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Encyclopedia > MOTAT

The Museum of Transport and Technology (MOTAT) is a museum located in Western Springs, Auckland, New Zealand. It is located close to the Western Springs Stadium, Auckland Zoo and the Western Springs Park. The museum has large collections of civilian and military aircraft and other land transport vehicles. An ongoing programme is in place to restore and conserve items in the collections. This work is largely managed by volunteers many of whom have been associated with MOTAT for several decades. Since the passing of the Museum of Transport and Technology Act in 2000, new management and the support of full-time professional museum staff has ensured the Museum's future. New public programmes and facilities now promote the collections. The Louvre Museum in Paris, one of the largest and most famous museums in the world. ... Western Springs is a residential suburb and park in the west of the city of Auckland in the north of New Zealand. ... Schematic map of Auckland. ... Western Springs Stadium is an entertainment venue in Auckland, New Zealand that consists of a natural amphitheatre. ... Auckland Zoological Park is situated next to Western Springs, close to the Auckland central business district. ... Willows in Western Springs Park, looking east Western Springs is a residential suburb and park in the west of the city of Auckland in the north of New Zealand. ...

Contents

MOTAT 1 - Great North Road

MOTAT 1 was established on the site of a beam engine pump house, which originally provided Auckland's water supply (system similar to a Markfield Beam Engine). The beam and wheel are turned and a restoration to steaming condition is underway. A range of other early steam engines are kept in running order including a triple expansion engine. The remains of a beam engine at Wanlockhead A beam engine is a design of stationary steam engine. ... This This 100 horse-power Beam Pumping Engine was built in 1886 to transfer 4 million gallons per day of sewage into the London system for treatment at the Beckton outfall works. ...


Exhibits include trains, trams, vintage traction engines, carriages, cars, buses, trolleybuses and trucks, particularly fire engines, electrical equipment, space flight exhibits including a Corporal rocket and general science exhibits. There is also a 'colonial village' of early shops and houses, including a fencible cottage and a blacksmith shop. The American-made MGM-5 Corporal missile was the first guided weapon authorised by the US to carry a nuclear warhead. ... The Sea Fencibles was a naval force that worked to protect the United Kingdom from 1793 to 1802. ... A blacksmith A blacksmith at work A blacksmith at work A blacksmiths fire Hot metal work from a blacksmith A blacksmith is a person who creates objects from iron or steel by forging the metal; i. ...


The 'Pioneers of Aviation' Pavilion holds memorabilia of early aviators. The displays include the engine, propeller and other remains of Richard Pearse's 3rd aircraft, (together with research supporting the claim that he made uncontrolled hops/flights prior to the Wright brothers), a replica of the craft which was flown and his 3rd aircraft (an attempt at a VTOL tilt rotor craft). The pavillon also holds relics from the Walsh Brothers' flights and school, and a library and archive of transport resources named in memory of the Walsh Brothers available to all MOTAT visitors and via the MOTAT website for virtual visitors. Also celebrated is Charles Kingsford-Smith's trans-Tasman flight in the Southern Cross, Jean Batten's England - New Zealand flight and later record breaking efforts (her Percival Gull is exhibited at Auckland International Airport). The larger civil aviation exhibits continue over at MOTAT 2 with displays relating to the Pan American Airways and Imperial Airways flying boats of the late 1930s and TEAL flying boats of the 40s and 50s. Richard Pearse For the film director, see Richard Pearce. ... The Wright brothers, Orville (August 19, 1871–January 30, 1948) and Wilbur (April 16, 1867–May 30, 1912), are Americans generally credited with making the first controlled, powered, heavier-than-air human flight on December 17, 1903. ... Vertical Take-Off and Landing (VTOL) describes airplanes that can lift off vertically. ... Sir Charles Edward Kingsford Smith (February 9, 1897 - November, 1935), often called Charles Kingsford-Smith, or by his nickname Smithy, was the best-known early Australian aviator, completing the first non-stop crossing of the Australian mainland, the first flight from Australia to New Zealand, and the first to complete... The Southern Cross at an RAAF base near Canberra in 1943. ... Jean Gardner Batten (September 15, 1909 – November 22, 1982) was a New Zealand aviator, born in Rotorua. ... Percival Gull British low wing wood and fabric 3-4 seat civil monoplane first flown in 1932, powered by an aircooled inline engine. ... Auckland International Airport (IATA: AKL, ICAO: NZAA) is the largest and busiest international airport in New Zealand serving over 12 million passengers a year, which is expected to more than double in the next 15 years. ... Pan American World Airways (Pan Am) was the United States principal international airline from the 1930s until its collapse in 1991, and was credited with many innovations that shaped the international airline industry. ... The Imperial Airways Empire Terminal, Victoria, London. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link is to a full 1930 calendar). ... Tasman Empire Airways Limited (TEAL) was the forerunner of Air New Zealand. ...


Trams are displayed at MOTAT 1 and operate daily between MOTAT 1's Great North Road Site and Auckland Zoo in Motions Road. The line however is currently being extended. As of early 2007, it is nearing completion, which will allow trams to operate between MOTAT 1 and 2, stopping at Auckland Zoo in between. Auckland Zoological Park is situated next to Western Springs, close to the Auckland central business district. ...


MOTAT 2 - Motions Rd / Meola Road

An Avro Lancaster bomber at MOTAT 2.
An Avro Lancaster bomber at MOTAT 2.
A Short Solent flying boat at MOTAT 2.
A Short Solent flying boat at MOTAT 2.

Also known in the past as the 'Sir Keith Park Memorial Airfield', named after Keith Park, the Battle of Britain and Battle of Malta hero, MOTAT's aviation collection is on a separate site, neighbouring the Waitemata harbour and Auckland Zoo. It contains memorials to Fleet Air Arm and Bomber Command pilots, radar and other aviation related material, as well as workshops for work on other vehicles, but the main feature is the collection of New Zealand's civil and some Royal New Zealand Air Force aircraft. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 298 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 298 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Avro Lancaster was a British four-engine Second World War bomber aircraft made initially by Avro for the British Royal Air Force (RAF). ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 225 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 225 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Short Solent was a passenger flying boat produced in the late 1940s, developed from the Short Seaford or Short Sunderland Mark IV military flying boat design, (which was too late to serve in World War II). ... Air Chief Marshal Sir Keith Rodney Park GCB, KBE, MC, DFC, DCL (June 15, 1892 - February 6, 1975) was a senior commander in the Royal Air Force in World War II. // Early Life and Army Career Park was born near Auckland, New Zealand. ... Combatants United Kingdom Including combatants from:[1] Poland New Zealand Canada Czechoslovakia Belgium Australia South Africa France Ireland United States Jamaica Palestine Rhodesia Germany Including combatants from Italy Commanders Hugh Dowding Hermann Göring Albert Kesselring Strength 754 single-seat fighters 149 two-seat fighters 560 bombers 500 coastal 1... The naval Battle of Malta took place on July 8, 1283 in the entrance to Grand Harbor, Valetta, when a galley fleet commanded by Roger of Lauria (Ruggiero di Lauria) defeated a fleet of Angevin galleys commanded by William Cornut and Bartholomew Bonvin. ... Waitemata can be: Waitemata Harbour, a large bay in New Zealand Waitemata City, a local government body on the shores of Waitemata Harbour, now part of Waitakere. ... Auckland Zoological Park is situated next to Western Springs, close to the Auckland central business district. ... The Fleet Air Arm is the operational group of the Royal Navy responsible for the operation of the aircraft on board their ships. ... Bomber Command is an organizational military unit, generally subordinate to the air force of a country. ... The Royal New Zealand Air Force (RNZAF) is the air force arm of the New Zealand Defence Force. ...


MOTAT 2 also has an operational railway with 1 km of track, holt stations and a selection of former New Zealand Government Railways, light industrial locomotives, wagons and carriages.


Collections

MOTAT features several major collections of transport vehicles:


Click on the collection name for indepth artefact information

  • Aircraft collection - houses New Zealand's largest collection of civil and military aircraft, all with genuine New Zealand aviation pedigrees. These range from relics from Richard Pearse's first 1903 aircraft and an interpretive replica, as well as a large part of his original third vertical takeoff aircraft. 1930's Fox and Tiger Moths, 1930's Rapide, Short Solent 1940s double decked flying boat, from New Zealand's first International Airline TEAL, a Short Sunderland marine patrol flying boat, De Havilland Mosquito wooden fighter bomber, a restored 1940s Avro Lancaster bomber, Douglas DC-3 Dakota through to a De Havilland Vampire 1950s jet fighter and a RNZN Westland Wasp maritime helicopter.
  • Railway locomotives collection - includes seven steam locomotives from an pioneering 1874 NZR F class to the iconic NZR K class steam locomotive, smaller branch line, industrial and logging tank locomotives. Also six diesel, petrol and petrol electric locomotives, including the NZR DA class which was built to replace the mighty K class from the 1950s through the 1970s and became the most prolific mainline locomotive in New Zealand. The collection also includes stations, carriages, wagons and other rolling stock.
  • Tram collection - displays and operates twenty one electric, steam and cable trams, support equipment and vehicles from former New Zealand tramway systems of Auckland, Wellington, Wanganui and the Mornington Cable tram system in Dunedin. Auckland's electric tram system was opened in 1902 and the final closure was in Wellington in 1964. An 1883 Dunedin Cable Car trailer is the sole South Island tramway exhibit and there are additional trams from Melbourne, Australia. The museum is one of only four operational Museum and Heritage Tramways in New Zealand.
  • Trolleybus collection - this collection contains a representative cross-section of trolleybuses which operated in Auckland between 1938 and 1980. First used on a 1 km department store-operated route in central Auckland from 1938, the trolleybus system later duplicated and then replaced the aging tram system between 1949 and 1956. The trolleybuses were in turn replaced by diesel buses in 1980.

This list collects the transport-related vehicles exhibited or owned by the Museum of Transport and Technology (MOTAT) in Auckland, New Zealand. ... The Short Solent was a passenger flying boat produced in the late 1940s, developed from the Short Seaford or Short Sunderland Mark IV military flying boat design, (which was too late to serve in World War II). ... Tasman Empire Airways Limited (TEAL) was the forerunner of Air New Zealand. ... The S.25 Sunderland was a flying boat patrol bomber developed for the Royal Air Force by Short Brothers, first flown on 16 October 1937. ... The de Havilland Mosquito (The Wooden Wonder, also known as The Timber Terror) was a British combat aircraft that excelled in a number of roles during the Second World War. ... The Avro Lancaster was a British four-engine Second World War bomber aircraft made initially by Avro for the British Royal Air Force (RAF). ... The Douglas DC-3 is a fixed-wing, propeller-driven aircraft, which revolutionized air transport in the 1930s and 1940s and is generally regarded as one of the most significant transport aircraft ever made (also see Airbus A380, Boeing 707 and Boeing 747). ... The de Havilland Vampire, or DH.100, was the second jet-engined aircraft commissioned into the Royal Air Force during World War II (the first being the Gloster Meteor), although it did not see combat in that conflict. ... Westland Wasp The Westland Wasp was a general purpose helicopter, basically a derivative of the British Army Scout helicopter, with the requirement of being small enough to land on Royal Navy frigates. ... This list collects the transport-related vehicles exhibited or owned by the Museum of Transport and Technology (MOTAT) in Auckland, New Zealand. ... The F class was the first important class of steam locomotive built to operate on New Zealands railway network after the national gauge of 1067 millimetres (3 feet 6 inches) was adopted. ... The NZR K class of 1932 was a class of steam locomotive that operated on New Zealands railway network with a wheel arrangement of 4-8-4. ... The NZR DA class was the most numerous class of locomotive to run on New Zealands national railway network. ... This list collects the transport-related vehicles exhibited or owned by the Museum of Transport and Technology (MOTAT) in Auckland, New Zealand. ... This list collects the transport-related vehicles exhibited or owned by the Museum of Transport and Technology (MOTAT) in Auckland, New Zealand. ... White Motor Company, American automobile manufacturers In 1876, Thomas H. White incorporated his business in Cleveland, Ohio, as the White Sewing Machine Co. ... Bedford is the county town of Bedfordshire, England. ... Grafton Bridge spanning Grafton Gully. ... This page is about the Mercedes-Benz brand of automobiles and trucks from the DaimlerChrysler automobile manufacturer. ... This list collects the transport-related vehicles exhibited or owned by the Museum of Transport and Technology (MOTAT) in Auckland, New Zealand. ...

Tram service

Tramlines were laid within the museum boundaries and trams commenced operation in Saturday 16 December 1967 on sleepered track set under bitumen. The Museum tramline was extended beyond the Museum grounds along Gt North Road and opened 19 December 1980, with further extension along Motions Road to the Auckland Zoo, commencing services Saturday 05 December 1981, using rail set in mass concrete. The tram line has been further extended in 2006/7 to MOTAT 2 to the aviation hangar, a further 620 metres down Motions Road, with services due to commence on the extended line from late March 2007. The tramway is dual gauge employing 4 foot and 4 foot 8 1/2 inches gauges, the rail welded and set in mass concrete.


Trams are operated daily between MOTAT, along side the Western Springs Park and precinct to the Auckland Zoo. In late March 2007 the tramway extension currently under test between the Auckland Zoo to MOTAT 2 will be opened, connecting both sites. The Museum admission includes the tram ride and casual tram passengers may purchase cash fares on board the trams.[1]


References

  1. ^ Tramway & Tramcars (from the official mueseum website)

External links

  • MOTAT - Museum of Transport and Technology (official website)

 
 

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