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Encyclopedia > MG30

The Maschinengewehr 30, or MG30 was a German-designed machine gun that saw some service with various armed forces in the 1930s. It was also modified to become the standard German aircraft gun as the MG15 and MG17. It is most notable as the design pattern that led to the MG34 and MG42, and thus is one of the major ancestors of many of the weapons in service which would later find widespread use even into the present day. A machine gun is a fully-automatic firearm that is capable of firing bullets in rapid succession. ... The armed forces of a state are its government sponsored defense and fighting forces and organizations. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Airbus A380 An aircraft is any machine capable of atmospheric flight. ... MG34 The Maschinengewehr 34, or MG34, was a German machine gun that was first produced and accepted for service in 1934, and first issued to units in 1935. ... The Maschinengewehr 42, or MG 42 was a machine gun that was developed for and entered service with Germany in 1942, during World War II. The 7. ...


Development of the MG30 took place under the direction of Louis Schmeisser at Rheinmetall's Sömmerda office. However actual production of machine guns was prohibited in Germany under the Versailles Treaty, and the design was rejected by the Reichswehr. Rheinmetall then turned to other companies and licensed the design to Solothurn in Switzerland and Steyr-Daimler-Puch AG in Austria. Production soon followed, entering the armed forces of both countries as the Solothurn S2-100 and Maschinengewehr Solothurn 1930, or MG30, respectively. Rheinmetall is a German defense company with factories in Düsseldorf and Unterlüß. It has a long tradition of making guns and artillery pieces. ... Sömmerda is a small town near Erfurt in Thuringia, Germany on the Unstrut river. ... Woodrow Wilson with the American Peace Commissioners The Treaty of Versailles of 1919 is the peace treaty created as a result of six months of negotiations at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919 which put an official end to World War I between the Allies and Central Powers. ... The Reichswehr (help· info) (literally National Defense or Imperial Defense) formed the military organization of Germany from 1919 until 1935, when the government rebranded it as the Wehrmacht (Defence Force). ...


The gun fired standard 7.92 mm ammunition, fed from a slightly curved 30-round magazine inserted in the left side of the weapon. The machine gun was fired both in semi-automatic and full automatic mode depending on how far the trigger is pulled, with a rate of fire between 600 and 800 rounds per minute in full-auto. It included a folding bipod attached two thirds down the barrel. An M16 Magazine Various Mags A magazine (also called a mag) is an ammunition storage device within or attached to a firearm. ... A semi-automatic firearm requires a trigger pull for each round that is fired. ... M2 machine gun An automatic firearm is a firearm that will continue to load and fire ammunition as long as the trigger (or other activating device) is pressed or until it runs out of ammunition. ... The revolutions per minute (abbreviated rpm, RPM or r/min) is a unit of frequency, commonly used to measure rotational speed. ... A bipod is a support device that is similar to a tripod or monopod, but with only two legs. ...


Rheinmetall's Borsig office modified the MG30 design for use as an aircraft gun, producing the Flugzeugmaschinengewehr 15, or MG15. The primary changes were the use of a double-drum magazine holding 75 rounds, and the addition of a removal of the stock for use inside the cramped quarters of a bomber. Further modification in 1936 led to the MG17, which included provisions for belt-fed ammo in addition to the drums, increased the rate of fire to about 1,200 rpm, and was suitable for use with an interrupter gear for shooting through the aircraft's own propellor. A bomber is a military aircraft designed to attack ground targets, primarily by dropping bombs. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The interrupter gear, more properly (and correctly) known as a synchronisation gear, was a triggering device attached to a fighter aircrafts machine gun so that it would fire only at certain times. ...


In 1942 aircraft guns had increased dramatically in size, and the 7.92 mm weapons were no longer considered useful by the Luftwaffe. Many were then sent to the army, who started a program to modify them into ground-based weapons by adding a bipod and simple metal stock. The Deutsche Luftwaffe or (help· info) (German: Air Arm, IPA: [luftvafə]) is the commonly used term for the German air force. ...


Statistics

  • Caliber: 7.92 mm
  • Load: 50 round beltless saddle drum
  • Action: select fire, air-cooled
  • Rate of Fire: 600 to 800 rpm
  • Weight: 27 lb (12 kg)

  Results from FactBites:
 
MG30 (344 words)
The Maschinengewehr 30, or MG30 was a German-designed machine gun that saw some service with various armed forces in the 1930s.
Development of the MG30 took place under the direction of Louis Schmeisser at Rheinmetall[?]'s Sömmerda office.
The primary changes were the use of a double-drum magazine holding 75 rounds, and the addition of a removal of the stock for use inside the cramped quarters of a bomber.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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