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Encyclopedia > M25 motorway
M25 motorway
Length 117 miles (188.3 km)
Direction Circular (London Orbital)
Start Dartford
Primary destinations London
Dartford
Bromley
Sevenoaks
Gatwick Airport
Reigate
Dorking
Esher
Staines
Heathrow Airport
Enfield
Watford
Hemel Hempstead
Stansted Airport
End West Thurrock
Construction dates 1975 - 1986
Motorways joined 3 -
M20 motorway
5 -
M26 motorway
7 -
M23 motorway
12 -
M3 motorway
15 -
M4 motorway
16 -
M40 motorway
21 -
M1 motorway
23 -
A1(M) motorway
27 -
M11 motorway
The M25 motorway looking south between junctions 14 and 15, near Heathrow Airport. The red light from the overhead gantry, just visible in the distance, is the MIDAS system indicating a reduced speed limit due to congestion
The M25 between junction 24 (Potters Bar) and 25 (Enfield).
The M25 between junction 24 (Potters Bar) and 25 (Enfield).
Short underground section at Epping.
Short underground section at Epping.
The multi level junction with the M23.
The multi level junction with the M23.

The M25 motorway is one of the United Kingdom's motorways. It is an orbital motorway, 117 miles (188 km) in circumference, that almost completely encircles London (the gap is formed in the east, with the Dartford Crossing or the A282, linking two sides of the River Thames). It is said to be one of the longest city bypasses in the world[1]. In Europe, the M25 is the second-longest ring road after the Berlin Ring (A 10) which is longer by 5 miles (8 km). Image File history File links UK_motorway_M25. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... , Dartford is the principal town in the borough of Dartford. ... The colour scheme used to denote a primary route. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... , Dartford is the principal town in the borough of Dartford. ... Bromley is the principal town in the London Borough of Bromley, England. ... For other uses, see Seven Oaks (disambiguation). ... Gatwick Airport (IATA: LGW, ICAO: EGKK) is Londons second largest airport and the second busiest airport in the United Kingdom after Heathrow. ... Image File history File links 20_airtransportation. ... , Reigate is a historic market town in Surrey, England at the foot of the North Downs, and in the London commuter belt. ... Dorking is a market town at the foot of the North Downs approximately 25 miles south of London, in Surrey in England. ... Esher is a town in the Surrey borough of Elmbridge in South East England near the River Mole. ... For the French commune, see Stains. ... Heathrow redirects here. ... Image File history File links 20_airtransportation. ... Enfield is the name of several places. ... Watford is a town and district in Hertfordshire, United Kingdom, situated 34 km (21 miles) northwest of London and within the bounds of the M25 motorway. ... Hemel Hempstead is a town in Hertfordshire, England with a population of 81,143 at the 2001 Census. ... The lawn in front of Stansted Airport used to attract large numbers of people waiting for their flight during the summer. ... Image File history File links 20_airtransportation. ... West Thurrock is a place in the borough of Thurrock in England. ... Image File history File links UK_motorway_M20. ... The M20 motorway is a major road in England. ... Image File history File links UK_motorway_M26. ... The M26 motorway is a motorway in Kent, England. ... Image File history File links UK_motorway_M23. ... The M23 motorway is a major road in England. ... Image File history File links UK_motorway_M3. ... M3 is also the name of the motorway that connects the capitals of two largest states in Europe, Moscow and Kiev. ... Image File history File links UK_motorway_M4. ... The M4 motorway is a motorway in Great Britain linking London with Wales. ... Image File history File links UK_motorway_M40. ... The M40 motorway is a motorway in the English transport network that connects London to Birmingham. ... Image File history File links UK_motorway_M1. ... The M1 motorway heading south towards junction 37 at Barnsley, South Yorkshire. ... Image File history File links UK_motorway_A1(M). ... This page is about the A1 road in Britain. ... Image File history File links UK_motorway_M11. ... This page is about the M11 motorway in England. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 474 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (790 × 998 pixel, file size: 112 KB, MIME type: image/png) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Motorway M25 just south of Heathrow Airport. ... Motorway M25 just south of Heathrow Airport. ... London Heathrow Airport (IATA airport code: LHR, ICAO airport code: EGLL, and often simply Heathrow) is the United Kingdoms busiest and best-connected airport. ... Motorway Incident Detection and Automatic Signalling, usually abbreviated to MIDAS, is a distributed network of traffic and weather sensors, speed cameras and variable speed signs which control traffic speeds with little human supervision. ... Stretch of the M25 between Junction 24 and 25. ... Stretch of the M25 between Junction 24 and 25. ... Darkes Lane, Potters Bar, looking north towards the railway bridge Potters Bar is a town in the Hertsmere borough of Hertfordshire, United Kingdom,[2] located 16 miles (25 km) directly north of London. ... Enfield is the name of several places. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... High Street in Epping Epping is a market town and civil parish in the Epping Forest district of the county of Essex in the United Kingdom. ... Image File history File linksMetadata 015455_d19601dd. ... Image File history File linksMetadata 015455_d19601dd. ... List of motorways in the United Kingdom is a complete list of motorways in the United Kingdom. ... For the American political term, see Inside the Beltway and Beltway bandits. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... , The Queen Elizabeth II Bridge The Dartford Crossing joins Dartford and Thurrock across the River Thames, to the east of London. ... The A282 is a road linking the two ends of the M25 at Dartford and Thurrock, via the Dartford Crossing. ... This article is about the River Thames in southern England. ... Bundesautobahn 10 (translates from German as Federal Motorway 10, short form Autobahn 10, abbreviated as BAB 10 or A 10) runs in Brandenburg in a circle around Berlin and is therefore called the Berliner Ring. ...

Contents

Description

For most of its length the motorway has six lanes (three in each direction), although there are a few short stretches which are four-lane and perhaps one sixth is eight-lane, around the south-western corner. The motorway was widened to ten lanes between junctions 12 and 14, and twelve lanes between junctions 14 and 15, in November 2005. The Highways Agency has plans to widen almost all of the remaining stretches of the M25 to eight lanes. The Highways Agency is an executive agency, part of the Department for Transport in the United Kingdom. ...


It is one of Europe's busiest motorways, with 196,000 vehicles a day recorded in 2003 between junctions 13 and 14 near London Heathrow Airport ([2]), which is however significantly fewer than the 257,000 vehicles a day recorded in 2002 on the A4 motorway at Saint-Maurice, in the suburbs of Paris ([3]), or the 216,000 vehicles a day recorded in 1998 on the A 100 motorway near the Funkturm in Berlin ([4]). For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Heathrow redirects here. ... This is a list of motorways in France and the towns which they connect. ... Saint-Maurice is a commune in the southeastern suburbs of Paris, France. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... All autobahns This is a list of all autobahns in Germany. ... The Funkturm Berlin Funkturm - blue illuminated on the occasion of the Funkausstellung 2005 Berliner Funkturm seen from the Zentraler Omnibus Bahnhof The Berliner Funkturm or Funkturm Berlin (Radio Tower Berlin) is a transmitting tower in Berlin, built between 1924 and 1926 by Heinrich Straumer. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ...


The M25 is not a continuous loop. To the east of London, the toll crossing of the Thames between Thurrock and Dartford is the lesser grade A282. The Dartford Crossing, which consists of two tunnels and the QE2 (Queen Elizabeth II) bridge, is named Canterbury Way. Passage across the bridge or through the tunnels is subject to a toll, dependent upon the type of vehicle. Designating this stretch as a motorway would mean that traffic not permitted to use motorways could not cross the Thames east of Woolwich. Several places exist with the name Thames, and the word is also used as part of several brand and company names Most famous is the River Thames in England, on which the city of London stands Other Thames Rivers There is a Thames River in Canada There is a Thames... Thurrock is a unitary authority with borough status in the East of England. ... , Dartford is the principal town in the borough of Dartford. ... The A282 is a road linking the two ends of the M25 at Dartford and Thurrock, via the Dartford Crossing. ... , The Queen Elizabeth II Bridge The Dartford Crossing joins Dartford and Thurrock across the River Thames, to the east of London. ... The Queen Elizabeth II Bridge The Dartford Crossing joins Dartford and Thurrock across the River Thames. ... This article is about the River Thames in southern England. ... , Woolwich town hall dates from when this was a borough in its own right. ...


While this is more a structural than a logical issue, at junction 5 near Sevenoaks continuing around the M25 requires the driver to follow the slip roads, as the anticlockwise carriageway continues as the M26 to the east (towards the M20) and the clockwise as the A21 towards the south coast. For other uses, see Seven Oaks (disambiguation). ... In the field of road transport, a road junction is a place where two or more roads either meet or cross. ... The M26 motorway is a motorway in Kent, England. ... The M20 motorway is a major road in England. ... The A21 is a major road in England running from Lewisham in southeast London to Hastings, East Sussex. ...


The road passes through multiple police force areas. Junctions 1–5 are in Kent, 6–14 in Surrey (passing at places through Greater London and Berkshire), 15–16 are in Buckinghamshire, 17–24 are in Hertfordshire, 25 in Greater London (the Hertfordshire border going around the junction's northern edge), 26–28 in Essex, 29 in Greater London and 30–31 in Essex. Policing the road is carried out by an integrated policing group made up of the Metropolitan, Thames Valley, Essex, Kent, Hertfordshire and Surrey forces. The Metropolitan Police Service (MPS) is the name currently used by the territorial police force which is responsible for Greater London other than the City of London (the responsibility of the City of London Police). ... Thames Valley Police is one of the largest Home Office police services in England and the largest non-metropolitan one, covering 2200 sq mi (5,700 km²) and a population of 2. ... Essex Police is a Home Office (territorial) police force with responsibility for policing the county of Essex in south east England. ... Kent Police is the police force covering Kent in England, including the unitary authority of Medway. ... Hertfordshire Constabulary is the Home Office police force responsible for policing the county of Hertfordshire in England. ... Surrey Police is the Home Office police force the county of Surrey in the south of England The force is lead by Chief Constable Bob Quick and has its headquarters at Mount Browne, Guildford, Surrey. ...


The distance of the motorway from central London (taken as Charing Cross) varies from approximately 12 miles (20 km) near Potters Bar to 20 miles (32 km) near Byfleet. In some places (Enfield, Hillingdon and Havering) the Greater London boundary has been realigned to the M25 while in others, most notably in Surrey, it is many miles distant. North Ockendon is the only settlement of Greater London to be outside the M25. In 2004, following a poll, a move was mooted by the London Assembly to entirely align the Greater London boundary to the M25.[1] The Victorian Eleanor Cross at Charing Cross The name Charing Cross, now given to a district of central London in the City of Westminster, comes from the original hamlet of Charing, where King Edward I placed a memorial to his wife, Eleanor of Castile. ... Darkes Lane, Potters Bar, looking north towards the railway bridge Potters Bar is a town in the Hertsmere borough of Hertfordshire, United Kingdom,[2] located 16 miles (25 km) directly north of London. ... There have been a considerable number of small changes to the Greater London boundary since its creation in 1965. ... This article is about the English county. ... North Ockendon is a place in Greater London, England in the London Borough of Havering. ... The London Assembly is an elected body that supervises the Greater London Authority and the Mayor of London. ...


The three service areas are located in the central north (JCT 23 South Mimms), south east (Clacket Lane) and central east (Thurrock).


History

The idea of an orbital road around London was first proposed early in the 20th century and was re-examined a number of times during the first half of the 20th century in plans such as Sir Edwin Lutyens and Sir Charles Bressey's The Highway Development Survey, 1937 and Sir Patrick Abercrombie's County of London Plan, 1943 and Greater London Plan, 1944. Abercrombie's plan proposed a series of five roads encircling the capital. Edwin Lutyens Sir Edwin Landseer Lutyens, OM, KCIE, PRA (29 March 1869 – 1 January 1944) was a leading 20th century British architect who is known for imaginatively adapting traditional architectural styles to the requirements of his era. ... This article is about the town planner. ... The County of London Plan was prepared for the London County Council by J. H. Forshaw and Patrick Abercrombie in 1943. ...


In the post-war years little was done to implement Abercrombie's plans but in the 1960s the Greater London Council developed an ambitious plan for a network of ring roads around the capital. The London Ringways plan was hugely controversial due to the destruction required for the inner two ring roads and the enormous anticipated cost. The plan was modified a number of times to overcome opposition from the residents of threatened areas and the government, but was cancelled in 1973. Parts of the two outer ring roads, Ringways 3 and 4, were begun in 1973 and became the first two sections of the M25 to open in 1975 (junction 23 to junction 24) and 1976 (junction 6 to junction 8).The M16 motorway was the designation planned in the late 1960s and early 1970s for use on Ringway 3, a new motorway planned as part of the London Ringways Plan to run a circular route around London. Arms of the Greater London Council The Greater London Council (GLC) was the top-tier local government administrative body for Greater London from 1965 to 1986. ... The London Ringways were a series of four ring roads planned in the 1960s to circle London at various distances from the city centre. ... Ringway 3 was the third from the centre of the series of four London Ringways, ring roads planned in the 1960s to circle London at various distances from the city centre. ... Ringway 4 Ringway 4 was the outermost of the series of four London Ringways, ring roads planned in the 1960s to circle London at various distances from the city centre. ...


Construction of the first section of the M16 began in 1973 between South Mimms and Potters Bar in Hertfordshire and opened in September 1975 with the temporary general purpose road designation A1178. During construction of the first section of the motorway, the majority of the Ringways plan was cancelled and, in 1975 the plans for Ringway 3 were modified to combine it with parts of another motorway, Ringway 4, the outermost Ringway.


The M16 designation was dropped and the combined motorway was given the designation M25 which had originally been intended for the southern and western part of Ringway 4. The section of Ringway 3 west of South Mimms anti-clockwise around London to Swanley in Kent was cancelled and the section clockwise from Potters Bar to the Dartford Tunnel was constructed between 1979 and 1982. The section of Ringway 3 south of the river between Dartford and Swanley was constructed between 1974 and 1977. The M16 motorway was the designation planned in the late 1960s and early 1970s for use on Ringway 3, a new motorway planned as part of the London Ringways Plan to run a circular route around London. ...


Construction of the M25 continued in stages until its completion in 1986. The stages were not constructed contiguously but in small sections, such as Dartford to Swanley (junction 1 to junction 3) and Potters Bar to Enfield (junction 24 to junction 25). As the orbital road developed the sections were linked. Each section was presented to planning authorities in its own right and was individually justified, with almost 40 public inquiries relating to sections of the route. Maps at this time depicting these short sections named the route as the M16 but this changed before completion. The northern sections of the M25 follow a similar route to the World War II Outer London Defence Ring. Darkes Lane, Potters Bar, looking north towards the railway bridge Potters Bar is a town in the Hertsmere borough of Hertfordshire, United Kingdom,[2] located 16 miles (25 km) directly north of London. ... Enfield is the name of several places. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Outer London Defence Ring was Londons last hope of stopping German Panzer tanks if they had advanced on London in 1940. ...


The M25 was officially opened on 29 October 1986 with a ceremony by Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, who opened the section between J22 and J23 (London Colney and South Mimms). is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... A prime minister is the most senior minister of cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. ... Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, PC, FRS (née Roberts; born 13 October 1925) served as British Prime Minister from 1979 to 1990 and leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 until 1990, being the first and only woman to hold either post. ... London Colney is a village in Hertfordshire, England. ... South Mimms is a location in Hertfordshire that was originally part of the traditional county of Middlesex Categories: UK geography stubs | Middlesex | Hertfordshire ...


The initial tenders for the construction of the M25 totalled £631.9 million. This did not include compulsory purchase of land and subsequent upgrades and repairs.


More recently, the perennially congested south-western stretch of the M25 (near Woking) has been fitted with an experimental automated traffic control system called Motorway Incident Detection and Automatic Signalling (MIDAS). This consists of a distributed network of traffic and weather sensors, speed cameras and variable-speed signs that control traffic speeds with little human supervision. This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... , See Woking (borough) for the administrative district. ... Motorway Incident Detection and Automatic Signalling, usually abbreviated to MIDAS, is a distributed network of traffic and weather sensors, speed cameras and variable speed signs which control traffic speeds with little human supervision. ... A red-light camera in use in Beaverton, Oregon A road-rule enforcement camera is a system including a camera and a vehicle-monitoring device used to detect and identify vehicles disobeying a road rule or road rules. ... A road speed limit is the maximum speed as allowed by law for road vehicles. ...


A precursor of the M25 was the North Orbital Road (see A414 road). The A414 is a major road in England. ...


Improvements

When built the section of the M25 from just west of Junction 25 (A10/Waltham Cross) through to the eastern end of the Holmsdale Tunnel had only 2 lanes for motorway traffic. This was found to cause hold-ups at peak times as the majority of traffic approaching the junction did not leave the motorway. As a result a series of works, which were completed in late 2007, have increased the number of lanes through this section from 2 to 3 in both clockwise and anti-closckwise directions. This work also included extending the Holmsdale Tunnel to the east.


In summer 2007 work started on widening the exit slip-roads in both directions at Junction 28 (A12/Brentwood). This is intended to reduce the amount of traffic queueing on the slip roads at busy periods, particularly traffic from the clockwise M25 joining the northbound A12 where the queue can extend onto the inside lane of the Motorway. These works are expected to be completed in mid-2008.


Proposed improvements

Widening

The Highways Agency is proposing to widen 63 miles of M25 from six lanes to eight lanes, from junctions 5-7 and 16-30 at a cost of over £5 billion[2]. The Highways agency offering the contract on a Design, Build, Finance and Operate (DBFO) basis.[3] A shortlist of contractors was announced in October 2006[4], however contractors were then asked to resubmit their bids in January 2008.[5]


Illuminated sections

Large sections of the M25 are illuminated with the aim of reducing accidents on the road. The current illuminated sections are Dartford to junction 2, junction 5, junctions 6 to 16, junctions 18 to 21A, and junctions 23 to 31. It is thought that when the widening of the M25 is completed junctions 3 to 5 will be the only area unlit, as this is the quietest part of the M25. The type of lights on the M25 varies, with some of the sections using the older yellow low-pressure sodium (SOX) lighting, and others with modern high-pressure sodium (SON) lighting. A LPS / SOX streetlight at full power A sodium vapor lamp is a gas discharge lamp which uses sodium in an excited state to produce light. ...


Some stretches have recently been upgraded to SON. These include Junction 5, junctions around Heathrow and 27.


Junctions

M25 Motorway
Clockwise exits Junction Anti-clockwise exits
Erith A206 J1a Swanscombe A206
Dartford A225 J1b No Exit
London, Canterbury A2, (M2), Bluewater
Dartford (A225)
J2 London, Canterbury A2, (M2), Bluewater
London (South East) A20
Maidstone M20
Swanley B2173
J3 Maidstone, Channel Tunnel, Dover M20
London (South East), Swanley A20
Bromley A21
Orpington A224
J4 Bromley A21
Orpington A224
Maidstone, Channel Tunnel, Dover M26 (M20)
Sevenoaks, Hastings A21
J5 Sevenoaks, Hastings A21
Clacket Lane services
East Grinstead, Eastbourne, Caterham, Godstone A22
Westerham (A25)
J6 East Grinstead, Eastbourne, Caterham, Godstone, A22
Redhill (A25)
Gatwick Airport, Crawley, Brighton, East Grinstead, Croydon M23 J7 Gatwick Airport, Crawley, Brighton, Croydon M23
Reigate, Sutton A217
Redhill (A25)
J8 Reigate, Sutton A217
Kingston (A240)
Leatherhead A243
Dorking (A24)
J9 Leatherhead A243
Dorking (A24)
London (South West), Kingston, Guildford, Portsmouth A3 J10 London (South West), Guildford A3
Chertsey A317
Woking A320
J11 Woking A320
Chertsey A317
Basingstoke, Southampton, Richmond M3 J12 Basingstoke, Southampton, Richmond M3
Staines A30 J13 London (West), Staines, Windsor A30
Heathrow Airport (Terminals 4, 5 and Cargo) A3113 J14 Heathrow Airport (Terminals 4, 5 and Cargo) A3113
The WEST, Slough, Reading, London (West), Heathrow Airport (Terminals 1, 2 and 3) M4 J15 The WEST, Slough, Reading, London (West), Heathrow Airport (Terminals 1 2, and 3) M4
Birmingham, Oxford, Uxbridge, London (West) M40 J16 Birmingham, Oxford, Uxbridge, London (West) M40
Maple Cross (A412) J17 Maple Cross, Rickmansworth (A412)
Rickmansworth, Chorleywood, Amersham A404 J18 Chorleywood, Amersham A404
No Exit J19 Watford A41
Hemel Hempstead, Aylesbury A41 J20 Hemel Hempstead, Aylesbury A41
A4251
The NORTH, Luton & Airport M1 J21 The NORTH, Luton & Airport M1
Watford A405
Harrow (M1 South)
J21A St Albans A405
London (North West) (M1 (South))
St Albans A1081 J22 St Albans A1081
Hatfield A1(M)
London (North West) A1
Barnet A1081
South Mimms services
J23 Hatfield A1(M)
London (North West) A1
Barnet A1081
South Mimms services
Potters Bar A111 J24 Potters Bar A111
Enfield, Hertford A10 J25 Enfield, Hertford A10
Waltham Abbey, Loughton A121 J26 Waltham Abbey, Loughton A121
London (North East), Stansted Airport, Harlow, Cambridge M11 J27 London (North East), Stansted Airport, Harlow, Cambridge M11
Chelmsford, Witham, Colchester A12
Brentwood A1023
J28 Chelmsford, Romford A12
Brentwood A1023
Romford, Basildon, Southend A127 J29 Basildon, Southend A127
Thurrock (Lakeside), Tilbury A13
Thurrock services
J30 Dagenham, Thurrock (Lakeside), Tilbury A13, (A1306, A126, A1090)
Thurrock services
South Ockendon, Dagenham A1306 J31 No Exit


, Erith (pronounced ) is a place in the London Borough of Bexley, south east London on the River Thames, United Kingdom. ... The numbering zones for A-roads in Great Britain List of A roads beginning with 2 in Great Britain starting south of the River Thames and east of the A3. ... , Swanscombe is a village, part of the Borough of Dartford on the north Kent coast in England. ... , Dartford is the principal town in the borough of Dartford. ... The numbering zones for A-roads in Great Britain List of A roads beginning with 2 in Great Britain starting south of the River Thames and east of the A3. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Canterbury is a cathedral city in east Kent in South East England and is the seat of the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Primate of All England, head of the Church of England and of the worldwide Anglican Communion. ... Not to be confused with A2 road (Northern Ireland). ... There are also M2 motorways in Northern Ireland and Australia The M2 motorway is a motorway in England. ... , Bluewater interior This article is about a shopping mall. ... The A20 is a two-digit major road in south-east England, carrying traffic from London to Dover in Kent. ... For other uses, see Maidstone (disambiguation). ... The M20 motorway is a major road in England. ... Swanley is a town and civil parish in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, England. ... B roads are numbered routes in Great Britain of lesser importance than A roads. ... The British terminal at Cheriton in west Folkestone, from the Pilgrims Way. ... , Dover is a major channel port in the English county of Kent. ... Bromley is the principal town in the London Borough of Bromley, England. ... The A21 is a major road in England running from Lewisham in southeast London to Hastings, East Sussex. ... , // Orpington Town Sign Station Road Car Park Demolition The High Street and adjacent Walnuts Shopping Centre contain a wide selection of high-street shops. ... The numbering zones for A-roads in Great Britain List of A roads beginning with 2 in Great Britain starting south of the River Thames and east of the A3. ... The M26 motorway is a motorway in Kent, England. ... For other uses, see Seven Oaks (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Hastings (disambiguation). ... Clacket Lane services is a motorway service station on the M25 motorway near London, United Kingdom that is owned by RoadChef. ... East Grinstead (archaically spelt Grimstead[1]) is a town and civil parish in the northeastern corner of Mid Sussex, West Sussex in England near the East Sussex, Surrey, and Kent borders. ... For other places with the same name, see Eastbourne (disambiguation). ... This article is about the town in England. ... Godstone is a village in the county of Surrey, England. ... The A22 is a major road in England. ... The A25 is a major road in England, after which the M25 motorway is numbered. ... Gatwick Airport (IATA Airport Code: LGW, ICAO Airport Code: EGKK) is Londons second airport and the second largest airport in the UK after Heathrow. ... For other uses, see Crawley (disambiguation). ... For other places with the same name, see Brighton (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Croydon (disambiguation). ... The M23 motorway is a major road in England. ... , Reigate is a historic market town in Surrey, England at the foot of the North Downs, and in the London commuter belt. ... The A217 is a road in England. ... Redhill is a town in the borough of Reigate and Banstead, Surrey, England and is part of the London commuter belt. ... , Sutton is the principal town in the London Borough of Sutton. ... Kingston upon Thames, part of the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames, is an ancient market town where Saxon kings were crowned, and is now a lively suburb of London. ... The junction with the A24. ... For other uses of this name, see Leatherhead (disambiguation). ... The numbering zones for A-roads in Great Britain List of A roads beginning with 2 in Great Britain starting south of the River Thames and east of the A3. ... Dorking is a market town at the foot of the North Downs approximately 25 miles south of London, in Surrey in England. ... The A24 is a major road in England. ... , For other places with the same name, see Guildford (disambiguation). ... For other places with the same name, see Portsmouth (disambiguation). ... The A3 is a trunk road in Southern England, connecting London to Portsmouth. ... , The Old Town Hall Level crossing at Chertsey, as the barriers rise Chertsey is a town in Surrey, England, on the River Thames, and its tributary rivers such as the River Bourne. ... The numbering zones for A-roads in Great Britain List of A roads beginning with 3 in Great Britain starting west of the A3 and south of the A4. ... , See Woking (borough) for the administrative district. ... The numbering zones for A-roads in Great Britain List of A roads beginning with 3 in Great Britain starting west of the A3 and south of the A4. ... , Basingstoke is a town in northeast Hampshire, England. ... For other uses, see Southampton (disambiguation). ... Richmond is a suburb and the principal settlement of the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames in south west London, England. ... M3 is also the name of the motorway that connects the capitals of two largest states in Europe, Moscow and Kiev. ... For the French commune, see Stains. ... The A30 is an old trunk road (main road) which runs from central London to Lands End, the westernmost point of the mainland of England (though not of mainland Great Britain), and is sometimes called the Great South West Road. ... Windsor may refer to many places and other things. ... London Heathrow Airport (IATA airport code: LHR, ICAO airport code: EGLL, and often simply Heathrow) is the United Kingdoms busiest and best-connected airport. ... The numbering zones for A-roads in Great Britain List of A roads beginning with 3 in Great Britain starting west of the A3 and south of the A4. ... Slough (pronounced ) is a town and unitary authority (Borough of Slough) in England. ... , Reading is a town, unitary authority (the Borough of Reading) and urban area in the English county of Berkshire. ... The M4 motorway is a motorway in Great Britain linking London with Wales. ... This article is about the British city. ... This article is about the city of Oxford in England. ... For other places with the same name, see Uxbridge (disambiguation). ... The M40 motorway is a motorway in the English transport network that connects London to Birmingham. ... Statistics Population: 2000 (apx) Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: TQ034929 Administration District: Three Rivers Shire county: Hertfordshire Region: East of England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Hertfordshire Historic county: Hertfordshire Services Police force: Hertfordshire Constabulary Ambulance service: East of England Post office and telephone... The numbering zones for A-roads in Great Britain List of A roads beginning with 4 in Great Britain starting north of the A4 and south/west of the A5. ... , Rickmansworth is a town in the Three Rivers district of Hertfordshire, England, 4¼ miles (7km) west of Watford. ... Chorleywood is a town in the Three Rivers district of Hertfordshire in the United Kingdom. ... Amersham (previously Agmondesham) is a market town 27 miles north west of London, in the Chiltern Hills, England. ... The numbering zones for A-roads in Great Britain List of A roads beginning with 4 in Great Britain starting north of the A4 and south/west of the A5. ... Watford is a town and district in Hertfordshire, United Kingdom, situated 34 km (21 miles) northwest of London and within the bounds of the M25 motorway. ... The A41 is a major trunk road in England, United Kingdom that links London and Birkenhead. ... Hemel Hempstead is a town in Hertfordshire, England with a population of 81,143 at the 2001 Census. ... This page is about Aylesbury in Buckinghamshire, England. ... The numbering zones for A-roads in Great Britain List of A roads beginning with 4 in Great Britain starting north of the A4 and south/west of the A5. ... Northern England, The North or North of England is a rather ill-defined term, with no universally accepted definition. ... For other uses, see Luton (disambiguation). ... London Luton Airport (IATA Airport Code LTN, ICAO Airport Code EGGW, previously called Luton International Airport) is an airport about 30 miles to the north-west of London in the town of Luton, Beds. ... The M1 motorway heading south towards junction 37 at Barnsley, South Yorkshire. ... The numbering zones for A-roads in Great Britain List of A roads beginning with 4 in Great Britain starting north of the A4 and south/west of the A5. ... , Harrow is the second principal town in the London Borough of Harrow, West London. ... , St Albans is the main urban area of the City and District of St Albans in southern Hertfordshire, England, around 22 miles (35km) north of central London. ... The A1081 road in England broadly follows and replaces the former route of the A6 south of Luton. ... Arms of the former Hatfield Rural District Council Hatfield, originally Bishops Hatfield, is in the Welwyn Hatfield district of Hertfordshire, in the south of England. ... This page is about the A1 road in Great Britain. ... High Barnet or Chipping Barnet is a town in the London Borough of Barnet. ... The A1081 road in England broadly follows and replaces the former route of the A6 south of Luton. ... It is proposed that this article be deleted, because of the following concern: No claim to notability given. ... Darkes Lane, Potters Bar, looking north towards the railway bridge Potters Bar is a town in the Hertsmere borough of Hertfordshire, United Kingdom,[2] located 16 miles (25 km) directly north of London. ... The numbering zones for A-roads in Great Britain List of A roads beginning with 1 in Great Britain beginning north of the Thames, east of the A1. ... Enfield is the name of several places. ... Hertford (standard pronunciations /hÉ‘tÖ½fÉ™d/ and /hÉ‘Ö½fÉ™d/; local pronunciation /[h]ɑːʔֽfÉ™d/) is the county town of Hertfordshire, England, and is in the East Hertfordshire district of that county. ... The A10 is a major road in England. ... Waltham Abbey in Essex, England was founded in 1030 and a building was constructed on the site by Harold II of England thirty years later. ... For other places with the same name, see Loughton (disambiguation). ... The numbering zones for A-roads in Great Britain List of A roads beginning with 1 in Great Britain beginning north of the Thames, east of the A1. ... Terminal building, designed by Sir Norman Foster Stansted Airport is a medium-sized passenger airport with a single runway, located in the English county of Essex about thirty miles north of London. ... Harlow is a new town and local government district in Essex, England. ... This article is about the city in England. ... This page is about the M11 motorway in England. ... Chelmsford Borough Council Coat Of Arms , Chelmsford is the county town of Essex, England. ... , Witham (pronounced Wittam; IPA, /ˈwɪtæm/) is a town in the county of Essex, in the south east of England. ... For other places with the same name, see Colchester (disambiguation). ... The A12 is a major road in England, a trunk road for most of its length, running from London to Great Yarmouth in Norfolk. ... Brentwood is a town and the principal settlement of the Borough of Brentwood, part of Essex in England. ... The numbering zones for A-roads in Great Britain List of A roads beginning with 1 in Great Britain beginning north of the Thames, east of the A1. ... , Romford is a large suburban town in Greater London, England and the principal settlement of the London Borough of Havering. ... Basildon (IPA, ) is a New Town located in south Essex, England at . It was designated as a New Town after World War II in 1948 to accommodate the London population overspill. ... Southend is the name of a number of locations: Southend-on-Sea is the name of a town in Essex, UK Southend, Kintyre is the name of a village in Kintyre, Scotland This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same... The A127 is a trunk road in England linking London with Southend-on-Sea. ... Thurrock is a unitary authority with borough status in the East of England. ... This article is about the shopping centre in West Thurrock. ... Tilbury is located on the north bank of the River Thames, in the borough of Thurrock in England, at the point where the river suddenly narrows to about 800 yards/740 metres in width. ... The A13 is a trunk road in England linking the City of London with East London and south Essex. ... It is proposed that this article be deleted, because of the following concern: No claim to notability given. ... Dagenham is a suburban town in east London, in the London Borough of Barking and Dagenham, situated 12 miles (19. ... The numbering zones for A-roads in Great Britain List of A roads beginning with 1 in Great Britain beginning north of the Thames, east of the A1. ... The numbering zones for A-roads in Great Britain List of A roads beginning with 1 in Great Britain beginning north of the Thames, east of the A1. ... The numbering zones for A-roads in Great Britain List of A roads beginning with 1 in Great Britain beginning north of the Thames, east of the A1. ... South Ockendon is a place in Thurrock in England. ...


Map

Map of Ringways 3 & 4 showing sections combined to form the M25
Map of Ringways 3 & 4 showing sections combined to form the M25

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 600 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1871 × 1871 pixel, file size: 510 KB, MIME type: image/png) London Ringways 3 and 4 Plan from the late 1960s showing roads planned for Ringway 3 and Ringway 4, indicating those sections of road that were... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 600 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1871 × 1871 pixel, file size: 510 KB, MIME type: image/png) London Ringways 3 and 4 Plan from the late 1960s showing roads planned for Ringway 3 and Ringway 4, indicating those sections of road that were...

Racing

The orbital nature of the motorway, in common with racetracks, lent itself to unofficial, and illegal, motor racing. At the end of the 1980s, before the advent of speed enforcement devices, owners of supercars, many employed in the financial service industry in the City and in Docklands, would meet at night at services stations such as South Mimms and conduct time trials. Times below 1 hour were achieved; an average speed of over 117 mph (188.3 km/h), which included coming to a halt at the Dartford Tunnel toll payment booths.[6][7] Alternative use: Race track Racetrack is a pencil and paper game, nominally for two players. ... A Peugeot 206 World Rally Car Motor racing and Motorsports redirect here. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Motto: Domine dirige nos Latin: Lord, guide us Shown within Greater London Sovereign state Constituent country Region Greater London Status City and Ceremonial County Admin HQ Guildhall Government  - Leadership see text  - Mayor David Lewis  - MP Mark Field  - London Assembly John Biggs Area  - Total 1. ... The 02 and Canary Wharf from the Royal Victoria Dock. ... It is proposed that this article be deleted, because of the following concern: No claim to notability given. ... The Dartford Crossing joins Dartford and Thurrock across the River Thames. ...


Public awareness and references in popular culture

The M25 (including the A282 Dartford Crossing) is known for its frequent traffic jams. These have been the subject of so much comment from such an early stage that even at the official opening ceremony Margaret Thatcher complained about "those who carp and criticise". The jams have inspired jokes ("the world's biggest car park", "the London Orbital Car Park"), songs (Chris Rea's "The Road to Hell"[citation needed]) and the following tongue-in-cheek theory: , The Queen Elizabeth II Bridge The Dartford Crossing joins Dartford and Thurrock across the River Thames, to the east of London. ... Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, PC, FRS (née Roberts; born 13 October 1925) served as British Prime Minister from 1979 to 1990 and leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 until 1990, being the first and only woman to hold either post. ... Christopher Anton Rea (born 4 March 1951) is a singer-songwriter, from Middlesbrough, England. ...

Many phenomena – wars, plagues, sudden audits – have been advanced as evidence for the hidden hand of Satan in the affairs of Man, but whenever students of demonology get together the M25 London orbital motorway is generally agreed to be among the top contenders for exhibit A. This article is about the concept of Satan. ... This article is about modern humans. ... Demonology is the systematic study of demons or beliefs about demons. ...

This is because (in the book) the M25 was actually moulded by demonic forces during its planning so as to resemble, from space, a mystic demonic sigil. Good Omens: The Nice and Accurate Prophecies of Agnes Nutter, Witch (1990) is a fantasy novel written in collaboration between Terry Pratchett and Neil Gaiman. ... Terence David John Pratchett, OBE (born 28 April 1948) is a British fantasy and science fiction author, best known for his Discworld series. ... Neil Richard Gaiman (IPA: ) (born November 10, 1960[2]) is an English author of science fiction and fantasy short stories and novels, graphic novels, comics, and films. ...


References

  • Iain Sinclair, London Orbital: A Walk Around the M25, 2002, Granta Books, ISBN 1-86207-547-6
  • Roy Phippen, Travelling M25 Clockwise, 2005, Pallas Athene, ISBN 1-873429-90-8
  1. ^ London Assembly - Poll says M25 is London's "natural boundary". 2 March 2004.
  2. ^ Roads - proposals. Campaign for Better Transport. Retrieved on 2008-01-20.
  3. ^ Prequalification Document. Highways Agency. Retrieved on 2008-01-20.
  4. ^ Highways Agency announces shortlist for £4.5bn M25 DBFO. Contract Journal. Retrieved on 2008-01-20.
  5. ^ Andrea Klettner (2008-01-16). Highways Agency calls for M25 widening bids to be resubmitted. Construction Journal. Retrieved on 2008-01-20.
  6. ^ May, James (20 October 2007). Speed, Greed And The M25. BBC Radio 4.
  7. ^ BBC Press Office. "Programme Information – Network Radio Week 43". Press release.

For the Australian politician, see Ian Sinclair Iain Sinclair is a British writer and film maker. ... is the 61st day of the year (62nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the British body snatcher, James May, see London Burkers. ... old Radio 4 logo BBC Radio 4 is a UK domestic radio station which broadcasts a wide variety of spoken-word programmes including news, drama, comedy, science and history. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... For information on Wikipedia press releases, see Wikipedia:Press releases. ...

See also

The London Ringways were a series of four ring roads planned in the 1960s to circle London at various distances from the city centre. ... The M16 motorway was the designation planned in the late 1960s and early 1970s for use on Ringway 3, a new motorway planned as part of the London Ringways Plan to run a circular route around London. ...

Similar roads

Bundesautobahn 10 (translates from German as Federal Motorway 10, short form Autobahn 10, abbreviated as BAB 10 or A 10) runs in Brandenburg in a circle around Berlin and is therefore called the Berliner Ring. ... The M50 motorway is a motorway and National Primary Route in the Republic of Ireland running in a C-shaped ring around the northern, western and southern sides of the capital city, Dublin. ... // The M60 motorway is an orbital motorway circling the urban body of Manchester, a city in the United Kingdom. ... Périphérique is the French term for a ring road (U.S.: Beltway), a motorway or freeway encircling or orbiting a large city. ... A86 (or Paris super-périphérique) is the second (incomplete) ring road (U.S.: Beltway) around Paris. ... The Autostrada del Grande Raccordo Anulare (GRA) is a toll-free, ring-shaped orbital motorway, 68,2 km (42,6 mi) in circumference that encircles Rome. ... Major MKAD interchange in southern Moscow This article is about the road in Moscow. ... The Johannesburg Ring Road is one of Africas most famous beltways or ring roads/orbitals. ... The Capital Beltway (in green) Interstate 495 (abbreviated I-495) is a freeway-class interstate highway which circles Washington, D.C. and its inner suburbs in Maryland and Virginia. ... Highway 407, officially called the 407 Express Toll Route (ETR), is a tollway located in southern Ontario Canadas Greater Toronto Area. ... Rodoanel Mário Covas is the planned (and partially built) Greater São Paulo Beltway, around the largest megalopolis of Brazil. ... Map of the Highway Ring of Campinas The Anel Viário José Magalhães Teixeira (official designation SP-038) is the Campinas Beltway, a ring of high-speed highways surrounding the city of Campinas, in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. ...

External links

The Highways Agency is an executive agency, part of the Department for Transport in the United Kingdom. ... The Highways Agency is an executive agency, part of the Department for Transport in the United Kingdom. ... The Highways Agency is an executive agency, part of the Department for Transport in the United Kingdom. ... Image File history File links UK_motorway_symbol. ... List of motorways in the United Kingdom is a complete list of motorways in the United Kingdom. ... The M1 motorway heading south towards junction 37 at Barnsley, South Yorkshire. ... There are also M2 motorways in Northern Ireland and Australia The M2 motorway is a motorway in England. ... M3 is also the name of the motorway that connects the capitals of two largest states in Europe, Moscow and Kiev. ... The M4 motorway is a motorway in Great Britain linking London with Wales. ... The M5 near J28, Devon This article concerns the M5 motorway in England. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The M6 Toll (previously called the Birmingham North Relief Road, or BNRR) is the United Kingdoms first toll-paying motorway, other than the Severn Bridges on the M4 and M48 motorways. ... Kingston Bridge M8 running alongside the Clyde This Stub in the Tradeston area, popularly known as the ski-ramp, is the abandoned interchange for the southern flank of the Glasgow Inner Ring Road For the highway connecting Moscow to Arkhangelsk, see M8 motorway (Russia). ... The M9 motorway is also the name of roads in Russia (see Baltic Highway) and Ireland (see N9 road). ... M10 south of St Albans The M10 is a motorway in Hertfordshire. ... This page is about the M11 motorway in England. ... The M18 northdown during the Winter 2005-2006 roadworks The M18 is a motorway in Yorkshire, England. ... The M20 motorway is a major road in England. ... The M23 motorway is a major road in England. ... The M26 motorway is a motorway in Kent, England. ... Looking down onto the M27 from Portsdown Hill. ... The motorway runs through a green corridor between Junctions 1 and 2. ... The M40 motorway is a motorway in the English transport network that connects London to Birmingham. ... For other uses of the term M42, please see M42. ... The M45 is a short stretch of motorway in central England. ... The M48 is a small motorway in England and Wales that includes the original Severn Bridge. ... The M49 motorway is a small motorway west of Bristol, England, that forms a shortcut between the M5 motorway and the Second Severn Bridge on the M4 motorway. ... The M50 The M50 motorway in England & Wales runs for twenty-one miles westward from the M5 motorway just north of Tewkesbury, to meet the A40 road and A449 road at Ross-on-Wye. ... The M53 motorway is a major road in England, running from Wallasey on the opposite bank of the River Mersey to Liverpool, along the Wirral peninsula past Birkenhead and Ellesmere Port to just east of Chester, upon which motorway regulations end and it seamlessly becomes the A55 road, which continues... The M54 motorway is a major road in England also known as the Telford motorway. ... The M55 motorway is a motorway in Lancashire, England. ... The M56 motorway, also known as the North Cheshire motorway, is a major road in England. ... The M57 motorway, also known as the Liverpool Outer Ring Road, is a motorway in England. ... The M58 motorway is a motorway in England. ... // The M60 motorway is an orbital motorway circling the urban body of Manchester, a city in the United Kingdom. ... The M61 motorway is a major road in England. ... The M62 motorway is a west-east trans-Pennine motorway in northern England, connecting the cities of Liverpool and Hull. ... The M65 motorway is a major road in England. ... The M66 is a short motorway in England. ... The M67 is a short motorway in Tameside, Greater Manchester, England, forming an A57 bypass for the towns of Denton and Hyde. ... The M69 is a small motorway in England, linking Leicester and Coventry, and replaced the A46 road. ... The M73 motorway is a motorway in Scotland. ... M74 near Larkhall. ... The M77 motorway is a motorway in Scotland. ... The M80 motorway is a major motorway in central Scotland. ... The M90 motorway is a major road in Scotland. ... The M180 motorway is a major road in England. ... The M181 motorway links the town of Scunthorpe, England to the M180 motorway. ... The M271 is a short motorway in southern England, near the city of Southampton. ... The M275 is a two-mile long, dual three-lane motorway in the county of Hampshire, southern England. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion, because: it is patent nonsense. ... The M606 Bradford Spur motorway leaves the M62 motorway at junction 26, near Cleckheaton, and heads into Bradford, to join the A6177 Bradford Ring Road at an incomplete terminus. ... The M621 motorway is a short motorway in the United Kingdom. ... The M876 motorway is a motorway in Scotland. ... The M898 motorway is a short motorway in the United Kingdom. ... This page is about the A1 road in Great Britain. ... The A3 is a trunk road in Southern England, connecting London to Portsmouth. ... The A38(M) is a short motorway in Birmingham, England, opened on May 24, 1972. ... The A48(M) is a motorway in Wales, a short spur off the M4 towards Cardiff. ... A view of the Mancunian Way elevated motorway near UMIST. The A57(M), also known as the Mancunian Way, is a 2-mile (3. ... The Leeds Inner Ring Road ia a motorway in Leeds, West Yorkshire in the United Kingdom. ... The Leeds Inner Ring Road ia a motorway in Leeds, West Yorkshire in the United Kingdom. ... The A66 is a major road in England. ... M74 near Larkhall. ... The A167 is a road in North East England. ... The A194 road is a road in Tyne and Wear, England. ... The A308(M) is a half-mile road between 2 roundabouts, yet with motorway status, at Maidenhead, England. ... The A329(M) is a road running from the A329 at Bracknell via Wokingham, Winnersh to the A4 east of Reading, Berkshire. ... In England, the A404(M) is the Maidenhead East Bypass, linking the M4 with the A404 dual carriageway to High Wycombe, Marlow and the M40. ... The A601(M) is a two-way spur of the M6 in Lancashire. ... The A627(M) is a motorway that runs between Rochdale and Oldham in Greater Manchester. ... The A823(M) motorway is a short motorway in Fife, Scotland, a spur of 1 mile from the M90 into Dunfermline and Rosyth. ... The M1 motorway in Northern Ireland runs for 61 kilometres (38 miles) from Belfast to Dungannon, bypassing Lisburn, Lurgan, Craigavon and Portadown on the way. ... The M2 motorway in Northern Ireland runs a total of 23 miles, forming two sections of the route from Belfast to Ballymena, bypassing Antrim on the way. ... The M3 is a short section of urban motorway 1. ... The M5 is a short section of spur motorway 2. ... The M12 is a short (2. ... The M22 is a short motorway spur 9. ... The A8(M) motorway in Northern Ireland is a short spur of the M2 motorway, built as a part the M2, as part of the planned route from Belfast to Ballymena [1] However, during construction, the terrain which would have to have been crossed was deemed to be too challenging... The M16 motorway was the designation planned in the late 1960s and early 1970s for use on Ringway 3, a new motorway planned as part of the London Ringways Plan to run a circular route around London. ... The West Cross Route is a short, 0. ... The M63 motorway used to be a major road in the United Kingdom. ... The A18 is a road in England that links Doncaster in South Yorkshire with Ludborough in Lincolnshire, via Scunthorpe. ... For other uses of Westway, see Westway Westway, or The Westway is the main route from central London to the northwestern suburbs and beyond. ... The A41 is a major trunk road in England, United Kingdom that links London and Birkenhead. ... East Cross Route (ECR) was the designation for the eastern section of Ringway 1, the innermost circuit of the London Ringways network, a complex and comprehensive plan for a network of high speed roads circling and radiating out from central London designed to manage and control the flow of traffic... The A6144(M) was a motorway in Carrington, Greater Manchester, England. ... The M12 motorway was a motorway originally planned in the mid 1960s to start in north-east London and head east into Essex. ... The M13 was a planned radial motorway from London to a proposed new airport located at Maplin Sands near Southend-on-Sea, Essex. ... The M15 motorway was the designation planned in the late 1960s and early 1970s for use on the North Circular Road (A406) after it had been upgraded to motorway standard. ... The M31 motorway was planned as a Reading to M3 motorway which was dubbed the M3 - M4 link motorway. It would have provided a direct high speed route between the two motorways. ... The M64 motorway was planned in the 1970s to link the M6 at Stoke, and the M1 near Castle Donington, via Uttoxeter and Derby -- allowing NW-London traffic to avoid the busy M6 around Birmingham. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Motorway Archive. M25 London Orbital Motorway (1600 words)
M25, although it is now looked on as an entity for a complete radial route of London, has developed in a piece-meal fashion, with each length having to be proposed statutorily and justified on its own merits.
Although it was constructed to motorway standards, when it was completed in 1976 it was given the number A405, this being changed to M25 when the length to the south was opened in 1985.
At the public inquiries in the first half of the 1970s there was determined opposition to motorways and it was claimed by objectors that the Department's forecasts were excessive, a claim that was apparently reinforced by the oil crisis in 1973.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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