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Encyclopedia > Münster
Position - Münster in Germany
Münster: Prinzipalmarkt

Münster is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located in the northern part of the state and is considered to be the cultural centre of the Westphalia region. Population: 269.105 (30.06.2003), area 302.83 km². In 2003, Münster hosted the Central European Olympiad in Informatics (CEOI). Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Münster, Germany / 2003 / selfmade / GNU File links The following pages link to this file: Münster Categories: GFDL images ... Münster, Germany / 2003 / selfmade / GNU File links The following pages link to this file: Münster Categories: GFDL images ... North Rhine-Westphalia (German: Nordrhein-Westfalen) is the largest in population (though only fourth in area) among Germanys 16 federal states. ... Westphalia (in German, Westfalen) is a (historic) region in Germany, centred on the cities of Dortmund, Münster, Bielefeld, and Osnabrück and now included in the Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia (and the (south-)west of Lower Saxony). ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Central European Olympiad in Informatics (CEOI) is an annual informatics competition for secondary school students. ...


The University of Münster, founded in 1780, is the fourth biggest in Germany. The University of Münster (German Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, WWU) is a public university located in the city of Münster in Germany. ...

Contents

History

In 793 Charlemagne sent out as missionary the Frisian Liudger (later canonized) to convert the Saxons with whom he had been battling, offering as headquarters his recently demolished Frankish stronghold of Mimigernaford ("ford over the Aa river"), at the crossroads of the road from Cologne and the road to Frisia. Liutger was a product of Utrecht and the York school of Ethelbert, which produced many of the clerics who served in Charlemagne's chancelry. He built his church and cloister on the right bank of the Aa, on the height called the Horsteberg: it was the monastery ("monasterium") from which Münster derives its name. In 805 Liudger travelled to Rome to be ordained a bishop, and soon founded a school. The combination of ford and crossroad, marketplace, episcopal administration center, library and school, established Münster as an important center [1] (http://www.kirchensite.de/index.php?myELEMENT=78003). Events Vikings sack the monastery of Lindisfarne, Northumbria. ... A Frankish king, like Charlemagne, (center) depicted in the Sacramentary of Charles the Bald (about 870) Charlemagne (c. ... Friesian (alternate spelling: Frisian) can refer to: An inhabitant of Frisia (consisting of the province of Friesland in the Netherlands, and portions of the states of Lower Saxony and Schleswig-Holstein in Germany) - see Frisians The language spoken in Frisia - see Frisian language A breed of horse from Frisia, see... This article is about the Saxons, a Germanic people. ... Map of Germany showing Cologne Cologne (German: Köln [kœln]  listen?) is, in terms of population, the fourth largest city in Germany and largest city of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


In the Middle Ages Münster was a leading member of the Hanseatic League. In 1534 the Anabaptists took power in the Münster Rebellion and founded a democratic proto-socialistic state. The town was recaptured in 1535; the Anabaptists were tortured to death, their dead bodies were exhibited in cages, which hung from St. Lamberti's steeple. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... The foundations of the Hanseatic League (German: Hanse), an alliance of trading cities that for a time in the later Middle Ages and the Early Modern period maintained a trade monopoly over most of Northern Europe and the Baltic, can be seen as early as the 12th century, with the... Events May 10 - Jacques Cartier explores Newfoundland while searching for the Northwest Passage. ... Anabaptists (re-baptizers, from Greek ana and baptizo; in German: Wiedertäufer) are Christians of the so-called radical wing of the Protestant Reformation. ... The Münster Rebellion was an attempt by radical Anabaptists to establish a theocracy in Münster. ... Events January 18 - Lima, Peru founded by Francisco Pizarro April - Jacques Cartier discovers the Iroquois city of Stadacona, Canada (now Quebec) and in May, the even greater Huron city of Hochelaga (now Montreal) June 24 - The Anabaptist state of Münster (see Münster Rebellion) is conquered and disbanded. ...


The signing of the Peace of Westphalia of 1648 at Münster and Osnabrück guaranteed the future of the prince-bishop and the diocese; the area was to be exclusively Roman Catholic. The Ratification of the Treaty of Münster by Gerard Terborch (1648) Banquet of the Amsterdam Civic Guard in Celebration of the Peace of Münster by Bartholomeus van der Helst, 1648 The Peace of Westphalia, also known as the treaties of Münster and Osnabrück, is the series of treaties that ended... Events Peace treaty signed at Westphalia ends the Thirty Years War. ... Osnabrück is a city in the Westphalian half of Lower Saxony, Germany, some 80km NNW of Dortmund, 45km NNW of Münster, and some 100km due West of Hanover. ...


In 1780 the University of Münster was founded. 1780 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The University of Münster (German Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, WWU) is a public university located in the city of Münster in Germany. ...


In 1802 Münster was conquered by Prussia during the Napoleonic Wars. It became the capital of the Prussian province of Westphalia. 1802 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 The word Prussia (German: Preußen or Preussen, Polish: Prusy, Lithuanian: Prūsai, Latin: Borussia) has had various (often contradictory) meanings: The land of the Baltic Prussians (in what is now parts of southern Lithuania, the Kaliningrad exclave of Russia and... Napoleonic Wars are the wars fought during Napoleon Bonapartes rule of France. ...


In World War II Münster was mostly destroyed by Allied air raids, but it was rebuilt after the war in an ancient style. From 1974 onward, the city was the residence of the American artist Moondog, who idolized postwar Germany. Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km (over 11 miles) into the air. ... Moondog was the nom de plume of Louis T. Hardin (May 26, 1916 - September 8, 1999) He was a New York City street musician and former beat poet who was blinded as a young adult. ...


Münster was part of West Germany during the Cold War.


In 2004, Münster won the LivCom-Award for Liveable Communities. See the leaflet (.pdf) (http://www.muenster.de/stadt/umwelt/pdf/livcom2004.pdf) and the 10-min.-long DivX-coded film: the 48mb-version (http://www.muenster.de/stadt/umweltamt/livcom/livcom2004_320.avi) or the 87mb-version (http://www.muenster.de/stadt/umweltamt/livcom/livcom2004.avi) from the official Münster-homepage 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Sights

  • Prinzipalmarkt, marketplace in the city centre, with the town hall (14th century)
  • Saint Paulus Cathedral, 13th century, with an astronomical clock of 1540
  • Saint Lamberti, church (1375); the cages, which once exhibited the bodies of the Anabaptists, still hang from the steeple
  • Castle, built 1767-87 as residence for the bishop, now the administrative center for the University.

Buildings and Structures

The Fernmeldeturm Münster (Telecommunication Tower Münster) is the modern landmark of Münster completed in 1985/86. ... The University of Münster (German Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, WWU) is a public university located in the city of Münster in Germany. ...

City boroughs

  • Coerde
  • Kinderhaus
  • Sprakel
  • Handorf
  • Gelmer
  • Wolbeck
  • Gremmendorf
  • Angelmodde
  • Hiltrup
  • Amelsbüren
  • Berg Fidel
  • Mecklenbeck
  • Albachten
  • Gievenbeck
  • Roxel
  • Nienberge
  • Häger

City Mottos (running gag)

  • Either it's raining, or the bells are ringing. If both: then it's Sunday.
  • There's a pub opening up.

A motto is a phrase or collection of words intended to describe the motivation or intention of a sociological grouping or organization. ...

External links

  • City's official homepage (http://www.muenster.de)
  • Westphalian Wilhelms-University Münster (http://www.uni-muenster.de)
  • City Panoramas (http://www.panorama-cities.net/muenster/muenster.html) - Panoramic Views of Münster's

Highlights



Rural and urban districts in North Rhine-Westphalia from meta, converted to PNG File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... North Rhine-Westphalia (German: Nordrhein-Westfalen) is the largest in population (though only fourth in area) among Germanys 16 federal states. ...

Aachen (town) | Aachen (district) | Bielefeld | Bochum | Bonn | Borken | Bottrop | Cleves (Kleve) | Coesfeld | Cologne (Köln) | Dortmund | Duisburg | Düren | Düsseldorf | Ennepe-Ruhr | Essen | Euskirchen | Gelsenkirchen | Gütersloh | Hagen | Hamm | Heinsberg | Herford | Herne | Hochsauerland | Höxter | Krefeld | Leverkusen | Lippe | Märkischer Kreis | Mettmann | Minden-Lübbecke | Mönchengladbach | Mülheim | Münster | Oberbergischer Kreis | Oberhausen | Olpe | Paderborn | Recklinghausen | Remscheid | Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis | Rhein-Erft-Kreis | Rhein-Kreis Neuss | Rhein-Sieg | Siegen-Wittgenstein | Soest | Solingen | Steinfurt | Unna | Viersen | Warendorf | Wesel | Wuppertal Map of Germany showing Aachen Aachen (French Aix-la-Chapelle) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, on the border with Belgium and the Netherlands, 65 km to the west of Cologne, and the westernmost city in Germany, at 50°46′ N 6°6′ E. Population: 256,605 (2003). ... The district of Aachen (Kreis Aachen) is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Map of Germany showing Bielefeld Bielefeld is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Map of Germany showing location of Bochum Bochum is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Bonn is a city in Germany (Population (2004 est): 313,605 ; the 19th largest city in Germany), in the Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia, located about 20 kilometres south of Cologne on the river Rhine. ... Categories: Districts of North Rhine-Westphalia ... Map of Germany showing Bottrop Bottrop is a city in west central Germany, on the Rhine-Herne Canal, in North Rhine-Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen). ... Categories: Districts of North Rhine-Westphalia ... Categories: Districts of North Rhine-Westphalia ... Map of Germany showing Cologne Cologne (German: Köln [kœln]  listen?) is, in terms of population, the fourth largest city in Germany and largest city of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia. ... Map of Germany showing Dortmund Dortmund is a city in Germany, located in the Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia, in the Ruhr area. ... Location of Duisburg Duisburg is a German city in the western part of the Ruhr Area (Ruhrgebiet) in North Rhine-Westphalia. ... Düren is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Düsseldorf in Germany The Düsseldorf Coat of Arms Düsseldorf is the capital city of the German federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia. ... The Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis is a district in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Map of Germany showing Essen Essen [ˈɛsn̩] is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Euskirchen is a Kreis (district) in the south-west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Gelsenkirchen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Gütersloh is a Kreis ( district) in the north-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Map of Germany showing Hagen Hagen is the 37th largest city in Germany, located in the Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia. ... Map of Germany showing Hamm Hamm is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Heinsberg is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Herford is a Kreis (district) in the northeastern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Map of Germany showing Herne Herne is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Hochsauerland is a Kreis (district) in the east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Höxter is a Kreis ( district) in the east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Krefeld is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Map of Germany showing Leverkusen Leverkusen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... This article is about the district Lippe. ... The Märkische Kreis is a district (Kreis) in central North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Mettmann is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Minden-Lübbecke is a Kreis (district) in the northeastern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Mönchengladbach is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Mülheim an der Ruhr is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia in Germany. ... The Oberbergische Kreis is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Oberhausen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Olpe is a Kreis (district) in the south-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Paderborn is a Kreis (district) in the east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Recklinghausen is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Remscheid is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The Rheinisch-Bergische Kreis is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The Rhein-Erft-Kreis is a district in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Neuss is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The Rhein-Sieg-Kreis is a Kreis (district) in the south of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Siegen-Wittgenstein is a Kreis (district) in the south-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Soest is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Solingen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Steinfurt is a Kreis (district) in the northern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The Unna district is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Viersen is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Warendorf is a Kreis (district) in the northern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Wesel is a Kreis (district) in the norther-western part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Wuppertal is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ...

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