FACTOID # 10: The total number of state executions in 2005 was 60: 19 in Texas and 41 elsewhere. The racial split was 19 Black and 41 White.
 
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Encyclopedia > MKAD
Major MKAD interchange in southern Moscow
Major MKAD interchange in southern Moscow

MKAD is a beltway encircling the City of Moscow. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... MKAD is the name of the beltway that goes around Minsk, Belarus. ... A sign on the Hampton Roads Beltway in Virginia, United States, traveling on the outer loop (counterclockwise). ... Position of Moscow in Europe Coordinates: Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Government  - Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Area  - City 1,081 km²  (417. ...


The name is a transliteration of the Russian word МКАД, an acronym for Московская Кольцевая Автомобильная Дорога (Moscow Automobile Ring Road). It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Backronym and Apronym (Discuss) Acronyms and initialisms are abbreviations, such as NATO, laser, and ABC, written as the initial letter or letters of words, and pronounced on the basis of this abbreviated written form. ...


The growth of vehicular traffic in and around Moscow in the 1950s made the city planners realize that the Russia's largest metropolis needed a bypass to redirect incoming traffic from major roads that run through the city. Opened in 1961, the MKAD had four lanes of asphalt running exactly 109 kilometers along the city borders. Although not yet a freeway, it featured interchanges at major junctions, very few traffic lights and a speed limit of 100 km/h. Among drivers it was known as "The Road of Death". Athens Auckland Bangkok Beirut Berlin Buenos Aires Calgary Chicago Denver Detroit Frankfurt am Main Hong Kong Jakarta Johannesburg Karachi London Los Angeles Madrid Manila Melbourne Mexico City Miami Montreal Mumbai Moscow New York City Osaka Paris Santiago Seattle São Paulo Seoul Shanghai Singapore Sydney Tel Aviv Tokyo Toronto Vancouver... A bypass is a road or highway that avoids (bypasses) a built-up area, town, or village, to let through traffic flow without interference from local traffic, to reduce congestion in the built-up area, and to improve road safety. ... Base layer of asphalt concrete in a road under construction. ... For specific systems, such as the Autobahns of Germany, see list of highway systems with full control of access and no cross traffic. ... High-capacity freeway interchange in Los Angeles, California. ... An intersection of roads. ... Traffic lights can have several additional lights for filter turns or bus lanes. ...

Zero point of MKAD
Zero point of MKAD

For a long time the MKAD served as the administrative boundary of Moscow city, until in the 1980s Moscow started annexing territory outside of the beltway. In December 2002 Bulvar Dmitriya Donskogo became the first Moscow Metro station that opened beyond the limits of MKAD. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Bulvar Dmitriya Donskogo (Russian: Бульвар Дмитрия Донского) is a station on the Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya Line of the Moscow Metro subway station. ... A current official map of the Moscow Metro. ...


In 1995-1997 the road was widened from the initial four to ten lanes, while all intersections became grade-separated, bridges were built to accommodate pedestrians, traffic lights were removed, and a solid concrete barrier was installed in the median. In 2001 all slow-moving vehicles were banned from entering the MKAD and the renovated road received a freeway designation from the mayor's office. In the field of road transport, an intersection is a road junction where two or more roads either meet or cross at grade (they are at the same level). ... High-capacity freeway interchange in Los Angeles, California. ... On an expressway, motorway, or autobahn, the median (North American English) or central reservation (British English) is the strip of grass or the wall which separates opposing lanes of traffic. ... For specific systems, such as the Autobahns of Germany, see list of highway systems with full control of access and no cross traffic. ...


External links

  • The MKAD on Google Maps.
  • A view of the MKAD from the pedestrian bridge.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Russian Military, Foreign Policy, NATO (983 words)
It is all the more amazing because the 16-hour traffic jam on the MKAD — an event which, among many other things, led frantic parents to entrust their children to passing strangers and left one man dead of a heart attack — passed virtually unnoticed here.
He pointed his 1998 silver Subaru station wagon east until he reached the MKAD interchange, where he entered, heading north.
But the MKAD is fenced in by tall, soundproofing walls, leaving no discreet place to seek relief.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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