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Encyclopedia > Ma'ale Adumim

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Ma'ale Adummim (מעלה אדומים; unofficially also spelled Maale Adumim) is an Israeli settlement in the Judea region of the West Bank, east of Jerusalem. It is considered by some to be a suburb of Jerusalem, mainly because most of its population works in Jerusalem. "It was declared a city in 1991. It is about 50 square kilometres (19 square miles) in size. According to the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), in 2004 the city had a total population of 28,700 ¹. An Israeli settlement refers to a housing development for Israeli Jewish settlers in areas which came under the control of Israel as a result of the 1967 Six-Day War beyond the boundaries defined by the 1949 Armistice Agreements. ... Desert hills in southern Judea, looking east from the town of Arad Judea or Judaea (יהודה Praise, Standard Hebrew , Tiberian Hebrew ) is a term used for the mountainous southern part of historic Palestine, an area now divided between Israel and the West Bank, and, in a few geographical definitions of Judea... Jerusalem and the Old City. ... Israel Central Bureau of Statistics is a state organization for the creation and maintenance of numeric data related to populations vis a vis the ethnic makeup of Israel and its cities. ...


Ma'ale Adummim is one of the largest Jewish communities in the West Bank (Judea and Samaria). It is home to the Adummim Mall as well as shopping centers. It is considered by its residents to have the feel of a major town. Desert hills in southern Judea, looking east from the town of Arad Judea or Judaea (יהודה Praise, Standard Hebrew , Tiberian Hebrew ) is a term used for the mountainous southern part of historic Palestine, an area now divided between Israel and the West Bank, and, in a few geographical definitions of Judea... Samaria, Sumaria or Shomron (Hebrew שֹׁמְרוֹן, Standard Hebrew Šoməron, Tiberian Hebrew Šōmərôn, Arabic سامريّون Sāmariyyūn (but commonly called in Arabic جبال نابلس Jibal Nablus), in the New Testament Greek Σαμαρεία) is a term used for the mountainous northern part of the area on the west bank of the Jordan River. ...

Contents


Demographics

According to the CBS, in 2001 the ethnic makeup of the city was 99.8% Jewish and other non-Arabs, without significant Arab population. There are 75 immigrant residents. See Population groups in Israel. The word Jew (Hebrew: יהודי transliterated: Yehudi) is used in many ways, but generally refers to a follower of Judaism, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity; and often a combination of these attributes. ... The Arabs ((Arabic: عرب ʻarab) are a large ethnic group widespread in the Middle East and North Africa, originating in the Arabian Peninsula of southwest Asia. ... Population groups in Israel are the major ethnic groups of Jews and Arabs. ...


According to the CBS, in 2001 there were 12,700 males and 13,000 females. The population of the city was spread out with 44.1% 19 years of age or younger, 14.2% between 20 and 29, 23.1% between 30 and 44, 12.6% from 45 to 59, 2.1% from 60 to 64, and 3.9% 65 years of age or older. The population growth rate in 2001 was 3.3%.


Income

According to the CBS, as of 2000, in the city there were 9,965 salaried workers and 660 are self-employed. The mean monthly wage in 2000 for a salaried worker in the city is ILS 6,337, a real change of 8.9% over the course of 2000. Salaried males have a mean monthly wage of ILS 8,153 (a real change of 9.0%) versus ILS 4,615 for females (a real change of 6.3%). The mean income for the self-employed is 7,098. There are 396 people who receive unemployment benefits and 388 people who receive an income guarantee. 1 sheqel coin (1994–5). ...


Education

According to the CBS, there are 14 schools and 5,793 students in the city. They are spread out as 10 elementary schools and 3,524 elementary school students, and 7 high schools and 2,269 high school students. 66.9% of 12th grade students were entitled to a matriculation certificate in 2001.


Controversies

Israeli settlements in the West Bank are widely seen by the international community as illegal. Ma'ale Adummim is seen by Palestinians as a major threat to the territorial continuity of any future Palestinian state, given its strategic situation between the northern and southern areas of the West Bank. Its future has been a problematic issue in negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians, as the Israeli government wished to retain a considerable body of undeveloped land around the settlement as part of a final status settlement. Proposals for a Palestinian state vary depending on ones views of Palestinian statehood, as well as various definitions of Palestine and Palestinian (see also State of Palestine). ...


The project, recently supported by Ariel Sharon, to link Ma'ale Adummim to Jerusalem has been criticized by the Palestinian Authority and several other parties, including US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and US President George W. Bush. [1] ▶(?) (Hebrew: אריאל שרון (Arik), born Ariel Scheinermann on February 27, 1928 and often known as Arik) is the eleventh and current Prime Minister of Israel, serving from March 2001. ... Jerusalem and the Old City. ... The West Bank The Palestinian National Authority (PNA or PA) is a semi-autonomous state institution nominally governing the bulk of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip (which it calls the Palestinian Territories). It was established as a part of Oslo accords between the PLO and Israel. ... Condoleezza Rice, Ph. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States since 2001. ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Ma'ale Adummim - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (980 words)
Ma'ale Adummim is one of the largest Jewish communities in the West Bank.
As of 2005, the estimated population of Ma'ale Adummim is 32,000.
Ma'ale Adummim is seen by Palestinians as a threat to the territorial continuity of any future Palestinian state, given its strategic situation between the northern and southern areas of the West Bank.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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