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Encyclopedia > Luzon
Map of the Philippines showing the island groups of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao.
Map of the Philippines showing the island groups of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao.

Luzón refers to the largest and most politically important island in the Philippines and to one of the three island groups in the country, with Visayas and Mindanao being the other two. Luzon as an island group includes the island of Luzon itself, plus the Batanes and Babuyan groups of islands to the north, and the main and outlying islands of Catanduanes, Marinduque, Masbate, Romblon, and Mindoro in the south. The island group of Palawan, which used to be a province belonging to an administrative region of Luzon has been transferred to Region VI in the Visayas in 2005. Map of the Philippines showing Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. ... Map of the Philippines showing Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao Visayas is one of the three island groupings in the Philippines along with Luzon and Mindanao. ... Map of the Philippines showing the island groups of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao Mindanao is the second largest and easternmost island in the Philippines and one of the three island groups in the country, with Luzon and Visayas being the other two. ... Map of the Philippines showing Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao Visayas is one of the three island groupings in the Philippines along with Luzon and Mindanao. ... Map of the Philippines showing the island groups of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao Mindanao is the second largest and easternmost island in the Philippines and one of the three island groups in the country, with Luzon and Visayas being the other two. ... Batanes is the northernmost and the smallest province of the Philippines, both in terms of population and land area. ... The Babuyan Islands is an archipelago located in the Luzon Strait and north of Luzon island in the Philippines. ... Catanduanes is an island province of the Philippines located in the Bicol Region in Luzon. ... Marinduque is an island province of the Philippines located in the MIMAROPA region in Luzon. ... Masbate is an island province of the Philippines located in the Bicol Region in Luzon. ... Romblon is an island province of the Philippines located in the MIMAROPA region in Luzon. ... Beach in Northern Mindoro Mindoro is the seventh-largest island in the Philippines. ... Palawan is an island province of the Philippines located in the Southern Tagalog region. ...

Contents


Geography

Luzon's area is 104,688 square kilometers, making it the world's 17th largest island. It is the fifth most populous island in the world. Located on Luzon are the country's capital, Manila, and its most populous city, Quezon City. The island is very mountainous and is home to Mount Pulag, the second highest mountain in the country and Mayon, the most famous volcano. To the west of Luzon island is the South China Sea (Luzon Sea in Philippine territorial waters), to the east is the Philippine Sea, and to the north is Luzon Strait containing Babuyan Channel and Balintang Channel. To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here surface areas between 100,000 km² and 1,000,000 km². ... This is a list of islands in the world ordered by area. ... This is a list of islands in the world ordered by population. ... Manila (Filipino: Maynila) is the capital of the Philippines. ... Quezon City P (Filipino: Lungsod Quezon) is the former capital and the most populous city in the Philippines. ... Mount McKinley (Denali) in Alaska (USA) has the largest visible base-to-summit elevation difference on Earth. ... Mount Pulag (or sometimes Mount Pulog) is the second-highest mountain in the Philippines. ... Mayon Volcano is a volcano in the Philippines. ... Smoking Bromo and Semeru (background) volcanoes on Java in Indonesia. ... The South China Sea, showing surrounding countries and neighbouring seas and oceans The South China Sea is a marginal sea, part of the Pacific Ocean, encompassing an area from Singapore to the Strait of Taiwan of around 3,500,000 km². It is the largest sea body after the five... The Philippine Sea is a part of the western Pacific Ocean bordered by the Philippines and Taiwan to the west, Japan to the north, the Marianas to the east and Palau to the south. ... The map of Luzon Strait FUCK SHIT PISS DICK EATER CUNT LICKER PISS DRINKER CUM GUZZLER ur not supposed to be able to edit these pages i suggest you dont put this here!! The Luzon Strait is a strait connecting the Philippine Sea, in the western Pacific, to the South... The Balintang Channel is the small waterway that seperates the Batanes and Babuyan Islands in the Luzon Strait, both of whom belong to the Philippines. ...


The main part of the island is roughly rectangular in shape and has the long Bicol Peninsula protruding to the southeast. The northern part of the island contains the largest mountain range in the country, the Cordillera Central. Mount Pulag, the second highest mountain in the country, is located there, rising 2,922 m. To the east of the Cordillera Central is the large Cagayan Valley, which serves as the basin for the Cagayan River, the longest river in the Philippines. To the east of the valley rises the Sierra Madre mountain range, easily the longest range in the country. Bicol Region is one of the regions of the Philippines occupying the Bicol Peninsula at the southeastern end of Luzon island. ... A mountain range is a group of mountains bordered by lowlands or separated from other mountain ranges by passes or rivers. ... The Cordillera Central is a massive mountain range situated in the northern central part of the island of Luzon, in the Philippines. ... Mount Pulag (or sometimes Mount Pulog) is the second-highest mountain in the Philippines. ... Cagayan Valley (Lambak ng Cagayan in Filipino) is a region of the Philippines, also designated as Region II or Region 02. ... The Cagayán River is located on the northern half of Luzón, in the Philippines. ... The Sierra Madre is a mountain range in the Philippines. ...


The Sierra Madre snakes southwards into the central and southern part of the island. Between it and the Zambales Mountains to the west is the largest plain, the Central Luzon plain. This plain, approximately 11,000 km² in size, is the country's largest producer of rice. Among the rivers irrigating this plain, the longest are Agno to the north, and Pampanga to the south. In the middle of the plain rises the solitary Mount Arayat. To the west, in the Zambales Mountains, rises Mount Pinatubo, made famous because of its enormous 1991 eruption. The Zambales Mountains are on the western side of Luzon, in the Philippines. ... Agno is a locality in Switzerlands canton of Ticino. ... The Pampanga River is a river on the island of Luzon in the Philippines. ... Mount Arayat is an extinct volcano on Luzon Island, Philippines, rising to a height of 1026 m (3366 ft) AGL. There is no recorded eruption of the volcano, and its last activity probably dates to the Holocene era. ... Mount Pinatubo is an active volcano located on the island of Luzon in the Philippines, at the intersection of the borders of the provinces of Zambales, Tarlac, and Pampanga. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Zambales mountains extends to the sea in the north, forming Lingayen Gulf, home to the Hundred Islands National Park. To the south, the mountains also extend into the sea, forming the Bataan Peninsula, which encloses the Manila Bay. This natural harbor is considered to be one of the best natural ports in East Asia, due to its size and strategic geographical location. The Lingayen Gulf is an extension of the South China Sea on Luzon in the Philippines. ... The Hundred Islands National Park is the foremost tourist destination in the province of Pangasinan in northern Philippines. ... Bataan is a province of the Philippines occupying the whole of Bataan Peninsula on Luzon. ... Manila Bay Ü is the harbor which serves the port of Manila (on Luzon), in the Philippines. ... A harbor (AmE), harbour (CwE) or haven is a place where ships may shelter from the weather or are stored. ...


To the southeast of Manila Bay is the largest lake in the country, and also the largest inland lake in Southeast Asia, the Laguna de Bay (Old Spanish, Lake of Bay town). This 949 km² lake is drained by the Pasig River into Manila Bay. Pasig River is one of the most important rivers in the country due to its historical significance and because it runs through the center of Metro Manila. Laguna de Bay is the largest lake in the Philippines and the largest inland freshwater lake in Southeast Asia. ... The Pasig River is a river in the Philippines that drains Laguna de Bay (via the Napindan Channel) into Manila Bay. ... For the article on the capital city of the Philippines, click Manila. ...


Located just 20 km southwest of Laguna de Bay is Taal Lake, within the southwestern portion of the island. This caldera of a lake contains the smallest volcano of the country, Taal Volcano, which rises on the island in the center of the lake. The volcano in turn has a lake in its crater. All the surrounding areas of Taal Lake were once part of a massive prehistoric volcano that covered the southern portion of the province of Cavite, Tagaytay City, and the whole of Batangas province. Satellite image showing Taal Lake Taal Lake is a freshwater lake on the island of Luzon in the Philippines, situated within a caldera formed by very large eruptions between 500,000 and 100,000 years ago. ... Smoking Bromo and Semeru (background) volcanoes on Java in Indonesia. ... Taal Volcano is an active volcano on the island of Luzon in the Philippines. ...


Off the southwestern portion of Luzon is the island of Mindoro, separated by the Verde Island Passages. The passages connect the South China Sea to the east with the Tayabas Bay. To the south of the bay is the island of Marinduque.


The southeastern portion of Luzon is dominated by the Bicol Peninsula. This is a mountainous and narrow region that extends approximately 150 km southeast. Along it are numerous gulfs and bays. In the north is Lamon Bay, which contains Alabat Island and is south of the Polillo Islands of Quezon province. Other bays and gulfs include San Miguel Bay, Lagonoy Gulf, Ragay Gulf, and Sorsogon Bay. Bicol Region is one of the regions of the Philippines occupying the Bicol Peninsula at the southeastern end of Luzon island. ... Polillo is a municipality in the province of Quezon in the Philippines. ... Quezon is a province of the Philippines located in the CALABARZON region in Luzon. ...


To the east of the peninsula lies the island of Catanduanes. Leading to it is the Caramoan Peninsula. Off the southeast tip of Bicol is Samar island, separated by San Bernardino Strait. Bicol Peninsula is connected to the main part of Luzon through the Tayabas Isthmus. Extending south from the isthmus is the Bondoc Peninsula. Samar is an island in the Visayas, which is in the central Philippines. ... The San Bernardino Strait is a strait in the Philippines. ...


The Bicol Peninsula is also home to numerous volcanoes. The most famous is Mayon Volcano in Albay. This 2,460 m high volcano is symmetrically shaped, rivaling that of Mount Fuji in Japan, and is a symbol of the Bicol Region. Other notable mountains are Mount Isarog and Mount Iriga in Camarines Sur, and Mount Bulusan in Sorsogon. Mayon Volcano is a volcano in the Philippines. ... Albay P is a province of the Philippines located in the Bicol Region in Luzon. ... Mount Fuji , IPA: ) is the highest mountain in Japan. ... Bicol Region or Bicolandia is one of the 16 regions of the Philippines occupying the Bicol Peninsula at the southeastern end of Luzon island and some other islands. ... Mount Iriga, or Iriga Volcano, is an active volcano in the province of Camarines Sur (13°27. ... Camarines Sur is a province of the Philippines located in the Bicol Region in Luzon. ... Mount Bulusan, or Bulusan Volcano, is a volcano in the Philippines. ... Sorsogon is a province of the Philippines located in the Bicol Region in Luzon. ...


Located off the southwestern coast of the Bicol Peninsula are the islands of Ticao, Burias, and Masbate. Ticao Island is one of the three major islands of Masbate Province in the Philippines. ... Burias Island is one of the three major islands of Masbate Province in the Philippines. ...


See also Geography of the Philippines. Map of the physical geography of the Philippines. ...


Island Group of Luzon

The island group of Luzon is an arbitrary grouping of islands divided into eight regions, which are further subdivided into 37 provinces, of which only seven are not on Luzon island itself. The island group includes the Batanes and Babuyan islands to the north, and the islands of Catanduanes, Masbate, Marinduque, Romblon, and Mindoro in the south. A region (Filipino: Rehiyon) is an administrative subdivision in the Philippines. ... Map of the Philippines showing the regions and provinces (click for larger version). ...


Regions of Luzon

The eight regions are listed below, discussed individually. Its administrative centers are for formality's sake only, meaning, there is no 'valid' regional administrative center (except in the case of Administrative regions), the power being vested by the provincial governments. The regional centers are only the head tourist offices for the region.

Ilocos Region (Region I) is located in the northwest portion of the main island. Its provinces are: Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, La Union, and Pangasinan. Its inhabitants are mostly of Ilocano descent and the main languages are Ilokano and Pangasinan. The region's administrative center is San Fernando City, La Union. The city of Vigan in Ilocos province is the oldest surviving Spanish colonial city in the Philippines. The Ilocos Region of the Philippines, designated as Region I is located in the northwestern part of Luzon. ... Cagayan Valley (Lambak ng Cagayan in Filipino) is a region of the Philippines, also designated as Region II or Region 02. ... Central Luzon region contains the largest plain of the Philippines and produces most of the countrys rice supply. ... CALABARZON is one of the regions of the Philippines. ... MIMAROPA, also known as Region IV-B, is a region of the Philippines located in Luzon. ... Bicol Region or Bicolandia is one of the 16 regions of the Philippines occupying the Bicol Peninsula at the southeastern end of Luzon island and some other islands. ... The Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) of the Philippines consists of the provinces of Abra, Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga, Mountain Province and Apayao. ... For the article on the capital city of the Philippines, click Manila. ... Ilocos Norte is a province of the Philippines located in the Ilocos Region in Luzon. ... Ilocos Sur is a province of the Philippines located in the Ilocos Region in Luzon. ... La Union is a province of the Philippines located in the Ilocos Region in Luzon. ... Pangasinan Pangasinan, the people, language, province or region of Pangasinan located on the midwest of the island of Luzon off Lingayen Gulf in the Philippine archipelago. ... Ilokano (variants: Ilocano, Iluko, Iloco, and Iloko) is the third most-spoken language of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Ilokano (variants: Ilocano, Iluko, Iloco, and Iloko) is the third most-spoken language of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Pangasinán is a language of the Malayo-Polynesian branch of the Austronesian family of languages spoken by more than two million people in Pangasinan, other Pangasinan communities in the Philippines, and by a significant number of Pangasinan immigrants in the United States; it is the primary language in Pangasinan... San Fernando City is a 3rd class city in the province of La Union, Philippines. ... Vigan is the capital city of the province of Ilocos Sur in the Philippines. ...


Cagayan Valley (Region II) is located in the northeast portion of the main island and also covers the Batanes and Babuyan islands to the north. The valley is surrounded by the Cordillera Central and Sierra Madre mountain ranges. Running through its center is the country's longest river, Cagayan River. Its provinces are Batanes, Cagayan, Isabela, Nueva Vizcaya, and Quirino. The region's administrative center is Tuguegarao City in Cagayan province. The Cordillera Central is a massive mountain range situated in the northern central part of the island of Luzon, in the Philippines. ... The Sierra Madre is a mountain range in the Philippines. ... Philippines Luzon Cagayan Province Cagayan Valley an administrative region Cagayan Valley (valley) Cagayan River Mindanao Cagayan de Oro (city) cloth? Cagayan de cillo Palawan Cagayan Island Category: ... Isabela is a province of the Philippines located in the Cagayan Valley region in Luzon. ... Nueva Vizcaya is a province of the Philippines located in the Cagayan Valley region in Luzon. ... Quirino is a province of the Philippines located in the Cagayan Valley region in Luzon. ... Tuguegarao City is a city in the province of Cagayan, Philippines. ...


Central Luzon (Region III) contains the largest plain of the country and produces most of the country's rice supply. Its provinces are Aurora, Bataan, Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Tarlac, and Zambales. The region's administrative center is the City of San Fernando, Pampanga. The former United States Navy base of Subic Bay, now a free port, is located in Zambales province. In geography, a plain is a large area of land with relatively low relief. ... Species Oryza glaberrima Oryza sativa Rice refers to two species (Oryza sativa and Oryza glaberrima) of grass, native to tropical and subtropical southeastern Asia and to Africa, which together provide more than one fifth of the calories consumed by humans[1]. Rice is an annual plant, growing to 1-1. ... Aurora is a province of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon region. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Bataan Region: Central Luzon (Region III) Capital: Balanga City Founded: —1754 Population: 2000 census—557,659 (46th largest) Density—406 per km² (12th highest) Area: 1,373. ... Bulacan is a province of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon region. ... Nueva Ecija is a landlocked province of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon region. ... Pampanga is a province of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon region. ... Tarlac is a landlocked province of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon region. ... Zambales is a province of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon region. ... The City of San Fernando is a 3rd class city in the province of Pampanga, Philippines. ... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for conducting naval operations. ... Subic Bay is a bay on the west coast of the island of Luzon in the Philippines, about 100km northwest of Manila Bay. ... A free port (porto franco) or free zone (US: Foreign-Trade Zone) is a port or area with relaxed jurisdiction with respect to the country of location. ...


CALABARZON (Region IV-A), one of the newest regions of the country, was previously a part of Southern Tagalog (Region IV). It is one of the most populated areas of the country. The name of the region is actually an acronym that stands for its provinces, which are Batangas, Cavite, Laguna, Quezon, and Rizal. The Tagalogs are the dominant ethnic group in this region, with Tagalog as the main language. Its' recognized administrative center is Manila, which is in Metro Manila, however, some government officials still consider Quezon City, which is also in Metro Manila as the administrative center, and also, Lucena City, in Quezon province. Southern Tagalog, or Region IV, was a region of the Philippines that is now comprised of Region IV-A (CALABARZON) and Region IV-B (MIMAROPA). ... Batangas is a province of the Philippines located on the southwestern part of Luzon in the CALABARZON region. ... Cavite is a province of the Philippines located on the southern shores of Manila Bay in the CALABARZON region in Luzon, just 30 kilometers south of Manila. ... For other uses, see Laguna (disambiguation). ... Quezon is a province of the Philippines located in the CALABARZON region in Luzon. ... Rizal is a province of the Philippines located in the CALABARZON region in Luzon, just 20 kilometers east of Manila. ... Tagalog (pronunciation: ) is one of the major languages of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Manila (Filipino: Maynila) is the capital of the Philippines. ... For the article on the capital city of the Philippines, click Manila. ... Quezon City P (Filipino: Lungsod Quezon) is the former capital and the most populous city in the Philippines. ... For the article on the capital city of the Philippines, click Manila. ... Lucena City is a 1st class highly urbanized city in the province of Quezon, Philippines. ... Quezon is a province of the Philippines located in the CALABARZON region in Luzon. ...


MIMAROPA (Region IV-B), along with CALABARZON is the newest region of the country, and was previously a part of Southern Tagalog (Region IV). It contains most of the islands in the Luzon group. The name of the region is actually an acronym that stands for its provinces, which are Marinduque, Occidental Mindoro, Oriental Mindoro, Romblon, and formerly Palawan, which is now in the Western Visayas region. Marinduque is an island province of the Philippines located in the MIMAROPA region in Luzon. ... Occidental Mindoro (Filipino: Kanlurang Mindoro, “Western Mindoro”; Spanish: Mindoro Occidental) is a province of the Philippines located in the MIMAROPA region in Luzon. ... Oriental Mindoro (Filipino: Silangang Mindoro, “Eastern Mindoro”; Spanish: Mindoro Oriental) is a province of the Philippines located in the MIMAROPA region in Luzon. ... Romblon is an island province of the Philippines located in the MIMAROPA region in Luzon. ... Palawan is an island province of the Philippines located in the Southern Tagalog region. ... Western Visayas, one of the regions of the Philippines, is designated as Region VI. It consists of seven provinces, namely, Aklan, Antique, Negros Occidental, Capiz, Guimaras, Iloilo and Palawan and 17 cities making it the region with the most number of cities. ...


Bicol Region (Region V) occupies the Bicol Peninsula at the southeastern end of Luzon island, plus the outlying islands which include the island provinces of Catanduanes and Masbate. The remaining mainland provinces are Albay, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, and Sorsogon. The region's administrative center is Legazpi City in Albay. The inhabitants are of Bicolano descent with Bikol as the main language. Bicol Region is one of the regions of the Philippines occupying the Bicol Peninsula at the southeastern end of Luzon island. ... Albay P is a province of the Philippines located in the Bicol Region in Luzon. ... Camarines Norte is a province of the Philippines located in the Bicol Region in Luzon. ... Camarines Sur is a province of the Philippines located in the Bicol Region in Luzon. ... Sorsogon is a province of the Philippines located in the Bicol Region in Luzon. ... Legazpi City is a first class city in the province of Albay, Philippines. ... Bicolano or Bikol is an Austronesian language used in the Philippines particularly on the Bicol Peninsula on the island of Luzon. ...


Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) almost completely covers the Cordillera Central mountain range of Northern Luzon. CAR, created in 1989 is a special administrative region for the indigenous tribes of these mountains. Its provinces are Abra, Apayao, Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga, and Mountain Province. The regional center is Baguio City. The Cordillera Central is a massive mountain range situated in the northern central part of the island of Luzon, in the Philippines. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Abra is a landlocked province of the Philippines in the Cordillera Administrative Region in Luzon. ... Apayao is a landlocked province of the Philippines in the Cordillera Administrative Region in Luzon. ... Benguet is a landlocked province of the Philippines in the Cordillera Administrative Region in Luzon. ... Ifugao is a landlocked province of the Philippines in the Cordillera Administrative Region in Luzon. ... Kalinga is a landlocked province of the Philippines in the Cordillera Administrative Region in Luzon. ... Mountain Province is a landlocked province of the Philippines in the Cordillera Administrative Region in Luzon. ... Baguio City is a 1st class highly urbanized city in northern Luzon in the Philippines. ...


National Capital Region (NCR) is a special administrative region that contains the capital of the country, Manila; the country's most populous city, Quezon City; and an additional 15 more cities and municipalities. The region is more popularly known as Metro Manila. It is the only region in the country that has no provinces, and is the most densely populated with over 10 million people living in a 636 km² area. For the article on the capital city of the Philippines, click Manila. ...


History

The region first came to contact with Spain in the late 16th century by Spanish conquistadors, led by Martin de Goiti, Juan de Salcedo, and Miguel López de Legaspi who arrived between 1570 and 1571 to claim the lands for Spain. (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... Conquistador (Spanish: kōn-kÄ“-stŏ-dōr) (meaning Conqueror in the Spanish language) is the term used to refer to the soldiers, explorers, and adventurers who brought much of the Americas and Asia Pacific under Spanish colonial rule between the 15th and 17th centuries, starting with the 1492 settlement... Martín de Goiti (b. ... Juan de Salcedo (b. ... Miguel López de Legazpi (b. ... Events January 23 - The assassination of regent James Stewart, Earl of Moray throws Scotland into civil war February 25 - Pope Pius V excommunicates Queen Elizabeth I of England with the bull Regnans in Excelsis May 20 - Abraham Ortelius issues the first modern atlas. ... Events January 11 - Austrian nobility is granted Freedom of religion. ...


During the Philippine-American War, U.S. forces fought Filipino guerrillas in various parts of Luzon. In 1901, U.S. Brigadier General J. Franklin Bell told the New York Times that "One-sixth of the natives of Luzon have either been killed or have died of the dengue fever in the last two years. The loss of life by killing alone has been great, but I think that not one man has been slain except were his death served the legitimate purposes of war. It has been necessary to adopt what other countries would probably be thought harsh measures, for the Filipino is tricky and crafty and has to be fought in his own way.[1] Combatants United States The Philippines Commanders Elwell Stephen Otis Emilio Aguinaldo Strength 126,000 soldiers 80,000 soldiers Casualties 4,324 U.S. soldiers dead 2,840 wounded; 2,000 killed, dead, or wounded of the Philippine Constabulary 16,000 soldiers killed est. ... J. Franklin Bell (1856- January 1919) was Chief of Staff of the United States Army from 1906 to 1910. ...


On December 8, 1941 (December 7, 1941 east of the International Date Line), Japanese aircraft attacked U.S. bases on Luzon, launching a campaign which would lead to the landing of invasion forces in various parts of the island. The major landings took place at Lingayen Gulf on December 22. In the face of superior Japanese forces, U.S. and Philippine troops began a series of phased withdrawals to the Bataan Peninsula, where they hoped to hold out until relief could be organized from the U.S. and to deny the Japanese use of Manila Bay through control of Corregidor Island at the southern tip of Bataan. The Battle of Bataan would last for several months, but U.S. and Philippine forces were eventually overwhelmed by the Japanese. Japanese forces completed the occupation of Luzon, but were harassed by U.S. and Filipino guerrillas, in many cases fighting in the same areas where Filipino guerrillas had harassed U.S. forces during the Philippine-American War. The International Date Line around 180° This article is about the line dividing time zones; see Dateline for other meanings, including the television program. ... The Lingayen Gulf is an extension of the South China Sea on Luzon in the Philippines. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Bataan Region: Central Luzon (Region III) Capital: Balanga City Founded: —1754 Population: 2000 census—557,659 (46th largest) Density—406 per km² (12th highest) Area: 1,373. ... Combatants Philippines United States Japan Commanders George M. Parker (II Philippine Corps) Edward P. King (Bataan Forces) Masaharu Homma (Philippine invasion forces) Strength 120,000 Filipino troops; 30,000 U.S. troops 75,000 Japanese troops Casualties 10,000 killed, 20,000 wounded, 75,000 prisoners 7,000 killed, 12... Combatants United States The Philippines Commanders Elwell Stephen Otis Emilio Aguinaldo Strength 126,000 soldiers 80,000 soldiers Casualties 4,324 U.S. soldiers dead 2,840 wounded; 2,000 killed, dead, or wounded of the Philippine Constabulary 16,000 soldiers killed est. ...


Following earlier landings on Leyte and Mindoro Islands, U.S. forces landed on Luzon, at Lingayen Gulf, on January 9, 1945. Driving southward along the same general route the Japanese followed in 1941-42, they advanced on Manila and fought the Japanese in the Battle for the Liberation of Manila from February to March 1945. U.S. forces also landed in several other points on Luzon and conducted operations to rescue prisoners of war at Cabanatuan and Los Baños. In the face of U.S. advances, Japanese forces retreated to the mountains of Luzon and fought a protracted campaign against U.S. forces into the summer of 1945. Luzon and the rest of the Philippines were officially declared liberated on July 5, 1945. Leyte can refer to several things: Leyte, an island in the Phillipines, site of a major World War II battle Leyte Gulf, also in the Phillipines, and site of a WW II battle Leyte province, a province of the Phillipines, including most of Leyte island Southern Leyte, a province of... Beach in Northern Mindoro Mindoro is the seventh-largest island in the Philippines. ... Combatants United States Japan Commanders Robert S. Beightler (37th Infantry Division) Verne D. Mudge (1st Cavalry Division) Oscar W. Griswold (U.S. XIV Corps) Joseph M. Swing (11th Airborne Division) Iwabuchi Sanji (Manila Naval Defense Forces) Strength 35,000 US troops 16,000 Japanese sailors, marines, and Army troops Casualties... Combatants United States Japan Commanders Henry Mucci (6th Ranger Battalion) Robert Prince (C and F Companies, 6th Ranger Battalion) Juan Pajota (USAFFE guerrillas) unknown Strength 127 U.S. troops, 200 Filipino guerrillas estimated 8,000 Japanese troops around the camp and about 700 in the camp Casualties 4 killed and... Los Banos was a Japanese-run Interment and Prisoner of War (POW) camp in the Phillippines. ...


See also

A region (Filipino: Rehiyon) is an administrative subdivision in the Philippines. ... Map of the Philippines showing the regions and provinces (click for larger version). ... Map of the Philippines showing Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao Visayas is one of the three island groupings in the Philippines along with Luzon and Mindanao. ... Map of the Philippines showing the island groups of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao Mindanao is the second largest and easternmost island in the Philippines and one of the three island groups in the country, with Luzon and Visayas being the other two. ...

Notes

  1. ^ (May 1, 1901). "How Filipinos Meet Death; Bullets and Fever Have Killed One-sixth of Luzon Natives in Two Years, Gen. Bell Says.". New York Times: 1.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Luzon (8421 words)
On 15 March the 6th Division, with the 112th Regimental Combat Team attached, passed to the control of the XI Corps, and the 37th Division was placed in the Sixth Army reserve and given the mission of patrolling Manila.
By 31 May, all of southern Luzon was cleared of major enemy units, and on 15 June the XIV Corps was relieved of tactical responsibility in southern Luzon and transferred north.
Although the reconquest of Luzon was a severe blow to the Japanese and placed the Allies one step closer to total victory, Japan would not admit defeat.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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