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Encyclopedia > Märkischer Kreis
Märkischer Kreis
Statistics
Germany is a federation of 16 states called Länder (singular Land) or unofficially Bundesländer (singular Bundesland, German federal state). Each Land is represented at the federal level in the Bundesrat. The 16 Länder are: Baden-Württemberg Bavaria (Bayern) Berlin (city-state) Brandenburg Bremen (city-state) Hamburg... State: With eighteen million inhabitants inhabiting 34,080 km in western-northwestern Germany, North Rhine-Westphalia (German Nordrhein-Westfalen) is largest in population though only fourth in area among Germanys sixteen federal states. The capital is D sseldorf. Geography North Rhine-Westphalia borders on (from the west and clockwise) Belgium... North Rhine-Westphalia
Capital: Lüdenscheid
A Regierungsbezirk is an administrative region of Germany, a subdivision of certain federal states (Bundesländer). Regierungsbezirke are themselves further divided into districts (Kreise), either Landkreise or urban districts: cities which constitute a district in their own right (kreisfreie Städte). The Regierungsbezirk is governed by a Bezirksregierung and led... Adm. Region: Arnsberg is one of the five Regierungsbezirke of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, located in the south_east of the country. It covers the Sauerland hills as well as the east part of the Ruhr area. External links Official website Categories: Regierungsbezirk ... Arnsberg
Area: 1,058.949 Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. It is one of the SI derived units. 1 km² is equal to: the area of a square measuring 1 kilometre on each side 1 000 000 m2 100 hectares 0.386 102 square miles... km²
Inhabitants: 457,465 (2001)
Population density can be used as a measurement of any tangible item. However it is most frequently applied to living organisms, humans in particular. Population density is usually expressed in terms of items or organisms per unit area. Definitions of population density Population density, according to the definition above, depends... pop. density: 432 inh./km²
Car identification: MK
Homepage: http://www.maerkischer-kreis.de
Map

The Märkische Kreis is a Districts are a form of local government in several countries. Austria In Austria, a district is an administrative subdivision normally encompassing several municipalities, roughly equivalent to the Landkreis in Germany. The administrative office of a district, the Bezirkshauptmannschaft is headed by the Bezirkshauptmann. It is in charge of the administration... district (Kreis) in central With eighteen million inhabitants inhabiting 34,080 km in western-northwestern Germany, North Rhine-Westphalia (German Nordrhein-Westfalen) is largest in population though only fourth in area among Germanys sixteen federal states. The capital is D sseldorf. Geography North Rhine-Westphalia borders on (from the west and clockwise) Belgium... North Rhine-Westphalia, The Federal Republic of Germany ( German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland) is one of the worlds leading industrialised countries, located in the heart of Europe. Due to its central location, Germany has more neighbours than any other European country: these are Denmark in the north, Poland and the Czech Republic in the... Germany. Neighbouring districts are The Unna district is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Coesfeld, district-free city Hamm, Soest, Märkischer Kreis, district-free cities Hagen and Dortmund, and the Recklinghausen district. History The area of the Unna district belonged to the earldom Mark, which... Unna, Soest is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Warendorf, Gütersloh, Paderborn, Hochsauerland, Märkischer Kreis, Unna and the district-free city Hamm. History In medieval times Soest was the biggest city of Westphalia, however after it liberated itself from the bishops... Soest, Hochsauerland is a Kreis (district) in the east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Soest, Paderborn, Höxter, Waldeck-Frankenberg, Siegen-Wittgenstein, Olpe, Märkischer Kreis. History The district was established in 1975 in the reorganization of the districts in North Rhine-Westphalia by merging the previous districts... Hochsauerland, Olpe is a Kreis (district) in the south-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Märkischer Kreis, Hochsauerland, Siegen-Wittgenstein, Altenkirchen, Oberbergischer Kreis. History The district was created in 1817 as Bilsteiner Kreis, in 1819 the capital was set to be Olpe. During the reorganization of the... Olpe, The Oberbergische Kreis is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Ennepe-Ruhr, Märkischer Kreis, Olpe, Altenkirchen, Rhein-Sieg, Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis, and the district-free cities Remscheid and Wuppertal. History The area of the Bergisches Land did belong to the earldom... Oberbergischer Kreis, The Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis is a district in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is bounded by (from the north and clockwise) the district-free cities of Bochum, Dortmund and Hagen, the districts of Märkischer Kreis and Oberbergischer Kreis, the city of Wuppertal, the district of Mettmann... Ennepe-Ruhr, and the city of Hagen is also the name of a legendary hero in medieval German literature. Map of Germany showing Hagen Hagen is the 37th largest city in Germany, located in the Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia. It is located on the eastern edge of the Ruhr area - 15 km south of Dortmund... Hagen.

Contents

History

The district was created in 1975 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1975 calendar). Events January January 1 - Watergate scandal: John N. Mitchell, H. R. Haldeman, John D. Ehrlichman are found guilty of the Watergate cover-up and are sentenced to between 30 months and 8 years in... 1975 as part of the reorganization of With eighteen million inhabitants inhabiting 34,080 km in western-northwestern Germany, North Rhine-Westphalia (German Nordrhein-Westfalen) is largest in population though only fourth in area among Germanys sixteen federal states. The capital is D sseldorf. Geography North Rhine-Westphalia borders on (from the west and clockwise) Belgium... North Rhine-Westphalian districts. The former districts of Lüdenscheid and Iserlohn, together with the city of Iserlohn, plus the area around Balve (previously part of Arnsberg District) were amalgamated to form the new district. Lüdenscheid District itself had been created just a few years earlier, in 1968 was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). Events Undated Booker Prize for Fiction is established by Booker plc. 1968 is known as the year of the Prague Spring and also the year of the Paris riots. The ASCII character code is... 1968, when the city of Lüdenscheid was merged with Altena District (originally created in Events January 1 - Britain and its colonies adopt the idea that 1st January should be New Years Day, following adoption of the Gregorian calendar in September 1752. The concept was first conceived in 1582, but suffered from slow public adoption. April 5 – Founding charter of the Sweden adopts... 1753). The name Märkische Kreis was chosen in recognition of the fact that part of the territory formerly belonged to the earldom of Mark was a medieval territory in todays North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It comprised the lands north of the Ruhr River. The northern portion (north of the Lippe River) is still called Hohe Mark (Higher Mark). The former Lower Mark (between Ruhr and Lippe rivers) is the present Ruhr area... Mark.


Twinning

Twinning with Wrexham is a county borough in northern Wales. It covers parts of the traditional county of Denbighshire around Wrexham itself, and the detached parts of Flintshire - English Maelor and Marford. It is named after Wrexham, its main town, has a population of 130,000 inhabitants. Other places in the borough... Wrexham County Borough ( For alternate meanings, see Wales (disambiguation) National motto: Cymru am byth (Welsh: Wales for ever) Official languages: English and Welsh Capital: Cardiff First Minister: Rhodri Morgan AM Area  - Total:  - % water: Ranked 3rd UK 20,779 km² xx% Population  - Total (2001):  - Density: Ranked 3rd UK 2,903... Wales, The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and a member of the British Commonwealth and European Union. Usually known simply as the United Kingdom, UK or, inaccurately, as Great Britain or Britain, the UK has four constituent parts. Three of these parts... United Kingdom) dates from 1970 was a common year starting on Thursday. Events January-February January 1 - Construction begins on Arcosanti, by Paolo Soleri, in Mayer, Arizona, located 65, miles north of Phoenix, Arizona. January 1 - Unix epoch at 00:00:00 UTC. January 12 - Biafra capitulates, ending the Nigerian civil war. January 15... 1970 and was initiated by the precursor district, Iserlohn.


In 1992 is a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. Events January January - The Internet Society is formed. January 1 Boutros Boutros-Ghali of Egypt replaces Javier Pérez de Cuéllar of Peru as United Nations Secretary-General George H. W. Bush becomes the first... 1992 a twinning agreement was reached with the Finsterwalde District of For other uses, see Brandenburg (disambiguation). Surrounding but excluding the national capital Berlin, Brandenburg is one of Germanys sixteen West Germany and East Germany. The capital is Poland in the east, Saxony in the south, Saxony_Anhalt in the west and Lower Saxony in the northwest. The Oder river forms... Brandenburg, unofficial relations between the two districts having existed since German reunification in 1990 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. Events 1990 in video gaming January January 3 - Former leader of Panama Manuel Noriega surrenders to American forces. January 7 - The Leaning Tower of Pisa is closed to the public due to safety concerns. January 9 - Lt Gen... 1990. Following Finsterwald's merger with the district of Elbe-Elster is a Kreis (district) in the southern part of Brandenburg, Germany. Neighboring districts are Teltow-Fläming, Dahme-Spreewald, Oberspreewald-Lausitz, Riesa-Großenhain, Torgau-Oschatz, Wittenberg. The district has a partnership with the Märkischer Kreis. History The district was established in 1993 by merging the former... Elbe-Elster, twinning with the new district was reconfirmed in 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. Events Environmental change The invasive species Asian long-horned beetle is found in New York January 7 - One of the worst blizzards in American history hits eastern... 1996.


In 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. By strict interpretation of the Gregorian Calendar, 2001 is also the first year of the 21st century and the 3rd millenium. Popular culture, however, often views the year 2000 as holding this distinction. 2001 is also the year... 2001 a twinning agreement was officially established with the The Republic of Poland, a democratic country with a population of 38,626,349 and area of 312,685 km², is located in Central Europe, between Germany to the west, the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south, Ukraine and Belarus to the east, and the Baltic Sea, Lithuania... Polish district of Racibórz (Ratiboř in Czech) is a town in south Poland with 65,100 inhabitants (1995). Situated in the Silesian Voivodship (since 1999), previously in Katowice Voivodship (1975-1998). The roots of a city go back to the deep history. Name of Raciborz is of Slavic (Polish) origin and... Racibórz.


Geography

Geographically speaking, the Märkische Kreis covers the northwestern part of the The Sauerland is a hill chain in the south-west of North Rhine-Westphalia. It is an area covered with a lot of forests, and is sparsely inhabited. History The name Sauerland does not originate from the German word sauer meaning sour, but from the word sur from medieval Low... Sauerland mountains, south of the Categories: Germany geography stubs | German rivers ... Ruhr valley. The highest point, at 683 metres above sea level, is the Nordhelle. The district's principal river is the The Lenne is a river in the Sauerland area in western Germany. Starting at the Kahler Asten near Winterberg in an intermittiant spring the Lenne ends after 138 km in the Ruhr river near the city of Hagen. Its the main tributary of the Ruhr, both rivers start very... Lenne. Although most of the district is covered by forest and is rather sparsely inhabited, the area has had a long industrial history: it was, in fact, the very abundance of timber in the area which made Steel framework Steel is a metal alloy whose major component is iron, with carbon being the primary alloying material. Carbon acts as a hardening agent, preventing iron atoms, which are naturally arranged in a lattice, from sliding past one another. Varying the amount of carbon and its distribution in the... steel-working possible here long before Categories: Germany geography stubs | German rivers ... Ruhr coal became readily available.


Coat of arms

Coat of arms of the Märkischer Kreis The lion and chequerboard are taken from the old coat of arms of the district of Map of Germany showing Altena Altena is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located at the north of the Sauerland in the Lenne river valley, at 51° 18 North, 7° 40 East. Population: 21,831 (2001). Area: 44.29 km². It belongs to the district Märkischer... Altena, which derived from the arms of the Mark was a medieval territory in todays North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It comprised the lands north of the Ruhr River. The northern portion (north of the Lippe River) is still called Hohe Mark (Higher Mark). The former Lower Mark (between Ruhr and Lippe rivers) is the present Ruhr area... earls of Mark. In the first half (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. In the history of European culture, this period is considered part of the High Middle Ages. Events Fourth through eighth crusades... 13th century a seal with both the bar and the lion was used, first used Adolf I of Altena (1199-1241). Engelbert I of the Mark (1249-1277) dropped the lion in his seal. The original Tinctures are the colours used to blazon coats of arms in heraldry. Basic tinctures There are seven tinctures, consisting of two metals (light tinctures) and five colours (dark tinctures). * Or is usually spelt with a capital letter (Gules, a fess Or) so as not to confuse it with the conjunction... color of the lion isn't known, thus a black lion with red tongue and claws was chosen. The black cross comes from the arms of The article about perfume can be found at Eau de Cologne. Map of Germany showing Cologne Cologne (German: Köln [kœln]) (population 965,954 as of December 31, 2003), is the fourth largest city in Germany and largest city of the North Rhine-Westphalia state. It is the... Cologne, as the eastern part of the area historically belonged to the Bishops of Cologne.

The coat of arms was designed by the heraldic Waldemar Mallek, and was granted on May 6 is the 126th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (127th in leap years). There are 239 days remaining. Events 1527 - Spanish and German troops sack Rome; some consider this the end of the Renaissance. 1682 - Louis XIV of France moves his court to Versailles. 1835 - James... May 6, 1976 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). Events January-February January 12 - UN Security Council votes 11-1 to admit the Palestinian Liberation Organization January 15 - Would-be Gerald Ford presidential assassin Sara Jane Moore is sentenced to life in prison January 16... 1976.

Towns and municipalities

Cities Municipalities
  1. Map of Germany showing Altena Altena is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located at the north of the Sauerland in the Lenne river valley, at 51° 18 North, 7° 40 East. Population: 21,831 (2001). Area: 44.29 km². It belongs to the district Märkischer... Altena
  2. Map of Germany showing Balve Balve is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located at the north end of the Sauerland at the Hönne river, at 51° 20 North, 7° 52 East. Population: 12,377 (2001). Area: 74.75 km². It belongs to the district M... Balve
  3. Halver is a town in the district Märkischer Kreis, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It has a population of 18,083 (2004) and covers an area of 77.37 km², of which 51% are used agricultural and 35% are forests. As it is located in the hills of the Sauerland... Halver
  4. Map of Germany showing Hemer Hemer is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located at the north end of the Sauerland near the Ruhr river, at 51° 23 North, 7° 46 East. Population: 38,206 (2002). Area: 67.55 km². The highest elevation with 546 m is... Hemer
  5. Map of Germany showing Iserlohn Iserlohn is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located at the north end of the Sauerland near the Ruhr river, at 51° 23 North, 7° 40 East. Population: 102,456 (2001). Area: 125.50 km². Its the biggest city in the... Iserlohn
  6. Kierspe is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located at the west of the Sauerland at Volme River. Population 18,702 (2002). Area 71.62 km². Kierspe belongs to the district Märkischer Kreis. History In 1003 the small castle Haus Rhade, today belonging to Kierspe, is... Kierspe
  1. Lüdenscheid
  2. Meinerzhagen is a town in the Märkischer Kreis, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. As of 2003 it has a population of 23,257. Geography Meinerzhagen is located in the hills of the Sauerland. The highest elevation is the Nordhelle with 663 m above sea level, the lowest elevation at the... Meinerzhagen
  3. Menden (Sauerland) is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located at the north end of the Sauerland near the Ruhr river, at 51° 26 North, 7° 48 East. Population: 60,273 (2001). Area: 86.08 km². It belongs to the district Märkischer Kreis. History Mendens... Menden
  4. Neuenrade is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, located in the hills of the Sauerland in the Märkischer Kreis. As of 2003 it has a population of 12,938. Geography The highest elevation in the town area is the Kohlberg with an altitude of 514 m above sea... Neuenrade
  5. Location of Plettenberg in Germany Plettenberg is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located in the east of the Sauerland hills, in the Märkischer Kreis. As of 2003 it has a population of 29,625. Geography The city is located at 51°12 North 7°53... Plettenberg
  6. Werdohl is a town in the Märkischer Kreis, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. As of 2003 it has a population of 20,827. Geography Werdohl is located in the hills of the Sauerland, at a double meander of the river Lenne and its confluent, the Verse. The highest elevation is... Werdohl
  1. Herscheid is a municipality in the southern Märkischer Kreis, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. As of 2002 it has a population of 7,672. Geography Herscheid is located in the Ebbegebirge, a part of the Sauerland hills. The altitudes in the municipality stretch from 250m above sea level in the... Herscheid
  2. Nachrodt-Wiblingwerde is a municipality in the Märkischer Kreis, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. As of 2004 it has a population of 7,012. Geography The municipality is split into two main settlements. Nachrodt is located in the valley of the river Lenne at an altitude of 140 m above... Nachrodt-Wiblingwerde
  3. Schalksmühle

Politics

The district is led by a Landrat. Originally the Landrat was only a representative post, while the Oberkreisdirektor was the head of the administration, however since 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Common Era, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. Events Kosovo War Shooting in Littleton, Colorado, United States, leaves several high school students dead. Y2K preparation was a major event in 1999 both in... 1999 the two posts are unified.

Landrat Oberkreisdirektor
  • Heinz Bickmann (CDU) - 1975 (provisional)
  • Dr. Walter Hostert (CDU) - 1975-1994
  • Klaus Tweer (SPD) - 1994-1999
  • Aloys Steppuhn (CDU) - since 1999
  • Wilfried Droste (SPD) - 1975 (provisional)
  • Dr. Jürgen Albath (SPD) - 1975-1986
  • Dr. Bernhard Schneider (CDU) - 1986-1999

The last election was on September 26 is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 96 days remaining. Events 1580 - Sir Francis Drake circumnavigates the globe 1687 - The Parthenon in Athens is partially destroyed after an explosion caused by the bombing from Venetian forces led by Morozini... September 26, 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. It was designated the: International Year of Rice (by the United Nations) International Year to Commemorate the Struggle against Slavery and its Abolition (by UNESCO) Elections were held in 73 countries during 2004. See a list of elections... 2004.

Party Votes Seats
The Christian Democratic Union (CDU - Christlich Demokratische Union) is a political party in Germany, founded after World War II by Konrad Adenauer among others. A moderate Christian party, the CDU is the biggest conservative political party in Germany. It is also a member of the International Democrat Union. In Bavaria... CDU 44.4% 32
The Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD – Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands) is the second oldest political party of Germany still in existence and also one of the oldest and largest in the world, celebrating its 140th anniversary in 2003. Rooted in the workers movement, it is left-of-center and... SPD 30.0% 22
Bündnis 90/Die Grünen (literally: Alliance 90/The Greens), the German Green Party, is a political party in Germany whose regional predecessors were founded in the late 1970s as part of the new social movements. In 1980 the party was founded as Die Grünen on a federal... Greens 7.7% 6
Categories: Politics stubs | Liberal related stubs | German political parties | Liberal parties ... FDP 7.4% 5
Independent (UWG) 6.7% 5
Categories: Stub | Right-wing populists | German political parties ... NPD 1.9 % 1
Categories: Politics stubs | Right-wing populists | German political parties ... Republican 1.8 % 1

External links

  • Official website (http://www.maerkischer-kreis.de) (German)
  • Touristical website for the Märkische Kreis (http://www.mk-tourismus.de) (German)


from meta, converted to PNG File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. Click on date to download the file or see the image uploaded on that date. (del) (cur) 11:07, 27 Aug 2002 . . Magnus Manske (1168...

Rural and urban districts in With eighteen million inhabitants inhabiting 34,080 km in western-northwestern Germany, North Rhine-Westphalia (German Nordrhein-Westfalen) is largest in population though only fourth in area among Germanys sixteen federal states. The capital is D sseldorf. Geography North Rhine-Westphalia borders on (from the west and clockwise) Belgium... North Rhine-Westphalia

Map of Germany showing Aachen Aachen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, on the border with Belgium and the Netherlands, 65 km to the west of Cologne, and the westernmost city in Germany, at 50°46 N, 6°6 E. Population: 256,605 (2003). The RWTH Aachen University... Aachen (town) | The district of Aachen (Kreis Aachen) is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Heinsberg, Düren, Euskirchen, district-free Aachen (the city, giving the surrounding district the name, but is not part of the district), and also the province Limburg (Netherlands) and... Aachen (district) | Map of Germany showing Bielefeld Bielefeld is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located on both the western and eastern slopes of the Teutoburg Forest. Population: 325,000. The current mayor is Eberhard David. The name Bielefeld is derived from the old name bileveld, which means hilly... Bielefeld | Map of Germany showing location of Bochum Bochum is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located in the Ruhr area between the cities of Essen and Dortmund. Population (30.11.2003): 393,324 . German Mining Museum History Although Bochum was founded in the 14th century, the town... Bochum | Map of Germany showing Bonn Watershed of the Rhine river Bonn is a city in Germany (Population (2002 est): 310 930, the 19th largest city in Germany), in the Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia, located ca. 20 kilometres south of Cologne on the river Rhine. It was the capital of... Bonn | Categories: Districts of North Rhine-Westphalia ... Borken | Categories: Germany geography stubs | Cities in Germany ... Bottrop | Categories: Districts of North Rhine-Westphalia ... Cleves (Kleve) | Categories: Districts of North Rhine-Westphalia ... Coesfeld | The article about perfume can be found at Eau de Cologne. Map of Germany showing Cologne Cologne (German: Köln [kœln]) (population 965,954 as of December 31, 2003), is the fourth largest city in Germany and largest city of the North Rhine-Westphalia state. It is the... Cologne (Köln) | Map of Germany showing Dortmund Dortmund is a city in Germany, located in the Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia, in the Ruhr area. Population: 587,288 (1 January 2004). The River Ruhr flows to the south of the city and the Datteln-Hamm Canal to the north. The Dortmund-Ems... Dortmund | Location of Duisburg Duisburg is a German city in the western part of the Ruhr Area (Ruhrgebiet) in North Rhine-Westphalia. It is a district-free city in the Regierungsbezirk Düsseldorf. The harbour of Duisburg is the largest inland port in the world. Duisburg has a university which merged... Duisburg | Düren is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Heinsberg, Neuss, Rhein-Erft-Kreis, Euskirchen and Aachen. History The district was created in 1972 by merging the former districts of Jülich and Düren. Both districts date back... Düren | Düsseldorf in Germany The Düsseldorf Coat of Arms Düsseldorf is the capital city of the German federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia. Vital statistics Name: Düsseldorf Country: Germany State: North Rhine-Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen) Population: 571,150 Time zone: UTC +1h, UTC... Düsseldorf | The Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis is a district in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is bounded by (from the north and clockwise) the district-free cities of Bochum, Dortmund and Hagen, the districts of Märkischer Kreis and Oberbergischer Kreis, the city of Wuppertal, the district of Mettmann... Ennepe-Ruhr | Map of Germany showing Essen Essen [ˈɛsn̩] is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located on the Ruhr river, there being the second largest city of the Ruhr area and the 6th largest city of Germany. Population: 586,205 (as of 30.06.2004... Essen | Euskirchen is a Kreis (district) in the south-west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Aachen, Düren, Rhein-Erft-Kreis, Rhein-Sieg, Ahrweiler, Daun, Bitburg-Prüm, and the Liège province (Belgium). History In 1827 a first district around the city of Euskirchen was created, however... Euskirchen | Gelsenkirchen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located in the northern part of the Ruhr area. Its population as of 31 December 2002 was 274,926. Gelsenkirchen was first documented in 1150, but it remained a tiny village until the 19th century, when the Industrial Revolution... Gelsenkirchen | Gütersloh is a Kreis ( district) in the north-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Osnabrück, Herford, district-free Bielefeld, Lippe, Paderborn, Soest and Warendorf. History It was created in 1973 in the reorganization of the districts in North Rhine-Westphalia, when the previous... Gütersloh | Hagen is also the name of a legendary hero in medieval German literature. Map of Germany showing Hagen Hagen is the 37th largest city in Germany, located in the Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia. It is located on the eastern edge of the Ruhr area - 15 km south of Dortmund... Hagen | Map of Germany showing Hamm Hamm is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located on the Lippe River, northeast of the Ruhr area. Population: 184.961 (status 31.12.2003). The town was founded in 1226 by count Adolf I of Mark. The name Hamm means corner... Hamm | Heinsberg is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Viersen, district-free city Mönchengladbach, Neuss, Düren and Aachen, and also the Dutch province Limburg. History The area did fall to Prussia in 1815, which in 1816 created the three districts Heinsberg... Heinsberg | Herford is a Kreis (district) in the northeastern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Minden-Lübbecke, Lippe, the district-free city Bielefeld, and the districts Gütersloh and Osnabrück. History The region is also known as Widukinds land, because here the last fights of... Herford | Map of Germany showing Herne Herne is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located in the Ruhr area directly between the cities of Bochum and Gelsenkirchen. Population: 169,200 (2001). Like most other cities in the region Herne was a tiny village until the 19th century. When... Herne | Hochsauerland is a Kreis (district) in the east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Soest, Paderborn, Höxter, Waldeck-Frankenberg, Siegen-Wittgenstein, Olpe, Märkischer Kreis. History The district was established in 1975 in the reorganization of the districts in North Rhine-Westphalia by merging the previous districts... Hochsauerland | Höxter is a Kreis ( district) in the east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Holzminden, Northeim, Kassel, Waldeck-Frankenberg, Hochsauerland, Paderborn, Lippe. History In 1816 the new Prussian government created three districts in the area, Höxter, Brakel and Warburg. In 1832 Höxter... Höxter | Krefeld is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located southwest of the Ruhr area, just a few kilometres west of the Rhine. (The borough of Uerdingen is situated directly on the Rhine.) Population: 238,100. The city was known as Crefeld until 1900. It is accessed by... Krefeld | Map of Germany showing Leverkusen Leverkusen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located on the eastern bank of the Rhine, half way between Cologne and Düsseldorf. Population: 162,300 (1999). The city of Leverkusen is a product of economic growth in the Rhine-Ruhr region... Leverkusen | This article is about the district Lippe. For the same-named river see Lippe river. Lippe is a Kreis (district) in the east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Herford, Minden-Lübbecke, Schaumburg, Hamelin-Pyrmont, Holzminden, Höxter, Paderborn, Gütersloh, and district-free Bielefeld. History The... Lippe | Märkischer Kreis | Mettmann is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring are the Ennepe-Ruhr and the district-free cities Wuppertal, Solingen, Düsseldorf, Duisburg, Mülheim, Essen. History In the 12th century the area of todays district became the property of the earldom Berg. When... Mettmann | Minden-Lübbecke | Mönchengladbach | Mülheim | Münster is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located in the northern part of the state and is considered to be the cultural centre of the Westphalia region. Population: 269.105 (30.06.2003), area 302.83 km². In 2003, Münster hosted... Münster | Neuss is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring are district-free cities Krefeld, Duisburg, Düsseldorf, Cologne, the districts Rhein-Erft-Kreis, Düren, Heinsberg, district-free Mönchengladbach and the district Viersen. History In 1816 the districts Grevenbroich and Neuss were created when... Neuss | The Oberbergische Kreis is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Ennepe-Ruhr, Märkischer Kreis, Olpe, Altenkirchen, Rhein-Sieg, Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis, and the district-free cities Remscheid and Wuppertal. History The area of the Bergisches Land did belong to the earldom... Oberbergischer Kreis | Oberhausen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located in the Ruhr area, 30 km to the north of Düsseldorf. Population: 220,033 (31.12.2003). The city is a product of economical growth in the 19th century. It was rural area until about 1860, when... Oberhausen | Olpe is a Kreis (district) in the south-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Märkischer Kreis, Hochsauerland, Siegen-Wittgenstein, Altenkirchen, Oberbergischer Kreis. History The district was created in 1817 as Bilsteiner Kreis, in 1819 the capital was set to be Olpe. During the reorganization of the... Olpe | Paderborn is a Kreis (district) in the east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Gütersloh, Lippe, Höxter, Hochsauerland, and Soest. History Paderborn was a clerical state until it was included into Prussia in 1803. After the Napoleonic wars when Prussia created the province Westphalia it also... Paderborn | Recklinghausen is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Borken, Coesfeld, Unna, district-free cities Dortmund, Bochum, Herne, Essen, Gelsenkirchen and Bottrop, and the district Wesel. History In medieval times the area around Recklinghausen was the Vest Recklinghausen, a territory which belonged to... Recklinghausen | Remscheid is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located on the northern edge of the region called Bergisches Land, south of the Ruhr area. Population: 120,600 (1999). Remscheid was founded in the 12th century, but it was a tiny village until the 19th century. The economic... Remscheid | The Rheinisch-Bergische Kreis is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring are the districts Oberbergischer Kreis and Rhein-Sieg, and the district-free cities Cologne, Leverkusen, Solingen and Remscheid. History The area of the Bergisches Land did belong to the earldom Berg for most... Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis | The Rhein-Erft-Kreis is a district in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Neuss, district-free Cologne, Rhein-Sieg, Euskirchen, Düren. History The district in its current borders was created in 1975, when the previous districts Bergheim and Cologne were merged. Becoming effective on... Rhein-Erft-Kreis | The Rhein-Sieg-Kreis is a Kreis (district) in the south of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis, Oberbergischer Kreis, Altenkirchen, Neuwied, Ahrweiler, Euskirchen, Rhein-Erft-Kreis, district-free Cologne, and nearly completely surrounded by the district is the district-free Bonn. History It district as... Rhein-Sieg | Siegen-Wittgenstein is a Kreis (district) in the south-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Olpe, Hochsauerland, Waldeck-Frankenberg, Marburg-Biedenkopf, Lahn-Dill, Westerwaldkreis, Altenkirchen. History In 1816/17 the two districts of Siegen and Wittgenstein were created as parts of the Prussian province Westphalia. In 1974... Siegen-Wittgenstein | Soest is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Warendorf, Gütersloh, Paderborn, Hochsauerland, Märkischer Kreis, Unna and the district-free city Hamm. History In medieval times Soest was the biggest city of Westphalia, however after it liberated itself from the bishops... Soest | Solingen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located on the northern edge of the region called Bergisches Land, south of the Ruhr area. Population: 163,600 (2001). Solingen is called the town of blades, since it is known for the manufacturing of knives and scissors. In... Solingen | Steinfurt is a Kreis (district) in the northern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Bentheim, Emsland, district-free Osnabrück and the Osnabrück district, Warendorf, district-free Münster, Coesfeld, Borken. Geography The district is situated at the Lower Saxonian border, north of Münster. The... Steinfurt | The Unna district is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Coesfeld, district-free city Hamm, Soest, Märkischer Kreis, district-free cities Hagen and Dortmund, and the Recklinghausen district. History The area of the Unna district belonged to the earldom Mark, which... Unna | Viersen is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Cleves, Wesel, district-free Krefeld, Neuss, district-free Mönchengladbach, Heinsberg and the Dutch province Limburg. History In 1816 the new prussian government created the district Kempen, originally belonging to the Regierungsbezirk Kleve, but... Viersen | Warendorf is a Kreis (district) in the northern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Steinfurt, Osnabrück (district), Gütersloh, Soest, district-free city Hamm, Coesfeld and the district-free city Münster. History In medieval times the region was part of the bishopric principality of M... Warendorf | Wesel is a Kreis (district) in the norther-western part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Borken, Recklinghausen, district-free cities Bottrop, Oberhausen, Duisburg and Krefeld, districts Viersen, Cleves. History The district was created in 1975 by merging the previous districts Dinslaken, Moers and Rees, which were created... Wesel | Wuppertal is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located on the Wupper river south of the Ruhr area. Population 376,700 (1999). It is a major industrial centre including such industries as: textiles, metallurgy, chemicals, medicine ( Bayer), electric, rubber, vehicles and printing equipment. The city was formed... Wuppertal

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