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Encyclopedia > MEChA
A PAC T39 Bogatyr from Battlefield 2142

Mecha, also known as meka or mechs, are walking vehicles controlled by a pilot. Mecha are generally, though not necessarily, bipedal. In most science fiction stories in which they appear, mecha are war machines: essentially armored fighting vehicles with legs instead of treads or wheels. Some stories, such as the Japanese manga Patlabor, also encompass mecha used for civilian purposes such as heavy construction work, police functions, or firefighting. Mecha (derived from mechanism) is a term used in science fiction, anime, and manga, to identify a large robot; or in the original Japanese definition, machinery in general. ... Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (900x675, 56 KB) A PAC Bogatyr. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (900x675, 56 KB) A PAC Bogatyr. ... Battlefield 2142 is a first-person shooter computer game designed by Digital Illusions CE and is the fourth game in the Battlefield series. ... The Trikke is a Human Powered Vehicle (HPV) Automobiles are among the most commonly used engine powered vehicles. ... A biped is an animal that travels across surfaces supported by two legs. ... An armoured fighting vehicle (AFV) is a military vehicle, equipped with protection against hostile attacks and often mounted weapons. ... The tread of a tire or caterpillar track refers to the pattern visible on its circumference that makes contact with the road. ... For other uses, see Wheel (disambiguation). ... This article is about the comics published in East Asian countries. ... Patlabor 2 The Movie, Japanese regular edition 04 Patlabor (a portmanteau of patrol and labor) refers to Mobile Police Patlabor ) a manga franchise created by Masami YÅ«ki. ... Firefighter with an axe A firefighter, sometimes still called a fireman though women have increasingly joined firefighting units, is a person who is trained and equipped to put out fires, rescue people and in some areas provide emergency medical services. ...


Some sci-fi universes posit that mecha are the primary means of combat, with conflicts sometimes being decided through gladiatorial matches. Others represent mecha as one component of an integrated military force, supported by and fighting alongside tanks, fighter aircraft, and infantry, functioning as a mechanical cavalry. The applications often highlight the theoretical usefulness of such a device, combining a tank's resilience and fire power with infantry's ability to cross unstable terrain. For other uses, see Gladiator (disambiguation). ... An A-10 Thunderbolt II, F-86 Sabre, P-38 Lightning and P-51 Mustang fly in formation during an air show at Langley Air Force Base, Virginia. ... Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme in World War I Infantry or footmen are very highly disciplined and trained soldiers who fight primarily with small arms(rifles), but are trained to use everything from their bare hands to missle systems in order to neutralize...


The distinction between true mecha and their smaller cousins (and likely progenitors), the powered armor suits, is blurred; according to one definition, a mecha is piloted while a powered armor is worn. Anything large enough to have a cockpit where the pilot is seated is generally considered a mecha. It has been suggested that the section Exoskeletons in modern and near-future technology from the article Exoskeleton be merged into this article or section. ...


The first occurrence of mecha in fiction is thought to be the novel The War of the Worlds by H. G. Wells where the Martians use tripod walkers very similar to mecha. The War of the Worlds (1898), by H. G. Wells, is an early science fiction novel (or novella) which describes an invasion of England by aliens from Mars. ... Herbert George Wells (September 21, 1866 – August 13, 1946), better known as H. G. Wells, was an English writer best known for such science fiction novels as The Time Machine, The War of the Worlds, The Invisible Man, The First Men in the Moon and The Island of Doctor Moreau. ... The name Martian is given to the hypothetical native inhabitants of the planet Mars. ... Martian tripods drawn by Warwick Goble. ...


Rarely, mecha has been used in a fantasy convention, most notably in the anime series Aura Battler Dunbine, The Vision of Escaflowne and Maze. In those cases, the mecha designs are usually based on some alternative or 'lost' science-fiction technology from ancient times. For other uses, see Fantasy (disambiguation). ... “Animé” redirects here. ... Aura Battler Dunbine ) is an anime television series, created by Sunrise, aired on Nagoya TV from 1983 to 1984, ran for 49 episodes, and 12 volumes of videos were released on VHS and DVD.[1] Created by Hajime Yatate (a pseudonym for the Sunrise team) and Yoshiyuki Tomino, director of... Original run April 2, 1996 – September 24, 1996 Episodes 26[1] Manga: The Vision of Escaflowne (shōnen ver. ... Maze the Megaburst Space ) is an anime. ...

Contents

Word origin and usage

BattleMechs from the cover of the novel The Legend of the Jade Phoenix by Robert Thurston
BattleMechs from the cover of the novel The Legend of the Jade Phoenix by Robert Thurston

The term "mecha" is derived from the Japanese abbreviation meka (メカ?) for the English word "mechanical". In Japanese, "mecha" encompasses all mechanical objects, including cars, guns, computers, and other devices. In this sense, it is extended to humanoid, human-sized robots and such things as the boomers from Bubblegum Crisis, the similar replicants of Blade Runner, and cyborgs can be referred to as mecha, as well as mundane real-life objects such as industrial robots, cars and even toasters. The Japanese use the term "robots" (ロボット robotto?) or "giant robots" to distinguish limbed vehicles from other mechanical devices. The first widespread English language usage of the term was in the animated series Robotech which was an english dubbing and rewriting of three different anime and the terms usage since then has mostly associated in the west with either robotic (occasionally transforming) piloted vehichles or powered armored battlesuits which are worn akin to exoskeletons. There are exceptions; in the film A.I.: Artificial Intelligence, the word is used to describe 'mechanicals' (robotic humanoids), as opposed to 'orga' for 'organics' (humans). book cover This image is a book cover. ... book cover This image is a book cover. ... BattleMechs from cover of the book The Legend of the Jade Phoenix by Robert Thurston BattleMechs (often abbreviated Mechs) are large walking war machines that feature prominently in the fictional universe of BattleTech. ... Robert Thurston is a Science-Fiction author well known for his works in popular shared world settings, most notably his Jade Falcon Clan novels of the BattleTech universe and the novelisations of the original Battlestar Galactica television series. ... “Car” and “Cars” redirect here. ... Firearms redirects here. ... The tower of a personal computer. ... Bubblegum Crisis ) is a cyberpunk-style anime set in a future, post-disaster Tokyo, called Megatokyo. The series has a manga adaptation. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the 1982 film. ... For other uses, see Cyborg (disambiguation). ... Robotech science fiction and anime universe. ... A.I.: Artificial Intelligence (2001) was the last project that filmmaker Stanley Kubrick worked on. ... For other uses, see robot (disambiguation). ... The term humanoid refers to any being whose body structure resembles that of a human. ...


When respect to powered armorsuits, mecha typically do not refer to form fitting garments such as the Iron Man armor. Armored suit mecha tend to be much larger and bulkier than the wearer and the wearer's limbs may or may not actually extend completely into the respective limbs. For the upcoming film and video game based on the superhero, see Iron Man (film) and Iron Man (video game). ...


The Life Model Decoys in the Marvel Comics miniseries Livewires refer to themselves as mecha. A Life Model Decoy (LMD) is an android designed to function as an exact body double for VIPs. ... This article is about the comic book company. ... Livewires is a six issue comic book limited series published by Marvel Comics in 2005. ...


The term "mech" is used to describe such vehicles considerably more often in Western entertainment than in Asian entertainment. "Mech" as a term originated from BattleTech (where it is often written as 'Mech, short for BattleMech or OmniMech), and is not used in Japan in other contexts except as an unintentional misspelling of "mecha." (One exception is the Japanese version of BattleTech, which attempts to retain the English word.) In Japanese, "robot" is the more frequent term (see 'Other meanings' below). In the Japanese stories themselves, they are seldom known as "mecha".


East and west

Robot mecha are quite popular in Japanese manga, and by extension anime. In Western entertainment, they are occasionally seen in video games, especially the action, strategy and simulation genres, but the most well-known Western context for mecha is BattleTech. The original BattleTech - a tabletop strategy game - has been the basis of numerous games and products in other media. FASA, the company that produced BattleTech, was sued for copyright infringement for using several mecha designs from Macross and other anime series without the proper copyright licenses, having "bought" invalid licenses from a valid license holder acting beyond their authority[1] (the first edition of BattleTech, then named BattleDroids, actually included two Japanese 1/144 model kits from the Fang of Sun Dougram anime series). This article is about the comics published in East Asian countries. ... “Animé” redirects here. ... Computer and video games redirects here. ... Video games are categorized into genres based on their gameplay. ... BattleTech is a wargaming and science fiction franchise, launched by FASA Corporation and currently owned by WizKids. ... Wargaming can be one of number of ways of exploring the effects of warfare without actual combat. ... This article is about the role-playing game company. ... Not to be confused with copywriting. ... The Super Dimension Fortress Macross ) is an anime television series. ... Fang of the Sun Dougram (Japanese title: 太陽の牙ダグラム; Taiyou no Kiba Dougram) is a 75-episode anime television series, created by Ryusuke Takahashi and Sunrise, aired in Japan from October 23, 1981 to March 25, 1983. ... “Animé” redirects here. ...


Mechas in film and literature

In manga and anime

In Japan, "robot anime" (known as "mecha anime" outside Japan) is a genre that features the vehicles and their pilots as the central plot points. Here, the average robot mecha are usually twenty feet tall at the smallest, outfitted with a wide variety of weapons, and quite frequently have tie-ins with toy manufacturers. The Gundam franchise is a prominent example: Gundam toys and model kits (produced by the Japanese toymaker Bandai) are ubiquitous in Japan. This article is about the anime series. ... This article is about the Japanese toy manufacturer. ...


The size of mechas can vary according to the story and concepts involved. Some of them may be not taller than a few meters high (Gundam, Escaflowne), others can be as tall as a skyscraper (Space Runaway Ideon). There are also mechas which are big enough to contain the population of an entire city (Macross) and some by the size of the entire Earth. The last episode of Tengen Toppa Gurren Lagann is an example that the size of the mecha are only limited by the imagination of its creators, as it depicted a clash between two machines, each one of them being larger than entire galaxies. This article is about the anime series. ... The Vision of Escaflowne ( Japanese: 天空のエスカフローネ;Tenkū no Esukafurōne or Escaflowne of the Heavens) is a 26-episode anime television series by Sunrise. ... For other uses, see Skyscraper (disambiguation). ... Space Runaway Ideon ), is an anime television series produced by Sunrise. ... The Super Dimension Fortress Macross (Japanese: 超時空要塞マクロス, Chou Jikuu Yousai Macross) is an anime television series. ... Tengen Toppa Gurren Lagann , lit. ...


The genre started with Mitsuteru Yokoyama's 1956 manga Tetsujin 28-go (which was later animated in 1963 and also released abroad as Gigantor). Its inclusion is debatable however, as the robot was controlled by remote instead of a cockpit in the machine. Not long after that the genre was largely defined by author Go Nagai, into something considerably more fantastical. Mazinger Z, his most famous creation, was not only the first successful Super Robot anime series, but also the pioneer of the genre staples like weapons that were activated by the hero calling out their names ("Rocket Punch!"). It was also a pioneer in die-cast metal toys such as the Chogokin series in Japan and the Shogun Warriors in the U.S., that were (and still are) very popular with children and collectors. This article is about the comics published in East Asian countries. ... Gigantor (originally Tetsujin-nijÅ«hachi-gō 鉄人28号, literally Iron Man #28) was a manga by Mitsuteru Yokoyama published in 1958 which was later made into several anime series, the first in 1963. ... Gigantor (originally Tetsujin-nijÅ«hachi-gō 鉄人28号, literally Iron Man #28) was a manga by Mitsuteru Yokoyama published in 1958 which was later made into several anime series, the first in 1963. ... Go Nagai , born September 6, 1945) is a Japanese mangaka and an important innovator of several genres within anime and manga. ... Serialized in Weekly Shonen Jump Original run October 2, 1972 – August 13, 1973 No. ... The Super Robot Mazinger Z. Super Robot is a term used in manga and anime to describe a giant robot or mecha, with an arsenal of fantastic super-powered weapons, sometimes transformable or combined from two or more robots and/or vehicles usually piloted by young, daring heroes, and often... Casting is a process by which a material is introduced into a mold while it is liquid, allowed to solidify in the shape inside the mold, and then removed producing a fabricated object, part, or casing. ... Chogokin is a fictious material first appeared in the Mazinger Z comic. ... Shogun Warriors were a line of toys, licensed by Mattel during the late 1970s that consisted of a series of imported Japanese robots all based on then-popular giant robot anime shows. ...


Robot/mecha anime and manga differ vastly in storytelling and animation quality from title to title, and content ranges all the way from children's shows to ones intended for an older teen or adult audience.


Some robot mecha are capable of transformation (Macross to name but one) or combining to form even bigger ones (see Voltron). Go Nagai is also often credited with inventing this in 1974 with the television series Getter Robo. The Super Dimension Fortress Macross ) is an anime television series. ... Original run 10 September 1984 – 18 November 1985 No. ... Go Nagai , born September 6, 1945) is a Japanese mangaka and an important innovator of several genres within anime and manga. ... Getter Robo (ゲッターロボ - Gettâ Robo) is a Super Robot manga series created by Go Nagai and Ken Ishikawa, as well as an anime series produced by Toei Animation. ...


The mecha genre in anime is still alive and well in the new millennium, with revival OVAs like Getter Robo: the Last Day, Mazinkaiser from the Super Robot tradition, the new Gundam 00 series from the Real Robot side, and Reideen, a recent remake of the 1975 hit series Brave Raideen. The new series Heroic Age and Code Geass are recent series in the mecha genere. Mazinkaiser (マジンカイザー) is a Japanese anime OVA, consisting of seven episodes, released on Japan in 1999, and based on Mazinger Z, originally from manga artist Go Nagai. ... The Super Robot Mazinger Z. Super Robot is a term used in manga and anime to describe a giant robot or mecha, with an arsenal of fantastic super-powered weapons, sometimes transformable or combined from two or more robots and/or vehicles usually piloted by young, daring heroes, and often... Mobile Suit Gundam 00 ) is the latest television anime of Sunrises long-running Gundam franchise. ... Real Robot is a term first seen in the Super Robot Wars series of video games, to describe robots or mecha that are treated as realistic tools rather than as heroic semi-characters, or super robots. ... Brave Raideen (勇者ライディーン - Yûsha Raidîn) is a Super Robot anime series. ... Brave Reideen (勇者ライディーン - Yūsha Raidīn) is a Super Robot anime series. ... The Heroic Age was the period of Greek mythological history that lay between the purely divine events of the Theogony and Titanomachy and the advent of historical time after the Trojan War. ... Code Geass: Lelouch of the Rebellion ) is a Japanese anime television series, created by Sunrise. ...


In film

An AT-ST from Star Wars.

Perhaps the most well-known example of mecha are the Walkers such as the AT-AT and AT-ST from the Star Wars series of films. An AT-ST, All Terrain Scout Transport. ... An AT-ST, All Terrain Scout Transport. ... All Terrain Scout Transports are bipedal war machines used by the Galactic Empire in the fictional Star Wars universe. ... This article is about the series. ... An AT-AT walker at the entrance to Disney-MGM Studios Star Tours attraction Walkers are fictional vehicles from the Star Wars universe that traverse the landscape on mechanical legs. ... This article is about the series. ...


The Hollywood movie Aliens featured a cargoloader as a civilian mecha (although this instance blurs the line between being a mecha or an exoskeleton). More famously known for impacting American citizens is the film Robot Jox, featuring two giant mech fight scenes. ... Aliens is a 1986 science fiction/action film starring Sigourney Weaver, Michael Biehn, Lance Henriksen, Carrie Henn, Bill Paxton and Paul Reiser and is regarded by many as a benchmark for the action and science fiction genres. ... It has been suggested that the section Exoskeletons in modern and near-future technology from the article Exoskeleton be merged into this article or section. ... Robot Jox is a 1990 science fiction film directed by Stuart Gordon, and starring Gary Graham, Anne-Marie Johnson, and Paul Koslo. ...


Arguably, the concept of piloted mecha goes back decades before Tetsujin-28. The tripods featured in The War of the Worlds, with advanced weaponry and dedicated piloting stations, are perhaps the forerunners of modern mecha. Martian tripods drawn by Warwick Goble. ... The War of the Worlds (1898), by H. G. Wells, is an early science fiction novel (or novella) which describes an invasion of England by aliens from Mars. ...


Mecha are often featured in computer and console games. Because of their size and power, and the resultant potential for massive property damage resulting from that size and power, mecha are quite popular subjects for games, both tabletop and electronic. Property damage is damage or destruction done to public or private property, caused either by a person who is not its owner or by natural phenomena. ...


Mechas in real life

Few prototypes are being made to build mecha in real life. Currently almost all of these are too slow or cumbersome to have any real application.

  • Landwalker- A functioning prototype japanese bipedal mecha being developed by Sakakibara Kikai. [2]

Few companies and organizations are doing some researches about it:

  • Timberjack (John Deere subsidiary)- A known tractor seller company, built a practical hexapod walking tractor to cut trees in forests. [3]
  • MPS (Mechanized Propulsion Systems Incorporated) allege they will build a mecha vehicle in 25 years. [4]

Harvester Timberjack 1070 Timberjack, a subsidary of John Deere since 2000, is a manufacturer of forestry machinery for both cut-to-length and whole tree logging. ... John Deere Logo A John Deere 7800 tractor attached to a corn planter. ... A hexapod robot is a mechanical vehicle whose locomotion is based on three pair of legs. ...

Notes and references

  1. ^ The related lawsuits were settled out of court, and later products of BattleTech do not use the designs under contention.
  2. ^ http://www.sakakibara-kikai.co.jp/ Sakakibara Kikai website (japanese)
  3. ^ A video in youtube about Timberjack's walking machine
  4. ^ MPS Website

See also

The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... U.S. Army conceptual mock-up of an exoskeleton-equipped soldier. ...

External links

  • Gears Online
  • Brickshelf Lego mecha galleries
  • Mecha Anime HQ: Extensive coverage on Gundams and other mecha.
real projects

  Results from FactBites:
 
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