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Encyclopedia > Lysistrata
Lysistrata


Lysistrata illustration by Aubrey Beardsley Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (762x1136, 153 KB) Summary Lysistrata Aubrey Beardsley 1896 Licensing The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author... Aubrey Beardsley Aubrey Vincent Beardsley (August 21, 1872 – March 16, 1898) was an influential English illustrator, and author, best known for his erotic illustrations. ...

Written by Aristophanes
Chorus Women
Old men
Characters Lysistrata
Cleonice
Myrrhine
Lampito
Magistrates
Cinesias
Child of Cinesias
Spartan herald
Envoys
Athenians
Setting Before the Propylaea which is the gateway to the Acropolis

Lysistrata (Attic Greek: Λυσιστράτη Lysistratê, Doric Greek: Λυσιστράτα Lysistrata), loosely translated to "she who disbands armies", is an anti-war Greek comedy, written in 411 BC by Aristophanes. Sketch of Aristophanes Aristophanes (Greek: , ca. ... For other uses see Sparta (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of Greece. ... Attic Greek is the ancient dialect of the Greek language that was spoken in Attica, which includes Athens. ... Distribution of Greek dialects, ca. ... Anti war protest in Melbourne, Australia, 2003 Anti_war is a name that is widely adopted by any social movement or person that seeks to end or oppose a future or current war. ... Greek comedy is the name given to a wide genre of theatrical plays written, and performed, in Ancient Greece. ... Centuries: 6th century BC - 5th century BC - 4th century BC Decades: 460s BC 450s BC 440s BC 430s BC 420s BC - 410s BC - 400s BC 390s BC 380s BC 370s BC 360s BC 416 BC 415 BC 414 BC 413 BC 412 BC - 411 BC - 410 BC 409 BC 408... Sketch of Aristophanes Aristophanes (Greek: , ca. ...


Led by the eponymous Lysistrata, the story's female characters barricade the public funds building and withhold sex from their husbands to end the Peloponnesian War and secure peace. In doing so, Lysistrata engages the support of women from Sparta, Boeotia, and Corinth. All of them, at first aghast at the suggestion of withholding sex, finally agree swearing an oath of allegiance to the cause. “Athenian War” redirects here. ... A peace dove, widely known as a symbol for peace, featuring an olive branch in the doves beak. ... For other uses see Sparta (disambiguation). ... Boeotia or Beotia (//, (Greek Βοιωτια; see also list of traditional Greek place names) was the central area of ancient Greece. ... Corinth, or Korinth (Greek: Κόρινθος, Kórinthos; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is a Greek city-state, on the Isthmus of Corinth, the narrow stretch of land that joins the Peloponnesus to the mainland of Greece. ...


The play was originally performed at either the Dionysia or a smaller Festival of Dionysus, called the Lenaia festival. A different comedy by Aristophanes, Women at the Thesmophoria, was also produced that year, and it is not clear which play was produced at which festival. The Dionysia was a large religious festival in ancient Athens in honour of the god Dionysus, the central event of which was the performance of tragedies and comedies. ... This article is about the ancient deity. ... The Lenaia was a dramatic but one of the lesser festivals in Athens and Ionia in ancient Greece. ... Thesmophoriazousae - translated as Women Celebrating the Thesmophoria - is a comedy written by the Greek playwright Aristophanes. ...


The play also addresses the contributions women could make to society and to policy making, but cannot because their views are ignored as all such considerations are the prerogative of men only. See the exchange between Lysistrata and the magistrate who comes to try to browbeat the women into giving up their plans.


Lysistrata touches upon the poignancy of young women left with no eligible young men to marry because of deaths in the wars: "Nay, but it isn't the same with a man/Grey though he be when he comes from the battlefield/still if he wishes to marry he can/Brief is the spring and the flower of our womanhood/once let slip, and it comes not again/Sit as we may with our spells and our auguries/never a husband shall marry us then."


As with all Greek comedies, the actors portraying male characters wore phalluses, but since audiences of the day were accustomed to this convention, there would be no shock-humour as might be experienced by the modern audiences of today. This article is about the symbol of the erect penis. ...

Contents

Modern uses

The play's anti-war message was originally highly topical and referred specifically to the Peloponnesian War, a conflict between Athens and Sparta which was in its twentieth year at the time the play was first performed. Modern adaptations have crafted Aristophanes' work into a more timeless anti-war message. It is important to note that the play does distinguish between feuding among Greeks and war with barbarians. See Lysistrata's speech, loosely translated from the Greek as: “Athenian War” redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see War (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Barbarian (disambiguation). ...

"That ye, all of one blood, all brethren sprinkling / The selfsame altars from the selfsame laver / At Pylae, Pytho, and Olympia, ay / And many others which 'twere long to name / That ye, Hellenes—with barbarian foes / Armed, looking on—fight and destroy Hellenes!"
(Quotation from the translation by Benjamin Bickley Rogers, reproduced in the Britannica Great Books series, Volume 5)

In 1961, the play served as the basis for the musical The Happiest Girl in the World. Benjamin Bickley Rogers (Shepton Montagu, Somerset, December 11, 1828-Twickenham, September 22, 1919) was an English classical scholar. ... The Black Crook (1866) is considered the first musical comedy Musical theatre is a form of theatre combining music, songs, spoken dialogue and dance. ... The Happiest Girl in the World is a musical with a book by Fred Saidy and Henry Mayers, lyrics by E.Y. Harburg, and music taken from the works of Jacques Offenbach. ...


The play was produced in the National Theatre's 1992-93 season transferring successfully from the South Bank to Wyndham's Theatre.


Ludo Mich adapted the play for a 1976 film in which all the actors and actresses were naked throughout.[1]

The 2005 adaptation of Lysistrata performed in Central Park starring Julie Zittrauer and Ton-Essa LaRocque.
The 2005 adaptation of Lysistrata performed in Central Park starring Julie Zittrauer and Ton-Essa LaRocque.

An updated version of the play, which was made into a Mozart-like opera in the 1960s, was published in 1979. The opera was to be performed at Detroit's Wayne State University in 1968, but was canceled when the tenor was drafted into the army 4 days before the performance. The opera director got cold feet about its anti-Vietnam war protest libretto, and used the tenor's draft notice as an excuse to perform the opera in a small room with a new unrehearsed tenor, but no room for a normal-sized audience. That was unacceptable censorship to the composer who then withdrew the opera.[2] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 645 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (693 × 644 pixel, file size: 154 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Private photo taken at the photoshoot for the Central Park production of Lysistrata I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby release it into the public... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 645 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (693 × 644 pixel, file size: 154 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Private photo taken at the photoshoot for the Central Park production of Lysistrata I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby release it into the public... Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (January 27, 1756 – December 5, 1791) was one of the most significant and influential of all composers of Western classical music. ...


In reaction to the Iraq disarmament crisis, this play was the focus of a peace protest initiative The Lysistrata Project in which readings of the play were held on March 3, 2003 internationally. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Aristophanes anti-war comedy Lysistrata, written in 411 BC, has female characters, led by the eponymous Lysistrata, barricading the public funds building and withholding consensual sex from their husbands to secure peace and end the Peloponnesian War. ... is the 62nd day of the year (63rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 2004, a 100 person version of show called Lysistrata 100 was performed in Brooklyn, New York.[3] The new adaptation was written by Edward Einhorn and performed in a former warehouse which had been converted to a pub. The play was set at the Dionysia, much like the original may have been. The Dionysia was a large religious festival in ancient Athens in honour of the god Dionysus, the central event of which was the performance of tragedies and comedies. ...


Another operatic version of the play was created by composer Mark Adamo. Adamo's opera Lysistrata, or The Nude Goddess premiered at the Houston Grand Opera in March 2005. Mark Adamo (1962-) is an American composer and librettist who was born in Philadelphia. ... The Houston Grand Opera (HGO) is a Houston, Texas-based opera company. ...


In the summer 2005, an adaptation set in present-day New York City written by Jason Tyne premiered in Central Park.[4] Lucy and her fellow New Yorkers Cleo and Cookie called all of the wives, girlfriends, and lovers of the men in control of the most powerful countries in the world to inflict their sex boycott on them. The Greek civil war was replaced by the current war on terror, the magistrate was replaced by George W. Bush, and Kinesias with a fellow named Dick. New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Central Park is a large public, urban park (843 acres, 3. ... // Lucy may refer to: Saint Lucy, patron saint of eye conditions Shannon Spruill, American professional wrestler with the stage name Lucy Lucille Ball, American actress and comedian Lucy Booth, the fifth daughter of William and Catherine Booth Lucy Burns, American womens suffrage leader Lucy Lawless, New Zealand actress Lucy... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States, inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ...


Life imitates art

A present-day Lysistrata played out in the town of Pereira, Colombia, in September 2006 when a group of gangsters' wives and girlfriends declared a sex strike to force their partners to participate in a disarmament program.[5] Latitude: 4°4955 North; Longitude: 75°4316West Nickname: La Querendona, Trasnochadora y Morena Motto: Pereira con Vida Map of Pereira excepting Dosquebradas Country Colombia Department Risaralda Foundation August 30, 1863 Mayor Juan Manuel Arango Area    - City km²  - Metro 628 km² Elevation 1,411 m Population    - City (2005 est. ... Gangsters are members of a professional crime organization, i. ... A sex strike is a strike, a method of non-violent resistance in which one or multiple persons refrain from sex with their partner(s) to achieve certain goals. ...


Popular culture

In the M*A*S*H episode, "Edwina" a variation on the main theme of Lysistrata was presented when all the nurses withheld sex from their partners until one of the men would date a clumsy nurse on staff. M*A*S*H is an American television series developed by Larry Gelbart, inspired by the 1968 novel M*A*S*H: A Novel About Three Army Doctors by Richard Hooker (penname for H. Richard Hornberger) and its sequels, but primarily by the 1970 film MASH, and influenced by the... Edwina was episode thirteen of the first season of the TV series M*A*S*H. It originally aired on December 24, 1972. ...


On their 1982 album Swing to the Right, the rock band Utopia has a song Lysistrata; the song mentions no concerted action by all the women, it is only Lysistrata who convinces her husband not to go to war. Swing to the Right is a Utopia (featuring Todd Rundgren, Roger Powell, Kazim Sulton, and Willie Wilcox) album from 1982. ... Utopia was progressive rock band led by Todd Rundgren that was together roughly from 1973 to 1985. ...


In the Little Mosque on the Prairie episode, "The Barrier" Sarah uses this theme to convince her husband Yasir to remove the barrier in the Mosque. Later in the episode, the play is mentioned by name in reference to this strategy in a conversation between Sarah and Mayor Popowicz. Little Mosque on the Prairie is a Canadian sitcom on CBC Television. ... // The following is a list of episodes for the Canadian sitcom, Little Mosque on the Prairie. ...


Translations

  • Perseus Project English translation by Jack Lindsay
  • Lysistrata, anonymous translator rumored to be Oscar Wilde; published in 1912 by the Athenian Society, London.
  • Benjamin B. Rogers, 1924 - verse
  • Jack Lindsay, 1925 - verse: full text
  • Arthur S. Way, 1934 - verse
  • Charles T. Murphy, 1944 - prose and verse
  • Dudley Fitts, 1954 - prose and verse
  • Douglass Parker, 1963 - verse
  • translator unknown - prose: full text
  • Jeffrey Henderson - 1988, verse
  • Nicholas Rudall, 1991
  • George Theodoridis, 2003 - prose: full text
  • Sarah Ruden, 2003
  • Paul Roche, 2004 - verse and prose
  • Edward Einhorn, 2005 prose and verse: partial text
  • Chris Tilley, 2003/06 - A musical version with prose and songs

The Perseus Project is a digital library project of Tufts University that assembles digital collections of humanities resources. ... Oscar Fingal OFlahertie Wills Wilde (October 16, 1854 – November 30, 1900) was an Irish playwright, novelist, poet, and author of short stories. ... Benjamin Bickley Rogers (Shepton Montagu, Somerset, December 11, 1828-Twickenham, September 22, 1919) was an English classical scholar. ... Robert Leeson Jack Lindsay (1900 - 1990) was an Australian-born writer, who from 1926 lived in the United Kingdom, initially in Essex. ... Arthur S. Way (1847- ? ) was an English classical scholar and poet, born at Dorking. ... Dudley Fitts (April 28, 1903-July 10, 1968) was an American teacher, critic, poet, and translator of classical Greek works into contemporary English. ... D. Nicholas Rudall is Professor of Classical Languages and Literatures, Committees on General Studies in the Humanities and Ancient Mediterranean World, and the College at the University of Chicago, where he has taught since 1966. ... Christopher Y. Tilley is a British archaeologist and a leading proponent of post-processual archaeology. ...

References

  1. ^ Lysistrata (1976). Internet Movie Database Inc.. Retrieved on 2007-04-22.
  2. ^ Lysistrata & the War. Greenwich Publishing (24 Mar 2006). Retrieved on 2007-04-22.
  3. ^ Lysistrata 100, by Aristophanes. Untitled Theater Company. Retrieved on 2007-04-22.
  4. ^ Template:Cit web
  5. ^ Bogota correspondents. "Gang wives call sex strike against crime", Daily Telegraph, 13 Sep 2006. Retrieved on 2007-04-22. 

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 112th day of the year (113th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 112th day of the year (113th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 112th day of the year (113th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 112th day of the year (113th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
SparkNotes: Lysistrata: Summary (0 words)
Lysistrata argues that the War is a concern for women especially and she adds her two cents as to how the city should be run, drawing an elaborate analogy to show that Athens should be structured as a woman would spin wool.
Lysistrata tells the Commissioner that war is a concern of women because women have sacrificed greatly for it—women have given their husbands and their sons to the effort.
Lysistrata reasons that because both Athens and Sparta are of a common heritage and because they have previously helped one another and owe a debt to one another, the two sides should not be fighting.
Lysistrata (0 words)
They meet in solemn conclave, and Lysistrata expounds her scheme, the rigorous application to husbands and lovers of a self-denying ordinance--"we must refrain from the male altogether." Every wife and mistress is to refuse all sexual favours whatsoever, till the men have come to terms of peace.
In cases where the women must yield 'par force majeure,' then it is to be with an ill grace and in such a way as to afford the minimum of gratification to their partner; they are to be passive and take no more part in the amorous game than they are absolutely obliged to.
Before long the device of the bold Lysistrata proves entirely effective, Peace is concluded, and the play ends with the hilarious festivities of the Athenian and Spartan plenipotentiaries in celebration of the event.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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