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Image:Msx.png
MSX
Type Home computer
Released 1983 (MSX1)
Discontinued 1995 (MSX turbo R)
Processor Zilog Z80
Memory 16KB ~ 512KB
OS MSX-DOS / MSX BASIC
Sony MSX 1, Model HitBit-10-P
Sony MSX 1, Model HitBit-10-P

MSX was the name of a standardized home computer architecture in the 1980s. It was a Microsoft-led attempt to create unified standards among hardware makers, conceived by one-time Microsoft Japan executive Kazuhiko Nishi. Despite Microsoft's involvement, MSX-based machines were seldom seen in the United States but were hugely popular in other markets. Eventually 5 million MSX-based units were sold world-wide. Official MSX logo This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... TRS-80 Color Computer II The home computer is a consumer-friendly word for the second generation of microcomputers (the technical term that was previously used), entering the market in 1977 and becoming common during the 1980s. ... One of the first Z80 microprocessors manufactured; the date stamp says well before July 1976. ... MSX official logo Sony MSX 1, Model HitBit-10-P MSX is the name of a standard for home computers in the 1980s. ... MSX BASIC is a dialect of the BASIC programming language. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1523x859, 251 KB) Summary This is the picture of a Sony MSX HitBit-10-P I bought in the 80s in Barcelona, Spain. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1523x859, 251 KB) Summary This is the picture of a Sony MSX HitBit-10-P I bought in the 80s in Barcelona, Spain. ... TRS-80 Color Computer II The home computer is a consumer-friendly word for the second generation of microcomputers (the technical term that was previously used), entering the market in 1977 and becoming common during the 1980s. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... The Microsoft Corporation, commonly known as just Microsoft, (NASDAQ: MSFT&selected= MSFT MSFT, HKSE: 4338&WidCoAbbName=&Month=&langcode=e 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual sales of US$44. ... Microsoft Japan is a division of Microsoft based in Japan. ... Kazuhiko Nishi (born 1956 in Japan) worked for Microsoft during the 1980s as Vice President of the Far East operations. ...


Nishi proposed MSX as an attempt to create a single industry standard for home computers. Inspired by the success of VHS as a standard for video cassette recorders, many Japanese electronic manufacturers along with Goldstar, Philips and Spectravideo built and promoted MSX computers. Any piece of hardware or software with the MSX logo on it was compatible with MSX products of other manufacturers. In particular, the expansion cartridge form and function were part of the standard; any MSX expansion or game cartridge would work in any MSX computer. The home computer is a consumer-friendly word for the second generation of microcomputers (the technical term that was previously used), entering the market in 1977 and becoming common during the 1980s. ... Top view VHS cassette with U.S. 25c coin for scale Bottom view of VHS cassette with magnetic tape exposed The Video Home System, better known by its abbreviation VHS or simply as Video, is a recording and playing standard for video cassette recorders (VCRs), developed by JVC (with some... The video cassette recorder (or VCR, less popularly video tape recorder) is a type of video tape recorder that uses removable cassettes containing magnetic tape to record audio and video from a television broadcast so it can be played back later. ... LG Group is a large South Korean chaebol (conglomerate), producing electronics (including domotics), mobile phones, and petrochemical products. ... Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. (Royal Philips Electronics N.V.), usually known as Philips, (Euronext: PHIA, NYSE: PHG) is one of the largest electronics companies in the world. ... Spectravideo, or SVI, was a UK computer company founded in 1977 as SpectraVision. They originally made video games for Atari 2600 and VIC-20. ...


Nishi's standard consisted primarily of several off-the-shelf parts; the main CPU was a 3.58 MHz Zilog Z80, the graphics chip a Texas Instruments TMS9918 with 16 KB of dedicated VRAM, and the sound was provided by the AY-3-8910 chip manufactured by General Instrument (GI). These components alongside Microsoft's MSX BASIC made the MSX a competitive, though somewhat more expensive home computer package. One of the first Z80 microprocessors manufactured; the date stamp says well before July 1976. ... Texas Instruments (NYSE: TXN), better known in the electronics industry (and popularly) as TI, is an American company based in Dallas, Texas, USA, renowned for developing and commercializing semiconductor and computer technology. ... // General information The TMS9918 Video Display Processor (VDP) was used in systems like MSX, Coleco Vision, TI-99 and Sega SG-1000/SC-3000. ... A kilobyte (derived from the SI prefix kilo-, meaning 1000) is a unit of information or computer storage equal to either 1024 or 1000 bytes. ... VRAM an acronym for Video RAM. Generally a term used in computers to describe RAM dedicated to the purpose of displaying bitmap graphics in raster graphics hardware. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with General Instrument AY-3-8910. ... General Instruments Microelectronics was a division of General Instruments Corporation. ... The Microsoft Corporation, commonly known as just Microsoft, (NASDAQ: MSFT&selected= MSFT MSFT, HKSE: 4338&WidCoAbbName=&Month=&langcode=e 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual sales of US$44. ... MSX BASIC is a dialect of the BASIC programming language. ...


Before the appearance and great success of the Nintendo Famicom, MSX was the platform for which major Japanese game studios, such as Konami and Hudson Soft, produced their titles. The Metal Gear and Castlevania series were originally written for MSX hardware. Nintendo Company, Limited (Japanese: 任天堂, ニンテンドー Nintendō; NASDAQ: NTDOY, TYO: 7974 ) is a multinational corporation founded on September 23, 1889[1] in Kyoto, Japan by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce handmade hanafuda cards, for use in a Japanese playing card game of the same name. ... The Nintendo Entertainment System (U.S., Europe, and Australia) NES redirects here. ... Konami Corporation (コナミ) TYO: 9766 (NYSE: KNM) (SGX: K20) is a leading developer and publisher of numerous popular and strong-selling computer and video games. ... Hudson Soft is a Japanese publisher and developer, founded on May 18, 1973. ... One of many logos; used in Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty and the sequel to it. ... Castlevania (キャッスルヴァニア) is a video game series, created and developed by Konami. ...

Contents


History

In the 1980s Japan was in the midst of an economic awakening. Large Japanese electronics firms may have been successful in the early computer market had they made a concerted effort in the late 1970s. Their combined design and manufacturing power could have allowed them to produce competitive machines, but they initially ignored the home computer market and appear to have been hesitant to do business in a market where no industry standard existed. [citation needed] The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, inclusive. ...


When MSX was announced and a slew of big Japanese firms announced their plans to introduce machines, it set off a wave of panic in the U.S. industry [citation needed]. However, the Japanese companies avoided the intensely competitive U.S. home computer market, which was in the throes of a Commodore-led price war. Only Spectravideo and Yamaha briefly marketed MSX machines in the U.S. Spectravideo's MSX enjoyed very little success, and Yamaha's CX5M model, built to interface with various types of MIDI equipment, was billed more as a digital music tool than a standard personal computer. United States is the current Good Article Collaboration of the week! Please help to improve this article to the highest of standards. ... Commodore is the commonly used name for Commodore International, a West Chester, Pennsylvania based electronics company who was a vital player in the home/personal computer field in the 1980s. ... Price war is a term used in business to indicate a state of intense competitive rivalry accompanied by a multi-lateral series of price reductions. ...


Consequently, MSX never became the worldwide standard that its makers had envisioned, mainly because it never took off in the United States. In Japan and South Korea, MSX was the paramount home computer system in the 1980s. It was also popular in The Netherlands, Spain, Brazil, some Arab countries and the Soviet Union. The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Motto: Je Maintiendrai (Dutch: Ik zal handhaven, English: I Shall Uphold) Anthem: Wilhelmus van Nassouwe Capital Amsterdam1 Largest city Amsterdam Official language(s) Dutch2 Government Parliamentary democracy Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Beatrix  - Prime minister Jan Peter Balkenende Independence Eighty Years War   - Declared July 26, 1581   - Recognised January 30, 1648 (by Spain... The Arabs (Arabic: عرب ) are predominantly speakers of the Arabic language, rather than a pure ethnic group, mainly found throughout the Middle East and North Africa. ...


The exact meaning of the 'MSX' abbreviation remains a matter of debate. At the time, most people seemed to agree it meant 'MicroSoft eXtended', referring to the built-in MSX-BASIC programming language, specifically adapted by Microsoft for the MSX system. However, according to Kazuhiko Nishi during a recent visit to Tilburg in the Netherlands, MSX stands for 'Machines with Software eXchangeability'. The MSX-DOS disk operating system had file system compatibility with CP/M and was similar to MS-DOS. In this way, Microsoft could promote MSX for home use while promoting MS-DOS based personal computers in office environments. BASIC (Beginners All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code) is a family of high-level programming languages. ... MSX official logo Sony MSX 1, Model HitBit-10-P MSX is the name of a standard for home computers in the 1980s. ... In computing, a file system is a method for storing and organizing computer files and the data they contain to make it easy to find and access them. ... CP/M is an operating system originally created for Intel 8080/85 and Zilog Z80 based microcomputers by Gary Kildall of Digital Research, Inc. ... Microsofts disk operating system, MS-DOS, was Microsofts implementation of DOS, which was the first popular operating system for the IBM PC, and until recently, was widely used on the PC compatible platform. ... Microsofts disk operating system, MS-DOS, was Microsofts implementation of DOS, which was the first popular operating system for the IBM PC, and until recently, was widely used on the PC compatible platform. ...


MSX spawned four generations: MSX 1 (1983), MSX 2 (1986), MSX 2+ (1988) and MSX turbo R (1990). The first three were 8-bit computers based on the Z80 microprocessor, while the MSX turbo R was based on an enhanced Zilog Z800 known as the R800. The Turbo R was introduced in 1990 but was unsuccessful due to a lack of support and the rise in popularity of the by then well-stabilished IBM PC Compatible market. Production of the Turbo R ended in 1995. 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Microprocessors, including an Intel 80486DX2 and an Intel 80386. ... The Zilog Z800 was a 16-bit microprocessor designed by Zilog to be released in 1985. ... The R800 is the CPU used in the MSX turboR. It was designed by ASCII, and the goals were to have the fastest CPU possible, while mantaining compatibilty with old MSX hardware and software. ... This article is about the year. ... One of the first PCs from IBM - the IBM PC model 5150. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In total, 5 million MSX computers were sold making it extremely popular in comparison to other home-computers. Notable examples are the very popular Apple II, whith a production totalling 2 million units, and the TRS-80 with only 250,000 units sold. The Apple II was one of the most popular personal computers of the 1980s. ... TRS-80 Model I. TRS-80 (also affectionately or derisively known as the Trash-80) was the designation for several lines of desktop microcomputer systems produced by the Tandy Corporation and sold through its RadioShack stores in the late-1970s and 1980s. ...


MSX Revival

This article or section documents a current event in computer or video gaming.
Information may change rapidly as the event progresses.

In 2001, Kazuhiko Nishi initiated an 'MSX Revival' around an official MSX emulator called 'MSX PLAYer'. This is the only official MSX emulator. All MSX copyrights are maintained by the MSX Association. In 2004, the Dutch company Bazix announced they had become the representatives of MSX Association in Europe. Apart from being the English contact for any questions regarding the MSX trademarks and copyrights (licensing) they will also introduce WOOMB.net, a website where MSX games will be sold. In Japan game sales have already begun, through the company D4 Enterprise with their Project EGG. The same company announced (in August 2006) the launch of a new MSX2 compatible system called the "one chip-MSX", a system based on an FPGA. Image File history File links Wikinews_waves_Left. ... Image File history File links Nuvola_apps_package_games. ... Image File history File links Wikinews_waves_Right. ... This article needs a complete rewrite for the reasons listed on the talk page. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... An emulator reproducing a console games playable atmosphere on a Windows computer. ... Copyright symbol. ... World map showing Europe Political map Europe is one of the seven traditional continents of Earth; the term continent here referring to a cultural and political distinction, rather than a physiographic one, thus leading to various perspectives about Europes precise borders. ... A field-programmable gate array or FPGA is a gate array that can be reprogrammed after it is manufactured, rather than having its programming fixed during the manufacturing — a programmable logic device. ...


Recently, Nintendo of Japan posted on its Virtual Console webpage that MSX games will be available for Wii's Virtual Console. Wii (pronounced as the word we, IPA: ) is Nintendos seventh-generation video game console. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


MSX trivia

  • The birthday of the MSX Home Computer Standard is June 27th, 1983, the day it was formally announced during a press-conference.
  • MSX 1 computers were very similar to the Colecovision video game system. They shared the same CPU and video processors. Their sound processors were also very similar. A Colecovision emulator for the MSX exists.
  • By far, the most popular and famous MSX games were written by Japanese software-house Konami.
  • As the MSX's processor, the Zilog Z80A could address up to 64 kB of memory, the default allocation (used in most, if not all models) was with the lower 32 kB for ROM BASIC and the upper 32 kB for RAM. Machines intended to run MSX-DOS (a CP/M-like system) had 64 kB RAM, but the lower 32 kB were disabled in order for the ROM BASIC to function. When the computer booted MSX-DOS, the ROM BASIC was disabled and all of the 64 kB address space was mapped to RAM.
  • Among MSX-DOS compatible software (directly ported from CP/M) there was dBase II, Turbo Pascal version 3 and Wordstar. Therefore, in the late 80's, several Brazilian companies used an MSX system as their "corporate" computer. As an MSX 1 could display only 40×25 text, there were expansion kits that upgraded the display to 80×25, giving MSX a more professional appeal. MSX 2 & up were never manufactured by the main companies (Gradiente and Sharp) in Brazil. Much of the market was created alone by Ademir Carchano (MSX Projetos et al) which created most of the aftermarket hardware for MSX, including the MegaRAM cartridge (a way to copy and play MegaROM games), the MSX 2.0 and 2+ conversion kits and IDE interfaces. Although cheaper IBM-PC clones eventually dominated the market, the MSX remained somewhat popular, with hardware being created and sold for substantial prices for some time afterwards.
  • MSX 1 games were published mainly on cartridge and cassette tape. Later in the 1980s the MSX 2 was released, which generally included 3.5" disk drives, and consequently the popular media for games and other software shifted to diskettes.
  • The MSX 3.5" floppy disks, at least those formatted under MSX-DOS 2.0, were directly compatible with MS-DOS (although some details like file undeletion and boot sector code were different). [1]

June 27 is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 187 days remaining. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A CBS ColecoVision unit The ColecoVision was Coleco Industries third-generation home video game console, released in August of 1982. ... Konami Corporation (コナミ) TYO: 9766 (NYSE: KNM) (SGX: K20) is a leading developer and publisher of numerous popular and strong-selling computer and video games. ... dBASE III The correct title of this article is dBASE. The initial letter is capitalized because of technical restrictions. ... Turbo Pascal 3. ... WordStar was a word processor application, published by MicroPro, originally written for the CP/M operating system but later ported to DOS, that enjoyed a dominant market share during the early-to-mid-1980s. ...

Franchises established on the MSX

Several popular video game franchises were established on the MSX: This is a list of video game franchises organised alphabetically by name. ...

Others got various installments on the MSX, including some titles unique to the system or largely different to the games on other formats: Dragon Quest ), known as Dragon Warrior in North America until the 2005 release of Dragon Quest VIII, is a series of role playing games created by Enix (now known as Square Enix). ... One of many logos; used in Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty and the sequel to it. ... Puyo Puyo (ぷよぷよ, called Puyo Pop in the US) is a computer puzzle game made in 1991 by Compile. ... This article needs copyediting (checking for proper English spelling, grammar, usage, tone, style, and voice). ... Wizardry is a series of computer role-playing games, developed by Sir-Tech, that were popular in the 1980s. ... Ys , IPA: ) is a Japanese-origin computer role-playing game series, and Nihon Falcoms flagship franchise. ...

Aleste ( Japanese: アレスタ) is the first game in the Aleste Series. ... Dragon Slayer is a computer role-playing game published in 1984 by Falcom on the NEC PC8801 computer system, giving rise to a series of sequels, all created by Falcom. ... Golvellius is an action adventure game for the Japanese MSX home computer system. ... Gradius ) is a horizontally-scrolling shoot em up released by Konami in 1985 for video arcades. ... Castlevania (キャッスルヴァニア) is a video game series, created and developed by Konami. ... Vampire Killer (1986) is a game for the MSX2 home computer, produced by Konami and released in Japan, Europe and Brazil. ... Zanac is an arcade-style video game, a vertical scrolling shooter. ...

Manufacturers of MSX computers

Spectravideo, or SVI, was a UK computer company founded in 1977 as SpectraVision. They originally made video games for Atari 2600 and VIC-20. ... Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. (Royal Philips Electronics N.V.), usually known as Philips, (Euronext: PHIA, NYSE: PHG) is one of the largest electronics companies in the world. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Old logo New logo Sanyo Electric Co. ... Mitsubishi Logo The Mitsubishi Group ), Mitsubishi Group of Companies, or Mitsubishi Companies, all refer to a large grouping of independently operated Japanese companies which share the Mitsubishi brand name. ... Toshiba Corporations headquarters in Hamamatsucho, Tokyo Toshiba Corporation sales by division for year ending March, 31 2005 Toshiba Corporation ) (TYO: 6502 ) is a Japanese high technology electrical and electronics manufacturing firm, headquartered in Tokyo, Japan. ... It has been suggested that Hitachi Works be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Matsushita Electric Industrial Co. ... Panasonic is principal sponsor of the Toyota F1 team Panasonic was also the name of a road bicycle racing team and a Finnish electronic music duo. ... Canon Inc. ... Casio Computer Co. ... Pioneer Corporation (TYO: 6773), NYSE: PIO is a Japanese world leader in digital entertainment products, based in Tokyo, Japan. ... For the district in Saga, Japan, see Fujitsu, Saga. ... The Yamaha Corporation (ヤマハ株式会社; TYO: 7951 ) is a Japanese company with a large number of product areas. ... Kyocera Corporation (京セラ, Kyō-Sera, also known as Kyoto Ceramics) TYO: 6971, (NYSE: KYO) is a Japanese company based in Kyoto, Japan. ... Goldstar may refer to one of the following: GoldStar, an electronics brand name used by the LG Group until the late 1990s Goldstar beer (Israel) Goldstar (DC Comics), a character in Lobo comics This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Samsung Group is one of the largest South Korean business groupings. ... This article is about the chaebol Daewoo Group. ... Gradiente is a Brazilian consumer electronics company based in São Paulo. ... Sharp Corporation (シャープ株式会社 Shāpu Kabushiki Kaisha) (TYO: 6753) is a Japanese electronics manufacturer, founded in 1912. ... Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. (Royal Philips Electronics N.V.), usually known as Philips, (Euronext: PHIA, NYSE: PHG) is one of the largest electronics companies in the world. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Old logo New logo Sanyo Electric Co. ... Samsung Group is one of the largest South Korean business groupings. ... Mitsubishi Logo The Mitsubishi Group ), Mitsubishi Group of Companies, or Mitsubishi Companies, all refer to a large grouping of independently operated Japanese companies which share the Mitsubishi brand name. ... Victor (from vincere to conquer, own3dz all victory) is a first name normally given to boys. ... Victor Company of Japan, Limited ) (TYO: 6792 ), usually referred to as JVC, is a Japanese consumer and professional electronics corporation based in Yokohama, Japan which was founded in 1927. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Matsushita Electric Industrial Co. ... Panasonic is principal sponsor of the Toyota F1 team Panasonic was also the name of a road bicycle racing team and a Finnish electronic music duo. ... Categories: Stub | Companies of Japan | Photography companies | Companies traded on the Tokyo Stock Exchange ... The Yamaha Corporation (ヤマハ株式会社; TYO: 7951 ) is a Japanese company with a large number of product areas. ... This article is about the chaebol Daewoo Group. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Old logo New logo Sanyo Electric Co. ... Panasonic is principal sponsor of the Toyota F1 team Panasonic was also the name of a road bicycle racing team and a Finnish electronic music duo. ... Panasonic is principal sponsor of the Toyota F1 team Panasonic was also the name of a road bicycle racing team and a Finnish electronic music duo. ...

System specs

MSX 1

Philips MSX 1, Model VG-8020
Philips MSX 1, Model VG-8020

Image File history File linksMetadata MSX_Philips_VG8020. ... Image File history File linksMetadata MSX_Philips_VG8020. ... One of the first Z80 microprocessors manufactured; the date stamp says well before July 1976. ... Read-only memory (ROM) is a class of storage media used in computers and other electronic devices. ... Phoenix AwardBIOS CMOS Setup utility on a standard PC BIOS, in computing, stands for Basic Input/Output System or Basic Integrated Operating System. ... MSX BASIC is a dialect of the BASIC programming language. ... Random-access memory (usually known by its acronym, RAM) refers to data storage formats and equipment that allow the storing data to be accessed in any order — that is, at random, not just in sequence. ... The Video Display Processor (VDP) of a computer is a dedicated processor that takes care of the video output of the system. ... // General information The TMS9918 Video Display Processor (VDP) was used in systems like MSX, Coleco Vision, TI-99 and Sega SG-1000/SC-3000. ... The AY-3-8912 was a 3-voice sound chip designed by General Instruments. ...

MSX 2

  • Processor: Zilog Z80A running at 3.58 MHz
  • ROM: 48 kB
    • BIOS + Extended BIOS (32 kB)
    • MSX BASIC V2.0 (16 kB)
    • DiskROM (16 kB) (optional)
    • MSX-Audio BIOS (32 kB) (optional)
  • RAM: commonly 128 kB (64 kB on Japanese computers, Sony HB-F700P had 256 kB)
  • Video Display Processor: Yamaha V9938 (aka MSX-Video)
    • Video RAM: 128 kB (sometimes 64 kB or 192 kB)
    • Text modes: 80×24 and 32×24
    • Resolution: 512×212 (16 colours out of 512) and 256×212 (256 colours)
    • Sprites: 32, 16 colours, max 8 per horizontal line
    • Hardware acceleration for copy, line, fill, etc.
    • Interlacing to double vertical resolution
    • Vertical scroll register
  • Sound chip: General Instrument AY-3-8910 (PSG)
    • 3 channels + noise
  • Clock chip RP5C01

One of the first Z80 microprocessors manufactured; the date stamp says well before July 1976. ... Read-only memory (ROM) is a class of storage media used in computers and other electronic devices. ... Phoenix AwardBIOS CMOS Setup utility on a standard PC BIOS, in computing, stands for Basic Input/Output System or Basic Integrated Operating System. ... MSX BASIC is a dialect of the BASIC programming language. ... Random-access memory (usually known by its acronym, RAM) refers to data storage formats and equipment that allow the storing data to be accessed in any order — that is, at random, not just in sequence. ... Memory-mapped I/O (MMIO) and port I/O (also called port-mapped I/O or PMIO) are two complementary methods of performing input/output between the CPU and I/O devices in a computer. ... A Video Display Processor (VDP) used in MSX 80s home computers. ... Interlace is a technique of improving the picture quality of a video transmission without consuming any extra bandwidth. ...

MSX 2+

  • Only officially released in Japan (available in Europe and Brazil via upgrades)
  • Processor: Zilog Z80 compatible running at 3.58 MHz or more (5.37 MHz versions were available)
  • ROM: 64 kB
    • BIOS + Extended BIOS (32 kB)
    • MSX BASIC V3.0 (16 kB)
    • DiskROM (16 kB)
    • Kun-BASIC (16 kB) (optional)
    • Kanji ROM (optional)
  • RAM: commonly 64 kB (on Japanese computers)
    • Memory mapped (4 MB/slot max)
  • Video Display Processor: Yamaha V9958 (aka MSX-Video)
    • Video RAM: 128 kB
    • Text modes: 80×24 and 32×24
    • Resolution: 512×212 (16 colours out of 512) and 256×212 (19268 colours)
    • Sprites: 32, 16 colours, max 8 per horizontal line
    • Hardware acceleration for copy, line, fill, etc.
    • Interlacing to double vertical resolution
    • Horizontal and vertical scroll registers
  • Sound chip: General Instrument AY-3-8910 (PSG)
    • 3 channels + noise
  • Optional sound chip: Yamaha YM2413 (OPLL) (MSX-Music)
    • 9 channels FM or 6 channels FM + 5 drums
    • 15 pre-set instruments, 1 custom
  • Clock chip RP5C01

MSX BASIC is a dialect of the BASIC programming language. ... A Video Display Processor (VDP) used in MSX 80s home computers. ... The YM2413, also called OPLL, is a cost-reduced sound chip manufactured by Yamaha Corporation and based on their YM3812 (OPL2). ...

MSX turbo R

  • Only released in Japan
  • Processor: R800 and Zilog Z80 running respectively at 29 MHz and 7.14 MHz
  • ROM: 96 kB
    • BIOS + Extended BIOS (48 kB)
    • MSX BASIC V4.0 (16 kB)
    • DiskROM (16 kB)
    • Kun-BASIC (16 kB)
    • Kanji ROM (256 kB)
    • Firmware (4 MB)
  • RAM: 256 kB (FS-A1ST) or 512 kB (FS-A1GT)
    • Memory mapped (4 MB/slot max)
    • Additionally 16 kB (FS-A1ST) or 32 kB (FS-A1GT) of SRAM (battery-powered)
  • Video Display Processor: Yamaha V9958 (aka MSX-Video)
    • Video RAM: 128 kB
    • Text modes: 80×24 and 32×24
    • Resolution: 512×212 (16 colours out of 512) and 256×212 (19768 colours)
    • Sprites: 32, 16 colours, max 8 per horizontal line
    • Hardware acceleration for copy, line, fill, etc.
    • Interlacing to double vertical resolution
    • Horizontal and vertical scroll registers
  • Sound chip: General Instrument AY-3-8910 (PSG)
    • 3 channels + noise
  • Sound chip: Yamaha YM2413 (OPLL) (MSX-Music)
    • 9 channels FM or 6 channels FM + 5 drums
    • 15 pre-set instruments, 1 custom
  • Sound chip: PCM
    • 8-bit single channel (no DMA), 16 kHz max using BIOS routines.
    • Microphone built-in
  • Sound chip: MIDI in/out (FS-A1GT only)
  • Clock chip

The R800 is the CPU used in the MSX turboR. It was designed by ASCII, and the goals were to have the fastest CPU possible, while mantaining compatibilty with old MSX hardware and software. ... MSX BASIC is a dialect of the BASIC programming language. ... A six-transistor CMOS SRAM cell. ... A Video Display Processor (VDP) used in MSX 80s home computers. ... The YM2413, also called OPLL, is a cost-reduced sound chip manufactured by Yamaha Corporation and based on their YM3812 (OPL2). ... 4-bit PCM of a signal (red) Pulse-code modulation (PCM) is a digital representation of an analog signal where the magnitude of the signal is sampled regularly at uniform intervals, then quantized to a series of symbols in a digital (usually binary) code. ...

Emulators

MSX computers are one of the most emulated platforms today. It was emulation of MSX machines that started the current emulation scene, mainly due to the work of Marat Fayzullin on the Z80 emulation[citation needed]. This article is about emulation in computer science. ... One of the first Z80 microprocessors manufactured; the date stamp says well before July 1976. ...

  • fMSX (homepage): A portable MSX emulator by Marat Fayzullin
    • The first widespread MSX emulator and the most ported one
    • Offers accurate MSX, MSX 2 and MSX 2+ emulation with sound
    • Source is available in a commercially restricted license (free ports are allowed and encouraged)
    • The majority of MSX emulators today were more or less based on the fMSX source code
  • blueMSX (homepage): Considered by many the best MSX emulator[1]
    • A fairly new MSX emulator (development started September 2003) initially based on Marat Fayzullin's fMSX
    • Perfect looking emulation of MSX, MSX 2, MSX 2+, MSX turboR, Colecovision and Spectravideo
    • Very accurate sound emulation
    • Many unique emulation features such as ethernet emulation, video recording, digitizing, and theme based user interface
    • Open source (GPL) since v2.0, which didn't use Marat Fayzullin code anymore
  • OpenMSX (homepage): The MSX emulator that aims for perfection
    • Open source (GPL) MSX emulator with some unique features (script based operation, command interface via pipes/socket, etc.)
    • Extremely accurate MSX, MSX 2, MSX 2+ and turboR emulation
  • BrMSX: discontinued
    • The fastest MSX and MSX 2 emulator ever, written entirely in Assembly for DOS only
    • BrMSX author, Ricardo Bittencourt, is now part of the blueMSX development team
  • CJS MSX Emulator (homepage): discontinued
    • Along with fMSX was one of the very first successful MSX emulators
    • Unlike fMSX the code was not portable and is compatible only with IBM-PC running DOS
    • Fast MSX and MSX 2 emulation with good sound support
  • fMSX for Series 60 (homepage) by Juha Riihimäki
    • Very interesting port of the famous fMSX emulator for the Nokia Series 60 based devices
  • NLMSX (homepage)
    • A basic, fairly accurate MSX, MSX 2, MSX 2+ and turboR emulator based on fMSX 2.0b
  • NO$MSX (homepage) by Martin Korth
    • A decent MSX and MSX 2 emulator aimed to be more of a serious development tool than just an emulator
    • Has a very useful and comfortable debugger and is written entirely in Assembly language to run smoothly on a 33 MHz PC.
  • paraMSX: fMSX port by Yeongman Seo
    • Was one of the best fMSX ports for Windows in its time
  • RuMSX (homepage): Turbo-R emulator
    • One of the older MSX, MSX 2, MSX 2+ and turboR emulators
    • Had very nice sound support for its time
    • Very intuitive user interface
    • The first MSX emulator with turboR support
  • RedMSX (homepage): blueMSX derivative
    • Started out as a hack on blueMSX to add zipped ROM support and the SCALE2X [2] graphical enhancement algorithm
    • Added support for zipped DSK (disk images), lightguns and drag-and-drop launching of zip files
    • While blueMSX compiles only with Microsoft Visual Studio .Net, RedMSX will compile with Microsoft Visual C/C++ 6.
    • RedMSX's CPU load is very low (even less than blueMSX) making it run fast and accurately even in older, inexpensive hardware

fMSX is a portable MSX emulator written by Marat Fayzullin, one of the pioneers of modern computer emulation. ... blueMSX is an open source MSX emulator that uses a unique emulation model to achieve the highest level of accuracy possible. ... Open source refers to projects that are open to the public and which draw on other projects that are freely available to the general public. ... openMSX is an open source MSX emulator that uses a unique emulation model and tries to achieve the highest level of accuracy possible. ... Logo of BrMSX. BrMSX is an MSX emulator for DOS, written by Ricardo Bittencourt. ... Assembly language refers to a class of low-level languages used to write computer programs, or to a particular such language. ... The IBM PC (Personal Computer), was the original version and progenitor of the IBM PC compatible hardware platform. ... Nokia Corporation (NYSE: NOK) is the worlds largest manufacturer of mobile telephones (as of June 2006), with a global market share of approximately 34% in Q2 of 2006[1]. It produces mobile phones for every major market and protocol, including GSM, CDMA, and W-CDMA (UMTS). ... This article or section should be merged with Nokia Series 60 Series 60 is a user interface for mobile phones that is developed and marketed by Nokia. ... The ZIP file format is a popular data compression and archival format. ...

Peripherals

MSX-Audio

  • Yamaha Y8950, also known as:
    • Panasonic: MSX-Audio (standard name)
    • Philips: Music Module (no MSX-Audio BIOS)
    • Toshiba: MSX FM-synthesizer Unit (no sample RAM, no MSX-Audio BIOS)
  • 9 channels FM or 6 channels FM + 5 drums
  • ADPCM record and play
  • 32 kB of sample RAM, which can be upgraded to 256 kB

The abbreviations FM, Fm, and fm may refer to: Electrical engineering Frequency modulation (FM) and its most common applications: FM broadcasting, used primarily to broadcast music and speech at VHF frequencies FM synthesis, a sound-generation technique popularized by early digital synthesizers Science Femtometre (fm), an SI measure of length... Pulse-code modulation (PCM) is a modulation technique. ...

MSX-Music

  • Yamaha YM2413 (OPLL), also known as:
    • MSX-Music (standard name)
    • Panasonic: FM-PAC
    • Zemina: Music Box
    • Checkmark: FM-Stereo-Pak
  • 9 channels FM or 6 channels FM + 5 drums
  • 15 pre-set instruments, 1 custom
  • Built-in in many MSX 2+ computers and the MSX turbo R

The YM2413, also called OPLL, is a cost-reduced sound chip manufactured by Yamaha Corporation and based on their YM3812 (OPL2). ... The abbreviations FM, Fm, and fm may refer to: Electrical engineering Frequency modulation (FM) and its most common applications: FM broadcasting, used primarily to broadcast music and speech at VHF frequencies FM synthesis, a sound-generation technique popularized by early digital synthesizers Science Femtometre (fm), an SI measure of length...

See also

Computing hardware has been an important component of the process of calculation and data storage since it became useful for numerical values to be processed and shared. ... Zemmix, trade mark and brand name of South Korean electronics company Daewoo Electronics Co. ... A video game console is a dedicated electronic machine designed to play video games. ... This is the list of MSX games. ... Front view; it is a large camera. ... The single-lens reflex camera, more commonly known by the abbreviation SLR, uses a mirror placed between the lens and the film to project the image seen through the lens to a matte focusing screen. ... A camera is a device used to take pictures (usually photographs), either singly or in sequence, with or without sound recording, such as with video cameras. ... Canon Inc. ... Screen shot of the SymbOS Desktops on the Amstrad CPC Screen shot of the MSX version of SymbOS SymbOS is a free multitasking operating system for Z80 based 8-bit computer systems. ... In computing, multitasking is a method by which multiple tasks, also known as processes, share common processing resources such as a CPU. In the case of a computer with a single CPU, only one task is said to be running at any point in time, meaning that the CPU is... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

References

  1. ^ The MSX Resource Center Foundation has published a comparison of various prominent MSX emulators

External links

Commons logo
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  • MSX Resource Center
  • The MSX Files
  • The Ultimate MSX FAQ
  • Generation MSX
  • MSX Association
  • ASCII Corporation
  • Sunrise Foundation — The main hardware producer and software distributor for MSX, which amongst others made and sells the famous MoonSound and Graphics9000 boards. Also creator of the popular CompactFlash IDE interface.
  • MSX Projetos — Brazilian site (Portuguese language). Still produces MSX hardware, including accelerated MSX 2+ motherboards (ACE001@10 MHz). Has an ongoing project called CIEL 3++ for a new, and far more powerful, generation of MSX hardware.
  • HispaMSX BBS — MSX support BBS over TCP/IP. Operate on the BBS from any computer system, even your MSX. Telnet to bbs.hispamsx.org to get access.
  • MSX Posse forum — One of the most interesting forums about MSX.
  • Karoshi's Development Board — A MSX forum mainly about programming.
  • MSX.bas — A Portuguese website focusing completely on development in MSX-BASIC.
  • MSX page on Meilink.net — A fan page about MSX and Konami Games on MSX.
  • MSX Italia Mailing List — Best Italian Mailing List

  Results from FactBites:
 
DOAG: Oyster Diseases (1458 words)
MSX is lethal to the eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica), but it is not known to be harmful to humans.
MSX infection is transmissible from oyster to oyster.
MSX disease does not lower the market value of the oyster, and highly susceptible oysters remain in good condition very close to death.
MSX Midcourse Space Experiment (826 words)
MSX represents the first system demonstration in space of technology to identify and track ballistic missiles during their midcourse flight phase.
During its primary mission, or "cryogen" phase, MSX is designed to gather data on backgrounds and to detect and track test-ICBMs launched from the Western Test Range(WTR) and targeted at the Kwajalein Missile Range in the Pacific.
MSX is capable of observations at a wide range of infrared, visible and ultraviolet wavelengths from 110 nano-meters to 28 micro-meters.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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