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Encyclopedia > MSHAA

The Missouri State High School Activities Association (MSHSAA) is the governing body for all high school activities throughout the state of Missouri. 580 schools claim membership in MSHSAA, spread out among several classes by size. The number of classes varies by the number of schools that participate in a sport: for example, girls' field hockey and lacrosse only have one class because very few schools offer these sports, while basketball (far and away the most popular sport) has five classes, numbered from "1" (smallest schools) to "5" (biggest). Football is an exception to this rule, as it has six classes plus Eight-man football, which have a capped number of schools (either 32 or 64) due to its playoff format. Official language(s) English Capital Jefferson City Largest city Kansas City Largest metro area Greater St. ... Eight-man football is a type of American football, generally played by small high schools. ...


Prior to 2003, the classes were divided into four classes from "A" to "AAAA" (popularly referred to as "1A" to "4A").


The organization was formed in 1926 by a number of schools, both public and private, to oversee state tournaments. Its first final was in boys' basketball, held that year at Washington University in St. Louis. MSHSAA removed the color barrier in 1952, allowing schools from the MNIAA (Missouri Negro Interscholastic Athletic Association) to join. In the late 1960s, the group unified football tournaments (previously only held locally) to form the state championship we know today, arguably its biggest achievement. Its current president is Kerwin Urhahn, from the Southwest district of the state. Its headquarters are in Columbia. 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar). ... Washington University in St. ...

Contents

Sponsored sports

MSHSAA sponsors 13 sports statewide: baseball, basketball, cross country, football (both 11-man and 8-man), golf, girls' lacrosse, soccer, softball, swimming, tennis, track and field, wrestling, and girls' volleyball. It also "endorses" championships in boys' volleyball and girls' field hockey (which are primarily played in St Louis and thus not statewide sponsored), and runs competitions in music, speech/debate, and academic competition (quizbowl). A view of the playing field at Busch Memorial Stadium, St. ... Sara Giauro shoots a three-point shot, FIBA Europe Cup for Women Finals 2005. ... The Minnesota State High school Cross Country Meet A cross country race in Seaside, Oregon. ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... Eight-man football is a type of American football, generally played by small high schools. ... Golf is a sport in which individual players or teams hit a ball into a hole using various clubs, and also is one of the few ball games that does not use a fixed standard playing area. ... A womens lacrosse player carries the ball past a defender. ... Football (soccer) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Softball is an activity that came from baseball, in which a ball, eleven to twelve inches (or rarely, 16 inches) (28 to 30. ... This article concentrates on human swimming. ... For other uses, see Tennis (disambiguation). ... Athletics, also known as track and field or track and field athletics, is a collection of sport events. ... Ancient Greek wrestlers (Pankratiasts) Wrestling is the act of physical engagement between two competitors competing for a physical advantage. ... Volleyball is an Olympic sport in which two teams separated by a high net use their hands, arms or (rarely) other parts of their bodies to hit a ball back and forth over the net. ... A game of field hockey in progress Field hockey is a popular sport for men and women in many countries around the world. ... Churchill College - Cambridge plays York on University Challenge, a televised quizbowl programme. ...


Finals sites

Competition Location City
Baseball Taylor Stadium Columbia
Basketball Mizzou Arena Columbia
Music University of Missouri Columbia
Speech/Debate University of Missouri Columbia
Softball Rainbow Softball Centre at Cosmo Park Columbia
Quiz Bowl Rock Bridge High School Columbia
Wrestling Mizzou Arena Columbia
Soccer/Field Hockey Anheuser-Busch Centre Fenton
Cross Country Oak hills Golf Center Jefferson City
Track and Field Lincoln University Jefferson City
Golf Various courses Springfield
Tennis Cooper Tennis Complex Springfield
Eight-man football Missouri Western State University St. Joseph
Swimming Rec-Plex St. Peters
Boy's Volleyball Rotating sites St. Louis
Football Edward Jones Dome St. Louis
Girl's Lacrosse Francis Field St. Louis
Girl's Volleyball University of Central Missouri Warrensburg

Taylor Stadium is a stadium in Columbia, Missouri. ... Mizzou Arena is an indoor arena on the campus of the University of Missouri in Columbia, Missouri. ... The University of Missouri–Columbia is a public land-grant university and is Missouris largest university and public research institution. ... The University of Missouri–Columbia is a public land-grant university and is Missouris largest university and public research institution. ... Rock Bridge High School is located in southern Columbia, Missouri. ... Mizzou Arena is an indoor arena on the campus of the University of Missouri in Columbia, Missouri. ... Fenton or F-town is a city in St. ... Location Government Country  State   County United States  Missouri   Cole   Callaway Mayor John Landwehr Geographical characteristics Area  - City    - Land    - Water 73. ... Lincoln University is the name of a university in New Zealand and several in the United States: Lincoln University (California) Lincoln University (Missouri) Lincoln University (New Zealand) Lincoln University (Pennsylvania) See also: University of Lincoln This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might... Location Government Country  State   County United States  Missouri   Cole   Callaway Mayor John Landwehr Geographical characteristics Area  - City    - Land    - Water 73. ... Springfield is the third largest city in Missouri. ... Springfield is the third largest city in Missouri. ... Missouri Western State University is a public four-year college in Saint Joseph, Missouri. ... Saint Joseph (also known as St. ... St. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Edward Jones Dome is a 66,000 seat football stadium in St. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Francis Field is a stadium in St Louis. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The University of Central Missouri (formerly Central Missouri State University) is a four-year public institution offering a diverse range of academic concentrations. ... Warrensburg is a city located in Johnson County, Missouri. ...

Criticism

MSHSAA has come under fire for some of its policies, including the "250-mile rule", which states that "a team may not compete in an event where more than one other team is participating within a 250-mile radius of the Missouri state line". Track, cross-country, academic team, and swimming coaches have decried this rule for being biased towards sports such as football and basketball, where it would be impossible to play 2 teams at the same time, but restrict them from going to large meets such as the Penn Relays. The Penn Relays (also Penn Relays Carnival) is the oldest and largest track and field carnival in the United States, hosted annually since April 21, 1895 by the University of Pennsylvania at Franklin Field in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ...


Some schools, notably in Kansas City where Rockhurst High School is powerful in local athletics, have proposed separate playoffs for public and private schools in some sports (mostly soccer). This, however, has met resistance from most of the other parts of the state, especially St. Louis where the gulf between public and private schools is less noticeable than in KC. Instead of separate championships, MSHSAA uses a 1.35 multiplier for school enrollments in determining classes for private schools. In addition, like in most other states, the enrollments of single-sex schools are doubled to better reflect how they would compete against co-ed public schools (hence, the "largest" school in the state according to MSHSAA's method is De Smet Jesuit of St. Louis, which is listed as having over 3,000 students when in reality about 1,200 boys attend the school). The most recent time the issue of a public/private split came up was in 2007, when a petition originated by Belle High School near Jefferson City was put to a vote by a group of public school athletic directors in St. Louis. While some believed that it would have a larger amount of support the athletic directors as well as the state board gave it a vote of no confidence before it went to the schools. When the results were tabulated, the petition was defeated by a landslide (over 200 votes), although the small schools vowed to continue by pushing for other plans such as putting all private schools in one or two districts and having those winners play each other at the earliest possible stage, or limiting the area from which public schools can accept students that can play sports for them. Nickname: Location in Jackson, Clay, Platte, and Cass Counties in the state of Missouri. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Location Government Country  State   County United States  Missouri   Cole   Callaway Mayor John Landwehr Geographical characteristics Area  - City    - Land    - Water 73. ...


The football playoff format, where one team advances out of four- or five-team districts to a final knockout competition, has been subject to the wrath of many in almost every corner of the state, especially in 2005 when three teams ranked in the top 10 in St. Louis (Vianney, Lindbergh, and SLUH) were kept out of the playoffs because they were in a "group of death" with Kirkwood High School, who beat all three schools soundly in district play: oddly enough, De Smet, the eventual state champion, was beaten by SLUH and Vianney during "regular-season" play. Basketball playoffs have been seen in the same light. For example, in 2007 one district in Class 4 contained St. Charles West, St. Charles, and St. Francis Borgia, all of whom were at one point in the season ranked in the top 10 in the state. Also, boys' soccer has been seen as having region-based seedings which attempt to eliminate as many private schools from St. Louis as possible, which has led to many #1-#2 matchups between such powerhouses as SLUH, De Smet, CBC or Chaminade in districts or the Round of 16 rather than the finals. MSHSAA has responded to these criticisms by forming a committee to devise a new playoff system in 2006. The group proposed expanding the football knockout stage from 8 teams to 16 by including the top two finishers in a district instead of only the winner, which was approved by the membership and will take effect on an experimental basis in 2008. Address 1311 S. Kirkwood Rd. ... Lindbergh High School is located at 4900 South Lindbergh Boulevard in St. ... Address 4970 Oakland Avenue City St. ... Group of death is an informal sobriquet used in football (soccer) to describe a situation that often occurs during the group stage of a tournament (such as the first round of the World Cup), where all the teams present in one group are considered to be roughly equal in skill... Address 233 N. New Ballas Road City Creve Coeur, Missouri 63141 Established 1967 Type Private College Prep President Fr. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Founded in 1910, Chaminade College Preparatory School is an independent Catholic school for boys in grades six through twelve. ...


Other criticisms levied against the organization include that girls' lacrosse is recognized by MSHSAA, while boys' lax, despite having far more schools sponsor it, has to turn to the Missouri Scholastic Lacrosse Association for a tournament. Similarly, ice hockey is run by the Mid-States Club Hockey Association, while field hockey is state-endorsed (meaning that MSHSAA runs a tournament for St. Louis schools but does not have full statewide competition). Girls' swimming was moved to the winter season effective 2006-7 so that athletes could be able to swim club tournaments, while moving water polo to spring, which effectively displaced male swimmers. Competitive cheerleading was removed from the list of sponsored sports in 2006 after the dramatic fall and injury of a Southern Illinois University-Carbondale cheerleader, and MSHSAA now recognizes cheerleading as only a "sideline activity." Since MSHSAA took over Academic Competition/quizbowl for the 1995-96 school year, numerous restrictions have been implemented that treat it as an injury-inducing sport, which restrict otherwise qualified teams from attending national competitions or competitions on certain dates. These are but a few of many allegations that MSHSAA does not care about non-athletic activities. Also, there is a feeling in the bigger cities that smaller, "out state" schools hold a disproportionate amount of power and that the organization is hardly "voluntary" since virtually every school in Missouri is a part. This "voluntary" nature of MSHSAA makes it less subject to legal rulings regarding constitutional rights of equal protection and the First Amendment, among others. Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... Water polo is a team water sport, which can be best described as a combination of swimming, handball and wrestling. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Equal Protection Clause is a part of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, providing that no state shall make or enforce any law which shall. ... The first ten Amendments to the U.S. Constitution make up the Bill of Rights. ...


External links

  • MSHSAA web site

 
 

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