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Encyclopedia > METRORail
METRORail
Locale Houston, Texas
Transit type Light Rail
Began operation January 1, 2004
System length 7.5 mi (12.07 km)
No. of lines 1
No. of stations 16
Operator Metropolitan Transit Authority of Harris County, Texas

METRORail is the light rail service in Houston, Texas, United States that started on January 1, 2004. It is the second major light rail service in Texas after the Dallas Area Rapid Transit system. It began operating about sixty years after a previous streetcar system was closed down, which had left Houston the largest city in the United States without a rail system. With a daily ridership of 37,800, the METRORail system is the eleventh most-ridden light rail system in the United States [1]. Nickname: Space City Location in the state of Texas Coordinates: Counties Harris County Fort Bend County Montgomery County Mayor Bill White Area    - City 1,558 km²  (601. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... Skytrain Bangkok. ... This article is about light rail systems in general. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A mile is a unit of length, usually used to measure distance, in a number of different systems, including Imperial units, United States customary units and Norwegian/Swedish mil. ... km redirects here. ... A group of METRO buses parked at the Texas Medical Center Transit Center The Metropolitan Transit Authority of Harris County, Texas (METRO) operates bus, lift bus, and light rail service in Harris County, Texas, which includes Houston. ... This article is about light rail systems in general. ... Nickname: Space City Location in the state of Texas Coordinates: Counties Harris County Fort Bend County Montgomery County Mayor Bill White Area    - City 1,558 km²  (601. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... A DART Bus operating in downtown Dallas The Dallas Area Rapid Transit authority (or DART) is the transit agency in Dallas, Texas that operates buses, subways, light rail, commuter rail, and HOV lanes in Dallas and 12 of its suburbs. ... A CLRV Streetcar in the City of Toronto. ... The following is a list of all light rail systems in the United States, ranked by ridership. ...


METRORail is operated by the Metropolitan Transit Authority of Harris County, Texas, or METRO for short. The current track of rail runs 7.5 miles (12 km) through Reliant Park, Texas Medical Center, Museum District, Midtown, and Downtown. The system's fleet consists of Siemens-built Avanto vehicles. A group of METRO buses parked at the Texas Medical Center Transit Center The Metropolitan Transit Authority of Harris County, Texas (METRO) operates bus, lift bus, and light rail service in Harris County, Texas, which includes Houston. ... A mile is a unit of length, usually used to measure distance, in a number of different systems, including Imperial units, United States customary units and Norwegian/Swedish mil. ... A kilometer (Commonwealth spelling: kilometre), symbol: km is a unit of length in the metric system equal to 1,000 metres (from the Greek words χίλια (khilia) = thousand and μέτρο (metro) = count/measure). ... Photograph of a sign at the entrance to the Reliant Park Complex, with Six Flags Astroworld in the background Reliant Park (formerly the Astrodomain) is a complex in Houston, Texas named after the energy company Reliant Energy. ... Skyline of Texas Medical Center  It should be possible to replace this fair use image with a freely licensed one. ... The Houston Museum District is an area of Houston, Texas. ... Midtown Houston is just south of downtown Houston, Texas, bordered by the Montrose area and U.S. Highway 59. ... Downtown Houston Downtown Houston is Houstons largest business district. ... Siemens AG (FWB:SIE, NYSE: SI) is the worlds largest electronics company. ... The Avanto has found success in the United States, including Houston, Texas. ...

Contents

Future plans

METRORail along the Main Street Corridor in Downtown Houston, Texas.
METRORail along the Main Street Corridor in Downtown Houston, Texas.
METRORail along the Main Street Corridor
METRORail along the Main Street Corridor
A METRORail train approaching Preston Station in Downtown.
A METRORail train approaching Preston Station in Downtown.
The cabin of a METRORail vehicle.
The cabin of a METRORail vehicle.
The METRORail line in Midtown and the Houston Community College System administration.
The METRORail line in Midtown and the Houston Community College System administration.

Additional rail will be laid as approved by a 52% yes to 48% no margin in the November 2003 election. Critics have alleged the existence of a conflict of interest in the planned expansion. Major contractors including Siemens AG, which constructs the train vehicles, contributed substantial amounts of money to the Political Action Committee promoting the expansion referendum. Supporters of an expanded rail system in Houston have leveled similar charges against opponents of the referendum, noting that suburban development interests largely bankrolled the PAC opposing the referendum. This work is copyrighted. ... This work is copyrighted. ... Downtown Houston Downtown Houston is Houstons largest business district. ... Image File history File links METRORail_7. ... Image File history File links METRORail_7. ... This work is copyrighted. ... This work is copyrighted. ... A METRORail train approaching Preston Station in Downtown Houston, Texas. ... Inside the METRORail File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Inside the METRORail File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1579x747, 206 KB) Summary Midtown Houston along Main Street with HCC Adminstration Building in the background and a MetroRail train Public domain Taken by WhisperToMe Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1579x747, 206 KB) Summary Midtown Houston along Main Street with HCC Adminstration Building in the background and a MetroRail train Public domain Taken by WhisperToMe Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Midtown Houston is just south of downtown Houston, Texas, bordered by the Montrose area and U.S. Highway 59. ... Houston Community College System (HCCS) is a community college system that operates community colleges in Houston, Missouri City, and Stafford in Texas, and also serves Bellaire, Southside Place, and West University Place. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... An election is a decision making process where people choose people to hold official offices. ... A conflict of interest is a situation in which someone in a position of trust, such as a lawyer, a politician, or an executive or director of a corporation, has competing professional or personal interests. ... Siemens AG (FWB:SIE, NYSE: SI) is the worlds largest electronics company. ... In the United States, a political action committee, or PAC, is the name commonly given to a private group organized to elect or defeat government officials in order to promote legislation, often supporting the groups special interests. ... Ballots of the Argentine plebiscite of 1984 on the border treaty with Chile A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite (from Latin plebiscita, originally a decree of the Concilium Plebis) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ...


The planned expansions are within the city of Houston and will eventually reach the two major Houston airports, George Bush Intercontinental Airport and William P. Hobby Airport. METRO is planning service to suburbs in Houston, as well as other parts of Houston. Alternatives Analysis and Draft Environmental Impact Analysis studies are currently underway on four extensions, but only one extension — the University Line — is planned to be opened by 2012. George Bush Intercontinental Airport (IATA: IAH, ICAO: KIAH) (for International Airport - Houston) is 23 miles (37 km) north of downtown Houston, Texas. ... William P. Hobby Airport (IATA: HOU, ICAO: KHOU) is named after former Texas governor William P. Hobby, receiving this name in 1967, and is located 8 miles (13 km) southeast of Houston, in Harris County, Texas. ... Harris County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas within the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area. ... 2012 (MMXII) will be a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Also, METRO is planning a commuter rail system in conjunction with the light rail system, pending feasibility of the plan. In addition, METRO wants to link up with a planned commuter rail system in Fort Bend County which would use an existing Union Pacific railroad, as well as a line to Cypress in the U.S. Highway 290 corridor. In total, the plan will add 29 miles of fixed guideway transit (light rail and bus rapid transit) and 28 miles of commuter rail. A Connex commuter train stands by the platform in Melbourne, Australia Regional rail systems, or commuter rail systems, usually provide a rail service through a central business district area into suburbs or other locations that draw large numbers of people on a daily basis. ... Official website: http://www. ... The Union Pacific Railroad (NYSE: UNP) is the largest railroad in the United States. ... Cypress is an unincorporated town located in the extraterritorial jurisdiction of Houston within Harris County, Texas in the USA. The town is located along U.S. Highway 290, twenty miles northwest of Houston. ...


University Line

The University Line is an 8.3-mile light rail line that is a component of Phase 2 of the METRO Solutions referendum that voters approved in 2003. Even though the stations are still being determined, the line will extend from either the University of Houston or the Eastwood Transit Center to the Hillcroft Transit Center, passing through the Upper Kirby District and Greenway Plaza and follow the Richmond/Wheeler and Westpark corridors. Transfers from the University Line to the Red Line will occur at the Wheeler Station. The line is tentatively scheduled to open in 2012. The University of Houston, formerly University of Houston–University Park, is a comprehensive doctoral degree-granting university[1] located in Houston, Texas. ... Upper Kirby is a commercial district in Houston, Texas. ... Picture of Greenway Plaza Skyline Greenway Plaza is a master-planned development off of U.S. Highway 59 in Houston, Texas, five miles (8 km) west of Downtown Houston and three miles (5 km) east of Uptown Houston. ... 2012 (MMXII) will be a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Red Line extension

Phase 2 of the METRO Solutions calls for a 0.5 mile northward extension from the University of Houston-Downtown station to a new planned intermodal facility, which will be located in the Burnett Street vicinity. The extension is tentatively scheduled to open in 2012. The University of Houston–Downtown, often called UH–Downtown or UHD, is a four-year college in Houston, Texas. ... 2012 (MMXII) will be a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Crash rate

The rail line has had a high crash rate when compared to other light-rail systems in the United States, averaging one incident every six days (the national average being four crashes per year). [citation needed] The first METRORail crash occurred on November 19, 2003 as the system was still under testing prior to opening.[citation needed] November 19 is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In September 2004, METRORail set a new record for the most accidents in a year, passing San Francisco Municipal Railway's 2001 record of 61 crashes over 73.3 route miles — nearly ten times the length of the Houston Red Line.[1] September 2004 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December See also: September 2004 in sports Events Deaths in September • 27 Tsai Wan-lin • 24 Françoise Sagan • 20 Brian Clough • 18 Russ Meyer • 15 Johnny Ramone • 12 Fred Ebb • 11 Peter VII of Alexandria • 8... Two forms of public transport operated by the San Francisco Municipal Railway (Muni): on the left, a bus (the 38 Geary line) and, on the right, the F Market historic streetcar. ...


As of April 15, 2006, there have been 129 crashes officially confirmed. One crash has resulted in a fatality; the fatal crash occurred on May 10, 2005 and involved a man in a car who ran through a red light and hit the train. The man who drove the car died.[citation needed] April 15 is the 105th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (106th in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 10 is the 130th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (131st in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


There are several possible reasons for the high accident rate, though one of the most prominent is the fact that the entire 7 ½ miles of track runs along city streets—the longest such stretch in the country. In many cities, a significant amount of track is on dedicated right-of-way. The city has been known as an accident hotspot, with the highest number of traffic accidents per capita of large cities in the United States.[citation needed] A right-of-way (plural: rights-of-way) is an easement or strip of land granted to a railroad company upon which to build a railroad. ...


METRO has consistently blamed driver error as the cause of the high collision rate and the transit agency's police department regularly tickets motorists who cross paths with the train. Some of the people involved in the crashes have stated that poor signage and signal layouts have contributed to the problem. METRO has rearranged some signals and altered some sign arrangements to try to make things clearer.[citation needed]


Other controversies

Since its inception, METRORail has been the source of several political controversies in Houston. During the 2003 expansion referendum, critics of the system, including Texans for True Mobility (TTM), questioned METRO's financial practices. METRO itself was criticized for spending public funds for "educational advertisements" about the proposed system, which were said to promote the referendum.[2] Texans for True Mobility (TTM) is a 501(c)6 non-profit organization based in Houston, Texas. ...


The main political action committee (PAC) supporting the bond was accused of having a conflict of interest due to the relationship between its main contributors and METRO. The PAC received over US$100,000 in contributions from contractor firms and equipment suppliers for METRORail who stood to gain financially from its expansion.[2] This includes a US$50,000 donation from Siemens AG, a German engineering corporation, which has the contract to build METRORail's train cars. In the United States, a political action committee, or PAC, is the name commonly given to a private group organized to elect or defeat government officials in order to promote legislation, often supporting the groups special interests. ... ISO 4217 Code USD User(s) the United States, the British Virgin Islands, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Turks and Caicos Islands, and the insular areas of the United States Inflation 3. ... ISO 4217 Code USD User(s) the United States, the British Virgin Islands, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Turks and Caicos Islands, and the insular areas of the United States Inflation 3. ... Siemens AG (FWB:SIE, NYSE: SI) is the worlds largest electronics company. ...


The Houston Chronicle was also accused of a heavy bias in its coverage designed to promote METRORail. The newspaper became embroiled in controversy following the accidental posting of an internal memorandum on its website that urged the "specific objective" of making "rail a permanent part of the transit mix" in Houston through news, editorial, and op-ed columns.[3] The memo included a "ground zero for November" proposal of attacking the finances of groups and individuals opposed to light rail, and specifically Rep. Tom DeLay and former Houston Mayor Bob Lanier.[4] The Houston Chronicle is a daily newspaper in Houston, Texas, United States. ... Thomas Dale Tom DeLay (born April 8, 1947) is a former member of the United States House of Representatives from Sugar Land, Texas. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


Lines

Red Line (2004)

Image File history File links Metrohouston-metrorailmap. ... Fannin South Station is a station on the METRORail Red Line in Houston, Texas. ... Reliant Park is a station on the METRORail Red Line in Houston, Texas. ... Smith Lands is a station on the METRORail Red Line in Houston, Texas. ... A group of METRO buses parked at the Texas Medical Center Transfer Station TMC Transit Center is a station on the METRORail Red Line in Houston, Texas. ... Dryden/TMC Station is a station on the METRORail Red Line in Houston, Texas. ... Memorial Hermann Hospital/Houston Zoo Station is a station on the METRORail Red Line in Houston, Texas. ... Hermann Park/Rice University Station is a station on the METRORail Red Line in Houston, Texas. ... Museum District Station is a station on the METRORail Red Line in Houston, Texas. ... Wheeler Station is a station on the METRORail Red Line in Houston, Texas. ... Ensemble/HCC Station is a station on the METRORail Red Line in Houston, Texas. ... McGowen Station is a station on the METRORail Red Line in Houston, Texas. ... Downtown Transit Center Station is a station on the METRORail Red Line in Houston, Texas. ... Bell Station is a station on the METRORail Red Line in Houston, Texas. ... A group of people waiting at the downtown Main Street Square Station Main Street Square Station is a station on the METRORail Red Line in Houston, Texas. ... A METRORail train approaching Preston Station in Downtown Houston, Texas. ... University of Houston-Downtown Station is a station on the METRORail Red Line in Houston, Texas. ...

University Line (2012 Proposed Stations) [2]

  • Hillcroft Transit Center
  • South Rice
  • Newcastle
  • Westlayan
  • Edloe
  • Greenway Plaza
  • Kirby
  • Shepherd
  • Dunlavy
  • Montrose
  • Wheeler Station
  • Almeda
  • Dowling
  • Texas Southern University
  • Riverside (or Tierwester)
  • UH Main Campus
  • Eastwood Transit Center

Wheeler Station is a station on the METRORail Red Line in Houston, Texas. ...

References

  1. ^ Wall, Lucas. "MetroRail's crash rate 25 times U.S. average", Houston Chronicle, April 23, 2004. Retrieved on 2006-05-16.
  2. ^ a b The METRO Money Train is a dead link; use the Internet Archive link here instead
  3. ^ A Houston odyssey: DeLay, Lanier and light rail. Houston Chronicle (November 20, 2002). Retrieved on 2006-05-16.
  4. ^ Connelly, Richard. "Internal Distress", Houston Press, December 5, 2002. Retrieved on 2006-05-16.

The Houston Chronicle is a daily newspaper in Houston, Texas, United States. ... April 23 is the 113th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (114th in leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 16 is the 136th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (137th in leap years). ... A dead link or broken link is a link on the world wide web that points to a webpage or server that is permanently unavailable. ... Internet Archive headquarters. ... The Houston Chronicle is a daily newspaper in Houston, Texas, United States. ... November 20 is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 16 is the 136th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (137th in leap years). ... The Houston Press is an alternative weekly newspaper published in Houston, Texas. ... December 5 is the 339th day (340th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 16 is the 136th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (137th in leap years). ...

External links


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