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Encyclopedia > Ma Yuan
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Ma Yuan (Traditional Chinese: 馬援; pinyin: Mǎ Yuán) was a Chinese chiangchun who served during the Eastern Han Dynasty. Traditional Chinese characters are one of two standard character sets of printed contemporary Chinese written language. ... Pinyin (拼音, pÄ«nyÄ«n) literally means join (together) sounds (a less literal translation being phoneticize, spell or transcription) in Chinese and usually refers to HànyÇ” PÄ«nyÄ«n (汉语拼音, literal meaning: Han language pinyin), which is a system of romanization (phonetic notation and transliteration to roman script) for Standard Mandarin. ... Chiangchun (將軍) is an ancient Chinese military class. ... Han commanderies and kingdoms AD 2. ...


His military and political achievements included helping Emperor Guangwu unite the empire and expeditions against the Xiongnu and Annam. He fell ill during an expedition to Annam, and soon died afterwards. Emperor Guangwu (January 15, 5 BC - March 29, 57), born Liu Xiu, was an emperor of the Chinese Han Dynasty, restorer of the dynasty in AD 25 and thus founder of the Later Han or Eastern Han (the restored Han Dynasty). ... A Xiongnu belt buckle. ... Annam, literally meaning Pacified South, is a region of central Vietnam that fell under Chinese rule in 111 BC as Annan (安南). Known locally as Trung Bộ, meaning Central Boundary, it was formerly a kingdom the size of Sweden with its capital at Hué. It had been seized by the French... Annam, literally meaning Pacified South, is a region of central Vietnam that fell under Chinese rule in 111 BC as Annan (安南). Known locally as Trung Bộ, meaning Central Boundary, it was formerly a kingdom the size of Sweden with its capital at Hué. It had been seized by the French...


He was referred to as one of foremost famous generals in Chinese history, not necessarily because of his military achievements -- which were limited -- but because he demonstrated perserverance and respect to his friends and subordinates. His writings were also highly respected. His daughter became empress to Emperor Ming and was highly respected. Format of naming convention in English is under discussion at Wikipedia talk:Naming conventions (Chinese). ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Ma Yuan Summary (958 words)
In 49, Ma, while on expedition against the Wulin tribes (in modern eastern Guizhou and northwestern Hunan), died during the campaign from a plague, which also killed a large number of his soldiers.
Two specific accusations that are known are that Ma, by the route he took against the Wulin tribes, was responsible for the plague, and that he had, while on campaigns, embezzled pearls and rhinoceros horns.
The latter accusation was a misunderstanding in that one of Ma's favorite foods (which he considered capable of warding off plague) was Job's Tears (Chinese pearl barley), produced in southern China and northern Vietnam, which Ma had transported in large quantities back to the capital Luoyang.
CHINESE PAINTING (164 words)
Ma Yuan was noted for the asymmetry of his compositions.
The focus of these paintings is often off to one comer or side (rather than at the center), where a large tree often predominates and threatens to destroy the balance of the composition.
Ma was known in Chinese art history as "one corner Ma" for this technique.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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