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Encyclopedia > M113

M113 during the Vietnam War M113 in Vietnam, Public domain image from army. ...

M113 (A3)
General characteristics
Crew 2 + 11
Length 4.863m
Width 2.686m
Height 2.5m
Weight 12.3 tonnes
Armour and armament
Armour aluminium 12-38
Main armament M2 machine gun
Secondary armament varies (see text)
Mobility
Power plant detroit 6-cyl diesel
275 hp (104 kW)
Suspension torsion bar, 5 road wheels
Road speed 66 km/h
Power/weight hp/tonne
Range 480 km

The M113 is an armored personnel carrier family of vehicles in use with the US military and many other nations. Military vehicles are commonly armoured to withstand the impact of shrapnel, bullets or shells, protecting the soldiers inside from enemy fire. ... General Name, Symbol, Number aluminium, Al, 13 Chemical series poor metals Group, Period, Block 13, 3, p Appearance silvery Atomic mass 26. ... This article is about the . ... Diesel or Diesel fuel is a specific fractional distillate of fuel oil (mostly petroleum) that is used as fuel in a diesel engine invented by German engineer Rudolf Diesel. ... East German BRDMs on parade during celebrations of the 40th anniversary of East Germany in 1989 Armoured personnel carriers (APCs) are light armoured fighting vehicles for the transport of infantry. ...


It is a tracked vehicle capable of limited amphibious operation in lakes and streams, extended cross-country travel over rough terrain, and high speed operation on improved roads. The M113 family has many variants and modifications that are used in a variety of combat and combat support roles. Approximately 80,000 units of all types have been produced worldwide making it the most widely used armored fighting vehicle of all time.

Contents


History

The M113 was first introduced in 1960, developed from the M59 and M75 which were designed by Ford and Kaiser Aluminium and Chemical Co. in the late 1950s. The M113 was originally manufactured by the Food Machinery Corporation (FMC) of San Jose, CA. It has also been manufactured under license by the Italian company, Oto Melara and other firms. The M113 is still under manufacture by United Defence, now part of BAE Systems. 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Ford may mean a number of things: A ford is a river crossing. ... Oto Melara is a Italian defence company with factories in Brescia and La Spezia. ... United Defense Industries (UDI) is a United States defense contractor which produces combat vehicles, artillery, naval guns, missile launchers and precision munitions. ... BAE Systems, plc is the worlds fourth largest defense contractor [2] and a commercial aerospace products manufacturer. ...


Design

The M113 was the first American modern "battle taxi", developed to transport infantry forces on the mechanized battlefield; it requires a crew of two and can carry an additional eleven infantry. Its main armament is a single .50 cal (12.7 mm) M2 machine gun, with secondary armament depending on the vehicle's role. The M113 is built of aircraft quality aluminium which gives it some of the same strengths as steel at a slightly reduced weight (the vehicle weighs approximately 13 tons). Its weight allows the use of a relatively small engine to power the vehicle, a Detroit 2-stroke six cylinder diesel, as well as allowing the vehicle to carry a large payload cross-country and to be transported by aircraft. This article is about the . ... The diesel engine is a type of internal combustion engine; more specifically, it is a compression ignition engine, in which the fuel is ignited by being suddenly exposed to the high temperature and pressure of a compressed gas containing oxygen (usually atmospheric air), rather than a separate source of ignition...


The current M113 has a 480 km range and a maximum speed of 64 km/h. The upgraded M113A3 has added spall suppression liners, armored external fuel tanks, a more powerful engine and transmission, and mounting plates for the optional bolt-on aluminum armor.


Variants

M113A1

M113A1.
Enlarge
M113A1.
  • 1964 diesel replaces petrol engine

ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1282x741, 165 KB) Summary Description: M113A1 APC in Batey ha-Osef museum, Tel Aviv, Israel. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1282x741, 165 KB) Summary Description: M113A1 APC in Batey ha-Osef museum, Tel Aviv, Israel. ... Gasoline, as it is known in North America, or petrol, in many Commonwealth countries (sometimes also called motor spirit) is a petroleum-derived liquid mixture consisting primarily of hydrocarbons, used as fuel in internal combustion engines. ...

M113A2

M113A2.
M113A2.
  • 1979, cooling and suspension improvements

Image File history File links M113a2. ... Image File history File links M113a2. ...

M113A3

  • 1987, further improvements for "enhanced (battlefield) survival"

M113A2 Ultra

Originally M113A1, upgraded to A2 standard and modernised by Singapore with 40mm AGL/.5in HMG or 25 mm Overhead Weapon System Bushmaster guns and improved armour.


M58 Wolf Smoke Generator Carrier

Smoke generator carrier. Can produce 90 minutes of visual and 30 minutes of infrared screens. Image of a small dog taken in mid-infrared (thermal) light (false color) Infrared (IR) radiation is electromagnetic radiation of a wavelength longer than that of visible light, but shorter than that of microwave radiation. ...


M106 Self-propelled 107mm Mortar Carrier

Mortar carrier with 107-mm (4.2-inch) mortar firing through large, circular roof hatch in hull rear.


M113 Fire Support Vehicle

Variant fitted with turret from Alvis Saladin armoured car. General characteristics Length 4. ...


M113 Fitter

Armoured recovery vehicle with HIAB crane on hull roof. An armoured recovery vehicle (ARV) is a type of armoured fighting vehicle used to repair battle-damaged or broken-down armoured vehicles during combat, or to tow them off the battlefield for more extensive repairs. ... A tower crane with a pivoted main boom Cranes on the Shenska River, Cherepovets, Russia A crane is a tower or derrick equipped with cables and pulleys that is used to lift and lower materials. ...


M113 Light Reconnaissance Vehicle

A standard M113 with a turret carrying two machine guns; initially used as an armoured personnel carrier. A machine gun is a fully-automatic firearm that is capable of firing bullets in rapid succession. ... The M113, one of the most common tracked APCs, on duty during the Vietnam War Armoured personnel carriers (APCs) are light armoured fighting vehicles for the transport of infantry. ...


M113 Medium Reconnaissance Vehicle

Similar to the M113 Fire Support Vehicle, but using the turret from the FV101 Scorpion light tank. The FV101 Scorpion is a modern British light tank, part of the Combat Vehicle Reconnaissance (Tracked) or, CVR(T) family. ...


M113 AMEV

Armored Medical Evacuation Vehicle.


M125 Self-propelled 81mm Mortar Carrier

Mortar carrier similar to M106, but with 81-mm mortar. This variant was developed by the Soltam Arms Corporation of Israel for use in the occupied territories.


M132 Full Tracked Self-propelled Flame Thrower

Flamethrower carrier, with small turret carrying flamethrower and coaxial machine gun, plus fuel and pressure tanks in rear of hull. Turret (highlighted) attached to a tower on a baronial building in Scotland In architecture, a turret (from Italian: torretta, little tower; Latin: turris, tower) is a small tower that projects from the wall of a building, such as a medieval castle or baronial house. ... coaxial cable In geometry, coaxial means that two or more forms share a common axis; it is the three-dimensional analog of concentric. Coaxial cable, for example, has a conducting wire in the center and a second conducting layer running all the way around the exterior circumference, under the insulation. ... A machine gun is a fully-automatic firearm that is capable of firing bullets in rapid succession. ...


M163 VADS

Vulcan weapon system for anti-aircraft defense. Soldiers of the 1st Battalion, 3rd Armored Cavalry Regiment drive an M-163 20mm Vulcan self-propelled anti-aircraft gun system to a refueling area during Operation Desert Shield. ... Mounted Vulcan The 20 mm M61 Vulcan is a hydraulically driven, six-barreled, air-cooled, electrically fired Gatling gun with an extremely high rate of fire. ...


M474

Carrier used as Pershing 1 nuclear missile Transporter Erector Launcher (TEL) and as warhead carrier, Programmer Test Station/Power Station carrier and Radio Terminal Set carrier. The Pershing II Missile during a test flight The MGM-31 Pershing was a solid-fueled two-stage inertially guided medium range ballistic missile used by the U.S. Armys Missile Command. ...


M548 Tracked Cargo Carrier

M548.
Enlarge
M548.

Unarmored cargo carrier. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1148x835, 236 KB) Summary Description: M-548 Cargo Carrier on M113 APC chassis in Beyt ha-Totchan, Zichron Yaakov, Israel. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1148x835, 236 KB) Summary Description: M-548 Cargo Carrier on M113 APC chassis in Beyt ha-Totchan, Zichron Yaakov, Israel. ...


M577 Light Tracked Command Post Carrier

M577.
Enlarge
M577.

Command vehicle with a taller rear compartment so occupants can stand up. Additional Command_And_Control upgrades include: ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1103x817, 216 KB) Description: M113-based M577 Armored Command Post Carrier (IDF designation Mugaf) in Beyt ha-Totchan, Zichron Yaakov, Israel. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1103x817, 216 KB) Description: M113-based M577 Armored Command Post Carrier (IDF designation Mugaf) in Beyt ha-Totchan, Zichron Yaakov, Israel. ... The military science term command, control, and communications or C3 designates a telecommunications network used by the command hierarchy for the command and control of a military force. ...

  • A JP-8-fueled APU providing 120-volt utility power
  • An hand-cranked extendible antenna
  • C3 modifications such as (on some models) a hardened Sun computer terminal, radio-based network, and extra radio racks and equipment
  • Folding tables and bolted, swiveling stools

An aviation fuel truck. ... An Auxiliary Power Unit (APU) is a relatively small self-contained generator used in aircraft to start the main engines, usually with compressed air, and to provide electrical power while the aircraft is on the ground. ... The military science term command, control, and communications or C3 designates a telecommunications network used by the command hierarchy for the command and control of a military force. ...

M667 Missile Equipment Carrier

M667.
Enlarge
M667.

MGM-52 Lance missile carrier. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1295x570, 158 KB) Description: M667 Lance Missile Carrier on M113 chassis in Beyt ha-Totchan, Zichron Yaakov, Israel. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1295x570, 158 KB) Description: M667 Lance Missile Carrier on M113 chassis in Beyt ha-Totchan, Zichron Yaakov, Israel. ...


M730 Guided Missile Equipment Carrier

Unarmored carrier for the M54-series Chaparral Aerial Intercept Guided Missile Subsystem.


M806

Armoured recovery vehicle variant with winch in rear compartment. An armoured recovery vehicle (ARV) is a type of armoured fighting vehicle used to repair battle-damaged or broken-down armoured vehicles during combat, or to tow them off the battlefield for more extensive repairs. ...


M901 Improved TOW Vehicle

M901 ITV.
Enlarge
M901 ITV.

M113 with twin BGM-71 TOW anti-tank missile launcher mounting on roof. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1082x929, 145 KB) Summary Description: M901 Improved TOW Vehicle in Yad la-Shiryon Museum, Israel. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1082x929, 145 KB) Summary Description: M901 Improved TOW Vehicle in Yad la-Shiryon Museum, Israel. ... A TOW missile being fired from a Jeep. ...

  • M901 - Based on M113A1.
  • M901A1 - Based on M113A1.
  • M901A2 - Fitted with TOW 2.
  • M901A3 - Based on M113A3.

M981 Fire Support Team Vehicle

Artillery fire support vehicle. Equipped with sights and other targeting instrumentation in a turret deliberately designed to resemble that of the M901.


M1015 Tracked Electronic Warfare Carrier

M1059 Lynx Smoke Generator Carrier

Smoke generator carrier. Uses the M157 smoke generator set.


M1064

Mortar carrier, equipped with 120-mm mortar as replacement for M106.


M1068 Standard Integrated Command Post System Carrier

A modification of the M577 Command Post Carrier.


Other Variants

Numerous other vehicles have been based on the M113, many only for testing purposes or as prototypes of vehicles that were never put into series production. Prototypes or prototypical instances combine the most representative attributes of a category. ...


Modifications

Image:Destroyed bradley.jpg
A destroyed M113 in Iraq.

The damage caused to aluminium armor combined with the fire from the ammunition and fuel makes dramatic wreckage, but the M-113 armor is reasonably effective and far better than that on the uparmored HMMWV (Hummer). The HMMWV-bound US Rangers in Somalia chronicled in "Black Hawk Down" were rescued by Pakistani M-113s and M-48 tanks. Unlike the wheeled Stryker and Hummer, M-113s can surmount wrecked vehicles. This article refers to the Military HMMWV, not the civilian Hummer sold by General Motors General Characteristics (Humvee) Manufacturer: AM General Length: 4. ... Official force name 75th Ranger Regiment Rangers Other names Airborne Rangers Army Rangers Task Force Ranger U.S. Army Rangers Branch U.S. Army Chain of Command USASOC Description Special Operations Force, rapidly deployable light infantry force. ... Black Hawk Down is a 2001 film by Ridley Scott, based on the book Black Hawk Down: A Story of Modern War by Mark Bowden. ... The M46, M47, M48 and M60 Patton were the United States Armys principal main battle tanks of the Korean and Vietnam Wars. ... The Stryker is a family of eight wheeled, all wheel drive, armored combat vehicles produced by General Dynamics Land Systems and is in current use by the US Army. ...


The M113 has relatively light armor, but is being augmented with reactive armor, add-on plates, and RPG standoff cages ("slat armor"). Windowed gunshields developed by an armorer in Iraq are reminiscent of ACAV vehicle modifications so effective in Southeast Asia (Vietnam War). Band tracks to replace the high maintenance, road damaging steel tracks are in use by Canadian and other forces. During the Vietnam War, troops wishing to mitigate the effects of remotely-detonated and conventional mines often rode on top rather than inside, and some units fabricated alterations to the controls so the driver was also riding high, and almost outside the vehicle. This article or section should include material from Explosive reactive armour Reactive armor or explosive reactive armour (ERA), is a type of armour used primarily on tanks to lessen the damage from explosions caused from missile warheads, exploding shells, grenades, or dropped bombs. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... The Vietnam War or Second Indochina War was a conflict between the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRVN, or North Vietnam), allied with the National Liberation Front (NLF, or Viet Cong) against the Republic of Vietnam (RVN, or South Vietnam), and its allies — notably the United States military in support of... The Vietnam War or Second Indochina War was a conflict between the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRVN, or North Vietnam), allied with the National Liberation Front (NLF, or Viet Cong) against the Republic of Vietnam (RVN, or South Vietnam), and its allies — notably the United States military in support of...


Most of the M113s which are still in service have been upgraded. However, they are still lightly protected compared to modern APCs or IFVs such as the M2 Bradley or IDF Achzarit. Those larger vehicles cannot be transported in a C-130 plane so it may be argued that a M113 in the field is better than a Bradley back at base. A fervent pro-M113 community has developed due to the inherent versatility of the platform. A Warrior vehicle with UN markings, on the making of the eponymous film. ... General Characteristics (M2 Bradley) Length: 21 ft 2 in (6. ... The Achzarit (אכזרית) is a heavily armored armored personnel carrier/Infantry fighting vehicle manufactured by the Israeli Defence Forces. ... The Lockheed C-130 Hercules, a four-engine turboprop aircraft, is the main tactical air transport aircraft of the United States and UK military forces. ...


Operators

M113 used by NASA for emergency evacuation
M113 used by NASA for emergency evacuation
  • US

The M113 is also used by NASA for emergency evacuation of astronauts during a launch pad emergency. Download high resolution version (1024x678, 180 KB) M113 armored personnel carrier used by NASA. Uploaded from NASA Kennedy Space Center web site. ... Download high resolution version (1024x678, 180 KB) M113 armored personnel carrier used by NASA. Uploaded from NASA Kennedy Space Center web site. ... NASA Logo Listen to this article · (info) This audio file was created from the revision dated 2005-09-01, and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. ... U.S. Space Shuttle astronaut Bruce McCandless II using a manned maneuvering unit (MMU) outside the Challenger in 1984. ...


The Tuscon Police Department SWAT Team uses 2 M113s as mobile cover, rescue, and evacuation. They are generally called out 12-15 times a year.

The Australian Army Emblem The Australian Army is Australias military land force. ... The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) (Hebrew: צבא ההגנה לישראל Tsva Ha-Haganah Le-Yisrael ([Army] Force [for] the Defense of Israel), often abbreviated צהל Tsahal, alternative English spelling Tzahal, is the name of Israels armed forces (army, air force and navy). ... Ariete Tanks of the Italian Ariete Tank Brigade on exercise Three Bersaglieri ride in a Dardo The Italian Army has recently become a professional all-volunteer force of 112,000 active duty personnel. ... The Royal Netherlands Army (Koninklijke Landmacht) is the land forces element of the Military of the Netherlands. ... The Norwegian Army is Norways military land force. ... The Republic of China Army (中華民國陸軍; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó LùjÅ«n) is the largest of the military branches of the Republic of China (Taiwan). ...

External links

Commons
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

See also

  • FV432 - a contemporary British vehicle
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Joint ventures: Airbus SAS (20%) | Eurofighter GmbH (33%) | MBDA (37.5%) | Saab (20.5%) | SELEX Sensors and Airborne Systems (25%) Airbus S.A.S. better known as simply Airbus, based in Toulouse, France, is the worlds top commercial aircraft manufacturer measured by deliveries and orders for 2003 and 2004. ... Eurofighter Jagdflugzeug GmbH is a multinational company which is tasked with co-ordinating the design, production and upgrade of the Eurofighter Typhoon. ... MBDA is a European arms company which manufactures missiles and is the result of the 2002 merger of Aérospatiale-Matra Missiles (of EADS), Alenia Marconi Systems missile divisions and Matra BAe Dynamics. ... SAAB redirects here. ... SELEX Sensors and Airborne Systems (Selex S&AS) is a major avionics joint venture created by the merger of Finmeccanicas Galileo Avionica and BAE Systems Avionics. ...

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