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Encyclopedia > Lyric Suite

Lyric Suite is a six-movement work for string quartet written by Alban Berg between 1925 and 1926. Though publicly dedicated to Alexander von Zemlinsky (from whose 'Lyric Symphony' it quotes), the work has recently been revealed to possess a 'secret dedication' and outline a 'secret programme'. Berg himself arranged three of the movements for string orchestra. In music, a movement is a large division of a larger composition or musical form. ... The resident string quartet of the Library of Congress in 1963 A string quartet is a musical ensemble of four string instruments—usually two violins, a viola and cello—or a piece written to be performed by such a group. ... Portrait of Alban Berg by Arnold Schoenberg, c. ... Alexander von Zemlinsky Alexander Zemlinsky or Alexander von Zemlinsky, (October 14, 1871 – March 15, 1942) was an Austrian composer of classical music, conductor, and teacher. ...

Contents

Composition and analysis

According to Berg's friend and Schoenberg pupil Erwin Stein, "The work (Ist and VIth part, the main part of the IIIrd and the middle section of the Vth) has been mostly written strictly in accordance with Schoenberg's technique of the 'Composition with 12 inwardly related tones.' A set of 12 different tones gives the rough material of the composition, and the portions which have been treated more freely still adhere more or less to the technique." Erwin Stein (1885-1958) was a Viennese musician and writer, prominent as a pupil and friend of Schoenberg, with whom he studied between 1906 and 1910. ... Schoenberg redirects here. ...


According to Rene Leibowitz (1947) it is "entirely written in the twelve-tone technique, [it] is a sonata movement without the development. Thus the recapitulation follows directly upon the exposition; but, because of the highly advanced twelve-tone technique of variation, everything in this movement is developmental." René Leibowitz (February 17, 1913 – August 29, 1972) was a French composer, conductor, music theorist and teacher born in Warsaw, Poland. ... Twelve-tone technique (also dodecaphony) is a method of musical composition devised by Arnold Schoenberg. ... Sonata form is a musical form that has been used widely since the early Classical period. ... Musical development is the transformation and restatement of initial material, often contrasted with musical variation, with which it may be difficult to distinguish as a general process. ... Recapitulation is the term used by Irenaeus to describe the manner in which God interacts with the world towards the final goal in space and time of mans salvation and redemption. ... Look up exposition in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... In music, variation is a formal technique where material is altered during repetition; reiteration with changes. ...


However, the first analysis was undertaken by H.F. Redlich (1957), who notices that, "the first movement of the Lyric Suite develops out of the disorder of intervals in its first bar, the notes of which, strung out horizontally, present the complete chromatic scale, and from this in the second and following bars, grows the Basic Set in its thematic shape." Musical analysis can be defined as a process attempting to answer the question how does this music work?. The method employed to answer this question, and indeed exactly what is meant by the question, differs from analyst to analyst. ... Hans Redlich (1903-1968) was an Austrian classical composer and musicologist. ... In music, a movement is a large division of a larger composition or musical form. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... In musical notation, a bar or measure is a segment of time defined as a given number of beats of a given duration. ... The chromatic scale is the scale that contains all twelve pitches of the Western tempered scale. ... In music, a theme is the initial or primary melody. ...


Theodor Adorno called the quartet "a latent opera" (Sandberger, 1996). Redlich (ibid, p.142) described, "the concealed vocality of the Lyric Suite," despite having no knowledge of the setting of Baudelaire in the finale movement, deciphered by Douglass M. Green in 1976 from what George Perle calls "Berg's cryptic notations". Perle discovered a complete copy of the first edition annotated by Berg for his dedicatee, Hanna Fuchs-Robettin (Franz Werfel's sister, with whom Berg had an affair in the 1920s), later that year. (Perle, 1990). Max Horkheimer (front left), Theodor Adorno (front right), and Jürgen Habermas in the background, right, in 1965 at Heidelberg. ... In music a singer or vocalist is a type of musician who sings, i. ... Charles Baudelaire, photograph taken by Nadar. ... Franz Werfel, photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1940 Werfels grave in the Zentralfriedhof, Vienna. ...


Berg used the motif, A-B-H-F, to combine Alban Berg (A.B.) and Hanna Fuchs-Robettin (H.F.) (AMG). This is most prominent in movement three. Berg also quotes a melody from Zemlinsky's Lyric Symphony in movement four which originally set the words "You are mine own". In the last movement, according to Berg's self-analysis, the, "entire material, the tonal element too...as well as the Tristan motif" is developed "by strict adherence to the 12-note series."(Sandberger, 1996) In music, a motif is a perceivable or salient reoccurring fragment or succession of notes that may used to construct the entirety or parts of complete melodies, themes. ... The Lyric Symphony, op. ... The Tristan chord is a chord made up of the notes F, B, D# and G#. More generally, it can be any chord that consists of these same intervals (from the bottom up, an augmented fourth, a major third, and a perfect fourth). ...


Despite assertions by Berg and others, George Perle, however, "had not yet been informed, as Leibowitz and Redlich were by the time they came to write their respective books, that everything in the 'strictly' dodecaphonic first movement had to be derived from a single serial ordering of the twelve notes of the chromatic scale." Rather, he, "recognized that the first three chords unfold tetrachordal segments of a single statement of the cycle of fifths (C7), and that at the bottom of the same page, in bars 7-9, the cello presents a linear statement of the same cycle." The second violin unfolds "the initial tetrachordal segmentation of the perfect-5th cycle," again at the beginning of the recapitulation. He asks: "How could one [think] of the initial bar as 'disordered'? If anything is to be designated as an Urform here, surely it is this perfect-5th cycle, given its background role in relation to the tone row and other components of the movement." George Perle (born May 6, 1915 in Bayonne, New Jersey) is a composer and musicologist who has studied with Ernst Krenek. ... Fingering for a first position C major chord on a guitar. ... The tetrachord is a concept of music theory borrowed from ancient Greece. ... In music theory, the circle of fifths (or cycle of fifths) is a geometrical space that depicts relationships among the 12 equal-tempered pitch classes comprising the familiar chromatic scale. ... In music, interval cycles, unfold a single recurrent interval in a series that closes with a return to the initial pitch class, and are notated by George Perle using the letter C, for cycle, with an interval class integer to distinguish the interval. ... The violoncello, almost always abbreviated to cello, or cello (the c is pronounced as the ch in cheese), is a stringed instrument and a member of the violin family. ... The word linear comes from the Latin word linearis, which means created by lines. ... The perfect fifth or diapente is one of three musical intervals that span five diatonic scale degrees; the others being the diminished fifth, which is one semitone smaller, and the augmented fifth, which is one semitone larger. ... Recapitulation is the term used by Irenaeus to describe the manner in which God interacts with the world towards the final goal in space and time of mans salvation and redemption. ... The word, random is used to express lack of purpose, cause, order, or predictability in non-scientific parlance. ... The term background can have any of the following meanings: Background (computer software) refers to software that is running, but not being displayed. ... In music, a tone row or note row is a permutation, an arrangement or ordering, of the twelve notes of the chromatic scale. ...


Recordings

The piece has been recorded and released on:

The Juilliard String Quartet is a classical music string quartet founded in 1946 at the Juilliard School in New York. ... Kronos Quartet in 2006. ... Dawn Upshaw (born July 17, 1960 in Nashville, Tennessee), is an American soprano. ...

Movements

  1. Allegretto gioviale
  2. Andante amoroso
  3. Allegro misterioso - Trio estatico
  4. Adagio appassionato
  5. Presto delirando - Tenebroso
  6. Largo desolato

Tone rows

Movement I

Download high resolution version (890x125, 3 KB)Tone row from the first movement of Alban Bergs Lyric Suite, according to George Perle. ...

according to George Perle, pitch classes. He also depicts it in the following way:

Download high resolution version (882x157, 5 KB)Tone row from the first movement of Alban Bergs Lyric Suite, according to George Perle. ...


Movement III

Download high resolution version (893x119, 3 KB)Tone row from the third movement of Alban Bergs Lyric Suite, according to Wolfgang Stroh. ...

according to Wolfgang Stroh, pitch classes

Download high resolution version (882x261, 7 KB)Tone row from the third movement of Alban Bergs Lyric Suite, according to George Perle. ...

according to George Perle, pitches

Movement VI

Download high resolution version (890x158, 4 KB)Bergs Lyric Suite Mov. ...

tone row 1

Download high resolution version (890x143, 4 KB)Bergs Lyric Suite Mov. ...

tone row 2, derived from tone row 1

Constructive rhythm

Download high resolution version (886x141, 4 KB)Alban Bergs constructive rhythm in his Lyric Suite, according to Wolfgang Stroh. ...

Stroh (Perle, 1990).

Sources

  • George Perle (1990). The Listening Composer. California: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-06991-9.
    • Perle, George (1977). "The Secret Program of the Lyric Suite", International Alban Berg Newsletter 5 (June).
  • Stein, Erwin (). Lyric Suite score. Prefatory notes by Stein.
  • Leibowitz, Rene (1947). Schoenberg et son ecole (1947) [Schoenberg and his School, p.157 (1949)]. Paris: Janin [New York: Philosophical Library]. [Translated by Dika Newlin]
  • Redlich, H.F. (1957). Alban Berg, the Man and His Music, p.135f (1957). London: John Calder.
  • Douglass M. Green (1977). "Berg's De Profundis: The Finale of the Lyric Suite", International Alban Berg Newsletter 5 (June).
  • Wolfgang Sandberger, liner notes (1996). Intimate Letters. Sony Classical SK 66840. Translated by Stewart Spencer.
  • Wolfgang Martin Stroh (1968). "Alban Berg's 'Constructive Rhythm'", Perspectives of New Music VII/I (Fall-Winter): 26.
  • http://www.allclassical.com/cg/acg.dll?p=acg&sql=2:53893

George Perle (born May 6, 1915 in Bayonne, New Jersey) is a composer and musicologist who has studied with Ernst Krenek. ...

External links

  • http://www.geocities.com/al6an6erg/lyric.html

  Results from FactBites:
 
Lyric Suite - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (409 words)
Lyric Suite is a six-movement work for string quartet written by Alban Berg between 1925 and 1926.
Though publicly dedicated to Alexander von Zemlinsky (from whose 'Lyric Symphony' it quotes, the work has recently been revealed to possess a 'secret dedication' and outline a 'secret programme'.
Redlich (ibid, p.142) described, "the concealed vocality of the Lyric Suite," despite having no knowledge of the setting of Baudelaire in the finale movement, deciphered by Douglass M. Green in 1976 from what George Perle calls "Berg's cryptic notations".
Capstone Records: Harold Boatrite - Sonatas & Suites (2678 words)
The sonatas and suites on this disc were all written between the years 1955 and 1965, which the composer describes as his chamber-music period.
The adagio of the Lyric Suite, to take but one example, is a two-part invention that transcends its own self-imposed austerity, leaving the listener richly satisfied.
The Suite is marvelously evocative of the baroque era while the Sonata-Fantasia is a contemporary virtuosic vehicle for an ancient instrument.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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