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Encyclopedia > MGM v. Grokster
MGM Studios, Inc. v. Grokster, Ltd.

Supreme Court of the United States

Argued March 29, 2005

Decided pending

Full case name: Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios, Inc., et al. v. Grokster, Ltd., et al.
Citations: Case no. 04-0480, decision pending
Prior history: Motion to dismiss denied, 243 F. Supp. 2d 1073 (C.D. Cal. 2003); summary judgment granted in part to defendants, 259 F. Supp. 2d 1029 (C.D. Cal. 2003); plaintiffs' motion to dismiss counterclaims granted in part, 269 F.Supp.2d 1213 (C.D. Cal. 2003); affirmed, 380 F.3d 1154 (9th Cir. 2004); certiorari granted, 125 S. Ct. 686 (2004)
Subsequent history: none
decision pending
Court membership
Chief Justice: William H. Rehnquist has served as the Chief Justice of the United States since 1986. William Hubbs Rehnquist (born October 1, 1924) is an American jurist. He is a former law clerk and Assistant Attorney General and has served as the 16th Chief Justice of the United States since he... William Rehnquist
Associate Justices: Justice John Paul Stevens John Paul Stevens (born April 20, 1920) is an American jurist who has been a U.S. Supreme Court Associate Justice since 1975. Stevens was born in Chicago, Illinois. He married Maryan Mulholland, and has four children: John Joseph (deceased), Kathryn, Elizabeth Jane, and Susan Roberta... John Paul Stevens, Justice Sandra Day OConnor Sandra Day OConnor (born March 26, 1930) has been an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States since 1981. She was the first woman to serve on the Court. Due to her case-by-case approach to jurisprudence and her relatively... Sandra Day O'Connor, Justice Antonin Scalia Antonin Scalia (born March 11, 1936) has been a US Supreme Court Associate Justice since 1986. He is widely considered the leading conservative voice on the Court. Antonin Scalia was born in Trenton, New Jersey. His mother, Catherine, was born in the United States; his father, S... Antonin Scalia, Justice Anthony Kennedy Anthony McLeod Kennedy (born July 23, 1936) has been a US Supreme Court Associate Justice since 1988. Kennedy was born in Sacramento, California. He has no relation to the famous Kennedy family of American politics. He married Mary Davis and has three children. He received his B... Anthony Kennedy, David Hackett Souter (born September 17, 1939) has been a US Supreme Court Associate Justice since 1990. He filled the seat vacated by William J. Brennan. Souter was born in Melrose, Massachusetts. He was the only child of Joseph A. Souter and Helen Hackett Souter. His father was a banker... David Souter, Justice Clarence Thomas Clarence Thomas (born June 23, 1948) is an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. He is considered to be part of the conservative wing in the current court. He is the second African-American to serve on the nations highest court and... Clarence Thomas, Ruth Joan Bader Ginsburg (born March 15, 1933) is a United States jurist. Since 1993, she has served as an Associate Justice on the U.S. Supreme Court. Early Life Ginsburg was born Joan Ruth Bader in Brooklyn, New York, the second daughter of Nathan and Celia Bader. Ginsburgs... Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Stephen Gerald Breyer (born August 15, 1938) has been a US Supreme Court Associate Justice since 1994. Breyer was born in San Francisco, California. He married Joanna Hare in 1967, and has three children Chloe, Nell, and Michael. He graduated from Lowell High School and received an A.B. from... Stephen Breyer
Case opinions
decision pending
Laws applied
Copyright Act of 1976

MGM Studios, Inc. v. Grokster, Ltd. (04-0480) is a The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C. The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C., (large image) The Supreme Court of the United States, located in Washington, D.C., is the highest court (see supreme court) in the United States; that is, it has ultimate judicial authority within the United States... United States Supreme Court case among a consortium of 28 of the largest entertainment companies (led by (Art for Arts Sake) and their trademark lion, Leo in 1928 (who had been born in captivity in Dublin Zoo in Ireland). Not long after this merger, Loew died, leaving control of the studios to his associate Nicholas Schenck; Schenck then attempted to sell the properties to what would... Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer studios) and A peer-to-peer (or P2P) computer network is any network that does not rely on dedicated servers for communication but instead mostly uses direct connections between clients (peers). A pure peer-to-peer network does not have the notion of clients or servers, but only equal peer applications and... P2P File sharing is the activity of making files available to other users for download over the Internet, but also over smaller networks. Usually file sharing follows the peer-to-peer (P2P) model, where the files are stored on and served by personal computers of the users. Most people who engage... file sharing companies Grokster is a peer-to-peer file sharing program which runs under Windows. It uses an interface similar to Kazaa, and combines searches over several P2P networks. In April 2003, Grokster and Streamcast (providers of Morpheus P2P software) obtained a ruling by a Los Angeles federal court judge, Stephen Wilson... Grokster and Streamcast (maker of Morpheus is the name of a file sharing client for Microsoft Windows, operated by the company StreamCast (formerly called MusicCity), that originally used the OpenNAP peer-to-peer (P2P) platform. Located at Morpheus.com, it has a Web-based search interface, just like Audiogalaxy had, though Morpheus searches all kinds... Morpheus). The case has been called the most important In law, particularly in common law jurisdictions, intellectual property is a form of legal entitlement which allows its holder to control the use of certain intangible ideas and expressions. The term has declined since the early 1980s, as use of the term . Another issue is that if intellectual property... intellectual property case in decades. Oral arguments were held on March 29 is the 88th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (89th in Leap years). There are 277 days remaining. Events up to 19th century 1461 - Wars of the Roses: Battle of Towton - Edward of York defeats Queen Margaret to become King Edward IV of England. 1638 - Swedish... March 29, 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. Events January Iraqi police officers hold up their index fingers marked with purple indelible ink, a security measure to prevent double voting. Worldwide aid effort continues to develop in response to the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake. January 3... 2005, and a decision is anticipated by the end of the court's session in June.


The case is frequently characterized as a re-examination of the issues in the 464 U.S. 417 (1984) (Docket Number: 81-1687), is also known as the Betamax case. The Supreme Court of the United States found that the making of individual copies of complete television shows for home use is considered fair use, and that the manufacture of devices, such as Betamax... Sony Corp. v. Universal City Studios case that protected The video cassette recorder (or VCR, less popularly video tape recorder) is a type of video tape recorder that uses removable cassettes containing magnetic tape to record audio and video from a television broadcast so it can be played back later. Many VCRs have their own tuner and can be... VCR manufacturers from liability for contributory infringement. MGM wants makers of file sharing technology held liable for their users' copyright infringments. In Sony, the court held that technology could not be barred if it was "capable of substantial noninfringing uses." The The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the following United States district courts: District of Alaska District of Arizona Central, Eastern, Northern, and Southern Districts of California District of Guam District of Hawaii District of Idaho District of Montana... Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals issued a partial ruling supporting Grokster in 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. It was designated the: ) lands on Mars. January 8 - Queen Elizabeth II christens the ) lands on Mars. January 27 - The British government narrowly wins a House of Commons vote on the proposed introduction of tutition top-up fees... 2004. Software companies fear that a ruling against Grokster could stifle innovation.

Computer and Internet technology companies such as Intel Corporation (NASDAQ: INTC) (founded 1968) is a US-based multinational corporation that is best known for designing and manufacturing microprocessors and specialized integrated circuits. Intel also makes networking cards, motherboard chipsets, components, and other devices. Intel has advanced research projects in all aspects of semiconductor manufacturing, including MEMS. Overview... Intel, Yahoo! Inc. (NASDAQ: YHOO) is an American computer services company with a mission to be the most essential global internet service for consumers and businesses. It operates one of the biggest Internet portals, a web directory and a host of other services including the popular Yahoo! Mail. It was founded... Yahoo! and Microsoft Corporation (NASDAQ: MSFT), (founded 1975), headquartered in Redmond, Washington, USA, is the worlds largest software company (with over 50,000 employees in various countries, as of May 2004). Microsoft develops, manufactures, licenses and supports a wide range of software products for various computing devices. Its best known product... Microsoft have filed amicus curiæ briefs in support of the file sharing companies, while the The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) is a special interest group representing the U.S. recording industry, and the body responsible for certifying gold and platinum albums and singles in the USA. For more information about sales data see list of best selling albums and list of best selling... RIAA and The Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) is a non-profit trade association formed to advance the interests of movie studios. Its members consist of seven major studios: the Walt Disney Company, Sony Pictures, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Paramount Pictures, Twentieth Century Fox, Universal Studios, and Warner Bros. The organization produces... MPAA have both sided with MGM. Billionaire Cuban worked at Dairy Queen for a one day photo op. Mark Cuban (born July 31, 1958 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) is an outspoken billionaire who is the owner of the Dallas Mavericks NBA basketball team. Early childhood Mark Cuban was the stereotypical school that is currently being broadcast on CBS... Mark Cuban has said that he will finance Grokster's fight before the Supreme Court [1]  (http://www.mp3newswire.net/stories/5002/cuban.html).

Oral Arguments

During Oral arguments are verbal presentations to a judge or appellate court by a lawyer (or the party when representing themselves) of the legal reasons why they should prevail. Oral argument at the appellate level accompanies written briefs, which also advance the argument of each party in the legal dispute. Oral... oral argument, the Supreme Court justices appeared divided between the need to protect new technologies and the need to provide remedies against copyright infringement. Justice Justice Antonin Scalia Antonin Scalia (born March 11, 1936) has been a US Supreme Court Associate Justice since 1986. He is widely considered the leading conservative voice on the Court. Antonin Scalia was born in Trenton, New Jersey. His mother, Catherine, was born in the United States; his father, S... Antonin Scalia expressed concern that inventors would be chilled from entering the market by the threat of immediate lawsuits. Justice David Hackett Souter (born September 17, 1939) has been a US Supreme Court Associate Justice since 1990. He filled the seat vacated by William J. Brennan. Souter was born in Melrose, Massachusetts. He was the only child of Joseph A. Souter and Helen Hackett Souter. His father was a banker... David Souter questioned how the interpretation of the law the plaintiffs argued for would affect devices like copy machines or the . A 4th Generation iPod, with earphones. The iPod has a multilingual interface, here using Dutch. The iPod family consists of a series of portable digital audio players (DAP) designed and marketed by Apple Computer (as well as by Hewlett-Packard, under the name magazine cover. In the most obvious difference... iPod. The music industry claimed that iPods have a substantial and legitimate commercial use in contrast to Grokster, to which Souter replied, "I know perfectly well if I can get music on my iPod without paying that's what I'm going to do," said Souter [2] (http://story.news.yahoo.com/news?tmpl=story&cid=514&e=12&u=/ap/20050330/ap_on_go_su_co/scotus_file_sharing_16). On the other hand, the justices seemed troubled at the prospect of ruling that Grokster's alleged business model of actively inducing infringement and then reaping the commercial benefits was shielded from liability. Grokster insisted that affirming the Ninth Circuit would only prevent an injunction against future use of the P2P software, while the plaintiffs would still be free to pursue damages in the district court for alleged past wrongful acts. Much of the Court, however, expressed skepticism that Grokster's continuing enterprise could be severable from the consequences of those prior acts.

External links

  • Summary of the case (http://www.eff.org/IP/P2P/MGM_v_Grokster/)
  • Stanford case page (http://cyberlaw.stanford.edu/about/cases/mgm_v_grokster.shtml)
  • California district court case summary (http://www.techlawjournal.com/courts2001/mgm_grokster/20030425.asp)
  • Filed Briefs (http://www.copyright.gov/docs/mgm/index.html)
  • MGM v. Grokster: Day 1 (http://www.mp3newswire.net/stories/5002/mgmday1.html) - March 30, 2005 MP3 Newswire is one of the earliest news sites focused on digital media technology. Inspired by the success of the Diamond Rio, the site began in December of 1998, initially to review and report on products and technological advances. It quickly evolved and stories grew from straight technical news articles... MP3 Newswire recap of first day of trial
  • Timothy K. Armstrong's detailed summary of arguments (http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tka/2005/03/29#a53)
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Wikinews is a free content news source and a project of the Wikimedia Foundation. Wikinews allows anybody to report news on a wide variety of subjects. Its mission, as stated on the main page, is to create a diverse environment where citizen journalists can independently report the news on a... Wikinews has a news story related to this article:



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