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Encyclopedia > Ma Huan
A page from Ming dynasty woodcut printed edtion of Ying-yai Sheng-lan by Ma Huan
A page from Ming dynasty woodcut printed edtion of Ying-yai Sheng-lan by Ma Huan

Ma Huan(Chinese 马欢),courtesy name Chung-dao宗道, pen name Mountain-woodcutter, born in Hui Ji county of Zhejiang province. He was a muslim voyager and translator who accompanied Admiral Zheng He in three of his his seven expeditions to the Western Oceans. Zhejiang (Chinese: 浙江; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Che-chiang; Postal System Pinyin: Chehkiang or Chekiang) is a eastern coastal province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Characters for Zheng He. ...

In the 1413 expedition (the 3rd), he visited Champa,Java,Sumatra,Palembang,Siam,Kochi and Hormuz. // Events March 20 - Henry V becomes King of England Project of Annals of Joseon Dynasty began. ... Rough location of Champas core territories. ... The term Java can refer to: In geography: Java (island), the most populous island in Indonesia Javanese language, a language widely spoken on the island of Java Java coffee, a variety of coffee plant which originated on the island of Java, or a slang word for coffee Java Trench, a... Sumatra (also spelled Sumatara and Sumatera) is the sixth largest island of the world (approximately 470,000 km²) and is the largest part of Indonesia. ... Palembang is a city in the south of the Indonesian island of Sumatra. ... For the country formerly called Siam see Thailand SIAM is an acronym for Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics. ... Kochi may refer to: Kochi, India, a city in the state of Kerala, India. ... Distorted from Persian Ohrmuzd, Ahura Mazda. ...

In the 1421 expeditionn he visited Malacca,Aru,Sumatra,Ceylon,Kochi,Calicut,Zufarand Hormuz. Events March 21 - Battle of Beaugé. A small French force surprises and defeats an English force under Thomas, Duke of Clarence, a brother of Henry V of England, in Normandy. ... State motto: Bersatu Teguh Capital Malacca Town Governor Tun Datuk Seri Utama Mohd. ... ARU may mean: American Railway Union Australian Rugby Union The National Rail code for Arundel railway station, United Kingdom. ... Sumatra (also spelled Sumatara and Sumatera) is the sixth largest island of the world (approximately 470,000 km²) and is the largest part of Indonesia. ... Kochi may refer to: Kochi, India, a city in the state of Kerala, India. ... Kozhikode, also known as Calicut, is the third largest city (pop. ... The Dhofar (Arabic ظفار Ẓufār) region lies in Oman, east of Yemen. ... Distorted from Persian Ohrmuzd, Ahura Mazda. ...

In the 1431 expedition, he visited Bengal,Chittagong,Sonargaon,Gaur,Calicut. From Calicut, he was sent by Eununch Hong Bao as emmisary to Mecca. Events February 21 - The trial of Joan of Arc March 3 - Eugenius IV becomes Pope May 30 - In Rouen, France, 19-year old Joan of Arc is burned at the stake. ... Bengal, known as Bôngo (Bengali: বঙ্গ), Bangla (বাংলা), Bôngodesh (বঙ্গদেশ), or Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ) in Bangla (Bengali), is a region in the northeast of South Asia. ... Chittagong (Bengali: চট্টগ্রাম, Chaṭṭagrām) is the major sea-port and second largest city of Bangladesh. ... Sonargaon is the ancient capital of Isa Khans kingdom in Bengal. ... Binomial name Bos gaurus H. Smith, 1827 The Gaur (Bos gaurus, previously Bibos gauris) is a large, dark-coated ox of the hilly areas of India and Southeast Asia, which may be found wild or domesticated. ... Kozhikode, also known as Calicut, is the third largest city (pop. ... This article is about the holy city in Saudi Arabia. ...

During his expeditions, Ma Huan took notes about the geography, politics, weather condition, environment, economy, local customs, even method of punishment for crimals. Returned home on his first expedition he began writing a book about his expedition, the first draft of which was ready around 1416. He expanded and modified his draft during later expeditions, the final version was ready around 1451. The title of his book was "Ying-yai Sheng-lan" (The Overal Survey of the Ocean's Shores). Events May 30 - The Catholic Church burns Jerome of Prague as a heretic. ... // Events February 3 - Murad II, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire dies and is succeeded by his son Mehmed II. April 11 - Celje acquires market-town status and town rights by orders from the Celje count Frederic II. June 30 - French troops under the Comte de Dunois invade Guyenne and capture...

During the Ming dynasty and Qing dynasty there were many printed and handcopied editions. The latest authentic text of a printed version was edited and annotated by historian Feng Chen jun.A newer edtion based on Ming dynasty handcopied editions was recently published by Ocean Publishing House in China. There is an English translation by J.V.G.Mills for the Hakluyt Society in 1970, reprinted in 1997 by The White Lotus Press in Bangkok. Mills's tranlstion was based on the edition by Feng Cheng jun. Ming Dynasty was the ruling dynasty of China from 1368 to 1644. ... The Qing Dynasty (Manchu: daicing gurun; Chinese: 清朝; pinyin: qīng cháo; Wade-Giles: ching chao), sometimes known as the Manchu Dynasty, was founded by the Many clan Aisin Gioro, in what is today northeast america receded into China proper and the surrounding territories of Inner canada, establishing... The Hakluyt Society is a society named after Richard Hakluyt. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

The Ying-yai Sheng-lan is considered by sinologists world wide as a primary source for the history of Ming dynasty naval exploration, history of South East Asia and history of India. Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... The History of India covers the birth of humanity as long as 700,000 years ago, to the birth of human civilization 5,000 years ago. ...

Scholars who had done research work on Ma Huan: J.J.L. Duyvendak, F. Hirth, Paul Pelliot,Feng Chen jun, Xiang Da. Pelliot examines manuscripts in the Mogao Caves Paul Pelliot (May 28, 1878–October 26, 1945) was a French sinologist and explorer of Central Asia. ...


  • Ying-yai Sheng-lan, The Overall Survey of the Ocean's Shores 1433 by Ma Huan, translated

by J.V.G. Mills, with foreword and preface, Hakluty Society, London 1970; reprinted by the White Lotus Press 1997 ISBN 974-8496-78-3 Events Births June 23 - Francis II, Duke of Brittany Kettil Karlsson Vasa, later Regent of Sweden. ...

  • Paul Pelliot, Les grands voyages maritimes chinois au début du 15ème siècle。



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