 5°41′E Image File history File links Flag_of_Maastricht. ... Location of Maastricht, from Dutch wikipedia This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Capital Maastricht Queens Commissioner L.J.P.M. (Leon) Frissen Religion (1999) Roman Catholic 80% Protestant 3% Area  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water   2,153 km² (9th) 56 km² Population (2006)  â€¢ Total  â€¢ Density 1,131,938 (6th) 526/km² (4th) Inclusion 1839 Anthem In t Bronsgroen Eikenhout ISO NL-LI Official website... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Statistics Netherlands is a Dutch governmental institution that gathers statistical information about the Netherlands. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


Maastricht (Dutch (pronunciation (help· info)), Limburgish and city dialect: Mestreech) is a municipality, and capital of the province of Limburg. The city is situated on both sides of the Meuse river (Maas in Dutch) in the south-eastern part of the Netherlands between Belgium and Germany. The place-name is derived from its Latin name Trajectum Ad Mosam or Mosae Trajectum (Mosa-crossing), referring to the bridge built by the Romans during the reign of Augustus Caesar. Image File history File links 145_Maastricht. ... Limburgish, or Limburgian or Limburgic (Dutch: Limburgs, German: Limburgisch, French: Limbourgeois) is a group of Franconian varieties, spoken in the Limburg and Rhineland regions, near the common Dutch / Belgian / German border. ... A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly referring to a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... Capital Maastricht Queens Commissioner L.J.P.M. (Leon) Frissen Religion (1999) Roman Catholic 80% Protestant 3% Area  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water   2,153 km² (9th) 56 km² Population (2006)  â€¢ Total  â€¢ Density 1,131,938 (6th) 526/km² (4th) Inclusion 1839 Anthem In t Bronsgroen Eikenhout ISO NL-LI Official website... The Meuse (Maas) at Maastricht Meuse near Grave The Meuse (Dutch & German Maas) is a major European river, rising in France and flowing through Belgium and the Netherlands before draining into the North Sea. ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... Augustus Caesar Caesar Augustus (Latin: IMP·CAESAR·DIVI·F·AVGVSTVS)¹ (23 September 63 BC – 19 August AD 14), known earlier in his life as Gaius Octavius or Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus, was the first Roman Emperor and is traditionally considered the greatest. ...


For years, the city has been arguing with Nijmegen as to which of them is the oldest city in the Netherlands. Nijmegen was the first city with Roman city rights in what is now the Netherlands. Maastricht was the first with Medieval city rights, a system which evolved to the current system and, thanks to the Romans, the first settlement with city allure. However, Maastricht was undoubtedly the first settlement in the Netherlands.[citation needed] Roman sources mention a Celtic settlement (probably inhabited by the Eburones) at the location they used for the bridge. Other sources mention a Celtic settlement at a river crossing near where Wyck is now located. Country Netherlands Province Gelderland Area (2006)  - Municipality 57. ... Town privileges was an important feature of European towns during most of the 2nd millenium. ... This article is about the European people. ... The Eburones were a Belgic tribe based of north-eastern Gaul in the 1st century BC. Julius Caesar describes them as being of Germanic origin. ... This article is about the European people. ...

Contents

History

Map showing location of Maastricht in relation to the Belgian border
Map showing location of Maastricht in relation to the Belgian border
Saint Servatius bridge, the oldest bridge of the Netherlands
Saint Servatius bridge, the oldest bridge of the Netherlands
A main shopping street in Maastricht, decorated with EU flags.
A main shopping street in Maastricht, decorated with EU flags.
Fortress remains are still kept in a center of the city
Fortress remains are still kept in a center of the city

Paleolithic remains have been found to the west of Maastricht, between 8000 and 25 000 years old. At least 500 years before the Romans came, Celts lived here, at a spot where the river Meuse was shallow and therefore easy to cross. The Romans later built a bridge and a large road to connect the capitals of the Nervians and Tungri, Bavay and Tongeren, with the capital of the Ubians, Cologne. Download high resolution version (719x726, 25 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (719x726, 25 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 1628 KB) Summary Saint Servatius bridge (Dutch: Sint Servaasbrug), 2005:05:21 16:29:16 Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Maastricht Metadata This file... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 1628 KB) Summary Saint Servatius bridge (Dutch: Sint Servaasbrug), 2005:05:21 16:29:16 Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Maastricht Metadata This file... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2028x1152, 1062 KB) Summary Author: Redvers. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2028x1152, 1062 KB) Summary Author: Redvers. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 228 KB) Summary The remeains of some fortress are still kept in a center of Maastricht Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 228 KB) Summary The remeains of some fortress are still kept in a center of Maastricht Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the... // The Paleolithic is a prehistoric era distinguished by the development of stone tools. ... Celts, normally pronounced // (see article on pronunciation), refers primarily to the members of any of a number of peoples in Europe using the Celtic languages, a branch of Indo-European languages, or descended from those who did. ... Meuse is a département in northeast France, named after the Meuse River. ... Tongeren is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Limburg near Hasselt. ... , For other uses, see Cologne (disambiguation). ...

Maastricht Train Station
Basilica of Saint Servatius
Basilica of Saint Servatius

Saint Servatius was the first bishop of the Netherlands. His tomb, in the crypt at the Basilica of Saint Servatius, is a favoured place of pilgrimage: Pope John Paul II visited it in 1984. The golden gilt shrine containing some of the saint's relics is carried around the town every seven years. During the medieval period these processions caused such rioting that they were forbidden. The city remained an early Christian bishopric until it lost this position to nearby Liège in the 8th century. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x1201, 518 KB)Basilica of St. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x1201, 518 KB)Basilica of St. ... Saint Servatius ( ) (3?? - 384) was the first bishop of the Netherlands. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      This article is about a title... Basilica of Saint Servatius The Basilica of Saint Servatius is situated in Maastricht, in The Netherlands. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The Pope (from Latin... Coat of Arms of Pope John Paul II. The Letter M is for Mary, the mother of Jesus, to whom he held strong devotion Pope John Paul II (Latin: , Italian: Giovanni Paolo II, Polish: Jan PaweÅ‚ II) born   []; 18 May 1920 – 2 April 2005) reigned as the 264th Pope of... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... In some Christian churches, the diocese is an administrative territorial unit governed by a bishop, sometimes also referred to as a bishopric or episcopal see, though more often the term episcopal see means the office held by the bishop. ... The city of Liège (Dutch: Luik, German: Lüttich) on the Meuse River is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Liège, of which it is the capital. ... (7th century — 8th century — 9th century — other centuries) Events The Iberian peninsula is taken by Arab and Berber Muslims, thus ending the Visigothic rule, and starting almost 8 centuries of Muslim presence there. ...


Middle Ages

Maastricht developed in the Middle Ages into a city of dual authority, with both the Prince-Bishopric of Liège and the Duchy of Brabant holding joint sovereignty over the city. It received city rights in 1204. The role of the Dukes was occupied by the Dutch States General from 1632 onwards when the city was taken from the Spanish by Frederik Hendrik. This duality remained in force until the conquest and annexation of the city by the French in 1794. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Coat of arms The Bishopric of Liège in 1477 Capital Liège Language(s) French, Dutch, German, Walloon Religion Roman Catholicism Government Principality Prince-Bishop  - 340s–384 Saint Servatius (first bishop)  - 972–1008 Notger (first prince-bishop)  - 1792–94 François-Antoine-Marie de Méan (last) Historical era... Brabant is a former duchy in the Low Countries, and a former province of Belgium. ... City rights are a medieval phenomenon in the history of the Low Countries. ... [Neilhughandafriendlypeasant. ... The Estates-General (Staten-Generaal) is the parliament of the Netherlands. ... See also: 1632 (novel) Events February 22 - Galileos Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems is published July 23 - 300 colonists for New France depart Dieppe November 8 - Wladyslaw IV Waza elected king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth after Zygmunt III Waza death November 16 - Battle of Lützen... Frederick Henry (January 29, 1584–March 14, 1647), Prince of Orange, the youngest child of William the Silent, was born at Delft about six months before his fathers assassination. ... 1794 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


French & Napoleonic times

Seven skeletons uncovered in a front garden in Maastricht in May 2004 may be the remains of musketeers who died during a fierce 17th century battle between French attackers and Dutch defenders. Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses of this term, see Musketeer (disambiguation). ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ...


The famous Siege of Maastricht occurred here during the month of June, 1673, because battle supply lines were being threatened. During this siege, one of history's most famous military engineers, Vauban, synthesized the methods of attacking strong places, in order to break down the fortifications surrounding Maastricht. His introduction of a systematic approach by parallels resulted in a rapid breaching of the city's fortifications. (This technique, in principle, has remained until the 20th century the standard method of attacking a fortress.) Combatants France United Provinces Spain Commanders Louis XIV Jacques de Fariaux Strength 24,000 infantry 16,000 cavalry 5,000 infantry 1,200 cavalry Casualties Unknown Comte DArtagnan 6,000 dead, wounded, or captured The Siege of Maastricht was one of the key elements in King Louis XIVs... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... 1673 (MDCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Sébastien Le Prestre, Seigneur de Vauban and later Marquis de Vauban (May 15, 1633 - March 30, 1707), commonly referred to as Vauban, was a Marshal of France and the foremost military engineer of his age, famed for his skill in both designing fortifications and in breaking through them. ...


After the breaching of the fortifications occurred, Louis XIV's troops started to surround the city of Maastricht. Under the leadership of Captain-Lieutenant Charles de Batz de Castelmore, also known as Comte d'Artagnan, the First Company of "Mousquetaires du Roi" prepared to storm a rampart located in front of one of the city's gates. The assault on the bulwark took place not far from where the seven skeletons were found. D'Artagnan was killed by a musket shot on 25 June 1673 during a night attack on the Tongerse Gate (this event was portrayed by Alexandre Dumas in his novel The Vicomte de Bragelonne). “Sun King” redirects here. ... Charles de Batz-Castelmore, Comte dArtagnan (c. ... The statue of dArtagnan in Auch Statue of dArtagnan in Maastricht Charles de Batz-Castelmore, Comte dArtagnan (c. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1673 (MDCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Alexandre Dumas, père, born Dumas Davy de la Pailleterie (July 24, 1802 – December 5, 1870) was a French writer, best known for his numerous historical novels of high adventure which have made him one of the most widely read French authors in the world. ... The Vicomte de Bragelonne: Ten Years Later (Le Vicomte de Bragelonne ou Dix ans plus tard) is a novel by Alexandre Dumas, père. ...


Maastricht surrendered to French troops on 30 June. The French troops occupied the Dutch city from 1673 to 1679. It was subsequently restored to Dutch rule. is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1673 (MDCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Events January 24 - King Charles II of England disbands Parliament August 7 - The brigantine Le Griffon, which was commissioned by René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, is towed to the southern end of the Niagara River, to become the first ship to sail the upper Great Lakes. ...


Part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands

After the Napoleonic era, Maastricht became a part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands in 1815. When the southern provinces sought independence from the North to form Belgium in 1830, the garrison in Maastricht remained loyal to the Dutch king and occupied the city despite anti-Dutch feelings amongst the population. Maastricht was neither Dutch nor Belgian between 1830 and 1839. In 1839 the Treaty of London was imposed on the Belgians and the city and the eastern part of Limburg, despite being geographically and culturally closer to Belgium, were permanently added to the Netherlands. Because of the resulting eccentric location Maastricht was often more focused on Belgium and Germany than on the rest of the Netherlands, adding to the distinct non-Dutch character of the city. Even now, the people of Maastricht (and the rest of Limburg) hold on to their language and culture, and some even hope to be re-united with Limburgian areas in Germany and Belgium. The Napoleonic Era is a period in the History of France and Europe. ... The Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg and Limburg in 1839 1, 2 and 3 United Kingdom of the Netherlands (until 1830) 1 and 2 Kingdom of the Netherlands (after 1830) 2 Duchy of Limburg (In the German Confederacy after 1839 as compensation for Waals-Luxemburg) 3 and 4 Kingdom of Belgium (after... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1839 (MDCCCXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The Treaty of London of 1839, also called the Convention of 1839, was signed on April 19, 1839. ... Limburgian (Dutch: Limburgs, German: Limburgisch, French: Limbourgeois) is a group of Franconian varieties, spoken in the Limburg and Selfkant regions, near the common Dutch/Flemish(Belgium)/German border. ...


20th century

On September 14, 1944, Maastricht was the first Dutch city to be liberated by allied forces during World War II. In 1976, Maastricht became part of the Euregio Maas-Rhine. In 1992, the Maastricht treaty was signed here, leading to the creation of the European Union. is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... The Maastricht Treaty (formally, the Treaty of European Union, TEU) was signed on February 7, 1992 in Maastricht, Netherlands after final negotiations in December 1991 between the members of the European Community and entered into force on November 1, 1993 during the Delors Commission. ...


21st century

Especially under current mayor Gerd Leers, Maastricht attracted many summits, like the OCSE-summit in 2003, and several gatherings during the Dutch EU-chairmanship in the second half of 2004. A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Burgemeester Gerd Leers Gerd Leers is the mayor of Maastricht, Netherlands. ... The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) is an international organization for security. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Institutions and education

One of the University of Maastrichts buildings
One of the University of Maastrichts buildings

Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 127 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Maastricht Metadata This... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 127 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Maastricht Metadata This... The term Administration, as used in the context of government, differs according to jurisdiction. ... Capital Maastricht Queens Commissioner L.J.P.M. (Leon) Frissen Religion (1999) Roman Catholic 80% Protestant 3% Area  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water   2,153 km² (9th) 56 km² Population (2006)  â€¢ Total  â€¢ Density 1,131,938 (6th) 526/km² (4th) Inclusion 1839 Anthem In t Bronsgroen Eikenhout ISO NL-LI Official website... An editor has expressed a concern that the subject of the article does not satisfy the notability guideline or one of the following guidelines for inclusion on Wikipedia: Biographies, Books, Companies, Fiction, Music, Neologisms, Numbers, Web content, or several proposals for new guidelines. ... Universiteit Maastricht (abbreviation: UM) (or in the English language: Maastricht University[1]), founded in 1976, is the second youngest university in the Netherlands. ...

Economical aspect

The following private companies are settled, or have sections in Maastricht:

The Hewlett-Packard Company (NYSE: HPQ), commonly known as HP, is a very large, global company headquartered in Palo Alto, California, United States. ... DaimlerChrysler AG (ISIN: DE0007100000) is a German car corporation and the worlds eighth largest car manufacturer. ... Sappi Limited NYSE: SPP is a South African pulp and paper company based in Johannesburg, South Africa. ... Vodafone Group Plc is a mobile network operator headquartered in Newbury, Berkshire, England, UK. It is the largest mobile telecommunications network company in the world by turnover and has a market value of about £84. ... Electronic Data Systems (EDS) (NYSE: EDS, LSE: EDC) is a global business and technology services company that defined the outsourcing business when it was established in 1962 by Ross Perot. ...

Neighborhoods

One of the Maastricht Streets

Maastricht can be divided into 7 parts consisting of multiple neighborhoods: Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 258 KB) Summary One of the streets in Maastricht Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 258 KB) Summary One of the streets in Maastricht Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ...

  1. Centrum (Centre); Binnenstad, Boschstraatkwartier, Jekerkwartier, Kommelkwartier, Statenkwartier, Sint Maartenspoort, Wyck.
  2. Buitenwijk Noord-Oost (North-Eastern sections); Beatrixhaven, Borgharen, Itteren, Meerssenhoven.
  3. Buitenwijk Oost (Eastern sections); Amby, Heugemerveld, Limmel, Nazareth, Scharn, Wittevrouwenveld, Wyckerpoort.
  4. Buitenwijk Zuid-Oost (South-Eastern sections); De Heeg, Heer, Heugem, Randwyck, Vroendaal.
  5. Buitenwijk Zuid-West (South-Western sections); Biesland, Campagne, Jekerdal, Sint Pieter, Villapark, Wolder.
  6. Buitenwijk West (Western sections); Belfort, Brusselsepoort, Caberg, Daalhof, Dousberg-Hazendans, Malberg, Malpertuis, Mariaberg, Oud-Caberg, Pottenberg.
  7. Buitenwijk Noord-West (North-Western sections); Belvédère, Boschpoort, Bosscherveld, Frontenkwartier, Lanakerveld).

Politics

Council seats
Party seats change from 2002
PvdA 13 +5
CDA 7 -4
GroenLinks 5 0
VVD 3(4) -1
SP 3 +1
Senioren 3 0
D66 2 0
Stadsbelangen 2 -1
Liberalen Maastricht 1 0
Total 39

The mayor of Maastricht is the Christian Democrat Gerd Leers. His party, the CDA, became the largest party in the city council after the 2002 municipal elections, when they made up the coalition together with PvdA, VVD and GroenLinks. For the Belgian political party of the same name, see Partij van de Arbeid (Belgium). ... The Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA) (Dutch: Christen Democratisch Appèl) is a Dutch Christian-democratic political party. ... This article is about the Dutch political party. ... The Volkspartij voor Vrijheid en Democratie (VVD), literally Peoples Party for Freedom and Democracy, is a free market liberal party in the Netherlands. ... The Socialist Party (Dutch: Socialistische Partij) is a socialist party in the Netherlands. ... d66 may refer to Democrats 66, a Dutch political party d66 (die), a dice roll used in some old wargames and RPGs This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Christian Democracy is a political ideology, born at the end of the 19th century, largely as a result of the papal encyclical Rerum Novarum of Pope Leo XIII, in which the Vatican recognizes workers misery and agrees that something should be done about it, in reaction to the rise of... Burgemeester Gerd Leers Gerd Leers is the mayor of Maastricht, Netherlands. ... The Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA) (Dutch: Christen Democratisch Appèl) is a Dutch Christian-democratic political party. ... A city council is the most common style of legislative government in a city or town. ...


The 2006 municipal elections saw a political landslide from right to left all over the Netherlands, and Maastricht was no exception. The present coalition still kept its majority, but the shift to the left made Maastricht one of the 39 Dutch municipalities in which an all-left-wing coalition of PvdA, GroenLinks and SP has become possible. Another factor that contributed to this situation in Maastricht, was the 2005 enduring disagreement within the VVD between the traditional and progressive members. September 2006, this lead to the establishement of the Liberalen Maastricht. Previously the VVD forced one of its members to leave the party, just a month after the 2006 municipal elections. Posters of political parties of the 2006 municipal elections in Delft The Dutch municipal elections of 2006 were held on March 7, 2006. ...


One issue that brought Maastricht in the news in 2005 and 2006 was the cannabis supply of coffeeshops. Under the gedoogbeleid the sale of cannabis is allowed under certain conditions, but the supply is not, resulting in an impossible situation. The police keep on tracking down plantations, but that just results in more and more plantations being set up, including many in attics of houses in 'ordinary streets', thus bringing small children in contact with illegal activities. Mayor Leers therefore proposed to let the government take over the growing, striking, in his opinion, a blow to the criminal scene. But the Netherlands are bound by international laws and a complication for Maastricht is its proximity to neighbouring countries, making it a major destination for drug tourism. Look up Cannabis in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A Street Cafe, Jerusalem, Henry Fenn (1838- ): steel engraving in Picturesque Palestine, ca 1875 A coffeehouse, coffee shop, or café shares some of the characteristics of a bar, and some of the characteristics of a restaurant. ... The drug policy of the Netherlands is based on two principles: Drug use is a public health issue, not a criminal matter A distinction between hard drugs and soft drugs exists It is a pragmatic policy. ...


Sports

  • In football, Maastricht is represented by MVV (Maastrichtse Voetbal Vereniging), currently playing in the Dutch first division.

“Soccer” redirects here. ... MVV is a Dutch football club from the city of Maastricht, founded on April 2, 1902. ...

Transportation

  • By car; Maastricht is served by the A2 and the A79 highways. The city can be reached from Brussels and Cologne (Köln) within 1½ hours and from Amsterdam within 2½ hours. The A2 highway that runs through Maastricht is heavily congested and increasingly causes air pollution in the urban area. Construction plans for building a tunnel in order to improve traffic flow are currently being developed.
  • By train; the Dutch Railways serves both the main station of Maastricht and the station located near the business and university district (Maastricht Randwyck). A railway branch passes through Maastricht that runs south to Liège, Belgium and north into the rest of The Netherlands, where it has a branch to Heerlen. Intercity trains to the northern city of Alkmaar connect Maastricht with Eindhoven, Utrecht and Amsterdam, amongst others. Express and commuter trains cover the regional area and an international intercity train connects the city to Liège and Brussels in Belgium. Another railway line to Hasselt, Belgium is no longer in use, although plans exist to restore it.
  • By airplane; Maastricht is served by Maastricht Aachen Airport with scheduled flights to Alicante [as of November 14, 2007], Amsterdam, Girona, Valencia [as of October 31, 2007] and popular holiday destinations (e.g. Turkey) during the Summer season.
  • By boat; Maastricht has a river port on the Meuse, and is connected with the rest of the Netherlands through the Juliana Canal and the Zuid-Willemsvaart.
  • By bus; In Maastricht various buslines serve the majority of the city and suburbs. The regional bus network stretches to most of parts of Southern-Limburg as well as to Belgium (Hasselt, Tongeren and Liège) and Germany (Aachen)

These are the Highways (Dutch: autosnelwegen) with the most important towns at or near the highways: A1: Amsterdam - Hilversum - Amersfoort - Apeldoorn - Deventer - Hengelo - Germany A2: Amsterdam - Utrecht - s-Hertogenbosch - Eindhoven - Weert - Geleen - Maastricht - (border) Visé A4: Amsterdam - Schiphol - Leiden - The Hague - Delft A4: Vlaardingen - Hoogvliet A4: Bergen op Zoom - Antwerp... These are the Highways (Dutch: autosnelwegen) with the most important towns at or near the highways: A1: Amsterdam - Hilversum - Amersfoort - Apeldoorn - Deventer - Hengelo - Germany A2: Amsterdam - Utrecht - s-Hertogenbosch - Eindhoven - Weert - Geleen - Maastricht - (border) Visé A4: Amsterdam - Schiphol - Leiden - The Hague - Delft A4: Vlaardingen - Hoogvliet A4: Bergen op Zoom - Antwerp... For other places with the same name, see Brussels (disambiguation). ... , For other uses, see Cologne (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Amsterdam (disambiguation). ... These are the Highways (Dutch: autosnelwegen) with the most important towns at or near the highways: A1: Amsterdam - Hilversum - Amersfoort - Apeldoorn - Deventer - Hengelo - Germany A2: Amsterdam - Utrecht - s-Hertogenbosch - Eindhoven - Weert - Geleen - Maastricht - (border) Visé A4: Amsterdam - Schiphol - Leiden - The Hague - Delft A4: Vlaardingen - Hoogvliet A4: Bergen op Zoom - Antwerp... Nederlandse Spoorwegen or NS (Dutch railways) is the main public transport railway company in the Netherlands. ... Geography Country Belgium Community French Community Region Walloon Region Province Liège Arrondissement Liège Coordinates , , Area 69. ... Motto: Je Maintiendrai (Dutch: Ik zal handhaven, English: I Shall Uphold) Anthem: Wilhelmus van Nassouwe Capital Amsterdam1 Largest city Amsterdam Official language(s) Dutch2 Government Parliamentary democracy Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Beatrix  - Prime minister Jan Peter Balkenende Independence Eighty Years War   - Declared July 26, 1581   - Recognised January 30, 1648 (by Spain... Heerlen ( (help· info)) is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands and the fourth largest municipality in the province of Limburg. ... Accijnstoren Cheese market Canal and bridge Weighing house Alkmaar (West Frisian: Alkmare) is a municipality and a city in the Netherlands, in the province of Noord Holland. ... Country Netherlands Province North Brabant Government  - Mayor Alexander Sakkers (VVD) Area (2006)  - Municipality 88. ... Utrecht ( (help· info)) is a municipality and the capital city of the Dutch province of Utrecht. ... For other uses, see Amsterdam (disambiguation). ... Liege or Liège has several meanings: A liege is the person or entity to which one has pledged allegiance. ... For other places with the same name, see Brussels (disambiguation). ... Hasselt municipality and district in the province Limburg Hasselt is a Belgian city and municipality, and capital of the Flemish province of Limburg. ... The Maastricht Aachen Airport (IATA:MST, ICAO:EHBK) is a regional airport near Maastricht, Netherlands and not far from Aachen, Germany. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Alacant (Catalan) Spanish name Alicante Administration Country Autonomous Community Valencian Community Province Alicante Comarca Alacantí Administrative Divisions 8 Neighborhoods 42 Mayor Luis Díaz Alperi (PP) Geography Land Area 201. ... For other uses, see Amsterdam (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Spanish city. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name València (Valencian) Spanish name Valencia Founded 137 BC Postal code 46000-46080 Website http://www. ... For other uses, see Port (disambiguation). ... The Juliana Canal (Dutch: Julianakanaal), named after Queen Juliana of the Netherlands, is a 36 km long canal in the southern Netherlands, providing a bypass of an unnavigable section of the river Meuse between Maastricht and Maasbracht. ... The Zuid-Willemsvaart (South Williams Canal, named after King William I of the Netherlands with South added to avoid confusion with two other canals commissioned by and named after the King: the Willemsvaart near Zwolle and the Noord-Willemskanaal in the province of Groningen) is a canal in the... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Hasselt municipality and district in the province Limburg Hasselt is a Belgian city and municipality, and capital of the Flemish province of Limburg. ... Tongeren is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Limburg near Hasselt. ... Liege or Liège has several meanings: A liege is the person or entity to which one has pledged allegiance. ... Oche redirects here; in darts the oche is the line from which players must throw. ...

Visiting Maastricht

Events & Festivals

  • Carnival (Dutch: Carnaval, Limburgish: Vastelaovend) & November 11 (start Carnival-season)
  • KunstTour
  • Preuvenemint, culinary event in late August.
  • The European Fine Art Fair (TEFAF)
  • Winterland

This article describes the festival season. ... Limburgish, or Limburgian or Limburgic (Dutch: Limburgs, German: Limburgisch, French: Limbourgeois) is a group of Franconian varieties, spoken in the Limburg and Rhineland regions, near the common Dutch / Belgian / German border. ... is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Museums

The Onze-Lieve-Vrouwe basilica (Early construction is Romanesque and later is Gothic).
The Onze-Lieve-Vrouwe basilica (Early construction is Romanesque and later is Gothic).

The Bonnefanten Museum can be found in Maastricht, The Netherlands and is the foremost museum for old masters and contemporary fine art in the province of Limburg. ... This article includes a list of works cited but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, ancient; ontos, being; and λόγος, logos, knowledge) is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils. ... Simplified schematic of an islands flora - all its plant species, highlighted in boxes. ... Fauna is a collective term for animal life of any particular region or time. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (1365 × 1816 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (1365 × 1816 pixel, file size: 1. ... South transept of Tournai Cathedral, Belgium, 12th century. ... Interior of Cologne Cathedral Gothic architecture is a style of architecture, particularly associated with cathedrals and other churches, which flourished in Europe during the high and late medieval period. ...

Sights

  • Bassin, an inner harbour with various restaurants.
  • The Helpoort and the city wall.
  • The Hoge Fronten (also Linie van du Moulin), 17th/18th century bastion.
  • The Kazematten, the tunnels beneath the Hoge Fronten.
  • The Markt (Marketsquare) with the city hall.
  • Onze-Lieve-Vrouwe square with the Onze-Lieve-Vrouw basilica.
  • To the south of the city is the hill of St. Pietersberg which has an old fort and a network of caves within. The caves maintain a constant temperature of 10°C and are a hibernation place for bats. The caves were formed by digging out the Marl that was used to build houses. This led to a very extensive network of caves that were used as hiding places during World War II. Later, the marl was used by ENCI to make cement. In the process a large chunk was removed from one side of the hill. The unused material was used to make a new hill, d'n Observant. In the process of carving out the marl, fossils were found, most notably one of a mosasaur in 1780 (which, contrary to popular belief, was not a dinosaur). The find was so famous it led to naming a 6-million-year epoch after the city: the Maastrichtian.
  • The statue of d'Artagnan in the Aldenhofpark.
  • Various shopping streets e.g. the Stokstraatkwartier, the Grote Staat & Kleine Staat and the recently restored mall Entre Deux.
  • Vrijthof square, with the Vrijthoftheatre (Theater aan het Vrijthof), the Saint Servatius basilica (Sint-Servaasbasiliek) and the Saint Johns church (Sint-Janskerk).

The defensive wall of Braşov, Romania. ... Categories: Stub | Fortification ... It has been suggested that Town Hall be merged into this article or section. ... The panoramic view from Connors Hill, near Swifts Creek, Victoria A hill is a landform that extends above the surrounding terrain, in a limited area. ... Fortifications (Latin fortis, strong, and facere, to make) are military constructions designed for defensive warfare. ... This article refers to the process of hibernation in biology. ... “Chiroptera” redirects here. ... Marls are calcium carbonate or lime rich muds or mudstones which contain variable amounts of clays and calcite or aragonite. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Subfamilies Mosasaurinae Plioplatecarpinae Tylosaurinae Mosasaurs (from Latin Mosa, the Meuse river where the fossils were first discovered + Greek sauros, lizard) were serpentine marine reptiles, more closely related to snakes than to monitor lizards (Lee 1997). ... 1780 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Orders & Suborders Saurischia Sauropodomorpha Theropoda Ornithischia Thyreophora Ornithopoda Marginocephalia Dinosaurs were vertebrate animals that dominated the terrestrial ecosystem for over 160 million years, first appearing approximately 230 million years ago. ... The Maastrichtian is the last stage of the Cretaceous period, and therefore of the Mesozoic era. ... The statue of dArtagnan in Auch Statue of dArtagnan in Maastricht Charles de Batz-Castelmore, Comte dArtagnan (c. ...

Other

  • MosaeGusto!, a 3.500 m² fine food market located within the Mosae Forum shopping centre opening in September 2007.

Native of Maastricht

See also People from Maastricht
  • Gerard Bergholtz (1939); former soccerplayer; 9 time international.
  • Peter Debye (1884-1966), Nobel prize winning chemist
  • André Rieu (1949), musician
  • Fred Rompelberg (1945); cyclist; current holder of the Absolute Speed World Record Cycling with 268,831 km/h
  • Maxime Verhagen (1956), politician
  • Ad Wijnands (1959); former cyclist; two time stage winner in Tour de France
  • Boudewijn Zenden (1976), football (soccer) player

Petrus Josephus Wilhelmus Debije (March 24, 1884 – November 2, 1966) was a Dutch physical chemist. ... The Nobel Prizes (Swedish: ) are awarded for Physics, Chemistry, Literature, Peace, and Physiology or Medicine. ... André Rieu (born October 1, 1949, in Maastricht, Netherlands) is a Dutch violinist and conductor. ... Fred Rompelberg (30 October 1945 in Maastricht) is a Dutch cyclist who has set several world cycling records. ... Maxime Jacques Marcel Verhagen (Maastricht, 14 September 1956) is a Dutch politician. ... Boudewijn Bolo Zenden ( (help· info)) (born August 15, 1976 in Maastricht) is a Dutch footballer who plays most often as a midfielder. ...

Sister Cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium_(civil). ... Geography Country Belgium Community French Community Region Walloon Region Province Liège Arrondissement Liège Coordinates , , Area 69. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Map of the Koblenz region Koblenz (also Coblenz in pre-1926 German spellings; French Coblence) is a city situated on both banks of the Rhine at its confluence with the Moselle, where the Deutsches Eck (German Corner) and its monument ( Emperor William I on horseback) are situated. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nicaragua. ... El Rama is a municipality in the Región Autónoma del Atlántico Sur department of Nicaragua. ...

See also

Maastricht (Dutch: Maastricht; Limburgish and city dialect: Mestreech) is a municipality, and capital of the province of Limburg. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Maastricht

General Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

  • City of Maastricht, official site (Dutch)
  • City of Maastricht, official site (English)
  • Wikimaas Wiki on Maastricht
  • Destadmaastricht.com All you want to know about Maastricht, esp. current projects like Entre-Deux and Mosae Forum
  • Famous inhabitants of Maastricht

Tourism

  • Tourist Board, Dutch, English, French or German
  • MaastrichtNet, Agenda for Maastricht with English Section Highlights of the Week
  • Maastricht360.nl, 360° view of Maastricht
  • FoToL.nl, pictures of Maastricht
  • Bonnefanten Museum

History

  • Maastricht in Roman times
  • Churches of Maastricht
  • News Reports of Musketeer Skeletons found
  • Webpage about the fortifications
  • Webpage about the 1632 siege
  • Webpage about the 1673 siege
  • D’Artagnan’s death at the 1673 siege of Maastricht, an article by H. Reuvers in Crossroads, 19 December 2006
  • The history of carnival in Maastricht, an article by H. Reuvers in Crossroads, 31 January 2007

Higher education and research

Resources for expatriates Universiteit Maastricht (Maastricht University), founded in 1976, is the second youngest university in the Netherlands. ... The United Nations University (UNU) is a university established on December 6, 1973 by adoption of resolution 3081 by the United Nations General Assembly, upon the suggestion of U Thant, UN Secretary-General at the time. ... An editor has expressed a concern that the subject of the article does not satisfy the notability guideline or one of the following guidelines for inclusion on Wikipedia: Biographies, Books, Companies, Fiction, Music, Neologisms, Numbers, Web content, or several proposals for new guidelines. ... The Conservatorium Maastricht is a music school in Maastricht (the Netherlands). ... The Toneelacademie Maastricht (Academy of Dramatic Arts). ... The Academie Beeldende Kunsten Maastricht (ABKM, Academy of Fine Arts). ...

  • Crossroads English-language website for expatriates in Maastricht, published by the European Journalism Centre
  • International Women's Club South Limburg a non profit international women's organisation with over 200 members in South Limburg
  • Maastricht International Playgroup a non-profit organisation comprising expatriate and local parents living in and around Maastricht

Other

  • Vastelaoftrap Kickoff of the carnival days
  • WebCAM Maastricht Randwijck WebCAM Maastricht Randwijck
Limburg Province

Arcen en Velden | Beek | Beesel | Bergen | Brunssum | Echt-Susteren | Eijsden | Gennep | Gulpen-Wittem | Heerlen | Helden | Horst aan de Maas | Kerkrade | Kessel | Landgraaf | Leudal | Maasbree | Maasgouw | Maastricht | Margraten | Meerlo-Wanssum | Meerssen | Meijel | Mook en Middelaar | Nederweert | Nuth | Onderbanken | Roerdalen | Roermond | Schinnen | Sevenum | Simpelveld | Sittard-Geleen | Stein | Vaals | Valkenburg aan de Geul | Venlo | Venray | Voerendaal | Weert Capital Maastricht Queens Commissioner L.J.P.M. (Leon) Frissen Religion (1999) Roman Catholic 80% Protestant 3% Area  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water   2,153 km² (9th) 56 km² Population (2006)  â€¢ Total  â€¢ Density 1,131,938 (6th) 526/km² (4th) Inclusion 1839 Anthem In t Bronsgroen Eikenhout ISO NL-LI Official website... Image File history File links NL-LimburgVlag. ... Arcen en Velden is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Beek is a municipality and a Netherlands. ... Beesel is a municipality and a Netherlands. ... Bergen is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Brunssum is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Echt-Susteren is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Eijsden is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Gennep is a municipality and a city in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Gulpen-Wittem ( (help· info)) is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Heerlen ( (help· info)) is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands and the fourth largest municipality in the province of Limburg. ... Helden is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands in the province Limburg. ... Horst aan de Maas is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Kerkrade is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands. ... This is about the municipality in the Netherlands. ... Landgraaf is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Leudal is a municipality in the Dutch province of Limburg. ... Maasbree is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands Population centres Baarlo Maasbree External link Official website Categories: Limburg (Netherlands) ... Maasgouw is a municipality in the Dutch province of Limburg. ... Margraten is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Meerlo-Wanssum is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands Population centres Blitterswijck Geijsteren Meerlo Swolgen Tienray Wanssum External links Official Website Categories: Limburg (Netherlands) ... Meerssen is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands Population centres Bunde Geulle Meerssen/Rothem Ulestraten. ... Meijel is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands External link Official website Categories: Limburg (Netherlands) ... Mook en Middelaar is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands Population centres Middelaar Molenhoek Mook Plasmolen. ... Nederweert is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands Population centres Budschop, Leveroy, Nederweert, Nederweert-Eind, Ospel, Ospeldijk and Schoor. ... Nuth is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Onderbanken is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Roerdalen is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Country Netherlands Province Limburg Area (2006)  - Municipality 46. ... Schinnen is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Sevenum ( (help· info)) is a Dutch municipality and a town in the province Limburg in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Simpelveld is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Sittard-Geleen is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Stein ( (help·info)) is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Vaals is a town in the southeastern Netherlands, in the province of Limburg. ... Valkenburg aan de Geul ( (help· info)) is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Venlo ( (help· info)) is a municipality and a city in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Venray is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Voerendaal is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands. ... This is about the city in the Netherlands. ...

Netherlands | Provinces | Municipalities | map

  Results from FactBites:
 
AMSU: Maastricht (219 words)
Maastricht is one of the oldest cities in the Netherlands, and is the capital of the southern province of Limburg.
Additionally, Maastricht is home to an important University, where several innovations in education are being carried out.
It is a region that is therefore appropriate to serve as symbol of European efforts toward integration, especially since the historic signing of the Maastricht Treaty.
Study Abroad: Maastricht Center for Transatlantic Studies (2101 words)
The town of Maastricht was established around a crossing of the Maas River by Julius Caesar in 50 B.C.E, and was therefore known to the Romans as Mosae Trajectum.
Geographically Maastricht should have become part of Belgium, but the garrison under General Dibbets remained loyal to the House of Orange and in 1839, to the disgruntlement of the Belgians, the province of Limburg was partitioned, Maastricht remaining in Dutch hands.
Maastricht was occupied by the Germans in 1940 and was the first city in The Netherlands to be liberated in 1944.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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