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Encyclopedia > Lyocell
The label of a coat with Tencel®
The label of a coat with Tencel®

Lyocell is a fibre made from wood pulp cellulose. It was first manufactured in 1988 by Courtaulds Fibres UK at their pilot plant S25. The only current manufacturer in the United States is Lenzing Inc, who market it under the trademarked brand name Tencel®. There is another larger plant with over twice as much capacity at Grimsby in the United Kingdom which is currently running flat out. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1657x1813, 384 KB) Summary The label of a coat with lyocell. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1657x1813, 384 KB) Summary The label of a coat with lyocell. ... Cellulose as polymer of β-D-glucose Cellulose in 3D Cellulose (C6H10O5)n is a polysaccharide of beta-glucose. ...


The Federal Trade Commission defines lyocell as "a cellulose fabric that is obtained by an organic solvent spinning process". It classifies the fibre as a sub-category of rayon. FTC headquarters, Washington, D.C. The Federal Trade Commission (or FTC) is an independent agency of the United States government, established in 1914 by the Federal Trade Commission Act. ... Rayon is a manufactured regenerated cellulosic fiber. ...


The fibre is used in the production of many clothes, such as jeans, trousers and coats. Blue Jeans Jeans are trousers traditionally made from denim, but may also be made from a variety of fabrics including corduroy. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Pants. ... Coat can refer to any one of the following: The fur coat of a mammal. ...

Contents

Major properties

Lyocell was introduced to consumers in 1991 and originally marketed as a type of Rayon. The only current manufacturer in the United States is Lenzing Inc, who market it under the trademarked brand name Tencel. Lyocell is produced from wood pulp called cellulose. Lyocell shares many properties with other cellulosic fibers such as cotton, linen, ramie and rayon. Some main characteristics of lyocell fibers are that it is soft, absorbent, very strong when wet or dry, and resistant to wrinkles; it can be machine- or hand-washed or drycleaned, it drapes well, and it can be dyed many colors, as well as simulating a variety of textures like suede, leather, or silk. FiberSource


Production method

Lyocell is created through a process called solvent spinning. The wood pulp is dissolved in N-Methylmorpholine N-oxide, creating a solution called "dope." The dope is then pushed through a spinneret to form the individual fibers. After the dope has been spun into lyocell fibers, it is washed and the chemicals are retrieved from the water, purified, and recycled. (Kadolph, Sara, and Anna Langford. Textiles:Ninth Edition. Prentice Hall. 2002.) Since there is little byproduct, this process is relatively eco-friendly. N-methylmorpholine-N-Oxide or NMO is an organic compound. ... A spinneret is a spiders silk spinning organ. ...


Uses

Currently Lyocell is more expensive to produce than cotton or rayon, but is included in many everyday items. Staple fibers are used in apparel items such as denim, chino, underwear and other casual wear clothing, even in bath towels. Filament fibers are used in items that have a silkier appearance such as women’s clothing and men’s dress shirts. Lyocell can be blended with a variety of other fibers such as silk, cotton, rayon, polyester, linen, nylon, and wool. Lyocell is also used in conveyor belts, specialty papers and medical dressings. (Textiles, Kadolph & Langford) A conveyor belt or belt conveyor consists of two end pulleys, with a continuous loop of material that rotates about them. ... A dressing is an adjunct used by a person for application to a wound in order to promote healing and/or prevent further harm. ...


See also

Modal (textile) Modal® is a bio-based fiber made by spinning reconstituted cellulose from beech trees. ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Lyocell - One Fiber, Many Faces, HYG-5572-99 (1851 words)
Lyocell is a manufactured fiber, but it is not synthetic.
Lyocell was initially marketed as and can generally be found in high end and designer apparel.
Hand washable/line dry lyocell fabrics are frequently knits (often blended with rayon or cotton) or wovens, such as chambray or sandwashed "silk-like" fabrics.
Lyocell - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (397 words)
Lyocell is a fibre made from wood pulp cellulose.
Some main characterisitcs of lyocell fibers are, soft, absorbent, high strength when wet or dry, resistan to wrinkles, can be machine or hand washed or drycleaned, has good drape and can be dyed many colors as well as simulate a variety of textures like suede, leather or silk.
Lyocell can be blended with a variety of other fibers such as silk, cotton, rayon, polyester, linen, nylon, wool, and polyester.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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