FACTOID # 21: 15% of Army recruits from South Dakota are Native American, which is roughly the same percentage for female Army recruits in the state.
 
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Encyclopedia > M101 howitzer
M101/M101A1 105 mm Howitzer

Marines from 11th Marines, 1st Marine Division fire a M101 105 mm Howitzer during the playing of taps at the Iwo Jima 60th Anniversary Commemorative on 26 March 2005
Type Howitzer
Place of origin United States of America
Service history
Used by Flag of the United States USA
Flag of Chile[Chile]
Flag of Canada Canada
Flag of Croatia Croatia
Flag of France France
Flag of Mexico Mexico
Flag of the Philippines Philippines
Flag of Uruguay Uruguay
Flag of South Vietnam State of Vietnam
Flag of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia
Flag of Australia Australia
Flag of Thailand[Thailand]
Wars World War II
Korean War
First Indochina War
Vietnam War
Production history
Manufacturer Rock Island Arsenal
Produced 1941
Variants M101A1, M101A2
Specifications
Weight 2 260 kg (4 980 lb)
Length 5.94 m (19.5 ft)
Barrel length 22 calibre: 2.31 m (7.58 ft)
Width 2.21 m (7.25 ft)
Height 1.73 m (5.66 ft)

Caliber 105 mm
Elevation -5' to +66'
Traverse 46'
Muzzle velocity 472 m/s (1 548 ft/s)
Maximum range 11 270 m (6.9 mi)

The 105 mm Howitzer M2A1(M101) was the standard medium field howitzer for the U.S. in World War II, seeing action in both European and Pacific theatres. Entering production in 1941, it quickly entered the war against the Japanese Imperial Army in the Pacific, where it gained a reputation for its accuracy and powerful punch. The M101 fired 105 mm H.E. semi-fixed ammunition and had a range of 11,200 m, making it suitable for supporting infantry. All these important qualities of the weapon, along with its widespread production, led to its adoption by many countries after the war. Its ammunition type also became the standard for many foreign countries' later models. After minor changes in the post war era, the howitzer became known as M101A1. It continued to see service in the Korean War, and Vietnam War. Though a similar model, the M102 howitzer, shared the same roles in battle, it never fully replaced the M101. Today the 101A1 has been retired by the U.S. military, though it continues to see service with many other countries. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Chile. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Croatia. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Philippines. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Uruguay. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Vietnam. ... Motto: None Official language Vietnamese Capital Saigon First Chief Emperor Bao Dai Last Chief Ngo Dinh Diem Rule Area South Vietnam (1954-) Independence  - Provisional  - Declared  - Recognised  - Dissolved From Franch rule May 27, 1948 June 14, 1949 1954 October 26, 1955 Currency Piastre National anthem Call to the Citizens Caution: The... Image File history File links Flag_of_SFR_Yugoslavia. ... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in the Latin alphabet, Југославија in Cyrillic; English: South Slavia) describes three political entities that existed one at a time on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe, during most of the 20th century. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Thailand. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Combatants United Nations:  Republic of Korea,  Australia,  Belgium,  Luxembourg,  Canada,  Colombia,  Ethiopia,  France,  Greece,  Luxembourg,  Netherlands,  New Zealand,  Philippines,  South Africa,  Thailand,  Turkey,  United Kingdom,  United States Medical staff:  Denmark,  Australia,  Italy,  Norway,  Sweden Communist states:  Democratic People’s Republic of Korea,  Peoples Republic of China,  Soviet Union Commanders... Combatants French Union France State of Vietnam Viet Minh Commanders Philippe Leclerc de Hauteclocque (1945-46) Jean-Étienne Valluy (1946-8) Roger Blaizot (1948-9) Marcel-Maurice Carpentier (1949-50) Jean de Lattre de Tassigny (1950-51) Raoul Salan (1952-3) Henri Navarre (1953-4) Ho Chi Minh Vo Nguyen... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... RIA is a company located in the Phillipines. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... The word calibre (British English) or caliber (American English) designates the interior diameter of a tube or the exterior diameter of a wire or rod. ... In ballistics, the elevation is the angle between the horizontal plane and the direction of the barrel of a gun, mortar or heavy artillery. ... A guns muzzle velocity is the speed at which the projectile leaves the muzzle of the gun. ... 19th century 12 pounder (5 kg) mountain howitzer displayed by the National Park Service at Fort Laramie in Wyoming, USA A howitzer is a type of artillery piece that is characterized by a relatively short barrel and the use of comparatively small explosive charges to propel projectiles at trajectories with... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Imperial Japanese Army (大日本帝国陸軍 Dai-Nippon Teikoku Rikugun) was in existence from the Meiji Reformation to the end of World War II. It was created to replace the traditional Japanese samurai with a modern Western-style conscript army. ... Combatants United Nations:  Republic of Korea,  Australia,  Belgium,  Luxembourg,  Canada,  Colombia,  Ethiopia,  France,  Greece,  Luxembourg,  Netherlands,  New Zealand,  Philippines,  South Africa,  Thailand,  Turkey,  United Kingdom,  United States Medical staff:  Denmark,  Australia,  Italy,  Norway,  Sweden Communist states:  Democratic People’s Republic of Korea,  Peoples Republic of China,  Soviet Union Commanders... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... The M102 howitzer firing First introduced during the Vietnam War, the M102 was the light-towed 105 mm howitzer used by the United States Army in Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm. ...


The Canadian Forces continued to use the M2A1 as the C1 Howitzer until 1997 when a modification was made to extend its service life. It is now designated the C3. Its improvements include a longer barrel, a muzzle brake, reinforced trails and the removal of shield flaps. It remains the standard light howitzer of Canadian reserve force units. The Canadian Forces (French: Forces canadiennes), abbreviated as CF (French: FC), are the unified armed forces of Canada. ...


France and the State of Vietnam used it during the First Indochina War. Motto: None Official language Vietnamese Capital Saigon First Chief Emperor Bao Dai Last Chief Ngo Dinh Diem Rule Area South Vietnam (1954-) Independence  - Provisional  - Declared  - Recognised  - Dissolved From Franch rule May 27, 1948 June 14, 1949 1954 October 26, 1955 Currency Piastre National anthem Call to the Citizens Caution: The... Combatants French Union France State of Vietnam Viet Minh Commanders Philippe Leclerc de Hauteclocque (1945-46) Jean-Étienne Valluy (1946-8) Roger Blaizot (1948-9) Marcel-Maurice Carpentier (1949-50) Jean de Lattre de Tassigny (1950-51) Raoul Salan (1952-3) Henri Navarre (1953-4) Ho Chi Minh Vo Nguyen...


A number of M2/M101 howitzers were used by Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and approximately 50 were inherited by Croatia. Yugoslavia manufactured the M101 as the M56, and 100 of these were inherited by Croatia. Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbo-Croatian (spoken throuout the territory), Slovenian, Macedonian, Albanian, Hungarian (all official), and languages of other nationalities. ...


M2 Howitzers are still in service in the Australian Army Reserve, albeit in small numbers. They are gradually being replaced by L118 Light Gun and M198 Howitzers. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The L118 Light Gun is a 105 mm towed howitzer, originally produced for the British Army in the 1970s and widely exported since, including to the United States, where a modified version is known as the M119A1. ... The M198 Howitzer during the Persian Gulf War The M198 howitzer is a medium-sized, towed artillery piece. ...


Also known as the M2A1 Howitzer.


This artillery piece was used by 67 countries.


See also

A list of the worlds artillery, by type. ... The List of military equipment of Croatia is an alphabetical listing of all types used by or produced in Croatia since independence in 1991. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
M101 105 mm howitzer
United States artillery of World War II

  Results from FactBites:
 
US M101 105MM HOWITZER (404 words)
The M101 and M101A1 105mm Light Howitzer, Towed is a general purpose, light field artillery weapon used by U.S. ground forces.
The M101A1 howitzer consists of a cannon (105mm howitzer M2A2), recoil mechanism (M2 series), and carriage (105mm Howitzer, M2A2).
The howitzer fires a 105mm (4.2-inch diameter) projectile which can be adjusted for distance and target.
Lightweight Artillery---Procrastinating With The M101 Howitzer (3787 words)
M101 howitzers are divided between the batteries for maintenance.
Eight M101 howitzers are tasked to the batteries for maintenance and operations as needed.
In the case of the M114 and M101 howitzers the orientation and training for their use is either the responsibility of the direct support battalion they fall under or the regiment will provide some form of organized schooling.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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