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Encyclopedia > MINUSTAH
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The United Nations Stabilization Mission In Haiti or MINUSTAH (the acronym for "Mission des Nations Unies pour la stabilisation en Haïti", the French name) is the mission of the United Nations which, according to its mandate from the Security Council, is required "to concentrate the use of its resources, including civilian police, towards increasing security and protection during the electoral period" and "to assist with the restoration and maintenance of the rule of law, public safety and public order in Haiti."[1] Critics argue that the mission's main purpose is to suppress popular opposition to the interim government and to give an impression of legitamacy to the imperialist agenda of France, Canada, and the U.S., the three countries responsible for orchestrating the overthrow of the elected Haitian government in 2004. The MINUSTAH was established by UN Security Council Resolution 1542 on April 30, 2004 because the Security Council deemed the situation in Haiti to be a "threat to international peace and security in the region." Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Main articles: League of Nations & History of the United Nations The term United Nations was coined by Franklin D. Roosevelt during World War II, to refer to the Allies. ... The United Nations Security Council is the most powerful organ of the United Nations. ... For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). ... The 2004 Haiti rebellion was a conflict fought for several weeks in Haiti during February 2004 that resulted in the premature end of President Jean-Bertrand Aristides second term, and the installment of an interim government led by Gerard Latortue. ... April 30 is the 120th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (121st in leap years), with 245 days remaining, as the last day in April. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In the recent past, independent human rights organizations have accused MINUSTAH and the Haitian National Police (HNP) of collaborating in numerous atrocities against civilians [2] [3] [4]. The UN, after repeatedly denying having taken the lives of any civilians, later admitted that civilians may have been killed, but argued that this was not intentional, and that it occurred as a by-product of their crackdown on what they call "gangs". [5] [6]


In early 2005, MINUSTAH force commander Lieutenant-General Augusto Heleno Ribeiro Pereira testified at a congressional commission in Brazil that "we are under extreme pressure from the international community to use violence,” citing Canada, France, and the United States [7]. Later in the year, he resigned, and on September 1, 2005, was replaced by General Urano Teixeira da Matta Bacellar as force commander of MINUSTAH. On January 7, 2006, Bacellar killed himself in his hotel room. His replacement, Chilean General Eduardo Aldunate Herman [8] has been criticized for having been trained at the School of the Americas, and for having served in the brutal forces of Augusto Pinochet. [9] Lieutenant General is a military rank used in almost every country in the world. ... September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... General is a high military rank, used by nearly every country in the world. ... General Urano Teixeira da Matta Bacellar was a Brazilian soldier. ... January 7 is the seventh day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Western Hemisphere Institute for Security Cooperation (WHISC), formerly School of the Americas (SOA), is a US Army facility at Fort Benning in Columbus, Georgia, USA. It is a training facility operated in the Spanish language especially for Latin American military personnel. ... General Augusto José Ramón Pinochet Ugarte (born November 25, 1915) was head of the military government that ruled Chile from 1973 to 1990. ...

Contents


Statistics

According to the UN Facts and Figures Page:

  • Location : Haiti
  • Headquarters : Port-au-Prince
  • Duration : June 2004 to present
  • Special Representative of the Secretary-General : Juan Gabriel Valdés (Chile)
  • Principal Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General : Hocine Medili (Algeria)
  • Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General : Adama Guindo (Mali)
  • Force Commander : General Eduardo Aldunate Herman (Chile) (Appointed)
  • Police Commissioner : David Beer (Canada)

Categories: Caribbean geography stubs | Capitals in North America | Haiti ... 2004 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December See also: June 2004 in sports Deaths in June • 28 Anthony Buckeridge • 26 Naomi Shemer • 26 Yash Johar • 22 Bob Bemer • 22 Thomas Gold • 22 Francisco Ortiz Franco • 16 Thanom Kittikachorn • 10 Ray Charles • 5 Ronald Reagan... General is a high military rank, used by nearly every country in the world. ...

Strength

Total initially authorized strength


Up to 6,700 military personnel; 1,622 civilian police, 548 international civilian personnel, 995 local civilian staff and 154 UN Volunteers. This group of political volunteers is working to promote voter turn-out. ...


Temporary reinforcement

On 22 June 2005, the Security Council, by its resolution 1608, decided that for a temporary period MINUSTAH would consist of a miliatry component of up to 7,500 troops of all ranks and of up to 1,897 civilian police, and requested the Secretary-General to devise a progressive drawdown strategy of the MINUSTAH force levels for the post-election period, in accordance with the situation on the ground. June 22 is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 192 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Current strength

(30 April 2005) April 30 is the 120th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (121st in leap years), with 245 days remaining, as the last day in April. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


7,495 total uniformed personnel, including 6,207 troops and 1,288 civilian police, supported by 408 international civilian personnel, about 800 local civilian staff and 134 United Nations Volunteers


Contributors of military personnel

Argentina, Benin, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Croatia, Ecuador, France, Guatemala, Jordan, Morocco, Nepal, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Spain, Sri Lanka, United States and Uruguay


Contributors of civilian police personnel

Argentina, Benin, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Canada, Chad, Chile, China, Egypt, El Salvador, France, Ghana, Guinea, Jordan, Mali, Mauritius, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Philippines, Portugal, Romania, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Spain, Sri Lanka, Togo, Turkey, United States, Uruguay and Zambia


Fatalities

General Urano Teixeira da Matta Bacellar was a Brazilian soldier. ...

Financial Aspects

Method of financing

Assessments in respect of a Special Account.


Approved budget

1 July 2004 - 30 June 2005: $379.05 million Budget generally refers to a list of all planned expenses and revenues. ...


July 6, 2005 Incident

Main articles: 2005 July 6 United Nations assault on Cité Soleil, Haiti, and [[{{{2}}}]], and [[{{{3}}}]], and [[{{{4}}}]], and [[{{{5}}}]]

On July 6, 2005, MINUSTAH carried out a raid in the Cite Soleil section of Port-au-Prince. MINUSTAH spokespeople claimed that the raid targeted a base of illegally armed rebels. Reports from pro-Lavalas sources contend that the raid targeted civilians and was an attempt to destroy the popular support for Haiti's exiled former leader, Jean-Bertrand Aristide, before scheduled upcoming elections. July 6 is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 178 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Before dawn 6 July 2005, more than 300 heavily-armed United Nations peacekeeping troops in Haiti carried out a major military operation in Cité Soleil, a densely populated residential neighborhood – one of the poorest comunities in Port-au-Prince and a stronghold of support for Lavalas and ousted President Jean... July 6 is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 178 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Categories: Caribbean geography stubs | Capitals in North America | Haiti ... Fanmi Lavalas is a political party in Haiti. ... Jean-Bertrand Aristide Jean-Bertrand Aristide (born July 15, Haitian politician and former priest who was President of Haiti in 1991, from 1994 to 1996, and again from 2001 to 2004. ...


Estimates on the number of fatalities range from 5 to as high as 80, with the higher numbers being claimed by those reporting that the raid targeted civilians. All sources agree that no MINUSTAH personnel were killed. All sources also agree that Dread Wilme (birthname Emmanuel Wilmer) was killed in the raid. MINUSTAH spokespeople called Wilme a "gangster." Other sources, such as the pro-Aristide Haitian Lawyers Leadership Network call Wilme a community leader and a martyr. This article lacks information on the importance of the subject matter. ... This article lacks information on the importance of the subject matter. ... Jean-Bertrand Aristide Jean-Bertrand Aristide (born July 15, Haitian politician and former priest who was President of Haiti in 1991, from 1994 to 1996, and again from 2001 to 2004. ... This article lacks information on the importance of the subject matter. ... Historically, a martyr is a person who dies for their religious faith, such as during the persecution of early Christians in the Roman Empire. ...


The incident became a focal point for groups who oppose the MINUSTAH occupation of Haiti and who support the return of President Aristide. MINUSTAH has also been accused by opponents of standing by and allowing the Haitian National Police to commit atrocities and massacres against Lavalas supporters and Haitian citizens opposed to the current occupation. Jean-Bertrand Aristide Jean-Bertrand Aristide (born July 15, Haitian politician and former priest who was President of Haiti in 1991, from 1994 to 1996, and again from 2001 to 2004. ...


Second raid

On January 6, 2006, U.N. mission head Juan Gabriel Valdes announced that MINUSTAH forces would launch another raid on Cite Soleil. Dismissing fears by human rights groups that more civilians will be killed, Valdes said, "We are going to intervene in the coming days. I think there'll be collateral damage but we have to impose our force, there is no other way,". [10]


Sources

Jean-Bertrand Aristide Jean-Bertrand Aristide (born July 15, Haitian politician and former priest who was President of Haiti in 1991, from 1994 to 1996, and again from 2001 to 2004. ... Médecins Sans Frontières (abbreviated MSF; known as Doctors Without Borders in the United States, as Médicos Sin Fronteras in the Spanish language and as Médicos Sem Fronteiras in Portuguese language) is a nonprofit private organisation created in 1971 by a small group of French doctors led... July 6 is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 178 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Fanmi Lavalas is a political party in Haiti. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Botched Job: The UN and the Hatian Elections (2967 words)
Secondly, MINUSTAH frequently acts in consort with the renegade local police force, and almost never investigates the majority of human rights violations, nor does the on-site representative of the Secretary-General speak out forcibly and consistently against the daily transgressions of the disreputable Latortue regime, including unlawful arrests and extrajudicial killings.
These disturbing reports about MINUSTAH’s shocking role, and the questionable conduct of the UN’s administrative office representing Secretary General Kofi Annan, which has turned out to be all but invisible on the island, certainly doesn’t conform to the mission’s supposed goal to secure and stabilize the environment for ordinary Haitians.
UN spokesman David Wimhurst’s declaration that MINUSTAH’s mission “was to verify that the voting centers [that] the electoral council had selected physically existed…it has never been our job to determine the location of voting centers,” was a blatantly obvious attempt to exonerate MINUSTAH’s clear abdication of responsibility.
MINUSTAH - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (564 words)
The United Nations Stabilization Mission In Haiti or MINUSTAH (the acronym for "Mission des Nations Unies pour la stabilisation en Haïti", the French translation) is the mission of the United Nations designed to secure and stabilize the situation in Haiti, support the transitional government, and protect the human rights of Haitians.
The MINUSTAH was established by UN Security Council Resolution 1542 on April 30, 2004 because the Security Council deemed the situation in Haiti to be a "threat to international peace and security in the region."
MINUSTAH spokespeople called Wilme a "gangster." Other sources, such as the pro-Aristide Haitian Lawyers Leadership Network call Wilme a community leader and a martyr.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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