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Encyclopedia > MII (videocassette format)

Note: The MII video tape format is not to be confused with Panasonic's M2 videogame console The Panasonic M2 was a videogame console design developed by 3DO and then sold to Matsushita (known internationally as Panasonic) for $100,000,000. ... The Nintendo GameCube is an example of a popular video game console. ...

The official logo for the MII videocassette format (courtesy Panasonic)
The official logo for the MII videocassette format (courtesy Panasonic)

MII is a professional videocassette format developed by Panasonic in 1986 as their answer & competitive product to Sony's Betacam SP format. It was technically similar to Betacam SP, using metal-formulated tape loaded in the cassette, and featuring component video recording. The official logo for the M-II videocassette format. ... The video cassette recorder (or VCR, less popularly video tape recorder) is a type of video tape recorder that uses removable cassettes containing magnetic tape to record audio and video from a television broadcast so it can be played back later. ... Panasonic is principal sponsor of the Toyota F1 team Panasonic is a brand used by Matsushita, a Japanese company, to market its products throughout the world. ... Sony Corporation (Japanese katakana: ソニー) (TYO: 6758), (NYSE: SNE) is a global consumer electronics corporation based in Tokyo, Japan. ... Betacam is a family of half-inch professional videotape formats developed by Sony from 1982 onwards. ... Component video is a type of video information that is transmitted or stored as two or more separate signals (as opposed to composite video, such as NTSC or PAL, which is a single signal). ...

MII is sometimes incorrectly referred to as M2, the official name uses Roman numerals, and is pronounced "em two". And much like Betacam SP being an improved version of its predecessor Betacam (both originally derived from Betamax) with higher video and audio quality, MII was an enhanced and improved version of it's predecessor as well, the failed M format (both originally derived from VHS). The system of Roman numerals is a numeral system originating in ancient Rome, and was adapted from Etruscan numerals. ... Betacam and VHS size comparison Betacam SP L, Betacam SP S, VHS Betacam is a family of half-inch professional videotape formats developed by Sony from 1982 onwards. ... Sonys Betamax is the 12. ... An M-format (aka Hawkeye, aka Recam) videocassette recorder. ... Top view VHS cassette with US Quarter for scale Bottom view of VHS cassette with magnetic tape exposed The Video Home System, better known by its acronym VHS, is a recording and playing standard for video cassette recorders (VCRs), developed by JVC (ironically, with some of its critical technology under...

Unlike M, MII was somewhat successful when it was first launched, with customers like NBC in the USA and NHK in Japan using it for news gathering, and PBS in the USA using it in the late 1980s to delay their network programming by 3 hours for later airing on the West Coast. But MII also suffered from lackluster marketing, and a lack of customer support & public relations from Panasonic/Matsushita. This resulted in MII not being nearly as successful as Betacam SP. The 1986 Peacock logo, designed by Chermayeff & Geismar. ... NHK NHK (日本放送協会, Nippon Hōsō Kyōkai), or Japan Broadcasting Corporation, is Japans public broadcaster. ... PBS re-directs here; for alternate uses see PBS (disambiguation) PBS logo The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is a non-profit public broadcasting television service with 349 member TV stations in the United States. ...

MII is not widely used nowadays, and spare parts as well as tapes for the format are now hard to come by. But used MII equipment can be had for quite affordable prices (under $1000 for a decent MII VCR) on the used professional video equipment market.

See also

An M-format (aka Hawkeye, aka Recam) videocassette recorder. ...

External links

  • List of Videotape formats, with a mention on MII (http://www.terraguide.com/Formats.html)

  Results from FactBites:
VHS - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3014 words)
VHS became a standard format for consumer recording and viewing in the 1980s and 1990s after competing in a fierce format war with Sony's Betamax and, to a lesser extent, Philips' Video 2000.
In the original VHS format, audio was recorded unmodulated in a single (monaural) linear track at the upper edge of the tape, which was limited in frequency response by the tape speed (about 100Hz-8Khz with 42dB S/N ratio at SP).
As mentioned, VHS was the winner of a protracted and somewhat bitter format war during the early 1980s against Sony's Betamax format.
  More results at FactBites »



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